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What can I do with this degree? PHYSICS AREAS STRATEGIES ASTRONOMY Supplement program with courses in psychology, Teaching physiology, communications, political science, Research and sociology. Obtain a graduate degree in Writing physics for opportunities in industry. Maintain an interest in music, the arts and humanities. EMPLOYERS Colleges and universities AREAS Observatories ASTROPHYSICS Planetariums Teaching Science museums Consulting Nonprofit foundations Administration Industry e.g., aerospace, scientific supply, mass Research media Design Federal government: National Aeronautics and Astronautics Space Administration, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, U.S. Naval EMPLOYERS Observatory, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory Government laboratories Research centers STRATEGIES Airports Acquire excellent verbal and written Colleges and universities communication skills. Get involved in a research Commercial industry project. Develop a specialty area of expertise and Space industry experience. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Observatories AREAS Planetariums ACOUSTICAL PHYSICS Military Basic and Applied Research Development STRATEGIES Teaching Obtain experience through part-time or voluntary Consulting position in a planetarium, observatory or science Administration museum. Complete an internship with a research Testing organization or related industry. Participate in research with scholars in the field. EMPLOYERS Contact the American Astronomical Society for Colleges and universities more information. Government laboratories Nonprofit research centers Industry e.g., electronics, building design, medical instrumentation, communications, engineering, noise pollution, sound recording, film production AREAS Administration BIOPHYSICS Exploration Basic and Applied Research Development EMPLOYERS Teaching Colleges and universities Consulting Nonprofit research centers Administration Federal government e.g., Coast and Geological Survey, U.S. Geological Survey, Army Map EMPLOYERS Service, Naval Oceanographic Office Colleges and universities Industry e.g., petroleum, mining, exploration Government laboratories Consulting firms Nonprofit research centers Industry e.g., biotechnology, environment, STRATEGIES pharmaceuticals Specialize in geophysics or minor in geology. Hospitals Develop good background in mathematics, chemistry, engineering, and physics. Maintain STRATEGIES good physical condition. Acquire information about state licensure required for various types of technicians working AREAS in medical settings. Gain experience as a HEALTH PHYSICS laboratory assistant or hospital orderly. Basic and Applied Research Volunteer at a hospital or clinic. Development Teaching AREAS Consulting FLUID AND PLASMA PHYSICS Administration Basic and Applied Research Monitoring/Inspection Development Teaching EMPLOYERS Consulting Colleges and universities Administration Government laboratories Government agencies e.g., Department of EMPLOYERS Defense, Department of Energy, Department of Colleges and universities Public Health Service Government laboratories Nonprofit research centers Government agencies Industry e.g., health physics instrumentation, Nonprofit research centers nuclear power, nuclear weapons, radioisotope Industry e.g., automobile, jet engine, space products, nuclear accelerators, nuclear reactors vehicle design, controlled fusion device design Environmental firms Hospitals STRATEGIES Obtain a graduate degree (master's or doctorate) STRATEGIES for opportunities in industry or research. Earn a Ph.D. and certification by the American Board of Health Physics (ABHP) for top university teaching, research and administrative AREAS positions. Complete a master's degree and GEOPHYSICS certification by the ABHP for professional health Basic and Applied Research physicists’ positions. Specialize in health physics Development and obtain technician certification from the Teaching National Registry of Radiation Protection. Consulting Acquire knowledge of government standards and Acquire a strong mathematics and chemistry regulations. background. AREAS AREAS MEDICAL PHYSICS OPTICAL PHYSICS Basic and Applied Research Basic and Applied Research Development Development Teaching Teaching Consulting Consulting Administration Administration EMPLOYERS EMPLOYERS Colleges and universities Colleges and universities Medical schools Government laboratories Hospitals Nonprofit research centers Industry e.g., medical instrumentation Industry e.g., medical scanners, eyeglasses, Government laboratories binoculars, microscopes, lasers, holography, Nonprofit research centers display technologies, x-ray, ultraviolet spectra, Government agencies fiber optics Federal agencies e.g., NASA, Department of STRATEGIES Energy, Department of Defense Gain experience working in a hospital. Develop a research specialty in a medical or health related STRATEGIES area. Obtain a master's degree for positions in industry. Supplement program with courses in AREAS electricity, magnetism, quantum mechanics, and NUCLEAR PHYSICS electronics. Basic and Applied Research Get involved in an independent optics project Development during senior year. Teaching Consulting AREAS Administration SCIENCE EDUCATION Law Teaching Quality Control Computer Software Development Operations and Maintenance Educational Research Writing and Editing EMPLOYERS Library and Information Sciences Colleges and universities Military EMPLOYERS Industry e.g., nuclear weapons, nuclear Public school systems, K-12 accelerators, nuclear reactors, nuclear Private schools, K-12 instrumentation, radioisotope products Publishing companies: books, magazines, videos Government laboratories and research centers Software developers Government agencies e.g., Department of Libraries Defense, Department of Energy STRATEGIES STRATEGIES Gain experience working with young people A master's degree is preferred for positions in through volunteering and tutoring. industry. Develop excellent laboratory skills. Work with after school programs and summer camps. Acquire appropriate state teacher AREAS certification for K-12 teaching opportunities. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Visit schools and observe classrooms. Create a Basic and Applied Research portfolio of science experiments and activities. Development Become skilled in the use of computers. Earn a Consulting graduate degree in information science. Teaching Administration AREAS TECHNICAL EMPLOYERS Engineering (Process and Testing) Government laboratories Quality Control Nonprofit research centers Industrial Hygiene Colleges and universities Design Development Electronics industry e.g., communications, Technical Writing automobile, computer, navigation/guidance Computer Technology systems Research Government agencies e.g., National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Department of EMPLOYERS Defense Research and development firms Mining and petroleum companies STRATEGIES Hospitals Obtain experience working with electronics and Engineering firms computers. Request applicable job listings from Professional and technical journals the American Institute of Physics. Government laboratories Manufacturing and processing firms Atomic and nuclear labs Government agencies e.g., Department of Commerce, Department of Defense Television and radio stations Weather bureaus STRATEGIES Gain experience through internships or co-ops. Complete applicable certification or licensure through professional organizations. Gain knowledge about the field through informational interviews with professionals. Develop work habits that are systematic, precise, and patient. Develop a strong computer background. Gain experience using scientific instruments and equipment. Pursue a graduate degree in engineering. GENERAL INFORMATION A bachelor's degree will qualify for positions as research assistants, high level technicians, or computer specialists, as well as nontechnical work in publishing or sales. An undergraduate degree also provides a solid background for pursuing advanced degrees in other employment areas such as law, business, accounting, or medicine. Be aware that expertise and experience in a specialty area are usually required for employment opportunities directly related to physics. A graduate degree and post-graduate experience will allow for more responsibility and advancement in the field of physics. An earned doctorate is required for college or university teaching, advanced research, and administrative positions. Some industries such as the manufacturers of electrical devices will train in the specialty of the firm. A bachelor's degree and state teacher certification are required for K-12 teaching opportunities. Visit government laboratories or research centers. Talk with a physicist about his/her profession and career path. Join relevant professional associations. Attend their meetings and read their publications. Acquire excellent oral and written communication skills. Gain experience with tools, electronics, and machinery. Become familiar with government job application process for positions in federal, state, or local government.
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