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									 Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation
 NEWSLETTER
 Number 13


   A Historic Spin on the Turntable
    For almost two centuries turntables have
been universally recognized as structures
uniquely associated with rail transportation,
whether located in a San Francisco street
for reversing direction of cable cars or
providing access to multiple stalls of another
railroad invention, the roundhouse. But,
like the steam locomotives that once relied
upon them, turntables and roundhouses
have all but disappeared from the American
industrial landscape.
      A turntable really isn’t a table. It’s a
narrow bridge, supported by a pivot under
its center and by steel wheels riding on rails
under its ends. The bridge nests in a circular
pit of concrete or masonry four to five feet
deep. After a locomotive is run onto the
bridge it may be rotated as necessary. The
name “turntable” may date from the early
practice of planking over the pit at the level
of the rails.                                    Southern Pacific locomotive 5021, a 4-10-2, on the Brooklyn Roundhouse turntable in
     Since 1868 when construction of rail        1952. Courtesy of the Oregon Historical Society, Image No. BA 018954.
lines in the Rose City began, at least six
roundhouses with turntables have existed         1910. That roundhouse had stalls 90 feet in length but newer, larger steam
to serve Portland’s railroads. Over the          locomotives and tenders couldn’t fit inside. The New House, with 125-foot-
decades, with the increasing use of diesel       long stalls, was built to service modern main line locomotives and it outlived
locomotives, five disappeared.                    the older roundhouse, which was razed in 1959.
    Today in ex-Southern Pacific Brooklyn              For its first 14 years, engines accessed the 1910 roundhouse via an 80-
Yard, Oregon’s last roundhouse faces an          foot turntable rotated by compressed air supplied by the riding locomotive.
uncertain future as SP successor Union           In 1924 the present 100-foot table, built by American Bridge Company and
Pacific finalizes plans to expand its              powered by two electric motors, was installed and since 1981 it has been
intermodal operation there. Compared             used by Portland’s steam locomotives. All of these preserved locomotives
with most roundhouses, the survivor is           are slated to move to the ORHF property where they eventually will be
small with just four stalls. The “New            available for public viewing and excursion operations.
House,” as it was called, was erected in            Time may be running out for Oregon’s last surviving roundhouse but its
1941 as an annex to an existing 12-stall         86-year-old 100-foot-long turntable will get a new lease on life as a working
masonry roundhouse dating from around            element of ORHF’s restoration facility near OMSI.
                                                                                                       Contributed by Bob Melbo



    Spring 2010                                        www.orhf.org                                                     Page 1
                                  Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation

 Message from the President                                              ORHF Member Organizations

  For the last thirteen years, ORHF seems to have been pulling          Brooklyn Action Corps
a heavy train up a long, steady grade. But with the acquisition         City of Portland Parks & Recreation
of the property in the OMSI District, we’re about to start pick-        Friends of OR&N 197
ing up speed fast. The next several months will be exciting.            Friends of SP 4449
  In November 2009, we selected Hennebery Eddy Architects               Northwest Rail Museum
for our restoration facility project. They started by conducting        Pacific Northwest Chapter, National Railway
a design feasibility study and developing a concept plan. Along             Historical Society
with consultants from HDR Engineering and Zimmer Gunsel                 Pacific Railroad Preservation Association (SPS 700)
Frasca Architects, the team has come up with a plan that will fit
what we need on our long, narrow property.
  Before the Holiday Express 09 ran last December we signed              ORHF Officers & Board of Directors
an agreement with Portland Parks and Recreation to make our             Doyle McCormack, President, (Friends of SP 4449)
relationship with them official. They helped us secure the prop-         Ed Immel, Vice President, (Northwest Rail Museum)
erty loan with the city and were a welcome presence at our
                                                                        Keith Fleschner, Secretary, (PNW Chapter NRHS)
successful HE ’09 event.
                                                                        Dale Birkholz, Treasurer, (Ex-Officio)
  The Project Management Group (PMG) recently interviewed
three very capable contractors for the construction of the resto-
                                                                        John Frazee, Director, (Pacific Railroad
ration facility. It was a difficult decision because all were well
qualified and each had at least one outstanding aspect. Our final            Preservation Association)
decision was to hire Lorenz Bruun Construction. They bring en-          Bob Melbo, Director, (Community Member-at-Large
thusiasm for the project, welcome the opportunity to advocate           Steve Pixley, Director, (Ex-Officio Portland Parks
for ORHF within the OMSI District and with fundraising, and                 & Recreation)
have the skills and flexibility for a project of this magnitude.         Pat Tracy, Director, (Friends of OR&N 197)
  Our biggest challenge is to raise $3.5 million to build the fa-       Vacant, Director, (Brooklyn Action Corps)
cility. ORHF recently hired Bill Failing as a consultant to lead        Vacant, Director, (Community Member-at-Large)
the major donor solicitation. A Steering Committee has formed
with nine members and former City Commissioner Mike Lind-
berg as its Honorary Chair. Bill and the Steering Committee              Donate to ORHF
hosted a Capital Campaign Kick Off event in April to recruit            Be a Friend of ORHF
new Committee members. These well-known civic and busi-                 Send your tax-deductible contribution to:
ness leaders will add authenticity to our cause, and connect us         ORHF
with potential donors in the community. Twenty-two people               PO Box 42443                         0-4-0               $25
have now signed up to become involved.                                  Portland OR
  Our train has picked up some new passengers and will be
rolling fast down the track. By the time you read the next news-                                              4-4-0              $50
letter in the fall, there will be plenty of new things to talk about!
                                              Doyle McCormack           For stock                                   4-6-0        $100
                                                                        donations
                                                                        Contact:
                                                                                                                     2-8-0       $250
                                                                        Piper Jaffray
              The Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation                       US Bancorp
        is a non-profit 501c3 all-volunteer organization.                Roger Lillard
       Our mission is to secure a permanent home for the                11 SW 5th                                       4-6-2    $500
              City of Portland’s steam locomotives,                     Suite 3100
               preserve the Brooklyn Roundhouse,                        Portland OR
      and establish a Rail and Industrial Heritage Museum.              97204                                                4-8-4
                                                                                                                               $1,000+

    Page 2                                                  www.orhf.org                                              Spring 2010
                                Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation

                                              P. R . P. A . S P & S 7 0 0

                                              “Leading Lady”
  In late December, after another
successful tour of duty pulling Holiday
Express trains, PRPA volunteers began
preparations for maintenance on the
front or “lead” truck of the SP&S 700.
Dwarfed by the cylinders and somewhat
hidden behind the pilot, the lead truck
with its four small wheels is easy to
overlook, but it plays a very important
role in the big locomotive’s operation. It
would be easy to assume that this truck
simply rotates on a pivot and supports
some of the weight of the engine.
However some idea of its complexity
could be seen when the truck was
finally rolled out from under the 700.
  Removing the lead truck is not




                                                                                                                                      Terry Thompson
something to be taken lightly: the
locomotive weighs nearly half a million
pounds and the process takes many hours.
The tender is disconnected and moved
                                                Jim Vanderbeck (left), Dale Birkholz and Greg Kamholz carefully remove the lateral
away, brakes and safety chains unhooked, motion device from the SP&S 700 lead truck.
and the pilot (“cowcatcher”) is taken off.
Then 50-ton air-mechanical jacks are placed at the four
corners of the locomotive, and very slowly and carefully, up it      ORHF Groups’ Feedback Helps
goes. When it is high enough for the lead truck to be removed,
volunteers roll it forward, and the locomotive is lowered.
                                                                     New Restoration Facility Plans
  At first glance, except for how massive it is, the lead                ORHF’s Project Management Group (PMG) has spent
truck looks about the way one might expect. On top, a piece          a year advising Shiels Obletz Johnsen (SOJ) on develop-
called the bolster has a large hole in it which pivots on a pin.     ing the new restoration facility. After selecting Hennebery
But once this is lifted off, interesting geared rollers, curved      Eddy Architects, reviewing concept plan alternatives, and
toothed racks, and sliding plates appear. These comprise             assessing site conditions, the PMG hosted an open house
what is called the lateral motion mechanism. In 1938 it              on February 20th for members from all ORHF groups. The
represented the culmination of 100 years of invention                topics included explaining what is planned, why decisions
and modification. A redistribution of weight is effected              were made and soliciting comments. Over 50 people from
as the locomotive enters a curve, allowing for a smooth              locomotive groups and all other ORHF member organiza-
transition. It also keeps the front end of the locomotive            tions gathered at the PCC Workforce Center in the OMSI
from “hunting” when it is running on straight track.                 District for the event.
  No problems were found, and the inspection and                        Kim Knox of SOJ opened the session by acknowledging
lubrication procedures performed by the volunteers are               groups and individuals who have helped ORHF to succeed
all part of caring for a 72-year-old steam locomotive.               in accomplishing its mission. PMG members gave back-
                                                                      ground about how the process evolved, and with the OMSI
                Contributed by Steve Sedaker & Phil Barney            District’s convergence of rail activity, why this is the best
                                                                                                             Please go to page 8


   Spring 2010                                          www.orhf.org                                                 Page 3
                                Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation

                                        Holiday Express 2009
                                      Carmen - The Unsung Heroes
                                                                          propane heaters and keep the tent in place dur-
                                                                          ing the boisterous gusts that threatened to blow
                                                                          it away on the first weekend. This group and Phil
                                                                          Barney, the site manager, devised an ingenious
                                                                          scheme that kept the 3200 square foot tent in place.
                                                                          The four corners were secured by lines hooked
                                                                          to vehicles, including an Oaks Park fire truck.
                                                                             We greatly appreciate the over 100 volunteers
                                                                          who made sure the event was fun, safe, and created
                                                                          many lasting memories. In addition to the carmen,
                                                                          volunteers included the train car hosts, elfettes, trail
                                                                          safety monitors, meadow elves, ticket agents, traf-
                                                                          fic directors, set up crews, volunteer coordinators,
                                                                          passenger survey tabulators, and the concessions
                                                                          staff. Special thanks go to Michelle Cooper and
                                                                           Nancy Jo Hadley for preparing volunteer meals.
                                                                             Special thanks also to the locomotive crews of the
                                                                           SP&S 700 and the SP 4449; Dick Samuels and Kelly
  George Mickelson & George Hickok work on a car’s electrical panel.       Anable, owners and operators of the Oregon Pacif-
                                                                           ic Railroad; Oaks Amusement Park; TicketsWest;
  A passenger sitting in a colorfully decorated, steam-                    Burgerville; Portland Parks & Recreation; and Santa.
heated coach might have noticed a figure passing                 The ORHF is grateful to all of you who support us each year
below the window. Stocking cap, safety vest, flash-           for the magic of the Holiday Express and telling your friends
light, hunched into the driving rain…who is that guy?        and family about it. Holiday Express 2010 will have a unique
  As Al Hall, the Emcee in the Holiday Express tent of-      significance: when the train leaves from Oaks Park at the end
ten says, “‘Vintage’ means not everything works.” Well       of the event, it will not go back to the Brooklyn Yard. Instead
before the event the carmen dedicated long hours pre-        it will move to the future home of ORHF in the OMSI District.
paring our collection of vintage cars with electrical, me-                                         Contributed by Laurel Lyon
chanical or plumbing fixes. Steam heat and thousands
of interior and exterior decorative lights transformed
the experience into something magical. During breaks,
they checked the car trucks, brakes and other systems.
  Doug Allen, Keith Fleschner, George Hickok,
George Mickelson, Pete Rodabaugh, Eileen Brazil and
Randy Rock, all volunteers from the ORHF member
group, the Pacific Northwest Chapter of the National
Railway Historical Society (the Chapter), work under,
above and inside hidden panels on each of the cars that
make up the Holiday Express. Harvey Rosener, of the
Friends of SP4449, installed the electrical system in
the Gordon Zimmerman baggage car which provided
electrical power for the entire consist. Chris Fussell
designed the decorative lighting scheme and attached
and maintained over a mile of LED bulbs to keep the
train aglow throughout the event. While not on duty
on the train, carmen helped keep the tent warm with

   Page 4                                              www.orhf.org                                          Spring 2010
                               Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation

                                             Friends of SP 4449

                Ready, Set, Go: Preparing the Locomotive for a Trip
   When you see the Southern Pacific 4449 coming
down the mainline or on display at National Train
Day, many volunteers hours have gone into getting the
engine ready. It is always well maintained, but there
are numerous steps necessary before each departure.
   The first job is often cleaning the Cosmoline anti-
rust compound off the drive rods. No, even though
they may appear so, the rods are not stainless steel.
   Next, the electric smokebox heater is removed
(a winter precaution to protect the superheater
tubes), the smokebox inspected, and the 28 bolts
securing the huge smokebox door are dogged down.
   While this is going on, someone else is steam-cleaning
the wheels and undercarriage. Washing this big red and
orange locomotive is not like washing your car: it is
110’ long, 10’ wide and almost 16’ tall. Long-handled
brush in hand, a volunteer will inevitably comment,
“steam locomotives are painted black for a reason!”
   We then connect the hoses between the tender and
the engine. The tender is filled with water and fuel.
After all the drain and clean-out plugs are lubricated
and replaced, the boiler will be ready for firing.
   Getting steam up, a three-day affair, is done slowly     For National Train Day, David Cautley paints the smokebox.
and evenly to avoid undue stress on the boiler. An
external steam generator preheats the water to about          Finally, filling the lubricators, checking air pumps,
150 degrees, then the locomotive’s oil burner raises        injectors, dynamos, and the water pump, polishing the
the temperature and pressure close to the 300 psi           gauges, bell and horn, and the locomotive is ready to go.
operating pressure. During this process the boiler            Long hours and hard work from dozens of volunteers, but it’s a
actually grows almost an inch in length. Those who          good feeling to know you have contributed to once again bringing
have witnessed this will tell you the steam engine          to the public the magic of steam that is the Southern Pacific 4449.
literally comes to life as the boiler pressure builds.                                          Contributed by Mark Kramer


                                                                                                      See more photos of
                                                                                                    the Holiday Express
                                                                                                      at www.orhf.org




    Spring 2010                                      www.orhf.org
                                Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation

                                            Friends of ORN 197

                                               Notes on a Jewel
  This year will see the one-hundredth anniversary of the Oregon-
Washington Railroad and Navigation Company (OWRR&N). On
November 23, 1910, the O-W was incorporated in Oregon to bring
most of the Union Pacific subsidiaries in the Northwest under one
banner. This included the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company.
More details can be found in “Union Pacific Northwest” by Jeff Asay
(Pacific Fast Mail, publisher). Mr. Asay has spent much of his UP
career here in Portland and has volunteered on several PNWC-NRHS
events.
  The 197’s headlight is on the move again, this time on to the silver
screen! Heber Valley RR CMO Michael Manwiller reports that the
replica kerosene headlight borrowed from the 197 will appear on their
UP 2-8-0 618 in a movie being filmed on the Heber Valley. No word
as to the movie’s title. In 2007, the headlight was used to backdate
the 618 to its appearance as Oregon Short Line 1068.
  John Bush of the Union Pacific Historical Society has provided in-
formation about whistles used on OR&N 197. The Union Pacific His-
torical Society has been a valuable resource for the 197 project.
  The engine as built in 1905 had a three-chime whistle made by Star
Brass Mfg. Co. Star later made a 5-chime whistle which had a cast iron
bell. In 1923, the UP made this whistle their standard, and as the older
whistles failed, they were replaced with the 5-chime. It was this type of
                                                                             Dale Birkholz turns a bushing for the 197.

                                                                    whistle that was on the engine when donated to the City
            Fraser Ostell 1956 - 2010                               of Portland.
                                                                      Work is progressing toward having a locomotive to
     Born in Canada,                                                put a headlight and whistle on. Dale Birkholz has been
   Fraser Ostell spent his                                          going through the valves and cylinders of the engine.
   teens in California and                                          One question that occurred as the cylinder head on the
   eventually moved to                                              engineer’s side was removed was what type of piston
   Portland to work for                                             rings the engine had. All eyes were on the piston as
   TriMet in the 1980s.                                             it slowly emerged from the cylinder with -- no rings!
   He was a MAX Light                                               However the piston appears to have been machined for
   Rail Engineer at the                                             cast iron snap rings.
   time of his death in                                               Interest is building for installation of the new cab do-
   April.                                                           nated by Holte Manufacturing. Gary Oslund has been
     When Fraser started volunteering at the roundhouse             getting the cab ready to be put on the engine. North-
   his gentle spirit and natural grace was inspirational.           west Rail Museum has donated floor plate which must
      “It is a loss for the whole Roundhouse community,”            be installed on the engine after repairs to cab mounting
   said Chris Fussell, another volunteer. “Fraser was a             brackets. Included in the donation was running board
   good friend to us all and always made those around him           material for the sides of the tender.
   feel at ease. He will be missed.”                                  Work continues on many facets of the Jewel!
                                                                                                  Contributed by Bob Slover




   Page 6                                             www.orhf.org                                         Spring 2010
                            Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation
                                               2009 Donors
      People from across the country show a commitment to our mission. We appreciate your generosity and support!

 $1,000+          4-8-4                       W.R. Tagmyer, Lake Oswego OR              Anonymous
                                              Dennis Walker, Yorkshire England          Kurt Armbruster, Seattle WA
 BNSF Foundation matching gift (Rollin D.                                               Henry G. Bergquist, Portland OR
   Bredenberg)                                $250 - $499          2-8-0                Wm J. Bosworth, Portland OR
 Rollin D. Bredenberg, Southlake TX                                                     Steven Cate, Santa Ana CA
 Friends of SP4449 (Michigan trip)            David Bragdon, Portland OR                June M. Christensen, Alma MI
 Darcy Marentette, Eugene OR,                 Anna Mae Cauduro, Portland OR             Charlotte C. Corkran, Portland OR
   in memory of David                         John & Frances Gray, San Francisco CA     Robert R. Davis, Santa Rosa CA
 Judith M. Parsons, Salem OR                  Nancy Eble & Michael Bateman, Annapo-     Lisa M. Dunning, Portland
 Pioneer Water Proofing, Portland OR             lis MD                                  Virginia & Alan Ford, Aloha OR
 Rail Management Services (John Gray),        Michael Morgan, Oklahoma City OK          G.W. Eckert, Ridgefield WA
   Seattle WA                                 Aleta Root, Bend OR                       Robert K. Emrich, Tigard OR
 Roger W. Sackett, Bellevue WA                Roundhouse Cash Donations                 Paul S. Faust, Seattle WA
 Seawolf Marine (Stennar Thorson),            James M. Shindler, Milwaukie OR           Mitch Goldman, Yardley PA
 Burlington WA                                                                          Philip M. Gresho, Livermore CA
 Philip R. Selinger, Portland OR              $100 - $249        4-6-0                  Gregory P. Gutgsell DDS,
 Rita & Arlen Sheldrake, Portland OR                                                      New London NH
 Trainorders.com (fund raiser)                Alfred M. Alexander, San Jose CA          James M. Hatfield, Lake Tapps WA
                                              Amelia Allen, Portland OR                 Melba & Harold Hauser, Gresham
 $500 – $999       4-6-2                      Beverly Ann Berini, Garden City MI          OR, in honor of Tristan
                                              Steve Blackwell, Atadena CA               Mark A. Henderson, Haines OR
  Lee S. Bailey, Stanwood WA                  Steven C. Boyle, Portland OR              David P. Hueising, St. Louis MO
  Boeing Employee Community Fund              John R. Bradshaw, Lake Oswego OR          Richard L. Hurley, Portland OR
    (Gregory Mercier)                         F.K. Brown, Toppenish WA                  Susan & Louis Liserani, Ventura CA
  Lorilee Carlson, Oak Grove OR,              Jeffrey Dere, Renton WA                   Kenneth McCormick, Portland OR
    in memory of Lawrence & Anne Williams     Stephan Dudley, Wilsonville OR            Jane Meiners, Corvallis OR
  H. Thomas Gillespie, Portland OR            Lisa M. Dunning, Portland OR              Diana Metcalf, Alexandria KY
  William D. Kaufman, Portland OR             Gerald Feeney, Sunnyvale CA               David Patience, Milwaukie OR
  Gordon H. Heane, Jr., Portland OR           Sha A. Gleason, Portland OR               Douglass Peterson, San Bruno CA
  Jason A. Mastrine, Portland OR              Dan Haneckow, Portland OR                 William E. Porter, Lake Oswego OR
  Albert Solheim, Portland OR                 A.I. Hinxman, Portland                    Edward Sherry, Normandy Park WA
                                              Paul Kassen, Seattle WA                   James & Luella Stobie, Fargo ND
                                              Karen Keller, Lacy WA                     Vic’s Hobby Supply cash donations
                                              Robert D. Kelly, Laramie WY               Whistle Stop Trains cash donations
                                              Robert A. Knox, Portland OR               Lyndon A.S. Wilson, Jr., Portland OR
                                              John & Laura Kvasnosky, Seattle WA
                                              Jerold E. Johnson, Portland OR             $49 -    0-4-0
                                              Chad & Sandra Moeser, Woodburn OR
                                              Joseph G. Monteleone, Corvallis OR        Stuart Adams, Lake Oswego OR
                                              Stephen E. Mullis, Aloha OR               Carol Berger, Port Orford OR
                                              National Train Day cash donations         George Berry, Newberg OR
                                              James & Elinore Rogers, Portland OR       J. Jackson Coyner, Princeton ID
                                              Ross Rowland, Sackets Harbor NY           Robert B. Drake, Beaverton OR
                                              Marie A. Spence, Portland OR              Kevin Bruce George, Portland OR
                                              Jeff R. Stevens, Portland OR              Fred Hard, Portland OR
                                              Debra Roy, Damascus OR                    Julius S. Horvath, Vancouver WA
                                                in honor of Harvey Rosener              Gerald Goering, Red Wing MN
                                              Leon R. Ruch, Sandy OR                    Patricia L. Lyttle, Milwaukie OR
                                              Faith Ryder, Waimea HI                    John & Julia Koblan, Bedminster NH
                                              Kay Spielman, Dominic Miles & Dane        Cathy & James Mann, Coos Bay OR
                                                Hartman; Portland OR                    United Way (Todd Landwehr)
                                              Kenneth E. Vannice, Portland OR           Charles A. Von Reis, Milwaukie OR
                                              Michael J. Washenko, Mount Clemens MI

                                              $50 - $99       4-4-0

                                              Rodney Aho, Gresham OR
                                              Rolf P. Anderson, Portland OR

Spring 2010                                         www.orhf.org                                                     Page 7
          Oregon Rail
  Heritage Foundation
         PO Box 42443
Portland Oregon 97242




                             Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation

                               ORHF Groups’ Feedback (cont’d)
 location for ORHF. (See lead story in Fall 2009 is-
 sue.) Jon Holladay of HDR Engineering, and Da-
 vid Wark, of Hennebery Eddy, described how the
 preferred track layout and concept plan work with
 the site’s opportunities and challenges.
   The energy of the event was palpable when the
 second half of the session was devoted to ques-
 tions and comments. Thoughtful input and lively
 discussion from the members provided the PMG
 ideas to consider in shaping what could be added
 to the facility, if funding was available. When all
 the comments were shown, each member voted on
 what they wanted most. The highest numbers of
 votes were for:
   • Keeping the turntable as part of the program
   • Including event-support capacity
   • Adding a drop table (to change wheel sets).             ORHF Newsletter Credits
   After the open house was over, many people lingered       Phil Barney                     Editor
 to talk more or fill out comment cards. One of the event’s   Laurel Lyon                  Publisher
 goals – for ORHF members to become knowledgeable            Arlen Sheldrake             Distributor
 project ambassadors - had begun.                            Chris Fussell             Photographer
                                                                                       (except as noted)
                              Contributed by Laurel Lyon

								
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