CONCEPT NOTE - PowerPoint by 5T50Mu5c

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									  CONCEPT NOTE

SUPPORT FOR THE
MECHANISATION OF
RICE PRODUCTION
             INTRODUCTION
• MoFA policies, (FASDEP II & METASIP)
  Strategies to modernise agricultural
  sector through
   –mechanisation
   –income diversification
• Targets - poor and risk prone and risk-
  averse producers.
     INTRODUCTION CON’TD
Rice - one of the selected
 commodities.
Targets
 ◦ 80 % small scale rice farmers and
 ◦ 20% emergent commercial rice
   farmers (METASIP & NRDS).
       INTRODUCTION CON’TD
• Rice sector specific objectives:
  – Improving the capacity of local rice industry
    to compete with imported rice in terms of
    price and quality.
  – Increasing the market share of local rice as
    against imported rice
  – Establish strategic stocks in rice.
       INTRODUCTION CON’TD
Interventions Proposed (METASIP)
• Assist Private Sector to set-up commercially
  viable Agricultural Mechanization Services
  Enterprise Centres (AMSECs) at strategic
  locations.
• Purpose: enhancing farmers and agro-
  processors accessibility to mechanise services
  at affordable cost
               JUSTIFICATION
• Raise the self-sufficiency
  – 35% to about 75% by 2015
  – agricultural mechanisation seen as one of the
    vehicles.
• average age of tractors in use - 15 years.
• Most farming districts and communities do
  not have access to agricultural machinery for
  all stages of crop production.
         JUSTIFICATION CON’TD
 The current high level of farm losses of
  produce(30%)
  - partly attributable to limited and untimely
  availability of agricultural machines
 farm power relies overwhelmingly on human
  muscle power (hoe and other hand tools).
 Hence
 ◦ Serious limitations on amount of land cultivated per
   family
 ◦ Reduces and limits the effectiveness of essential farm
   operations thereby reducing crop yields.
          JUSTIFICATION CON’TD
• large scale investment in agricultural
  mechanisation services
    • medium to large commercial farmers.
    • Few tractor hire schemes meant for small scale
      farmers not effectively utilised

• The way forward
    – ensure availability of appropriate equipment through
      private distributors and service providers
•
      JUSTIFICATION CON’TD
– Ministry’s Accelerated Agricultural Mechanisation
  policy - 5,000 tractors ( 30-50kW) made available
  to farmers and other private sector operators.

– Use of KR2 (Japanese grant) to support
  underprivileged rice farmers’

– This Concept Note seeks to offer options for a
  large scale replication of the Scheme.
   POTENTIAL INTERVENTION ZONES
        AND TARGET GROUPS
Zones
 By growing systems
 ◦ irrigated, rainfed-lowland and upland,
 Potentially high rice producing districts

Targeted groups
 farmers, machine fabricators and repairers, processors
  and millers, traders, transporters (haulers), local
  researches
 Beneficiaries with high willingness and commitment
 OBJECTIVES - Main Objective

To accelerate modernisation
and commercialisation of rice
production through expanded
use of mechanisation services
            Specific Objectives

1. To enhance the use of agricultural machinery to
   improve the timeliness and efficiency of farm
   operations to commercialise rice production.
2. To provide support for private sector led
   entrepreneurship and investment in agricultural
   machinery management, maintenance, and
   service provision.
3. Build capacity of experts and technicians for
   improved operations and maintenance of
   agricultural machinery.
      COMPONENTS & OUTPUTS

  COMPONENTS             OUTPUTS
                  1.1Private sector to own
1. Enhancing      agricultural machinery
Agricultural      plant pools collaborated
                  with.
Machinery Usage   1.2 Mechanism for the 20%
                  large scale actors along the
                  value chain to acquire or
                  lease agricultural
                  machinery subsidies and
                  credit facilitated.
       COMPONENTS & OUTPUTS

  COMPONENTS           OUTPUTS
2. Equipment     2.1 Maintenance cycles
                 for sets of equipment
Maintenance      drawn and operated
and              2.2 Capacity of
Management       specialised garages to
                 maintain the
                 machinery identified
                 and built.
       COMPONENTS & OUTPUTS

  COMPONENTS             OUTPUTS
                 3.1. Academic and research
3. Capacity      institutions to run short
Building and     courses in agricultural
                 machinery (assembling,
Farm Power       fabrication and maintenance)
                 supported.
R&D              3.2. Capacity of RTIU of AESD
                 to develop extension
                 dissemination modules of R &
                 D findings strengthened.
       COMPONENTS & OUTPUTS

  COMPONENTS                OUTPUTS
                  4.1. Capacity of 50 -100 local artisans
4. Artisanal      and entrepreneurs to manage the
                  assembling/fabrication plants built
Development and
Fabrication of    4.2 Experts to collaborate with
Machinery and     relevant manufacturers to develop
                  machinery prototypes in joint efforts
Parts             trained.
                  4.3 Design modifications in
                  machinery prototypes to reduce the
                  local manufacturing and production
                  costs incorporated
                 ACTIVITIES
• Facilitate fabricators' access to credit to
  establish/expand machinery pools
• Ensuring that assembling/fabrication centres
  are appropriated sited
• Generate commercial demand for the locally
  produced prototypes through promotional
  activities and demonstrations through Fairs
  and exhibitions.
          ACTIVITIES CON’TD

• Build capacity of fabricators in the
  manufacture of appropriate machinery and
  equipment for the rice sector
• Identify rice machinery operators and
  mechanics for training
• Conduct training-needs assessment and
  develop training modules
           ACTIVITIES CON’TD
• Train selected mechanics on maintenance of
  machinery like tractor, power tillers, pumps,
  mills, threshers, par-boilers, cleaners etc.
• Set up a collaborative mechanism with the
  engineering faculties of relevant institutions
  for research and training.
• Organise scheduled in-service training for
  MoFA staff on the use of agricultural
  machinery.
    COSTING AND FINANCING



• Estimated Amount needed -
  $100m
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY OF THE
           PROJECT
 Typical PPP arrangement
 Government initiates & facilitates importation of the
  machines
 Private sector entrepreneurs acquire and operate as
  business enterprise.
 Oversight committee set up to ensure commitment of
  repayment
 Committee composition - representatives of MoFA,
  Financial Institution, Mechanised Services Centres,
  Farmer Representatives and District Assembly.
     PROJECT ORGANISATION AND
           MANAGEMENT
• Execution led by MoFA through
   – steering committee
      • national level.
      • District level.
• Committees co-chaired by
   – Ministry Rep and
   – Private sector Rep.
   MONITORING AND EVALUATION


M & E system designed for the project.
 ◦ data required to be collected defined
 ◦ Indicators outlined

logical framework
                 RISKS
Inflation and lending rate
Effects of Climate change & disasters
Lack of factors such as
 ◦ improved seeds, rainfall, GAP
Inability to fabricate or stock back up
 parts
Government inability to source enough
 funds
 THANK YOU

AMEN & AMEN

								
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