Effective Resumes and Cover Letters by bZxSQd5


									Presented by Renee Burrell
         Career Counselor
Overview of Resumes
Resume Purpose and Function
Resume Components
Resume Content
Resume Formats
Resume Do’s and Don’ts
Resume Purpose and Function
Summary of relevant experience, education,
 and skills
Utilized for a variety of reasons, but
 typically to apply for a job
An opportunity to interest an employer,
 introduce yourself, and get an interview
Marketing tool tailored to each position
Resume Components (required)
3 sections must be included:
  Contact Information
Resume Components (optional)
Several optional sections can be included
Most popular for college graduates:
  Study Abroad
  Volunteer Experience
  Extracurricular Activities
Contact Information
Name, address, phone number, and email
Can use local and permanent address
Make sure voicemail and email are
Can include LinkedIn profile, Twitter, Blog
 if appropriate
Located at top of resume
Include degree, degree awarding
 institution, and expected graduation date
Include GPA if over 3.5
Can include study abroad experience,
 special coursework, thesis and honors and
Do not include high school, community
 college is optional
Include job title, name of company,
 location, dates of employment, description
 of responsibilities & results produced
Doesn’t have to be paid experience
  Unpaid internships, volunteer experience, class
   projects, student organization work
Include information that supports job
 objective – be specific
Experience cont’d
Use accomplishment statements to describe
 experience: P.A.R. (Problem-Action-Result)
Did you:
   Achieve same results with fewer resources?
   Improve a task, function or process?
   Initiate a new undertaking?
   Surpass accepted standards?
Accomplishment Statements
 Emphasize accomplishments related      to target job
 Action verb + Object + Context+ Results Produced
 Quantify whenever possible
 Ex: “Improved service efficiency and customer
  satisfaction by 20% by streamlining responses to
  customer requests”
 Ex: “Managed $3,500 budget for Associated
  Students group for 2010-2011 academic year,
  resulting in 20% increase in events offered to
Concise and specific
Include position and organization
Can mention a few qualifications
Not necessary if job objective is obvious
Locate under contact information above
Ex: To obtain a network consulting internship with
 AT&T, utilizing my programming skills, Internet
 experience, and creative talent.
Most common skills listed Computer and
  Languages : Specify language and degree of
   fluency (Fluent, Conversational or Basic)
  Computer: Name both hardware and software
   and skill level (Proficient, Intermediate or Basic)
Skill section located at bottom of resumes
Summary of Qualifications Content
Typically a list of qualifications describing
 training, years of relevant experience, and
 projects developed related to objective
Best used for someone with at least 5 years
 Professional Experience
Located at top to draw immediate attention
 to relevant skills
Resume Formats
3 Types of formats
Chose a format that best highlights relevant
 qualifications for position
Lists experience in reverse chronological order:
 most recent position to least recent
Highlights accomplishments within each
Works best when experience related to
Not recommended for individuals with
 employment gaps or lack of experience
Recruiters/employers often prefer this format
Experienced grouped under skill headings
Accomplishments are listed in order of
 relevance rather than chronological
Draws attention to accomplishments rather
 than job titles
Good choice for career changers or gaps in
 employment history
Work history is listed at the bottom
Combination of Chronological and Functional
Experience described in reverse chronological
 order under Skill Heading groups (Teaching,
Works well if there are themes to experience
Employers can easily identify relevant skill sets
Resume Do’s
Use active verbs to describe accomplishments
 (initiated, coordinated)
Target your resume to each position
Use BOLD, underline, italics and bullet points
 to highlight areas to emphasize
Limit your resume to one page if a new grad or
 if limited experience
Proofread, Proofread, Proofread! – check for
 grammar or spelling mistakes
Resume Don’ts
Don’t include personal information (social
 security number, marital status, citizenship, etc.)
Don’t include hobbies (unless relevant), political,
 or religious affiliations
Don’t include references (use a separate page)
Don’t include salary history
Don’t use a difficult to read font style and size
Don’t make margins too small. Skinny jeans are
 in, but skinny margins are NOT!
Cover Letter Overview
Purpose and Function
Purpose and Function
Supplement and clarify your resume
Demonstrate how your experience fits the
 specific job description – Target! Target!
Exhibit your enthusiasm and knowledge of
 the company
3-4 Paragraphs with the following:
  Opening Paragraph: include position, how you
   heard about opening, and summary of interest
   in company and how you make a good fit
  Middle Paragraph(s): Describe 2-3 of most
   relevant accomplishments. (use examples)
  Final Paragraph: Reiterate your interest, thank
   them for consideration, request an interview,
   and include contact information
Middle Paragraph
To ensure you have highlighted most
relevant qualifications in the middle
paragraph(s) create a list like this first:

         Company Needs                               My Qualifications
 2 + years agency and/or Corporate PR
                                               Over 2 years PR agency experience with
                                                Graham and Associates and Wunderman
                                                San Francisco
   B.A. in Public Relations or                  B.A., Communications May 2010

                                               Researched and composed 25+ press
   Strong research and writing skills          releases and 6 byline articles per year

   Relevant media knowledge                   Created and maintained highly successful
                                                media relationships (print, web, radio,
                                                TV): Fast Company, Red Herring, MIT,
                                                Technology Review, NPR, KGO, KFOG,
1 page in Business Correspondence format
Contact information at top
Date of letter
Employer name, title and mailing address
Salutation Line w/Dear Mr., Ms., Dr.,_________ or
 Dear Hiring Manager or Members of the Selection
Your signature at the bottom or typed name if
 electronic correspondence
Cover Letter Don’ts
 Repeat verbatim the information in your resume.
 Hint that you are interested in virtually any job with that
   Give a summary of your life, values, goals, etc. longer than
    50 words.
   Describe, what the company can do for you
   Overuse the pronoun “I”.
   Explain why you left your last job or want to leave your
    present one.
   Use a form letter and just change the company name.
On a separate piece of paper type the names,
 addresses, phone number, and email address of
 your references.
DO NOT include this page with your resume- you
 will provide this when employers request it.
It is also a good idea to give your references a
 current copy of your resume.
Always obtain permission from potential
 references before giving out their names

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