SPEAKER WORKSHEET by z8OBCl

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 6

									                                                                              1



                    SPEAKER WORKSHEET
TOPIC / TITLE: (Type)
               Informative
               Persuasive
               Entertainment


OCCASION / SITUATION:


SPECIFIC PURPOSE: (At the end of my speech, the audience will)

              What you want the audience to know, do, believe or remember
at the end of your speech

                    * Audience centered
                    * Behavior oriented

                   What you want to accomplish. At the end of my speech,
the audience will be able to:
                         a. to define sexual harassment
                         b. to identify 3 reasons why…
                         c. Will volunteer to give blood on…
                         d. to explain benefits of the exercise.

MAIN IDEA: (One complete sentence summary, a direct statement)

              One sentence summary. (thesis statement, proposition, central
      idea)
                    1. Topic
                    2. What you want to say about subject.

                       a. Statement NEVER a question.
                       b. Specific and focused.
                       c. Gives direction to speech. ( Audience will know
                          what speech is about and what/where you are
                          going with topic )
                       d. What speaker will prove with evidence.
                                                                            2


AUDIENCE ANALYSIS: (Whom are you talking to?)

    DEMOGRAPHICS: (Specifics, education, age, finances, religion,
membership, race, occupation)

       VALUES, ATTITUDES, BELIEFS: (Attitude, audience reaction to
topic, beliefs, why audience has attitude, values: underlying moral code

                    Values: Moral code of most audience members. How
their values apply to your topic (example: honesty, education, patriotism and
faith ) * Hard to change.

                  Beliefs: Determines attitudes, true or false, can be
changed with evidence.

                   Attitudes: Like / dislikes, favorable / unfavorable,
learned (changed fairly easily) * Determines behavior. What audience feels
about topic. How do you know when audience is listening? During and
after.

CREDIBILITY TECHNIQUES: (Believability – sources, delivery
techniques, experience, audience memory aids, enthusiasm)

What speaker does to help the audience believe and remember his/her
purpose, how speaker can be considered the expert.


5 C’s
        Competence:
            Knowledgeable
            Memory devices
            Repeat main idea 3X *
            Experience
            Delivery techniques (evaluation sheet)

        Composure / confidence:
            Covers mistakes, delivery

        Common ground:
            Especially if hostile or neutral audience.
                                                                               3



        Charisma:
             Passion, energy, commitment, sincerity, belief.

        Credit sources:
             Identify where your evidence was obtained, your credentials.

Initial Credibility
       Posture, eye contact, attention getter, appearance, clear topic and main
idea, credentials, BREATH, begins when you leave your seat, appeals.

Derived Credibility
      Common ground, (WIIFM) What’s In It For Me, Clear organization,
evidence, PRACTICE, relates to main idea.

Terminal Credibility
       Effective conclusion, posture, eye contact, remind audience of main
idea, (WIIFM) What’s In It For Me (appeals), willing and able to answer
questions, ends when returned to seat.

APPEALS (NEEDS, MOTIVATIONS): (How can this benefit audience; needs,
motivation)


(WIIFM) What’s In It For Me motivate audience, how will listeners benefit.



                       MASLOW’S NEEDS




Physiological: Physical

Safety: Insurance, seat belts, protect loved ones.

Social Belonging: Gives identity, part of a whole, love needs, relationship,
recreation.

Esteem: " I am somebody "
     Recognition, rewards, pat on the back, approval
                                                                            4


Self-actualization: potential, “BE ALL YOU CAN BE”, personal
improvement, satisfaction, knowledge.

Courage            Idealism           Family, friendship
Compassion         Brotherhood        Financial stability
Success            Honor              Pleasure
Adventure          Health             Love, God, Loyalty
Responsibility     Competition        Duty
Patriotism         Equality           Honesty

Positive benefits
Negative benefits (" IF…. Then….")

                   * FEAR * protect loved ones

VISUAL AIDS: (TYPE AND PURPOSE)

What kind, why are you using this type?

Makes message clearer and more memorable, reinforces info, interesting

* Murphy's Law * aid only

RESEARCH SOURCES: (M.L.A STYLE) (Identify within speech)

List sources MLA style and credit during speech " In a recent article written
for News Week magazine, author Joe Shmoe…"
" According to Plain Jane, author of…”

SUPPORT TECHNIQUES: (Types of proof, evidence)

Quotes, graphs, pictures, statistics, examples, humor, definitions,
explanations, demonstrate, analyze, refer to common knowledge of historical
event, common beliefs or interests.
                                                                     5


ORGANIZATION TECHNIQUES: (One main technique)

How you say what you want to say, the frame.

      Information speech

            Time sequence - chronological
            Spatial - direction, description of physical placement
            Cause / effect - reasons why, results
            Hierarchy - order of importance

             Topical - most versatile

Types, qualities and categories

                   Advantages / Disadvantages
                   Similarities / Differences
                   Compare / Contrast
                   Pro / Con

             Take a large topic and speak on one aspect of it

PERSUASION

      Problem / solution
      Refutation
      Need / Plan
      Hierarchy
      Cause / Effect

* Monroe’s Motivated Sequence / inspiration speeches

      Attention
      Need
      Satisfaction (plan)
      Visualization
      Action
                                                                                      6


LANGUAGE TECHNIQUES: (Literary skills – metaphor, simile,
repetition, parallelism, etc.)

* Repetition
  Catchy phrase
  Acronym       TTSP, TDY, LADDER

INTRODUCTION: (Technique)

       What will you do to get the audiences attention?

              Examples, personal experience, quote, rhetorical question,
startling fact or statement, statistic, refer to occasion, place, historical event,
common knowledge, joke, definition (operational, own words, example,
dictionary), main idea, purpose

OUTLINE:

              Roman

              Sentence

Key word phrases > 3 x 5 cards

CONCLUSION: (Technique - don't quit)

Restate thesis, summarize important points, motivate response, closure

Example, quote, statistic, answer question, preview future, positive or
negative benefits, pose question, call for action, challenge, dramatic
statement, refer to occasion, history, place, common knowledge, recent
event, joke, story




                                 I hope it's
                                 break
                                 time!

								
To top