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					Study Skills
Junior Cert History and Business
Contents
•   Focus on History
•   Business Studies at Junior Cert
•   Tips for Studying
•   Taking Notes
•   Stimulating Interest
History Second Year Course
 The Age of Exploration

 The Reformation

 Plantations in Ireland

• Revolutionary Movements

 The Industrial Revolution and
  the Famine

Nearly everyone attempts the
Higher Level Paper at JC.
Special Studies
• A leader of a voyage of exploration

• A religious reformer

• One plantation in detail

• One revolutionary leader

• Life in a factory town in Britain
  and life in rural Ireland
Key to Success
3 Cs
• Causes – why did it happen?

• Course – what happened?

• Consequences – what were the results?

Follow the principle of UNDERSTANDING the
causes, course and consequences. Get events in the
right order!
          Myths                             Facts

• I have to write so much   • Marks are awarded for the quality
  in history.                 of your answers not their length.
• You have to be good at    • There are absolutely no marks lost
  spelling and grammar.       for poor spelling or grammar
• My presentation is not    • No marks are lost for presentation.
  good.                       It makes no harm to make a good
• History is all about        impression though!!
  dates.                    • There are no marks awarded or lost
                              for dates in your answers. The key
                              is getting events in the right order
Business - A few points
• Most students do higher level but JC
  Business is a long course and a
  significant number of students do
  ordinary level.

• Main factor is that while the theory
  section is manageable a lot of students
  find accounting very difficult.

• Very practical course where questions
  often contain some element of maths –
  not just accounting.
• Good news is the maths is usually
  straightforward.
• Students expected to fill in documents,
  do reports, etc.

Key to success is PRACTICE, PRACTICE
and more PRACTICE.
Second Year Course - Business
•   Theory                 •   Accounting
•   Marketing              •   Introduction to double entry
•   Business Insurance     •   Business Documents
•   People at work         •   Books of First entry
•   Finance for business   •   Creditors and Debtors Ledger
•   Business Plan          •   Analysed Cash Book
•   Business Banking       •   General Journal
•   Delivery Systems       •   Control Accounts
Accounts – a few points
• Presentation is important.
• Each transaction has two entries – one debit
  (left- hand side), one credit (right-hand side).
• Credit the giving and debit the receiving
• Another approach - Follow the money!!!! –
  credit account paying the money (source
  account) and debit the account receiving the
  money
• All accounts must balance.
• Do rough work in a separate copy.
Accounting Process
                       Enter transaction in Books of First Entry

Sales + Purchases Day Books / General Journal                     Cash Book




                                       Post to Ledger

               General Ledger                           Debtors Ledger Creditors Ledger




                                   Extract Trial Balance




                                  Prepare Final Accounts
         Trading and Profit and Loss                             Balance Sheet
 How to study for History / Business
Start by revising by TOPIC.

PREVIEW the text. Start
with a quick skim of the
chapter.

Note section headings,
key concepts and words, etc.
Adopt an active approach:
• LOOK for answers to the key
  questions that help us understand
  the topic.

• READ the chapter with these
  questions in mind. Use a pen and
  make brief notes.

Do not write out the book.
Adopt an active approach:
• TEST yourself on the material
  that you have studied e.g. do
  questions from the end of the
  chapter or from past papers.

Extremely important in
Business Studies.

• ONGOING REVIEW
  Briefly go over the material
  you have studied a week later
  and then a month later.
Key Questions – Studying Martin Luther
Key Questions                          Answers
Why was Luther unhappy with
the church?

What did Luther do that made him
famous?

What was the reaction of the Church?
What happened at the Diet of Worms?
What were the main beliefs in
his church?

How did Luther’s beliefs spread?
What effects did his actions
have?
 Try and make notes useful!
 Organise notes by year and then
  by topic.

 Notes should be summaries and
  not too detailed.

 Write your notes in your own
  words and use examples where
  relevant.

 Use pictures and a highlighter
  pen to give your notes a
  memorable appearance

 Make sure to explain key terms
  and concepts
Term Rich Environment!
 Key terms - Luther Explanation

 Justification by faith
 alone

 Indulgences

 95 Theses

 Papal Bull

 Diet and Edict of
 Worms
Key People           Role
John Tetzel


Pope Leo X


Charles V


Frederick the Wise
Business - Insurance
Key Concepts        Definition – in your own words!!

Policy

Proposal Form

Utmost Good Faith

Indemnity

Subrogation

Contribution

Average Clause      N.B. Be able to calculate

Assurance

Policy excess

Premium
Types of Insurance – www.axa.ie
Type                   Bus   H’hold   Definition

Motor

Life Assurance

PRSI

House Insurance

Public Liability

Health Insurance

Consequential Loss

Employer’s liability

Product Liability

Goods in transit
Spider Diagram: Causes of the
Reformation
                            Abuses -
                             SNAP




                                                  Humanist
        Renaissance
                                                   writers


                           causes




                 Wealthy
                 Church                Printing Press
                                           Market
                                          Research


                   Product
                                                                    Price
                 development




                                     Marketing                                           Marketing
Direct Selling                                                                   Place
                                     Satisfying                                          Summary
                                     customer
                                       needs
                                     profitably


      Promotion                                                             Product




                                                        Market
                          Target Market
                                                     Segmentation
Outline Format – US War of Independence
A. Causes of the War of Independence:

a.   Stamp Act – “No taxation without Representation”
b.   Boston Massacre
c.   Boston Tea Party
d.   Continental Congress
e.   Lexington and Concord

B. Main events...etc. – incl. Role of Washington


C. Consequences of the War
Diagram – Origins of Plantation
Finance Mind Map
Stimulating Interest
• Read outside the box!!
• Visit historical sites
• Use the Internet
E.g. - Business
www.bbc.co.uk/news/business - very professional
www.skoool.ie – very good for revision
www.rte.ie/news/business - keep up to date
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/busin
  ess/- good for revision.
Any major company will have an excellent
  Website!!

				
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posted:10/1/2012
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