Background Reading For Geologists IG Kenyon The evidence for by v6XTCxT7


									Background Reading For Geologists

           I.G. Kenyon
 The evidence for the Earth
 being totally encased in ice
 or a combination of ice and
 slush between 650 and 800
       million years ago

 Joe Kirschvink proposed the
 theory but research by Paul
Hoffman led to the idea being
   accepted by many earth
        scientists today

 May also help to explain the
evolution of complex life forms
  A highly readable account
   of the nature of ice ages
throughout the Earth’s history

    Outlines the evolution of
   scientific understanding of
ice ages since the introduction
  of the term by Louis Agassiz
           in the 1830s

   Includes possible causes
   of ice ages with reference
  to Milankovitch cycles and
 reconstructing past climates
    using ice core evidence
    This book outlines the
  evolution of plants through
geological time and their effect
  on the Earth’s atmosphere
        and biosphere

 It explains how fossil plants
  can be used to reconstruct
   climates and the gaseous
      composition of the
  atmosphere back through
        geological time

If you think plants are not that
   exciting or significant, this
   book will seriously change
      your views for ever
 This book uses coral as a
vehicle to explore a variety
 of scientific themes and
 issues in a readable and
   informative manner

    Includes reference to
evolution, symbiosis, atoll
  formation, atomic bomb
 tests, climate change and
    fluctuating sea levels
   This book outlines the
 quest to find evidence for
  life in the rocks before
  the Cambrian Explosion

A fascinating account of early
  life including reference to
 trace fossils, the Ediacaran
Fauna and the Burgess Shale

New evidence from the rocks
of Siberia to Outer Mongolia
 reveal details of early life
Darwin only theorized about
The story of the greatest
 and most catastrophic
volcanic eruption of the
      20th Century

  Mount Pelee on the
  island of Martinique
erupted on May 8th 1902

The town of Saint-Pierre
  was wiped out by a
 pyroclastic flow which
 killed almost all of the
   27,000 inhabitants
 The story of the quest to
 accurately determine the
absolute age of planet Earth

  The age was constantly
revised upwards from 4004
 BC to 4,567 Million years

   The man who finally
   established the true
     age of the Earth
   was Arthur Holmes
 This book examines
   the extraordinary
  story of mankind’s
 quest to uncover the
  history of the Earth

    It examines the
    contributions of
 important geologists
  that have paved the
   way to our current
understanding of Earth
   system processes
The story of James Hutton
 and his discovery of the
concept of ‘deep time’ and
  the formulation of his
   ‘Theory of the Earth’

     Hutton’s simple
  observations led him
to a conclusion that gave
Darwin the spark to fully
 develop his own theory
       of Evolution
Ted Nield tells the story of
 how the world has been
 made and re-made over
 the last four billion years

 It explains the evidence
  for the supercontinent
 cycle and describes the
   formation and break
 up of the Earth’s major
supercontinents through
      geological time
This book examines the
  importance of the
  Northern Scottish
   Highlands in our
   understanding of
 geological processes
    and landforms

 It focuses on the rocks,
the important localities,
the famous researchers
  and the theories that
  have been inspired by
       the Highlands
   An account of the
   1993 eruption of
  Galeras in Columbia

Author Stanley Williams
was almost killed by the
 unexpected eruption

Williams returned after
 recovering to do more
research on the volcano
   A tale of intrigue and
deception, burning ambition
    and failed dreams

   Documents the bitter
   clashes between the
   men who dominated
   19th Century Geology

Includes reference to Mary
 Anning, Gideon Mantell,
William Buckland, Thomas
Huxley and Charles Darwin
  Story of the discovery
   and interpretation of
  Archaeopteryx a fossil
 that has both avian and
 reptilian characteristics

  One of Darwin’s missing
links or an elaborate fake?

 An amazing account of
  rivalry, jealousy and
 skullduggery –just like
   a good crime novel
    The story of the
    A.D. 79 eruption
   of Mount Vesuvius

  Told through the eyes
of Marius Attilius Primus,
an engineer in charge of
  a large aqueduct that
  supplies Pompeii and
eight other cities nearby

  Powerful, chilling and
convincing in every detail
An account of the impact
   of James Hutton’s
 revolutionary concept
  of deep time and his
  Theory of the Earth

 Baxter, a leading science
    writer, employs his
storytelling skills to lucid
effect in a highly readable
biography of a fascinating,
     neglected figure
 An account of the eruption
  of Krakatoa, West of Java
     on 27th August 1883

     Includes anecdotes,
 eyewitness accounts and an
interesting cast of characters

Also looks at the much wider
 global impact of the event
An insight into the work
   of volcanologists by
 former Time magazine
   correspondent Dick

 Examines in detail the
   events of Mount St.
Helens, Mount Pinatubo
  and Nevado Del Ruiz
volcanoes from the notes
    of field geologists
An account of the many
 possible causes of the
greatest mass extinction
       of all time

251 million years ago at
the end of the Permian
 95% of all life died out

 Mike Benton of Bristol
 University combines a
good story with valuable
   reference material
Jan Zalasiewicz of Leicester
 University ponders what
the Earth will be like in 100
  million years from now

What record will be left in
    the rocks of man’s
existence on planet Earth?
Will there be any evidence
  of our urban stratum?

    Original, thought-
provoking and challenging
   The story of canal
engineer William Smith
and his quest to publish
the first geological map
 of England and Wales

   An exciting tale of
success against the odds
and one that all students
  of Geology seriously
      need to read
  Detailed account of the
importance of the Burgess
 Shale in British Columbia

Dated at 530 million years
 old it is one of the oldest
lagerstatten found to date

    Gould explains its
evolutionary importance
in a highly readable and
  informative manner
 A comprehensive guide
  to the causes of mass
 extinctions throughout
      Earth’s history

  Hallam focuses on the
‘Big Five’ mass extinctions

  Includes reference to
extra-terrestrial impacts,
 flood basalt eruptions,
  ocean anoxia and sea
      level changes
An account of the history
of planet Earth over its 12
  billion year life history

   Explains clearly the
processes that account for
why Earth is as it is today

  Projects forward to the
end of the planet when the
 sun turns into a red giant
  and how the Earth will
  change as time elapses
An account of the 1906
  earthquake in San
 Francisco, California

 A detailed analysis of
    the causes and
 consequences of the
 magnitude 7.9 event

An illuminating analysis
 of how western cities
  cope (or not) with
  geological hazards
 Geological Hazards such
   as meteorite impacts,
flood basalts, glaciations,
 tsunamis and hurricanes
   threaten planet Earth

   Bill McGuire guides us
     through the latest
     approaches being
   researched to prevent
 global catastrophes or at
least minimise their effects
   Another book on the
importance of the Burgess
 Shale in British Columbia

 Morris paints a vivid
 picture of the critical
 period which saw the
diversification of all the
major animal groups and
 takes a controversial
   stance on current
 evolutionary theories
  Nick Lane reconstructs
   the history of life by
describing the ten greatest
 inventions of evolution

 He considers how DNA,
photosynthesis, sex, sight,
movement, hot blood and
  other inventions have
   transformed life and
     planet Earth itself
 The questions that need
 addressing with respect
 to future climate change

  Global warming, carbon
dioxide emissions, sea level
 rises, melting ice sheets,
      extinction rates

   Can we cope with the
  consequences ? Is there
 political will to act before
        it is too late?
  Bill Mc Guire outlines a
 variety of possible causes
    of mass extinctions

Meteorite impacts, global
  warming, glaciations,
 flood basalt eruptions,
megaquakes and tsunamis

     The frequency and
  magnitude of each event
is assessed and their impact
  on the Earth is estimated
    An account of the
  importance and effect
 that oxygen has had on
   the evolution of life

   How and why oxygen
levels have varied through
      geological time

  Lane employs a multi-
 disciplinary approach to
explain the complex roles
    of this unique gas
  The story of human
 evolution from 6 to 7
  million years ago to
    the present day

The main fossil sites are
described as are the key
discoveries and the basic
facts about each species

  Physique, diet, tools,
   cave paintings and
 geographical dispersal
 Detailed account of the
asteroid impact on Earth
  65 million years ago

   Evidence is presented
 from the Chixulub crater
itself, the iridium rich K-T
 boundary layer, tektites
   and tsunami deposits

  The impact wiped out
  the dinosaurs around
 70% of all life on Earth l
 Climate change during
  the medieval period

Between the 16th and 19th
   centuries the Earth’s
climate was considerably
    cooler than today

 This book examines the
  possible causes of the
Little Ice Age and outlines
     its impact on the
environment and society
Palaeontological mystery
  story that provides an
overview of the evidence
for and against a range of
hypotheses to explain the
 greatest mass extinction
   on the Earth to date

 Told from the point of a
  forensic scientist trying
    to piece together a
 quarter of a billion year
      old crime scene
   The rocks of the UK
   contain the story of
distant geological events

  Richard Fortey travels
  throughout the British
Isles examining the rocks
to deuce past landforms,
  climates and oceans in
chronological order from
  the Precambrian up to
      the present day
Geologist and creationist
  Caldwell attempts to
 put geological features
and events into context
 with what is written in
        the bible

A short but interesting
  read, however the
author fails to convince
    on every level
 Gripping account of the
 Great Lisbon Earthquake
 of 1755, the largest and
 most notable in history

 3 main tremors occurred
with the magnitudes being
 estimated at 8.75 to 9.0,
intensities of IX to XI were
given based on eyewitness
observation of the damage

 15 minutes later the city
   of Lisbon lay in ruins
  Novel centred around a
couple’s holiday to Sorrento

  Mount Vesuvius erupts
 during their vacation and
    results in the most
 remarkable holiday that
    they have ever had

 As the death toll mounts,
  the holiday couple are
  given the opportunity
    to help in the crisis
 Account of the possible
   events leading to the
extinction of the dinosaurs
    65 million years ago

Nemesis is the companion
   star to our sun which
comes close enough to the
sun every 26 million years
   to bombard our solar
  system with millions or
  even billions of comets
The story of the closure
  of the Tethys Ocean

Tethys stretched across
four-fifths of the Earth

Tethys teemed with life
 but also experienced
devastating extinctions

Existed from100 million
years ago to 5.5 million
       years ago
A scientific whodunnit
to find the cause of the
  mass extinction that
 occurred at the end of
 the Cretaceous period

 Asteroid impact, flood
  basalt eruptions or a
combination of the two?
  The story of Elizabeth
Philpot and Mary Anning,
   two very important
 female palaeontologists

    Set in the early 19th
century in Lyme Regis it is
a combination of historical
 novel and science writing

  Chevalier’s chief aim of
this book was to make the
   study of fossils sexy!
   25 separate chapters
  with each one devoted
 to an important episode
in the making of Geology

 The stories move from
 documentary accounts
 to fictional recreations
   of historical events

Based on the geological
 highlights of Yorkshire
   The unexpected story
   of how one creature’s
 journey out of the water
  made the human body
      what it is today!

Why is it that fish teeth are
similar to human breasts?

   Why do we hiccup?
 The answer is in the way
    that fish breathe
     Author Jerry Coyne
 outlines what evolution
   is and the claims that
    it makes, and draws
 together the astonishing
range of modern evidence
 that supports the theory

An important update on
 Darwin’s original ideas
 presented in a highly
     readable style
 Humans share around
  98% of their DNA
  with chimpanzees

What is it about the 2%
difference in DNA that
 sets us so far apart?

   Why have humans
evolved so rapidly in the
last 160,00 years whilst
the apes have remained
 more or less the same?
 A guide to the scientific
exploration of the oceans

  Explains the origin and
role of the oceans in terms
 of plate tectonics, climate
and evolution through the
  work of oceanographers
   both past and present
  A valuable insight into
 the background behind
the key concepts we use
     in geology today

 Outlines the historical
contexts in which ideas
such as catastrophism,
plutonism, neptunism,
   creationism and
   were developed
   A comprehensive yet
clearly focused account of
the history and philosophy
   of the periodic table

  Essential background
 reading for all students
 with serious interests in
  both mineralogy and
 The story of Nicolaus
  Steno, probably the
 world’s first geologist!

 In the 17th Century he
claimed the Earth’s past
  was documented in
    its layers of rock
   and questioned the
 authority of the bible

 Amazingly he ended his
life as a Catholic bishop!
   A novel based on
  the world’s biggest
earthquake since 1755

   Seismologists had
 predicted the disaster
but no one had listened

The quake at 8.9 on the
 Richter scale hits New
  Madrid in Missouri
  Using a pebble of slate
from a beach in Wales Jan
  Zalasiewicz attempts to
unlock the Earth ‘s unique
     geological history

Long dead stars, vanished
    continents, extinct
creatures and quiet ocean
   beds feature in this
   amazing story of an
apparently simple pebble
  A novel set in Italy
  at the beginning
  of the 20th Century

 An earthquake strikes
   in the mountains
   and devastates a
     remote village

Strange things happened
   in the week before
     the earthquake!
     The debate over
  the age of the Earth
    has been going on
   for over 2000 years

 This book investigates
  the many novel ideas
  used in the search for
the true age of the Earth
 over the past 350 years
  The first biography
  of one of the most
 important scientists
  of the 20th Century

 The story of Charles
 Richter, the scientist
    responsible for
    developing the
 magnitude scale for
measuring earthquakes
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