Gaza SAC Documents by 87D52HjJ


									                                                 Document #1
Israel, Palestinians trade blame for truce violations
26 Jun 2008
Reporting by Adam Entous; edited by Richard Meares
June 26 (Reuters) - Israel and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip traded blame for violating a week-old
ceasefire brokered by Egypt.

Since the truce started on June 19, Israeli forces have opened fire in the Gaza Strip at least eight times,
wounding two people, according to U.N. sources.

Palestinian militants fired rockets and mortars into southern Israel at least three times, causing no casualties,
according to the Israeli army. Israel responded by keeping its border crossings with the Gaza Strip closed on
Wednesday and Thursday.

Below are the incidents:

June 20
     Israeli army troops near the border east of the southern Gaza town of Rafah opened fire towards
        Palestinian farmers working in al-Amoor, according to U.N. sources. No injuries reported.
     Israeli troops east of el-Maghazi camp opened fire towards Palestinian farmers, according to U.N.
        sources. No injuries reported.
     Israeli marine vessels fired towards Palestinian fishermen west of Beit Lahiya, according U.N. sources.
        No injuries reported.

June 21
     Israeli marine vessels opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats west of Beit Lahiya, according to U.N.
        sources. No injuries reported.
     Israeli troops at the border north east of the el-Maghazi camp opened fire towards Palestinian farmers,
        according to U.N. sources. No injuries reported.

June 23
     Palestinians fired a mortar shell into southern Israel from the Gaza Strip, according to the Israeli army.
        No one hurt.
     Israeli troops near the border north-west of Beit Lahiya opened fire at a group of people collecting
        wood, seriously wounding a 70-year-old man, according to U.N. sources.

June 24
     Islamic Jihad militants fired rockets into southern Israel, the militant group and the Israeli army said. No
        casualties. The rocket fire followed Israel's killing of two Palestinians in the occupied West Bank, an
        area not covered by the ceasefire.

June 25
     Israeli troops east of Rafah opened fire toward farmers, according U.N. sources. No injuries reported.

June 25
     Israeli troops stationed near Khan Younis opened fire towards Palestinian farmers. An 82-year-old
        farmer was seriously injured, according to U.N. sources.

June 26
     Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, a militant group belonging to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's Fatah
        faction, fired one rocket into southern Israel, the group and the Israeli army said.
                                            Document #2

Rockets Hit Israel, Breaking Hamas Truce
June 2008
New York Times

JERUSALEM — Three Qassam rockets fired from Gaza on Tuesday struck the Israeli border town of
Sderot and its environs, causing no serious injuries but constituting the first serious breach of a five-
day-old truce between Israel and Hamas, the Islamic group that controls Gaza.

The crack in the calm came on the eve of a looming political crisis in Israel: barring last-minute
maneuvers and back-room deals, a preliminary reading of a bill for the dissolution of the Israeli
Parliament scheduled for Wednesday was expected to garner a majority of votes in the legislature, and
threatened to break up the country’s governing coalition.

Mark Regev, a spokesman for the Israeli prime minister, Ehud Olmert, said the rocket fire from Gaza
had been “a grave violation of the calm” that came into effect last Thursday, but he would not
immediately comment on whether Israel would react.

Islamic Jihad, a small extremist group, claimed responsibility for the attack and said it had been a
response to an Israeli military raid in the West Bank city of Nablus at dawn on Tuesday, in which a
senior Islamic Jihad operative and another Palestinian man were killed. Palestinian officials identified
the two men killed as Tareq Abu Ghali, 24, and Iyad Khanfar, 21, a university student.

An Israeli Army spokesman said that Mr. Abu Ghali had been involved in terrorism and that he was
“killed in an exchange of fire.” The man killed with him was armed, the spokesman said.

Under pressure from Hamas, Islamic Jihad had agreed to abide by the temporary truce, which was
meant to apply only to Gaza, but had balked at the idea of not responding to Israeli military actions in
the West Bank.
                                           Document #3
Israelis killed by Palestinians in Israel and Palestinians killed by Israelis in Gaza, 2008
Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the occupied territories
IDF = Israeli Defense Forces
                                            Document #4
Hamas stealing aid supplies to sell to residents
January 2009
Roee Nahmias

Grim picture of Gazans' lives painted by reports emerging from Strip, claiming gunmen hiding in
civilian homes, using residents as human shields, and hijacking trucks of humanitarian aid
A government or a gang?
As the Israeli operation in Gaza wears on it appears Hamas has relinquished any visage (appearance)
of a socio-political party, abandoning its claim to govern the residents of Gaza in favor of engaging in
open war at their expense.
A number of reports from the Strip paint a picture of very difficult humanitarian conditions, not least
because of Hamas itself. The suspicion is that the group's operatives have seized control of any
supplies passing through the crossings – including those sent by Israel and international organizations.
Reports say Hamas takes a cut out of all aid that arrives, including flour and medicine. Supplies
intended to be distributed without gain among the population is seized by the group and sold to the
residents, at a profit to the Hamas government.
One such incident was recorded Monday, when a convoy of trucks carrying supplies through the
Kerem Shalom crossing was opened fire upon and seized by Hamas gunmen. Similar incidents
occurred with trucks carrying fuel.
In other cases, civilians are simply used as cannon fodder or human shields. Reports out of Gaza say
residents who attempted to flee their homes in the northern area of the Strip were forced to go back at
gunpoint, by Hamas men.
The organization is presumably interested in increasing civilian casualties in order to give rise to
international pressure against Israel. Arab media reported that in an IDF strike on a UN school 30
civilians were killed, but there is no legitimate way to prove gunmen were among those killed as
Hamas tends to bury these bodies quickly, thus eliminating evidence in Israel's favor.
Other civilian complaints state that Hamas gunmen pull children along with them "by the ears" from
place to place, fearing that if they don't have a child with them they will be fair game to the IDF.
Others hide in civilian homes and stairwells, UNRWA ambulances, and mosques.
In other reported cases Hamas gunmen hold civilians hostage in alleyways in order to provide
themselves with a living barricade to ward off IDF forces. Reports somewhat more difficult to verify
say the group's men shot Fatah operatives in the feet to make sure the latter would not attempt a coup.
No one to turn to
These reports lead to the assumption that Hamas is attempting to exacerbate (make worse) the
atmosphere of a humanitarian crisis in the Strip, as this may promote an international ceasefire
initiative. In any case the reports clearly show that the residents of Gaza have fallen prey to Hamas as
well as the IDF.
Reports of alarming shortages are also forthcoming, as residents appear to lack water, flour, electricity,
and any sign of a capable government. Chaos reigns as no one appears to know when electricity will be
available, how to obtain water or food, or whom to address in order to evacuate the injured.
The "emergency numbers" given to residents have ceased to function, and citizens in need of
assistance have only international organizations, the Red Crescent, and the hospitals themselves to turn
The Hamas leaders, aside from two addresses, have not been heard from. Their speeches were
broadcast a number of times, but in any case many in the Strip can no longer access televisions, radios,
or internet without electricity.
Despite this, no authoritative anti-Hamas sentiments have been heard from the Gazans. However
Palestinian sources claim that grievances against the group are voiced in secret. The animosity towards
Israel has not disappeared, say the sources, but it is now accompanied by bitterness towards the
organization many are dubbing Iranian in its extremism.
                                              Document #5

Children of Gaza: stories of those who died and the trauma for those who survived
Friday 23 January 2009
Rory McCarthy reports from Gaza City on the individual stories of some victims and the physical and
psychological toll on an estimated 350,000 youngsters

Amira Qirm lay on a hospital bed today with her right leg in plaster, and held together by a line of steel
pins dug deep into her skin. For several days after her operation Amira, 15, was unable to speak, and
even now talks only in a low whisper.
In her past are bitter memories: watching her father die in the street outside their home, then hearing
another shell land and kill her brother Ala'a, 14, and her sister Ismat, 16, and then the three days that
she spent alone, injured and semi-conscious, trying to stay alive in a neighbour's abandoned house
before she could be rescued last Sunday.
Ahead of her, she has a long recovery. First there is an imminent flight to France for the best possible
medical treatment, many more operations and then months of rehabilitation and psychiatric care.
Only now, after most of the dead have been buried, is the first properly researched reckoning of the toll
emerging. What already stands out is the striking cost borne by the children of Gaza, who make up
more than half of the 1.5 million people living in this overcrowded strip of land.

The Palestinian death toll after three weeks of Israel's war was 1,285, according to the Palestinian
Centre for Human Rights, or 1,268, according to the al-Mezan Human Rights Centre. Among those
dead were at least 280 children.

The impact will be felt by many more for years to come. Among the more than 4,000 people injured
more than a quarter were children, some left with severe disabilities. The Gaza Community Health
Programme estimates that half Gaza's children – around 350,000 – will develop some form of post-
traumatic stress disorder.
Amira Qirm, who lived in Tel al-Hawa, the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in Gaza City, is
among the few in line to receive medical treatment abroad.
Already she has a dream to fulfil once she returns to Gaza. "I want to be a lawyer," she said today ,
"and to stand in court facing the Israelis for what they have done."
Most of the other children will have to make do with treatment in Gaza. Last week some psychologists
were walking through the ruins of a house in Atatra, talking to a boy from the Abu Halima family who
had lost his father, three brothers and an infant sister in a horrific fire after an Israeli phosphorus shell
hit the house.
"The problem is they are not feeling safe even in their own homes, on the streets, in the mosques," said
Ehassan Afifi, the psychologist. "This boy is seeing what happened as if it is an endless movie. The
physically affected can be operated on, sometimes cured. But these mental problems may lead to
problems for the rest of their lives."
Israel has consistently rejected international criticism that its forces used excessive and indiscriminate
Asked about the criticisms, the prime minister, Ehud Olmert, said in an interview yesterday in the
Israeli paper Ma'ariv that the mental health of the children of southern Israel had suffered in recent
years. He added: "So now there is talk about Israel's cruelty. When you win, you automatically hurt
more than you've been hurt. And we didn't want to lose this campaign. What did you want, for
hundreds of our soldiers to die? That, after all, was the alternative."
On the Israeli side 13 died in this conflict, three of them civilians. In total in the past eight years, 20
people in Israel have died from rocket and mortar attacks launched by militants in Gaza.
Halting this rocket fire was Israel's primary goal and for the last few days, at least, it has achieved its
But Eyad al-Sarraj, a prominent psychiatrist who leads the Gaza community health programme, said
that years of violence in Gaza had only fostered radicalism among its young people, who have seen
their fathers humiliated and now left defenceless.
His organisation is training 1,000 people to spread out across Gaza to offer help with grief and
mourning and to pass serious cases on to professional therapists.
Already there were reports, he said, of children bed-wetting, stuttering, falling mute, having trouble
sleeping, becoming violent or restless and losing their appetites.
The difference between this war and the uprisings, like the first intifada of the late 1980s, was that
whereas there was once a frontline, with tanks near the border, now the bombing and artillery reached
deep inside Gaza's urban areas and into the homes of ordinary families. "Yes, we have developed a
coping strategy but we are still frightened of the Israelis doing this again and again," said al-Sarraj.
"The devastation is a reminder of what the Israelis will do. You need to give children a protective
environment and give a chance to the fathers to regain their status as protectors and providers by
giving them jobs and homes to live in … This is a massive, man-made disaster and we have to tackle
the results."
                                          Document #6

                                                                          February 16, 2009
                              Intelligence and Terrorism Information
                                at the Israel Intelligence Heritage &
                                   Commemoration Center (IICC)

  During Operation Cast Lead, improvised grenades probably manufactured by Hamas were
  found inside drug bottles. The drugs were transported to the Gaza Strip from the Ramallah
  region within the humanitarian aid. Legally, it undermines the protection afforded to
  medical supplies and humanitarian relief under the laws of armed conflict.

  1. During Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza Strip, IDF forces seized improvised grenades
  inside plastic drug bottles. The grenades were mostly designed to hit IDF forces inside
  buildings (the grenades have a limited damage potential in open areas). Weighing about 40 g (1.4
  oz), the explosives were put into the drug bottles. A time fuse was connected to a detonator (the
  metal cylinder pictured below). The grenade is detonated by lighting the time fuse and throwing
  the device.

  2. The plastic bottles used for producing the hand grenades normally hold a drug called Equetro,
  used to treat seizures. It is produced by several companies, including an international company
  called Shire, whose name appears on the bottle (lower right). The bottles were manufactured by a
  local Palestinian drug company from Jerusalem based in Al-Bireh (Jerusalem Post, February 13).
  It is our assessment that the drugs were transported into the Gaza Strip as part of large-scale
  humanitarian aid shipments from the Palestinian Authority to the Gaza Strip.
3. Citing a defense source, a Jerusalem Post article says that Hamas made use of the improvised
grenades during Operation Cast Lead. Those grenades, inside Equetro drug bottles, were
discovered in the northern Gaza Strip. In addition, improvised grenades were found in bottles of
a vitamin supplement known as Super-Vit (a concentrated extract of vitamins and minerals which
enhance plant growth and maintain lush, healthy vegetation) (from article by Yaakov Katz,
Jerusalem Post, February 13).

    Right: hand grenade in an Equetro
    Left: hand grenade in a vitamin            Right: the Equetro drug bottle
    supplement bottle                          Left: the two vitamin supplement bottles

  4. Legally, the cynical exploitation of the protection afforded to medical supplies and
  humanitarian relief under the laws of armed conflict fundamentally undermines that
  protection and seriously jeopardizes the existing channels for transfer of medical and
  humanitarian assistance to the Gaza Strip civilian population.
                                           Document #7

Rockets and Mortars Fired from Gaza in 2008
Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Israel Intelligence Heritage
& Commemoration Center (IICC)

Large Israeli cities exposed to rocket fire:

City          Number of residents
Ashdod             208,900
Beersheba          186,800
Ashkelon           110,000
Kiryat Gat         47,900
Rahat              43,300
Yavne              32,300
Netivot            26,100
Ofakim             24,700
Kiryat Malachi     19,700
Sderot             19,400
                                            Document #8

Guide: Gaza Under Blockade
June 15, 2009
BBC News


Since Hamas took control of Gaza, its 1.5m people have been relying on less than a quarter of the
volume of imported supplies they received in December 2005. Some weeks, significantly less than that
has arrived.

In the wake of the Hamas takeover, Israel said it would allow only basic humanitarian supplies into the
Strip. It has a list of duel use items such as steel pipes and fertiliser which it says could be used to
manufacture weapons.

These are not allowed in, with the exception of "special humanitarian cases". Other than that, no
specific list of what is and is not allowed in exists, and items gaining entry vary over time.

Permitted items generally fall into four categories - human food, animal food, groceries (such as soap
and washing-up liquid) and medicines.

The UN relief agency for Palestinian refugees Unrwa's list of household items that have been refused
entry at various times includes light bulbs, candles, matches, books, musical instruments, crayons,
clothing, shoes, mattresses, sheets, blankets, pasta, tea, coffee, chocolate, nuts, shampoo and

Many other items - ranging from cars to fridges to computers - are generally refused entry.
Crucially for reconstruction in the wake of the January 2009 Israeli military operation, building
materials such as cement, concrete and wood are nearly always refused.
During the six month truce between Israel and Hamas, which began in June 2008, the volume and
range of goods increased with, for example, a few truckloads of shoes, clothes and gravel entering

Israel says Hamas has diverted aid in the past, and could appropriate building materials for its own use.
Aid agencies say they have stringent monitoring systems in place.
                                              Document #9
UN condemns 'war crimes' in Gaza
September 16, 2009
BBC News

There is evidence that both Israeli and Palestinian forces committed war crimes in the recent
conflict in Gaza, a long-awaited official UN report says.

It accuses Israel of deliberately using "disproportionate force" in the three-week operation in December
and January.

The report also condemned rocket attacks by Palestinian groups which Israel says sparked its

Palestinians and human rights groups say more than 1,400 Gazans were killed, but Israel puts the
figure at 1,166.

Three Israeli civilians and 10 Israeli soldiers were also killed.

Israel, which had refused to co-operate with the UN fact-finding team, said the report was "clearly one-

“ The military operation was a result of disrespect for the fundamental principle of 'distinction'
in international humanitarian law ”

The investigation, led by South African judge Richard Goldstone, found evidence "indicating serious
violations of international human rights and humanitarian law were committed by Israel during the
Gaza conflict", a UN statement said.

Israel also "committed actions amounting to war crimes, and possibly crimes against humanity".

The Israeli operations, the document states, "were carefully planned in all their phases as a deliberately
disproportionate attack designed to punish, humiliate and terrorise a civilian population".

Civilian targets

The report accuses Israel of imposing "a blockade which amounted to collective punishment" in the
lead-up to the conflict.

It says "the Israeli military operation was directed at the people of Gaza as a whole".

Mr Goldstone recommended that the Security Council require Israel, and the Gaza authorities, to report
in six months about its own investigations into the alleged crimes. If they did not come up to scratch,
then the International Criminal Court should become involved. Who, said Judge Goldstone, could
object to that?
The report says Israel must be held accountable for its actions during the war, a process which could
lead to the conflict being referred to the International Criminal Court.

The report found there was also evidence that Palestinian groups had committed war crimes, and
possibly crimes against humanity, in their repeated rocket and mortars attacks on Israel.

It says the launching of rockets which "cannot be aimed with precision at military targets" breaches the
fundamental principle of sparing civilian lives.

"Where there is no intended military target and the rockets and mortars are launched into civilian areas,
they constitute a deliberate attack against the civilian population," it said.

It also calls for the immediate release of Gilad Shalit, the Israeli soldier seized in a Palestinian raid in
2006 and taken to Gaza.

Both the Israeli and Palestinian authorities are criticised for the treatment of their own civilians during
the conflict.

Israel's interrogation of political activists and repression of criticism of its activities had "contributed
significantly to a political climate in which dissent was not tolerated", it said.

Meanwhile, the alleged "arbitrary arrests" and "extra-judicial executions" of Palestinians by the
authorities in both Gaza and the West Bank were also criticised.
                                               Document #10
The Covenant of the Hamas: Main Points
Information Division, Israel Foreign Ministry - Jerusalem
Mail all Queries to

The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement was issued on August 18, 1988. The Islamic
Resistance Movement, also known as the HAMAS, is an extremist fundamentalist Islamic organization
operating in the territories under Israeli control. Its Covenant is a comprehensive manifesto comprised
of 36 separate articles, all of which promote the basic HAMAS goal of destroying the State of Israel
through Jihad (Islamic Holy War). The following are excerpts of the HAMAS Covenant.

Goals of the HAMAS:
'The Islamic Resistance Movement is a distinguished Palestinian movement, whose allegiance is to
Allah, and whose way of life is Islam. It strives to raise the banner of Allah over very inch of
Palestine.' (Article 6)

On the Destruction of Israel:
'Israel will exist and will continue to exist until Islam will obliterate it, just as it obliterated others
before it.' (Preamble)

The Exclusive Moslem Nature of the Area:
'The land of Palestine is an Islamic Waqf [Holy Possession] consecrated for future Moslem
generations until Judgment Day. No one can renounce it or any part, or abandon it or any part of it.'
(Article 11)

'Palestine is an Islamic land... Since this is the case, the Liberation of Palestine is an individual
duty for every Moslem wherever he may be.' (Article 13)

The Call to Jihad:
'The day the enemies usurp part of Moslem land, Jihad becomes the individual duty of every
Moslem. In the face of the Jews' usurpation, it is compulsory that the banner of Jihad be raised.'
(Article 15)

'Ranks will close, fighters joining other fighters, and masses everywhere in the Islamic world will
come forward in response to the call of duty, loudly proclaiming: 'Hail to Jihad!'. This cry will reach
the heavens and will go on being resounded until liberation is achieved, the invaders vanquished and
Allah's victory comes about.' (Article 33)

Rejection of a Negotiated Peace Settlement:
'[Peace] initiatives, and so-called peaceful solutions and international conferences are in contradiction
to the principles of the Islamic Resistance Movement... Those conferences are no more than a means to
appoint the infidels as arbitrators in the lands of Islam... There is no solution for the Palestinian
problem except by Jihad. Initiatives, proposals and international conferences are but a waste of time,
an exercise in futility.' (Article 13)

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