WORLD HISTORY 1-1 DISCOVERY OF EARLY HUMANS IN AFRICA

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WORLD HISTORY 1-1 DISCOVERY OF EARLY HUMANS IN AFRICA Powered By Docstoc
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                       “HUMAN ORIGINS IN AFRICA” (PP 4-11)

I. SEARCH FOR HUMAN ORIGINS
     A. INTRO
           1. WRITTEN DOCUMENTS/HISTORY -

              2. PREHISTORY -

       B. SCIENTISTS DISCOVER CLUES
             1. ARCHAEOLOGISTS
                  a) DEFINE -
                  b) ARCHAEOLOGICAL DIG
                         (1)
                  c) BONES REVEAL-          ,             ,
                  d) ARTIFACTS -
                  e)    EXAMPLES -
             2. ANTHROPOLOGISTS STUDY
                  a) CULTURE – THE WAY IN WHICH PEOPLE LIVE
                  INCLUDING ART, SCIENCE, RELIGION, GOVERNMENT…
                  b) RECREATES –
             3. FOSSILS & DATING
                  a)   FOSSILS -
                  b) CARBON DATING – METHOD OF TELLING THE
                  APPROXIMATE AGE OF AN ARTIFACT OR FOSSIL

       C. EARLY FOOTPRINTS
            1. DISCOVERED BY & WHERE -
            2. HOMINIDS -
            3. AUSTRALOPITHECUS – SOUTHERN APE
                  a) ATE FRUITS, NUTS, SCAVENGED MEAT
                  b) NOMADIC – CONSTANTLY SEARCHING FOR FOOD,
                  WATER, SHELTER
                  c) CLANS – LIVED IN SMALL FAMILY GROUPS ( 7-15)
                  d) LIVES WERE LIMITED BY PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
                  COULD NOT CHANGE (NO TOOLS)
       D. LUCY
            1. WHAT -
            2. AGE -
       E. HOMINIDS WALK UPRIGHT
            1. WHERE -
            2. PHYSICAL ADVANTAGES
                  a)
                  b)                            c)
                  d) OPPOSABLE THUMB -
II. OLD STONE AGE BEGINS
      A. INTRODUCTION
            1. MAJOR EVENTS IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
                  a)
                  b)
                  c)
            2. PALEOLITHIC AGE
                  a) WHAT -
                  b) WHEN -
                  c) SIMPLE TOOLS - ITEMS SUCH AS STICKS OR ROCKS
                  USED TO ACCOMPLISH WORK
                  d) STONE HENGE - EARLY PALEOLITHIC SIGHT IN
                  ENGLAND WITH CIRCLES OF GIANT STONES, POSSIBLY FOR
                  RELIGIOUS PURPOSES
            3. NEOLITHIC AGE
                  a) WHAT -
                  b) WHEN -
                  c) ADVANCED/COMPLEX TOOLS – TOOLS THAT REQUIRED
                  RESHAPING AND COMBINING OF PARTS TO COMPLETE
                  WORK
                       (1) DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURE ALLOWED MAN TO
                       BEGIN OVERCOMING PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
                       (2) EXAMPLES – (a)          (b)          (c)
            4. ICE AGE
                  a) WHAT -
                  b) LAST ICE AGE -
                  c) LAND BRIDGES
                       (1) FORMED FROM LOWERED OCEAN LEVELS
                       (2) LOCATIONS
                             (a) ASIA TO NORTH AMERICA (BERING)
                             (b) EUROPE TO BRITISH ISLES
                             (c) JAPAN TO KOREA
                             (d) ASIA TO INDONESIA
                  d) HUMAN RESPONSE
                       (1) ADAPTED BY DEVELOPING NEW TECHNOLOGY
                       (2) MIGRATED ACROSS LAND BRIDGES
      B. HOMO HABILIS -
            1. WHERE -
            2. WHEN -




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             3. TOOLS
                   a) MATERIAL -
                   b) USES -
       C. HOMO ERECTUS -
             1. WHEN -
             2. WHERE -
             3. TECHNOLOGY -
             4. TOOL USES _________________, ____________________,
             ______________________
             5. FOOD
                   a) FRUITS, NUTS, SEEDS
                   b) SCAVENGED MEAT
                   c) USED CLUBS TO KILL SMALL GAME
             6. CLOTHING
                   a) WRAPPED IN ANIMAL SKINS
                   b) LEATHER STRIPS FOR LACING
             7. MIGRATION TO
                   a) (ASIA) 1.                  2.                3.
                   b)
             8. FIRE USES
                   a)
                   b)
                   c) HUNTING
                   d)
             9. DEVELOPED ORAL LANGUAGE - COMMUNICATION OF THE
             PALEOLITHIC PERIOD (OLD STONE AGE)
                   a)
                   b)
                   c)
                   d) TEACH
III. THE DAWN OF MODERN HUMANS
       A. INTRODUCTION
             1. HOMO SAPIENS -
                   a)
                   b) APPEARED 400,000 YEARS AGO IN EASTERN AFRICA
                   c) MIGRATED TO ALL CONTINENTS EXCEPT ANTARCTIC
                   d) GROUPS
                         (1) NEANDERTHAL -
                         (2) CRO MAGNON -




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      B. NEANDERTHAL MAN
            1. APPEARANCE
                   a)
                   b)
                   c)
            2. WHEN -
            3. EVIDENCE OF BELIEF IN AFTERLIFE
                   a) GRAVES WITH FLOWERS
                   b) WEAPONS, TOOLS & FOOD IN GRAVES
            4. EVIDENCE OF MEDICAL CARE
                   a) INJURED CARED FOR -HEALED BROKEN BONES
            5. SHELTER TYPES
                   a) OPEN AIR CAMPS
                   b)
                   c)
            6. TOOLS USED
                   a)
                   b)
                   c) STABBING SPEARS
      C. CRO-MAGNON EMERGES
            1. 1. WHEN
            2. PHYSICAL DIFFERENCES
                   a) TALLER AND THINNER
                   b) LARGER BRAINS
            3. ADVANTAGES OVER NEANDERTHAL MAN
                   a)
                   b)
IV. NEW FINDINGS
      A. EVIDENCE OF MUSIC (CULTURE)
            1.
      B. CAVE ART (CULTURE)
            1.
            2.




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USE THE ABOVE MAP TO COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING

1. PLACE AN “A” ON THE CONTINENT WHERE MAN IS THOUGHT TO HAVE FIRST
DEVELOPED.

2. LABEL THE CONTINENTS THAT EXPERIENCED ICE AGES 1, 2, & 3 THEN LIST
EACH IN THE CORRESPONDING BLANKS BELOW.

     1. ___________________

     2. ___________________

     3. ___________________

3. “B” – BERING LAND BRIDGE

4. DRAW ARROWS ON THE MAP INDICATING THE MOST LIKELY MIGRATION PATH
OF MAN TO THE AMERICAS.




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