AP osition Paper Outline by Q9Pg4wvt

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									               Why and How to Create a Useful Outline

Why create an outline?

       Aids in the process of writing
       Helps you organize your ideas
       Presents your material in a logical form
       Shows the relationships among ideas in your writing
       Constructs an ordered overview of your writing
       Defines boundaries and groups

How do I create an outline?

       Determine the purpose of your paper.
       Determine the audience you are writing for.
       Develop the thesis of your paper.

Then:

       Brainstorm: List all the ideas that you want to include in your paper.
       Organize: Group related ideas together.
       Order: Arrange material in subsections from general to specific or from
        abstract to concrete.
       Label: Create main and sub headings.

Remember: creating an outline before writing your paper will make organizing
your thoughts a lot easier. Whether you follow the suggested guidelines is up to
you, but making any kind of outline (even just some jotting down some main
ideas) will be beneficial to your writing process.
                               Developing an Outline

Four Main Components for Effective Outlines
Ideally, you should follow these four suggestions to create an effective outline.

Parallelism - How do I accomplish this?

Each heading and subheading should preserve parallel structure. If the first
heading is a noun, the second heading should be a noun. Example:

             I.       Choose Desired Colleges
             II.      Prepare Application

("Choose" and "Prepare" are both verbs.)

Coordination - How do I accomplish this?
All the information contained in Heading 1 should have the same significance as
the information contained in Heading 2. The same goes for the subheadings
(which should be less significant than the headings). Example:

             I.       Visit and evaluate college campuses
             II.      Visit and evaluate college websites
                              A. Note important statistics
                              B. Look for interesting classes

(Campus and websites visits are equally significant, as are statistics and classes
found on college websites.)

Subordination - How do I accomplish this?

The information in the headings should be more general, while the information in
the subheadings should be more specific. Example:

             I.       Describe an influential person in your life
                         A. Favorite high school teacher
                         B. Grandparent

(A favorite teacher and grandparent are specific examples of influential people.)

Division - How do I accomplish this?

Each heading should be divided into two or more parts. Example:

        I.         Compile resume
                     A. List relevant coursework
                     B. List work experience
                     C. List volunteer experience
                         Position Paper Outline

Below is a generic sample outline for a position paper:

I. Introduction
            A. Introduce the topic
            B. Get the readers’ attention by using a "hook."
            C. Provide background information on the topic
            D. Assert the thesis (your view of the issue)

II. Counter Argument (It can be placed here or before the conclusion)
           A. Summarize the counterclaims
           B. Provide supporting information for counterclaims
           C. Refute the counterclaims
           D. Give evidence for argument

III. First argument or reason to support your position:
             A. Topic sentence asserting point #1 of your claims
                   1. Give your educated and informed opinion
                   2. Provide support using reliable sources
                   3. Comment on evidence given
                   4. Write a concluding sentence to wrap up your idea


IV. Second argument or reason to support your position:
          A. Topic sentence asserting point #2 of your claims
                 1. Give your educated and informed opinion
                 2. Provide support using reliable sources
                 3. Comment on evidence given
                 4. Write a concluding sentence to wrap up your idea


V. Third argument or reason to support your position:
            A. Topic sentence asserting point #3 of your claims
                  1. Give your educated and informed opinion
                  2. Provide support using reliable sources
                  3. Comment on evidence given
                  4. Write a concluding sentence to wrap up your idea

VI. Conclusion
           A. Summary of main points or reasons
           B. Restate your argument
           C. Provide a plan of action but do not introduce new information

								
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