• What do you know to be true?
• Make a list of 5 things that you believe to
be true (under “Reflections” in your
– Choose 2 or 3 of those things and write a
page explaining what those truths are
• Why is it True?
• Who taught you that Truth?
Allegory of The Cave
Literary Terms to Add (vocabulary
section of your commonplace book) :
• Allegory: an extended metaphor, a representation of
an abstract or spiritual meaning through material or
concrete forms; figurative treatment of one subject
under the guise of another. (synonyms are parable
• Satire: The literary art of ridiculing a folly or vice in
order to expose or correct it. The object of satire is
usually some human frailty; people, institutions,
ideas and things are all fair game. Satire evokes
attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn, or
indignation toward its faulty subject in hope of
somehow improving it.
The Parable of the Prodigal Son
• We will read this parable/allegory aloud,
then focus on the allegorical elements.
Truth VS Allegory (under Notes)
• Sometimes works are specifically
allegorical, though some are read as both
truth and symbol.
• The apple that Adam receives from Eve is
symbolic of the “knowledge of Good and
Evil” and is thus allegorical.
• The serpent is often read as an allegory
signifying the tempter, or true evil.
• A return to allegory in modern times has
happened in the film and comic book industries
• Superman, Spiderman, and Batman, for
example, are all allegorical representations of
• The evils they fight are the temptations to greed,
to violence and to behavior that will in other
ways disrupt society. Superheroes stand as both
the everyman and the guardian against evil.
For Plato, human beings live in a
world of visible and intelligible things
1. The visible world is what surrounds us:
what we see, what we hear, what we
experience – this visible world is a world of
change and uncertainty.
2. The intelligible world is made up of the
unchanging products of human reason:
anything arising from reason alone, such as
abstract definitions or mathematics, makes up
this intelligible world – this is the world of reality
(you need to write this down under “Notes” in
your Commonplace book)
• Disabuse—to free a person from error or
• Felicitate—to consider someone happy or
• Confer—to bestow upon or give to
• Append—to add as an accessory
What is your reality? (under
“Reflections” in your commonplace book)
• How many shadows are you mistaking for
• How many cave inhabitants are battling
you as you attempt to unshackle them and
show them a new reality?
• How do people decide what their
“meaning” in life is?
• Take notes:
– In the allegory, why did the chained prisoners
resist going up to the light themselves?
– What does it mean to be “open minded?”
How does one demonstrate an “open mind?”
– What is the value of having an “open mind?”
Find a quote from the allegory that addresses