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_24_ IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON GLOBAL WARMING

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_24_ IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON GLOBAL WARMING Powered By Docstoc
					IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON GLOBAL WARMING

Global Warming provides various impacts on human life, but not only have a negative impact, the
impact of co positifpun posed by this global pamanasan.
a. Negative Impact of Global Warming
The negative impact of global warming is felt by all of humanity because it is a global phenomenon,
and the position of Indonesia as an archipelagic nation has led our country vulnerable to potential
global warming. Indonesia will experience events:
1. The increase in global temperature, causing the melting of ice at the north pole and south,
resulting in the expansion of ocean water masses, and rising sea levels. This will decrease the
production of fish and shrimp ponds, and the bleaching of coral reefs (coral bleaching), and the
extinction of various species of fish. In addition, rising sea levels will lead to small islands in
Indonesia and the ramps will be lost. Another threat facing society is the deterioration of
groundwater quality, as a result of the entry or leakage of sea water, as well as urban infrastructure
damaged as a result flooded by seawater.
2. Shifting the season as a result of changes in rainfall patterns. Climate change resulting in a high
rainfall intensity in a short period and a long dry season. In some places there is an increase in
rainfall thus increasing the chances of flooding and landslides, while in other places there is a
decrease in rainfall of potential drought. Most of the watershed (DAS) will be differences in the level
of high tide and low tide are more sharply. This resulted in an increased frequency of flooding or
drought. This condition will get worse if the capacity of a river or reservoir agency is not maintained
due to erosion.

     Both of these events will have an impact on some sectors, namely:
Forestry. The change of several species of flora and fauna. The temperature rise will be a factor
selectors nature, where species that can adapt will survive and, in fact likely to proliferate rapidly.
While the species that are not able to adapt, will become extinct. The existence of fires as a result of
rising temperatures around the forest, causing the grass and twigs that dries flammable. In addition,
forest fires cause the extinction of various biodiversity.

Fisheries. Increased ocean temperatures cause coral bleaching and subsequent death of coral reefs,
as a habitat for many species of fish. Rising ocean temperatures also trigger the migration of fish are
sensitive to temperature changes on a large scale leading to cooler areas. Events demise of coral
reefs and fish migration, economically, because it lowers harmful fishermen their catch.

Agriculture. In general, all forms of agricultural systems are sensitive to climate change. Climate
change results in a shift in seasons and rainfall patterns change. It will impact on farming, for
example, delay planting or harvesting, planting failure, or harvest due to floods, landslides and
drought. Resulting in a drop in food production in Indonesia. In short, climate change will affect food
security.

Health. The impact of global warming in this sector is increasing the frequency of tropical diseases,
such as mosquito-borne diseases (malaria and dengue), outbreaks of diarrhea, sickness or
leptospirasis rat urine and skin diseases. The increase in temperature will cause the shorter the
incubation period so that mosquitoes mosquitoes to multiply faster. Catastrophic floods would
cause contamination of water supplies, causing outbreaks of diarrhea and leptospirosis disease in
the post-flood. Meanwhile, the drought will cause water crisis affecting the onset of diarrhea.
Global Warming (Global Warming) have an impact on various aspects of human life, including the
health sector. The Washington Post described it in an interesting diagram.
Changes in weather and ocean can be a global temperature increase (heat) that can lead to the
emergence of diseases associated with heat (heat stroke) and death, especially in older people,
children and chronic diseases. Hot temperatures can also lead to crop failure resulting in hunger and
malnutrition. Changes in extreme weather and rising sea levels due to melting ice in the Arctic could
cause diseases related to natural disasters (floods, hurricanes and fires) and deaths due to trauma.
The emergence of natural disasters is usually accompanied by the movement of people into refugee
camps where disease often occurs, such as diarrhea, malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies,
psychological trauma, skin diseases, and others.
Shifting the ecosystem may affect the spread of waterborne diseases (Waterborne diseases) and the
spread of vector-borne diseases (vector-borne diseases). Why does this happen? Let's take the
example of the increasing incidence of dengue fever. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes as vectors of this
disease has a pattern to live and breed in warm regions. That's what causes the disease developed in
many urban areas are hotter than the cold mountainous regions. However, the occurrence of Global
Warming, where global warming occurs, then the mountain areas began to increase the
temperature so as to provide the space (ecosystem) new breed mosquitoes.
Environmental degradation caused by sewage pollution in the river also contributes to waterborne
diseases and vector-borne disease. Coupled with air pollution emissions of gases which uncontrolled
plant will further contribute to respiratory diseases such as asthma, allergies, coccidiodomycosis,
heart disease and chronic lung, and others.
So we can conclude that global warming will result in:
1. Climate began to change (many extreme weather occurs, shifting seasons)
2. Increased sea surface
3. Global temperatures are likely to increase
4. Ecological disturbance (habitat, marine life, etc.)
5. Social and political impact (harvest, health, etc.)
b. Positive Impact of Global Warming
    Global warming has a negative impact not only humans but also a positive impact, you know!
    Global Warming indirectly the whole world has done to strengthen world peace and brotherhood
to one another.
We (the whole world) who already knew the negative impact of global warming the earth, have the
same fear. We also had the same concerns the fate of our children and grandchildren. Similarity fate
is what encourages us to, together with the walk to the vision and mission is to save our beloved
Earth.
Late last year the entire representative countries met in Bali to discuss the response to the issue.
Each other we exchanged ideas in various ways that global warming does not continue.
Global warming has changed the climate and unleash seasonal wind direction has a complex impact
on the country dependent on agricultural and marine products. It is also being discussed at the
meeting held in Bali. All members negotiate to solve this problem.
It appears from the above, the existence of this problem, we all felt a kinship and sepenanggungan.
Even this harmony is not to be here, after the conference lasted all agreed to form a world body
appealed, implement, and fund raising greening, because greening barren land have considerable
impact mitigation.
c. Relations Global Warming and Climate Change
Global warming is the main cause of climate change. Climate change is the indirect impact of global
warming that involves human activities and natural elements (described in the next chapter) natural
events that influence both positive and negative effects on global warming are volcanic eruptions,
climate dynamics in the atmosphere and oceans as well as influences from outside Earth-like
symptoms and cosmic explosions on the sun.
The measurement results based on the IPCC study, 2007 showed that in recent decades there has
been a rise in average temperatures between 0.3-0.6oC. If emissions of greenhouse gases continue
to increase with the rate of increase as now it is estimated that in 2030 the average temperature
increase of between 3 to 5 ° C and cause global climate change. Therefore we need to take action to
control global warming.

d. Control Global Warming
   Two main approaches to slow the increasing greenhouse gases:
1. Prevent carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by storing gas or its carbon component
somewhere else. This method is called carbon sequestration (removing carbon).

2. Reduce the production of greenhouse gases.
      Sebenarya know many simple things we can do to reduce greenhouse gas emissions so as to
slow the rate of global warming are:
Reduce the use of private vehicles.
Reduce the use of private vehicles is difficult, especially in large cities. This is due to many factors
that influence people's lifestyles. Feelings of pride, to be more comfortable, the lack of adequate
public transportation, etc., are all factors that influence the use of private vehicles. But if you have to
drive a private vehicle must ensure that the fuel-efficient vehicles and the fuel should be
environmentally friendly. Besides reducing the use of private vehicles for short distances. Alternative
vehicles for short distances such as walking or cycling.
a. Stopping deforestation.
Deforestation is still an issue that attracts attention. On average, every day more disadvantaged
countries more than 1 billion dollars each day due to sloppy logging (illegal logging). Though very
useful forests to absorb CO2. Because it needs to be supported planting the types of plants that can
absorb carbon. In addition it is also caused due to deforestation is flooding, erosion, degraded land,
extinction of flora and fauna. Solution of deforestation is reforestation, teraserring. Therefore
tanamilah more trees as green plants absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and store it in its network.
But after death they would release the CO2 back into the air. Environment with many plants will
bind CO2 well, and should be preserved for generations to come. If not, then the carbon that has
been stored in the plant will re-released into the atmosphere as CO2.
Researchers from Louisiana Tech Uni ¬ versity found that every acre of green trees can capture
enough carbon to mengimba ¬ ngi emissions produced from driving a car subs a year. ¬ A study
conducted by the services of forestry in the United States also showed that planting 95,000 trees
were done ¬ in two towns in the Chicago mem ¬ give cleaner air and save on the costs associated
with heating and cooling the air at more than U.S. $ 38 million in 30 years
b. Prevention of forest fires.
Forest fires are caused by human activity is very big impact. This is because the need for a broader
area. As a result of the extent of the area of forest fires that could absorb carbon will be reduced.
More severe impact is more widespread areas as potential wilderness areas.
c. Reducing household and industrial waste.
This action is not easy to do. Socialization of this program has been going on for decades, but seems
still far from expectations. Growing waste a lot and not recycled is sent to landfill (TPA) in which the
landfill has a lot of high methane content.
d. Perform energy efficient.
Conducting such as energy-efficient by reducing the unnecessary use of lights, televisions use a
continuous rather reduced etc.. In addition, the use of fluorescent lamps or fluorescent lamp types
are also considered quite efficient in converting electrical energy into light energy, especially when
compared with type filament bulbs, which can save energy.
e. Reduce the use of chemicals that increase the greenhouse effect.
Replace the use of chemicals such as CFCs with HCFCs for air conditioning and refrigerators. In
addition the use of other chemicals are also expected to reduce the greenhouse effect as the use of
carbon dioxide (C02) in liquid or aerosol spray chemicals, such as hairspray can cause a major cause
of ozone depletion and the greenhouse effect {green house effect)
f. Develop alternative energy.
Developing alternative energy is very important. Energy derived from wind, sun, water etc is actually
potentially be used in Indonesia. Because it should be a national policy aspects of energy should be
encouraged development of alternative energy. There are many other ways in which to reduce
greenhouse gases, such as gasoline usage policies, reduction of barren areas etc.. In ways that are
simple to complex to be done but with a simultaneous way from planning to evaluation of the
overall policy environment in Indonesia. This can be done for example to the students' awareness of
environmental education to students through the implementation of the national policy on
environmental education.

g. Stop or decrease in eating meat! In its report, entitled Livestock's Long Shadow: Enviromen ¬ tal
lssues and Options (released Novem ¬ Air 2006), the United Nations noted that 18% of global
warming is happening now donated by an in ¬ industry has farms, greater than, ¬ on the effects of
global warming generated by all transportation world combined! The UN also adds that the
emissions are calculated based only on the CO2 emi ¬ produced, but in addition to being a great
contributor to CO2, the poultry industry is also one of the main sources of pollution of soil and water
resources.
A report from the Earth Insti ¬ tute confirmed that a plant-based diet requires only 25% of the
energy needed by the base ¬ meat diet. Research done ¬ Professor Gidon Eshel and Pamela Martin
from the University of Chicago also gave the same conclusion: replace meat diet to a vegetarian diet
50% over ¬ tive to prevent the effects of global warming rather than replacing an SUV with hybrid
cars.

h. A vegetarian with a standard American diet will save 1.5 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions each
year!

A vegetarian who drive SUV's ma ¬ ffummer more environmentally friendly than a pe ¬ ate meat on
a bicycle! (Source: IPCC, 2007)

				
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