Chapter Two: Early Greece

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					     Chapter Two:
  Early Greece

Cultures and Values, 7th Ed.
   Cunningham and Reich
History of Early Greece
 The Heroic Age
 The Age of Colonization
 The Archaic Period
   [Image 2.1]
Zeus (Poseidon?)
Homer and the Heroic Age

 Significance of the Polis
 Religion, Mythology and
 Art & Literature vs. Prayer
 The Iliad & The Odyssey
 “the Homeric question”
 Oral Tradition
   Epithets, Elaborate Similes
 Iliad
   Theme of Human Responsibility
 Odyssey
   Return of the Epic Hero
      Art and Society
 Painted Vases
   Protogeometric (1000-900 B.C.E.)
     Concentric circles, semi-circles
   Geometric (900-700 B.C.E.)
     Linear designs, the meander
     Human Forms (~800 B.C.E.)
 Amphoras
   Age of Colonization
 Prosperity of City-States
   Competition, Image
 Wealth + Over-Population =
   Italy, Sicily, Egypt, Asia Minor
 Trade and Cultural Exposure
   Orientalizing
          Visual Arts
   at Corinth and Athens
 Corinthian Art
   Eastern Motifs
   Commercially Successful
 Athenian Art
   Narrative style (Myth, Daily Life)
 Trade Rivalry: Corinth vs. Athens
       The Beginnings of
     Greek Sculpture
 Near Eastern and Egyptian
 Kore, Kouros
 Increasing Realism, Naturalism
   Careful study of human anatomy
   Representation of Life and vigor
Sculpture and Painting in the
          Archaic Period
 Solon’s Legal Reformations
 Tyrants / Artistic Patronage
 Artistic Developments
     Freestanding Figures
     High & Low Relief Carvings
     The “Archaic Smile”
     Vase Painting
       Black- and Red-Figure Styles
[Image 2.9]
[Image 2.10]
Peplos Kore
[Image 2.13]
Kritios Boy
          [Image 2.15]
Euphronios, painter, Euxitheos,
 potter, red-figure calyx krater
     The Doric Order
 Simple dignity
 No Base/20 flutes
 Capital
  Echinus, Abacus
 Entablature
  Architrave, frieze,
 Cornice, Pediment
    [Image 2.16]
Basilica at Paestum
      The Ionic Order
 Ornate, fanciful
 Tiered Base/24 flutes
 Capital
   Volutes
 3-D Architraves
 Running Frieze
      Music and Dance
         in Early Greece
 Doctrine of Ethos (Musical Theory)
   Dorian, Phrygian modes
 Music=Primarily vocal
   Paean, dithyramb
 Instrumentation
   Cithera, aulos
 Significance of Narratives
   Music and Dance
Literature and Philosophy
 Hesiod
   Theogony, Works and Days
 Lyric verse vs. Heroic verse
   Sappho
 Presocratics
   Materialists, Pythagoreanism, Dualists,
 Herodotus (Father of History)
   Right over Might
 Chapter 2: Discussion Questions
 What significant differences exist between the
  cultures of the iron age and those of the
  bronze age? Explain.
 Consider the role of religion in Early Greece.
  What does Early Greek theology suggest
  about the concerns of the society? Explain.
 What were the causes for and the results of
  Greek colonization? Cite specific examples.
 Explain the new directions of art in the
  Archaic Period. What do these changes
  suggest about the culture that was producing
  and patronizing this art?

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