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DIY fix items to wall Homebase


									                                                                                                                                                             how to...                               fix items securely to a wall
how to...                                                                         Table 1: Choosing the right fixing
                                                                                                                                                               Solid wall
                                                                                   Wall type       Fixing type         Ideal for

fix items                                                                           Any             Picture hooks       Fixing light to medium weight
                                                                                                                       pictures to most wall surfaces.

to a wall                                                                          Solid           Wallplugs           Most types of solid wall, including
                                                                                                                       concrete, brick, stone and
                                                                                                                       lightweight block.                    V (fig. 1) Mark the length of the plug on the        V (fig. 2) Drill so plug is flush to the wall.
                                                                                                                                                               drill bit with tape. Drill hole to depth marked
A brief guide. Skill rating: basic                                                                                                                             on drill bit.
                                                                                   Solid           Universal           Brick, concrete, plasterboard and
                                                                                                   wallplugs           lightweight block.                                                                           Hollow wall
This guide shows you how to fix an item securely to a wall. There
are two different types of walls, hollow and solid. This leaflet
shows you how to fix an item to both types of wall. This is a                       Solid brick     Hammer              Fixing battens and conduits to
fairly straight forward DIY job. The length of time it will take will                              fixings              concrete, brick and stone. Use a
depend on the scale of the project you are undertaking.                                                                hammer to drive the fixing into a
                                                                                                                       drilled hole.
                                                                                   Solid           Nylon               Most wall types. Lightly tap
     be aware                                                                                      fixings              to insert into a drilled hole and
                                                                                                                       tighten with a screwdriver.           V (fig. 3) Line up the holes in your item with
                                                                                                                                                               the wall plugs, insert the screws and tighten.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 V (fig. 4) Drill hole into wall, ideally into
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   studwork behind wall.
                                                                                                                                                               Take care not to overtighten.
    Before you drill into a wall check there aren’t any pipes or cables
    inside it, to do this use a pipe or cable checker. Mark the position of        Cavity          Spring toggle       Fixing items to cavity walls.
    any you find to make sure you remember where they are.                                         fixings              Please note the toggle is lost
                                                                                                                       when the screw is removed.

                                                                                   Hollow          Anchor fixings       Heavier fixings to hollow walls.
                                                                                   (heavier                            We recommend using these in
1: Identifying what type of                                                        fixings)                             conjunction with a hollow fixing
                                                                                                                       setting tool.
   fixing you need                                                                  Solid           Projecting fixings   Heavier fixings. Concrete, brick
¹    The materials required to fix an item securely to a wall vary according to    (heavier                            and stone. Fixing ideal for bolting
                                                                                                                                                             V (fig. 5) Line item up with holes and use           V (fig. 6) Attach a piece of timber to the outside
     the type of wall.                                                             fixings)                             items that stand proud of a wall.       appropriate fixing type.                             of the wall, ideally screwing directly into the
¹    For instance, the type of wall plugs and fixings required for a hollow
     plasterboard wall are different to that of a concrete or brick wall.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   timber studwork.
                                                                                   Hollow       Plasterboard plug      Plasterboard. These plugs come
                                                                                   plasterboard                        in light or heavy duty according
¹    Table 1 shows you a wide range of different fixings to help you
                                                                                                                       to your needs.
     determine the fixing that is right for you.
                                                                                   Plasterboard Self drilling plug     Fixing items in plasterboard.
                                                                                                                       Available in metal or plastic for
                                                                                                                       lightweight fixings.

DIY                                                                                                                                                          V (fig. 7) For a cleaner finish, embed the timber V (fig. 8) Securely attach timber to studwork
                                                                                                                                                               inside the wall. Draw around the timber, drill
                                                                                                                                                               holes at each corner and cut out plasterboard.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               and plaster for a cleaner finish.
how to...                                     fix items securely to a wall                                                                                                            more how to leaflets available at

Tools for the job...                                                                         2: Tips for fixing an item to a                                                         ¹    Drill a hole into the wall and then hold the item you are attaching to the
                                                                                                                                                                                         wall over the hole (if there is a pre-drilled hole in the item, line the two
                                                                                                solid wall                                                                               holes up, if there isn’t you will need to drill one of the same size) (fig 5).
                                                                                             ¹    A solid wall is generally made of brick, block or concrete.                       ¹    You may need someone to hold the item steady for you.
                                                                                             ¹    Choose the fixings carefully according to the type of wall and weight             ¹    Tighten the screw or bolt until the item is held firmly against the wall.
                                                                                                  of your item.
V Electric drill                                        V Plastic wall plugs                                                                                                        ¹    Take care not to over tighten it.
                                                                                             ¹    As a rule of thumb, to work out the length of screw, you’ll need to add
                                                                                                  the thickness of your plaster to the depth of the item you are fixing to
                                                                                                  the wall, then add a further 30mm.
                                                                                             ¹    Mark the length of the plug on the drill using some tape.                              helpful hint...
V Drill bits                                            V Hammer
                                                                                             ¹    Make a mark on the wall where you need to drill.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Use a nail punch to tap a small dent into the wall before starting to drill. This
                                                                                             ¹    Hold the drill bit against the mark and begin drilling slowly, if you drill too
                                                                                                                                                                                        will give you a groove to place your drill bit in, giving you more control.
                                                                                                  fast it may slip (fig 1).
                                                                                             ¹    You need to drill deep enough so that your plug fits flush against the
                                                                                                  wall (fig 2).
                                                                                             ¹    You may need to give it a gentle tap with a hammer to push it in further.
                                                                                                                                                                                    4: Extra support for heavy fixtures
V Screws                                                V Padsaw
                                                                                             ¹    Hold the item you are attaching to the wall against the hole.
                                                                                                                                                                                       on a hollow wall
                                                                                             ¹    Put the screw through the hole in the item you are fixing to the wall and
                                                                                                  into the plug (fig 3).                                                             ¹    If it is not possible to line up the timber studwork with your fixings you
                                                                                                                                                                                         can use an extra piece of timber. This process is quite common when
                                                                                             ¹    Take care not to over tighten it.
                                                                                                                                                                                         attaching wide screen TV’s to the wall.
V Chisel                                                V Timber                                                                                                                    ¹    You will need to ensure that the timber is strong enough to support the
                                                                                                                                                                                         weight of the item you are fixing to the wall.
                                                                                                  helpful hint...                                                                   ¹    Cut the wood to the size you need and attach to the surface of the wall
                                                                                                                                                                                         with screws.
                                                                                                 If you tap the wall, you’ll be able to tell if it’s hollow or solid.
                                                                                                                                                                                    ¹    You need to make sure that the piece of wood is attached to the
                                                                                                                                                                                         studwork at each end (fig 6).
V Wire, pipe and stud detector                          V Goggles

                                                                                             3: Tips for fixing an item to a                                                         ¹    If you want a cleaner finish you can embed the wood into the wall,
                                                                                                                                                                                         either flush to the wall, or you may want to sit the timber further back
                                                                                                                                                                                         so you have room to plaster over it.
                                                                                                hollow wall                                                                         ¹    If you decide to insert the timber into the wall, place the timber on the
                                                                                             ¹    A hollow wall is generally made of timber studwork or a dry partition wall             wall and mark around it (fig 7).
                                                                                                  covered with plasterboard.
V Spring toggles                                        V Screwdriver
                                                                                             ¹    Ideally you want to screw directly into the timber studwork (fig 4).
                                                                                                                                                                                    ¹    Drill a hole at each corner point, then use a padsaw to cut out the shape
                                                                                                                                                                                         you have made.
                                                                                                  To find the studwork use a stud detector.
                                                                                             ¹    If you can’t screw directly into studwork, you can use any number of
                                                                                                                                                                                    ¹    Hold the timber over the studwork you are bridging.
                                                                                                  hollow wall fixings, according to the nature and weight of your item.             ¹    Drill holes into the timber to the correct size of your screws.
                                                                                                  e.g. a spring toggle, plasterboard plug, anchor fixings or a self drilling        ¹    Fix the timber to the studwork (fig 8).
V Tape                                                                                            plasterboard plug.
                                                                                                                                                                                    ¹    You can now fix your item to the timber confident it can support
                                                                                             ¹    Read the manufacturer’s guidelines for the size of hole you need to drill              the extra weight.
                                                                                                  and the maximum load it can take.
                   Please recycle this flyer
                                                                    HBHOWDO39 October 2010

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