Federalism

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					Federalism
 Advocates – It allows for political
  flexibility and assures individual rights
 Opponents - state governments can
  block national actions, prevent
  progress, and protect local interests.
  Examples – slavery and segregation
    10. Explain the concept of
           Federalism
   Federalism is a political system in
    which power is shared between local
    units of government - states – and a
    national government
11. Evolution of Federalism-

   10th Amendment -“The powers not
    delegated to the U.S. by the
    Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
    States, are reserved to the States
    respectively, or to the people.”
   Interpretation has been inconsistent
 Some clauses are clearly explained
  other clauses are vague
 Framers included the so-called elastic
  clause – “To make all Laws which
  shall be necessary and proper for
  carrying into Execution in the
  foregoing Powers” Article I Section 8 Clause 18
1.   McCulloch v. Maryland – 1819 Federal
     gov’t supreme
2.   Gibbons v. Ogden – 1824 – clarified the
     difference between intrastate and
     interstate commerce – defined very
     broadly
3.   Nullification – suggests that states had the
     right to declare null & void a federal law
     that a state considered unconstitutional
 4. Dual Federalism – each
  governments supreme in their sphere
 5. Devolution – an effort by the
  national government to return some
  powers back to the states. Ex. – Block
  grants
 6. Cooperative federalism – sharing
  powers, policy, costs, and
  administration
Federalism & State Monies

   Grants-in-aid –
   1. Categorical grants – grants for specific
    purposes – matching funds are sometimes
    required. Ex. Building a college dormitory
   2. Block grants- support broad programs –
    few strings attached Ex. – money for
    Welfare programs
    12. Federal controls on state
       government activities*

 Conditions of aid – Federal gov’t tells
  states what activities and policies
  must be in order to receive grant
  money*
 Mandates – federal gov’t imposes its
  will outside the context of the grant.
  Ex. – civil rights & environmental
  protection*
Figure 3.2: The
Changing
Purpose of
Federal Grants
to State and
Local
Governments


Source:    Budget of the U.S     .
Government, Fiscal year 2001, table
       Federal Responsibilities
            to the States
 1. Republican form of
  Government
 2. Invasion and Internal Disorder

 3. Respect for Territorial Integrity
States’ Obligations to Each
Other
 1. Interstate Compacts
 2. Full Faith and Credit

 3. Extradition

 4. Privileges and Immunities

				
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posted:10/1/2012
language:English
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