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Survival Skills

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									   BCM-02-04
Station New York
         Cold Water Survival
• Length of time a person can stay in cold
  water depends on:
  – Temperature of the water,
  – Physical condition of the survivor,
  – The action taken by the survivor.
     • Swimming reduces a persons change of survival due
       to more rapid loss of body heat.
 How Hypothermia Affects Most Adults

Water Temp (oF)   Exhaustion or     Expected Survival
                  Unconsciousness   Time
32.5              Under 15 min      <15 - 45 min
33 – 40           15 - 30 min       30 - 90 min
40 – 50           30 - 60 min       1 - 3 hrs
50 – 60           1 - 2 hrs         1 - 6 hrs
60 – 70           2 - 7 hrs         2 - 40 hrs
70 – 80           2 - 12 hrs        3 to indefinite
Over 80           Indefinite        Indefinite
     Factors that Increase The Threat of
                Hypothermia
•   Injuries
•   Prolonged Exposure
•   Sea Spray
•   Air Temperature
•   Wind Chill Factor
 Skills for Surviving Cold Water
            Immersion
• Wear warm clothing covering head, neck,
  hands and feet.
• Wear PFD if not a mustang (required for
  water temps under 60o F).
• Avoid entering water, if have to use proper
  technique.
• Before entering water button up clothing,
  locate whistle and rescue gear.
    More Cold Water Survival
• Use Heat Escape Lessening Position -
  HELP
• Try to locate survivors, equipment, or
  sinking boat.
• DO NOT swim!
Annual Water Temps            (oF)


    •   Winter =   35 to 45
    •   Spring =   45 to 55
    •   Summer =   60 to 80
    •   Fall   =   70 to 50
             Hypothermia
• Caused by loss of body heat.
• Can be fatal if not treated.
• Air temperatures can cause hypothermia.
Symptoms               & Signs
•   Low body temperature   • Skin is Cold
•   Low blood pressure     • Shivering
•   Slow, weak pulse       • Clouded mental
                             capacity
•   Unconsciousness
                           • Breathing Slow and
•   General Appearance       Labored
•   Cold Skin              • Weak, Slow pulse
•   May cause shock        • Dilated pupils
                           • Slurred speech
                 Treatment
•   Check heartbeat and breathing
•   Remove wet clothes
•   Give Dry clothes and blankets
•   Put in warm environment.
•   Do not give food or water.
•   Treat for shock and call EMS.

								
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