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ELEMENTS OF FICTION EXPOSITION: THE PART IN A STORY OR WORK OF DRAMA IN WHICH THE CHARACTERS ARE INTRODUCED AS WELL AS THE SETTING AND BASIC SITUATION. RISING ACTION (Conflict) THE PART OF THE PLOT WHEN THE CENTRAL CONFLICT IS INTRODUCED… TENSION IS BUILDING CLIMAX THE TURNING POINT IN THE PLOT. THE MOMENT OF GREATEST INTENSITY OR WHEN THE MAIN ACTION HAPPENS FALLING ACTION FOLLOWED BY THE CLIMAX- WHEN THE INTENSITY BEGINS TO LIGHTEN AND THE CONFLICT IS ON ITS WAY TO A RESOLUTION RESOLUTION THE PART OF THE PLOT IN WHICH THE CONFLICT HAS BEEN RESOLVED AND THE STORY COMES TO AN END. Inciting Incident the event that introduces Is the central conflict. SETTING TIME AND PLACE IN WHICH A STORY TAKES PLACE. (Past, present, future, or specific year, season, time of day) (Region, country, town, or social, economic, or cultural environment) SUSPENSE UNCERTAINTY OF WHAT WILL COME. AUTHOR DOES THIS BY WITHOLDING DETAILS OR HINTING AT WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN. THEME THE KEY MESSAGE OR INSIGHT INTO LIFE THAT THE STORY REVEALS. IN SOME STORIES, IT IS STATED DIRECTLY. HOWEVER, IN MOST STORIES, IT IS SUGGESTED OR IMPLIED. SYMBOL SOMETHING THAT STANDS FOR ITSELF AND REPRESENTS SOMETHING ELSE. FLASH BACK A LITERARY DEVICE IN WHICH AN EARLIER ACTION “FLASHES BACK” OUT OF CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER FORESHADOWING A HINT AT WHAT WILL COME LATER IN THE STORY IN MEDIAS RES BEGINNING A STORY IN THE MIDDLE OF THE PLOT “By the Waters of Babylon” ALLUSION A REFERENCE TO A WELL-KNOWN PERSON, PLACE, EVENT, LITERARY WORK, OR WORK OF ART “By the Waters of Babylon” (biblical allusion) “The Sound and the Fury” (literary allusion) CHARACTERS: (round, flat, dynamic, static, and foil) ROUND/THREE DIMENSIONAL- Possesses many different character traits, appears realistic to the reader. FLAT Has only one basic trait. STOCK CHARACTER Is one found again and again in literary works. For example, Cinderella, the wicked stepmother, or the wicked queen in “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.” DYNAMIC: A character who experiences some major change by the end of the story STATIC: A FOIL: A character character who intended to stand stays the same in contrast of regardless of what another character he experiences INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION- Showing a character’s personality through his/her actions, thoughts, feelings, words, appearance, or through another character’s observations. DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION- The narrator directly tells a character’s traits. EXTERNAL CONFLICT- THE MAIN CHARACTER STRUGGLES AGAINST AN OUTSIDE FORCE (man vs. man, man vs. nature/(supernatural force) INTERNAL CONFLICT INVOLVES A CHARACTER IN CONFLICT WITH HIM/HERSELF DIALOGUE CONVERSATION BETWEEN CHARACTERS. OFTEN IT REVEALS IMPORTANT HINTS INTO A CHARACTER’S PERSONALITY POINT OF VIEW THE PERSPECTIVE COMING FROM WHOEVER IS TELLING THE STORY 1ST PERSON- Narrator is a character in the action 3rd PERSON OMNISCIENT- “All-knowing” narrator. Knows more about the situation and characters then the characters themselves. 3RD PERSON LIMITED- Narrator who only tells the thoughts and feelings of one character IRONY GENERAL TERM FOR LITERARY TECHNIQUES THAT PORTRAY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN APPEARANCE AND REALITY, EXPECTATION AND RESULT, OR MEANING AND INTENTION DRAMATIC IRONY CONTRADICTION BETWEEN WHAT A CHARACTER THINKS AND WHAT THE AUDIENCE KNOWS TO BE TRUE (“The Open Window”) SITUATIONAL IRONY AN EVENT OCCURS THAT DIRECTLY CONTRADICTS THE EXPECTATIONS OF THE CHARACTERS, THE READERS, OR THE AUDIENCE. “Contents of a Dead Man’s Pockets” VERBAL IRONY WORDS ARE USED TO SUGGEST THE OPPOSITE OF WHAT IS MEANT (Ex. Sarcasm, puns) GENRE CATEGORIES OR TYPES OF LITERATURE PROTAGONIST THE MAIN CHARACTER- MUST APPEAR REAL TO THE READER. (Usually has some kind of flaw or imperfection) ANTAGONIST THE CHARACTER WHO OPPOSES THE PROTAGONIST MOOD THE FEELING CREATED IN THE READER BY A LITERARY WORK OR PASSAGE IMAGERY DESCRIPTIVE LANGUAGE USED IN STORIES TO RE-CREATE SENSORY EXPERIENCES.
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