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									USING THE PDA AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL                       1




                    Using the PDA as an Educational Tool

                              Sample Student

                          Misericordia University
USING THE PDA AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL                               2


                                        Abstract

Type abstract paragraph here.

       Keywords: Type search keywords here, separated by commas.
USING THE PDA AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL                                                             3


                            Using the PDA as an Educational Tool

       PDAs are an important topic in education today. The term PDA is an acronym for

“personal digital assistant”, which is a popular, handheld form of technology that functions

similarly like a computer (Yuen & Yuen, 2003). Teachers are now considering replacing the

“typical” classroom computer with PDAs, for they are cheaper, mobile, and rather economical

(Galuzska, 2005). If utilized properly, PDAs are advantageous for students and teachers to use

inside and outside of schools.

       In this paper, the author will examine how teachers use PDAs in their classrooms, the

advantages and disadvantages of having students possess PDAs in schools, and explain why

schools should turn to the PDA as a useful educational tool.

                                 The PDA as a Classroom Tool

       PDAs are extremely efficient, multifunctional tools that would be a perfect investment

for busy students and teachers. Yuen and Yuen (2003) state that PDAs can function as a

calculator, calendar, textbook, notepad, pencil, and word processor. With PDAs, students can

neatly type their notes and have an organized system, instead of losing their important

documents. PDAs also function like laptops, but they are smaller and easier to use in classrooms

(Lang, 1999). Since PDAs can functions many different ways, students will never find

themselves searching to use numerous technological devices. Thus, conserving space can

certainly be advantageous in small or cramped classrooms.

       PDAs enable students and teachers to work and learn together simultaneously, especially

with tasks such as writing papers or working together in groups. According to Lang (1999),

pupils can perform group projects in the classroom with more accessibility on PDAs than

traditionally. Similarly, by using PDAs in schools, an entire classroom of students can revise
USING THE PDA AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL                                                                 4


their papers on their portable devices along with their teacher at the same time (Lang). Since

students can quickly fix their papers or essays and store or find them on file, teachers can cover

more material in a less amount of time. Studies also show that with PDAs, students are able to

communicate easier with their teachers and classmates (Galuszka, 2005). Better and clearer

communication is important for a teacher and their classroom full of students.

       PDAs are also handy for students because they can save, carry, and share their

information to with their teachers and classmates. According to Galuszka (2005), PDAs allow

students to carry a large amount of information in a small, handheld device. Furthermore,

research states (Yuen & Yuen, 2003) that pupils can download and save files onto their PDA,

which allows students to bring different files along with them to all of their classes. Therefore,

students will find that carrying information with them on a PDA is convenient and helpful.

       PDAs are a better alternative to traditional computers or laptops. PDAs are small,

portable, and turn on and off immediately; rather than like slow, bulky computers (Lang, 1999).

They also last longer without running out of power, unlike power-hungry laptops (Cain, 2003).

According to Lang, PDAs can last up to three hundred hours on one set of disposable batteries,

while laptops can usually last up to eight hours. Therefore, students will not have to waste their

time charging or purchasing batteries as often than with a PDA. Thus, since PDAs are less

expensive than a laptop or desktop computer for each student, the PDA is the best alternative

(Yuen & Yuen, 2003). Overall, PDAs are typically smaller, faster, and more efficient than

conventional laptops or computers, which makes the PDA a smart investment for schools.

                               Disadvantages of PDAs in Schools

       Teachers and schools find that PDAs have a few faults in the classroom. One of schools’

greatest issues with PDAs is that they can cost up to a few hundred dollars each (Galuska, 2005).
USING THE PDA AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL                                                             5


Despite the fact that a classroom of PDAs is cheaper than buying just a few classroom

computers, parents and/or schools may not want to pay the “expensive” price for these wireless

devices (Lang, 1999). School districts that do not allocate funds toward purchasing PDAs should

understand the pedagogical opportunities that PDAs offer, and purchasing them for the pupils

would be a solid investment. Teachers also may dislike PDAs because of their potential to

distract learners in the classroom. PDAs contain many different programs which could allow

pupils to stray from their studies, such as surfing the web or chatting on Instant Messenger (Cain,

2003). Nonetheless, students do things like these on their cellular phones and other technical

devices, and not just on PDAs. Some teachers argue that PDAs do not offer everything that

computers do, like a CD-rom drive for instance (Cain). However, PDAs can hook up to their

original “parent” computers and open or download files this way. All in all, PDAs can essentially

perform the same tasks as a more expensive and immobile computer.

       Some teachers find user-friendly problems with PDAs. Cain (2003) observes that writing

on a small PDA screen with a stylus can be slow and annoying. The small screen and symbols

also may be hard to read for some older teachers or students. Also, PDAs are harder for younger

students in kindergarten to use because of their undeveloped motor skills (Young, Mullen, &

Stuve, 2005). On the other hand, Young et. al., (2005) challenge that children are quickly able to

grasp the concept of how to navigate through the PDA, which shows that younger students are

adaptable to technology and willing to learn.

                                Advantages of PDAs in Schools

       PDAs benefit schools economically and conservatively. Young, Mullen, & Stuve (2005)

argue that PDAs are a cheaper alternative than computers or laptops in schools. Since schools

today strongly encourage the use of computers in classrooms, PDAs certainly could save school
USING THE PDA AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL                                                              6


districts and taxpayers’ money. Thus, many schools favor PDAs because students can virtually

access the same information as a computer (on a PDA), but at a less expensive price. According

to Lang (1999), two or three conventional computers cost around as much as thirty PDAs. These

handheld devices also do not waste nearly as much paper as a computer. Cain (2003) contends

that school districts save money by not wasting library and classroom paper with the use of

PDAs. Additionally, PDAs are quite compatible, because they can print their documents with the

use of wireless communication.

       Teachers agree that students enjoy working with PDAs in their classrooms. According to

Young et. al., (2005) more than 90% of teachers they polled in K-12 classrooms reported that

handhelds are useful in their classrooms. One teacher even declared that “My class actually looks

forward to working on their PDAs” (Lang, 1999). It is also more likely for students to participate

in their classroom activities with the use of a stimulating handheld device, rather than writing on

traditional paper. Teachers also can use PDAs for themselves as a useful organizer for things

such as lesson plans and appointment reminders.

                                           Conclusion

       This paper explored the topic of PDAs in classrooms today. In this paper, the author

examined how teachers use PDAs in their classrooms, the advantages and disadvantages of

having students possess PDAs in schools, and explain why schools should turn to the PDA as a

useful educational tool. Research found that PDAs function just as well as regular classroom

computers, but PDAs are cheaper, mobile, and wireless. All in all, schools should integrate

PDAs into their classroom technology, for it would be a valuable investment.
USING THE PDA AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL                                                           7


                                          References

Cain, M. (2003). PDA: paradigm-disrupting appliance? Journal of Academic Librarianship, 29

       (1). Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.

Chang, Y. M., Mullen, L., & Stuve, M. (2005). Are PDAs pedagogically feasible for young

       children? T.H.E. Journal, 32 (8). Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.

Galuszka, P. (2005). Technology’s latest wave. Black Issues in Higher Education, 22 (2).

       Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.

Lang, M. (1999). Electronic learning. Write on! Instructor, 108 (8). Retrieved from Academic

       Search Premier.

Yuen, S. C., & Yuen, P. K. (2003). PDAs as educational power tools. Tech Directions, 62 (9).

       Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.

								
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