10 Toolkit Worksheets by nh0o4N

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 43

									Worksheet 1a: Hazard Analysis


                                                         2. Location of Community
                                                         According to Hazard Map
                                                      (Check the appropriate column)
                 1. Hazard
                                                  Low             Medium            High
                                               Hazard Zone      Hazard Zone      Hazard Zone

Earthquake
Tsunami
Flood
Storm/Cyclone
Landslide
Drought
Volcano
Fire
Others

Total No. of Hazards under each zone



Climate Change

For climate change related hazards, what is the probability of future hazard conditions?

What is the certainty and confidence of climate change projections for future hazards and their
frequency/likelihood?
                                       3. Historical Data



                       Years of     Frequency /     Category /
                                                                 Duration
                      Occurrence   Return Period     Intensity




conditions?                            High          Medium        Low
e hazards and their
                                       High          Medium        Low
Worksheet 1b: Hazard Analysis (Alternative)
(If there are no hazard maps or the hazard maps/reports/data do not indicate levels of zones)

                                                                                           3. Historical Data
                                        2.Check if community is
             1. Hazard                                                   Years of      Frequency /
                                          prone to the hazard
                                                                        Occurrence    Return Period
Earthquake
Tsunami
Flood
Storm/Cyclone
Landslide
Drought
Volcano
Fire
Others



Climate Change

For climate change related hazards, what is the probability of future hazard
                                                                                           High
conditions?
What is the certainty and confidence of climate change projections for future
                                                                                           High
hazards and their frequency/likelihood?
3. Historical Data
             Category /
                          Duration
              Intensity




              Medium        Low

              Medium        Low
Worksheet 2a: Vulnerability Analysis: Historical Data


                                                                                            2. Historical Data
                                                                             Houses
                                                     Number of
       1. Hazard*      Years of       Number of
                                                      Affected                   Economic
                      Occurrence       Deaths                           Number
                                                      Families                   Damage

Earthquake
Tsunami
Flood
Storm/Cyclone
Landslide
Drought
Volcano
Fire
Others

* You can remove and/or add, based on results of your Hazard Analysis
2. Historical Data
        School buildings        Hospitals         Roads      Agriculture
                                                             Economic
                 Economic             Economic   Economic
    Number                  Number                          Damage and
                 Damage               Damage     Damage
                                                                loss
Worksheet 2b: Vulnerability Analysis: Current Socio-economic Conditions

                                                                                    Socio-Econom
                             Population   Average No.      Human       Education
  Total       Population
                              over 65      of Family    Development    Enrollment
Population   under 5 Years
                               Years       Members       Index (HDI)     Rate
     Socio-Economic Data (Current)
           Average     Sources of           Critical
Poverty
            Family       Family      Infrastructures and
 Rate
           Income       Income        Economic Assets
Worksheet 2c: Vulnerability Analysis: Vulnerable Groups and Socio-Cultural Practices


                                                       Socio-Cultural
    Considered       Put a check (obtain
                                                           Questions for Practices
 Vulnerable Groups   numbers, if you can)
                                            What practices generally make community members
                                            vulnerable to the hazards affecting the area which
                                            are identified in Worksheet 1a?

Children                                    What practices make women and children
                                            particularly vulnerable to the hazards affecting the
Women                                       area which are identified in Worksheet 1a?


HIV/AIDS
                                            What practices make other groups (PWDs,
People with                                 HIV/AIDS, elderly, etc.) particularly vulnerable to the
Disabilities                                hazards affecting the area which are identified in
                                            Worksheet 1a?
Ethnic Groups
(Identify)

                                            What practices make the environment or natural
Environment
                                            resources vulnerable to natural disasters?

                                            What practices make infrastructure, public services
Others                                      and economic assets vulnerable to natural
                                            disasters?
tices




        Answers
Worksheet 3: Capacity Analysis


 1. Components
                                                  2. Information / Questions
   for Analysis
                    Is there an institution that is in-charge of disaster management and climate change
                    adaptation at the province/district and community levels? What is it called? What is
                    its composition? Describe its structures and functions, including working with other
  Institutional     institutions to facilitate policy, if relevant.
 Arrangements
                    Describe the strengths and limitations of the institutions with regard to disaster
                    management (response/relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction, preparedness,
                    prevention and mitigation) and climate change adaptation.
                 Are there existing laws, policies, and regulations governing disaster management,
                 including risk reduction, and climate change adaptation from the national to the
 Laws, Policies, local (province/ district, community)? Describe them.
  Regulations
                 Describe the level of implementation at the local (province/district) and community
                 level.
                    Are there disaster risk management and adaptation plans at the province/district
                    and community levels?

                    Describe the DRM Plan. Is it a preparedness plan, a contingency plan, or a
                    mitigation plan – or does it cover all these? (You may want to ask government
 Disaster Risk
                    officials dealing with sectors if they have integrated into their development plan
 Management
                    elements of DRR and Climate Change Adaptation). Describe the CCA Plan, if
 (DRM) Plans
                    there is one.

                    Describe the extent of the plans’ coverage of hazards and vulnerabilities already
                    identified and the level of implementation. Identify gaps and challenges in the
                    implementation.
                    Is there an early warning system at the province/district and community level? Is it
                    functional?
 Early Warning
                    Do people understand the system? Why or why not?
    System
                    Has the system helped decrease incidence of death due to disasters since its
                    establishment? Why or why not?
                    Are there NGOs and community-based organizations in the area? Name them.
  NGOs and
                    What work do they do in the area? Do they integrate DRR and Climate Change
  Community-
                    Adaptation in their work?
    based
 Organizations      Do NGOs working in the area collaborate with one another? Identify the
                    relationships.
                    What capacity building initiatives have been provided to the government disaster
                    management in-charge at the province/district and community levels? What were
                    these capacity building activities, and when were they held?

Capacity Building
                    What capacity building initiatives have been provided to the CBOs? What were
Capacity Building
                    these capacity building activities, and when were they held? Who conducted them?
                    Did they include climate change issues?
                    What disaster management and climate change adaptation activities have
                    communities participated in? When were these held? Who conducted them?
3. Answers
Worksheet 4: Results of Risk Assessment


       1. Results of Hazard Analysis                2. Results of Vulnerability Analysis

 What single or multiple hazards is the        What are the top five vulnerabilities of the
community faced with? Which are most           community?
significant? Referring to occurrence,           Explain the vulnerabilities in relation to
frequency/return period, intensity and         the identified hazards affecting the
duration as well as exposure of affected       community, and how these make the
families, how do these hazards compare?        community susceptible to those hazards.
 Indicate zone level or significance of the
hazard(s) that the community is vulnerable
to.
 Is there evidence of changing trends in
the hazards, or are new hazards emerging?

                                                                                           Answers
                                                   4. Recommendations to mitigate, prepare
          3. Results of Capacity Analysis
                                                      for, and respond to disaster impacts
    What are the top five capacities available    Given the Hazard Vulnerability Capacity
   in the community?                              Assessments outlined in Worksheet 3,
    Explain their relationships and how they     identify the most pressing assistance
   increase the resilience of the community.      needed to reduce the vulnerabilities and
    Identify the top five weaknesses – how       increase the capacities of the community.
   do they contribute to community
   vulnerabilities?




Answers
Worksheet 5: Hazard Analysis


  1. Hazard Elements                   2. Information / Questions

                            Name and briefly describe the hazard(s)
Hazard*
                            affecting or threatening the community.

                            Where are the specific locations in the
Location                    community that the hazards affect or
                            threaten?
                            Identify the years in which the hazard
                            affected the community, and its impacts
History and future
                            (number of deaths, number of affected
                            families).

                            What is the likelihood of the hazard event?
Frequency
                            How often does it occur?

                            What was the magnitude, scale of the
Intensity                   hazard? (e.g. Richter scale, MMI scale,
                            Beaufort scale or wind speed, flood depth)

Duration                    Length of time of occurrence

                            What is the time gap between warning and
                            impact?
Forewarning
                            What are the warning signs and signals for
                            each hazard affecting the community?

                            Find out the rapidity of hazard arrival and
Speed of onset              impact. Indicate the length of time between
                            warning and arrival of hazard.

                            What secondary impacts of the hazard have
Secondary Hazard
                            the community experienced?
Adopted and modified from ADPC (2006) and Tearfund (2004)

* If more than one type of hazard exists, collect this information for each
3. Answers (based on PRA activities)
Worksheet 6: Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis




    1. Category          2. Information / Questions          3. Vulnerability Situation



Hazard: Flood

                     Sources of income/livelihoods
                     Average household income
                     Expenditure: items and cost
                     Savings
Financial Capital
                     Loans
                     Properties/economic assets (for
                    farm land, include hectares of
                    cultivated area and produce)


                     Existing natural assets, such as
Natural Capital
                    forest, rivers, soil, water, etc.


                     Infrastructure (indicate number):
                    Houses in hazard-prone area,
                    including types such as: roads –
Physical Capital    schools – hospitals – electricity
                    network – dam – temporary shelter
                     Tools & equipment that people
                    use for productive purposes

                    People’s
                     Physical health
Human Capital
                     Knowledge
                     Skills
                     Relationships and networks within
                     the community as well as with
                     people outside the community.
                     These include:
Social Capital        Relationships
                      Committees
                      Networks
                      Cultural practices
                      Values
                      Leadership
Source: modified from the Sustainable Livelihood Framework
* A sample list of recommendations for mitigation measures is found in Annex C, Sector-based Samples
                                 5. Recommendations
4. Existing capacities to     (Actions needed to decrease
  reduce vulnerability         vulnerabilities and increase
                                       capacities)*

                            For community For organization
based Samples
Worksheet 7: Results of Risk Assessment for Design Phase



   1. Results of Hazard Analysis       2. Results of Vulnerability Analysis

 What single or multiple hazards       What are the top five
is the community faced with? Which     vulnerabilities of the community?
are most significant? Referring to      Explain the vulnerabilities in
occurrence, frequency/return period,   relation to the identified hazards
intensity and duration as well as      affecting the community, and how
exposure of affected families, how     these make the community
do these hazards compare?              susceptible to those hazards.
 Is there evidence of changing
trends in the hazards, or are new
hazards emerging?

                                                                            Answers
                                               4. Recommendations:
     3. Results of Capacity Analysis       DRR - mitigate, prepare for, and
                                          respond to disaster impacts; CCA
   What are the top five capacities     Given the Hazard Vulnerability
  available in the community?           Capacity Assessments, identify the
   Explain their relationships and     most pressing assistance needed to
  how they increase the resilience of   reduce the vulnerabilities and increase
  the community.                        the capacities of the community.
   Identify the top five weaknesses
  and discuss them as part of another
  paragraph under vulnerabilities.



Answers
Worksheet 8: Integrated Tool 1 and Tool 2 Risk Assessments



                             2. Results of Hazard           3. Results of Vulnerability
       1. Tool
                                   Analysis                         Analysis




      Tool 1
 (See Worksheet 4)




      Tool 2
 (See Worksheet 7)




          3
Synthesis Statements




** A sample list of recommendations are found in Annex C
** A compendium of indicators for DRR is found in Annex B
                           5. Recommendations:
4. Results of Capacity   DRR - mitigate, prepare for,
      Analysis            and respond to disaster
                              impacts**; CCA
Worksheet 9: DRR Parameters for Review


    1. LEAP
 Component and               2. Parameters for Review                 3. Yes   4. No
     Output
                 2.1 Does the assessment document tackle the
                 hazards that affect the community, including their
                 characteristics?
                 2.2 Does it discuss how the hazards can impact
                 the community?
                 2.3 Does it explain the vulnerabilities of the
                 community?
                 Data related to vulnerabilities includes:
                 Historical data:
                 - Number of deaths
                 - Number of families affected
                 - Number and economic damage of infrastructure
                 such as schools, hospitals, roads and agricultural
                 assets
                 - Livelihoods and economic assets of
                 communities impacted
                 - Properties of communities affected
                 - Public services affected
                 Current socio-economic data:
                 - Total population
                 - Population under 5 years
                 - Population over 65 years
                 - Average number of family members
                 - HDI ranking
                 - Education enrollment rate
                 - Poverty rate
                 - Average family income
                 - Sources of family income
                 - Critical infrastructure
                 - Community properties and economic assets
Assessment       - Public services
Report
                 Vulnerable Groups and Socio-cultural Practices:
                 - Other vulnerable groups: PWDs, HIV/AIDS,
                 women and children
                 - Cultural practices that make everyone,
                 vulnerable groups, environment, infrastructure,
                 economic assets or public services particularly
                 vulnerable to disaster risk
                 2.4 Does it communicate the capacities of the
                 community?
                 Capacities include:
                 - Institutional arrangements
                 - Laws, policies, regulations
                 - Disaster risk management plans; climate
                 change adaptation plans (or CCA integrated in
                 DRM Plan)
                 - Early warning system
                 - Physical capital, e.g. infrastructure
                 - Social capital, e.g. NGOs and community-based
                 organizations
                 - Human capital, e.g. community health,
                 knowledge, skills, and practices
                 - Financial capital, e.g. sources of income, assets
                 (for farm land, indicate hectares of cultivated area
                 and produce)
                 - Natural capital, e.g. natural resources such as
                 forests, rivers, fresh water sources
                 2.5 Does it identify recommendations to reduce
                 vulnerabilities and increase capacities to mitigate,
                 prepare for, and respond to disaster impacts and
                 climate change adaptation?
                 2.6 Does the description of programme and/or
                 project identify the hazards and their behavior as
                 one of the issues confronting the community?
                 2.7 Does the PDD sufficiently explain the
                 vulnerabilities of the community with respect to
                 the hazards?
                 2.8 Does the PDD identify the community
                 capacities and sufficiently explain their links?
                 2.9 Are the different levels of objectives clearly
                 linked to the risk assessment (hazard,
                 vulnerability, capacity), i.e. where relevant, they
                 intentionally and strategically reduce the
                 vulnerabilities and increase capacities? Levels of
                 objectives include: goal, outcomes, outputs,
                 activities, inputs.
Project Design   2.10 Does the log frame reflect intentional and
Document         strategic disaster risk reduction and climate
                 change adaptation in the community?
                 This should include outcomes, outputs, activities
                 and inputs sensitive to the DRR Assessment,
                 including undertaking community-based DRR and
                 CCA as an outcome where appropriate?
Document




           2.11 Do the indicators show a clear link with the
           intended goal and outcomes?
           2.12 Does the log frame identify and address
           risks identified in the DRR Assessment that may
           threaten the achievement of the different levels of
           objectives?
           2.13 Does the PDD identify potential negative
           impacts of the project to the community and
           environment? Does it articulate prevention and/or
           mitigation measures to address possible negative
           project impacts?
5. Recommendations
Worksheet 10: Monitoring of DRR Integration based on the PDD


   1. Stage                  2. Information / Questions

                2.1 Are baseline data well-established to be able
                to track project progress and impact?
                2.2 Do the indicators capture the intended
                results/outcomes and impact in the lives of the
                community? Of the vulnerable groups?
                 2.3 Do monitoring and evaluation tools capture
Prior to project DRR concerns and measures stipulated in the
implementation PDD, including their integration in the entire
                 project cycle?
                2.4 Are monitoring and evaluation tools and
                approaches participatory?
                2.5 Do staff have the necessary understanding
                and capability? Is capacity building undertaken to
                enable staff?
                2.6 Are the inputs (human and financial) provided
                as stated in the approved budget of the PDD?
                2.7 Are activities and outputs delivered according
                to the timeline indicated in the Detailed
                Implementation Plan of the PDD?
                2.8 Are desired outcomes resulting from the
                activities and outputs as indicated in the PDD?
                2.9 What unintended outputs and outcomes have
                emerged? Are they indicated in project reports?
During project 2.10 Are the management structures and
implementation mechanisms to ensure DRR and CCA integration
               and consideration of vulnerable groups carried out
               within the project?
               2.11 Are there ongoing capacity building activities
               for staff to ensure that their needs to meet
               emerging challenges are addressed?
               2.12 Are monitoring and evaluation tools and
               approaches carried out to be participatory to really
               understand the outcomes and impacts of the
               project to the lives of communities? Of vulnerable
               groups?
on the PDD


             3. Answers (Explain and provide
             recommendations, if necessary)
Worksheet 11: Evaluating DRR Integration based on the PDD


Parameters for
                             Information / Questions
  Evaluation
                   3 Was the project well-conceived given the
                   risk assessments?
                   4 How did the project respond to the
                   identified needs of the target
                   community/ies?
Relevance
                   5 How did project respond to the particular
                   needs of vulnerable groups, e.g. children,
                   women, elderly, PWDs, etc.
                   6 To what extent does it contribute to the
                   overall programme?
                   7 To what extent have the planned
                   results/outcomes been achieved?
                   8 What has affected achievement of
Effectiveness
                   results/outcomes?
                   9 How did vulnerable groups participate in
                   the project?
                   10 To what extent has the project
                   contributed to longer term outcomes of the
                   programme?
                   11 What were unintended/unanticipated
                   outcomes (positive and negative)?
Impacts            12 Has the project enhanced the status and
                   capacities of vulnerable groups in adapting
                   to climate change and preparing for and
                   responding to, and mitigating disasters?
                   13 Are there sex-disaggregated data
                   available to analyze how their situation has
                   14 Was the project delivered in a timely
Efficiency
                   and cost-effective manner?
                   15 Is there an enabling environment that
Sustainability
                   supports ongoing positive impacts?
                   16 To what extent is the project replicable
External Utility
                   in another situation?

* The Project Evaluator may have additional parameters and information.
ed on the PDD


                   Answers (for the Project Evaluator
                    and relevant World Vision staff)*




and information.
Worksheet 12: Monitoring Hazard Changes


  1. Hazard                                                                    3. Description of the cha
                        2. Information / Questions
  Elements                                                         (based on the results of Worksheet 5
                                                                Year 1
              Hazards affecting or threatening the
Hazard
              community.
              Specific locations in the community that the
Location
              hazards affect or threaten.
              Years in which the hazard affected the
History and
              community, and its impacts (no. of deaths; no.
future
              of affected families).
              Likelihood of the hazard event? How often
Frequency
              does it occur?
              Magnitude, scale (e.g. Richter scale, MMI
Intensity     scale, Beaufort scale or wind speed, flood
              depth).
Duration      Length of time of occurrence.
            Time gap between warning and impact.
Forewarning Warning signs and signals for each hazard
            affecting the community.
              Rapidity of hazard arrival and impact. Indicate
Speed of
              the length of time between warning and arrival
onset
              of hazard.
Secondary     Secondary impacts of the hazard to the
Hazard        community.
Adopted and modified from ADPC (2006) and Tearfund (2004)
          3. Description of the changes
ased on the results of Worksheet 5, Hazard Analysis)
                     Year 2                      Year 3
Worksheet 13: Monitoring Vulnerability and Capacity Changes


                                                                                         Description of the changes
  1. Category               2. Information / Questions
                                                                 (based on the results of Worksheet 6, Vulnerability
                                                                      Year 1
                  • Sources of income/livelihoods
                  • Average household income
Financial         • Expenditure: items and cost
Capital           • Savings
                  • Loans
                  • Properties/Economic assets

                  • Existing natural assets, such as forest,
Natural Capital
                  rivers, soil, water, etc.

                 • Infrastructure
                 - Houses in hazard-prone area, including
                 types
                 - Roads
                 - Schools
Physical Capital - Hospitals
                 - Electricity network
                 - Dams
                 - Temporary shelter
                 • Tools, equipment that people use for
                 productive purposes

              People’s
              • Physical health
Human Capital
              • Knowledge
              • Skills
                  Relationships and networks within the
                  community as well as with people outside the
                  community. These include:
                  • Relationships
Social Capital    • Committees
                  • Networks
                  • Cultural practices
                  • Values
                  • Leadership
Source: modified from the Sustainable Livelihood Framework
                     Description of the changes
sed on the results of Worksheet 6, Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis)
                              Year 2                      Year 3
Worksheet 14: Summary and Recommendations


                                  Description of the changes (Copy
No.            Elements of Risk
                                   results of Worksheets 12 & 13)

1. Hazard Situation

      a. Location
      b. History
      c. Frequency
      d. Intensity
      e. Duration
      f. Forewarning
      g. Speed of onset
      h. Secondary hazard
2. Community Vulnerability &
   Capacity
   a. Human Capital
      b. Financial Capital
      c. Physical Capital
      d. Natural Capital
      e. Social Capital
  Impacts to project
                         Contribution of project
(actual and potential)




   not applicable
   not applicable
   not applicable
   not applicable
   not applicable
   not applicable
Recommendations

								
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