Socialisation Into Gender Roles Objectives: 1. Understand the term socialisation 2. Understand how boys and girls are socialised into different roles Socialisation • A process by which we learn to behave • Learned behaviour appropriate to our gender • Two types of socialisation: • PRIMARY – family and home • SECONDARY – school • Gender socialisation – learned behaviour appropriate for either male or female Activity 1. How would your parents react if you were a boy and you liked to play with dolls? 2. How would your parents react if you were a girl who liked to climb trees and get muddy and dirty? 3. Explain why some parents might find it difficult to understand why their son likes to dress up in girls clothes? 4. Explain why some parents might find it difficult to accept their daughter becoming a car mechanic? Who socialises children? • Parents – they CANALISE children towards toys and activities seen as appropriate for their gender • CANALISATION = (channelling) • Activity 1. Give an example of toys or activities that channel children towards their appropriate gender • Kitchen – girl • Trains, Cars – boys 2. How else do we reinforce gender roles? • What we say – VERBAL APPELLATIONS – can you give an example? • Good Girl!, naughty Boy • Other activities – • Girls indoor activities • Boys outdoor activities School • School socialises children into gender roles as well. • School expects children to behave in a certain way • School reinforces gender expectations from home Peers • Gender expectations are learned through peer pressure Activity 1. Design a fun poster to illustrate “socialisation into gender roles”. 2. Answer the following exam question: • Explain how boys and girls are socialised into different gender roles. (6 marks) Model Response • Boys and girls are socialised into gender roles by being influenced by the examples of their parents, school and their peers. • Parents influence their children by teaching them how to behave as a girl or boy would – for example girls are taught how to be ladylike, to like cooking and home making. Boys are taught to like playing outdoors, working with their dad in the garden or on the car and they are expected to be strong and brave. • In school teachers continue to influence students in similar ways. Some schools might encourage boys to play football whereas girls may not have the opportunity to take part in more physical games. Girls are expected to behave better than boys and boys can be encouraged to be loud and noisy. For girls to behave like this it would be seen to be “unladylike”. • Also peer pressure influences boys and girls to behave in gender specific ways. For example if all the girls in a particular group dress in a very masculine style then there will be pressure for you to conform to that style of dress as well. Summary 1. What is socialisation? 2. What is a gender role? Give an example. 3. List three ways in which boys and girls are socialised into specific gender roles.
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