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Useful expressions for speaking

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Useful expressions for speaking Powered By Docstoc
					STAGE 2
INTRODUCING INFORMATION AND LISTING POINTS  Firstly …/ Primarily … / Most importantly … / This candidate .../ The first proposal …  Secondly. .. / Then, …  The most important quality... / Another interesting point about the candidate is …  Finally, this candidate / proposal also …  If chosen, this candidate would provide …  The only disadvantage is / The only downside is … / The only drawback is … RECOMMENDING  I’d recommend …  I prefer … to …  Firstly, … would greatly improve  It would certainly help … if …  I would not / I don’t recommend …. Because STAGE 3 JUSTIFYING VIEWPOINTS … on the grounds that … .. mainly because … This is due to the fact that … The main reason behind this is... Exemplifying … for example … … such as … In fact, …. COMPARING AND CONTRASTING / EXPRESSING ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES  From the two options… I believe … is the better choice because ….  ..is much more .. than …because  However, the downside of  One of the difficulties of …  The only disadvantage is that …  A key advantage is that …  Even though …. Is ….., it would …. REACHING A DECISION  Well, I partly agree with you but …  Yes, but don’t forget that …  I suppose you are right about that but …  That’s one view but …  It seems that we both feel / agree that … STAGE 4 PRESENTING AN OPTION  To begin with, I believe …  The main reason behind this …  This is largely due to the fact that …  Another reason that makes .. the most suitable choice is …

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Another reason why we support this is …

STAGE 5 DEFENDING A DECISION  What I mean is …  I don’t believe that …  In other words, …  To be perfectly honest, I …  What I am trying to say is that …  The way I see it …  As a result, … OTHER USEFUL EXPRESSIONS..

Expressing an Opinion To my mind, … As I see it, … As far as I’m concerned, … Personally speaking, … If it were up to me, I’d say that Generally speaking, I believe that… I firmly believe that Giving reasons / justifying The main reason why I feel this is because … One of the reasons why … is that … Considering both sides On one hand, … On the other hand, … Some people feel that, but others say… Although it is true that …, it could also be argued that … It is true that …., but there is also a major disadvantage to …. Expressions for Challenging an Argument I'm sorry, but I'm afraid you're missing the point. No, I believe that's really not true. So what exactly are you talking about? In the case of . . . , this is simply not so. I find this really hard to believe. What you don't seem to fully understand is . . . AGREEMENT Agreement with an unfavorable opinion (with an expression of regret). A: His speech was boring B: Yes, I am afraid it was / I have to agree that it was / I must say I found it so. Emphasizing your agreement. A: It was an interesting exhibition, wasn’t it? B: Yes, it was superb/absolutely splendid!

A: A referendum will satisfy everybody. B:Yes, definitely/quite/absolutely/ I absolutely agree/I couldn’t agree more/I quite agree/ I agree entirely. A: A referendum will not satisfy everybody. B:Definitely not/It certainly won’t/You are absolutely right, it won’t/ I agree that it won’t. / Exactly / Yes, I quite agree / That’s quite true. Other ways of expressing agreement are: That’s just what I was thinking. You know, that’s exactly what I think. That’s a good point. Qualified agreement Certainly it’s true that …, but on the other hand… I can see that…. But surely… I am in total agreement with you about… but we also have to consider…. Agreed, BUT if we accept… then it must also be true that… Corroboration We can also agree, and add a further point to corroborate or confirm the argument Yes, and in fact…. Yes, and what is more… I agree, and in fact one might go so far as to say… Absolutely. Actually, I would go further, and say… DISAGREEMENT Notice that you need to be very polite when disagreeing with someone in English: A: English is a difficult language to learn. B: -I am afraid I disagree with you: some languages are even more difficult, I think. - TRUE, but the grammar is quite easy. -Yes, but it’s not so difficult as Russian. -Do you think so? Actually, I find it quite easy. The commonest ways to express disagreement are as follows: Yes, that’s quite true, but… I’m not sure I quite agree. Well, you have a point there, but… Perhaps, but I don’t think that… I see what you mean, but… I am afraid I can’t agree with you there.

More formal ways I cannot go along with that. Well, I think I would take issue with that I wholly and totally disagree Asking for Opinions Do you agree that . . .? Can you really believe that . . .? How do you respond to the fact/opinion that . . .? Responding to Opinions I'm not sure exactly, but . . . It's hard for me to believe it, but . . . Generally speaking, I feel that . . . Asking for clarification Would you mind repeating that, please? I’m sorry, what do you mean by …? I’m sorry, I didn’t catch that . Sorry, I don’t quite understand. That’s exactly how I feel. Hesitating Expressions Well, actually . . . Let's see now . . . Well, let me think . . . Yes, that's a good question . . . Umm… as I was saying… Hmmm, it’s on the tip of my tongue … Framing an Argument The real question is, . . . I mean, you'd have to agree that . . . The point I want to make . . . Let me just pose a question: . . . I would say specifically that . . . The thing we need to look at is . . . Opening Phrases Well, there's no simple answer to that . . . Well . . . that's a complicated issue . . . Hmm . . . that's a tough one . . . Follow-up Phrases You might say . . . (but you could also say . . .) One way to look at it is . . . (another way . . .) You could think that . . . (but perhaps . . .) Similarity Likewise, Similarly,

. . . is similar to . . . in that . . .

Contrast In contrast, However, . . . is different from . . . in that . . . Phrases for Expressing Doubts or Reservations That's unclear. I think . . . Yes, but . . . Who knows if . . . I can see what you're getting at, but . . . I have some doubts about that. For example, . . . The thing I question is whether . . .


				
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posted:10/13/2009
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