AP Biology Graphing Assignment - DOC by xakJDHF

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									                               AP Biology Graphing Assignment
Problem 1
Temperatures were obtained in November in a fairly arid area of Nevada. At two different sites, temperature
readings were taken at a number of heights above and below the soil surface. One site was shaded by a juniper
(a plant) whereas the other was not.
                                                   Table 1
           Condition             Height in cm from     Temp. in Co -          Temp in Co –
                                 soil surface          Beneath Forest         Unshaded Field
                                                       Cover
           Air                   150                   18                     20
           Air                   90                    18                     21
           Air                   60                    18                     20
           Air                   30                    18                     21
           Soil surface          0                     16                     33
           Humus                 -6                    12                     19
           Mineral               -15                   9                      15
           Mineral               -30                   7                      12

Construct a line graph and plot the data




   1.   What is the independent variable?


   2.   What conclusion can be drawn from this data and graph?



   3.   Which condition showed the greatest difference between forest cover and unshaded areas?
Problem 2
A researcher interested in the disappearance of fallen leaves in a deciduous forest carried out a field experiment
that lasted nearly a year. She collected all the leaves from 100 plots scattered throughout the forest. She
measured the amount of leaves present in November, May and August. The percentages reflect the number of
leaves found, using the November values as 100 percent. Complete the table by calculating the missing
percentages

                                                           Table 2
           Collection      Ash            Beech          Elm            Hazel           Oak            Willow
           Date
           November        4271g          3220g          3481g          1723g           5317g          3430g
                           100%           100%           100%           100%            100%           100%
           May             2431g          3190g          1739g          501g            4401g          1201g
                           57%            99%                %              %           83%            35%
           August          1376g          2285g          35g            62g             1759g          4g
                           32%            71%                %              %           33%            0.1%

Construct a line graph for the ash and elm leaves




   1.   Which leaves showed the greatest change from Nov to May?

   2.   What possible explanation could you give for the difference in the percentage of Beech and Willow leaves remaining?




   3.   At what rate did the elm leaves disappear?
Problem 3

A species of insect has been accidentally introduced from Asia into the US. The success of this organism
depends on its ability to find a suitable habitat. The larval stage is very sensitive to changes in temperature,
humidity and light intensity. Exposure to situations outside the tolerance limits results in a high mortality
(death) rate. Study the data table below.

                                                              Table 3

                Temp.           Mortality         Relative           Mortality          Light           Mortality
                 (oC)             (%)           Humidity(%)            (%)          intensity (fc)        (%)
                  15              100               100                 80               300                0
                  16               80                90                 10               400                0
                  17               30                80                  0               600               10
                  18               10                70                  0               800               15
                  19                0                60                  0              1000               20
                  20                0                50                 50              1200               20
                  21                0                40                 70              1400               90
                  22                0                30                 90              1600               95
                  23               20                20                100              1800              100
                  24               80                10                100              2000              100
                  25              100                 0                100

On the graphs, plot line graphs for the effects of temperature and humidity of mortality rates.




Problem 3:
   1. Give your best possible explanation of the environment that this insect probably lived in Asia.




    2.   At what temperature did the insect thrive best at? What humidity?


    3.   Would the organism survive in an environment such as 18◦ C, 20 % humidity, and 200 foot candles? Why or why
         not?
Problem 4
A team of scientists wanted to test the effects of temperature on the germination rate of pinto beans. They placed three
sets of 100 pinto bean seeds in temperature controlled chambers: Chamber A was set at 15o C, chamber B at 20oC, and
chamber C at 25oC. Their results are shown in Table 4 below:

                                                            Table 4
                                     Germination Rates of Pinto Beans
                          % Germination              % Germination               % Germination
             Day
                             (15o C)                    (20o C)                     (25o C)
              0                 0                          0                           0
              2                 2                         10                          10
              4                10                         30                          50
              6                20                         40                          80
              8                20                         60                          90
              10               35                         70                          90

Construct a line graph from the above data on one set of axes.




   1.   What possible conclusion could be made from this data and graph?



   2.   Give a biological reason of why there was a higher germination rate a 25 degrees compared to 15 degrees.



   3.   What is germination?
General Graphing Rules
A graph shows the information from the table in visual form that is easily interpreted. Graph titles will be
similar to table titles. Show units on axes, title and use a key if there are multiple lines. Range must include
smallest and largest numbers on the axis, scale should be uniform (unless you’re using a log scale).

          Types of graphs:
          Bar: use to compare things
          Line: use to show continuous change (often over time)
          For line graphs, you will either connect your data points or make a best-fit line


Each Graph should include

1: MAIN TITLE Describes what the graph is about (possibly in a complete sentence). It usually describes a
relationship or correlation between the independent and dependent variables. Place the MAIN TITLE above the
graph

2: INDEPENDENT VARIABLE or the factor the experimenter controls/changes. Include units if applicable.
[Graph on the x-axis.]

3: DEPENDENT VARIABLE or the factor that responds to changes in the independent variable. What you
measure and record. Include units if applicable.
[Graph the data on y-axis.]

A good graph can be understood without any additional information!

								
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