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This book was written in 1730 by an English doctor, Thomas Fuller. He lists fifteen qualities that a nurse needed. Read each one and try to put it in your own words. Click over the statement to see a modern version. Click over it again to make the modern text disappear 3. 2. Keeps closelycarewhenpatients 6. IsIs happyeyesightso that - and 15. Is light children the has 11. Isvery hygienic, andfinds see 4. Hasgoodandand toorandold no alert lively and doctor’s can 1.14.Hasverypractical andotherallis 12. Isnotvery younghearingtalks 9. IsIs tooandand sensible,always 7. Always good is too pays 8. Has no and or able to 10. Keepsfittakes pleasant,and the 13. Iscalm 5. steady peaceful, moving calm well, keeps the and the “spots”the not as soon asof her the withwhether so side, and ready to go doing it proud and people and is extremesthatthe orders,who dependcolour, what and their bandages concentrate-no happy much)tasksday. copesointments tirednessshenever attention respond theasnightcan.the as relaxedtonotbrightis theoreating, best way and matter her or around on to veryon how she looking(butthe and outwork long softly mood-swings, dizzinessin does not carry they areareher work. or grow and applies grumpy, they abilitylasts donegives the that she sad comes herlike, howproperly patient with smoking. or noisy illness quietly. clumsy anxious. getting being need patient calls drinking attention. walks coughs without or her own may change how they drugs and treatments Click here to move on to the next tasks Nursing in 1730 – some tasks 1. The list is taken from Dr Fuller’s pages about treating smallpox. Are any of the qualities particularly linked to caring for smallpox victims? 2. Who do you think would use a list like this? 3. Arrange the fifteen qualities in what you think would be a sensible order of importance. Be ready to give reasons. (You can make a set of cards from one of the next two screens). 4. What inferences (sensible guesses) can you make from this list about the duties of a nurse in 1730? 5. How might the list be different if it were to be updated for use today? 6. Give some reasons why the list would be different today. Is not too young or too old - and copes with Very hygienic, so that all the ointments the tiredness that comes with her work. and bandages she applies are done properly Is fit and well and has no mood-swings, dizziness or coughs Is calm and keeps the patients as relaxed and happy as she can. Alert and able to concentrate no matter how long the illness lasts Is happy and pleasant, always looking on the bright side, never getting grumpy, Has very good hearing and is ready to sad or anxious. respond as soon as the patient calls Always takes care and pays attention Is calm and peaceful, talks softly (but whether it is night or day. not very much) and walks quietly. Is steady and sensible, and does not go Has good eyesight and can see the to extremes in eating, drinking or “spots” - their colour, what they are like, smoking. how they grow and how they may change Keeps closely to the doctor’s orders, Is light and lively when moving around and and is not so proud of her ability that doing the work she gives the patient her own drugs and treatments Is very practical and finds the best way to carry out the tasks without being Has no children or other people who clumsy or noisy depend on her and need her attention. Teacher guidance • Students could use this resource when studying continuity and change in eg – Treatments of smallpox eg as a case study in medicine – Nursing – Communicating medical ideas • The tasks can be done independently or in a classroom context. It is recommended that activities involve discussion and purposeful talk before written responses are produced, but the tasks could be tackled as homework and then responses shared in class discussion. • The task in Slide 1 develops the skill of comprehension of sources. (Another way of tackling this without the use of a computer would be to get students to pair the old/new versions of the fifteen qualities if two sets of cards are produced.) • The tasks shown in slide 2 develop skills/understanding of – Locating, selecting and deploying relevant evidence in sources; – Understanding the source in its context – Analysis, critical thinking and use of supporting argument – Inference – Change and continuity – Causation • Further activities can be devised using the cards eg to decide which qualities are concerned with physical / personal gifts and which of these matter most in nursing Copyright notice The content of this resource is copyright of the Discovery Library, Derriford Hospital. It is available for download and reproduction for personal, academic teaching or study use under the terms of the “Creative Commons Licence”. Only non-commercial use is permitted under these terms – any use from which there is financial gain is not permitted. In any use of the resource, the Discovery Library, Derriford Hospital must be clearly credited.
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