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									                                            Creating Smart Objects          449

                                                                                      Book V
                                                                                     Chapter 5

                                                                                        Smart Objects
                                                                                        Working with
Figure 5-1: Create a Smart Object by placing your artwork into a
Photoshop file.

If your file is a native Illustrator or
PDF file, the Open as Smart Object
dialog box appears, asking you for
additional information, as shown in
Figure 5-2. If it’s a multipaged PDF,
you can select the page or image
you want placed. Select your crop-
ping options. Not sure what they
mean? Just select one and view the
thumbnail to see how the image
appears in relationship to the
page. By the way, you can also
select between a Small, Large, and Figure 5-2: When placing an Illustrator or
Fit Page thumbnail view.                PDF file, specify your options in the Open
                                             as Smart Object dialog box.
If you happen to deselect the
Create PDF Compatible File option
when saving your native Illustrator file, you see a nasty warning in the
Place PDF dialog box telling you to go back and resave your file with the
option checked and then place the file again. Don’t take it personally.
Illustrator was programmed based on PDF core code and sometimes
doesn’t like it when you strip it of the connection.
You can also select the image in Adobe Bridge and choose File➪Place➪
In Photoshop. See Book I, Chapter 4 for details on working with Bridge.
450   Creating Smart Objects

          3. Using the bounding box, trans-
             form (scale, rotate, and so on)
             your image to your desired
             dimensions and then position it
             on your canvas, as shown in
             Figure 5-3.
             Remember, you can rest assured
             that your transformations are
             applied without degrading the
             quality of your image.
             If your image is larger than the
             Photoshop canvas, it’s automati-
             cally sized to fit within the canvas    Figure 5-3: Transform and position your
             dimensions. If you need a refresher     image before committing it into your file.
             on transforming and moving, see
             Book III, Chapter 3.
             If you’re placing a PDF, EPS (most of them), or native Illustrator file,
             specify the Anti-Alias option on the Options bar. Select it to create a
             softer, blended edge. Deselect it to produce a hard edge.

          4. After you have your image the
                                                    Smart Object icon
             way you want it, you can double-
             click inside the bounding box,
             press Enter (Return on the Mac),
             or click the Commit (check mark
             icon) button on the Options bar.
             When the artwork is committed,
             the native file data is embedded
             into the Photoshop file, and the
             artwork is rasterized on its own
             layer. The Smart Object icon
             appears on those layers, as
             shown in Figure 5-4.
             If you change your mind and don’t
             want to commit the image, press
             Esc or click the Cancel button on      Figure 5-4: The Smart Object icon.
             the Options bar.

         Copying and pasting
         Before you copy and paste artwork from Illustrator into Photoshop as a
         Smart Object, be sure to check the PDF and AICB (no transparency sup-
         port) options in the File Handling and Clipboard preferences in Illustrator.
                                          Creating Smart Objects          451

Leave the default of Preserve Appearances and Overprints selected. By               Book V
doing so, you can control how your artwork is rasterized in Photoshop. If          Chapter 5
left deselected, Photoshop rasterizes the art without your vital input.
Follow these steps to copy and paste artwork as a Smart Object from

                                                                                      Smart Objects
                                                                                      Working with
Illustrator into Photoshop:

 1. Open your desired Adobe Illustrator file in Illustrator.
 2. Select your artwork and choose Edit➪Copy.
 3. Switch to Photoshop. Open your desired Photoshop document or cre-
    ate a new document.
 4. Choose Edit➪Paste.
 5. In the Paste dialog box, shown in Figure 5-5, select the Smart Object
    option and click OK.
    Your image is imported and appears in a
    bounding box, and the Layers panel shows
    that you pasted the image as a Smart Object,
    as shown in Figure 5-5.
 6. Using the bounding box, transform (scale,
    rotate, and so on) your image to your desired
    dimensions and position it on your canvas.
    Perspective, Distort, and Warp transforma-       Figure 5-5: Specify how you
    tions are unavailable to Smart Objects.          want the artwork pasted.

    Because you chose Smart Object in the Paste
    dialog box in Step 4, remember that you can transform your artwork
    without degrading it before you place it into Photoshop. Like with the
    Place command, the native file data is embedded into the Photoshop
    file, and the art is rasterized on its own layer after the artwork is
 7. Commit the artwork by double-clicking inside the bounding box,
    pressing Enter (Return on the Mac), or clicking the Commit (check
    mark icon) button on the Options bar.

Converting a layer into a Smart
Object and vice versa
If you want to convert a layer into a Smart Object, follow these steps:

 1. Select your desired layer in the Layers panel.
452   Creating Smart Objects

          2. Choose Layer➪Smart Objects➪Convert to Smart Object.
             You can also select the command from the Layers panel pop-up menu.
             After you convert a layer into a Smart Object, you see the Smart Object
             icon in the lower-right corner of the layer thumbnail.

         You can also convert a Smart Object into a layer. You may want to do this
         if you need to paint on your artwork.

         Follow these steps to make the conversion:

          1. Select your desired layer in the Layers panel.
          2. Choose Layer➪Rasterize➪Smart Object.
             Your Smart Object is rasterized at its current size, so be sure it’s the
             size you want before you execute the command. Your Smart Object icon
             disappears, and you’re left with a normal, run-of-the mill layer.

         Creating one Smart Object from another
         Sometimes, you may want to use one Smart Object as the basis for another.
         Depending on your needs, you can keep the new Smart Object linked to or
         unlinked from the original. If it remains linked, modifying the original auto-
         matically modifies the duplicate. If unlinked, you can modify the original
         without changing the duplicate. In addition, you’re free to change the dupli-
         cate without worrying about affecting the original.

         Follow these steps to create a Smart Object from another:

          1. Select the Smart Object layer in the Layers panel.
          2. Create a duplicate Smart Object that’s linked to or unlinked from the
              • An unlinked object: Choose Layer➪Smart Objects➪New Smart Object
                via Copy.
              • A linked object: Choose Layer➪New➪Layer via Copy.
             A new Smart Object layer appears in the Layers panel, as shown in
             Figure 5-6.

         You can also drag and release the Smart Object layer over the Create a New
         Layer icon at the bottom of the Layers panel. This action creates a duplicate
         Smart Object that’s linked.
                                                           Editing Smart Objects   453

                                                                                           Book V
                                                                                          Chapter 5

                                                                                             Smart Objects
                                                                                             Working with
       Figure 5-6: You can duplicate a Smart Object and either have it linked
       to or unlinked from its original.

Editing Smart Objects
       One of the great things about Smart Objects is that you can edit the con-
       tents, or source data. If the source content is a vector-based PDF, AI, or EPS
       file and was prepared in Illustrator, it opens in that program. If the source
       content is raster-based, a Camera Raw file or a vector file (like a shape layer)
       and created in Photoshop, the file opens in Photoshop. (For details on vec-
       tor versus raster images, see Book II, Chapter 1.)

       Follow these steps to edit the contents of a Smart Object:

        1. In your document, select the Smart Object layer in the Layers panel.
454   Editing Smart Objects

          2. Choose Layer➪Smart Objects➪Edit Contents.
             Or you can simply double-click the Smart Objects layer thumbnail in the
             Layers panel.
             A dialog box appears, telling you to save your changes and save the file
             in the same location.
          3. Click OK to close the dialog box.
             The Smart Object opens in the program in which it was created, either
             Illustrator or Photoshop.
          4. Edit your file ad nauseam.
          5. Choose File➪Save to incorporate the edits.
          6. Close your source file.
          7. Return to your Photoshop document, which contains your Smart
             If all goes as expected, all instances
             of the Smart Object are updated.
             For example, my butterflies went
             from purple in Figure 5-6 to blue in
             Figure 5-7.

         Replacing contents
         When replacing the contents of a Smart
         Object with new contents, you auto-
         matically update all instances of that
         Smart Object in your document, which
         can be a real productivity enhancer.
         Just follow these short steps:

          1. Select the Smart Object layer in
             the Layers panel.
          2. Choose Layer➪Smart                       Figure 5-7: The Photoshop document
             Objects➪Replace Contents.                automatically reflects any editing you do
                                                      to your Smart Object.
          3. In the Place dialog box, locate
             your new file and click the Place
          4. Click OK if you’re presented with a dialog box, and the new contents
             pop into place, replacing the old contents, as shown in Figure 5-8.
             All instances of that Smart Object are also updated in your document.
                                               Editing Smart Objects          455

    To replace the contents of a single                                              Book V
    instance of a Smart Object, you                                                 Chapter 5
    have to make sure that the Smart
    Object isn’t linked to other Smart

                                                                                       Smart Objects
                                                                                       Working with
    Objects. To create an unlinked
    Smart Object, select the Smart
    Object instance you want to
    change, choose Layer➪Smart
    Objects➪New Smart Object via
    Copy. Make your desired replace-
    ment and then delete the original
    Smart Object.

Exporting contents
You can export your Smart Object
and save it to a hard drive or external
media. Photoshop exports the contents Figure 5-8: I replaced the contents of
of your Smart Object in its original     my blue butterflies with that of a rarer
placed format, such as JPEG, native      species.
Illustrator (.ai), TIFF, PDF, and so on.
Follow these steps:

 1. Select the Smart Object in the Layers panel.
 2. Choose Layer➪Smart Objects➪Export Contents.
 3. In the Save dialog box, navigate to your destination and click Save.
    If your Smart Object was created from layers, it exports in the PSB for-
    mat. Remember, you can open the .psb file only in Photoshop. It won’t
    open in another program.

The last command in the Layer➪Smart Objects submenu is Stack Mode.
Unfortunately, this command is available only in the Extended version.
People in the science, forensics, medical, and pro video fields are probably
thrilled over its capabilities. How about the rest of us? Well, using image
stacks can help to decrease the noise in your images across multiple expo-
sures. In this case, noise can be defined not just as the grainy or wavy little
artifacts throughout your image, but also anything that you don’t want in the
picture — cars, birds, annoying people walking in front of your scenic shot.
If this sounds like something worthwhile for your workflow, it may be worth
checking out an upgrade.
456   Book V: Working with Layers
  Book VI
and Masks
I  f you have the basics down and are ready for
   something a little more challenging, this is
your book. Here, I help you start working with
channels and creating masks. Creating masks is
one of the most accurate ways to make a selection
and is especially useful in tackling more difficult

In this book, I show you different ways of creating
a mask, from quick masks to layer masks to chan-
nel masks. If you’ve ever flung your mouse or sty-
lus pen in frustration because you couldn’t select
the hair on your loved one’s photo, you’ll be well-
served by reading this book and getting up to
speed on masking techniques.

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