Children in poverty by z8OBCl

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									And How Are The Children?



      PresenterTedGroves,KIDS COUNT Director
Sometimes It
Feels Like We
Need A Super
Hero
America’s Future Is At-Risk




             U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                  SURVEY
2010 - Federal Poverty Level and Income Adequacy

      Family     Poverty Level                  Income
       Size                                    Adequacy

         1          $10,830                     $21,660
         2          $14,570                     $29,140
         3          $18,310                     $36,620
         4          $22,050                     $44,100




                       U.S Department Of Health And Human Services
Odds And Duration Of American Poverty

One-Third Of All Americans Will
Experience Poverty Within A 13-year
Period. In That Period:

   1 In 10 Are               1 In 20 Are
  Poor For Most             Poor For 10 Or
   Of The Time                More Years




             From Poverty To Prosperity: A National Strategy To Cut
             Poverty In Half By The Center For American Progress Task
             Force On Poverty | April 25, 2007
              Types of Poverty




                                 Generational
                Working Poor     Poverty
Situational
Poverty




                           Teaching With Poverty In Mind
                                           By Eric Jensen
Percent of Virginia’s Children and
  Parental Employment - 2010




                 NATIONAL CENTER FOR CHILDREN IN POVERTY
         What Do We Know So Far?

A Large Portion Of Our Future Is At-Risk

• 23% of Children Living in Relative Poverty

A Large Portion Of Americans Will Experience
Poverty Over 13 Year Period
• One Third

The Majority Of Virginia’s Poor Children Have
Working Parents
• 68% Of Poor Children




                          U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                               SURVEY
Impact of the Recession
 on Virginia’s Children
Child Poverty Rates In Virginia And The U.S.




                                                    1 year and 6
             8 Month
                                                       Month
            Recession
                                                     Recession




          The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center, www.kidscount.org
Virginia Child Poverty Rates During the
               Recession

      Years           Rates
      2006            12.3%
      2007            12.9%
      2008            13.0%
      2009            14.0%
      2010            14.6%




                 U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                      SURVEY
    Number Of Virginia Children In
       Poverty, Pre-recession
Recession
 Begins




            The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center, www.kidscount.org
 By The Numbers: Child Poverty In Virginia
Virginia Children In        265,000
Poverty
Increase Since              33,000
Recession Began
Poverty Level For A         $22,050 or Below
Family Of Four (2010)




                        U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                             SURVEY
Housing Instability
Since 2006, Over 200,000 Foreclosures In
      Virginia During The Recession




                               Reality Trac, Inc
 Homeless Children In Virginia
           • Ranked 16th
Homeless   • 24,522 homeless
             children in 2010

           • Ranked 18th for Risk of
  Risk       Homelessness

Planning   • Ranked 46th for Planning
             Efforts




            NUMBER OF HOMELESS CHILDREN IN VIRGINIA, MARYLAND
                         RISING, ABC NEWS, DECEMBER 13, 2011
Food Insecurity
VA Students Approved For Reduced Price
             School Lunch
          • 33%
2007-08   • 394,708

          • 38.1%
2010-11   • 467,016




                 U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                      SURVEY
  NAEP 4th Grade Reading Performance: 2011

               Score    % At Or      % At Or        % At
                         Above       Above        Advanced
                        “Basic”    “Proficient”
Students        207        52          17             2
Eligible For
Free/Reduced
Lunch
Students Not    237        83          51           16
Eligible For
Free/Reduced   “Achievement Gap” In 2011: 30 points
Lunch                         In 2002: 27 points
Percent Of Virginia Households Experiencing
              Food Insecurity


  2008           2009                       2010

    • 15.8%        • 16%                         • 17.4%




                    U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                         SURVEY
Food Insecurity By Congressional District
District       Representative           2009 -10 Food Hardship
                                                 Rate
  3rd        Robert C. “Bobby”                   23.5%
                   Scott
  9th        H. Morgan Griffith                  23.4%
  5th           Robert Hurt                      20.0%
  6th          Bob Goodlatte                     19.1%
  4th         J. Randy Forbe                     18.4%
  7th           Eric Cantor                      15.1%
  2nd          E. Scott Rigell                   14.5%
  1st        Robert J. Wittman                   14.1%
 10th         Frank R. Wolfe                     11.0%
  8th         James P. Moran                      8.4%
 11th        Gerald E. Connolly                   7.8%



                   U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                        SURVEY
What Do We Know So Far About The Impact
           Of The Recession?
 High Rates of Children In Poverty Continue After
 Recessions End
  • 2010 – 14.6%; 33,000 More Children
 Large Numbers Of Children Experienced Housing Instability
 During Recession
  • 200,000 Foreclosures During Recession; 24,522 Homeless
    Children in 2010

 Food Insecurity Is High, But Varies Across The State

  • 17.4% Children State-wide




                           U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                                SURVEY
Disparities in Childhood Poverty
Percent Of Virginia's Children In Poverty
     And Parental Education - 2010




                    NATIONAL CENTER FOR CHILDREN IN POVERTY
Percentage Of Virginia Families In Poverty By
                Family Type




           The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center, www.kidscount.org
  Regional Rates for Children Living in
             Poverty 2010




                          10.6%

        18.5%
                17.1%             24.1%
                        17.1%

25.4%     27.3%                      16.2%
Percent Of Virginia Children Living In
Poverty By Type Of Residential Area -
                2010




                U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                     SURVEY
2010 Child Poverty Rates In Selected Virginian Localities

   Ten Lowest Child                       Ten Highest Child
 Poverty Rates in 2010                  Poverty Rates in 2010
Falls Church    2.7%                  Danville               41.7%
Loudoun         4.2%                  Petersburg             41.4%
County
Hanover         6.4%                  Martinsville           36.1%
County
Poquoson        6.6%                  Galax                  35.9%
York County     6.8%                  Richmond city 35.0%
Stafford        6.8%                  Buchanan               34.9%
County                                County
Fairfax County 7.3%                   Roanoke city           33.9%
Fairfax city    8.1%                  Bristol                33.9%
New Kent        8.4%                  Franklin               33.2%
County
Pr William      8.5%                  Lee County             33.1%
County
               The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center, www.kidscount.org
Percent Of Younger And Older Children
In Virginia Who Live In Poverty - 2010




                 U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                      SURVEY
Virginia Children Living In Poverty By Race, 2010




             The Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT Data Center, www.kidscount.org
   Summary Of Poverty Disparities
Single-Parents
 • 28% Live In Poverty

Children Whose Parents Dropped Out Of High School
 • 46% Live In Poverty

Children Under 6
 • 18% Live In Poverty

Children Of Color
 • 28% Black and 18% Latino Live In Poverty
Risks to Children Living in Poverty and
                 Costs
Research Links Poverty To Lower Levels
         Of Child Well-being
Low Academic Achievement


To Drop Out of School


To Have Health, Behavioral, and Emotional Problems


Socioeconomic status affects brain development


Much more likely to be poor as adults
 Cost Of Children Living In Poverty




U.S.                                       VA
       $500                                                     $5 Billion -
       Billion A                                                $9.9 Billion
       Year                                                     A Year




                           THE ECONOMIC COSTS OF POVERTY IN THE U.S.: THE
                   SUBSEQUENT EFFECTS OF CHILDREN GROWING UP POOR BY BY
                                                     HARRY HOLZER, 2007



                    KIDS COUNT P R O J E C T I N W A S H I N G T O N S T A T E , 2 0 0 8
Summary, Impacts, and Recommendations
                           Summary

Since 2006, 20% increase in number of children living in
poverty



Child poverty rate still rising – highest in past 15 years



Child poverty has worsened in every locality


More students than ever before at-risk of underperforming in school

Disparities mean that some groups and localities hit much harder than
others
 Some Impacts Of Higher Child Poverty Rates
Approximately 200,000 Virginia children impacted
by home foreclosures

Higher parental stress; rise in child abuse and
domestic violence
More children now experience hunger and food
insecurity
School readiness gap – children in poverty more
likely to start school already behind

Achievement gap – may worsen
      What Educators and Schools Can Do?
Maximize participation in afterschool meal/snack programs

Coordinate with McKinney Act liaison; improve access for
homeless kids

Staff training in child abuse recognition and reporting


Expand VPI


Support initiatives to improve Head Start programs
  Recommendations For Consideration


Minimum      Single-Parents           Child-care
Wage         • Support efforts        Subsidies
• Increase     to strengthen          • Strengthen
• Index        marriage
             • Decrease births
               to teens and
               unmarried
               woman




                  U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                       SURVEY
 Recommendations For Consideration


Child-Care QI                    Safety-net
• Implement a state-wide         • Maintain benefits
  quality improvement              • Food stamps
  rating system                    • Unemployment
                                     Insurance




                           U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, 2010 AMERICAN COMMUNITY
                                                                SURVEY
     And How Are The Children?

Too Many Living In Poverty And Left Behind
Go Forth Super
Heroes, Help All
Our Children
Reach Their
Full Potential

								
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