how to... ﬁx items securely to a wall
how to... Table 1: Choosing the right ﬁxing
Wall type Fixing type Ideal for
ﬁx items Any Picture hooks Fixing light to medium weight
pictures to most wall surfaces.
to a wall Solid Wallplugs Most types of solid wall, including
concrete, brick, stone and
lightweight block. V (ﬁg. 1) Mark the length of the plug on the V (ﬁg. 2) Drill so plug is ﬂush to the wall.
drill bit with tape. Drill hole to depth marked
A brief guide. Skill rating: basic on drill bit.
Solid Universal Brick, concrete, plasterboard and
wallplugs lightweight block. Hollow wall
This guide shows you how to ﬁx an item securely to a wall. There
are two different types of walls, hollow and solid. This leaﬂet
shows you how to ﬁx an item to both types of wall. This is a Solid brick Hammer Fixing battens and conduits to
fairly straight forward DIY job. The length of time it will take will ﬁxings concrete, brick and stone. Use a
depend on the scale of the project you are undertaking. hammer to drive the fixing into a
Solid Nylon Most wall types. Lightly tap
be aware ﬁxings to insert into a drilled hole and
tighten with a screwdriver. V (ﬁg. 3) Line up the holes in your item with
the wall plugs, insert the screws and tighten.
V (ﬁg. 4) Drill hole into wall, ideally into
studwork behind wall.
Take care not to overtighten.
Before you drill into a wall check there aren’t any pipes or cables
inside it, to do this use a pipe or cable checker. Mark the position of Cavity Spring toggle Fixing items to cavity walls.
any you find to make sure you remember where they are. ﬁxings Please note the toggle is lost
when the screw is removed.
Hollow Anchor ﬁxings Heavier fixings to hollow walls.
(heavier We recommend using these in
1: Identifying what type of ﬁxings) conjunction with a hollow fixing
ﬁxing you need Solid Projecting ﬁxings Heavier fixings. Concrete, brick
¹ The materials required to fix an item securely to a wall vary according to (heavier and stone. Fixing ideal for bolting
V (ﬁg. 5) Line item up with holes and use V (ﬁg. 6) Attach a piece of timber to the outside
the type of wall. ﬁxings) items that stand proud of a wall. appropriate ﬁxing type. of the wall, ideally screwing directly into the
¹ For instance, the type of wall plugs and fixings required for a hollow
plasterboard wall are different to that of a concrete or brick wall.
Hollow Plasterboard plug Plasterboard. These plugs come
plasterboard in light or heavy duty according
¹ Table 1 shows you a wide range of different fixings to help you
to your needs.
determine the fixing that is right for you.
Plasterboard Self drilling plug Fixing items in plasterboard.
Available in metal or plastic for
DIY V (ﬁg. 7) For a cleaner ﬁnish, embed the timber V (ﬁg. 8) Securely attach timber to studwork
inside the wall. Draw around the timber, drill
holes at each corner and cut out plasterboard.
and plaster for a cleaner ﬁnish.
how to... ﬁx items securely to a wall more how to leaﬂets available at homebase.co.uk
Tools for the job... 2: Tips for ﬁxing an item to a ¹ Drill a hole into the wall and then hold the item you are attaching to the
wall over the hole (if there is a pre-drilled hole in the item, line the two
solid wall holes up, if there isn’t you will need to drill one of the same size) (ﬁg 5).
¹ A solid wall is generally made of brick, block or concrete. ¹ You may need someone to hold the item steady for you.
¹ Choose the fixings carefully according to the type of wall and weight ¹ Tighten the screw or bolt until the item is held firmly against the wall.
of your item.
V Electric drill V Plastic wall plugs ¹ Take care not to over tighten it.
¹ As a rule of thumb, to work out the length of screw, you’ll need to add
the thickness of your plaster to the depth of the item you are fixing to
the wall, then add a further 30mm.
¹ Mark the length of the plug on the drill using some tape. helpful hint...
V Drill bits V Hammer
¹ Make a mark on the wall where you need to drill.
Use a nail punch to tap a small dent into the wall before starting to drill. This
¹ Hold the drill bit against the mark and begin drilling slowly, if you drill too
will give you a groove to place your drill bit in, giving you more control.
fast it may slip (ﬁg 1).
¹ You need to drill deep enough so that your plug fits flush against the
wall (ﬁg 2).
¹ You may need to give it a gentle tap with a hammer to push it in further.
4: Extra support for heavy ﬁxtures
V Screws V Padsaw
¹ Hold the item you are attaching to the wall against the hole.
on a hollow wall
¹ Put the screw through the hole in the item you are fixing to the wall and
into the plug (ﬁg 3). ¹ If it is not possible to line up the timber studwork with your fixings you
can use an extra piece of timber. This process is quite common when
¹ Take care not to over tighten it.
attaching wide screen TV’s to the wall.
V Chisel V Timber ¹ You will need to ensure that the timber is strong enough to support the
weight of the item you are fixing to the wall.
helpful hint... ¹ Cut the wood to the size you need and attach to the surface of the wall
If you tap the wall, you’ll be able to tell if it’s hollow or solid.
¹ You need to make sure that the piece of wood is attached to the
studwork at each end (ﬁg 6).
V Wire, pipe and stud detector V Goggles
3: Tips for ﬁxing an item to a ¹ If you want a cleaner finish you can embed the wood into the wall,
either flush to the wall, or you may want to sit the timber further back
so you have room to plaster over it.
hollow wall ¹ If you decide to insert the timber into the wall, place the timber on the
¹ A hollow wall is generally made of timber studwork or a dry partition wall wall and mark around it (ﬁg 7).
covered with plasterboard.
V Spring toggles V Screwdriver
¹ Ideally you want to screw directly into the timber studwork (ﬁg 4).
¹ Drill a hole at each corner point, then use a padsaw to cut out the shape
you have made.
To find the studwork use a stud detector.
¹ If you can’t screw directly into studwork, you can use any number of
¹ Hold the timber over the studwork you are bridging.
hollow wall fixings, according to the nature and weight of your item. ¹ Drill holes into the timber to the correct size of your screws.
e.g. a spring toggle, plasterboard plug, anchor fixings or a self drilling ¹ Fix the timber to the studwork (ﬁg 8).
V Tape plasterboard plug.
¹ You can now fix your item to the timber confident it can support
¹ Read the manufacturer’s guidelines for the size of hole you need to drill the extra weight.
and the maximum load it can take.
Please recycle this ﬂyer
HBHOWDO39 October 2010