Lesson 1 What started WW1

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Lesson 1 What started WW1 Powered By Docstoc
					                What caused WW1?
WW1 began in August 1914. It was
triggered by the assassination of the
Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
by a member of the Serbian terrorist
group The Black Hand.

How did an assassination of an
Austrian by a Serbian suddenly start
a war that involved most of the major
European countries including
Austria-Hungary, France, Great
Britain, Germany, Italy and Russia?
What caused WW1?

Some thoughts and history…

• Economically and industrially, Great
Britain was the largest power with
colonies worldwide. France controlled
much of Northern Africa. Germany was
growing rapidly and seeking colonies
with resources to exploit.

• Militarily, Great Britain had a large
navy, but Germany was building a very
powerful and bigger navy. France,
Germany and Russia had large armies.
     What caused WW1?
Some more thoughts and history…

• Geographically, Germany is located between
France and Russia. Austria-Hungary is below
Germany.

• Historically, other European countries
forced Germany and Italy to divide after the
Napoleonic Wars. These two countries were
later reunified. France lost parts of its
territory to Germany during the Franco-
Prussian War. As well, Austria-Hungary took
control of Bosnia from Serbia. Germany,
Austria-Hungary and Russia each wanted to
control the Balkans…land along their shared
borders.
                    What caused WW1?
And even more thoughts and history…

• Strategically, Germany and Austria-
Hungary agreed to defend one another in
the event of an attack by Russia.

• To offset the threat from Germany,
France and Russia agreed to defend each
other in the event of a German attack.

• Great Britain did not want to be left out
of any power sharing. Great Britain and
France agreed to defend one another in
the event of a German attack.

• Finally, Italy signed a defensive
agreement with Germany and Austria-
Hungary.
                What caused WW1?
So, let us reconsider the question…

How did an assassination of an Austrian by a
Serbian suddenly start a war that involved
most of the major European countries
including Austria-Hungary, France, Great
Britain, Germany, Italy and Russia?

Using the information, what do you think?

Four reasons…
      • Alliances
      • Military expansion
      • Industry and colonial expansion
      (called Imperialism)
      • Nationalism (…my country first).
                   What caused WW1?
European Alliances --

Triple Entente included Great
Britain, France and Russia.
Serbia was allied with Russia.

Triple Alliance was Austria-
Hungary, Germany and Italy.

• What country would defend
what country when a Serbian
shot an Austrian?

• You are an Austrian. What
would you do after the
assassination?
 What caused WW1?
What happened next….

Austria-Hungary sent Serbia an ultimatum.
Austria-Hungary wanted to send its army into the
area to look for the Black Hand. Serbia said,
“No.”

Why did Serbia refuse?

…If the Austrian army entered Serbian, it would
never leave. Eventually, Austria could control all
of Serbia.

Would you have refused?
                         What caused WW1?




The next step….

Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

What did Serbia do?

Serbia asked Russia for help. Russia declared war on Austria-Hungary.

What did Austria-Hungary do?

Austria-Hungary asked for Germany’s help. Germany declared war on Russia.
Since France was a Russian ally, Germany also declared war on France. Germany
immediately invaded France.

Next, Great Britain declared war on Germany because Germany had crossed
through neutral Belgium to attack France…and WW1 began.
                  What caused WW1?
In summary….

One event in 1914, an assassination,
triggered the start of WW1. However,
there were four causes for the war.

• Everyone had big armies (Military).

• Everyone needed supplies to make their
industries work (Imperialism).

• Everyone thought their country was the
best (Nationalism).

• Countries had made deals to defend
each other (Alliances).

				
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posted:10/1/2012
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