Fragrance is one of the volatile with particular aroma. Modern perfume (alcoholic perfume) has been used since 14th century as one of the cosmetics. Now, there are three categorization of fragrance substances: a. Natural fragrance, it is fragrance substance that is distilated or extracted from plant and animal organs; b. Synthetic fragrance, it is the duplication of natural fragrance; c. Innovative fragrance, it is the fragrance combination of natural and synthetic fragrance added with unique essences. Natural fragrance essence is natural product. For example, fragrance essence that is extracted from roses, jasmine, and ylang-ylang. Natural fragrance essence is limited both its quantity and its variety. The perfume spread in market consists of thousand of synthetic fragrance essences with the performance of natural fragrance essences. There are there method in making synthetic fragrance essences: a. By making different essences, but having the similar aroma to natural fragrance essences; b. By making new brand aromatic essences which we can not find in nature; c. By making complex essence facilitated with complex aroma as well. Basically, perfume consists of alcoholic ethyl (50%-90%), aquades (5%- 20%), and fragrance essence (10%-30%). According to its composition, there appears following terms: Perfume. It is the combination of a great number of fragrance essences (almost 100% pure). Its fragrance essences is spread out when it is put on skin to set the good aroma free. As the alcoholic contain is low, the aroma of fragrance essences is long-lasting. Eau de Perfume. It is the combination of lower fragrance essences contain than perfume. Eau de Toilette. It is light perfume, softer, and consists of fragrance essence lower than eau de perfume. Cologne. It is mixed with high-concentration of alcoholic composition that it can result in relax atmosphere of perfume, more economic, and the most popular of all. Eau Fraiche. The containing of fragrance essence is very low and it is used by spraying around the skin after taking a bath. Fragrance essence is also added in powder, shampoo, detergent, soap, hair spray, room freshener, and deodorant, softening cream, and face cleanser. The range of fragrance essence in this product is 0.5%-5%.
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