Geography 237 Geographic Research: Methods and Issues by 8vV0Fl

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									            Geography 3250

   Geographic Research: Methods
            and Issues


            First Meeting

• Syllabus and course overview
• What’s research?
• What are methods?




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            Research

• What is research?




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    Is this research?
"Thinking about the monarchy's role here in Canada,
all things considered, do you think Canada should
preserve its formal constitutional connection with the
monarchy, or should Canada move to abolish its
formal constitutional connection with the monarchy?"




   Source: http://www.canadian-republic.ca/polls.html




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  Types of enquiry
Everyday Enquiry
 Evidence largely anecdotal or based on
  appeals to authority
 Assertions often causal ("A" does cause "B")
 Non-systematic
 Based on past experience and/or short-term
  enquiries
 Logical?
 Prediction without understanding

Scientific Enquiry
 Evidence from controlled observation
 Assertions usually probabilistic ("A"
   often/usually leads to/associated with "B")
 Systematic data collection and analysis
 Based on long-term enquiries
 Logical
 Prediction with understanding



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            Methods

• Identify 4 social science
  research methods
• Now classify them
  somehow




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            Methods Examples

• Secondary Data - e.g., statistically
  analyse municipal recycling data
• Content/Textual Analysis - e.g.,
  newspaper/media coverage on recycling
• Observation - e.g., observe recycling
  behaviours from a distance
• Participant Observation - e.g., join,
  and observe recycling advocacy group
• In-Depth Interviews - e.g., meaning
  of recycling/not recycling
• Surveys - e.g., reasons for
  recycling/not recycling in large sample of
  people




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            My Research




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            Syllabus

• Search “Jamie Baxter”
• Or go here:
     – http://publish.uwo.ca/~jba
       xter6/




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