Gustav Dore

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					                                        Gustave
                                           Doré
                                        Maria Starodubtseva
                                               Ph-51


       Lucifer is Cast Out of Heaven,
J. Milton’s “Paradise Lost” (1865-66)
          Contents
• Childhood

• “Journal pour rire”

• Creative work

• Main works
  – François Rabelais
  – Dante’s “Divine Comedy”
  – Cervantes’ “Don Quixote”
  – The Bible

• Some details
                                      Enide and The Countess,
• References                   A.Tennyson’s "Idylls of the King"
Doré, (Louis Auguste) Paul Gustave
    (6 Jan.1832 - 23 Jan.1883)
               • Born in Strasbourg, Elsase
               • Parents: Pierre-Louis-
                 Christophe Doré (engineer) and
                 Alexandrine Pluchare
               • At the age of five drew on every
                 piece of paper he could find
               • Caricatured parents, friends and
                 teachers
               • Studied at the Lycée
                 Charlemagne in Bourg-en-
                 Bresse
 “Le Journal Pour Rire” (Paris, 1848 -
                 51)
• Gustave came to Paris
  at 1847


• A 3-year contract: a
  drawing a week for
  Charles Philipon’s
  “Journal Pour Rire”


• Caricatures in
  lithography technique




                          A Great Exhibition of 1851
From caricature to illustration
                                 • Rested fame on wood
                                   engravings in 1852
                                 • Began from cheap editions

                                 • Self-education
                                    – Regularly visited:
                                        • art workshops
                                        • the Louvre
                                    – Studied engravings in the
                                      Bibliothéque Nationale

                                 • Drew in romantic style with:
                                    – attention to detail
                                    – amazing imagery
Lafontaine’s “The Grasshopper       – accuracy in depicting human
           and the Ant” (1867)        figures
     “Gargantua and Pantagruel”
               (1854)
• Illustrations full of
  grotesque and irony

• Human and bestial mixed

• New type of illustrated
  book: prints and text are
  closely bounded

• Alternation of picture size
  to show composition
  peculiarities of the work
«DIVINE COMEDY»
     (1961-69)
• Mysterious atmosphere
  of illustrations

• Each illustration as a
  separate picture




Hell, Dante’s “Divine Comedy” (1861)
    DIVINE COMEDY: Hell (1861)




• Michelangelo's tradition in drawing of hell
• Visual effect by peculiarities of composition and light
• Dark key
• Narrow space full of sinners’ figures
Divine Comedy: Purgatory
            • “Purgatory”s key is lighter
              than “Hell”s
            • Wide landscape with forest
              chiket and clear night sky
Divine Comedy: Paradise (1869)
• Illustrations are full of dazzle glitter
• Dante’s atmosphere of the poem
Don Quixote (1862-63)
         • Ridicule of knight novels (non-
           romantic tradition)
         • Predomination of Contour
         • Spanish nature and mode of
           life
         • Considered to be the best
           illustrations of “Don Quixote”
                                    The Bible (1864-66)
                                    • A group of engravers
                                      around Doré

                                    • A little chained and
                                      academic Illustration

                                    • Two types of prints:

                                       – The Old Testament –
                                         background and
                                         atmosphere
                                         predominate

                                       – The New Testament
                                         – dryly, lack of
New Jerusalem (The Old Testament)
                                         spontaneous vivacity
        Some details about Doré
The Death-Fires Danced at
Night, S.T.Coleridge’s      • Phenomenal memory (drew
“The Rime of the Ancient      without nature)
Mariner” (1875)
                            • Very prolific – woodcutts for over
                              90 books

                            • Could gain 10 000 francs per
                              morning making about 20
                              drawings

                            • Wanted to be a painter, but critics
                              didn’t receive him

                            • Could have illustrated “Demon”
                              and “Ruslan and Lyudmila”
    References
•   www.bibliadore.com
•   www.wikipedia.org
•   www.artnet.com
•   www.cgfa.dotsrc.org
•   www.all-art.org
•   www.doreillustrations.com
•   www.artpassions.net



                                Ch. Perrault’s “Sleeping Beauty”
                                                           (1861)
                                         Gustave
                                                   Doré
                                            Maria Starodubtseva
                                                   Ph-51


The 2nd Crusaders See the Remains of the 1st
Crusaders, “The History of the Crusaders” (1875)

				
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