forming a sentence forming a sentence forming a sentence
[ noun + adjectives + adverbs ]+ verbs / verbals + object = sentence
SUBJECT VERB OBJECT/COMPLEMENT
noun active noun
pronoun passive pronoun
gerund gerund gerund
infinitive infinitive infinitive
clauses causative clauses (relative & noun)
(relative & that clause
adjectives occur in a variety of structures,
- usually used predicatively
- changing of meaning of noun
- post posed adj
- used like noun phrase
adverbs modify ;
- the whole sentence
- the verbs
- restrincting, view point, fosucing
- intensifier (degree, emphasier, amplifiers)
verbs active gerund, infinitive, causative
passive gerund,participle, infinitive, causative
clause a clause is essential to the clear understanding of
the noun or give additional information.
A) adjective clause
define and non-define clauses.
- define clause can be reduced in three constructions;
a) active construction- ing participle
b) passive contruction- ed participle
c) to invinitive
- non -define clause comes into preposing place for reduction.
B) noun clause
- some conjunctions are used in noun clause which
may function like a noun or noun phrase.
- noun clause is a construction that's a alternative to noun phrase
- report statements, giving additional informations, presenting
- actual information are function to noun clause.
- that, whether, wh word are subject to noun clausees conjuntions,
- it can be reduce by using infinitive phrases,
- also subjunctive form is used in noun clause.
C) adverbial clause
proves to the basic relation between main clause and
subordinate clause. more important point is indicated
by subordinating the less important point.
participle may replace adverbial or adjectival clauses.
active and passive are important elements in deciding
whic form of a participle to use.
in conclusion ;
SENTENCE VARIETY, expressing the same idea with using a variety
structures and expressions.
below STRUCTUREs used to express relations between ideas.
ideas and expressions.
1) sentence connectors
contrast, result, addition, explanation, similarity
particularization, emphasis, reformulation, correction,
transition, summation, others.
2) prepositional phrases
3) adverbial clauses
4) participles, reductions,
- subordinating conjunctions
a) adverbial conj.
time, place, reason, contrast, result, purpose, manner
degree, condition, comparision
b) relative pronous
who, which, that
- coordinators and correlatives
and, or, so, but, for, …...not only.. but also
- if no connectives are used to join two clauses,
"reduction" can be used.
reduction is important to written english and is made
either deleting verb "be" or using participles
[ed- ing- to infinitive]
forming a sentence
s + object = sentence
lauses (relative & noun)
osing place for reduction.
a alternative to noun phrase
o noun clausees conjuntions,
g the same idea with using a variety
ress relations between ideas.