Hazard database by yTLGz9

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									                                           MINING HAZARDS DATABASE
             This Excel workbook applies to Hazards in Coal Mining Operations and their Methods of Control
The data in this workbook was compiled by assessing the hazards that could exist in each coal mining activity or element, the mechanisms driving those hazards and
controls needed for those mechanisms. The original data came from multi disciplinary teams of mineworkers, mine management, inspectors of mines, and where relevant,
experts from other fields. Prior to this spreadsheet version, the initial database was written by the then Technical Services Unit of the Queensland Mines Inspectorate in Lotus
Notes format.
NOTE - Although developed for use in the coal mining industry, many of the hazards, mechanisms and controls are applicable in metalliferous mines, quarries, general
construction work and bulk transportation. This particularly applies to hazards such as diseases, exposure to noise, vibration and dust contained in the General section
WORKBOOK                                                                                                                                                           The
information in the workbook has five accessible sections - General Mining Hazards, Surface Mining Hazards, Underground Mining Hazards, Alerts by Hazard, and Heirarchy
of Controls. The first 3 sections are divided to cover the Hazards and Methods of Control. This follows the format of the Queensland Coal Mining Safety and Health
Regulation 2001. Effective control of Hazards: should be ordered as per Heirarchy of Controls (see link).
To access any section click on the section hyperlinks below                                                                             Hierarchy of
                                                                                                                                            Controls
               Definition of Hazard (s19) from Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999
                           A Hazard is a thing or a situation with potential to cause injury or illness to a person.

          General Mining                               Surface                         Underground Mining               Alerts by
             Hazards                               Mining Hazards                           Hazards          and / or    Hazard

WORKSHEETS
The main activities in each section are accessed by clicking on the hyperlinks on each sections introduction screen. Each main activity worksheet contains, as a minimum, a
listing of hazards, associated mechanisms that can cause those hazards, controls that could be adopted and references that can be consulted. Some main activity sheets
with many facets are further subdivided into sub activity categories.
NOTE There are hyperlinks from the Hazard worksheets to Significant Incidents, Safety alerts and Safety Bulletins, and links from the respective incidents, alerts and
bulletins sheets to the Hazard worksheets.

To return to the opening screen of each section (General, Surface or Underground) click on the hyperlink at the start of each main activity area
To return to the start of each main activity area click on the hyperlink in any row in column A of a worksheet.

This spreadsheet is controlled electronically. Current copy is the available copy on the internet.


               Useful Links to Other Websites
               DNRM - Safety & Health - Health Improvement & Awareness Committee (HIAC)
               DNRM - Safety & Health - Occupational Health
               Health & Safety Executive (HSE)
               Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA)
               Minerals Industry Risk Management Gateway (MIRMGATE)
               National Institute of Occupational Health & Safety (NIOSH)
               Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
               Workplace Health & Safety




                                                                                                                                                                                   a149c248-75eb-4c8d-af9b-6db11afaeeef.xls
                                               GENERAL MINING HAZARDS
          LIST OF MAIN ACTIVITY AREAS. THESE WORKSHEETS APPLY TO ALL MINING OPERATIONS.

To view HAZARDS, MECHANISMS and CONTROLS click on main activity hyperlinks below. Click on MENU on each sheet to
return to start.

       Contaminated Air                                Dust                             Exposure to Heat                Fatigue

        Fitness for Duty                    Hazardous Substances                             Hygiene                    Lighting

       Manual Handling                        Mine Worker Rehab                  Noise_Hearing Loss               PPE                       Physiological


           Radiation                           Risk Management                        Safety Management            Slipping - Tripping

       Stored Energy
   Hazardous Substances                             Vibration
                                                  Hearing Loss                            Hygiene
                                                                                    Working in / near water             Lighting
                                                                                                                  Working near fixed equipment

    Working Environment

To return to the opening screen of each section (General, Surface or Underground) click on the hyperlink
                                                                                                                              Go to Main
To return to the start of each main activity area click on the hyperlink in any row in column A of a worksheet.              Section Menu
                                                     SURFACE HAZARDS
        LIST OF MAIN ACTIVITY AREAS. THESE WORKSHEETS APPLY TO SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS


To view HAZARDS, MECHANISMS and CONTROLS click on main activity links below. Click on MENU on each sheet to return to start

   Confined Spaces                   Dredging                       Electrical              Equipment Operation          Explosions


Explosive Manufacture            Explosive Tools                 Explosive Use              Feeders - Reclaimers    Ground Control - Spoil


   Highwall Mining             Mobile Equipment             Non-mobile Equipment            Stockpiles, Handling,     Sumps, Drainage
                                                              (Bins, buildings)             Dumping, Reclaiming

       Stockpiles                   Trenching                 Tailings Dam, Dumps


To return to the opening screen of each section (General, Surface or Underground) click on the hyperlink                       Go to Main
                                                                                                                                Section
To return to the start of each main activity area click on the hyperlink in any row in column A of a worksheet.                  Menu
                                                  UNDERGROUND HAZARDS

 LIST OF MAIN ACTIVITY AREAS. THESE WORKSHEETS APPLY TO UNDERGROUND COAL MINING OPERATIONS
To view HAZARDS, MECHANISMS and CONTROLS click on the main activity links below. Click on MENU on each sheet to return to
start


     Blindshaft, Raise               Coal Production                  Coal Storage               Drifting Operations     Electrical
          Boring

Explosive Mixture Sources            Explosives Use                         Fire                     Fire Fighting         Gas


General U/G construction            Ignition Sources             Irrespirable Atmosphere                  Mechanical      Mine Design


                                         Restricted Items            Sealing Operations                Shaft Sinking   Strata Control
    Provision of Services

         Transport                      Ventilation


To return to the opening screen of each section (General, Surface or Underground) click on the hyperlink                        Go to Main
To return to the start of each main activity area click on the hyperlink in any row in column A of a worksheet.                Section Menu
                                                     Safety alerts
Alert no. & web link                                          Title                                         Link to HAZARD Worksheet
004 (PDF, 414kB)       Office of the Commissioner - Occupational Noise                                          Noise_Hearing Loss
292 (PDF, 130kB)       Rear dump truck collision and fatigue                                                    Fatigue near fixed
                                                                                                                Working                       Fitness for Duty
291 (PDF, 75kB)        SA291: Fatality on a minesite                                                            equipm ent                                       Non Mobile Equip, Bins, Build''s
                                                                                                                                              Equipm ent operation
287 (PDF, 154kB)       Alloy rim cracking failure                                                               Mobile Equipm ent (surface)   Equipm ent
286 (PDF, 472kB)       Coal mine w orker hit by loose discharge hose                                            Risk Managem ent              operation
                                                                                                                                              Mechanical         Stored Energy         Safety Managem ent
003 (PDF, 61kB)        Office of the Commissioner - Rail Corridors on Coal mine sites                           Risk Managem ent              Hazards
285 (PDF, 66kB)        Inappropriate use of pre-w orkout supplements                                            Fitness for Duty
284 (PDF, 116kB)       Severe acid burns to foot as drain collapses                                             Haz Subs                      PPE                   Non Mobile Equip, Bins, Builds
283 (PDF, 180kB)       Screenbox flyw heel failures on Pow erscreen® Chieftain 2-deck screening plants          Stored Energy
282 (PDF, 92kB)        Catastrophic structural failure of excavator boom                                        Working Environm ent          Mobile Equipm ent
281 (PDF, 60kB)        Fire ants found in mining equipment in Roma                                              Working Environm ent
280 (PDF, 184kB)       Emergency refuge bay explosion                                                           Explosive Mixture Sources     Ignition Sources
279 (PDF, 66kB)        Park safely to prevent uncontrolled vehicle movement                                     Mobile Equipm ent             Safety Managem ent
276 (PDF, 71kB)        Articulated dump truck rollover                                                          Mobile Equipm ent             Safety Managem ent
275 (PDF, 55kB)        Tyre blast air catches three maintenance personnel                                       Stored Energy
274 (PDF, 55kB)        Rear boom arm pivot failure on load haul dump unit                                       Mobile Equipm ent
273 (PDF, 65kB)        Hydraulic hoses fail on excavator boom                                                   Stored Energy
272 (PDF, 70kB)        Ignition on the surface at a seam borehole                                               Ignition Sources
002 (PDF, 164kB)       Office of the Comissioner - Proximity-detection systems                                  Working Environm ent
271 (PDF, 80kB)        Longw all fluid-injection injury                                                         Stored Energy
270 (PDF, 226kB)       Managing underground coal mine contractors                                               Provision of Services
269 (PDF, 220kB)       Open cut blast fume                                                                      Contam inated Air
268 (PDF, 220kB)       Unauthorised use of auxillary fan                                                        Provision of Services         Ventilation
267 (PDF, 72kB)        Incorrect use of Victaulic flexible coupling SC 77                                       Stored Energy
266 (PDF, 251kB)       Managing hot-seat changeovers                                                            Working Environm ent
265 (PDF, 245kB)       Blast exclusion zones                                                                    Stored Energy
264 (PDF, 310kB)       Hazard of backfeed on some UPS units
001 (PDF, 172kB)       Earthmover tyre and rim safety                                                           Stored Energy
263 (PDF, 536kB)       Non-slew ing articulated mobile cranes tipping
260 (PDF, 245kB)       Failure of explosion protection on underground diesel engine systems
259 (PDF, 86kB)        Injury from a hardened steel sledgehammer
258 (PDF, 78kB)        Rail safety at coal mines
255 (PDF, 342kB)       Fire on an underground loader
253 (PDF, 36kB)        Electric shock from w elding equipment
251 (PDF, 250kB)       Safe operation of light vehicles
249 (PDF, 116kB)       Injury w hile w orking from a loader bucket
248 (PDF, 257kB)       Facial impact injury from fuel tank cap releasing under pressure                         Stored Energy
247 (PDF, 184kB)       Trucks tipping over the edge
246 (PDF, 72kB)        Driving w hile fatigued                                                                  Fatigue                       Fitness for Duty      Physiological
245 (PDF, 67kB)        Serious crush injury from jumbo development drill boom
243 (PDF, 71kB)        Injury w hile w orking on jaw crusher spring assembly
242 (PDF, 361kB)       Electrical shocks from laboratory ovens/furnaces
241 (PDF, 116kB)       Rupture of High Pressure Hydraulic Line                                                  Stored Energy
237 (PDF, 109kB)       Rear Dump Truck Drives Over Light Vehicle
233 (PDF, 70kB)                                                                                                 Haz Subs
                       Risk of nervous system disorder from inhaling electrical cleaning solvent vapours containing 1 Bromopropane
232 (PDF, 179kB)       Vehicle collisions - how long before it's really bad?                                    Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
231 (PDF, 184kB)       Arc flash injuries received from 22kV ring main unit
228 (PDF, 58kB)        Fatal Accident - Loader Enters Open Stope
224 (PDF, 526kB)       Flushing Canister Bursts                                                                 Stored Energy
223 (PDF,67kB)         Apprentice Injured While Maintaining Mobile Crusher
221 (PDF, 74kB)        Flameproof Alternator Electrical Protection Systems
220 (PDF, 84kB)        Arcing Fault Causes Flash Burns and Equipment Damage                                     Electrical (surface)
219 (PDF, 65kB)        Man Basket Security
218 (PDF, 101kB)       Fatal Impact of Light Vehicle into Rear of Heavy Vehicle                                 Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
217 (PDF, 60kB)        Unplanned Movement of Tow ed Equipment                                                   Mobile Equipm ent (surface)   Mechanical
216 (PDF, 130kB)       Chain falls from blasthole drill rig, hitting w orker                                    Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
215 (PDF, 172kB)       6" Gate Valve Failure                                                                    Mechanical
213 (PDF, 60kB)        Uncontrolled Acceleration of Light Vehicle w hen 2-Way radio w as used
212 (PDF, 66kB)        Fatal Crush Injury on Exploration Site
211 (PDF, 134kB)       Light Vehicle Rim Cracking                                                               Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
                                                                                                                                              Mobile Equipm ent
210 (PDF, 133kB)       Dozer Falls from Bench                                                               Ground Control-Spoil Dum ps       (surface)
209 (PDF, 100kB)       Contamination of Fresh/Potable Water Supply
208 (PDF, 115kB)       Incorrectly Assembled Split Rims on Forklift                                         Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
207 (PDF, 70kB)        Recent Electrical Equipment Failures and Workmanship Issues                          Ignition Sources
206 (PDF, 74kB)        Crushed Betw een Mobile Equipment                                                    Transport
205 (PDF, 110kB)       Heavy and Light Vehicle Interaction                                                  Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
204 (PDF, 60kB)        Machinery Operating Zones                                                            Mechanical
203 (PDF, 194kB)       Fatality Involving Mobile Crushing Plant
202 (PDF, 68kB)        Capsized Pump Pontoon
200 (PDF, 71kB)        Management of Contractors and Contractors' Obligations
198 (PDF, 60kB)        Product Recall: City Technology 4CF Carbon Monoxide Sensor
196 (PDF, 109kB)       Mine Worker Suffers Chemical Burns to Eyes due to High Pressure Fluid Release        Haz Subs
194 (PDF, 141kB)       Well Done! Collision Saved by Centre Rill on Haul Road                               Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
193 (PDF, 1kB)         Failure of Co-Disposal Basalt-Lined 'Y' Piece
192 (PDF, 108kB)       Dump truck brake failure and rollover at escape ramp                                 Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
189 (PDF, 87kB)        Failures of Flameproof Plug and Receptacle                                           Coal Production
187 (PDF, 70kB)        Vehicle/Mobile plant support stands                                                  Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
184 (PDF, 96kB)        Failure of Lifeline/Fall Arrest Equipment                                            Working Environm ent
183 (PDF, 107kB)       Hand Crushed in Longw all Bretby Cable Handler                                       Coal Production
180 (PDF, 91kB)        Tw o mine w orkers engulfed by a fire ball receive serious burns                     Ignition Sources
179 (PDF, 117kB)       Light Vehicle / Heavy Vehicle Interaction                                            Non Mobile Equip, (surface)
                                                                                                            Mobile Equipm ent bins,
177 (PDF, 91kB)        Mobile Crib Hut Blow n Over During Storm                                             buildings
                                                                                                                                              Electrical
174 (PDF, 111kB)       Mine Worker Contacts 11kV Overhead Pow erline                                        Electrical (surface)              (surface)
173 (PDF, 82kB)        Rubber Tyred Equipment
171 (PDF, 186kB)       Fatality involving Hitachi LX 100 Series 1 Wheel Loader
168 (PDF, 92kB)        Uncontrolled Rock fall from a Dig face
165 (PDF, 81kB)        Stored Energy While Manual Handling
164 (PDF, 94kB)        Strata Support Failure
163 (PDF, 134kB)       Incorrect Isolation of Conveyor
162 (PDF, 91kB)        Shuttle Car Lunged Forw ard
161 (PDF, 132kB)       Machinery "No Go" Zones
160 (PDF, 92kB)        Compressed Air Pipeline Failure
159 (PDF, 77kB)        Dogman crushed w hile removing propel shaft from dragline
158 (PDF, 78kB)        Ignition of Gas in surface drill holes                                               Ignition Sources
157 (PDF, 77kB)        Trailing cable damage at longw all midface
156 (PDF, 45kB)        Tow ing of longw all chocks almost results in fatalities
153 (PDF, 81kB)        Incorrect apparent specification - lifting accessories
151 (PDF, 31kB)        Legionnaires Disease
150 (PDF, 45kB)        Park brake failure, truck rolls aw ay
149 (PDF, 52kB)        Oil filled circuit breaker failure
148 (PDF, 32kB)        High-potential incidents involving shuttle cars and ramcars
147 (PDF, 35kB)        Vehicle loading cranes - operating hazards
146 (PDF, 36kB)        Fire on a personnel transport vehicle
145 (PDF, 29kB)        Burns from hot radiator fluid after oil cooler failure
144 (PDF, 41kB)        Overhead crane dislodged by rear dump tray
143 (PDF, 23kB)        Monorail incident
142 (PDF, 23kB)        Theft of explosives
139 (PDF, 26kB)        Dump truck steering becomes inoperative
138 (PDF, 43kB)        Tyre handler clamping fork failure
136 (PDF, 72kB)        Fatal injury to prime mover operator as rim assembly fails
133 (PDF, 39kB)        Fatal fire at quarry residence
129 (PDF, 104kB)       Kanga loader overbalances catapulting operator into pit
128 (PDF, 128kB)       Uncontrolled fall of drill rod: driller's offsider injured
127 (PDF, 39kB)        Ventilation control devices
126 (PDF, 48kB)        Fixed grinder w heel failure
125 (PDF, 109kB)       Care With Neutral-Connected Impedance Systems,
124 (PDF, 38kB)        Incident w ith 2 remote control transmitters
123 (PDF, 38kB)        Conveyor inspections
122 (PDF, 37kB)        SA 122: Detection of methane layering
121 (PDF, 81kB)        Conveyor collapses due to rope failure
120 (PDF, 48kB)        Sw ivel gantry collapse
119 (PDF, 50kB)        Injury to driller from flying materials from drill hole
118 (PDF, 183kB)       Serious Injury To Tw o Persons While Cleaning Car Body of an Excavator
117 (PDF, 127kB)       Underground loader electrical fault
116 (PDF, 38kB)        Care w ith neutral-connected impedance systems
115 (PDF, 134kB)       Forklift tyne frame failure
114 (PDF, 125kB)       Hoist rope failure injures visitor
113 (PDF, 137kB)       Failure of plastic compressed air pipe fittings
112 (PDF, 118kB)       Fire at an M I B C pump
111 (PDF, 168kB)       Ten year old injured at his father's quarry
110 (PDF, 153kB)       Bare electrical conductors
109 (PDF, 181kB)       Transformer primary protection fails to isolate fault
108 (PDF, 181kB)       Gas barbecue safety
107 (PDF, 149kB)       Rear hub failure and subsequent fire
106 (PDF, 135kB)       Disabled safety shut dow n circuit
105 (PDF, 134kB)       'Jump starting' of mobile vehicles                                                   Electrical (surface)
104 (PDF, 145kB)       Fault on 11,000V trailing cable                                                      Electrical (surface)
103 (PDF, 145kB)       Excavator damages buried 11,000V cable                                               Electrical (surface)
102 (PDF, 151kB)       Articulated w ater truck rolls over                                                  Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
101 (PDF, 114kB)       Quick release victaulic pipe couplings w ithout safety clips could be deadly
100 (PDF, 138kB)       Eye penetration injury w hilst grinding
99 (PDF, 44kB)         Steering tie-rod failure in dump truck
98 (PDF, 391kB)        Inappropriate safety props                                                           Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
97 (PDF, 144kB)        Restricting access to hazardous areas, how important are safety rills/berms?
96 (PDF, 139kB)        Uncontrolled release of methane from drainage range                                  Explosive Mixture Sources
95 (PDF, 136kB)        Eimco hits methane drainage pipeline                                                 Explosive Mixture Sources
94 (PDF, 141kB)        Trapped/crushed by rib coal beside continuous miner                                  Coal Production
93 (PDF, 111kB)        Operation of hydraulic controlled lighting plants
92 (PDF, 135kB)        Electric shock from nylon jacket                                                     Electrical
91 (PDF, 150kB)        Trip sw itch defeated on pug mill chamber                                            Working Environm ent
90 (PDF, 133kB)        Gloving of roof bolts                                                                Strata Control
89 (PDF, 134kB)        Sulphide dust                                                                        Explosives Use
88 (PDF, 141kB)        Incorrect truck service manual                                                       Working Environm ent
87 (PDF, 136kB)        Fire in mutli-floor screen house                                                     Working Environm ent
86 (PDF, 141kB)        Mobile crane drops load                                                              Equipm ent Operation
85 (PDF, 162kB)        Underground vehicle engine flame                                                     Transport
83 (PDF, 159kB)        Violent tyre rupture on dump truck                                                   Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
82 (PDF, 390kB)        Failure of an isolation device                                                       Equipm ent Operation
81 (PDF, 163kB)        Exposure to U.V. radiation from mercury vapour lamp                                  Radiation
80 (PDF, 138kB)        Exothermic jointing kits                                                             Working Environm ent
79 (PDF, 129kB)        Fatality caused through the operation of a vehicle loading crane                     Working Environm ent
78 (PDF, 17kB)         Plant operator's legs caught in pug mill                                             Mobile Equipm ent (surface)       Mobile Equipm ent
77 (PDF, 7kB)          Dumping over tip heads                                                               Ground Control - Spoil
76 (PDF, 9kB)          Inadvertent operation of longw all shearer                                           Mechanical
75 (PDF, 15kB)         Recent 1000 volt circuit breaker failures                                            Electrical (surface)
74 (PDF, 13kB)         Exposed live 11Kv cable plug                                                         Electrical
73 (PDF, 13kB)         Aerosol can explodes due to exposure to heat                                         Explosives Use (surface)
72 (PDF, 116kB)        Failure to properly isolate electrical conductors                                    Electrical (surface)
71 (PDF, 147kB)        Blast hole drill carousel stem lock failure                                          Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
70 (PDF, 141kB)        Contractor struck by bull gear cover                                                 Safety Managem ent
68 (PDF, 140kB)        Drill rig feed table cracks                                                          Equipm ent Operation
67 (PDF, 112kB)        Hose drum w eighing 10 Kg falls 5 metres from drilling rig                           Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
66 (PDF, 109kB)        Cracks in steering ball joints on rear dump truck                                    Working Environm ent
65 (PDF, 106kB)        Amputation of part of thumb                                                          Safety Managem ent
63 (PDF, 103kB)        Plunger from hydraulic cylinder becomes a 18Kg projectile                            Stored Energy
62 (PDF, 114kB)        Dangerous transportation of explosives underground                                   Explosives Use
61 (PDF, 169kB)        Electric shock from circuit breaker test                                             Electrical (surface)              Electrical (UG)
60 (PDF, 103kB)        Failure of high pressure hydraulic fitting                                           Stored Energy                     Mechanical
59 (PDF, 23kB)         Welding around borecole                                                              Ignition Sources
58 (PDF, 6kB)          Falling rock from endw all causes personal injury                                    Ground Control-Spoil Dum ps
57 (PDF, 8kB)          Dragline operation w hen personnel in pit                                            Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
56 (PDF, 8kB)          Eimco 913 lhd runaw ay                                                               Mechanical
55 (PDF, 139kB)        Overloading crane w hile clearing a rock w edged in a crusher                        Mechanical
54 (PDF, 146kB)        Eimco lift baskets - know the potential hazards                                      Mechanical
53 (PDF, 146kB)        Boulder damages truck cabin during loading                                           Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
52 (PDF, 135kB)        Electric shock: high resistance decontactor earth connection                         Working Environm ent
51 (PDF, 74kB)         Canister fire suppression system failure                                             Safety Managem ent                Fire Fighting
50 (PDF, 6kB)          Buried 11Kv cable damaged                                                            Electrical (surface)
49 (PDF, 10kB)         Communication w ith emergency services
48 (PDF, 9kB)          Broken 66Kv overhead aerial falls to the ground
47 (PDF, 24kB)         Emergency brake fails to engage - off highw ay dump truck                            Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
46 (PDF, 6kB)          Methane burning at top of surface exploration boreholes                              Ignition Sources
45 (PDF, 129kB)        Gecko's damage sw itchboard                                                          Electrical (surface)
44 (PDF, 12kB)         Operator fatally crushed betw een continuous miner and rib spall                     Strata Control
43 (PDF, 105kB)        Exposed live conductors underground                                                  Electrical
42 (PDF, 196kB)        Non-compliant back to back coupler                                                   Working Environm ent
41 (PDF, 13kB)         Aro mobile bolter ran aw ay w hen parked on steep slope
40 (PDF, 55kB)         Semi-trailer tips over on side
39 (PDF, 17kB)         Hit by dislodging debris w hile w orking on dragline bucket                                                            Mobile Equipm ent
37 (PDF, 16kB)         Rear dump truck pulls energised 6,600V cable in half                                 Electrical (surface)              (surface)
36 (PDF, 184kB)        Remote control malfunction                                                           Mechanical
35 (PDF, 25kB)         Blasting incident - high potential                                                   Explosives Use (surface)
34 (PDF, 90kB)         Faulty ladders and emergency procedures                                              Working Environm ent
33 (PDF, 26kB)         Check energy sources isolated before w ork commences                                 Mechanical
32 (PDF, 22kB)         Aluminium gas cylinders                                                              Restricted item s
31 (PDF, 25kB)         Incorrect removal of hydraulic hoses                                                 Mechanical
30 (PDF, 72kB)         Electric motor overheats                                                             Vibration
29 (PDF, 29kB)         Tyre rim assembly blew apart                                                         Mobile Equipm ent (surface)
28 (PDF, 72kB)         Mobile crane splits in tw o
27 (PDF, 85kB)         On-highw ay quarry truck spare w heel causes fatality
26 (PDF, 25kB)         Shuttle-car loss of steering control threatens pedestrian                            Mechanical
25 (PDF, 25kB)         Electrical enclosure over temperature protection.                                    Ignition Sources
24 (PDF, 26kB)         Safe w orking positions
23 (PDF, 22kB)         Arm caught in machinery                                                              Mechanical
22 (PDF, 746kB)        Highw all collapse onto highw all miner launch vehicle                               Ground Control-Spoil Dum ps
21 (PDF, 139kB)        Unplanned movement of equipment                                                      Working Environm ent
20 (PDF, 138kB)        Look after electrical protection back up batteries
19 (PDF, 137kB)        Wire feed unit w elder energised the job                                             Electrical (surface)
18 (PDF, 721kB)        13 meter fall off bosun's chair dow n mine shaft                                     Working Environm ent
17 (PDF, 139kB)        Correct use of porta-pow ers                                                         Stored Energy
16 (PDF, 135kB)        Hydraulic ram failure
15 (PDF, 143kB)        Traffic rules and controls in underground coal mines                                 Transport
14 (PDF, 140kB)        Safe use of manboxes
13 (PDF, 25kB)         Performance of electrical w ork                                                      Electrical (surface)
12 (PDF, 21kB)         Fras hose rupture
11 (PDF, 21kB)         Hydraulic ram failure
10 (PDF, 21kB)         Injury sustained by the use of crow bar in jaw crusher                               Equipm ent Operation
9 (PDF, 35kB)          Highw all pump incident
8 (PDF, 24kB)          Toe amputation by drill string                                                       Mechanical
7 (PDF, 21kB)          Non-mining fatality: trail bike rider crashes over quarry face
6 (PDF, 24kB)          Welding electric shock: equipment and practice                                       Electrical (surface)
5 (PDF, 29kB)          Coal reclaim tunnel incident
4 (PDF, 36kB)          M8750 dragline hit franna crane                                                      Equipm ent Operation
3 (PDF, 38kB)          Uncontrolled fall of a crane load                                                    Equipm ent Operation
2 (PDF, 26kB)          Flammable gas demands constant vigilance
1 (PDF, 60kB)          Failure to isolate compressed air line                                               Stored Energy
                                                                                                                                                            Go to top of page
                                               Safety bulletins
Bulletin no. & web link Title                                                                         Links to HAZARD worksheets
119 (PDF,82kB)          Explosion-protected diesel engine system standard update                         Ignition Sources
118 (PDF,117kB)         Working safely with tyres: highway-style trailer haulage                         Mobile Equipment                    Equipment operation
117 (PDF,340kB)         Pressure build up in silos                                                       Working Environment                 Stored Energy            Safety Management
115 (PDF,104kB)         Risk management of heat exposure in mining                                       Radiation
114 (PDF,121kB)         Storm season is coming — be prepared!                                            Risk Management
113 (PDF,74kB)          Equipment fires, investigation and response                                      Safety Management
112 (PDF,123kB)         Mine road safety                                                                 Safety Management                   Mobile Equipment
111 (PDF, 74kB)         Health risks of smoking synthetic cannabinoids                                   Fitness for Duty
109 (PDF, 436kB)        Preventing excavators from rolling over                                          Safety Management                   Mobile Equipment
108 (PDF, 214kB)        Exploration permit coal (EPC) legislative requirements
107 (PDF, 213kB)        Construction of seals
106 (PDF, 587kB)        Recall of faulty Bulbeck 4.5 and 9 kg fire extinguishers
105 (PDF, 247kB)        Safety and health management system - water management plans
104 (PDF, 420kB)        Resuming operations after severe weather                                         Working in, near water
103 (PDF, 250kB)        Integrity testing of earthmover rims                                             Mobile Equipment                    Equipment operation
102 (PDF, 267kB)        Severe weather preparedness                                                      Risk Management
101 (PDF, 130kB)        Brake system maintenance - rubber tyred vehicles
100 (PDF, 63kB)         Retrofit advice for some Haulotte mobile elevating work platforms
99 (PDF, 133kB)         Uncontrolled movement on mine roads, including skidding, sliding and light or heavy vehicle roll-over
95 (PDF, 111kB)         Mobile equipment contact with overhead powerlines                                Electrical (surface)
94 (PDF, 71kB)          Excessive watering of haul-roads
93 (PDF, 110kB)         Sunlight and UV Radiation                                                        Exposure to heat                    Radiation                Working Environment
92 (PDF, 74kB)          Severe weather events
91 (PDF, 64kB)          Heat Stress                                                                      Exposure to heat                    Radiation                Working Environment
90 (PDF, 62kB)          Brake problems on On-Highway Trucks at Mines
89 (PDF, 65kB)          Underground Coal Mines - Diesel Engine Inlet Manifold Flame Trap issue
88 (PDF, 76kB)          Management of dust containing crystalline silica (quartz)                        Dust                                PPE                      Working Environment
87 (PDF, 65kB)          Duty of Care to Mine Workers in Camps or On-Site Accommodation
86 (PDF, 119 kB)        Fires on Mine Sites                                                              Fire                                Fire Fighting            Working Environment
85 (PDF, 65kB)          Self-Contained Self-Rescuer Malfunction
84 (PDF, 109kB)         Construction Work on Mines & Quarries
83 (PDF, 71kB)          Diesel Engine - Turbocharger Fires                                               Fire                                Fire Fighting            Working Environment
82 ( PDF, 83kB)         Product Alert/Recall
81 (PDF, 66kB)          Lessons of mine segregation must be applied
79 (PDF, 93kB)          Activities on Narrow Benches at Mines and Quarries
78 (PDF, 73kB)          Flood Recovery In Mines                                                          Working in, near water              Risk Management
77 (PDF, 117kB)         Earthmover Tyre and Rim Safety
76 (PDF, 127kB)         The Presence of Chrysotile (White Asbestos) in Brake and Clutch Linings          Dust                                PPE                      Working Environment
74 (PDF, 126kB)         Isocyanates from 2-Pack Paints and Use of Polyurethane Resins in Mining                                              PPE                      Working Environment
73 (PDF, 145kB)         Switchboard Incoming Supply Hazards
72 (PDF, 103kB)         Shock from an Electrostatic Discharge
70 (PDF, 157kB)         Hazards of Stored Energy                                                         Stored Energy
68 (PDF, 86kB)          Earth Fault Current Limiter Parameters
67 (PDF, 136kB)         Managing high pressure fluids and gases
65 (PDF, 31kB)          Shuttle car cable hazards-underground coal mines
63 ( PDF,55kB)          Integrated tool carrier risk management
61 (PDF, 172kB)         Flammable toxic gases in open cut coal mines                                     Contaminated Air
60 (PDF, 23 kB)         Trailing cable management - cable towers
59 (PDF, 29kB)          Reliable communications systems for remote mines                                 Provision of Services
58 (PDF, 23 kB)         Audible alarms on mobile equipment
55 (PDF, 98 kB)         Vehicles hitting overhead powerlines                                             Electrical (surface)
54 (PDF, 71 kB)         Safety and maximisation of tyre life
52 (PDF, 51 kB)         First aid and medical treatment for the injured
50 (PDF, 146 kB)        Use of retro-reflective tape on work clothing
49 (PDF, 149 kB)        Isolation of plant containing stored energy                                      Stored Energy
48 (PDF, 153 kB)        Isolation facilities for equipment operated by electricity
47 (PDF, 108 kB)        Tyre fires, pyrolysis and explosions
46 (PDF, 187 kB)        Mobile equipment access
45 (PDF, 171 kB)        Reduction of exposure to rockfalls in underground metalliferous mines
44 (PDF, 168 kB)        Manufacturers' bulletins                                                         Safety Management
43 (PDF, 175 kB)        Flameproof enclosures - damage to windows                                        Electrical
42 (PDF, 187 kB)        Residual current devices                                                         Working Environment
41 (PDF, 145 kB)        Working on compressed air lines
40 (PDF, 124 kB)        Testing of conveyor pull wire activated emergency stops
39 (PDF, 151 kB)        24 volt high intensity discharge lights
37 (PDF, 133 kB)        Unsecured flooring on walkways
36 (PDF, 152 kB)        Managing visitor safety                                                          Safety Management
35 (PDF, 120 kB)        Excavation edge protection
34 (PDF, 147 kB)        Light vehicle incidents                                                          Mobile Equipment (surface)
33 (PDF, 13 kB)         Rigger hurled to ground by runaway cable
32 (PDF, 126 kB)        Fire and explosion risks on hydraulic excavators
30 (PDF, 100 kB)        Use of forklift trucks at mine & quarry sites                                    Equipment Operation
28 (PDF, 142 kB)        Reject bin collapses due to mechanical impact                                    Non Mobile Equip, bins, buildings
27 (PDF, 9 kB)          Energy sources include capacitors
26 (PDF, 10 kB)         Switchboards - exposed live parts
25 (PDF, 7 kB)          Fitness for work                                                                 Fitness for Duty                    Fatigue
24 (PDF, 256 kB)        Emergency brake fails to engage - off highway dump truck
23 (PDF, 64 kB)         Effect of electric field stress on cable terminations
22 (PDF, 102 kB)        Siemens photo-flex E.P.V. cable
21 (PDF, 10 kB)         Incidents of snapping of downlines
20 (PDF, 11 kB)         Hazardous substances material safety data sheets and labelling
19 (PDF, 256 kB)        Place change - maintaining adequate ventilation                                  Ventilation
18 (PDF, 159 kB)        Methane gas monitor response times                                               Ventilation
17 (PDF, 19 kB)         Reporting of incidents and accidents involving electricity
16 (PDF, 180 kB)        Control of purchased or hired equipment                                          Safety Management
15 (PDF, 16 kB)         Control of visitors/contractors at quarries
14 (PDF, 16 kB)         Failure of 'cuttable' rib bolts                                                  Strata Control
13 (PDF, 131 kB)        Hazards from use and storage of aerosol containers                               Hazardous Substances
12 (PDF, 324 kB)        Managing the risk at unsupervised mine sites                                     Safety Management
11 (PDF, 101 kB)        Use of restraining devices on hoses
10 (PDF, 98 kB)         Use of earth moving equipment as mobile cranes
9 (PDF, 96 kB)          Fall hazard from quarry trucks
8 (PDF, 18 kB)          Uncontrolled movement of vehicles
7 (PDF, 14 kB)          Contractors equipment - compliance issues #2
6 (PDF, 420 kB)         Handling and management of surface trailing cables
5 (PDF, 18 kB)          Information from high safety risks
4 (PDF, 13 kB)          Accidents on continuous miners during maintenance work underground
3 (PDF, 12 kB)          Underground opal mines possible water inrush from nearby opencuts
2 (PDF, 34 kB)          Recent fatalities at mines
1 (PDF, 13 kB)          Off-highway trucks: low brake pressure and low brake fluid warnings
                                                                                                                                                             Go to top of page
                                         Significant incident reports
Incident no. & web link                                         Title                                       Link to HAZARD worksheet
78 (PDF, 108 kB)          Longwall shearer frictional ignition hazard                                       Ignition Sources
77 (PDF, 416 kB)          Opal miner dies from engulfment in mullock                                        General Uground Construction        Working Environment
76 (PDF, 219 kB)          Fatality involving water truck                                                    Equipment operation
74 (PDF, 244 kB)          Falling Borehole Pump Causes Uncontrolled Movement of Cables and Cable Reels      Stored Energy                       Equipment Operation
72 (PDF, 81 kB)           Lifting Lug Failure                                                               Equipment Operation
71 (PDF, 149 kB)          Serious Injury - Hydraulic Torque Wrench                                          Stored Energy
70 (PDF, 125 kB)          Driller's Feet Crushed in Drill Foot Clamps                                       Stored Energy
69 (PDF, 46 kB)           Uncontrolled fall of ground in longwall development panel                         Mine Design
68 (PDF, 46 kB)           Severe burns received from 11kV arc flash explosion                               Electrical (surface)
67 (PDF, 48 kB)           Severe Burns Received From Dewatering Pump                                        Equipment operation
66 (PDF, 48 kB)           Crane Rope Breaks While Anti Two-Block Overridden                                 Equipment Operation
65 (PDF, 48 kB)           Structural collapse of bin hopper                                                 Non Mobile Equip, bins, buildings
64 (PDF, 42 kB)           Fatal accident - miner struck by rock deflecting out of stope
63 (PDF, 143 kB)          Failure of a quick hitch mechanism
62 (PDF, 123 kB)          Flyrock generated by penetrating cone fracture cartridges                         Explosives Use (Surface)
61 (PDF, 150 kB)          Incorrect wiring of pilot wire circuit                                            Electrical
60 (PDF, 129 kB)          Injury due to sudden fracture of spanner                                          Manual Handling
59 (PDF, 135 kB)          Non-flameproof diesel vehicles entering an explosion risk zone 1
58 (PDF, 144 kB)          Penetration into concealed services and buildings
57 (PDF, 130 kB)          Drill string falls from production hole                                           Mechanical
56 (PDF, 170 kB)          Lime burns to eyes due to failure of a discharge hose                             Hazardous Substances                Stored Energy
54 (PDF, 154 kB)          Operator crushed in articulation point of loader                                  Mechanical
53 (PDF, 138 kB)          Collapse of pit wall                                                              Ground Control - Spoil dumps
52 (PDF, 139 kB)          Struck on head by build-up of rust                                                Non Mobile Equip, bins, buildings
51 (PDF, 131kB)           Uncontrolled initiation of a misfire                                              Explosives Use
50 (PDF, 167 kB)          Spacer pin ejected from hydraulic press under pressure                            Stored Energy
49 (PDF, 44 kB)           Failure of exploration drill rig mast                                             Equipment Operation
47 (PDF, 169 kB)          Partial burial of bobcat                                                          Transport                           Confined Spaces Spoil
                                                                                                                                                Ground Control -
46 (PDF, 106 kB)          Haul truck reverses over quarry bench                                             Mobile Equipment (surface)          dumps
45 (PDF, 109 kB)          Steering failure of rear dump truck                                               Equipment Operation
44 (PDF, 145 kB)          Excavator contact with 11,000v overhead power lines                               Electrical (surface)
43 (PDF, 150 kB)          Two men fall 2 metres after charge up basket boom assembly fails                  Mechanical
42 (PDF, 98 kB)           Rollover of rear dump truck                                                       Stockpiles
41 (PDF, 98 kB)           Tele-remote loader out of control
40 (PDF, 9 kB)            Truck falls backwards over tipping edge                                           Ground Control - Spoil dumps
39 (PDF, 16 kB)           Teenager fell down opal mine shaft
38 (PDF, 31 kB)           Dozer runs over light vehicle                                                     Mobile Equipment (surface)
37 (PDF, 14 kB)           Serious injury flyrock accident
36 (PDF, 17 kB)           Blast crew affected by vapours from acid spill                                    Explosives Use (Surface)
35 (PDF, 27 kB)           Rigger struck on head by 500kg assembly                                           Equipment Operation
34 (PDF, 81 kB)           Drill rig tips over into water ditch                                              Working in, near water
33 (PDF, 24 kB)           Chain sling dislodging from a crane hook
32 (PDF, 26 kB)           Collapse of bridged material in pugmill feed bin
31 (PDF, 144 kB)          Use of polycarbonate windscreens                                                  Equipment Operation
30 (PDF, 22 kB)           Equipment automatic operation can be hazardous
29 (PDF, 43 kB)           Electric motor blows up
28 (PDF, 47 kB)           Overload failure of a lifting device                                              Mechanical
27 (PDF, 163 kB)          Mine worker crushed under rear dump tray
26 (PDF, 405 kB)          Dumping overburden near coal crew operations                                      Ground Control - Spoil dumps
25 (PDF, 153 kB)          Protect your protection circuitry
24 (PDF, 161 kB)          Operator receives shock from overhead crane
23 (PDF, 203 kB)          Non-compliant flame proof motor                                                   Mechanical
22 (PDF, 161 kB)          Noxious gas hazard in opencut coal mine                                           Working Environment
21 (PDF, 164 kB)          Catastrophic failure of CIP leach tank                                            Non Mobile Equip, bins, buildings
20 (PDF, 160 kB)          Intoxicated worker left to his own devices                                        Fitness for Duty
19 (PDF, 160 kB)          Trail bike rider crashes over quarry face                                         Ground Control - Spoil dumps
18 (PDF, 159 kB)          Backfill barricade failure                                                        Mine Design
17 (PDF, 245 kB)          Dump truck with unbalanced load becomes unstable                                  Mobile Equipment (surface)
16 (PDF, 159 kB)          Unsealed exploration bore hole                                                    Highwall Mining                     Explosives Use
15 (PDF, 19 kB)           Hazchem event from ruptured sight glass
14 (PDF, 19 kB)           Unplanned ignition of fumes
13 (PDF, 20 kB)           Catastrophic failure of a dragline boom                                           Mobile Equipment (surface)
12 (PDF, 18 kB)           Mineworker trapped in longwall armoured face conveyor                             Mechanical
11 (PDF, 19 kB)           Combustion of pyritic dust on drill rig
10 (PDF, 18 kB)           Serious injuries resulting from rib failure                                       Strata Control
9 (PDF, 17 kB)            Severe burns received from dewatering pump
8 (PDF, 20 kB)            Fire on diesel electric truck                                                     Mobile Equipment (surface)
7 (PDF, 17 kB)            Disc on angle grinder shatters
6 (PDF, 19 kB)            Light vehicle crashes over highwall
5 (PDF, 17 kB)            Off highway truck careers out of control due to object caught under accelerator
4 (PDF, 19 kB)            Fire on hydraulic jack, ejection of burning hydraulic oil
3 (PDF, 17 kB)            ROPS with seat belt saves lives                                                   Mobile Equipment (surface)
2 (PDF, 20 kB)            Foot trapped in dragline rotation rack
1 (PDF, 17 kB)            Highway trucks collide
                                                                                                                                                          Go to top of page
                                                    Alerts, Bulletins and Incidents - by Hazard
                                                                                                                                                                     Go to Main Section
Click on links below to go to Alerts, Bulletins and Significant Incident Reports for the hazard type
                                                                                                                                                                           Menu

Chemical (use of/or                                          Equipment / Structural                                                                Falls/Slips of
                                    Electrical                                           Explosion                       Falling/Flying Material                    Fatigue
exposure to)                                                 Failure                                                                               Ground
                                                                                                                         Loss of
                                                             Hydraulics/Compressed
Fire                                Gas/Ignition                                         Inrush/Inundation               Control/Unplanned         Mobile Plant
                                                             Air
                                                                                                                         Movement

Noise                               Other

                                    Physical Work            Physiological /                                                                                        Winding, Haulage
Person Falling                                                                           Severe Weather                  Use of Explosives         Vehicle
                                    Environment              Psychological                                                                                          or Conveyor


Hazard Type                         Document no. & web link Title                                                                                                   Document Type           Mine Type

Chemical (use of /or exposure to)         36 (PDF, 17 kB)    Blast crew affected by vapours from acid spill                                                                                  Surface
                                                                                                                                                                    Significant Incident Report
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)         80 (PDF, 138kB)    Exothermic jointing kits                                                                               Safety Alert             All
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)        112 (PDF, 118 kB)   Fire at an M I B C pump                                                                                Safety Alert             CHPP
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)         91 (PDF, 150kB)    Fire in mutli-floor screen house                                                                       Safety Alert             Surface
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)         20 (PDF, 11 kB)    Hazardous substances material safety data sheets and labelling                                         Safety Bulletin          All
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)         285 (PDF, 66kB)    Inappropriate use of pre-workout supplements                                                           Safety Alert             All
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)         74 (PDF, 126kB)    Isocyanates from 2-Pack Paints and Use of Polyurethane Resins in Mining                                Safety Bulletin          All
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)        196 (PDF, 109kB)    Mine worker suffers chemical burns to eyes du to high pressure fluid release                           Safety Alert             All
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)        269 (PDF, 220kB)    Open cut blast fume                                                                                    Safety Alert             All
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)          85 (PDF, 65kB)    Self-Contained Self-Rescuer Malfunction                                                                Safety Bulletin          Underground
Chemical (use of /or exposure to)        284 (PDF, 116kB)    Severe acid burns to foot as drain collapses                                                           Safety Alert             General/Surface
Chemical (use of/or exposure to)           88 (PDF, 76kB)    Management of dust containing crystalline silica (quartz)                                              Safety Bulletin          All
                                                             Risk of nervous system disorder from inhaling electrical cleaning solvent vapours containing 1
Chemical (use of/or exposure to)         233 (PDF, 70kB)     Bromopropane                                                                                           Safety Alert            All
Electrical                               39 (PDF, 151 kB)    24 volt high intensity discharge lights                                                                Safety Bulletin         Surface
Electrical                               231 (PDF, 184kB)    Arc flash injuries received from 22kV ring main unit                                                   Safety Alert            All
Electrical                               220 (PDF, 84kB)     Arcing Fault Causes Flash Burns and Equipment Damage                                                   Safety Alert            All
Electrical                                 48 (PDF, 9kB)     Broken 66Kv overhead aerial falls to the ground                                                        Safety Alert            Surface
Electrical                                 50 (PDF, 6kB)     Buried 11Kv cable damaged                                                                              Safety Alert            All
Electrical                               116 (PDF, 38kB)     Care with neutral-connected impedance systems                                                          Safety Alert            All
Electrical                               125 (PDF, 109kB)    Care With Neutral-Connected Impedance Systems,                                                         Safety Alert            All
Electrical                                33 (PDF, 26kB)     Check energy sources isolated before work commences                                                    Safety Alert            All
Electrical                                68 (PDF, 86kB)     Earth Fault Current Limiter Parameters                                                                 Safety Bulletin         All
Electrical                                23 (PDF, 64 kB)    Effect of electric field stress on cable terminations                                                  Safety Bulletin         Surface
Electrical                                30 (PDF, 72kB)     Electric motor overheats                                                                               Safety Alert            All
Electrical                               61 (PDF, 169kB)     Electric shock from circuit breaker test                                                               Safety Alert            All
Electrical                               92 (PDF, 135kB)     Electric shock from nylon jacket                                                                       Safety Alert            Underground
Electrical                               253 (PDF, 36kB)     Electric shock from welding equipment                                                                  Safety Alert            All
Electrical                               52 (PDF, 135kB)     Electric shock: high resistance decontactor earth connection                                           Safety Alert            All
Electrical                                25 (PDF, 25kB)     Electrical enclosure over temperature protection.                                                      Safety Alert            Underground
Electrical                               242 (PDF, 361kB)    Electrical shocks from laboratory ovens/furnaces                                                       Safety Alert            All
Electrical                     103 (PDF, 145kB)   Excavator damages buried 11,000V cable                                         Safety Alert             All
Electrical                      74 (PDF, 13kB)    Exposed live 11Kv cable plug                                                   Safety Alert             Underground
Electrical                     43 (PDF, 105kB)    Exposed live conductors underground                                            Safety Alert             Underground
Electrical                     81 (PDF, 163kB)    Exposure to U.V. radiation from mercury vapour lamp                            Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     82 (PDF, 390kB)    Failure of an isolation device                                                 Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     72 (PDF, 116kB)    Failure to properly isolate electrical conductors                              Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     189 (PDF, 87kB)    Failures of Flameproof Plug and Receptacle                                     Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     104 (PDF, 145kB)   Fault on 11,000V trailing cable                                                Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     43 (PDF, 175 kB)   Flameproof enclosures - damage to windows                                      Safety Bulletin          Underground
Electrical                     45 (PDF, 129kB)    Gecko's damage switchboard                                                     Safety Alert             All
Electrical                      6 (PDF, 420 kB)   Handling and management of surfaces trailing cables                            Safety Bulletin          Surface
Electrical                     264 (PDF, 310kB)   Hazard of backfeed on some UPS units                                           Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     61 (PDF, 150 kB)   Incorrect wiring of pilot wire circuit                                                                  Underground
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Electrical                     20 (PDF, 138kB)    Look after electrical protection back up batteries                             Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     174 (PDF, 111kB)   Mine Worker Contacts 11kV Overhead Powerline                                   Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     42 (PDF, 196kB)    Non-compliant back to back coupler                                             Safety Alert             Underground
Electrical                     23 (PDF, 203 kB)   Non-compliant flame proof motor                                                                         Underground
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Electrical                      23 (PDF, 22kB)    Oil filled circuit breaker failure                                             Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     58 (PDF, 144 kB)   Penetration into concealed services and buildings                                                       All
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Electrical                      13 (PDF, 25kB)    Performance of electrical work                                                 Safety Alert             Metal
Electrical                      75 (PDF, 15kB)    Recent 1000 volt circuit breaker failures                                      Safety Alert             All
Electrical                     207 (PDF, 70kB)    Recent Electrical Equipment Failures and Workmanship Issues                    Safety Alert             Underground
Electrical                     42 (PDF, 187 kB)   Residual current devices                                                       Safety Bulletin          All
Electrical                     72 (PDF, 103kB)    Shock from an Electrostatic Discharge                                          Safety Bulletin          All
Electrical                     22 (PDF, 102 kB)   Siemens photo-flex E.P.V. cable                                                Safety Bulletin          Surface
Electrical                     73 (PDF, 145kB)    Switchboard Incoming Supply Hazards                                            Safety Bulletin          All
Electrical                     157 (PDF, 77kB)    Trailing cable damage at longwall midface                                      Safety Alert             Underground
Electrical                      60 (PDF, 23 kB)   Trailing cable management - cable towers                                       Safety Bulletin          All
Electrical                     109 (PDF, 181kB)   Transformer primary protection fails to isolate fault                          Safety Alert             All
Electrical                      55 (PDF, 98 kB)   Vehicles hitting overhead powerlines                                           Safety Bulletin          Surface
Electrical                       6 (PDF, 24kB)    Welding electric shock: equipment and practice                                 Safety Alert             Surface
Electrical                     19 (PDF, 137kB)    Wire feed unit welder energised the job                                        Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   215 (PDF, 172kB)   6" Gate Valve Failure                                                          Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   287 (PDF, 154kB)   Alloy rim cracking and failure                                                 Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure    51 (PDF, 74kB)    Canister fire suppression system failure                                       Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   21 (PDF, 164 kB)   Catastrophic failure of CIP leach tank                                                                  Metal
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure   282 (PDF, 92kB)    Catastrophic structural failure of excavator boom                              Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   121 (PDF, 81kB)    Conveyor collapses due to rope failure                                         Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   66 (PDF, 109kB)    Cracks in steering ball joints on rear dump truck                              Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   68 (PDF, 140kB)    Drill rig feed table cracks                                                    Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   192 (PDF, 108kB)   Dump truck brake failure and rollover at escape ramp                           Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure     27 (PDF, 9 kB)   Energy sources include capacitors                                              Safety Bulletin          All
Equipment/Structural Failure   63 (PDF, 143 kB)   Failure of a quick hitch mechanism                                                                      All
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure    193 (PDF, 1kB)    Failure of Co-Disposal Basalt-Lined 'Y' Piece                                  Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure    14 (PDF, 16 kB)   Failure of 'cuttable' rib bolts                                                Safety Bulletin          Underground
Equipment/Structural Failure    49 (PDF, 44 kB)   Failure of exploration drill rig mast                                                                   Exploration
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure   184 (PDF, 96kB)    Failure of Lifeline/Fall Arrest Equipment                                      Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   113 (PDF, 137kB)   Failure of plastic compressed air pipe fittings                                Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   74 (PDF, 244 kB)   Falling Borehole Pump Causes Uncontrolled Movement of Cables and Cable Reels                            All
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure   136 (PDF, 72kB)    Fatal injury to prime mover operator as rim assembly fails                     Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure    34 (PDF, 90kB)    Faulty ladders and emergency procedures                                        Safety Alert             Surface
Equipment/Structural Failure   126 (PDF, 48kB)    Fixed grinder wheel failure                                                    Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   221 (PDF, 74kB)    Flameproof Alternator Electrical Protection Systems                             Safety Alert             Underground
Equipment/Structural Failure    12 (PDF, 21kB)    Fras hose rupture                                                               Safety Alert             Underground
Equipment/Structural Failure   60 (PDF, 129 kB)   Injury due to sudden fracture of spanner                                                                 All
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure   243 (PDF, 71kB)    Injury while working on jaw crusher spring assembly                             Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure    72 (PDF, 81 kB)   Lifting Lug Failure                                                                                      All
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure   211 (PDF, 134kB)   Light Vehicle Rim Cracking                                                      Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   86 (PDF, 141kB)    Mobile crane drops load                                                         Safety Alert             Metal
Equipment/Structural Failure    28 (PDF, 72kB)    Mobile crane splits in two                                                      Safety Alert             Metal
Equipment/Structural Failure   177 (PDF, 91kB)    Mobile Crib Hut Blown Over During Storm                                         Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   198 (PDF, 60kB)    Product Recall: City Technology 4CF Carbon Monoxide Sensor                      Safety Alert             Underground
Equipment/Structural Failure   28 (PDF, 142 kB)   Reject bin collapses due to mechanical impact                                   Safety Bulletin          Surface
Equipment/Structural Failure    17 (PDF, 19 kB)   Reporting of incidents and accidents involving electricity                      Safety Bulletin          All
Equipment/Structural Failure   283 (PDF, 180kB)   Screenbox flywheel failures on Powerscreen® Chieftain 2-deck screening plants   Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure     9 (PDF, 17 kB)   Severe burns received from dewatering pump                                                               Metal
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure    26 (PDF, 25kB)    Shuttle-car loss of steering control threatens pedestrian                       Safety Alert             Underground
Equipment/Structural Failure    99 (PDF, 44kB)    Steering tie-rod failure in dump truck                                          Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure    65 (PDF, 48 kB)   Structural collapse of bin hopper                                                                        All
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Equipment/Structural Failure    26 (PDF, 10 kB)   Switchboards - exposed live parts                                               Safety Bulletin          Surface
Equipment/Structural Failure   120 (PDF, 48kB)    Swivel gantry collapse                                                          Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   91 (PDF, 150kB)    Trip switch defeated on pug mill chamber                                        Safety Alert             Metal
Equipment/Structural Failure   275 (PDF, 55kB)    Tyre blast air catches three maintenance personnel                              Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   138 (PDF, 43kB)    Tyre handler clamping fork failure                                              Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   268 (PDF, 220kB)   Unauthorised use of auxillary fan                                               Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   187 (PDF, 70kB)    Vehicle/Mobile plant support stands                                             Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   83 (PDF, 159kB)    Violent tyre rupture on dump truck                                              Safety Alert             All
Equipment/Structural Failure   118 (PDF,117kB)    Working safely with tyres: highway style trailer haulage                        Safety Bulletin          All
Explosion                      224 (PDF, 526kB)   Flushing Canister Bursts                                                        Safety Alert             All
Explosion                      13 (PDF, 131 kB)   Hazards from use and storage of aerosol containers                              Safety Bulletin          All
Explosion                       68 (PDF, 46 kB)   Severe burns received from 11kV arc flash explosion                                                      All
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Explosion                      47 (PDF, 108 kB)   Tyre fires, pyrolysis and explosions                                            Safety Bulletin          Surface
Explosion                      127 (PDF, 39kB)    Ventilation control devices                                                     Safety Alert             Underground
Falling/Flying Material        265 (PDF, 245kB)   Blast exclusion zones                                                           Safety Alert             Surface
Falling/Flying Material        71 (PDF, 147kB)    Blast hole drill carousel stem lock failure                                     Safety Alert             Surface
Falling/Flying Material        145 (PDF, 29kB)    Burns from hot radiator fluid after oil cooler failure                          Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material         13 (PDF, 20 kB)   Catastrophic failure of a dragline boom                                                                  Surface
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material        216 (PDF, 130kB)   Chain falls from blasthole drill rig, hitting worker                            Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material         33 (PDF, 24 kB)   Chain sling dislodging from a crane hook                                                                 Metal
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material        70 (PDF, 141kB)    Contractor struck by bull gear cover                                            Safety Alert             Surface
Falling/Flying Material         66 (PDF, 48 kB)   Crane Rope Breaks While Anti Two-Block Overridden                                                        All
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material          7 (PDF, 17 kB)   Disc on angle grinder shatters                                                                           All
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material        57 (PDF, 130 kB)   Drill string falls from production hole                                                                  Underground
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material         29 (PDF, 43 kB)   Electric motor blows up                                                                                  All
                                                                                                                                  Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material        100 (PDF, 138kB)   Eye penetration injury whilst grinding                                          Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material        248 (PDF, 257kB)   Facial impact injury from fuel tank cap releasing under pressure                Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material          9 (PDF, 96 kB)   Fall hazard from quarry trucks                                                  Safety Bulletin          All
Falling/Flying Material          58 (PDF, 6kB)    Falling rock from endwall causes personal injury                                Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material        115 (PDF, 134kB)   Forklift tyne frame failure                                                     Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material        22 (PDF, 746kB)    Highwall collapse onto highwall miner launch vehicle                            Safety Alert             Surface
Falling/Flying Material         39 (PDF, 17kB)    Hit by dislodging debris while working on dragline bucket                       Safety Alert             Surface
Falling/Flying Material        67 (PDF, 112kB)    Hose drum weighing 10 Kg falls 5 metres from drilling rig                       Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material        259 (PDF, 86kB)    Injury from a hardened steel sledgehammer                                       Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material   119 (PDF, 50kB)    Injury to driller from flying materials from drill hole                 Safety Alert             All
Falling/Flying Material    63 ( PDF,55kB)    Integrated tool carrier risk management                                 Safety Bulletin          All
Falling/Flying Material   103 (PDF, 250kB)   Integrity testing of earthmover rims                                    Safety Bulletin          All
Falling/Flying Material   56 (PDF, 170 kB)   Lime burns to eyes due to failure of a discharge hose                                            All
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material   27 (PDF, 163 kB)   Mine worker crushed under rear dump tray                                                         Surface
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material   143 (PDF, 23kB)    Monorail incident                                                       Safety Alert             Surface
Falling/Flying Material    27 (PDF, 85kB)    On-highway quarry truck spare wheel causes fatality                     Safety Alert             Metal
Falling/Flying Material    44 (PDF, 12kB)    Operator fatally crushed between continuous miner and rib spall         Safety Alert             Underground
Falling/Flying Material    28 (PDF, 47 kB)   Overload failure of a lifting device                                                             Underground
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material   117 (PDF,340kB)    Pressure build up in silos                                              Safety Bulletin          Surface/All
Falling/Flying Material    33 (PDF, 13 kB)   Rigger hurled to ground by runaway cable                                Safety Bulletin          All
Falling/Flying Material    35 (PDF, 27 kB)   Rigger struck on head by 500kg assembly                                                          Metal
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material   118 (PDF, 183kB)   Serious Injury To Two Persons While Cleaning Car Body of an Excavator   Safety Alert             Surface
Falling/Flying Material   50 (PDF, 167 kB)   Spacer pin ejected from hydraulic press under pressure                                           All
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material   52 (PDF, 139 kB)   Struck on head by build-up of rust                                                               Metal
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falling/Flying Material   128 (PDF, 128kB)   Uncontrolled fall of drill rod: driller's offsider injured              Safety Alert             Exploration
Falling/Flying Material   31 (PDF, 144 kB)   Use of polycarbonate windscreens                                                                 Surface
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falls/Slips of Ground     53 (PDF, 138 kB)   Collapse of pit wall                                                                             Surface
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falls/Slips of Ground      64 (PDF, 42 kB)   Fatal accident - miner struck by rock deflecting out of stope                                    Metal
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falls/Slips of Ground     90 (PDF, 133kB)    Gloving of roof bolts                                                   Safety Alert             Underground
Falls/Slips of Ground     114 (PDF, 125kB)   Hoist rope failure injures visitor                                      Safety Alert             Metal
Falls/Slips of Ground     45 (PDF, 171 kB)   Reduction of exposure to rockfalls in underground metalliferous mines   Safety Bulletin          Underground
Falls/Slips of Ground      10 (PDF, 18 kB)   Serious injuries resulting from rib failure                                                      Underground
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falls/Slips of Ground     164 (PDF, 94kB)    Strata Support Failure                                                  Safety Alert             Underground
Falls/Slips of Ground     94 (PDF, 141kB)    Trapped/crushed by rib coal beside continuous miner                     Safety Alert             Underground
Falls/Slips of Ground      69 (PDF, 46 kB)   Uncontrolled fall of ground in longwall development panel                                        Underground
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Falls/Slips of Ground     168 (PDF, 92kB)    Uncontrolled Rock fall from a Dig face                                  Safety Alert             Surface
Fatigue                     25 (PDF, 7 kB)   Fitness for work                                                        Safety Bulletin          All
Fatigue                   292 (PDF, 130kB)   Rear dump collision and Fatigue                                         Safety Alert             All
Fire                      123 (PDF, 38kB)    Conveyor inspections                                                    Safety Alert             Underground
Fire                       83 (PDF, 71kB)    Diesel Engine - Turbocharger Fires                                      Safety Bulletin          All
Fire                       113 (PDF,74kB)    Equipment fires, investigation and response                             Safety Bulletin          All
Fire                      133 (PDF, 39kB)    Fatal fire at quarry residence                                          Safety Alert             All
Fire                      32 (PDF, 126 kB)   Fire and explosion risks on hydraulic excavators                        Safety Bulletin          Surface
Fire                      146 (PDF, 36kB)    Fire on a personnel transport vehicle                                   Safety Alert             Underground
Fire                      255 (PDF, 342kB)   Fire on an underground loader                                           Safety Alert             Underground
Fire                        8 (PDF, 20 kB)   Fire on diesel electric truck                                                                    Surface
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Fire                        4 (PDF, 19 kB)   Fire on hydraulic jack, ejection of burning hydraulic oil                                        Surface
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Fire                      86 (PDF, 119 kB)   Fires on Mine Sites                                                     Safety Bulletin          All
Fire                      107 (PDF, 149kB)   Rear hub failure and subsequent fire                                    Safety Alert             Surface
Fire                      180 (PDF, 91kB)    Two mine workers engulfed by a fire ball receive serious burns          Safety Alert             All
Gas/Ignition              122 (PDF, 37kB)    Detection of methane layering                                           Safety Alert             Underground
Gas/Ignition              280 (PDF, 184kB)   Emergency refuge bay explosion                                          Safety Alert             Underground
Gas/Ignition                2 (PDF, 26kB)    Flammable gas demands constant vigilance                                Safety Alert             Underground
Gas/Ignition              61 (PDF, 172kB)    Flammable toxic gases in open cut coal mines                            Safety Bulletin          Surface
Gas/Ignition              108 (PDF, 181kB)   Gas barbecue safety                                                     Safety Alert             All
Gas/Ignition              158 (PDF, 78kB)    Ignition of Gas in surface drill holes                                  Safety Alert             All
Gas/Ignition              272 (PDF, 70kB)    Ignition on the surface at a seam borehole                              Safety Alert             All
Gas/Ignition              105 (PDF, 134kB)   'Jump starting' of mobile vehicles                                      Safety Alert             All
Gas/Ignition              78 (PDF, 108 kB)   Longwall shearer frictional ignition hazard                                                      Underground
                                                                                                                     Significant Incident Report
Gas/Ignition                46 (PDF, 6kB)    Methane burning at top of surface exploration boreholes                 Safety Alert             Underground
Gas/Ignition                18 (PDF, 159 kB)   Methane gas monitor response times                                            Safety Bulletin          Underground
Gas/Ignition                22 (PDF, 161 kB)   Noxious gas hazard in opencut coal mine                                                                Surface
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Gas/Ignition                25 (PDF, 153 kB)   Protect your protection circuitry                                                                      Underground
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Gas/Ignition                89 (PDF, 134kB)    Sulphide dust                                                                 Safety Alert             Metal
Gas/Ignition                96 (PDF, 139kB)    Uncontrolled release of methane from drainage range                           Safety Alert             Underground
Gas/Ignition                 14 (PDF, 19 kB)   Unplanned ignition of fumes                                                                            Metal
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Gas/Ignition                 59 (PDF, 23kB)    Welding around borehole                                                       Safety Alert             Underground
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   287 (PDF, 154kB)   Coal mine worker hit by loose discharge hose                                  Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   160 (PDF, 92kB)    Compressed Air Pipeline Failure                                               Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   60 (PDF, 103kB)    Failure of high pressure hydraulic fitting                                    Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air     1 (PDF, 60kB)    Failure to isolate compressed air line                                        Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   273 (PDF, 65kB)    Hydraulic hoses fail on excavator boom                                        Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air    11 (PDF, 21kB)    Hydraulic ram failure                                                         Safety Alert             Surface
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   16 (PDF, 135kB)    Hydraulic ram failure                                                         Safety Alert             Underground
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   267 (PDF, 72kB)    Incorrect use of Victaulic flexible coupling SC 77                            Safety Alert             Underground
Hydraulics/Compressed Air    31 (PDF, 25kB)    Incorrect removal of hydraulic hoses                                          Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   271 (PDF, 80kB)    Longwall fluid-injection injury                                               Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   67 (PDF, 136kB)    Managing high pressure fluids and gases                                       Safety Bulletin          All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   93 (PDF, 111kB)    Operation of hydraulic controlled lighting plants                             Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   63 (PDF, 103kB)    Plunger from hydraulic cylinder becomes a 18Kg projectile                     Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   101 (PDF, 114kB)   Quick release victaulic pipe couplings without safety clips could be deadly   Safety Alert             Underground
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   241 (PDF, 116kB)   Rupture of High Pressure Hydraulic Line                                       Safety Alert             All
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   245 (PDF, 67kB)    Serious crush injury from jumbo development drill boom                        Safety Alert             Metal
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   71 (PDF, 149 kB)   Serious Injury - Hydraulic Torque Wrench                                                               All
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Hydraulics/Compressed Air   41 (PDF, 145 kB)   Working on compressed air lines                                               Safety Bulletin          All
Inrush/Inundation           18 (PDF, 159 kB)   Backfill barricade failure                                                                             Metal
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Inrush/Inundation             5 (PDF, 29kB)    Coal reclaim tunnel incident                                                  Safety Alert             All
Inrush/Inundation            32 (PDF, 26 kB)   Collapse of bridged material in pugmill feed bin                                                       All
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Inrush/Inundation           77 (PDF, 416 kB)   Opal miner dies from engulfment in mullock                                                             Underground
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Inrush/Inundation           47 (PDF, 169 kB)   Partial burial of bobcat                                                                               Metal
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Inrush/Inundation           105 (PDF, 247kB)   Safety and health management system - water management plans                  Safety Bulletin          Underground
Inrush/Inundation             3 (PDF, 12 kB)   Underground opal mines possible water inrush from nearby opencuts             Safety Bulletin          Underground
Inrush/Inundation           16 (PDF, 159 kB)   Unsealed exploration bore hole                                                                         Metal
                                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     73 (PDF, 13kB)    Aerosol can explodes due to exposure to heat                                  Safety Alert           Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    65 (PDF, 106kB)    Amputation of part of thumb                                                   Safety Alert           Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    223 (PDF,67kB)     Apprentice Injured While Maintaining Mobile Crusher                           Safety Alert           All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     23 (PDF, 22kB)    Arm caught in machinery                                                       Safety Alert           All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     41 (PDF, 13kB)    Aro mobile bolter ran away when parked on steep slope                         Safety Alert           Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    102 (PDF, 151kB)   Articulated water truck rolls over                                            Safety Alert           Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    53 (PDF, 146kB)    Boulder damages truck cabin during loading                                    Safety Alert           Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    202 (PDF, 68kB)    Capsized Pump Pontoon                                                         Safety Alert           All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    17 (PDF, 139kB)    Correct use of porta-powers                                                   Safety Alert           All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    159 (PDF, 77kB)    Dogman crushed while removing propel shaft from dragline                      Safety Alert           Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    34 (PDF, 81 kB)    Drill rig tips over into water ditch                                                                    All
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    70 (PDF, 125 kB)   Driller's Feet Crushed in Drill Foot Clamps                                                             Exploration
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    139 (PDF, 26kB)    Dump truck steering becomes inoperative                                        Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    17 (PDF, 245 kB)   Dump truck with unbalanced load becomes unstable                                                        Metal
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     56 (PDF, 8kB)     Eimco 913 lhd runaway                                                          Safety Alert             Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    54 (PDF, 146kB)    Eimco lift baskets - know the potential hazards                                Safety Alert             Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    30 (PDF, 22 kB)    Equipment automatic operation can be hazardous                                                          All
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    74 (PDF, 244 kB)   Falling Borehole Pump Causes Uncontrolled Movement of Cables and Cable Reels                            All
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    79 (PDF, 129kB)    Fatality caused through the operation of a vehicle loading crane               Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    15 (PDF, 19 kB)    Hazchem event from ruptured sight glass                                                                 Metal
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     9 (PDF, 35kB)     Highwall pump incident                                                         Safety Alert             Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     76 (PDF, 9kB)     Inadvertent operation of longwall shearer                                      Safety Alert             Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    98 (PDF, 391kB)    Inappropriate safety props                                                     Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    124 (PDF, 38kB)    Incident with 2 remote control transmitters                                    Safety Alert             Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    153 (PDF, 81kB)    Incorrect apparent specification - lifting accessories                         Safety Alert             Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    88 (PDF, 141kB)    Incorrect truck service manual                                                 Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    129 (PDF, 104kB)   Kanga loader overbalances catapulting operator into pit                        Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     4 (PDF, 36kB)     M8750 dragline hit franna crane                                                Safety Alert             Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    54 (PDF, 154 kB)   Operator crushed in articulation point of loader                                                        All
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    144 (PDF, 41kB)    Overhead crane dislodged by rear dump tray                                     Safety Alert             Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    150 (PDF, 45kB)    Park brake failure, truck rolls away                                           Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    274 (PDF, 55kB)    Rear boom arm pivot failure on load haul dump unit                             Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     37 (PDF, 16kB)    Rear dump truck pulls energised 6,600V cable in half                           Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    36 (PDF, 184kB)    Remote control malfunction                                                     Safety Alert             Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    100 (PDF, 63kB)    Retrofit advice for some Haulotte mobile elevating work platforms              Safety Bulletin          All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    14 (PDF, 140kB)    Safe use of manboxes                                                           Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     40 (PDF, 55kB)    Semi-trailer tips over on side                                                 Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    67 (PDF, 48 kB)    Severe Burns Received From Dewatering Pump                                                              All
                                                                                                                              Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    165 (PDF, 81kB)    Stored Energy While Manual Handling                                            Safety Alert             All
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    41 (PDF, 98 kB)    Tele-remote loader out of control                                                                          Metal
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     8 (PDF, 24kB)     Toe amputation by drill string                                                    Safety Alert            Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    156 (PDF, 45kB)    Towing of longwall chocks almost results in fatalities                            Safety Alert            Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     29 (PDF, 29kB)    Tyre rim assembly blew apart                                                      Safety Alert            Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     3 (PDF, 38kB)     Uncontrolled fall of a crane load                                                 Safety Alert            Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                     8 (PDF, 18 kB)    Uncontrolled movement of vehicles                                                 Safety Bulletin         Surface
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    21 (PDF, 139kB)    Unplanned movement of equipment                                                   Safety Alert            Underground
Loss of Control/Unplanned
Movement                    217 (PDF, 60kB)    Unplanned Movement of Towed Equipment                                             Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                287 (PDF, 154kB)   Alloy rim cracking and failure                                                    Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                 58 (PDF, 23 kB)   Audible alarms on mobile equipment                                                Safety Bulletin          All
Mobile Plant                110 (PDF, 153kB)   Bare electrical conductors                                                        Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant                101 (PDF, 130kB)   Brake system maintenance - rubber tyred vehicles                                  Safety Bulletin          All
Mobile Plant                206 (PDF, 74kB)    Crushed Between Mobile Equipment                                                  Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                210 (PDF, 133kB)   Dozer Falls from Bench                                                            Safety Alert             Surface
Mobile Plant                 38 (PDF, 31 kB)   Dozer runs over light vehicle                                                                              Surface
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                  77 (PDF, 7kB)    Dumping over tip heads                                                            Safety Alert             Surface
Mobile Plant                95 (PDF, 136kB)    Eimco hits methane drainage pipeline                                              Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant                 47 (PDF, 24kB)    Emergency brake fails to engage - off highway dump truck                          Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                24 (PDF, 256 kB)   Emergency brake fails to engage - off highway dump truck                          Safety Bulletin          Surface
Mobile Plant                44 (PDF, 145 kB)   Excavator contact with 11,000v overhead power lines                                                        Surface
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                260 (PDF, 245kB)   Failure of explosion protection on underground diesel engine systems              Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant                228 (PDF, 58kB)    Fatal Accident - Loader Enters Open Stope                                         Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant                212 (PDF, 66kB)    Fatal Crush Injury on Exploration Site                                            Safety Alert             Exploration
Mobile Plant                171 (PDF, 186kB)   Fatality involving Hitachi LX 100 Series 1 Wheel Loader                           Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                203 (PDF, 194kB)   Fatality Involving Mobile Crushing Plant                                          Safety Alert             Surface
Mobile Plant                76 (PDF, 219 kB)   Fatality involving water truck                                                                             Surface
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                46 (PDF, 106 kB)   Haul truck reverses over quarry bench                                                                      All
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                205 (PDF, 110kB)   Heavy and Light Vehicle Interaction                                               Safety Alert             Surface
Mobile Plant                148 (PDF, 32kB)    High-potential incidents involving shuttle cars and ramcars                       Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant                  1 (PDF, 17 kB)   Highway trucks collide                                                                                     Metal
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                208 (PDF, 115kB)   Incorrectly Assembled Split Rims on Forklift                                      Safety Alert             Surface
Mobile Plant                249 (PDF, 116kB)   Injury while working from a loader bucket                                         Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                179 (PDF, 117kB)   Light Vehicle / Heavy Vehicle Interaction                                         Safety Alert             Surface
Mobile Plant                  6 (PDF, 19 kB)   Light vehicle crashes over highwall                                                                        Surface
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                161 (PDF, 132kB)   Machinery "No Go" Zones                                                           Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant                204 (PDF, 60kB)    Machinery Operating Zones                                                         Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant                219 (PDF, 65kB)    Man Basket Security                                                               Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                266 (PDF, 251kB)   Managing hot-seat changeovers                                                     Safety Alert             Surface
Mobile Plant                46 (PDF, 187 kB)   Mobile equipment access                                                           Safety Bulletin          All
Mobile Plant                95 (PDF, 111kB)    Mobile equipment contact with overhead powerlines                                 Safety Bulletin          All
Mobile Plant                59 (PDF, 135 kB)   Non-flameproof diesel vehicles entering an explosion risk zone 1                                           Underground
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                263 (PDF, 536kB)   Non-slewing articulated mobile cranes tipping                                     Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant                  5 (PDF, 17 kB)   Off highway truck careers out of control due to object caught under accelerator                            Metal
                                                                                                                                 Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant                  1 (PDF, 13 kB)   Off-highway trucks: low brake pressure and low brake fluid warnings               Safety Bulletin          Surface
Mobile Plant                002 (PDF, 164kB)   Office of the Comissioner - Proximity-detection systems                           Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant      42 (PDF, 98 kB)   Rollover of rear dump truck                                                                                                      Surface
                                                                                                                                            Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant       3 (PDF, 17 kB)   ROPS with seat belt saves lives                                                                                                  Metal
                                                                                                                                            Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant     173 (PDF, 82kB)    Rubber Tyred Equipment                                                                                  Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant      65 (PDF, 31kB)    Shuttle car cable hazards-underground coal mines                                                        Safety Bulletin          Underground
Mobile Plant     162 (PDF, 91kB)    Shuttle Car Lunged Forward                                                                              Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant     45 (PDF, 109 kB)   Steering failure of rear dump truck                                                                                              Surface
                                                                                                                                            Significant Incident Report
Mobile Plant     15 (PDF, 143kB)    Traffic rules and controls in underground coal mines                                                    Safety Alert             Underground
Mobile Plant     247 (PDF, 184kB)   Trucks tipping over the edge                                                                            Safety Alert             All
Mobile Plant     213 (PDF, 60kB)    Uncontrolled Acceleration of Light Vehicle when 2-Way radio was used                                    Safety Alert             All


Mobile Plant     99 (PDF, 133kB)    Uncontrolled movement on mine roads, including skidding, sliding and light or heavy vehicle roll-over   Safety Bulletin        Surface
Mobile Plant      89 (PDF, 65kB)    Underground Coal Mines - Diesel Engine Inlet Manifold Flame Trap issue                                  Safety Bulletin        Underground
Mobile Plant     117 (PDF, 127kB)   Underground loader electrical fault                                                                     Safety Alert           Underground
Mobile Plant     85 (PDF, 162kB)    Underground vehicle engine flame                                                                        Safety Alert           Underground
Mobile Plant     232 (PDF, 179kB)   Vehicle collisions - how long before it's really bad?                                                   Safety Alert           All

Noise            004 (PDF, 414kB)   Office of the Commissioner - Occupational Noise                                                         Safety Alert             All
Other              4 (PDF, 13 kB)   Accidents on continuous miners during maintenance work underground                                      Safety Bulletin          Underground
Other             32 (PDF, 22kB)    Aluminium gas cylinders                                                                                 Safety Alert             Underground
Other            107 (PDF, 213kB)   Construction of seals                                                                                   Safety Bulletin          Underground
Other            84 (PDF, 109kB)    Construction Work on Mines & Quarries                                                                   Safety Bulletin          All
Other            209 (PDF, 100kB)   Contamination of Fresh/Potable Water Supply                                                             Safety Alert             All
Other              7 (PDF, 14 kB)   Contractors equipment - compliance issues #2                                                            Safety Bulletin          All
Other            16 (PDF, 180 kB)   Control of purchased or hired equipment                                                                 Safety Bulletin          All
Other             15 (PDF, 16 kB)   Control of visitors/contractors at quarries                                                             Safety Bulletin          All
Other             87 (PDF, 65kB)    Duty of Care to Mine Workers in Camps or On-Site Accommodation                                          Safety Bulletin          All
Other            77 (PDF, 117kB)    Earthmover Tyre and Rim Safety                                                                          Safety Bulletin          Surface
Other             94 (PDF, 71kB)    Excessive watering of haul-roads                                                                        Safety Bulletin          All
Other            108 (PDF, 214kB)   Exploration permit coal (EPC) legislative requirements                                                  Safety Bulletin          Exploration
Other             52 (PDF, 51 kB)   First aid and medical treatment for the injured                                                         Safety Bulletin          All
Other              5 (PDF, 18 kB)   Information from high safety risks                                                                      Safety Bulletin          All
Other             10 (PDF, 21kB)    Injury sustained by the use of crow bar in jaw crusher                                                  Safety Alert             Metal
Other            200 (PDF, 71kB)    Management of Contractors and Contractors' Obligations                                                  Safety Alert             All
Other            12 (PDF, 324 kB)   Managing the risk at unsupervised mine sites                                                            Safety Bulletin          Surface
Other            36 (PDF, 152 kB)   Managing visitor safety                                                                                 Safety Bulletin          All
Other            44 (PDF, 168 kB)   Manufacturers' bulletins                                                                                Safety Bulletin          All
Other            270 (PDF, 226kB)   Managing underground coal mine contractors                                                              Safety Alert             Underground
Other              7 (PDF, 21kB)    Non-mining fatality: trail bike rider crashes over quarry face                                          Safety Alert             Metal
Other            19 (PDF, 256 kB)   Place change - maintaining adequate ventilation                                                         Safety Bulletin          Underground
Other             82 ( PDF, 83kB)   Product Alert/Recall                                                                                    Safety Bulletin          All
Other            102 (PDF, 267kB)   Recall of faulty Bulbeck 1.5 and 9 kg fire extinguishers                                                Safety Bulletin          All
Other              2 (PDF, 34 kB)   Recent fatalities at mines                                                                              Safety Bulletin          All
Other             59 (PDF, 29kB)    Reliable communications systems for remote mines                                                        Safety Bulletin          Metal
Other             54 (PDF, 71 kB)   Safety and maximisation of tyre life                                                                    Safety Bulletin          Surface
Other             10 (PDF, 98 kB)   Use of earth moving equipment as mobile cranes                                                          Safety Bulletin          All
Other            11 (PDF, 101 kB)   Use of restraining devices on hoses                                                                     Safety Bulletin          All
Other            50 (PDF, 146 kB)   Use of retro-reflective tape on work clothing                                                           Safety Bulletin          Surface
Person Falling   35 (PDF, 120 kB)   Excavation edge protection                                                                              Safety Bulletin          Surface
Person Falling     2 (PDF, 20 kB)   Foot trapped in dragline rotation rack                                                                                           Surface
                                                                                                                                            Significant Incident Report
Person Falling   97 (PDF, 144kB)    Restricting access to hazardous areas, how important are safety rills/berms?                            Safety Alert             All
Person Falling    24 (PDF, 26kB)    Safe working positions                                                                                  Safety Alert             Underground
Person Falling                 39 (PDF, 16 kB)   Teenager fell down opal mine shaft                                                                 Metal
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Person Falling                19 (PDF, 160 kB)   Trail bike rider crashes over quarry face                                                          Surface
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Person Falling                43 (PDF, 150 kB)   Two men fall 2 metres after charge up basket boom assembly fails                                   All
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Person Falling                37 (PDF, 133 kB)   Unsecured flooring on walkways                                            Safety Bulletin          Underground
Person Falling                194 (PDF, 141kB)   Well Done! Collision Saved by Centre Rill on Haul Road                    Safety Alert             Surface
Physical Work Environment      79 (PDF, 93kB)    Activities on Narrow Benches at Mines and Quarries                        Safety Bulletin          Surface
Physical Work Environment      11 (PDF, 19 kB)   Combustion of pyritic dust on drill rig                                                            Exploration
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Physical Work Environment      49 (PDF, 10kB)    Communication with emergency services                                     Safety Alert             All
Physical Work Environment     26 (PDF, 405 kB)   Dumping overburden near coal crew operations                                                       Surface
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Physical Work Environment     281 (PDF, 60kB)    Fire ants found in mining equipment in Roma                               Safety Alert             All
Physical Work Environment     183 (PDF, 107kB)   Hand Crushed in Longwall Bretby Cable Handler                             Safety Alert             Underground
Physical Work Environment     70 (PDF, 157kB)    Hazards of Stored Energy                                                  Safety Bulletin          All
Physical Work Environment     48 (PDF, 153 kB)   Isolation facilities for equipment operated by electricity                Safety Bulletin          All
Physical Work Environment     49 (PDF, 149 kB)   Isolation of plant containing stored energy                               Safety Bulletin          All
Physical Work Environment     151 (PDF, 31kB)    Legionnaires Disease                                                      Safety Alert             All
Physical Work Environment      81 (PDF, 66kB)    Lessons of mine segregation must be applied                               Safety Bulletin          Underground
Physical Work Environment     112 (PDF,123kB)    Mine Road Safety                                                          Safety Bulletin          All
Physical Work Environment      12 (PDF, 18 kB)   Mineworker trapped in longwall armoured face conveyor                                              Underground
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Physical Work Environment      78 (PDF, 17kB)    Plant operator's legs caught in pug mill                                  Safety Alert             Metal
Physical Work Environment     003 (PDF, 61kB)    Office of the Commissioner - Rail Corridors on Coal mine sites            Safety Alert             All
Physical Work Environment     76 (PDF, 127kB)    The Presence of Chrysotile (White Asbestos) in Brake and Clutch Linings   Safety Bulletin          All
Physical Work Environment       40 (PDF, 9 kB)   Truck falls backwards over tipping edge                                                            Metal
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Physiological/Psychological   106 (PDF, 135kB)   Disabled safety shut down circuit                                         Safety Alert             Underground
Physiological/Psychological     57 (PDF, 8kB)    Dragline operation when personnel in pit                                  Safety Alert             Surface
Physiological/Psychological   111 (PDF, 74kB)    Health risks of smoking synthetic cannabinoids                            Safety Bulletin          All
Physiological/Psychological   20 (PDF, 160 kB)   Intoxicated worker left to his own devices                                                         Metal
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Physiological/Psychological   55 (PDF, 139kB)    Overloading crane while clearing a rock wedged in a crusher               Safety Alert             Metal
Severe Weather                 78 (PDF, 73kB)    Flood Recovery In Mines                                                   Safety Bulletin          All
Severe Weather                 26 (PDF, 10 kB)   Heat Stress                                                               Safety Bulletin          All
Severe Weather                115 (PDF,104kB)    Risk management of heat exposure in mining                                Safety Bulletin          All
Severe Weather                104 (PDF, 420kB)   Resuming operations after severe weather                                  Safety Bulletin          All
Severe Weather                 92 (PDF, 74kB)    Severe weather events                                                     Safety Bulletin          All
Severe Weather                102 (PDF, 267kB)   Severe weather preparedness                                               Safety Bulletin          All
Severe Weather                114 (PDF,121kB)    Storm season is coming — be prepared!                                     Safety Bulletin          All
Severe Weather                93 (PDF, 110kB)    Sunlight and UV Radiation                                                 Safety Bulletin          All
Use of Explosives              35 (PDF, 25kB)    Blasting incident - high potential                                        Safety Alert             All
Use of Explosives             62 (PDF, 114kB)    Dangerous transportation of explosives underground                        Safety Alert             Underground
Use of Explosives             62 (PDF, 123 kB)   Flyrock generated by penetrating cone fracture cartridges                                          All
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Use of Explosives              21 (PDF, 10 kB)   Incidents of snapping of downlines                                        Safety Bulletin          Surface
Use of Explosives              37 (PDF, 14 kB)   Serious injury flyrock accident                                                                    Metal
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Use of Explosives             142 (PDF, 23kB)    Theft of explosives                                                       Safety Alert             All
Use of Explosives             51 (PDF, 131kB)    Uncontrolled initiation of a misfire                                                               All
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Vehicle                       287 (PDF, 154kB)   Alloy rim cracking and failure                                            Safety Alert             All
Vehicle                        90 (PDF, 62kB)    Brake problems on On-Highway Trucks at Mines                              Safety Bulletin          All
Vehicle                       246 (PDF, 72kB)    Driving while fatigued                                                    Safety Alert             All
Vehicle                       119 (PDF,82kB)     Explosion-protected diesel engine system standard update                  Safety Bulletin          Underground
Vehicle                       218 (PDF, 101kB)   Fatal Impact of Light Vehicle into Rear of Heavy Vehicle                  Safety Alert             All
Vehicle                       76 (PDF, 219 kB)   Fatality involving water truck                                                                     Surface
                                                                                                                           Significant Incident Report
Vehicle                       34 (PDF, 147 kB)   Light vehicle incidents                                                   Safety Bulletin          Surface
Vehicle                       112 (PDF,123kB)    Mine road safety                                                          Safety Bulletin          Surface
Vehicle                       279 (PDF, 66kB)    Park safely to prevent uncontrolled vehicle movement                      Safety Alert             All
Vehicle                        258 (PDF, 78kB)    Rail safety at coal mines                                  Safety Alert             Coal
Vehicle                        237 (PDF, 109kB)   Rear Dump Truck Drives Over Light Vehicle                  Safety Alert             Surface
Vehicle                        251 (PDF, 250kB)   Safe operation of light vehicles                           Safety Alert             All
Vehicle                        30 (PDF, 100 kB)   Use of forklift trucks at mine & quarry sites              Safety Bulletin          All
Vehicle                        147 (PDF, 35kB)    Vehicle loading cranes - operating hazards                 Safety Alert             All
Vehicle                        118 (PDF,117kB)    Working safely with tyres: highway style trailer haulage   Safety Bulletin          All
Winding, Haulage or Conveyor   291 (PDF, 75kB)    Safety Alert 291: Fatality on a minesite                   Safety Alert             Surface
Winding, Haulage or Conveyor   18 (PDF, 721kB)    13 meter fall off bosun's chair down mine shaft            Safety Alert             Metal
Winding, Haulage or Conveyor   163 (PDF, 134kB)   Incorrect Isolation of Conveyor                            Safety Alert             All
Winding, Haulage or Conveyor   24 (PDF, 161 kB)   Operator receives shock from overhead crane                                         All
                                                                                                             Significant Incident Report
Winding, Haulage or Conveyor   111 (PDF, 168kB)   Ten year old injured at his father's quarry                Safety Alert             Metal
Winding, Haulage or Conveyor   40 (PDF, 124 kB)   Testing of conveyor pull wire activated emergency stops    Safety Bulletin          All
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Section Menu
                                                    CONTAMINATED AIR
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                     Go to General Menu


                                                                                                                       Go to
Asphyxiation                     Smoke & Fume Inhalation                                                       Hierarchy of Controls

Hazard                           Mechanism                           Control                                 References
Asphyxiation                     Inadequate Ventilation              Evaluation
                                                                     Monitoring quality and quantity

                                                                     Procedure for work in designated area
                                                                                                            AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                     Provision & Use of Personal Protective maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                     Equipment                              equipment
                                                                     Restricted access barrier
                                                                     Risk assessment
                                                                     Sampling/analysis
                                                                     Ventilation
                                                                     Warning system/device
Smoke & Fume Inhalation          Blast Fume contaminate Air Intake   Weather / wind direction               Safety Alert 269
                                                                                                             Guidance Note: Management of oxides of
                                                                                                             nitrogen in open cut blasting - QGN20
                                                                     Location of personnel and equipment     (PDF, 1 MB)
Smoke & Fume Inhalation          Engine Emissions                    Air pollution Act - low exhaust fume
                                                                     standard


                                                                                                             AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and
                                                                     Air quality                             air-conditioning in buildings
                                                                     Design of exhaust outlets
                                                                     Maintenance of engines
                                                                     Smoke and fume Monitoring
Smoke & Fume Inhalation          Fire                                Evacuation of persons
                                                                     Permit
                                                                                                            AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                     Provision & Use of Personal Protective maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                     Equipment                              equipment
Smoke & Fume Inhalation          Smoking                             Regular effective communication
                                                                     Restricted area education
Smoke & Fume Inhalation          Spontaneous Combustion              Evacuation of persons
                                                                     Housekeeping management
                                                                                                            AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                     Provision & Use of Personal Protective maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                     Equipment                              equipment
Smoke & Fume Inhalation          Spray Painting                                                             AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and
                                                                     Air quality                            air-conditioning in buildings
                                                                                                            AS 3853 Health and safety in welding
                                                                     Fume monitoring                        and allied processes

                                                                     Paint quality                          AS 1580 Paints and related materials
                                                                                                            AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                     Provision & Use of Personal Protective maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                     Equipment                              equipment
                                                                     Regular effective communication
                                                                     Risk assessment
Smoke & Fume Inhalation          Welding & Heating Process                                                  AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and
                                                                     Air quality                            air-conditioning in buildings
                                                                                                            AS 3853 Health and safety in welding
                                                                     Fume monitoring                        and allied processes
                                                                                                            AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                     Provision & Use of Personal Protective maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                     Equipment                              equipment
                                                                     Regular effective communication
                                                                     Risk assessment
                                                                                                                                                      Go to top of page
                                                          DUST
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                  Go to General Menu

                                                                                                                   Go to
Explosion of Combustible Dust   Respirable Dust             Visibility                                     Hierarchy of Controls

Hazard                          Mechanism                   Control                                  References
Explosion of Combustible Dust   Machine Generated           Dust Extraction System
                                                            Dust removal procedure
                                                            Dust Suppression
                                                                                                     AS/NZS 61241 Electrical apparatus
                                                                                                     for use in the presence of combustible
                                                            Equipment Design                         dust
                                                            Equipment Selection
                                                            Regular and effective communication
                                                                                                     AS 2430 Classification of hazardous
                                                            Risk Assessment                          areas
                                                            Selection of non combustible material
Respirable Dust                 Abrasive Blast Cleaning     Competence
                                                            Dust extraction
                                                            Dust Suppression
                                                            Prescribed Dust levels
                                                                                                     AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                            Provision & Use of Personal Protective   maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                            Equipment                                equipment
                                                            Restricted Work Areas
                                                                                                     AS 1627.4 Metal finishing -
                                                                                                     Preparation and pretreatment of
                                                                                                     surfaces - Abrasive blast cleaning of
                                                            Risk analysis                            steel
                                                            Shrouding
                                                                                                     AS 2985 Workplace atmospheres -
                                                                                                     Method for sampling and gravimetric
                                                            Silica content of abrasive material      determination of respirable dust
Respirable Dust                 Machine Generated                                                    AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation
                                                            Air conditioning                         and air-conditioning in buildings
                                                                                                     AS 2985 Workplace atmospheres -
                                                                                                     Method for sampling and gravimetric
                                                            Dust monitoring                          determination of respirable dust
                                                            Dust suppression
                                                            Prescribed dust levels
                                                                                                     AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                                                     maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                            Provision & Use of P. P.E.               equipment
                                                            Removal of Dust accumulation
                                                            Equipment/plant design
                                                            Restricted access to work area
                                                            Road construction material and
                                                            maintenance
                                                            Shrouding
Respirable Dust                 Wind Generated                                                       AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation
                                                            Air conditioning                         and air-conditioning in buildings
                                                            and maintenance
                                                                                                     AS 2985 Workplace atmospheres -
                                                                                                     Method for sampling and gravimetric
                                                            Dust monitoring                          determination of respirable dust
                                                            Dust suppression
                                                            Equipment/plant design
                                                            Prescribed dust levels
                                                                                                     AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                            Provision & Use of Personal Protective   maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                            Equipment                                equipment
                                                            Removal of Dust accumulation
                                                            Restricted access to work area
                                                            Road construction material
                                                            Shrouding
Visibility                      Dust                        Dust suppression
                                                            Mine planning/scheduling
                                                            Protective vegetation
                                                                                                     AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                            Provision & Use of Personal Protective   maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                            Equipment                                equipment
                                                            Removal of dust accumulation
                                                            Restricted work area
                                                            Road construction material/
                                                            maintenance
                                                            Shrouding (eg. design)

                                                                                                                                              Go to top of page
                                                   EXPOSURE TO HEAT
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                              Go to General Menu


                                  Working With Or Near Open                                                                Go to
Heat Stress
                                  Flame                                                                            Hierarchy of Controls


Hazard                            Mechanism                       Control                                     References
Heat Stress                       Excessive Heat From Welding     Selection and use of Personal protective
                                                                  equipment                                   AS 1338 Filters for eye protectors
                                                                  Shielding                                   Safety Bulletin 93
                                                                  Competence
                                                                                                              AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied
                                                                  Ventilation                                 processes
                                                                                                              AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied
                                                                  Effective earthing                          processes
                                                                  Welding equipment design
                                                                  Welding job design
Heat Stress                       Welding In Confined Spaces      Competence
                                                                  Correct selection and use of personal and
                                                                  protective equipment                        Safety Bulletin 93
                                                                  Exposure time limitations for persons
                                                                  exposed to excessive heat (welding in
                                                                  confined spaces)                            Safety Bulletin 93
                                                                                                              AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                                                              maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                  Ventilation                                 equipment
                                                                                                              AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied
                                                                  Welding equipment design                    processes
                                                                                                              AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied
                                                                  Welding job design                          processes
Heat Stress                       Excessive Heat from Weather /
                                  Environment                     Automation & Mechanised processess
                                                                                                              Mines, Safety & Health, Occupational Health -
                                                                  Observation of persons fitness for duty     Health Hazards
                                                                  Selection and use of personal protective
                                                                  equipment                                   Safety Bulletin 93
                                                                  Shade
                                                                  Worker hydration                            Safety Bulletin 91
                                                                  Ventilation
Working With Or Near Open Flame   Contact With Flame              Competence
                                                                  Risk assessment
                                                                  Selection and use of personal protective
                                                                  equipment
                                                                  Shielding
                                                                                                                                                              Go to top of page
FATIGUE - ROSTERS, ACCOMMODATION, WORK DESIGN & COMMUTE HAZARDS
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                                      Go to
                                                                                                                          Hierarchy of Controls
Acute sleep loss leading to fatigue       Commute after extended shift leading to
                                                                                         Commute after night shifts leading to a fatigue impairment
impairment while on (or travelling to)    fatigue impairment while on (or travelling to)
                                                                                         while commuting
a mine site                               a mine site

Extended roster or consecutive shifts
                                       Extended single shift leading to fatigue         Individual medical, psychosocial or other factors leading to
leading to fatigue impairment while on
                                       impairment while on a mine site                  cumulative sleep quality issues
a mine site


Hazard                                    Mechanism/Contributing Risk Factor            Control
Less than adequate sleep leading to Long commute to the mine site on the first          Alter start time of first shift
acute sleep loss and impairment due day shift
to fatigue                                                                              Comprehensive fatigue training
                                                                                        Risk based journey management/fatigue management
                                                                                        plans
                                                                                        Schedule workers to arrive at site based
                                                                                        accommmodation the night before (if early am start)

Commute after extended single shift       Mine workers working beyond 12 hours and Risk based journey management/fatigue management
leading to fatigue impairment             commuting to/from site                   plans




                                                                                        Comprehensive fatigue training

                                                                                        Well designed residential acccommodation
Commute after night shifts leading to a   Fatigue due to cumulative sleep loss, i.e.    Well designed residential acccommodation
fatigue impairment while commuting        sleep quality during day time sleep




                                                                                        Comprehensive fatigue training
Commute after night shifts leading to a   Fatigue due to cumulative sleep loss, i.e.
fatigue impairment while commuting        sleep quality during day time sleep




                                                                                       Risk based journey management/fatigue management
                                                                                       plans




                                                                                       Consider buses or other arrangements
Cumulative sleep loss leading to fatigue Roster contains more than 3 consecutive       Reduce number of consecutive night shifts or number of
impairment                               night shifts                                  hours in night shifts




                                                                                       Well designed residential acccommodation




                                                                                       Comprehensive fatigue training

                                                                                       Consider commute after night shifts
Extended roster or a number of            Roster contains more than 6 consecutive      Well designed residential acccommodation
consecutive shifts leading to fatigue     shifts or 72 hours in a work week
impairment

                                                                                       Reduce number of consecutive shifts or number of hours
                                                                                       in shifts




                                                                                       Comprehensive fatigue training
                                                                                       Supervisor fatigue training
                                                                            Review task and job design including for number of
                                                                            breaks
Extended single shift leading to   Mine workers working beyond 12 hours and Risk based journey management/fatigue management
fatigue impairment                 commuting to/from site                   plans




                                                                             Comprehensive fatigue training




                                                                             Well designed residential acccommodation
                                   Mine workers working overtime             Fatigue risk management includes overtime and call outs




                                                                             Supervisor fatigue training


                                   Less than adequate resources leading to   Fatigue risk management includes planning for adequate
                                   extended shifts                           resources



                                   Mine workers working extended night shifts Fatigue risk management for working extended night
                                                                              shifts




                                                                             Supervisor fatigue training


                                   Work design includes monotonous or other Fatigue risk management includes role of job and task
                                   demanding tasks                          design on fatigue
Individual medical, psychosocial or   Temporary or ongoing sleep quality issues   Review site capacity for identifying and managing health
other factors leading to cumulative   impacting on fatigue                        issues and psychosocial issues impacting on sleep
sleep quality issues                                                              quality (see Risk Factor 7 in QGN 16)


                                                                                  Supervisor fatigue training


                                                                                    Employee assistance program
Other factors impacting on fatigue    Fatigue is a complex multifactoral issue, a Fatigue risk management includes comprehensive review
due to roster or work design          number of risk factors will interact and need and risk management of all known roster and work
                                      to be managed                                 design factors




                                                                                  Effective auditing and review of the SHMS
                                                                                  Investigations include sufficient skills and support in
                                                                                  identifying fatigue as a causal factor
MMUTE HAZARDS
                      Go to General Menu


      Cumulative sleep loss leading to fatigue
      impairment while on (or travelling to) a mine site



      Other factors



      References
      Safety Alert 246




      Safety Alert 246
      Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
      and extended work



      Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
      Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
      (PDF, 93kB)
      Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
      and extended work




      Form 23 - Temporary accomodation buildings
      checklist
Safety Alert 292
Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
and extended work




Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
(PDF, 93kB)
Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
and extended work
Form 23 - Temporary accomodation buildings
checklist




Coroner Findings of Inquest - Mackenzie Brown
Wilson Recommendations - Feb 2011
Form 23 - Temporary accomodation buildings
checklist




Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
(PDF, 93kB)
Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
and extended work



Guidance note - Effective Safety and Health
Supervision - QGN14 (PDF, 367kB)
Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
and extended work



Form 23 - Temporary accomodation buildings
checklist




Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
(PDF, 93kB)
Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
and extended work
Guidance note - Effective Safety and Health
Supervision - QGN14 (PDF, 367kB)




Guidance note - Effective Safety and Health
Supervision - QGN14 (PDF, 367kB)



Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
(PDF, 93kB)
Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
and extended work
Guidance note - Effective Safety and Health
Supervision - QGN14 (PDF, 367kB)
Guidance note - Effective Safety and Health
Supervision - QGN14 (PDF, 367kB)




Occupational Health - Health effects of shiftwork
and extended work

Guidance note - Reviewing the Effectiveness of
Safety and Health Management Systems - QGN09
(PDF, 116kB)
ICAM or TapRoot or other methodologies with
clear guidelines for identifying fatigue

                Go to top of page
                                                          FITNESS FOR DUTY HAZARDS
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                                                       Go to General Menu

                                             Fatigue impairment caused by
Injury To Self Or Others                                                        Impairment due to influence of Alcohol                Impairment due to illicit drugs
                                             less than adequate sleep

Impairment due to influence prescription or                                                                                                       Go to
                                            Unfit for duty - Physical           Unfit for duty - Phsychological
over the counter drugs                                                                                                                    Hierarchy of Controls

Hazard                                       Mechanism                          Control                                               References
Injury To Self Or Others                     Abusive Behaviour, Fighting       Prohibition
Fatigue impairment caused by less than       Less than adequate sleep prior to Completion of comprehensive fatigue training
adequate sleep (quality or quantity)         shift start                       including health, diet and sleep quality issues
                                                                                                                                      Occupational Health - Health effects of
                                                                                                                                      shiftwork and extended work
                                                                                Compliance with journey management
                                                                                plan/commute management plan
                                                                                Supervisor fatigue training and site procedures for
                                                                                fatigue impairment
                                                                                Compliance with site SOP on FFW                       Safety Alert 285
                                                                                                                                      Safety Alert 292
                                                                                Employees assistance program                          Safety Bulletin 25

                                                                                Job design and planning considers fatigue
                                                                               Consider arriving night before for early shift start   Safety Alert 246
                                             Medical or other individual issue Compliance with site SOP on FFW including              Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
                                             causing less than adequate sleep outside work arrangements                               Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
                                                                                                                                      (PDF, 93kB)
                                                                                Consultation with GP, health professional or
                                                                                Employee Assistance provider                          Safety Bulletin 25
                                                                                Supervisor fatigue training and site procedures for
                                                                                fatigue impairment
                                             Less than adequate sleep                                                                 Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
                                             obtained by end of roster                                                                Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
                                             (cumulative sleep debt)            Compliance with site SOP on FFW                       (PDF, 93kB)
                                                                                Management of sleep opportunity


                                                                                                                                      Safety Alert 285
                                                 Less than adequate sleep
                                                 obtained by end of roster
                                                 (cumulative sleep debt)




                                                                                 Use of black outs, noise controls, reducing alcohol
                                                                                 consumption, nutrition, and other ways to manage
                                                                                 sleep quality                                       Safety Alert 285
                                                                                                                                      Occupational Health - Health effects of
                                                                                                                                      shiftwork and extended work
                                                                                                                                      Guidance note - Safety and Health Risks
                                                                                 Supervisor fatigue training and site procedures for Associated with Hours of Work Arrangements
                                                                                 fatigue impairment                                  (PDF, 93kB)
Person Impaired by influence of Alcohol          Consumption of alcohol causes   Education                                           Significant Incident 20
                                                 behavioural, psychomotor or                                                          Recognised Std 07: Criteria for the
                                                 other effects leading to                                                             Assessment of Drugs in Coal Mines
                                                 impairment                      Effective communication
                                                                                 Employee assistance program
                                                                                 Exclusion from site                                  Significant Incident 20

                                                                                                                                      Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation 2001
                                                                                 Eliminate Workplace Stress
                                                                                 Personal awareness

                                                                                 Prohibition of alcohol consumption on site           Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation 2001
                                                                                                                                      Recognised Std 07: Criteria for the
                                                                                 Random mandatory testing                             Assessment of Drugs in Coal Mines
                                                                                 Site FFW SOP addresses prohibition of alcohol
                                                                                 and site policies manage risks
                                                                                 Supervisor training and skills in monitoring fitness
                                                                                 for duty
                                                                                 Testing if suspicion of impairment through
                                                                                 consumption of alcohol, in particular after incident Significant Incident 20
                                                                                 or accident
                                                                                 Voluntary self testing
Person Impaired by influence of prescription     Prescribed Medication Abuse     Site FFW SOP addresses prescription or over the
drugs/over the counter drugs                                                     counter drugs causing impairment and site policies
                                                                                 manage risks
                                                                                 Supervisor training and skills in monitoring fitness
                                                                                 for duty
                                                                                 Employee assistance program
                                                                                 Education
                                                                                 Management of workplace stress
                                                                                 Alternate duties
Person Impaired by influence of illicit drugs or Illicit Drug Abuse              Education
substances                                                                       Effective communication
                                                                                 Employee assistance program
                                                                                 Improve employee morale
Person Impaired by influence of illicit drugs or Illicit Drug Abuse
substances




                                                                      Liaison with appropriate health personnel and
                                                                      NMAs to monitor systems for identifying additional
                                                                      illicit drugs or substances to be included in site     Safety Alert 285
                                                                      testing, communication and procedures                  Safety Bulletin 111
                                                                      Management of workplace stress
                                                                      Observation of persons fitness for duty
                                                                      Site FFW SOP addresses prohibition of identified
                                                                      drugs and substances causing impairment and site       Recognised Std 07: Criteria for the
                                                                      policies manage risks                                  Assessment of Drugs in Coal Mines
                                                                      Supervisor training and skills in monitoring fitness   Recognised Std 07: Criteria for the
                                                                      for duty                                               Assessment of Drugs in Coal Mines
Psychological Impairment causing worker to         Stress or other factors                                                                  Stress Prevention at Work - International
be unfit for duty                                                                                                                           Labour Organisation
                                                                                        Appropriate policies, procedures and training for
                                                                                        dealing with known workplace stressors              Workplace harassment prevention policy
                                                                                        Education
                                                                                        Employee assistance program
                                                                                                                                            Stress Prevention at Work - International
                                                                                        Management of workplace stress                      Labour Organisation

                                                                                                                                            This place is doing my head in - Australasian
                                                                                        Mental Health Strategies                            Centre for Rural & Remote Mental Health
                                                                                        Periodic Health assessment (Coal Mine Workers
                                                                                        Health Scheme Medicals)
                                                                                                                                            Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation 2001
                                                                                        Pre-employment Health assessment (Coal Mine
                                                                                        Workers Health Scheme Medicals)
                                                   Medical or psychiatric condition     Alternate duties provisions
                                                   leading to psychological             Employee assistance program
                                                   impairment                           Periodic Health assessment (Coal Mine Workers
                                                                                                                                            Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation 2001
                                                                                        Health Scheme Medicals)

                                                                                                                                            This place is doing my head in - Australasian
                                                                                        Mental Health Strategies                            Centre for Rural & Remote Mental Health
Physical Impairment causing worker to be unfit for Physical limitations or disability   Education on nutrition
work                                               causes mine worker to be unfit       Periodic Health assessment (Coal Mine Workers
                                                                                                                                            Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation 2001
                                                   for normal tasks or job              Health Assessment Medicals)
                                                                                        Pre-employment health assessment (Coal Mine
                                                                                                                                            Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation 2001
                                                                                        Workers Health Assessment Medicals)
                                                                                        Provision for alternate duties matched to worker
                                                                                        capability

                                                                                                                                            National Code of Practice for the Prevention of
                                                                                        Risk management and redesign of manual tasks        Musculoskeletal Disorders from Performing
                                                                                        and other ergonomics hazards causing                Manual Tasks at Work (2007)
                                                                                        musculoskeletal disorders                           MSD Prevention Guide
                                                                                        Workforce based health promotion and                Workplace wellness programs - Heart
                                                                                        assessment programs                                 Foundation
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                                                 HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                                                     Go to General Menu


Exposure To Hazardous
                                   Pressure Packs                                                                                         Go to
Substances
                                                                                                                                  Hierarchy of Controls

Hazard                             Mechanism                                 Control                                   References
Exposure To Hazardous Substances   Disposal Of Hazardous Substances          Competence
                                                                             Correct identification of hazardous       Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of
                                                                             substances                                Chemicals (GHS)
                                                                             Regular effective communication
                                                                             Risk assessment
                                                                                                                       National Code of Practice for the Control of Workplace Hazardous
                                                                             Safe disposal procedures                  Substances [NOHSC: 2007 (1994)]
                                                                                                                       Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals - Code
                                                                             Safety data sheets                        of Practice
Exposure To Hazardous Substances   Storage Of Hazardous Substances           Adequacy of storage facilities
                                                                             Auditing of storage facilities            Safety Alert 284
                                                                             Competence
                                                                             Correct identification of hazardous       Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of
                                                                             substances                                Chemicals (GHS)
                                                                             Design of storage facilities              Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
                                                                                                                       National Code of Practice for the Control of Workplace Hazardous
                                                                          Hazardous substances register                Substances [NOHSC: 2007 (1994)]
                                                                          Purchasing control
                                                                          Receival control
                                                                          Regular effective communication
                                                                          Risk assessment
Exposure To Hazardous Substances   Transportation Of Hazardous Substances Auditing of Transport procedures
                                                                          Competence
                                                                          Correct identification and labelling of      National Code of Practice for the Control of Workplace Hazardous
                                                                          hazardous substances                         Substances [NOHSC: 2007 (1994)]
                                                                                                                       Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of
                                                                             Design of transportation                  Chemicals (GHS)
                                                                             Regular effective communication
                                                                             Risk assessment
                                                                                                                       Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals - Code
                                                                             Safety data sheets                        of Practice
                                                                             Traffic procedures
Exposure To Hazardous Substances   Use Of Hazardous Substances               Audit of chemicals on site                Safety Alert 284
                                                                             Auditing of safe use                      Safety Alert 233
                                                                                                                       Adjustment of occupational exposure limits
                                                                             Competence                                Safety Alert 196
                                                                             Correct identification and labelling of   National Code of Practice for the Control of Workplace Hazardous
                                                                             hazardous substances                      Substances [NOHSC: 2007 (1994)]
                                                                             Decanting procedure                       Significant incident 56
                                                                             Establishment of State Register
                                                                             Procedures for safe use of hazardous
                                                                             substances                                Significant incident 56
                                                                             Provision of Safety data sheets           Safety Alert 196
                                                                             Regular effective communication
                                                                             Risk assessment                           Safety Alert 233
                                                                             Selection and use of personal
                                                                             protective equipment                      Safety Alert 196
Pressure Packs                     Flammable Propellant Being Ignited by     Exclude ignition source                   Safety Bulletin 13
                                   puncture of pack
Pressure Packs                     Release Of Stored Energy by puncture of Awareness
                                   pack                                    Design of pressure pack
Pressure Packs                     Toxicity from contact with contents     Control use
                                                                           Design
                                                                           Identification                              Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of
                                                                                                                       Chemicals (GHS)
                                                                             Procedure for use
                                                                             Protection
Pressure Packs                     Toxicity from inhaling contents           Control use
                                                                             Design of pressure pack
                                                                             Identification                            Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of
                                                                                                                       Chemicals (GHS)
                                                                             Procedure for use
                                                                             Protection

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                                                            HYGIENE
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                            Go to General Menu

                                                                                                                          Go to
Disease                      Illness
                                                                                                                  Hierarchy of Controls

Hazard                       Mechanism                             Control                                    References
Disease                      Air Conditioning Units Transmitting   Location of vents
                             Disease                                                                          AS/NZS 3666 Air-handling and water
                                                                   Preventive maintenance procedures          systems of buildings
                                                                                                              Managing the Work Environment and
                                                                   System design                              Facilities Code of Practice 2011
                                                                   System operation
Disease                      Inadequate Facilities (Bathing &      Clean hygienic bathing facility
                             Washing)                              Clean hygienic hand washing facility

                                                                                                              Workplace Health and Safety Queensland
                                                                   Correct design of facility                 brochure - Workplace amenities
                                                                   Correct disposal of waste
                                                                                                              Managing the Work Environment and
                                                                   Maintenance of Hygienic state              Facilities Code of Practice 2011
Disease                      Inadequate First Aid                  Adequate supplies of first aid personal
                                                                   protective equipment                       First Aid Code of Practice 2004

                                                                   Competence in administering First Aid
                                                                                                              AS/NZS 4815 Office based health care
                                                                                                              facilities not involved in complex patient
                                                                   Hygienic first aid facilities              procedures and processes
                                                                   Hygienic storage of first aid appliance
Disease                      Inadequate Sanitary Control           Correct disposal of waste product          First Aid Code of Practice 2004
                                                                   Maintenance of Hygienic state

                                                                                                              Workplace Health and Safety Queensland
                                                                   Provision of adequate toilet facility      brochure - Workplace amenities
                                                                                                              Managing the Work Environment and
                                                                   Provision of hygienic toilet facility      Facilities Code of Practice 2011
Disease                      Sub Standard Water Quality            Avoid contact with harmful water
                                                                   Bath water supplied at acceptable          Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for
                                                                   standard                                   fresh and marine water quality
                                                                   Drinking water to be potable               Australian Drinking Water Guidelines
                                                                   Monitoring and testing by competent
                                                                   personnel                                  AS/NZS 5667 Water quality - Sampling
Disease                      Uncontrolled Transmissions            Regular effective communication
Illness                      Inadequate Food Storage Facility      Correct use of facility provided
                                                                   Maintenance of appliance provided
                                                                   Pest, hazard control program

                                                                   Provision of adequate                      Workplace Health and Safety Queensland
                                                                   heating/preparation facility               brochure - Workplace amenities
                                                                   Provision of adequate refrigeration
                                                                   facility
                                                                   Provision of adequate storage facility
Illness                      Inadequate Sanitation
                                                                   Correct disposal of waste products
                                                                   Maintenance of Hygienic state              Managing the Work Environment and
                                                                   Maintenance of hygienic toilet facility    Facilities Code of Practice 2011

                                                                                                              Workplace Health and Safety Queensland
                                                                   Provision of adequate toilet facility      brochure - Workplace amenities
Illness                      Inadequate Waste Disposal             Correct disposal of food scraps
Illness                      Substandard Water Quality             Avoid contact with harmful water
                                                                   Bath water to be of an acceptable          Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for
                                                                   standard                                   fresh and marine water quality
                                                                   Drinking water to be potable               Australian Drinking Water Guidelines

                                                                   Monitoring of Bathing water for quality    AS/NZS 5667 Water quality - Sampling

                                                                   Monitoring of drinking water for quality   AS/NZS 5667 Water quality - Sampling
Illness                      Unclean Dining Facility               Cleaning procedure for facility

                                                                                                              Workplace Health and Safety Queensland
                                                                   Provision of facility to adequate standard brochure - Workplace amenities

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                                                     LIGHTING
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                      Go to General Menu

                                                                                                                    Go to
Inadequate Light
                                                                                                            Hierarchy of Controls

Hazard                       Mechanism                       Control                                  References
Inadequate Light             Design Of Work Area             Equipment & building design              AS 1680 Interior Lighting
                                                             Ergonomic evaluation
                                                             Generated light                          AS 1680 Interior Lighting
                                                                                                      AS 1158 Lighting for roads and public
                                                             Maintenance of lighting equipment        spaces
                                                             Monitoring lighting quality              AS 1680 Interior Lighting
                                                             Natural light
                                                                                                      AS 1319 Safety signs for the occupational
                                                             Reflective sign quality                  environment
                                                             Risk assessment
Inadequate Light             Human Factors                                                            Managing the Work Environment and Facilities
                                                             Design of equipment                      Code of Practice 2011
                                                             Regular effective communication
                                                                                                      Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation
                                                             Testing of sight (Coal Board Medicals)   2001

                                                                                                                                                     Go to top of page
                                                 MANUAL HANDLING
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Incorrect Manual Handling


Hazard                      Mechanism
Incorrect Manual Handling   Carrying Of Loads




Incorrect Manual Handling   Lifting Techniques




Incorrect Manual Handling   Pushing/Pulling
NUAL HANDLING
T CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                     Go to General Menu

                                                                 Go to
                                                         Hierarchy of Controls

        Control                                    References
        Equipment design
                                                   National Code of Practice for the
                                                   Prevention of Musculoskeletal
                                                   Disorders from Performing Manual
        Ergonomic design                           Tasks at Work (2007)
        Limit load size
        Provision of carrying points and device
        Provision & Use of Personal Protection
        Equipment
        Purchasing control (packaging)
                                                   Assessing and Controlling Risks from
        Risk assessment                            Manual Tasks
        Use of alternative structural material
        Use of carrying points and device
        Weight identification
        Correct storage of loads
        Packaging of goods
        Provision of appropriate lifting points
        Provision of lifting devices
                                                   Assessing and Controlling Risks
        Risk assessment of manual lifting task     from Manual Tasks
        Weight identification on loads
        Competence
        Equipment design
                                                   National Code of Practice for the
                                                   Prevention of Musculoskeletal
                                                   Disorders from Performing Manual
        Ergonomic task design                      Tasks at Work (2007)
        Provision/use of pulling/pushing devices
                                                   Assessing and Controlling Risks
        Risk assessment                            from Manual Tasks
        Storage design
        Use of alternative lighter equipment
        Weight identification
        Use of Inferior equipment                  Significant Incident 60

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                                          MINE WORKER REHABILITATION
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Recurrence Or Aggravation Of Injury


Hazard                                Mechanism
Recurrence Or Aggravation Of Injury   Inappropriate Work
KER REHABILITATION
NTROLS & REFERENCES                       Go to General Menu


                                                Go to
                                        Hierarchy of Controls

        Control                    References
        Ergonomic evaluation
        Fitness for duty
        Rehabilitation process
        Work capacity assessment
        Workplace design

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                                                  HEARING LOSS
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                          Go to General Menu


Noise
                                                                                                                      Go to
                                                                                                              Hierarchy of Controls

Hazard                     Mechanism                            Control                                     References
Noise                      Exposure To Excessive Noise Levels   Audiometric testing of work force (Coal
                                                                Industry Employees' Health Scheme           Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation
                                                                Medicals)                                   2001
                                                                                                            AS 2436 Guide to noise and vibration
                                                                                                            control on construction, demolition and
                                                                Design and specification of buildings       maintenance sites
                                                                                                            AS 2436 Guide to noise and vibration
                                                                                                            control on construction, demolition and
                                                                Design and specification of equipment       maintenance sites
                                                                Equipment maintenance / shielding
                                                                Equipment selection criteria
                                                                Hearing conservation program                Model Codes of Practice - Managing
                                                                                                            Noise and Preventing Hearing Loss at
                                                                                                            Work


                                                                                                            AS 1269 Occupational noise
                                                                Installation of noise level warning signs   management
                                                                                                            AS 1269.1 Occupational noise
                                                                                                            management - Measurement and
                                                                Periodic monitoring of work areas to        assessment of noise emission and
                                                                ascertain noise levels                      exposure
                                                                                                            Office of the Commissioner - Safety Alert
                                                                                                            004


                                                                Personal exposure limits ( 85 dBA)          Model Codes of Practice - Managing
                                                                Physical barrier to restrict access         Noise and Preventing Hearing Loss at
                                                                Physical separation                         Work
                                                                                                           AS 1269.3 Occupational noise
                                                                                                           management - Hearing protector
                                                                Provision of personal protective equipment program
                                                                                                            Model Codes of Practice - Managing
                                                                Selection & use of personal protective      Noise and Preventing Hearing Loss at
                                                                equipment in designated areas               Work

                                                                                                                                                        Go to top of page
                                  PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Exposure To Personal Injury,
Disease Or Illness


Hazard                         Mechanism
Exposure To Personal Injury,   Deterioration Of Personal Protective
Disease Or Illness             Equipment




Exposure To Personal Injury,   Inadequate Maintenance Of Personal
Disease Or Illness             Protective Equipment




Exposure To Personal Injury,   Incorrect Selection Of Personnel
Disease Or Illness             Protective Equipment



Exposure To Personal Injury,   Incorrect Use Of Personal Protective
Disease Or Illness             Equipment
AL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
EVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                      Go to General Menu


                                                                     Go to
                                                             Hierarchy of Controls


              Control                                    References
                                                         AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                         maintenance of respiratory
              Adherence to shelf life                    protective equipment
              Auditing against deterioration of
              Personal Protective Equipment             Safety Alert 284
              Competence in storage techniques
              Correct storage
              Auditing of equipment maintenance         Safety Alert 284
              Competence
              Hygiene
              Maintenance of equipment and
              appliances
              Auditing of equipment purchase
              Competence
              Purchasing procedures
              Risk assessment
              Auditing of personal protective equipment
              use                                       Safety Alert 284
              Competence

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                                                  PHYSIOLOGICAL
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Human Fatigue              Physiological Damage


Hazard                     Mechanism
Human Fatigue              Shiftwork




Physiological Damage       Repetitive Strain




Physiological Damage       Vibration
  PHYSIOLOGICAL
ELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                   Go to General Menu

                                                                      Go to
                                                              Hierarchy of Controls

             Control                                  References
             Age of work force
             Job design
             Quality free time
             Roster design
             Shift length
             Travelling time to and from work         Safety Alerts 246
             Ergonomic design of work place

                                                    HB 59 The human factor - A practical
             Job design in accordance with SAA HB10 approach to work systems design
                                                    AS 2670 Evaluation of human
                                                    exposure to whole-body-vibration
                                                    AS 2763 Vibration and shock - Hand
                                                    transmitted vibration - Guidelines for
                                                    measurement and assessment of
             Ergonomic design                       human exposure
             Work rotation

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                                                              RADIATION
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

Exposure To Radiation


Hazard                        Mechanism
Exposure To Radiation         Ionising Radiation Sources




Exposure To Radiation         Laser Devices




Exposure To Radiation         Solar Radiation Sources




Exposure To Radiation         Naturally Occurring Materials
      RADIATION
EVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                          Go to General Menu

                                                           Go to
                                                   Hierarchy of Controls

             Control                         References
             Competence
                                             AS 2243.4 Safety in laboratories -
             Equipment design                ionising radiations
             Isolation
             Licence                         Radiation Safety Act 1999
             Monitoring                      Safety Alert 81
             Permit system
             Competence                      AS 2211 Safety of laser products

                                             AS 2397 Safe use of lasers in the
             Equipment design                building and construction industry
             Limitation of output
             Location
             Barrier creams
             Cooling                         Safety Bulletin 115
             Exposure time                   Safety Bulletin 93
             Personal protective equipment   Safety Bulletin 91
             Risk assessment


             Shade structure
             Suitable Clothing               Mines, Safety & Health, Occupational
             Water                           Health - Health Hazards
             Isolation
             PPE                                                                     Go to top of page
                                             Guidance note - Radiation protection
                                             from naturally occurring radioactive
                                             materials (NORM) during exploration -
             Risk assessment                 QGN12 (PDF, 221kB)
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                                            RISK MANAGEMENT
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

Accident Investigation /                                     Incident Investigation /
                                   Emergency Procedures
Reporting                                                    Report


Sub Activity                       Hazard                    Mechanism
Accident Investigation/Reporting   Recurring Event Causing   Failure To Put Into Place
                                   Injury To Person          Proper Corrective Action




Accident Investigation/Reporting   Recurring Event Causing   Lack Of Understanding Of
                                   Injury To Person          Cause




Emergency Procedures               Lack Of Control In        Incorrect Response
                                   Emergency Situation




Emergency Procedures               Lack Of Control In        Lack Of Continuing Awareness
                                   Emergency Situation       Of Conditions




Emergency Procedures               Uncontrolled Emergency    Inadequate Emergency
                                   Situation                 Planning And Response
Incident Investigation/Report   Recurring Significant     Failure To Implement
                                Incidents Creating High   Corrective Action
                                Potential Risk




Incident Investigation/Report   Recurring Significant     Lack Of Understanding Of
                                Incidents Creating High   Cause
                                Potential Risk
OLS & REFERENCES                                                  Go to General Menu


                                                                        Go to
                                                                Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                                     References
              Statewide lost time accident reporting
              system.                                     Incident Forms
              Minesite accident reporting system.
              Management system to implement
              corrective action.
              Publication and analysis of results.

              Audit of corrective action effectiveness.
              Systematic accident investigation.
              Analysis and publication of data.
              Statewide lost time accident reporting
              system.
              Minesite accident reporting system.
              Systematic accident investigation.
              Competence in emergency response.
              Implementation of corrective actions.
              Provision of emergency management
              system.
              Evaluation of emergency situation.
                                                          Recognised Std 08: Conduct of Mine
              Emergency response exercises.               Emergency Exercises
              Review of emergency exercise
              effectiveness.
              Audit of monitoring system operation.
              Competence.
                                                          Natural disaster planning for mining,
                                                          petroleum and quarrying operators |
                                                          Mining and safety | Queensland
              Assessment of emergency potential.          Government
              Establishment of monitoring system.
              Competence in emergency procedure           Safety Bulletin 102
              Assessment of emergency potential           Safety Bulletin 114
              External assistance program
              Provision of emergency management
              system
                                                          Safety Alert 003 Office of
              Audit of preparedness                       Commissioner
              Provision of adequate emergency
              supplies
                                               Recognised Std 08: Conduct of Mine
Emergency response exercise                    Emergency Exercises
Systematic significant incident
investigation.
Minesite incident reporting.

Audit of effectiveness of corrective action.
Management system to implement
corrective action.
Analysis and publication of significant
incidents.

Statewide significant incident reporting.
Minesite incident reporting.

Statewide significant incident reporting.
Analysis and publication of significant        Recognised Std 08: Conduct of Mine
incidents.                                     Emergency Exercises
Systematic significant incident
investigation.                                 Safety Alert 286


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                                                      SAFETY MANAGEMENT
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Lack Of Control In Emergency
                                      Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire
Situation


Recurring Significant Incidents
                                      Uncontrolled Emergency Situation
Creating High Potential Risk


Hazard                                Mechanism
Lack Of Control In Emergency          Incorrect Response
Situation




Lack Of Control In Emergency          Lack Of Continuing Awareness Of
Situation                             Conditions


Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire      Deficient Procedure




Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire      Lack Of Fire Fighting Equipment




Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire      Lack Of Skilled Fire Fighters


Recurrence Or Aggravation Of Injury   Inappropriate Work
Recurrence Or Aggravation Of Injury   Inappropriate Work




Recurring Event Causing Injury To     Failure To Put Into Place Proper
Person                                Corrective Action




Recurring Event Causing Injury To     Lack Of Understanding Of Cause
Person




Recurring Significant Incidents       Failure To Implement Corrective
Creating High Potential Risk          Action




Recurring Significant Incidents       Lack Of Understanding Of Cause
Creating High Potential Risk




Uncontrolled Emergency Situation      Inadequate Emergency Planning And
                                      Response
Uncontrolled Event   Changing Circumstance




Uncontrolled Event   Operation Not In Accordance With
                     Planned Procedure



Uncontrolled Event   Uncontrolled Risk




Uncontrolled Event   Unidentified Risk
ETY MANAGEMENT
ANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                    Go to General Menu


                                                  Recurring Event Causing Injury To
        Recurrence Or Aggravation Of Injury
                                                  Person


                                                                     Go to
        Uncontrolled Event                                   Hierarchy of Controls


        Control                                   References

        Competence In Emergency Response
                                                  Recognised Std 08: Conduct of Mine
        Emergency Response Exercises              Emergency Exercises
        Evaluation Of Emergency Situation
        Implementation Of Corrective Actions
        Provision Of Emergency Management
        System
        Review Of Emergency Exercise
        Effectiveness
        Assessment Of Emergency Potential        Safety Alert 272
        Audit Of Monitoring System Operation
        Competence
        Establishment Of Monitoring System
        Competence
        Evaluation Procedure
        Exercise In Fire Drills
        Fire Fighting Procedure
        Implementation Of Corrective Actions
        Audit Of Fire Fighting System
        Plan Of System
        Provision Of Fire Fighting Apparatus And
        Material
        Provision Of Water Reticulation System
        And Water Supply
        Risk Assessment
        Competence
        Exercise In Fire Drills
        Provision Of Fire Fighting Teams
                                                  Mines, Safety & Health, Occupational Health
        Ergonomic Evaluation                      - Health Hazards
                                           Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation
Fitness For Duty                           2001
Rehabilitation Process
Work Capacity Assessment
Workplace Design

Audit Of Corrective Action Effectiveness
Management System To Implement
Corrective Action
Minesite Accident Reporting System
Publication And Analysis Of Results
Statewide Lost Time Accident Reporting
System
Systematic Accident Investigation
Analysis And Publication Of Data
Minesite Accident Reporting System
Statewide Lost Time Accident Reporting
System
Systematic Accident Investigation        Safety Alerts 286
Analysis And Publication Of Significant
Incidents

Audit Of Corrective Action Effectiveness
Management System To Implement
Corrective Action
Minesite Incident Reporting              Incident Forms

Statewide Significant Incident Reporting
Systematic Significant Incident
Investigation
Analysis And Publication Of Significant
Incidents
Minesite Incident Reporting                Incident Forms

Statewide Significant Incident Reporting
Systematic Significant Incident
Investigation
Assessment Of Emergency Potential
Audit Of Preparedness
Competence In Emergency Response
                                           Recognised Std 08: Conduct of Mine
Emergency Response Exercises               Emergency Exercises
External Assistance Program
Provision Of Adequate Emergency
Supplies
Provision Of Emergency Management
System
Audit Of Risk Management System     Safety Bulletin 112
Design Out Risk
Hazard Analysis
Provision Of Protective Barrier
Risk Assessment
                                    Guidance note - Reviewing the
                                    Effectiveness of Safety and Health
                                    Management Systems - QGN09 (PDF,
Risk Management System              116kB)
Audit Of Procedure Compliance       Safety Bulletin 109
Competence                          Safety Bulletin 117
Competent Auditor
Operating Procedure                 Safety Alert 279
Audit Of Risk Management System     Safety Bulletin 36
Design Out Risk
Hazard Analysis                     Safety Bulletin 16
Provision Of Protective Barrier     Safety Bulletin 12
Risk Assessment                     Safety Alert 65
Risk Management System
Hazard Analysis                     Safety Alert 70
Hazard Identification
Risk Assessment                     Safety Bulletin 44
                                    Guidance note - Reviewing the
                                    Effectiveness of Safety and Health
                                    Management Systems - QGN09 (PDF,
Risk Management System              116kB)

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                                            SLIPPING AND TRIPPING
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Slipping and Tripping


Hazard                     Mechanism
Slipping And Tripping      Inadequate Housekeeping




Slipping And Tripping      Incorrect Clothing


Slipping And Tripping      Incorrect Construction Of Surfaces On
                           Which People Move Or Climb




Slipping And Tripping      Incorrect Design Of Surfaces On Which
                           People Move Or Climb




Slipping And Tripping      Incorrect Maintenance Of Surfaces On
                           Which People Move Or Climb
Slipping And Tripping   Incorrect Maintenance Of Surfaces On
                        Which People Move Or Climb
LIPPING AND TRIPPING
ELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                  Go to General Menu


                                                                      Go to
                                                              Hierarchy of Controls


              Control                                  References
              Housekeeping of Floor surface
              Housekeeping of Walk way
              Warning sign of change in surface
              condition
              Provision of properly fitting Clothing
                                                       AS 2210 Safety, protective and
              Provision of safety footwear             occupational footwear
              Clear marking of walkway
              Restricted access to area
              Suitable construction of Floor surface

                                                       AS 1657 Fixed platforms, walkways,
              Suitable construction of Ladder and      stairways and ladders - Design,
              access way                               construction and installation

                                                       AS 1657 Fixed platforms, walkways,
                                                       stairways and ladders - Design,
              Suitable construction of walkway         construction and installation

                                                       AS 1657 Fixed platforms, walkways,
                                                       stairways and ladders - Design,
              Suitable design of lighting system       construction and installation
              Restricted access to area

                                                       AS 1657 Fixed platforms, walkways,
                                                       stairways and ladders - Design,
              Suitable design of guardrail             construction and installation

                                                       AS 1657 Fixed platforms, walkways,
                                                       stairways and ladders - Design,
              Suitable design of ladder and access way construction and installation
              Suitable design of lighting system       AS 1680 Interior Lighting

                                                       AS 1657 Fixed platforms, walkways,
                                                       stairways and ladders - Design,
              Suitable design of walkway               construction and installation
              Lighting
              Maintenance of Floor surface
Maintenance of Ladder and access way
Maintenance of Walk way
Restricted access area

                                       AS 1657 Fixed platforms, walkways,
                                       stairways and ladders - Design,
Warning Sign for maintenance work      construction and installation

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                                                               STORED ENERGY
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Flying Foreign Objects                  High Energy Impact



Hazard                                  Mechanism
Flying Foreign Objects                  Damage To Pipes And Hoses




Flying Foreign Objects                  Incorrect Use Of High Pressure
                                        Equipment

Flying Foreign Objects                  Damage to persons / equipment


High Energy impact                      Inappropriate modifications to high
                                        pressure components
High Energy Impact                      Use Of High Pressure Equipment




Uncontrolled Release Of Stored Energy   Damage To Pipes And Hoses
Uncontrolled Release Of Stored Energy   Damage To Pipes And Hoses




Uncontrolled Release Of Stored Energy   Incorrect Use Of High Pressure
                                        Equipment
STORED ENERGY
ANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                    Go to General Menu


              Uncontrolled Release Of Stored                         Go to
              Energy                                         Hierarchy of Controls


              Control                                References
              Care and maintenance and regular
              inspection
              Correct Marking

              Correct selection of pipes and hoses
              Correct use of equipment
              Housekeeping
              Purchasing controls
                                                     Significant incident 74
              Risk assessment                        Safety Alert 17
              Selection and use of Personal
              Protective Equipment
              Competency
              Risk assessment                        Safety Alert 17
                                                     Significant Incident 50
              Risk assessment                        Safety Alert 265
                                                     Safety Bulletin 117
                                                     Safety Alert 283
              Competency
              Selection of competent repairers       Safety Alert 63
              Procedures for working with stored
              energy                                 Significant Incident 71
                                                     Safety Alert 224
              Protective barrier
              Provision of Personal Protective
              Equipment
              Restricted access
              Risk assessment                        Significant Incident 50
                                                     Safety Alert 224

              Use of Personal Protective Equipment
              Care and maintenance and regular
              inspection                             Significant Incident 56
              Correct Marking

              Correct selection of pipes and hoses
              Correct use of equipment               Safety Alert 60
Housekeeping                            Safety Alert 286
Isolation procedure for stored energy   Safety Alert 1
Purchasing controls                     Safety Alert 273
Risk assessment                         Safety Alert 17
Competency
                                        Safety Alert 275
                                        Safety Alert 70
Procedures for working with stored      Safety Alert 271
energy                                  Safety Alert 1
Risk assessment                         Safety Alert 17

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                                                    VIBRATION
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Vibration


Hazard                      Mechanism
Vibration                   Operation Of Machine




Vibration                   Operation Of Tools
VIBRATION
ONTROLS & REFERENCES                             Go to General Menu

                                                       Go to
                                               Hierarchy of Controls

       Control                           References
       Engineering design                Safety Alert 30
       Ergonomic design
                                         Mines, Safety & Health, Occupational
       Job design                        Health - Health Hazards
       Machine specification             Safety Alert 30

                                         AS 2670 Evaluation of human
       Measurement                       exposure to whole-body-vibration
       Monitoring by competent persons   Safety Alert 30
       Preventive maintenance            Safety Alert 30
       Regular effective communication
       Risk Assessment
       Engineering design
       Ergonomic design

                                         Mines, Safety & Health, Occupational
       Job design                        Health - Health Hazards
       Machine specification

                                         AS 2763 Vibration and shock -
                                         Hand transmitted vibration -
                                         Guidelines for measurement and
       Measurement                       assessment of human exposure
       Monitoring by competent persons
       Preventive maintenance
       Regular effective communication
       Risk assessment

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                                                WORKING IN, NEAR WATER
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Biological                          Electrocution


Hazard                              Mechanism
Biological                          Contact With Contaminated Water




Electrocution                      Contact With Electrical Energy
Working In Or Near Water Or Liquid Immersion
G IN, NEAR WATER
CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                    Go to General Menu


                                                               Go to
        Working In Or Near Water Or Liquid
                                                       Hierarchy of Controls

        Control                                 References
        Barriers clothing
        Competence
        Limit personal exposure
        Neutralising agents
        Provision of Personal Protective
        Equipment

        Use of Personal Protective Equipment
        Water quality monitoring
        Earth Leakage Protection
        Barriers                             Significant Incident 34
        Competence (in safe working)
        Competence in rescue techniques
        Provision of Life saving equipment
        Provision of Personal Protective
        Equipment
        Rescue procedure
        Risk assessment                      Significant Incident 34
        Suitable access                      Significant Incident 34

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                                 WORKING NEAR FIXED EQUIPMENT
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Caught By Moving Component   Falling From Heights


Hazard                       Mechanism

Caught By Moving Component   Working On Active Equipment




                             Falling Into Moving Component




Falling From Heights         Adverse Environment Factors




Falling From Heights
                             Failure Of Personal Safety Equipment
Falling From Heights         Inadequate Assessment Of Working
                             Area




Falling From Heights         Inadequate Design Construction Of
                             Plant
Falling From Heights   Safety Equipment Being Wrongfully
                       Used
Impact From Object     Falling From Height
NEAR FIXED EQUIPMENT
NT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                   Go to General Menu


                                                               Go to
        Impact From Object
                                                       Hierarchy of Controls


        Control                                  References


        Procedure for work on active equipment   SA291: Fatality on a minesite
        Competence in working on active
        equipment
        Risk assessment of conditions            AS 4024 Safety of machinery
        Isolation of equipment
        Installation, use and maintenance of
        guarding
        Audit of compliance with Safety
        Protection procedures                    SA291: Fatality on a minesite
        Risk assessment of conditions
        Engineering design

        Assessment of environmental conditions
        Communication
        Restrict work in adverse conditions
        Selection and maintenance of personal
        safety equipment to meet
        Competence
                                                 AS 1891 Industrial fall-arrest systems
        Design of appropriate restraints         and devices
        Person's ability to work at heights
        Risk assessment of work area by
        competent person
        Selection and use of Personal safety
        equipment
        Selection and use of Scaffolding         AS 1576 Scaffolding

        Selection and use of working platforms   AS 1418 Cranes, hoists and winches
        Use of Lift boxes
        Construct to risk assessment design
        Modifications to Plant
        Plant design preconstruction & risk
        assessment.
Audit for compliance of use
Competence in correct procedure
Access Procedure
                                           AS 2294.1 Earth-moving machinery -
F.O.P.S                                    Protective structures - General
F.O.P.S on Mobile Equipment
Guarding
Housekeeping
Isolation of the area
Preventive maintenance
Risk assessment
Selection and use of personal protective
equipment

                                                                                Go to top of page
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                                    WORKING ENVIRONMENT HAZARDS
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Asphyxiation                 Biological - Bites


Disease                      Electrocution


Heat Stress                  Ignition Of Chemical Substance


Impact From Object           Impact Of Projectile


Respirable Dust              Smoke And Fume Inhalation


Hazard                       Mechanism
Asphyxiation                 Inadequate Ventilation




Bites                        Ants

Caught By Moving Component   Falling Into Moving Component




Caught By Moving Component   Working On Active Equipment
Caught By Moving Component   Working On Active Equipment




Combustible Dust             Machine Generated




Disease                      Air Conditioning Units Transmitting
                             Disease




Disease                      Inadequate Facilities (Bathing And
                             Washing)




Disease                      Inadequate First Aid




Disease                      Inadequate Sanitary Control




Disease                      Sub Standard Water Quality




Disease
                             Uncontrolled Transmissions
Electrocution

                             Contact With Electrical Energy
Falling From Heights   Adverse Environment Factors




Falling From Heights

                       Failure Of Personal Safety Equipment
Falling From Heights   Inadequate Assessment Of Working Area




Falling From Heights   Inadequate Design Construction Of Plant




Falling From Heights   Safety Equipment Being Wrongfully Used

Fire                   Chemical Reaction




Fire                   Frictional Heating




Fire                   Spontaneous Combustion




Fire                   Uncontrolled Heat Source In Building




Fire                   Uncontrolled Use Of Flammable Gas
Fire                             Uncontrolled Use Of Flammable Gas




Fire                             Uncontrolled Use Of Flammable Liquid




Heat Stress                      Excessive Heat From Welding




Heat Stress                      Welding In Confined Spaces




Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Arc




Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Friction

Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Impact

Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Open Flame




Ignition Of Flammable Liquid     Arc




Ignition Of Flammable Liquid     Friction
Ignition Of Flammable Liquid   Friction




Ignition Of Flammable Liquid   Impact




Ignition Of Flammable Liquid   Open Flame




Ignition Of Gas                Arc/Sparking


Ignition Of Gas                Friction




Ignition Of Gas                Impact




Ignition Of Gas                Open Flame




Impact From Object             Falling From Height




Impact Of Projectile           Disintegration Of Moving Parts
Impact Of Projectile                Disintegration Of Moving Parts




Impact Of Projectile                Incorrect Use Of Explosive Hand Tool




Impact Of Projectile                  Passage Of Vehicles
Impact of Projectile                  Persons Throwing Objects
Injury To Person By Lifting Equipment Incorrect Selection Of Lifting Equipment




Injury To Person By Lifting Equipment Incorrect Use Of Lifting Equipment



Noise                               Exposure To Excessive Noise Levels
Respirable Dust   Abrasive Blast Cleaning




Respirable Dust   Machine Generated




Respirable Dust   Wind Generated
Smoke And Fume Inhalation   Engine Emissions




Smoke And Fume Inhalation   Fire




Smoke And Fume Inhalation   Smoking

Smoke And Fume Inhalation   Spontaneous Combustion




Smoke And Fume Inhalation   Spray Painting




Smoke And Fume Inhalation   Welding And Heating Process
Uncontrolled Operation Of Equipment Equipment Operation




Visibility                        Dust




Visibility                        Proximity
                                                                                 Go to
G ENVIRONMENT HAZARDS                                                    Hierarchy of Controls
LEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                               Go to General Menu


              Caught By Moving Component              Combustible Dust


              Falling From Heights                    Fire


              Ignition Of Flammable Liquid            Ignition Of Gas


              Injury To Person By Lifting
                                                      Noise
              Equipment


              Uncontrolled Operation Of Equipment Visibility


              Control                                 References
              Evaluation                              significant incident 22
              Monitoring Quality And Quantity         significant incident 22

              Procedure For Work In Designated Area   significant incident 22
              Provision Of Personal Protective
              Equipment                               significant incident 22
              Restricted Access Barrier               significant incident 22
              Risk Assessment                         significant incident 22
              Sampling/Analysis                       significant incident 22

              Use Of Personal Protective Equipment    significant incident 22
              Ventilation
              Warning System/Device
              Assessment Of Environmental
              Conditions                              Safety Alert 281
              Assessment Of Environmental
              Conditions
              Engineering Design
              Installation, Use And Maintenance Of
              Guarding                                AS 4024 Safety of machinery
              Risk Assessment Of Conditions
              Competence In Working On Active
              Equipment
              Isolation Of Equipment
              Procedure For Work On Active
              Equipment
Risk Assessment Of Conditions
Dust Extraction System
Dust Removal Procedure
Dust Suppression
                                          AS/NZS 61241 Electrical apparatus for use in the
Equipment Design                          presence of combustible dust
Equipment Selection

Regular And Effective Communication
Risk Assessment

Selection Of Non Combustible Material
Location Of Vents
                                          AS/NZS 3666 Air-handling and water systems of
Preventive Maintenance Procedures         buildings
System Design
System Operation
Clean Hygienic Bathing Facility

Clean Hygienic Hand Washing Facility
Correct Disposal Of Waste
Maintenance Of Hygienic State
Adequate Supplies Of First Aid Personal
Protective Equip.

Competence In Administering First Aid

                                          AS/NZS 4815 Office based health care facilities not
Hygienic First Aid Facilities             involved in complex patient procedures and processes

Hygienic Storage Of First Aid Appliance   First Aid Code of Practice 2004
Correct Disposal Of Waste
Maintenance Of Hygienic State
                                          Workplace Health and Safety Queensland brochure -
Provision Of Adequate Toilet Facility     Workplace amenities
                                          Managing the Work Environment and Facilities Code of
Provision Of Hygienic Toilet Facility     Practice 2011
Avoid Contact With Harmful Water
Bath Water Supplied At Acceptable         Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine
Standard                                  Water Quality
Drinking Water Portable                   Australian Drinking Water Guidelines
Monitoring And Testing By Competent
Personnel

Regular And Effective Communication
Earth Leakage Protection                  Safety Alert 42

Earth continuity testing                  Safety Alert 52
Assessment Of Environmental
Conditions
Communication
Restrict Work In Adverse Conditions

Selection And Maintenance Of Personal
Safety Equip To Meet Aust Standard      Safety Alert 184
Competence                              Safety Alert 34
Design Of Appropriate Restraints        AS 1891 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices
Lift Boxes
Persons Ability To Work At Heights
Risk Assessment Of Work Area By
Competent Person                        Safety Alert 34
Selection And Use Of Personal Safety
Equipment
Selection And Use Of Scaffolding        AS 1576 Scaffolding

Selection And Use Of Working Platforms AS 1418 Cranes, hoists and winches

Construct To Risk Assessment Design
Modifications To Plant
Plant Design Preconstruction And Risk
Assessment
Audit For Compliance Of Use
Competence In Correct Procedure         Safety Alert 18
Competence
Disposal
Quantity
Safe Storage
Competence
Design
Housekeeping
Inspection
Monitoring
Preventive Maintenance
Competence
Fire Fighting Equipment
Isolation
Monitoring
Risk Assessment
Stockpile Management
                                        AS 1851 Maintenance of fire protection systems and
Automatic Fire Suppression              equipment
Building Construction
Early Warning Detection                 Building Fire Safety Regulation 2008
Housekeeping
Provision Of Fire Fighting Equipment
Competence
Complying Storage                        Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Fire Suppression System
Housekeeping
Location
Provision of Fire Fighting Equipment
Quantities
Competence
Fire Suppression System
Housekeeping
Location
Provision of Fire Fighting Equipment
Quantities
Storage                                  Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
Competence
Complying Ventilation                    AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied processes
Effective Earthing                       AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied processes
Selection And Use Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Shielding
Welding Equipment Design
Welding Job Design                       Safety Alert 87
Competence
Correct Selection And Use Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Exp Time Limit Persons Exp To Excess
Heat (Weld Conf Spaces)
Ventilation                              AS 1674 Safety in welding and allied processes
Welding Equipment Design
Welding Job Design

Provision Of Fire Protection Equipment
Risk Assessment
Storage                                  Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
Inspection And Maintenance
Risk Assessment                          Safety Alert 80
Storage                                  Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
Transport                                Australian Dangerous Goods Code, 7th edition
Housekeeping

Provision Of Fire Protection Equipment
Risk Assessment
Storage                                  Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001

Provision Of Fire Protection Equipment
Risk Assessment                          Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
                                         AS 1940 The storage and handling of flammable and
Storage                                  combustible liquids
Inspection And Maintenance
Risk Assessment                          Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
                                         AS 1940 The storage and handling of flammable and
Storage                                  combustible liquids
Handling
Provision Of Fire Protection
Purchasing Procedures
Risk Assessment                          Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
                                         AS 1940 The storage and handling of flammable and
Storage                                  combustible liquids
Transport                                Australian Dangerous Goods Code, 7th edition
Housekeeping

Provision Of Fire Protection Equipment
Risk Assessment                          Dangerous Goods Safety Management Act 2001
                                         AS 1940 The storage and handling of flammable and
Storage                                  combustible liquids
Gas Monitoring
Risk Assessment                          AS/NZS 60079 Explosive atmospheres
Storage Protection Equipment
Gas Monitoring                           Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Inspection And Maintenance               Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Risk Assessment                          Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Storage                                  Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Gas Monitoring
Handling                                 Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Purchasing Procedures
Risk Assessment                          Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Storage                                  Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Transport                                Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Gas Monitoring                           Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Housekeeping                             Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004

Provision Of Fire Protection Equipment   Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Risk Assessment                          Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Storage                                  Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Access Procedure
                                         AS 2294.1 Earth-moving machinery - Protective
F.O.P.S.                                 structures - General
F.O.P.S. On Mobile Equipment
Guarding
Housekeeping                             Significant incident 77
Isolation Of The Area                    Safety Bulletin 117
Preventive Maintenance
Risk Assessment
Selection And Use Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Engineering Design
Guarding Around Rotating Part
Housekeeping
Isolation
Minimise Exposure By Design
Preventive Maintenance
Provision Of Personal Protective
Equipment
Risk Assessment
Selection And Use Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Competence                             AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held fastening
Compliance With Design                 AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held fastening
Correct Design Of Explosive Power
Tools                                  AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held fastening
Installation Of Barriers               AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held fastening
Preventive Maintenance
Provision Of Personal Protective
Equipment
Risk Assessment
Safe Use
Tool Audit And Inspection

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
Housekeeping
Disciplined Behaviour
Competence
Purchasing
Risk Assessment
Selection, Use, Storage And
Maintenance
Competency

Register And Identification Of Equipment Safety Alert 79
Audiometric Testing Of Work Force
                                         AS 2436 Guide to noise and vibration control on
Design And Specification Of Buildings    construction, demolition and maintenance sites
                                         AS 2436 Guide to noise and vibration control on
Design And Specification Of Equipment construction, demolition and maintenance sites
Equipment Maintenance
Equipment Selection Criteria
                                         AS 1269.3 Occupational noise management - Hearing
Hearing Conversation Program             protector program
Installation Of Noise Level Warning
Signs
                                         AS 1269.1 Occupational noise management -
Periodic Monit Of Work Areas -           Measurement and assessment of noise emission and
Ascertain Noise Level                    exposure
Personal Exposure Limits (85 dBA)
Physical Barriers To Restrict Access
Physical Separation
Provision Of Personal Protective       AS 1269.3 Occupational noise management - Hearing
Equipment                              protector program
Selection/Use Of Personal Protective
Equipment In Designated Areas
Competence
Dust Suppression
Prescribed Dust Levels
Provision Of Personal Protective       AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and maintenance of
Equipment                              respiratory protective equipment
Restricted Work Areas

                                       AS 1627.4 Metal finishing - Preparation and pretreatment
Risk Analysis                          of surfaces - Abrasive blast cleaning of steel
Shrouding

                                       AS 2985 Workplace atmospheres - Method for sampling
Silica Content Of Abrasive Material    and gravimetric determination of respirable dust

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
                                       AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and air-conditioning
Air Conditioning                       in buildings

                                       AS 2985 Workplace atmospheres - Method for sampling
Dust Monitoring                        and gravimetric determination of respirable dust
Dust Suppression
Equipment/Plant Design
Prescribe Dust Levels - Silica -
0.1Mg/M3 - Coal Dust- 3.0 Mg/M3
Provision Of Personal Protective       AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and maintenance of
Equipment                              respiratory protective equipment
Removal Of Dust Accumulation
Restricted Access To Work Area
Road Construction Material And
Maintenance
Shrouding

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
                                       AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and air-conditioning
Air Conditioning                       in buildings

                                       AS 2985 Workplace atmospheres - Method for sampling
Dust Monitoring                        and gravimetric determination of respirable dust
Dust Suppression
Equipment/Plant Design
Prescribe Dust Levels - Silica -
0.1Mg/M3 - Coal Dust - 3.0Mg/M3
Provision Of Personal Protective       AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and maintenance of
Equipment                              respiratory protective equipment
Removal Of Dust Accumulation
Restricted Access To Work Area
Road Construction Material And
Maintenance
Shrouding

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
Air Pollution Act - Low Exhaust Fume
Standard
                                       AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and air-conditioning
Air Quality                            in buildings
Design Of Exhaust Outlets
Maintenance Of Engines
Smoke And Fume Monitoring
Evacuation Of Persons
Permit
Provision Of Personal Protective
Equipment

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
Regular Effective Communication
Restricted Area Education
Evacuation Of Persons
Housekeeping Management
Provision Of Personal Protective
Equipment

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
                                       AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and air-conditioning
Air Quality                            in buildings
                                       AS 3853 Health and safety in welding and allied
Fume Monitoring                        processes
Paint Quality                          AS 1580 Paints and related materials
Provision Of Personal Protective       AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and maintenance of
Equipment                              respiratory protective equipment
Regular Effective Communication
Risk Assessment

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
                                       AS/NZS 1668 The use of ventilation and air-conditioning
Air Quality                            in buildings
                                       AS 3853 Health and safety in welding and allied
Fume Monitoring                        processes
Provision Of Personal Protective       AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and maintenance of
Equipment                              respiratory protective equipment
Regular Effective Communication
Risk Assessment

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
Competence

Conformity With Positive Lockout Design
Design For Positive Lockout Of
Equipment
Fail Safe Design                          Safety Alert 21
Installation And Maintenance Of Pre-
Start Alarms                              Safety Alert 21
Installation Of Positive Lockout
Mechanisms
Isolation Of Power Source                 Safety Alert 91
Pre-Start Procedures
Regular Effective Communication           Safety Alert 88
Risk Assessment
Dust Suppression
Inadequate or incorrect maintenance       Safety Alert 66
                                          Safety Alert 282
                                          Safety Alert 21
Mine Planning/Scheduling
Protective Vegetation
Provision Of Personal Protective          AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and maintenance of
Equipment                                 respiratory protective equipment
Removal Of Dust Accumulation
Restricted Work Area
Road Construction Material And
Maintenance
Shrouding

Use Of Personal Protective Equipment
Training / Procedures                     Safety Alert 266
Detection Systems                         Office of Commissioner Safety Alert 002
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                                                CONFINED SPACES
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Working In Confined Spaces


Hazard                       Mechanism                            Control

Working In Confined Spaces   Cramped Working Conditions           Design
                                                                  Employee selection
                                                                  Limited work periods
                                                                  Risk assessment
Working In Confined Spaces   Entrapment                           Isolation of equipment
                                                                  Risk assessment
Working In Confined Spaces   Exposure To Excessive Noise Levels   Audiometric testing of work force (Coal
                                                                  Industry Employees' Health Scheme
                                                                  Medicals)
                                                                  Design and specification of buildings


                                                                  Design and specification of equipment


                                                                  Equipment maintenance
                                                                  Equipment selection criteria
                                                                  Hearing conservation program

                                                                  Installation of noise level warning signs
                                                        Periodic monitoring of work areas to
                                                        ascertain noise levels


                                                        Personal exposure limits ( 85 dBA)
                                                        Physical barrier
                                                        Physical separation
                                                        Provision of personal protective
                                                        equipment

                                                        Selection & use of personal protective
                                                        equipment in designated areas

Working In Confined Spaces   Inadequate Ventilation     Air quality
                                                        Monitoring equipment
                                                        Personal Protective Equipment -
                                                        selection and use
                                                        Risk assessment
                                                        Self Contained Breathing Apparatus -
                                                        selection and use
Working In Confined Spaces   Limited Egress And Entry   Design
                                                        Effective communications
                                                        Employee selection
                                                        Risk assessment
                                                        Visibility
          Go to Surface Menu


             Go to
     Hierarchy of Controls

References

AS 2865 Confined spaces




significant incident 47
significant incident 47
Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation
2001

AS 2436 Guide to noise and vibration
control on construction, demolition and
maintenance sites
AS 2436 Guide to noise and vibration
control on construction, demolition and
maintenance sites


AS 1269 Occupational noise
management
AS 1269.1 Occupational noise
management - Measurement and
assessment of noise emission and
exposure




AS 1269.3 Occupational noise
management - Hearing protector
program




                                   Go to top of page
                                             DREDGING
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Access (Personnel and
                        Dredges as Vessels         Freeboard
Materials)


Winch Ropes



Sub Activity            Hazard                     Mechanism
Access (Personnel and   Person Being Immersed In   Access Punt Overturns
Materials)              Pond




                                                   Dredge Or Service Line Moves
                                                   Whilst Person Boarding Or
                                                   Disembarking




                                                   Person Falls From Dredge,
                                                   Service Line Or Punt


                                                   Person Slips On Accessway

Dredges as Vessels      Dredge Capsizes            Dredge Lists Through Sitting On
                                                   High Point Of Bottom Of Pond

                                                   Inappropriate Design

                                                   Overloading


                                                   Strong Winds
                                                  Waves Caused By Collapse Of
                                                  Mining Face

                                                  Waves Caused By Wind Action

Dredges as Vessels   Dredge Sinks                 Falling From Deck


Dredges as Vessels   Dredge Sinks                 Instability Caused By
                                                  Inappropriate "Add Ons" E.G.
                                                  Pumps And Other Equipment
                                                  Insufficient Freeboard




                                                  Integrity Of Hull Breached




                                                  Siphoning

                                                  Water Buildup In Compartments
                                                  Not Noticed

                                                  Water Enters Through Open
                                                  Hatchway Or Other Deck
                                                  Opening




Freeboard            Person Immersed Due To Loss Corrosion Of Pontoons Allowing
                     Of Freeboard                Water Entry
                                                 Cracks In Pontoons Due To
                                                 Movement
                                                 Damage To Pontoons Below
                                                 Water Level
                                                 Overloaded Due To Windblown
                                                 Tailings
                                                 Water Entry Through Dredge
                                                 Inspection Door
                                              Wear On Pontoons From Wire
                                              Ropes
Mining Face       Person Struck By Headline   Headline Snaps Up/Sidewise
                                              Under Pressure
                                              Headline Traverses Area Near
                                              Working Face
Mining Face       Person Trapped By Falling   Collapse Of Face
                  Material
Trailing Cables   Cable Kinked                Direct Attachment Of Wire Sling
                                              Causing Short Radius
                                              Service Line Kinked When Moved

Trailing Cables   Cable Stretched             Cable Caught Up While Being
                                              Moved


Trailing Cables   Sheath Damage               Heavy Equipment Drives Over
                                              Cable




Trailing Cables   Water Ingress               Cable Underwater
                                              Damaged Sheath

Winch Ropes       Person Struck By Winch Rope Overloading Of Winch Rope
                                              Sudden Movement Of Winch
                                              Rope




                                              Winch Rope Cut By Cutter




                                              Winch Rope Worn And Snaps
                                              Under Load
                                              Winch Ropes Broken By Strong
                                              Winds
EFERENCES                                    Go to Surface Menu



        Mining Face                      Trailing Cables



                                                       Go to
                                               Hierarchy of Controls

        Control                          References


        Risk assessment and working
        procedure and see also the
        Working Environment Section -
        Working In or Near Water or
        Liquids
        Restricted access
        Operator visually checks
        progress on or off dredge
        Dredge operator to be notified
        prior to boarding or
        disembarkation
        Dredge to remain stationary
        while person boarding or
        disembarking
        Provision of Personal
        Protective Equipment
        Use of Personal Protective
        Equipment
        Design of accessways on
        pontoons

        Correct bottom dredging
        technique
        Correct design
        Design of winch ropes
        Minimum level of freeboard

        Regular checks for freeboard
        Correct anchor points
        Moor dredge close to bank
        Design of winch ropes
Method of working face
Use of correct winch ropes
Height of mining face
Correct anchor points for
winch ropes
Edge of deck protected by
removable handrails, chains or
similar

No additions without checking
with design engineers
Minimum level of freeboard

Regular checks for freeboard
Freeboard alarms
Avoid violent contact from
work pontoons or punts
Hull kept sound and water
tight
Regular inspections
Interior of hull compartments
kept clean
Ballast storage kept
reasonably clear of water
Correct bilge pumping
technique
Sounding pipes or similar in
each compartment allow
indication of water level
Hatchways and other deck
openings fitted with watertight
seals
Hatches and other deck
openings protected by
coamings

Inspections

Inspections
Competency
Design

Inspections
Competency
Check water levels
Inspections
Restrict access in area of
headline or danger zone
Restrict access in area of
headline or danger zone
Restricted access to area near
working face
Competence
Use of cradles
Lookout maintained when
moving
Visually observe movement
operation
Clear area to move cable
Competence
Competence
Warning signs
Bury cable
Restrict access to heavy
equipment
Suspend cable
Suspend cable out of water
Regular inspection of cable
Repair any damage
Winch rope selection

Check position of winch ropes
Competence
Move past winch ropes
carefully
Mark position of winch ropes

Check position of winch rope
Competence
Moor dredge close to bank in
adverse conditions

Correct positioning of anchors
Move past winch ropes
carefully

Replace worn winch ropes

Aware of conditions
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                                 ELECTRICAL (surface)
Click on links below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


All Voltages            High Voltage            Low / Medium Voltage



Sub Activity            Hazard                  Mechanism
All Voltages            Burns                   Electrical Flashover
All Voltages   Electric Shock   Contact With Concealed
                                Power Sources Via Digging




All Voltages   Electric Shock   Contact With Concealed
                                Power Sources Via
                                Drilling/Cutting




All Voltages   Electric Shock   Contact With Live Overhead
                                Power Lines And Trailing
                                Cables
All Voltages   Electrical Explosion   Environmental Factor: Heat




All Voltages   Electrical Explosion   Environmental Factor:
                                      Humidity/Moisture
All Voltages   Electrical Explosion   Environmental Factor:
                                      Lightning




All Voltages   Electrical Explosion   Uncontrolled High Energy
                                      Discharge (Fault Levels)
All Voltages   Electrocution   Contact With Live Overhead
                               Power Lines And Trailing
                               Cables
All Voltages   Electrocution   Direct Contact




All Voltages   Electrocution   Indirect Contact
All Voltages   Explosion Dust   High Energy Discharge
                                (Electrical Ignition)




All Voltages   Explosion Dust   Static Electricity
All Voltages   Explosion Explosives   High Energy Discharge
                                      (Electrical Ignition)
All Voltages   Explosion Explosives   Static Electricity




All Voltages   Explosion Fuel         High Energy Discharge
                                      (Electrical Ignition)
All Voltages   Explosion Fuel   Static Electricity




All Voltages   Explosion Gas    High Energy Discharge
                                (Electrical Ignition)
All Voltages   Explosion Gas   High Energy Discharge
                               (Electrical Ignition)




All Voltages   Explosion Gas   Static Electricity
All Voltages   Fire                        Malfunction Of Electrical
                                           Equipment




All Voltages
               Physical Impact (Falling)   Electric Shock
All Voltages   Physical Injury             Equipment Failure Causing
                                           Electrical Incidents
All Voltages   Physical Injury   Equipment Failure Causing
                                 Electrical Incidents
All Voltages   Respirable Dusts            Movement Of Dust By
                                           Compressed Air




All Voltages   Severe Burns                Electrical Flashover




All Voltages   Uncontrolled Operation Of   Fault In Electrical Equipment
               Equipment
High Voltage   Electric Shock   Direct Contact With Live
                                Conductors
High Voltage   Electric Shock   Indirect Contact
High Voltage   Electrocution   Direct Contact




High Voltage   Electrocution   Indirect Contact
Low/Medium Voltage   Electric Shock   Defective Electrical Equipment




Low/Medium Voltage   Electric Shock   Direct Contact With Live
                                      Conductors
Low/Medium Voltage   Electric Shock   Indirect Contact
Low/Medium Voltage   Electric Shock   Indirect Contact




Low/Medium Voltage   Electrocution    Direct Contact With Live
                                      Conductors
Low/Medium Voltage   Electrocution   Indirect Contact
REFERENCES                                  Go to Surface Menu


                                              Go to
                                      Hierarchy of Controls


       Control                        References


       Access Barriers to comply      AS 3000 Australian/New
       with Australian Standards      Zealand wiring rules
       Burns Management
       Competence                     Safety Alert 220
       Electrical Competence          Electrical Safety Act 2002
       Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
       Prot/Equip App/Duty
       Cycle/Env Fact                 Safety Alert 45
       Equipment Design to comply     AS 3000 Australian/New
       with Standards                 Zealand wiring rules
       High Volt Isol Equip-Acc
       Perm/Isol Switch/High Volt
       Test
                                      Significant incidents 68
       Low/Med Volt Isol Equip-
       Low/Medium Voltage Test For
       Dead
       Maint Of Elec Inst, Plant &
       Equip In A Safe Operational
       Cond                           Safety Alerts 61
       Provision Of Personal
       Protective Equipment

       Safety Equip Purp Ins & Main
       Equip-Sel/Use/Main/Testing

       Selection And Use Of Clothing
       - Electrical Workers
       Selection And Use Of
       Personal Protective
       Equipment
       Technical Audits Of
       Installation                  Safety Alerts 220
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Digging Procedures            Safety Alert 50
                                Safety Alert 103
Operator Competence             Safety Alert 50
                                Safety Alert 103
Permit To Dig-Locate &
Identify Power Cables/Isol
Power/Test & Prove Dead         Safety Alert 50
                                Safety Alert 103
Up To Date Drawings             Safety Alert 50
                                Safety Alert 103
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Personal Lock                   Safety Alert 50
                                Safety Alert 103

Drill/Cut Procedure-Locate &
Ident Power Sources/Isolate
Power/use Safe Tools/Test
Operator Competence
Up To Date Drawings
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Personal Lock

                                AS 3007 Electrical installations
Audit Of Clearance Of           - Surface mines and
Overhead Electrical Lines       associated processing plant

                                AS 3007 Electrical installations
Earth Continuity Protection -   - Surface mines and
High Voltage Trailing Cables    associated processing plant
Line Clearance                  Electrical Safety Act 2002

Min Con O/H-Loc Rd/Rd Line      AS 3007 Electrical installations
Rerout/Upgrade Rd/Ug Ret/In     - Surface mines and
Clear                           associated processing plant
Operator Competence             Significant incident 44
Traffic Mov Proc O/H Line       AS 3007 Electrical installations
Clear-Acc Per/Check Clear/Iso   - Surface mines and
O/H                             associated processing plant
Use Of Mechanical Barriers      Safety Alerts 174

Use Of Tags, (Danger,           AS 3007 Electrical installations
Information, Out Of Service)/   - Surface mines and
Pers Lock/Pre-Mov Insp          associated processing plant
Use Of Warning
Devices/Alarms
Use Of Warning/Clearance
Signs                           Safety Alert 174
Building Design/Layout
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design                Zealand wiring rules
Housekeeping
                                AS 1939 Degrees of
                                protection provided by
                                enclosures for electrical
Ip Rating                       equipment (IP Code)
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Inst, Plant &
Equip In A Safe Operational
Cond
Building Design/Layout
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design                Zealand wiring rules
Housekeeping
                                AS 1939 Degrees of
                                protection provided by
                                enclosures for electrical
Ip Rating                       equipment (IP Code)
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Inst, Plant &
Equip In A Safe Operational
Cond
Building Design/Layout
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Earthing                       Zealand wiring rules
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design               Zealand wiring rules
Housekeeping
                               AS 1939 Degrees of
                               protection provided by
                               enclosures for electrical
Ip Rating                      equipment (IP Code)
Lightning Arresters
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Inst, Plant &
Equip In A Safe Operational
Cond
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Access Barriers                Zealand wiring rules

Access To Low & High           AS 3000 Australian/New
Voltage Electrical Equipment   Zealand wiring rules
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Earth Fault Current Limits     Zealand wiring rules
Electrical Competence          Electrical Safety Act 2002
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design               Zealand wiring rules
                               AS 1939 Degrees of
                               protection provided by
Exclusion Of Foreign Objects   enclosures for electrical
(Ip Rating)                    equipment (IP Code)
High Volt Isol Equip-Acc
Perm/Isol Switch/High Volt
Test
Housekeeping
Live Testing Procedures
Low/Med Volt Isol Of Equip -
Low/Med Volt Test For Dead
Mobile & Trans Equip - Earth
Fault Current Limitation
                                AS 1319 Safety signs for the
Notices And Signs               occupational environment
Prot Des-Grad Prot/E.L
Dev/Current Dev/Current
Discrim/Ec Dev
Prot Set-Current Prot/E.L
Dev/Current Dev/Integ Cont
Devices
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Restricted Access               Zealand wiring rules

                                AS 3007 Electrical installations
                                - Surface mines and
Restricted Areas                associated processing plant
Routine Testing
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors
Safety Equip Purp Ins/Main
Elec Equip-
Sel/Use/Main/Testing
Sec Micro Computer & Prog
Logic Cont Software & Control
Sys
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment
Technical Audits Of
Installation

Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock/Pre-Mov Insp

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Earth Leakage Protection -
High Voltage Trailing Cables
Earth Leakage Protection -
Low & High Voltage Overhead
Lines
Adequate Mine
Communications
Building Design/Layout

Electrical Competent Assistant Electrical Safety Act 2002
High Voltage Rescue
Competency
High Voltage Rescue
Procedure
Isolation Of Unused            AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment And Conductors       Zealand wiring rules
Low/Medium Voltage Rescue
Competency
Low/Medium Voltage Rescue
Procedure
Maintenance & Testing Of
Rescue Equip

Mine Emergency Procedures
Provision Of Suitable Rescue
Equipment
Provision Of Suitable Test
Equipment
Resuscitation Competence
For Electrical Workers
Standard Of Electrical          AS 3000 Australian/New
Installations                   Zealand wiring rules

Use Of Competent Assistants
Adequate Mine
Communications
Building Design/Layout
Maintenance & Testing Of
Rescue Equip

Mine Emergency Procedures
Provision Of Suitable Rescue
Equipment
Provision Of Suitable Test
Equipment
Resuscitation Competence
For Mine Workers
Standard Of Electrical          AS 3000 Australian/New
Installations                   Zealand wiring rules
Unused Equipment And            AS 3000 Australian/New
Conductors                      Zealand wiring rules
Building Design/Layout
Building Location
(Environment)
Competence
Controlled Dust Removal
From Electrical Equipment
Determination Of Hazardous      AS/NZS 60079 Explosive
Area                            atmospheres
Dust Control
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                            AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design            Zealand wiring rules
Housekeeping
Install Hazardous Area
Equipment
Live Testing In Hazardous
Area
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Remove Electrical Equipment
From Hazard
Render Area Non Explosive
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Clothing (Anti Static)
Competence
Controlled Dust Removal
From Electrical Equipment
Dust Control
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Earthing                        Zealand wiring rules
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                             AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design             Zealand wiring rules
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Maint Proc Min Expl Risk Due
To Static Elec Work Hazard
Area
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Routine Testing
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Building Design/Layout
Building Location
(Environment)
Competence
Determination Of Hazardous AS/NZS 60079 Explosive
Area                          atmospheres
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design              Zealand wiring rules
Housekeeping
Install Hazardous Area
Equipment
Live Testing In Hazardous
Area
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Remove Electrical Equipment
From Ha
Render Area Non Explosive
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Clothing (Anti Static)
Competence
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Earthing                        Zealand wiring rules
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design                Zealand wiring rules
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Maint Proc Min Expl Risk Due
To Static Elec Work Hazard
Area
Routine Testing
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Building Design/Layout
Building Location
(Environment)
Competence
Determination Of Hazardous AS/NZS 60079 Explosive
Area                          atmospheres
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design              Zealand wiring rules
Housekeeping
Install Hazardous Area
Equipment
Live Testing In Hazardous
Area
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Remove Electrical Equipment
From Ha
Render Area Non Explosive
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Clothing (Anti Static)
Competence
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Earthing                        Zealand wiring rules
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                             AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design             Zealand wiring rules
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Maint Proc Min Expl Risk Due
To Static Elec Work Hazard
Area
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Routine Testing
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Building Design/Layout
Building Location
(Environment)
Competence
Determination Of Hazardous      AS/NZS 60079 Explosive
Area                            atmospheres
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design                Zealand wiring rules
Housekeeping
Install Hazardous Area
Equipment
Live Testing In Hazardous
Area
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Remove Electrical Equipment
From Ha
Render Area Non Explosive
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Clothing (Anti Static)
Competence
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Earthing                        Zealand wiring rules
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design                Zealand wiring rules
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Maint Proc Min Expl Risk Due
To Static Elec Work Hazard
Area
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Routine Testing
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Competence - Equipment
Operation
Electrical Competence         Safety Alert 13
                                 Electrical Safety Act 2002
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design              Zealand wiring rules
Fire Fighting Competence
Fire Fighting Equipment
Fire Suppression Systems
Housekeeping
Lightning Protection
Live Testing Procedures
Location Of Electrical
Equipment
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Prot Design-Grad Of Prot/El
Dev/Current Dev/Time Disc/Ec
Dev
Prot Set-Current Set Of
Prot/El Dev/Current Dev/Integ
Ec Dev
Routine Testing
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors

Safety Equip Purp Inst & Maint
Elec Equip-Sel/Use/Maint/Test

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Refer To Working
Environment Section
Access Barriers
Approved Adjust Or Port
Equip/Levels Or Emerg
Shutdown System
Competence - Equipment
Operation For Testing
Purposes
Earth Leakage
Protection/Main And
Distribution Boards             Safety Alert 75
Electrical Competence           Electrical Safety Act 2002
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
High Voltage Isol Equip-Acc
Perm/Isol Switch/High Volt
Test
Isolation And Tagging Out Of
Faulty Equipment
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Labelling Of Isolation Points  Zealand wiring rules
Live Testing Procedures
Low/Medium Volt Isolat Equip -
Low/Medium Volt Test For
Dead
                               AS 1319 Safety signs for the
Notices And Signs              occupational environment
Operating Time Of Circuit
Protection Devices

                                AS 3007 Electrical installations
Provision For Full Current      - Surface mines and
Isolators For Equip             associated processing plant
Provision Of Emergency
Shutdown Devices
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Restricted Access               Zealand wiring rules

                                AS 3007 Electrical installations
                                - Surface mines and
Restricted Areas                associated processing plant
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors
Sec Micro Computer & Prog
Logic Cont Software & Control
Sys
Selection And Use Of Clothing
- Electrical Workers
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Controlled Dust Removal
From Electrical Equipment
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment
Earth Leakage
Protection/Main And
Distribution Boards
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Protection System
Discrimination
Routine Testing

Selection And Use Of Clothing
- Electrical Workers

Workplace/Job Familiarisation Safety Alerts 105
Approved Adjust Or Port
Equip/Levels Or Emerg
Shutdown System
Competence - Equipment
Operation For Testing
Purposes
Electrical Competence         Electrical Safety Act 2002
Equip Crit - Env Fac/Mec
Prot/Duty Cycle/Equip
App/Equip Prot
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design              Zealand wiring rules
Fail Safe Operation Of
Equipment
Isolate Area Where
Equipment Is Being Run
Isolation And Tagging Out Of
Faulty Equipment
Isolation Of Equipment For
Safe Work
                                 AS 3000 Australian/New
Labelling Of Isolation Points    Zealand wiring rules

Maint Elec Plant, Equip & Inst
In A Safe Operational Cond
Prot Design-Grad Of Prot/El
Dev/Current Dev/Time Disc/Ec
Dev
Prot Set-Current Set Of
Prot/El Dev/Current Dev/Integ
Ec Dev
Provision For Full Current       AS 3000 Australian/New
Isolators For Equip              Zealand wiring rules
Provision Of Emergency
Shutdown Devices
Routine Testing
Sec Micro Computer & Prog
Logic Cont Software & Control
Sys
Technical Audits Of
Installation
Unused Equipment And             AS 3000 Australian/New
Conductors                       Zealand wiring rules
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
                                 AS 3000 Australian/New
Access Barriers                  Zealand wiring rules
Access To High Voltage Elec      AS 3000 Australian/New
Equip                            Zealand wiring rules
Check Back Feeds, Par Paths
When Working On Main
Unitsor Alt Suppl
Check Back Feeds, Par Paths
When Working On Ring Main
Units
Earth Continuity Protection -
High Voltage Trailing Cables
Electrical Competence         Electrical Safety Act 2002
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design              Zealand wiring rules
High Volt Equip-Acc Perm/Isol
Switch Sheet/H Volt Test
Dead
                              AS 2067 Substations and high
High Voltage Safety           voltage installations exceeding
Clearance                     1 kV a.c.
Isolation Of Equipment For
Safe Work
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Labelling Of Isolation Points Zealand wiring rules
Live Testing Procedures
                              AS 1319 Safety signs for the
Notices And Signs             occupational environment
                                 Safety Alert 174

                                 AS 3007 Electrical installations
Provision For Full Current       - Surface mines and
Isolators For Equip              associated processing plant
Provision Of Emergency
Shutdown Devices
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
                                 AS 3000 Australian/New
Restricted Access                Zealand wiring rules

                                 AS 3007 Electrical installations
                                 - Surface mines and
Restricted Areas                 associated processing plant
Routine Testing
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors

Safety Equip Purp Inst & Maint
Elec Equip-Sel/Use/Maint/Test
Sec Micro Computer & Prog
Logic Cont Software & Control
Sys

Selection And Use Of Clothing
- Electrical Workers
Technical Audits Of
Installation
Up To Date Drawings
Use Of High Voltage Test
Equipment
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Building Design/Layout
Earth Continuity Protection -
High Voltage Trailing Cables Safety Alert 104
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Earth Fault Current Limits    Zealand wiring rules
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Earthing                      Zealand wiring rules
Electrical Competence         Electrical Safety Act 2002
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design              Zealand wiring rules
High Volt Equip-Acc Perm/Isol
Switch Sheet/H Volt Test
Dead
                              AS 2067 Substations and high
High Voltage Safety           voltage installations exceeding
Clearance                     1 kV a.c.
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond
Protection System
Discrimination
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Routine Testing
Safety Equip Purp Inst & Maint
Elec Equip-Sel/Use/Maint/Test
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment
Technical Audits Of
Installation
Transp & Mobile Machines -
Earth Fault Current Limitation
Dev
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock                      Safety Alert 37
Earth Leakage Protection -
High Voltage Distribution
High Voltage Rescue
Competency
High Voltage Rescue
Procedure
Live Testing Procedures
Maintenance And Testing Of
Rescue Equipment
Provision Of Suitable Rescue
Equipment
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors
Use Of High Voltage Test
Equipment
Earth Leakage Protection -
High Voltage Distribution
High Voltage Rescue
Competency
High Voltage Rescue
Procedure
Live Testing Procedures
Maintenance And Testing Of
Rescue Equipment
Provision Of Suitable Rescue
Equipment
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors
Use Of High Voltage Test
Equipment
Earth Leakage
Protection/Main And
Distribution Boards
Electrical Competence          Electrical Safety Act 2002
Inspection And Testing Of Hire
Electrical Equipment
Inspection And Testing Of
Mine Electrical Equipment      Safety Alert 72
Inspection And Testing Of
New Electrical Equipment

Inspection Before Use Of
Portable Electrical Equipment
Routine Test & Tag Of Port
Elec Equip                    Electrical Safety Act 2002
Routine Testing
Use Of Double Insulated
Equipment

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Acc To Low/Med Voltage Elec AS 3000 Australian/New
Equip                         Zealand wiring rules
                              AS 3000 Australian/New
Access Barriers               Zealand wiring rules

Check Back Feeds, Par Paths
When Working On Main Units
Control Voltage For Remote
Wiring
Electrical Competence          Electrical Safety Act 2002
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design               Zealand wiring rules
Isolation Of Equipment For
Safe Work
                               AS 3000 Australian/New
Labelling Of Isolation Points  Zealand wiring rules
Live Testing Procedures
Low/Medium Volt Isolat Equip -
Low/Medium Volt Test For
Dead
                               AS 1319 Safety signs for the
Notices And Signs              occupational environment
Prevention Of Contact With       AS 3000 Australian/New
Live Parts                       Zealand wiring rules
Protection System
Discrimination

                                 AS 3007 Electrical installations
Provision For Full Current       - Surface mines and
Isolators For Equip              associated processing plant
Provision Of Clothing For
Electrical Workers
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
                                 AS 3000 Australian/New
Restricted Access                Zealand wiring rules
                                 AS 3000 Australian/New
Restricted Areas                 Zealand wiring rules
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors
                                 Safety Alert 6
Safe Use Of Arc Welding          Safety Alert 19
Equipment                        AS 1674.2 Safety in welding and
                                 allied processes - Electrical

Safety Equip Purp Inst & Maint
Elec Equip-Sel/Use/Maint/Test
Sec Micro Computer & Prog
Logic Cont Software & Control
Sys

Selection And Use Of Clothing
- Electrical Workers
Selection And Use Of Ppe
Technical Audits Of
Installation
Up To Date Drawings
Use Of Double Insulated
Equipment

Use Of Isolation Transformers
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock

Workplace/Job Familiarisation
Building Design/Layout
                             AS 3000 Australian/New
Earth Fault Current Limits   Zealand wiring rules
                             AS 3000 Australian/New
Earthing                     Zealand wiring rules
Electrical Competence        Electrical Safety Act 2002
Equip Crit-Elec Prot/Mech
Prot/Equip App/Duty
Cycle/Env Fact
                             AS 3000 Australian/New
Equipment Design             Zealand wiring rules
                             AS 3000 Australian/New
Insulation Resistance        Zealand wiring rules
Low/Medium Volt Isolat Equip -
Low/Medium Volt Test For
Dead
Low/Medium Voltage Safety      AS 3000 Australian/New
Clearances                     Zealand wiring rules
Maint Of Elec Equip-Plant &
Inst In A Safe Operational
Cond

Mobile & Transportable Equip -
Earth Fault Current Limitation
Protection System
Discrimination
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Resistance Of Earthing         AS 3000 Australian/New
System                         Zealand wiring rules
Routine Testing
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment
Technical Audits Of
Installation
Use Of Tags, (Danger,
Information, Out Of Service)/
Pers Lock
Earth Leakage Protection -
Final Subcircuits
Earth Leakage Protection
240V User Outlets
Earth Leakage
Protection/Main And
Distribution Boards
Live Testing Procedures
Low/Medium Voltage Rescue
Competency
Low/Medium Voltage Rescue
Procedure
Maintenance And Testing Of
Rescue Equipment
Provision Of Personal
Protective Equipment
Provision Of Suitable Rescue
Equipment
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment
Earth Leakage Protection -
Final Subcircuits
Earth Leakage Protection
240V User Outlets
                                AS 3000 Australian/New
Labelling Of Isolation Points   Zealand wiring rules
Live Testing Procedures
Low/Medium Voltage Rescue
Competency
Low/Medium Voltage Rescue
Procedure
Maintenance And Testing Of
Rescue Equipment
Provision For Full Current      AS 3000 Australian/New
Isolators For Equip             Zealand wiring rules
Provision Of Suitable Rescue
Equipment
Safe Live Testing Of
Energised Conductors
Selection And Use Of
Personal Protective
Equipment

                                                         Go to top of page
                                                     EQUIPMENT OPERATION
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Impact Of Projectile                  Injury To Person By Equipment



Hazard                                Mechanism
Impact Of Projectile                  Disintegration Of Moving Parts




Injury To Person By Equipment
                                      Equipment component shattered by
                                      external projectile
Injury To Person By Equipment         Incorrect Selection Of Lifting Equipment




Injury To Person By Equipment         Incorrect Use Of Lifting Equipment


Uncontrolled Operation Of Equipment   Failure of equipment components




Uncontrolled Operation Of Equipment   Equipment Operation
Uncontrolled Operation Of Equipment   Equipment Operation
MENT OPERATION
ANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                   Go to Surface Menu


        Uncontrolled Operation Of                                        Go to
        Equipment                                                Hierarchy of Controls


        Control                                    References
        Engineering design
        Guarding around rotating part
                                                   Safety Bulletin 118
        Housekeeping                               Safety Bulletin 103
        Isolation
        Minimise exposure by design
        Preventive maintenance                     Safety Alert 68
        Provision of Personal Protective
        Equipment
        Risk assessment                            Safety Alert 287
        Selection and use of Personal
        Protective Equipment
        selection and use of correct equipment
        components                                 Significant incident 31
        Equipment design
        Competence
        Purchasing
        Risk assessment                            Significant incident 35
        Selection, use, storage and
        maintenance                                Safety Alert 3
        Competency                                 Safety Alert 28

        Register and identification of equipment Significant incident 66
        Inadequate maintenance                   Significant incident 45
        Inadequate equipment inspection          Significant incident 67
                                                   Significant incident 49

        Competence of Maintenance personnel Significant incident 72
        Competence
        Conformity with positive lockout design    Safety Alert 82

        Design for positive lockout of equipment
        Fail safe design
Installation and maintenance of pre-start
alarms                                      Safety Alert 4
Installation of Positive Lockout
mechanisms                                  Significant incident 66
Isolation of power source                   Safety Alert 10
Pre-start procedures                        Significant incident 74
Regular effective communication
Risk assessment                             Safety Alert 291
                                            Safety Bulletin 30

                                                                      Go to top of page
                                                   EXPLOSIONS (surface)
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


                                  Explosion Of Flammable And
Explosion Of Chemical Substance
                                  Combustible Liquid


Hazard                            Mechanism

Explosion Of Chemical Substance   Excessive Heat




Explosion Of Flammable And        Excessive Heat
Combustible Liquid




Explosion Of Flammable Gas        Excessive Heat
XPLOSIONS (surface)
S, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                            Go to Surface Menu



              Explosion Of Flammable Gas                                    Go to
                                                                    Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                             References
                                                  National Code of Practice for the Control of
                                                  Workplace Hazardous Substances
              Safe use                            [NOHSC: 2007 (1994)]
              Heat reduction
              Competence
                                                  National Code of Practice for the Control of
                                                  Workplace Hazardous Substances
              Storage                             [NOHSC: 2007 (1994)]
                                                  Australian Dangerous Goods Code, 7th
              Transport                           edition
              Correct Disposal
              Increase in ventilation
              Increase in ventilation
              Risk Assessment

                                                  AS 1940 The storage and handling of
              Storage                             flammable and combustible liquids
              Competence

              Classification of Hazardous area    AS/NZS 60079 Explosive atmospheres
              Temperature reduction
                                                  Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (WHS
              Correct disposal                    Act 2011).
                                                  Australian Dangerous Goods Code, 7th
              Adequate Transport Arrangements     edition
              Correct use of Liquid

              Classification of Hazardous areas   AS/NZS 60079 Explosive atmospheres

              Risk Assessment                     AS/NZS 60079 Explosive atmospheres

              Competence                          AS/NZS 60079 Explosive atmospheres
                                                  AS 1596 The storage and handling of
              Correct use of Gas                  LP gas
                                                  AS 1596 The storage and handling of
              Gas installation                    LP gas
                                                  Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety)
              Storage                             Act 2004
                           AS 1596 The storage and handling of
                           LP gas
Temperature reduction
                           AS/NZS 60079 Explosive atmospheres
                           Australian Dangerous Goods Code, 7th
Transport                  edition
                           AS 1596 The storage and handling of
                           LP gas
Ventilation
                           AS/NZS 60079 Explosive atmospheres
                           Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety)
Correct disposal           Act 2004
Monitoring of gas levels

                                                                       Go to top of page
Go to top of page
                                       EXPLOSIVES MANUFACTURE (surface)
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Fixed Manufacturing Units    Mobile Manufacturing Units


Sub Activity                 Hazard                             Mechanism
Fixed Manufacturing Units    Injurous Health Effects / Injury
                             To Personnel
                                                                Burst Hoses/ Fittings

                                                                Handling Of Equipment
                                                                Skin Contact With Explosive
                                                                Chemicals
                                                                Slipping On Chemical Spills
                                                                Spillage From Bulk Storage
Fixed Manufacturing Units    Unexpected Detonation              External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity
                                                                External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity
                                                                External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity
                                                                External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity
                                                                External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity
                                                                External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity

                                                                Poor Plant Design

                                                                Poor Plant Design


                                                                Poor Plant Maintenance
Mobile Manufacturing Units   Injurous Health Effects / Injury
                             To Personnel
                                                                Burst Hoses/ Fittings

                                                                Handling Of Equipment
Mobile Manufacturing Units   Injurous Health Effects / Injury
                             To Personnel




                                                                Skin Contact With Explosive
                                                                Chemicals
                                                                Slipping On Chemical Spills
                                                                Spillage From Bulk Storage
Mobile Manufacturing Units   Unexpected Detonation              External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity
                                                                External Ignition Source -
                                                                Contraband, Lightning, Fires,
                                                                Static Electricity


                                                                Poor Vehicle Design


                                                                Poor Vehicle Maintenance
UFACTURE (surface)
TROLS & REFERENCES                               Go to Surface Menu


                                                          Go to
                                                  Hierarchy of Controls
             Control                          References


             Suitable equipment selection     AS 2187 Explosives -
             and design                       Storage, transport and use
             Provision for protective
             equipment

             Operator competence
             Fixed equipment design
             House keeping

                                              AS 2187 Explosives -
             Fire break                       Storage, transport and use

                                              AS 2187 Explosives -
             Lighting                         Storage, transport and use


             Operator competence

             Restrictions of                  AS 2187 Explosives -
             materials/articles               Storage, transport and use

             Restrictions to plant location   AS 2187 Explosives -
             area                             Storage, transport and use

                                             AS 2187 Explosives -
             Security fencing                Storage, transport and use
             Separate storage for individual
             explosive/chemical
             Suitable manufacturing plant
             design
             Maintenance procedures,
             quality control of equipment,   AS 2187 Explosives -
             purchases                       Storage, transport and use

                                              AS 2187 Explosives -
             Suitable equipment selection     Storage, transport and use
             Provision of protective
             equipment
Operator competence
Equipment design
House keeping

Restrictions of                  AS 2187 Explosives -
materials/articles               Storage, transport and use

Restrictions on manufacturing    AS 2187 Explosives -
vehicle refill areas             Storage, transport and use

Suitable manufacturing vehicle   AS 2187 Explosives -
(design)                         Storage, transport and use
Maintenance procedures,
quality control of equipment,    AS 2187 Explosives -
purchases                        Storage, transport and use

                                                              Go to top of page
                                                 EXPLOSIVE TOOLS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Impact Of Projectile


Hazard                       Mechanism

Impact Of Projectile         Incorrect Use Of Explosive Hand Tool
PLOSIVE TOOLS
EVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                               Go to Surface Menu


                                                                       Go to
                                                               Hierarchy of Controls

        Control                                   References

        Risk assessment
                                                  AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held
        Competence                                fastening
        Provision of Personal Protective
        Equipment
        Preventive maintenance
                                                  AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held
        Installation of barriers                  fastening
        Tool audit and inspection
        Use of Personal Protective Equipment
                                                  AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held
        Compliance with design                    fastening
                                                  AS 1873 Powder-actuated hand-held
        Correct design of explosive power tools   fastening
        Safe use

                                                                                      Go to top of page
                                            EXPLOSIVES USE (surface)
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Handling            Storage of Explosives      Transport of Explosives


Sub Activity        Hazard                     Mechanism
Handling            Physical Injury            Improper Handling Of Storage
                                               Containers/ Packages




Handling            Physical Injury            Inferior Packaging
Handling                Physical Injury            Poor Manual Handling




Storage of Explosives   Injurious Health Effects   Inadequate Ventilation




Storage of Explosives   Unauthorised Possession    Theft




Storage of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation      Deteriorated Explosives
                                                   (Sensitivity)


Storage of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation      Detonator/Explosive Contact
Storage of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation   Fire




Storage of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation   Heat
Storage of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation   Impact




Storage of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation   Lightning




Storage of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation   Radio Transmissions
Storage of Explosives     Unexpected Detonation     Radio Transmissions




Transport of Explosives   Unauthorised Possession   Theft




Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation     Deterioration Of Explosives
                                                    (Sensitivity)


Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation     Detonator/Explosive Contact




Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation     Fire




Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation     Heat (Sun)




Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation     Impact
Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation        Lightning




Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation        Radio Transmissions




Transport of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation        Static Electricity
Use Of Explosives         Disturbance Of Underground   Geographical Location
                          Mining Operations
Use of Explosives         Disturbance Of Underground   Geological Factors
                          Mining Operations
Use of Explosives         Disturbance Of Underground   Inadequate Blast Design
                          Mining Operations




                          Disturbance Of Underground
Use of Explosives         Mining Operations            Overcharging
Use of Explosives         Fire Ball                    Use Of High Energy Detonating
                                                       Cord


Use of Explosives                                      Detonation Of Misfires
                          Flyrock

Use of Explosives         Flyrock                      Inappropriate Blast Design
Use of Explosives         Flyrock                      Incorrect Blasting Technique

Use of Explosives         Flyrock                      Limited Protective Zone

Use of Explosives         Flyrock                      Non Conformity With Correct Blast
                                                       Design
Use of Explosives         Flyrock                      Overcharging Of Blast

Use of Explosives         Flyrock                      Overcharging Of Blast
                                                       Unidentified Abnormalities
Use of Explosives         Flyrock                      Inground Conditions
Use of Explosives         Flyrock In Confined Space    Detonation Of Explosive Charges
Use of Explosives   Flyrock In Confined Space      Detonation Of Explosive Charges




Use of Explosives   Ignition Of Dust In Confined   Firing Of Explosive Charges
                    Space




                                                   Atmospheric Conditions (Air Blast
Use of Explosives   Noise                          Only)

Use of Explosives   Noise                          Geographical Location
Use of Explosives   Noise                          Geological Factors

Use of Explosives   Noise                          Inappropriate Blast Design




Use of Explosives   Noise                          Overcharging

Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Faulty Initiating Equipment
Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Inappropriate Blast Designs
Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Inappropriate Shotfiring Technique

Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Incompatible Explosive
Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Inferior Detonating Medium
Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Inferior Quality Explosive
Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Postponed Blast Detonation
                                                   (Sleeping Shot)




Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Unauthorised Explosive
Use of Explosives   Non-Detonation                 Wrong Connections

Use of Explosives   Noxious Fumes                  Inappropriate Ventilated Area
Use of Explosives   Noxious Fumes               Incorrect Mixing
                    Noxious Fumes In Confined
Use of Explosives   Space                       Confined Space
Use of Explosives   Noxious Fumes In Confined   Inappropriate Ventilated Area
                    Space


                    Noxious Fumes In Confined
Use of Explosives   Space                       Incorrect Mixing
Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Heat Source Sun       Hot Ground




Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Impact
Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Improper Handling

Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Improper Handling

Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Lightning
Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Mining Into Misfire


Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Naked Flames/Fire
Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Radio Transmission




Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Sulphide Reaction


Use of Explosives   Unexpected Detonation       Unauthorised Initiation

                                                Atmospheric Conditions (Air Blast
Use of Explosives   Vibration                   Only)

Use of Explosives   Vibration                   Geographical Location
Use of Explosives   Vibration   Geological Factors

Use of Explosives   Vibration   Inappropriate Blast Design




Use of Explosives   Vibration   Overcharging
S USE (surface)
ONTROLS & REFERENCES                                   Go to Surface Menu


             Use Of Explosives                                  Go to
                                                        Hierarchy of Controls

             Control                              References


                                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
             Disposal of used packages            Storage, transport and use

             Proper lifting/handling techniques Significant incident 36
             Provision of lifting equipment
             Provision of protective clothing

                                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
             Quality control of packaging         Storage, transport and use

                                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
             Size restriction on packages         Storage, transport and use

                                                AS 2187 Explosives -
             Suitable designed storage facility Storage, transport and use
                                                  Significant incident 36
             Suitable designed transport
             vehicles                             AS 2187 Explosives -
                                                  Storage, transport and use

                                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
             Disposal of used packages            Storage, transport and use

             Proper lifting/handling techniques
             Provision of lifting equipment
             Provision of protective clothing

                                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
             Quality control of packaging         Storage, transport and use

                                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
             Size restriction on packages         Storage, transport and use

                                                AS 2187 Explosives -
             Suitable designed storage facility Storage, transport and use
Suitable designed transport          AS 2187 Explosives -
vehicles                             Storage, transport and use

Proper lifting/handling techniques
Provision of lifting equipment
Provision of protective clothing

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Quality control of packaging         Storage, transport and use

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Size restriction on packages         Storage, transport and use

                                   AS 2187 Explosives -
Suitable designed storage facility Storage, transport and use

Suitable designed transport          AS 2187 Explosives -
vehicles                             Storage, transport and use

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
House keeping                        Storage, transport and use
Storage

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Suitable Design                      Storage, transport and use

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Ventilation                          Storage, transport and use
Internal audit of stock

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Security procedure                   Storage, transport and use
Suitable designed storage
facilities

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Disposal                             Storage, transport and use
Internal audit of stock
Internal audit of stock

                                 AS 2187 Explosives -
Non-chemical reactive explosives Storage, transport and use

Separate stores for detonators & AS 2187 Explosives -
explosives                       Storage, transport and use
                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Warning signs                     Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Fire breaks                       Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Fire suppression                  Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
House keeping                     Storage, transport and use

Non flammable external            AS 2187 Explosives -
construction                      Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Prohibited articles & equipment   Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Safe site location                Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Warn signs                        Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Properly designed magazine        Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Premise design/construction       Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Protective berms                  Storage, transport and use
Restricted vehicular access

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Safe site location                Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Lightning conductors              Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Suitable designed premises        Storage, transport and use

                                  AS 2187 Explosives -
Power output restrictions         Storage, transport and use
                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Transmission restrictions      Storage, transport and use

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Warning signs                  Storage, transport and use
Internal audit of stock

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Security procedures            Storage, transport and use
Transport storage container

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Disposal                       Storage, transport and use
Internal Audits of stock
Internal Audit

Separation zone between        AS 2187 Explosives -
explosives and detonators      Storage, transport and use

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Explosive vehicle design       Storage, transport and use
Fire fighting procedures

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Fire suppression equipment     Storage, transport and use

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Prohibited smoking             Storage, transport and use

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Separation zone                Storage, transport and use

                               AS 2187 Explosives -
Explosive vehicle design       Storage, transport and use
Exposure limitations

Prohibited certain articles/   AS 2187 Explosives -
equipment                      Storage, transport and use

Separation zone between        AS 2187 Explosives -
explosive and detonators       Storage, transport and use
Speed of vehicles

Use of properly designed       AS 2187 Explosives -
explosive vehicle              Storage, transport and use
                                    AS 2187 Explosives -
Explosive vehicle design            Storage, transport and use

Exposure limitation during storms

                                    AS 2187 Explosives -
Power output restrictions           Storage, transport and use

                                    AS 2187 Explosives -
Transmission restrictions           Storage, transport and use

Warning signs in vehicles and       AS 2187 Explosives -
blasting area                       Storage, transport and use

                                    AS 2187 Explosives -
Explosive vehicle design            Storage, transport and use
Evacuation of personnel
Notification of blast
Evaluation of geology
Selection of explosive
Blast monitoring/analysis
Correct delay pattern
Evaluation of possible blast
effects
Suitable blast design

Conformity with blast design
Evaluation of dust potential
Selection of correct initiating
explosive
Wet area down
Competence in shotfiring
Procedure
Suitable designed blasting
pattern.
Competence in shotfiring            Safety Alert 35
Procedure                           Safety Alert 35
                                    Safety Alert 35
Evaluation of safety zones
                                    Significant incident 62
Competence in shotfiring
Conformity with design
Competence in shotfiring
Conformity with correct blast
loading.

Strata evaluation                   Significant incident 37
Blasting mat
Competence of shotfirer
Restricted personnel zone
Selection of explosive
Size of charge
Detonating medium
Make dust inert
Removal of dust
Restricted personnel zone
Use Permitted explosives
Monitoring/testing
Removal of gas
Restricted personnel zone
Use Permitted explosives

Evaluation of atmospheric        AS 2187 Explosives -
condition (cloud cover)          Storage, transport and use
Proximity of surface structure
consideration
Evaluation of geology
Selection of explosive
Blast design
Blast monitoring/analysis
Competence in blast design
Correct delay pattern
Evaluation of possible blast
effects
Competence in shotfiring
Conformity with blast design
Testing of equipment
Competence in blast design
Competence in shotfiring
New technology
Product selection
Quality product control
Quality product control
Conformity with manufacturer
recommendations
Restricted movements
Strata analysis
Suitable blast design
Prohibition
Adherence to blast plan
Competence in shotfiring
Competence in shotfiring
Provision adequate ventilation
Safety time periods
                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Product quality control              Storage, transport and use

Evaluation of blasting area
Competence in shotfiring

Provision for adequate ventilation

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Product quality control              Storage, transport and use
Explosive selection

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Ground temperature monitoring        Storage, transport and use

Restrictions on exposure period
Shade protection from sun            Safety Alert 73

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Thermal barrier                      Storage, transport and use

Restriction on equipment
movement & areas of movement
Handling procedures
Use of correct preparation &
initiation equipment
Awareness of potential storm
activity
Explosive recovery procedures

Prohibition on naked flames in       AS 2187 Explosives -
designated areas                     Storage, transport and use

                                     AS 2187 Explosives -
Restriction on operational areas     Storage, transport and use

                                   AS 2187 Explosives -
Restriction on power output        Storage, transport and use
Explosive selection
Strata analysis
Initiation apparatus under control
of authorised person

Evaluation of atmospheric            AS 2187 Explosives -
condition (cloud cover)              Storage, transport and use
Proximity of surface structure
consideration
Evaluation of geology
Selection of explosive
Blast design
Blast monitoring/analysis
Competence in blast design
Correct delay pattern
Evaluation of possible blast
effects
Competence in shotfiring
Conformity with blast design

                               Go to top of page
                                                       FEEDERS- RECLAIMERS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

Accumulation Of Gas/Loss Of
                                       Entrapment
Oxygen


Tunnel Explosion


Hazard                                 Mechanism
Accumulation of Gas / Loss of          Person In/Near Hazardous Area
Oxygen
Entrapment                             Fire (In Buried/Trapped Machine)




Entrapment                             Flooding, Slumping, Fire, Explosion,
                                       Structural Failure




Excess Respirable Dust                 Person In/Near Hazardous Area




Person Falling/Tripping Contact With   Accumulation Of Material/Spillage
In-Motion Machinery
Person Falling / Tripping Contact
With In-Motion Machinery               Inadequate Guarding
Person Falling/Tripping Contact With
In-Motion Machinery                    Incorrect Work Methods
Tunnel Explosion                       Person In/Near Tunnel
EEDERS- RECLAIMERS
MS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                               Go to Surface Menu


                                                        Person Falling/Tripping Contact
             Excess Respirable Dust
                                                        With In-Motion Machinery

                                                                      Go to
                                                              Hierarchy of Controls

             Control                                    References
             Use Artificial Atmosphere Equipment
             Ventilate To The Appropriate Standard
             Automatic Engine Shutdown System
             Automatic Fire Suppression Systems
             Maintenance Of Fire Suppression
             Systems
             Situation Management Plan
             Alternative Access
             Control Drainage
             Control Explosion Potential
             Control Fire Potential
             Design Of Structure
             Maintenance Of Structure
             Protection Of Structure
             Assess Hazard - Reduce Exposure
             Suppress Dust To Appropriate
             Concentrations (see also Working
             Environment Section)
             Maintain Adequate Lighting
             Maintain Clear Work Area

             Provide Barriers

             Hazard Assessment
             Periodically Assess The Gas Potential Of
             The Situation
             Provide Ventilation Appropriate To The
             Situation
             Restrict Access
             Equipment Condition Monitoring
             Escape Routes And Evacuation Plan
             Warning System
             Heat Detection/Fire Warning Systems
             Maintenance Of Heat Detection Fire
             Warning System
             Restrict Access
Go to top of page
Go to top of page
                                           GROUND CONTROL - SPOIL DUMPS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Access to and working         Access to and working under
                                                          Spoil Dumps
under excavated face          Spoil Piles


Sub Activity                  Hazard                         Mechanism
Access to and working under   Person falling into void       Collapse of subterranean void
excavated face                                               in blasted ground


Access to and working under   Person Falling Into Void       Driving Equipment Over Face
excavated face




Access to and working under   Person falling into void       Falling down a sink hole
excavated face                                               (washout)




Access to and working under   Person Falling Into Void       Falling Down Open Drill Holes
excavated face




Access to and working under   Person hit by falling object   Object dislodged from face by
excavated face                                               blasting




Access to and working under   Person hit by falling object   Object dislodged from face by
excavated face                                               machine activity
Access to and working under   Person hit by falling object    Object dislodged from face by
excavated face                                                machine activity




Access to and working under   Person hit by falling object    Object dislodged from face by
excavated face                                                rain/wind




Access to and working under   Person hit by falling object    Object dislodged from face
excavated face




Access to and working under   Personnel/Machine engulfed in   Collapse of material hanging on
excavated face                material                        face




Access to and working under   Personnel/Machine engulfed in material
                                                             Face failure
excavated face




Access to and working under   Persons falling into void       Falling down open drill holes
excavated face
Access to and working under   Vehicle/Mobile Equipment          Driving equipment over face
excavated face                Rollover




Access to and working under   Person struck by falling object   Object dislodged by blasting
Spoil Piles




Access to and working under   Person struck by falling object   Object dislodged by machine
Spoil Piles                                                     activity




Access to and working under   Person struck by falling object   Object dislodged by rain
Spoil Piles




Access to and working under   Person struck by falling object   Object dislodged by slumping
Spoil Piles
Access to and working under   Person struck by falling object   Object dislodged by slumping
Spoil Piles




Access to and working under   Person struck by falling object   Object dislodged by weathering
Spoil Piles




Access to and working under   Person struck by falling object   Object dislodged by wind
Spoil Piles




Access to and working under   Person/machine engulfed in        Equipment/person falls into void
Spoil Piles                   material




Access to and working under   Person/machine engulfed in        Slumping of spoil
Spoil Piles                   material
Access to and working under   Person/machine engulfed in         Uncontrolled release of mud in
Spoil Piles                   material                           spoil




Access to and working under   Vehicle/Mobile Equipment           Edge gives way under
Spoil Piles                   Rollover                           equipment




Spoil Dumps                   Contact with H.V Transmission      Dump too close to overhead
                              Lines                              power lines

Spoil Dumps                   Contact with H.V Transmission      Truck moves off dump with tray
                              Lines                              up

Spoil Dumps                   Person struck by falling objects   Rock falling off equipment




Spoil Dumps                   Person struck by falling objects   Rock rolling off dump

Spoil Dumps                   Person/Machine engulfed in         Edge of dump gives way
                              material




Spoil Dumps                   Person/Machine engulfed in         Slumping of dump material
                              material




Spoil Dumps                   Person/machine engulfed in         Uncontrolled release of mud in
                              material                           spoil


Spoil Dumps                   Vehicle/mobile equipment           Edge gives way under
                              rollover                           equipment
Spoil Dumps   Vehicle/mobile equipment   Edge gives way under
              rollover                   equipment




Spoil Dumps   Vehicle/Mobile Equipment   Equipment driven over edge
              Rollover
ROL - SPOIL DUMPS
ONTROLS & REFERENCES                                  Go to Surface Menu


                                                                Go to
                                                        Hierarchy of Controls


              Control                            References
              Competency
              Method of working
              Restricted access in suspect
              areas
              Competence                         Significant incident 46
              Control Direction Of Access
              And Machine Working                Significant incident 40
              Identify And Isolate Hazardous
              Edges                              Safety Alert 210
              Restricted Access To Crest
              Areas Of Face                      Significant incident 19
              Competency
              Inspection and monitoring to
              determine existence of sink
              holes
              Proper drainage
              Restricted access in suspect
              areas
              Capped Drill Holes
              Competency
              Method Of Working
              Restrict Access To Person
              System To Maintain Awareness
              Of Hazards
              Activity to be planned so as to
              maximise stand off and
              maintain a line of retreat
              Provision of Personal protective
              equipment
              Restrict access under face
              Restrict operations requiring
              person on ground below face
              Use of Personal Protective
              Equipment
              Activity on ground to be
              planned so as to maximise
              stand off and maintain a line of
              retreat
Blast design
Evacuate person during
blasting
Inspect and monitor face
Provision of Personal protective
equipment
Restrict access under face
Restrict machine activity in
areas above where person on
ground
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below
machine
Use of Personal Protective
Equipment
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Restrict access under face
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below face
Use of Personal Protective
equipment
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Restrict access under face         Safety Alert 58
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below face        Safety Alert 58
Use of Personal protective
equipment                          Safety Alert 58
Compliance with design
Proper scaling of face
Restricted access to base of
face
Risk Assessment                    Significant incident 53
Drainage
Method of working
Mine design                        Safety Alert 22
Restricted access to crest
areas and base of face             Safety Alert 22
Risk Assessment                    Safety Alert 22
Capped drill holes
Competency
Method of working
Restrict access to person
System to maintain awareness
of hazard
Competence
Control direction of access and
machine working
Identify and isolate hazardous
edges
Restricted access to crest
areas of face
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Blast design
Provision of personal protective
equipment
Restrict access
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below spoil
piles
Use of personal protective
equipment
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Provision of personal protective
equipment

Restrict machine activity above
areas where person on ground
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below
working machines
Restricted access                  Significant incident 26
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Provision of personal protective
equipment
Restrict access
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below spoil
piles
Use of personal protective
equipment
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Monitoring of spoil piles for
movement
Proper drainage
Provision of personal protective
equipment
Restrict access
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below spoil
piles
Use of personal protective
equipment
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Monitoring of spoil piles for
movement
Proper drainage
Provision of personal protective
equipment
Restrict access
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below spoil
piles
Use of personal protective
equipment
Activity to be planned so as to
maximise stand off and
maintain a line of retreat
Provision of personal protective
equipment
Restrict access
Restrict operations requiring
person on ground below spoil
piles
Use of personal protective
equipment
Use of personal protective
equipment
Competence
Method of working
Operator aware of dangers
Restrict access
Risk Assessment
Competence
Design of spoil piles
Method of dumping
Monitoring of spoil piles for
movement
Operator aware of dangers
(regular communication)
Preparation of base area for
spoil
Restrict access
Risk Assessment
Adequate drainage to prevent
pondage
Competence
Restrict access
Risk assessment
System to maintain awareness
of hazards
Competence
Method of Working
Operator aware of dangers
(identify hazardous edges)
Restrict access
Risk Assessment
Dump condition monitored
Dump design
Risk Assessment
Competence

Warning devices in equipment
Dump condition monitored
No machinery works above
person on ground

Restrict/minimise the need for a
person to be on the ground
Design of dumps
Restrict access
Control drainage
Dump Design
Identify hazardous edges
Protective barriers
Restrict access
Risk Assessment
Working method
Control drainage
Dump design
Monitoring of movement
Restrict access
Risk Assessment
Working method
Compacted top layer
Dump design
Proper drainage
Working method
Competence
Condition of dump regularly
monitored
Identify and isolate hazardous
edges
Method of working (eg dump
short)
Restrict access
Competence
Control direction of access and
machine movement
Identify and isolate hazardous
edges                           Safety Alert 77
Method of working (minimise
hazardous edges)
Protective barriers
Restrict access
Risk Assessment

                                                  Go to top of page
                                                          HIGHWALL MINING
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


                                     Ejection Of Water/Air/Mud/Material
Collapse Of Person
                                     From Drivage

Gas And Coal Dust Ignition           Highwall Collapse

                                     Injury To Personnel From
Injury To Personnel
                                     Unauthorised Entry In Excavation

Rock Fall From Highwall/Low
Wall/End Wall Spoil Pile On
Highwall

Hazard                               Mechanism
Collapse Of Person                   Illness


Ejection Of Water/Air/Mud/Material   Sudden Drivage Collapse
From Drivage




Entrapment/Roof Fall                 Equipment




Entrapment/Roof Fall                 Roof Fall


Flooding                             Inappropriate Drainage Design




Gas and Coal Dust Ignition           Electrical Heating/Sparking
Gas And Coal Dust Ignition   Frictional Heating




Gas And Coal Dust Ignition   Grinding, Welding, Cutting,
                             Uncontrolled Ignition Source




Gas And Coal Dust Ignition   Impact-Sparking




Gas And Coal Dust Ignition   Lightning
Highwall Collapse            Drivage Instability Due To Adjacent
                             Mining Effect
Highwall Collapse                        Drivage Instability Due To
                                         Unexpected Geological/Structural
                                         Conditions


Highwall Collapse                        Instability Due To Under Size Pillars




Injury Caused By Incorrect Action By     Inadequate Competency
Employee


Injury To Person In Drivage By Fall Of   Roof And Rib Failure
Roof And Rib




Injury To Personnel                      Electrical




Injury To Personnel                      Outbreak Of Fire
Injury To Personnel From Unauthorised Entries Left With Unrestricted Access
Entry In Excavation




Inrush                               Aquifer Connection


Inrush                               Connection With Mine Working




Inrush                               From Surface Feature/Structure




Person Overcome By Atmospheric       Failure Of Ventilation Equipment
Deficiency


Person Overcome By Atmospheric       Noxious Gas
Deficiency




Person Overcome By Atmospheric       O2 Deficiency
Deficiency




Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Blast Damage
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall




Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Blast Vibration
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall


Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Equipment/Personnel/Services
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall
Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Geological Factor
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall
Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Machine Vibration
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall



Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Pillar/Web Collapse
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall




Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Rainfall
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall




Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall          Strong Wind
Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Subsidence
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall



Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Weathering
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall




Rock Fall From Highwall/Low Wall/End Wet Strata
Wall Spoil Pile On Highwall
 HIGHWALL MINING
MS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                              Go to Surface Menu



              Entrapment/Roof Fall                   Flooding

              Injury Caused By Incorrect Action By   Injury To Person In Drivage By Fall
              Employee                               Of Roof And Rib

                                                     Person Overcome By Atmospheric
              Inrush
                                                     Deficiency

                                                                              Go to
                                                                      Hierarchy of Controls


              Control                                References
              Communication Procedure
              Provision Of Communication System
              Rescue Procedure
              Conformity With Mining Plan
              Convergence Monitoring
              Extraction Sequence Plan
              Geotechnical Study
              Pillar Design
              Restricted Area
              Communication Procedure
              Equipment Repair Procedure
              Provision Of Communication System
              Rescue Procedure
              Communication Procedure
              Provision Of Communication System
              Rescue Procedure
              Conformity With Mining Plan
              Evacuation Of Personnel
              Geotechnical Study
              Mine Design
              Atmosphere Monitoring For Ch4
              E.R.A.E. Electrical Equipment
              Equipment Design
              Equipment Installed To Specification
              Equipment Manufactured To
              Specification
              Equipment Selection
              Machine Monitoring For Heating
Predetermination Of Gas
Quantity/Type/Source
Use Of Inert Gas
Ventilation Quantity And Velocity
Atmosphere Monitoring For CH4
Automatic Cut Off Of Cutting Power At
2% Methane General Body Gas
Concentrations
Equipment Design
Equipment Installation
Equipment Maintenance
Equipment Manufacturer
Machine Monitoring For Heating
Predetermination Of Gas
Quantity/Type/Source
Use Of Inert Gas
Ventilation Quantity And Velocity
Determination Of Restricted Activity In
Area
Procedure For Working In Restricted
Area
Prohibited Activity Area
Atmosphere Monitoring For Ignition
Potential
Automatic Cut Off Of Cutting Power At
2% Methane General Body Gas
Concentrations
Evaluation For Presence Of Incendive
Rocks
Mining Technique
Predetermination Of Gas
Quantity/Type/Source

Risk Assessment Of Explosion Potential
Risk Assessment Use Of Light Alloy
Rock Mass Characterisation Including
Coal Seams
Use Of Inert Gas/Stone Dust/Water
Ventilation Quantity And Velocity
Water Spray Configuration
Water Spray Quantity
Lightning Conductor
Accurate Alignment/Guidance
Accurate Plans Of Other Workings
Conformity With Mining Plan
Geotechnical Study
Monitoring
Stowage Of Drivage
Continuous Updating Of Seam Structural
Model
Delineation Of Hazard Zone
Detailed Highwall Mapping
Stowage Of Drivage
Accurate Alignment
Conformity With Mining Plan
Geotechnical Study
Guidance System
Stowage Of Drivage
Employment Selection
Recovery Competency
Underground Competency
Competent Person To Supervise
Excavation Activity
Monitoring
Risk Assessment Of Conditions By
Competent Person
Support
Atmospheric Monitoring
Equipment Design To Specification

Equipment Installation To Specification

Equipment Maintenance To Specification

Equipment Manufacture To Specification
Equipment Monitoring (Thermal Sensing
Of Equipment)
Equipment Selection To Specification
Fire Suppression Equipment
Inert Atmosphere
Remote Visual Monitoring
Atmospheric Monitoring
Equipment Design To Specification

Equipment Installation To Specification

Equipment Maintenance To Specification

Equipment Manufacture To Specification
Equipment Monitoring (Thermal Sensing
Of Equipment)
Equipment Selection To Specification
Evacuation Of Personnel
Fire Suppression Equipment
Inert Atmosphere
Procedure For Fire Fighting
Use Of Flame Retardant Material

Barricades/Fences With Danger Signs
Personnel Movement Restrictions To
Work Area
Sealing All Completed Drivages
Conformity With Mining Plan
Geotechnical Study
Mine Design
Conformity With Mining Plan
Geotechnical Study
Mine Design
Risk Assessment Of Potential Inrush
Conformity With Mining Plan
Geotechnical Study
Inrush Protective Procedures
Mine Design
Risk Assessment Of Potential Inrush    Significant incident 16
Maintenance Of Ventilation Equipment
Monitoring Air Quality
Procedure For Ventilation Failure
Adequate Ventilation
Communication Equipment
Communication Procedures
Monitoring Air Quality
Self Rescuers
Adequate Ventilation
Communication Equipment
Monitoring Air Quality
Oxygen Self Rescuers
Rescue Procedures
Self Contained Breathing Apparatus
Blast Design
                                       AS 2294.1 Earth-moving machinery -
Protective Canopy                      Protective structures - General
Remove Person
Scaling Down
                                       AS 2294.1 Earth-moving machinery -
Protective Canopy                      Protective structures - General
Remove Person
Conformity With Mining Plan
Mining Plan
Geotechnical Study To Incorporate
Strata Below Seam & Stab
Protective Canopy
Removal Of Person From Hazardous
Area
                                         AS 2294.1 Earth-moving machinery -
Protective Canopy                        Protective structures - General
Remove Person
Restrictive Zones For Equipment
Conformity With Mining Plan
Convergence Monitoring For Instability
Geotechnical Study To Determine Pillar
Design
Machine Alignment Control
Catchrill
                                         AS 2294.1 Earth-moving machinery -
Protective Canopy                        Protective structures - General

Remove Person From Hazardous Area
Surface Drainage

Catchrill
Conformity With Mining Plan
Geotechnical Study
Long Term Planning
Monitoring For Subsidence
Catchrill
Presplitting
                                         AS 2294.1 Earth-moving machinery -
Protective Canopy                        Protective structures - General
Provision Of Protective Bench

Remove Person From Hazardous Area
Scaling Down
Catchrill
Protective Canopy
Surface Drainage

                                                                              Go to top of page
Go to top of page
                             MOBILE EQUIPMENT (surface)
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Maintenance Of Equipment   Operation of Equipment


Sub Activity               Hazard                          Mechanism
Maintenance Of Equipment   Injury To Person From Tyre      Fitting And Refitting Tyres
                           Blowout




Maintenance of Equipment   Injury to person from           Cracks in equipment
                           component failure




Maintenance of Equipment   Person Injured by collapse of   Inadequate support of
                           supported component             component Part
                         Contact With Hazardous
Operation of Equipment   Material
Operation of Equipment   Electrocution                  Contact With Underground
                                                        Cables



                                                        Contact With And Damage To
                                                        Trailing Cable




Operation of Equipment   Injury Sustained Within        Equipment Induced Factors
                         Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Injury To Person Falling Off   Falling From Lift Box
                         Mobile Equipment

                                                        Horseplay


                                                        Inappropriate Access/Alighting
                                                        Facility




                                                        Slippery Surface On Mobile
                                                        Equipment
                                                      Slippery Surface On Mobile
                                                      Equipment


Operation of Equipment   Injury To Person Falling Off Lack Of Personal Restraining
                         Mobile Equipment Component Devices




                                                      Lack Of Restraining
                                                      Guards/Sides
                                                      Non Use Of Seating




Operation of Equipment   Injury To Person From Tyre   Contact With High Voltage
                         Blowout




Operation of Equipment   Injury To Person From Tyre   Contact With Hot Ground
                         Blowout




                         Injury To Person From Tyre
Operation of Equipment   Blowout                       Lightning Strike
Operation of Equipment   Loss Of Control During Towing Reduced Traction
                         Of Equipment
Operation of Equipment   Loss Of Control During Towing Reduced Traction
                         Of Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Loss Of Control During Towing Severance Of Towing
                         Of Equipment                  Connection




Operation of Equipment   Mobile Equipment Moving Into Equipment Inundation
                         Liquid




Operation of Equipment   Operator Contact With Outside Uncontrolled Operator
                         Environment                   Movement




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Fires On    Flammable Material Contact
                         Mobile Equipment              With Ignition Source
Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Fires On   Flammable Material Contact
                         Mobile Equipment             With Ignition Source




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Fires On   Outbreak Of Fire When
                         Mobile Equipment             Refuelling




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile     Brake Failure
                         Equipment Rollover




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile     Changed Road Conditions
                         Equipment Rollover




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile     Cross Grade Movement On
                         Equipment Rollover           Steep Grade




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile     Crushed Operator Cabin
                         Equipment Rollover
Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Crushed Operator Cabin
                         Equipment Rollover




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Environmental Factors (Road
                         Equipment Rollover         Visibility, Sun, Lights)




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Excessive Speed For Conditions
                         Equipment Rollover

Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Fitness For Duty
                         Equipment Rollover

Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Improper Tyre Inflation
                         Equipment Rollover         Pressures

Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Mobile Equipment Being Moved
                         Equipment Rollover         In An Unstable Condition (Eg
                                                    Truck Body In Raised Position)




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Mobile Equipment Movement
                         Equipment Rollover         On Unstable Ground




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile   Steering Failure
                         Equipment Rollover
Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile       Tyre Blowout
                         Equipment Rollover




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile       Unrestrained Object
                         Equipment Rollover

Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile       Unrestrained Person Movement
                         Equipment Rollover

Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile       Unstable Crest Edge
                         Equipment Rollover




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile       Unstable Dump Edge
                         Equipment Rollover




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile       Unstable Load On Mobile
                         Equipment Rollover             Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Mobile       Unstable Stock/ Spoil Pile
                         Equipment Rollover




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object       Component Part Of Mobile
                         Falling Off Mobile Equipment   Equipment Falling Off


Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object       Failure Of Lifting Or Securing
                         Falling Off Mobile Equipment   Equipment
Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object       Failure Of Lifting Or Securing
                         Falling Off Mobile Equipment   Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object       Incorrect loading procedures
                         Falling Off Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object       Insecure Load
                         Falling Off Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object       Unstable Load
                         Falling Off Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object       Volume Overload Of Mobile
                         Falling Off Mobile Equipment   Equipment


Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object      Crushed Operator Cabin
                         Falling Onto Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object      Flyrock
                         Falling Onto Mobile Equipment
                         Falling Onto Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object      Object Falling Onto Mobile
                         Falling Onto Mobile Equipment Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured By Object      Rockfall
                         Falling Onto Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured During           Bogged Equipment
                         Equipment Recovery




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured During           Equipment Falling Into Deep
                         Equipment Recovery              Excavation




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured During           Equipment Suspended On
                         Equipment Recovery              Bench




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured During           Inundated Equipment
                         Equipment Recovery




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured During           Overturned Equipment
                         Equipment Recovery




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile        Changed Road Conditions
                         Equipment Collision
Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Changed Road Conditions
                         Equipment Collision




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Contact Whilst Parked
                         Equipment Collision




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Excessive Speed
                         Equipment Collision


Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Inadequate Light
                         Equipment Collision




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Interaction Between Light
                         Equipment Collision        Mobile Equipment And Other
                                                    Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Interaction Between On Site
                         Equipment Collision        Service Mobile Equipment And
                                                    Other Mobile Equipment
Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Lack Of Adhesion
                         Equipment Collision




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Mobile Equipment Colliding With
                         Equipment Collision        Person




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Mobile Equipment Falling Into
                         Equipment Collision        Excavation




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Mobile Equipment Hitting
                         Equipment Collision        Overhead Powerline/Cable
                                                    Tower
                                                    Tower




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Mobile Equipment Movement In
                         Equipment Collision        Congested Area (Around And In
                                                    Tunnels, Buildings, Working
                                                    Faces And Other Areas




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Mobile Equipment/Component
                         Equipment Collision        Failure




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Narrow Roadway Width
                         Equipment Collision




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Overloading Extending Braking
                         Equipment Collision        Distance


Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Overwatering
                         Equipment Collision




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Restricted Vision From Within
                         Equipment Collision        Mobile Equipment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile   Restricted Vision Due To
                         Equipment Collision        Roadway Environment
Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile          Restricted Vision Due To
                         Equipment Collision               Roadway Environment




Operation of Equipment   Person Injured In Mobile          Reversing
                         Equipment Collision




                         Uncontrolled Movement potential
Operation of Equipment   for injury                        failure to follow procedure
& REFERENCES                                Go to Surface Menu


                                                     Go to
                                             Hierarchy of Controls

       Control                         References
       Maintenance procedure           Safety Alert 83
                                       Safety Alert 29
                                       Safety Bulletin 118
                                       Safety Alert 208
       Mobile Equipment design
       Mobile Equipment                Safety Alert 83
       maintenance                     Safety Alert 29
                                       Safety Alert 208
       Mobile Equipment
       manufacture
       Operator competence             Safety Alert 208
       Maintenance procedures
                                       Safety Alert 71
                                       Safety Bulletin 103
                                       Safety Alert 274
                                       'Safety Alert 282
                                       Safety Alert 211
                                       Safety Alert 287
       Competence                      Safety Alert 187
                                       AS/NZS 2538 Vehicle support
                                       stands
       Provision of propping devices Significant incident 27
                                       AS/NZS 2538 Vehicle support
                                       stands
       Job safety Analysis             Safety Alert 89
                                       AS/NZS 2538 Vehicle support
                                       stands
       Mobile Equipment                Significant incident 63
       maintenance                     AS/NZS 2538 Vehicle support
                                       stands
       Risk assessment                 Safety Alert 187
                                       AS/NZS 2538 Vehicle support
                                       stands
       Maintenance Procedures          Significant incident 63
                                       AS/NZS 2538 Vehicle support
                                       stands
Procedures for transport of   Australian Dangerous Goods
hazardous materials           Code, 7th edition
Cabling plan
Digging permit
Operator competence
Traffic restriction
Cable handling procedures
Competence

Equipment moving procedures Safety Alert 37
Restricted traffic access
Warning signs
Design of seat belt
Equipment movement
procedure
Ergonomic designed control

Ergonomic designed seating

Ergonomically designed cabin
Machine access surface
standard                      Safety Alert 78
Mobile Equipment
maintenance                   Significant incident 46
Operator competence
Personnel prescribed
exposure
limits(Noise,Heat,Dust)
Provision of air conditioning
Reduced noise level
Use of seat belt
Competence
Lifting equipment design
Lifting procedure
Equipment movement
procedure
Operator competence
                              AS3868 Earth-moving
                              machinery - Design guide
Designed access systems       for access systems
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Maintenance procedure
Operating procedure

Provision of personal         AS 1891 Industrial fall-
restraining devices           arrest systems and devices

Use of personal restraining   AS 1891 Industrial fall-
devices                       arrest systems and devices
                              AS 1418 Cranes, hoists
Mobile Equipment design       and winches

Passenger loading restriction
Provision of seating for
passengers
Use of seating
Operator competence
Seat belts
Electric isolation procedures
Equipment movement
procedure                     Safety Alert 37
Height limitation
Isolation procedure
Mobile Equipment isolation
procedure
Mobile Equipment raised body
alarm
Operator competence           Safety Alert 37
Protective barrier
Warning sign
Cooling of hot area
Equipment movement
restriction
Operator competence
Site inspection
Mobile Equipment isolation
procedure
Operator competence
                              ISO 7464 Earth-moving
                              machinery - Method of test
                              for the measurement of
Prime mover towing capacity drawbar pull
Risk assessment of towing
operation
Towed equipment braking
system relative to weight
Towing procedures
Design of connection
equipment
Maintenance of connection
Operator competence
Provision of appropriate
connection
Provision of appropriate safety           Safety Alert 217
chain/rope
Risk assessment
Towing procedures

Use of appropriate connection
Use of appropriate safety
chain/rope
                                  AS 4177.4 Caravan and
                                  light trailer towing
                                  components - Safety chains
                                  up to 3500 kg capacity
Equipment movement
procedure
Equipment operating
procedure
Hazard warning sign
Mobile Equipment design
(enclosed brake)
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Physical barrier
Reversing procedure
Enclosed cabin
Ergonomic operator
compartment
Protective structure
Risk assessment
Seat belts

Engine cooling system
Fire resistant fluid
Fire suppression system           Significant incident 8
Fuel line layout and design
Heat shielding of hot
component
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance                    Significant incident 4
Mobile Equipment
manufacture
Oil line layout and design
Pre-start checks

Equipment access restriction
Operator competence
                               AS 1940 The storage and
                               handling of flammable and
Refuel station design          combustible liquids
Refuelling procedure
Mobile Equipment design        AS 2958.1 Earth-moving
                               machinery - Safety -
                               Wheeled machines -
                               Brakes

Mobile Equipment
maintenance                   Safety Alert 192
Mobile Equipment selection
Operator competence
Regular dynamic brake testing Safety Alert 192
                              AS 2958.1 Earth-moving
                              machinery - Safety -
                              Wheeled machines -
                              Brakes
Barriers
Operator competence
Road maintenance
Road width
Speed restriction
Warning sign
Operator competency
Restrict access to suitable
equipment
Restrict personal access
Tilt alarm
Mobile Equipment design
R.O.P.S                        AS 2294.1 Earth-moving
                               machinery - Protective
                               structures - General
                               Significant incident 3
Dust suppression (road
watering)
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operating procedure
Operator competence
Road design
Road maintenance
Road marker
Tinted windscreen
Warning sign
Operator competence
Speed restriction
Warning sign
Prohibition of drug, alcohol
use
Testing of workforce
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Equipment movement
procedure

Loading/unloading procedure    Significant incident 17
Mobile Equipment control
device
Mobile Equipment indicator
device
Operator competence            Significant incident 17
Warning barrier
Ground preparation             Significant incident 3
Operator competency
Restrict access to suitable
equipment                      Safety Alert 102

Restricted personnel access
Work site inspection
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence

Tyre maintenance procedure
Tyre selection
Mobile Equipment design
Operating procedure
Secure storage
Design of restraints
Effective communication
Use of seat belts
Barriers
Mobile Equipment
movement/procedure
Operator competency
Worksite inspection
Barrier
Dump procedure
Mobile Equipment
movement/procedure
Operator competency
Work site inspection
                               AS 2809 Road tank
                               vehicles for dangerous
Liquid equipment design        goods
Liquid tank baffles
Loading procedure
Loading restriction
Mobile Equipment selection
Operator competence
Mobile Equipment
movement/procedure
Operator competency

Restrict access to personnel
Stockpile management
Work site inspection

Maintenance of equipment       safety alert 216
Operator competence
Pre-operation checks           safety alert 67
Load restrictions (SWL's)
Loading procedures
Maintenance of lifting
equipment
Operator competence          significant incident 13
Provision of appropriate
equipment
Use of appropriate lifting
equipment
Load security
Loading procedure            safety alert 53
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Load stability

Load security
Loading procedure            significant incident 17
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Speed restriction            significant incident 17
Load stability               safety alert 57
Loading procedure
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence
Temporary stoppage of
equipment                    safety alert 57
Load indicators
Loading procedure
Loading restriction
Operator competence
F.O.P.S.                     safety alert 53
                             AS 2294.1 Earth-moving
                             machinery - Protective
                             structures - General
Mobile Equipment design      safety alert 53
Barricades
Blast design
Blast procedure
Defined hazardous area
Restrict access to Hazard
areas
Warning signs
Barriers
Defined hazardous area
Mobile Equipment movement
procedure
Warning signs
Work procedure
Barriers to hazardous area
Defined equipment movement
area
Mine design
Operator competence
Warning signs
Competence
Provision of recovery
equipment
Restriction of personnel
access
Risk Assessment
Competence
Provision of recovery
equipment
Restriction of personnel
access
Risk Assessment
Competence
Provision of recovery
equipment
Restriction of personnel
access
Risk Assessment
Competence
Provision of recovery
equipment
Restriction of personnel
access
Risk Assessment
Competence
Provision of recovery
equipment
Restriction of personnel
access
Risk Assessment
Competence                 safety bulletin 34
Operating restriction
Road design
Road maintenance
Road separation
Warning sign
Competence
Designated parking area
Direction sign
Parking procedure (parallel
parking)                       safety bulletin 34
Competence
Provision of brakes
Speed restriction              safety bulletin 34
Warning sign
Competence
Equipment movement
procedure
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Mobile Equipment proximity
device
Mobile Equipment warning
light
Reflective sign
Speed restriction
Surface lighting
Warning sign
Competence
Light vehicle movement
procedure                      safety alert 218
Mobile Equipment interaction
procedure                      safety alert 179
Mobile Equipment proximity     safety bulletin 34
warning device
Parallel parking
Use of warning system          safety alert 218
                               safety alert 179
Competence
Immobilisation of equipment
Mobile Equipment proximity
warning device                 safety alert 232
Parking
Parking procedures
Servicing procedure
Use of warning systems
Vehicle design
Warning sign
Competence
Equipment movement
procedure
Mobile equipment
maintenance
Road design                   Safety Bulletin 112
Road maintenance
Competence
Designated equipment route
Designated personnel route
Emergency stop
Equipment movement
procedure
Mobile Equipment design
(horn, lights, brakes)
Personnel movement
procedure
Personnel restricted access
Physical barriers
Speed restriction
Warning sign
Equipment design
Equipment movement
procedure
Equipment operating
procedure
Excavation warning sign
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator competence           safety alert 210
Reversing procedure
Risk assessment of
excavation
Safety berm                   safety alert 210
Tipping procedure
Cabling moved underground
Cabling re-routing
Competence
Equipment movement
procedure
External to equipment warning
device
Onboard proximity warning
device
Power line layout
Raising power line
Warning sign
Mobile Equipment interaction
procedure
Operator competence
Restriction of equipment
access
Use of equipment warning
system
Warning sign
Component testing
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Operator check                 safety alert 47
Operator competence
Periodic brake test            safety alert 47

Mobile Equipment separation
Optimum road width          safety alert 194
Speed restriction
Traffic control
Traffic route               safety alert 232
Competence
Load indicator
Mobile Equipment design
Weight restriction
Competence
Equipment selection
Road design
Road maintenance
Watering procedure
Competence
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance

Windscreen cleaning devices
Eliminating sign
Operating procedure
Reflective sign
Removal of vision obstacle
Road design
Road edge clearance
Warning sign                 safety alert 205
Competence
Mobile Equipment alarm       significant incident 38
Mobile Equipment design
Mobile Equipment
maintenance
Mobile Equipment proximity
device
Reversing procedure          significant incident 38



Procedures                   Safety Alert 279
                                                       Go to top of page
                                                     NON MOBILE EQUIPMENT, BINS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


                                                            Other equipment, bins,
Bins Reclaimed from below Conveyors
                                                            buildings



Sub Activity                Hazard                          Mechanism
Bins Reclaimed from below   Entrapment in Burning Machine Fire in buried/trapped mobile
                                                          machine.




Bins Reclaimed from below   Inrush of Fluidised material into Accumulation and release of
                            working area                      fluidised material




Bins Reclaimed from below   Unknown Void                    Person/mobile machine
                                                            breaks through crust , falls
                                                            into void




Conveyors                   Conveyor Fire                   Friction Heating




Conveyors                   Falling Tension Weight          Breakage Of Conveyor
                                                            Components
Conveyors   Injury To Person Caused By     Material Spillage
            Conveyor Spillage

Conveyors   Person Falling Onto Conveyor   Working On Or Near
                                           Conveyors




Conveyors   Person In Contact With         Uncontrolled Start Of
            Conveyor                       Conveyor




Conveyors   Person Struck By Or Caught By Contact With Conveyor
            Moving Conveyor




Conveyors   Person Struck By Or Caught By Conveyor Roll Back
            Moving Conveyor




Conveyors   Person Struck By Or Caught By Damaged Belt
            Moving Conveyor
Conveyors         Person Struck By Or Caught By Uncontrolled Start Of
                  Moving Conveyor               Conveyor




Other equipment   Falling From Heights          Adverse Environment Factors




Other equipment
                                                Failure Of Personal Safety
                  Falling From Heights          Equipment
Other equipment   Falling From Heights          Inadequate Assessment Of
                                                Working Area




Other equipment   Falling From Heights          Inadequate Design
                                                Construction Of Plant
Other equipment   Falling From Heights   Safety Equipment Being
                                         Wrongfully Used

Other equipment   Structure Failure      Corrosion




Other equipment   Structure Failure      Fatigue




Other equipment   Structure Failure      Inappropriate Modifications




Other equipment   Structure Failure      Misuse
Other equipment   Structure Failure      Overloading




Other equipment   Structure Failure      Vibration
BILE EQUIPMENT, BINS, BUILDINGS
ONTROLS & REFERENCES                                         Go to Surface Menu


                                                           Go to
                                                        Hierarchy of


             Control                            References
             Engine shutdown systems.
             Maintenance of fire
             suppression systems.
             Situation management plan
             Automatic fire suppression
             systems.
             Keep person out of range of
             hazard.
             Control water additions to
             susceptible material.

             Attention to stockpile drainage.
             Design to minimise inrush
             potential.

             Assess hazard.               AS 1755 Conveyors - Safety requirements
             Design of stockpile
             System to prevent
             person/machine passing near
             potential void.
             System to maintain awareness
             of the hazard
             System of monitor feeder
             Method to working stockpile
             operation.
             Competence
             Housekeeping
             Inspection
             Monitoring
             Preventive maintenance
             Risk assessment
             Conveyor component
             inspection
             Conveyor component
             maintenance
             Conveyor design
             Conveyor guarding
             Restricted access
Competence
Conveyor design
Conveyor loading
Competence
Conveyor guarding

Emergency shutdown devices
Isolation procedures

Provision of conveyor isolators
Risk assessment                 SA291: Fatality on a minesite

Work procedures                  AS 1755 Conveyors - Safety requirements
Competence
Conformity with positive
lockout design
Design of positive of lockout of
equipment
Fail safe design
Installation and maintenance of
pre-start alarms
Installation of positive lockout
mechanisms

Isolation of power source       AS 1755 Conveyors - Safety requirements
Pre-start procedures
Regular effective
communication
Risk assessment
Adequate access
Competence
Conveyor guards
Provision of emergency
shutdown devices
Risk assessment
Work procedures
Anti roll back device
Competency
Control conveyor load
Conveyor brake
Conveyor design

Conveyor maintenance            AS 1755 Conveyors - Safety requirements
Belt design
Belt inspection
Belt maintenance
Damaged belt detection
Restricted access
Competence
Conformity with positive
lockout design
Design for positive lockout of     AS 60204.1 Safety of machinery - Electrical
equipment                          equipment of machines
Fail safe control system
Guarding of conveyor
Installation and maintenance of    AS 60204.1 Safety of machinery - Electrical
pre-start alarms                   equipment of machines
Installation of positive lockout
equipment
Isolation procedures
                                AS 60204.1 Safety of machinery - Electrical
Positive isolation of equipment equipment of machines
Regular effective
communication
Restricted access
Risk assessment

Security of PLC control system
Assessment of environmental
conditions
Communication
Maintaining of environmental
conditions
Selection, use and
maintenance of personal
safety equipment to meet
Appropriate Use of Lift boxes
Competence
Design of appropriate
restraints
Person's ability to work at
heights
Risk assessment of work area
by competent person

Selection and use of personal
protective equipment
Selection and use of
scaffolding
Selection and use of working
platforms
Construct to risk assessment
design
Modifications to plant
Plant design preconstruction &
risk assessment
Audit for compliance of use
Competence in correct
procedure
Auditing                      significant incident 21
Construction                  significant incident 52
Design
Maintenance
Manufacturer
Material selection
Monitoring                    Safety Alert 284
Protective coatings
Design
Maintenance
Material selection
Monitoring
Authorisations
Current drawings
Design
                              safety alert 177
Risk assessment
Specifications
Use for design purpose        safety bulletin 28
Condition monitoring
Design
Housekeeping
Load markings
Use for specifications
Design                        significant incident 65

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                              STOCKPILE, HANDLING, DUMP, RECLAIM
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Feeders/Reclaimers   Spoil piles                       Stockpiles


Sub Activity         Hazard                            Mechanism
Feeders/Reclaimers   Accumulation of gas/loss of       Person in/near hazardous area
                     oxygen


Feeders/Reclaimers   Entrapment                        Fire (in buried/trapped machine)




Feeders/Reclaimers   Entrapment                        Flooding, slumping, fire,
                                                       explosion, structural failure




Feeders/Reclaimers   Excess respirable dust            Person in/near hazardous area




Feeders/Reclaimers   Person falling/tripping contact   Accumulation of material/spillage
                     with in- motion machinery
Feeders/Reclaimers
                     Person falling/tripping contact
                     with in- motion machinery         Inadequate guarding
Feeders/Reclaimers
                     Person falling/tripping contact
                     with in- motion machinery         Incorrect work methods
Feeders/Reclaimers   Tunnel Explosion                  Person in/near tunnel




Feeders/Reclaimers   Tunnel Fire                       Person in/near tunnel
Feeders/Reclaimers   Tunnel Fire                     Person in/near tunnel




Spoil piles          Entrapment in Burning Machine Fire in buried/trapped mobile
                                                   machine.




Spoil piles          Falling/Rolling Object          Person struck by falling/rolling
                                                     object

Spoil piles          Inrush of Fluidised material into Accumulation and release of
                     working area                      fluidised material




Spoil piles          Person/Machine engulfed in      Slumping of material
                     material

Stockpiles           Person/Machine engulfed in      Uncontrolled release of mud in
                     material                        spoil




Stockpiles           Stockpile self-heating          Person/machine breaks through
                                                     surface crust in heated spoil




Stockpiles           Unknown Void                    Person/mobile machine breaks
                                                     through crust , falls into void
Stockpiles                Unknown Void                 Person/mobile machine breaks
                                                       through crust , falls into void




Tailings Dams/Mud Dumps   Person/Machine engulfed in   Person/machine breaks through
                          material                     crust, sinks into liquefied material

Tailings Dams/Mud Dumps   Person/Machine engulfed in   Uncontrolled release of liquefied
                          material                     material.
LING, DUMP, RECLAIM
ONTROLS & REFERENCES                                Go to Surface Menu



              Tailings Dams/Mud Dumps                         Go to
                                                      Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                           References
              Use artificial atmosphere
              equipment
              Ventilate to the appropriate
              standard
              Automatic engine shutdown
              system.
              Automatic fire suppression
              system.
              Maintenance of fire
              suppression systems.
              Situation management plan
              Alternative access
              Control drainage.
              Control explosion potential
              Control fire potential
              Design of structure
              Maintenance of structure
              Protection of structure
              Assess hazard - reduce
              exposure
              Suppress dust to standards
              set elsewhere
              Maintain adequate lighting
              Maintain clear work area


              Provide barriers


              Hazard assessment
              Periodically assess the gas
              and dust explosion potential of
              the situation
              Provide ventilation appropriate
              to the situation
              Restrict access
              Equipment condition
              monitoring.
Escape routes and evacuation
plan.
Heat detection/fire warning
systems.

Maintenance of heat detection
fire warning system.
Restrict access
Automatic fire suppression
systems.
Engine shutdown systems.
Maintenance of fire
suppression systems.
Situation management plan
Assess hazard
Keep person/machine clear of
hazard area
Assess hazard.

Attention to stockpile drainage.
Control water additions to
susceptible material.
Design to minimise inrush
potential.
Keep person out of range of
hazard.
Assess hazard
Keep person clear of hazard
area
Assess hazard.
Control location and size of
mud dump.
Keep persons clear of hazard
area.
Maintain awareness of the
potential hazard.
Assess hazard, predict
potential heated areas
Isolate heated areas
Method for working heated
material

Monitor potential heated areas
Design of stockpile
Method of working stockpile
System to maintain awareness
of the hazard
System to monitor feeder
operation.
System to prevent
person/machine passing near
potential void.
Keep person/machine out of
range
Risk assessment
Attention to drainage.
Licensed dams
Risk assessment.
Store liquid/liquefiable
materials in a suitable
containment.

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                                             SUMPS, DRAINAGE (surface)
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

Entering Excavation Obscured by
Water or Mud


Hazard                            Mechanism
Entering Excavation Obscured By   Boats Overturning/Sinking
Water Or Mud



Entering Excavation Obscured By   Breaking Through Crust
Water Or Mud

Entering Excavation Obscured By   Material Slipping Into Sump
Water Or Mud


Entering Excavation Obscured By   Person Slipping In Muddy Conditions
Water Or Mud



Entering Excavation Obscured By   Pontoon Sinking/Overturning
Water Or Mud
MPS, DRAINAGE (surface)
MS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                     Go to Surface Menu


                                                                    Go to
                                                            Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                          References
              Competency
              Restrict Operations
              Selection Of Boat
              Wearing Of Safety Gear
              Mark Excavation Limits
              Restrict Access
              Sump Design
              Inspections And Monitoring Of
              Conditions
              Mark Excavation Limits
              Restrict Access
              Competence
              Correct Footwear
              Properly Defined Procedures
              Restrict Access
              Design Of Pontoon
              Regular Inspections
              Regular Maintenance
              Wearing Of Personal Protective
              Equipment

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                                                                   STOCKPILES
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

                                      Inrush Of Fluidised Material Into
Entrapment In Burning Machine
                                      Working Area

Stockpile Self-Heating                Unknown Void


Hazard                                Mechanism
Entrapment In Burning Machine         Fire In Buried/Trapped Mobile Machine




Inrush Of Fluidised Material Into     Accumulation And Release Of Fluidised
Working Area                          Material




Person Struck By Falling/Rolling      Falling Material In Bin Or Hopper
Object




Person Struck By Falling/Rolling
Object                                Person Near Stockpile
Person Struck By Falling/Rolling      Person On Ground During Load/Unload
Object                                Operations

Person/Machine Engulfed In Material   Slumping Of Stockpile Edge Results In A
                                      Flow Of Material




Stockpile Self-Heating                Person/Machine Breaks Through Surface
                                      Crust In Heated Stockpile Area




Unknown Void                          Person/Mobile Machine Breaks Through
                                      Crust, Falls Into Void
Unknown Void                        Person/Mobile Machine Breaks Through
                                    Crust, Falls Into Void




Vehicle/Mobile Equipment Rollover   Inappropriate Retrieval Of Immobilised
                                    Machine

Vehicle/Mobile Equipment Rollover   Material Hangs Up In Body


Vehicle/Mobile Equipment Rollover   Mobile Machine Overturns To The Side




Vehicle/Mobile Equipment Rollover   Outside Wheels Sink In Soft Stockpile
                                    Edge

Vehicle/Mobile Equipment Rollover   Stockpile Edge Gives Way, Machine
                                    Overturns Backwards




Vehicle/Mobile Equipment Rollover   Vehicle Driven Over An Edge
   STOCKPILES
, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                               Go to Surface Menu


              Person Struck By Falling/Rolling          Person/Machine Engulfed In
              Object                                    Material

                                                                         Go to
              Vehicle/Mobile Equipment Rollover
                                                                 Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                                   References
              Automatic Fire Suppression Systems
              Engine Shutdown Systems
              Maintenance Of Fire Suppression
              Systems
              Situation Management Plan
              Assess Hazard
              Attention To Stockpile Drainage
              Control Water Additions To Susceptible
              Material
              Design To Minimise Inrush Potential

              Keep Person Out Of Range Of Hazard
              Clean Down Hung-Up Material Before
              Entry
              Control Access By Persons To
              Hazardous Areas
              Isolate Sources Of Uncontrolled
              Operation
              Minimise The Need To Enter Bin

              Keep Person Out Of Range
              Assess Hazard
              Control Pedestrians Around Operating
              Machines
              Assess Hazard
              Control Drainage
              Control Water Additions To Susceptible
              Material
              Keep Person/Machine Out Of Range
              Method Of Working The Stockpile
              Assess Hazard, Predict Potential Heated
              Areas
              Isolate Heated Areas
              Method For Working Heated Material
              Monitoring Potential Heated Areas
              Design Of Stockpile
Method Of Working The Stockpile
System To Maintain Awareness Of The
Hazard
System To Monitor Feeder Operation
System To Prevent Person/Machine
Passing Near Potential Void
Risk Assessment (Refer 12.3)
Sound Retrieval Techniques (Refer
12.3)
Equipment Design
Equipment Selection
Remove Build Up
Design Of Stockpile
Direction Of Machine Movement
Risk Assessment
Side Slope Suitable To The Machine
Surface Compaction Standards
Maintain Concave Profile In Cross
Section Rather Than Convex
Method Of Working The Stockpile
Design Of Stockpile
Dump Short, Push Over Edge
Provision Of Protective Berm
Risk Assessment
Slow Speed Backup
Stability Of Stockpile Edge
Suitability Of Machine
Arrange Lighting To Avoid Shadows
Control Direction Of Access And
Machine Working
Identify And Isolate Hazardous Edges   significant incident 42
Method Of Working To Minimise
Hazardous Edges                        significant incident 42

                                                                 Go to top of page
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                                                          TRENCHING
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Working in and around Trenches


Hazard                           Mechanism
Working In And Around Trenches   Contact With Underground Services




Working In And Around Trenches   Falling Into Trench
Working In And Around Trenches   Flooding Of Trench




Working In And Around Trenches   Toxic Atmosphere




Working In And Around Trenches   Trench Wall Failure
    TRENCHING
, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                  Go to Surface Menu


                                                                           Go to
                                                                   Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                            References
              Adherence to digging procedure     Dial before you dig
              Digging procedure
              Permit to dig
              Up to date site plan
              Barriers                           Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (WHS Act 2011).
              Design
              Evacuation procedure
              Excavation/ramping system
              Strata control
              Confined space procedures
              Excavation procedure
              Monitoring
              Provision of Breathing Apparatus
              Competence
              Design                             Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (WHS Act 2011).
              Risk assessment
              Shoring                            Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (WHS Act 2011).
              Strata control                     Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (WHS Act 2011).
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                                                     TAILINGS DAMS, DUMPS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Person / Machine Engulfed by
Material

Hazard                                Mechanism
Person/Machine Engulfed In Material   Person/Machine Breaks Through
                                      Crust, Sinks Into Liquefied Material
Person/Machine Engulfed In Material   Uncontrolled Release Of Liquefied
                                      Material
NGS DAMS, DUMPS
ANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                               Go to Surface Menu


                                                            Go to
                                                    Hierarchy of Controls

        Control                                   References
        Keep Person/Machine Out Of Range
        Risk Assessment
        Attention To Drainage
        Licensed Dams
        Risk Assessment
        Store Liquid/Liquefiable Materials In A
        Suitable Containment

                                                                             Go to top of page
                                   BLIND SHAFT, RAISE BORING HAZARDS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Equipment
                          Equipment Operation          Lining Operations
Establishment


Sub Activity              Hazard                       Mechanism
Equipment Establishment   Surface Equipment Failures   Collapse Of Equipment During
                          And Problems                 Erection/ Dismantling




Equipment Establishment   Surface Equipment Failures   Mobile Equipment Mishaps
                          And Problems




Equipment Operation       Contact With High Pressure   Blowout Of Hydraulic System
                                                       Elements




Equipment Operation       Crushing And Contusion       Dropping Of Equipment Parts
                                                       Or Liner Sections




Equipment Operation       Crushing And Contusion       Entanglement With Rotating
                                                       Parts




Equipment Operation       Crushing, Contusion And      Bridging And Subsequent Bulk
                          Suffocation Of Underground   Release And Fall Of Plugs Of
                          Personnel                    Down Borehole, Flushing Into
                                                       Adjacent Bore Bottom Area
Equipment Operation   Crushing, Contusion And        Bridging And Subsequent Bulk
                      Suffocation Of Underground     Release And Fall Of Plugs Of
                      Personnel                      Down Borehole, Flushing Into
                                                     Adjacent Bore Bottom Area




Equipment Operation   Crushing, Contusion And        Falling Debris Flushes
                      Suffocation Of Underground     Irrespirable Atmosphere Into
                      Personnel                      Bore Bottom And Adjacent
                                                     Areas




Equipment Operation   Crushing, Contusion And        Weathering Debris Falls Down
                      Suffocation Of Underground     Bore From Unlined Surfaces
                      Personnel                      After Completion Of Bore

Equipment Operation   Electrocution                  Contact With Live Parts




Equipment Operation   Electrocution                  Indirect Contact

Equipment Operation   Electrocution                  Lighting Strike On Boring Plant


Equipment Operation   Eye Injury From Grit And       Grit And Or Water Spray From
                      Water                          Equipment




Equipment Operation   Fire On Equipment              Electrical Fault




Equipment Operation   Fire On Equipment              Ignition Of Spilled/ Accumulated
                                                     Oil


Equipment Operation   Fire On Equipment              Ignition Of Waste Material
                                                     Accumulations

Equipment Operation   Gas Ignition During Drilling   Falling Debris Flushes
                                                     Flammable Gas Into Areas
                                                     Adjacent To Bore Bottom
                                                     Where Incendive Source Is
                                                     Present
Equipment Operation   Gas Ignition During Drilling    Falling Debris Flushes
                                                      Flammable Gas Into Areas
                                                      Adjacent To Bore Bottom
                                                      Where Incendive Source Is
                                                      Present


Equipment Operation   Gas Ignition During Drilling    Incendive Sparking At Cutter
                                                      Head In Presence Of Gas


Equipment Operation   Gas Ignition During Drilling    Sparks Dropped Down Bore
                                                      From Surface




Equipment Operation   General Injuries Due To         Skin Disorders
                      Environment




Equipment Operation   General Injuries Due To         Slipping And Tripping
                      Environment

Equipment Operation   General Injuries Due To         Strains And Sprains
                      Environment

Equipment Operation   High Airborne Dust Levels       Production Of Dust During
                                                      Cutting




Equipment Operation   High Noise Levels               Equipment Noise Emission




Equipment Operation   Subsidence/ Collapse Of Drill   Collapse Of Bore Near Collar
                      Unit Into Bore                  Zone


Equipment Operation   Toxic Fumes                     Emission Of Engine Exhaust
                                                      Fumes




Equipment Operation   Toxic Fumes                     Emission Of Hydraulic Mists Or
                                                      Oxidation Products
Equipment Operation   Toxic Fumes                    Emission Of Hydraulic Mists Or
                                                     Oxidation Products




Lining Operations     Asphyxiation Of Personnel In   Oxygen Deficient Or
                      Bore                           Contaminated Atmosphere In
                                                     Bore Where Persons Work

Lining Operations     Injuries From Explosion Of     Ignition Of Gas In Bore From
                      Gas In Bore                    Other Ignition Sources Dropped
                                                     E.g. Cigarettes, Burning Rags,
Lining Operations     Injuries From Explosion Of     Oil Etc. Of Gas In Bore As
                                                     Ignition
                      Gas In Bore                    Liner Sections Are Welded

Lining Operations     Injuries From Explosion Of     Ignition Of Gas In Bore From
                      Gas In Bore                    Other Ignition Sources Dropped
                                                     E.g. Cigarettes, Burning Rags,
                                                     Oil Etc.
Lining Operations     Injuries To Personnel From     Buckling And/Or Collapse Of
                      Liner Elements                 Liner During Assembly And/Or
Lining Operations     Injuries To Personnel From     Placement
                                                     Lifting Equipment Failures And
                      Liner Elements                 Mishaps


Lining Operations     Injuries To Underground        Fire In Bore Initiated By
                      Personnel From Fire, Smoke     Dropping Other Burning
                                                     Material Into It

Lining Operations     Injuries To Underground        Fire In Bore Initiated By Liner
                      Personnel From Fire, Smoke     Welding With Fumes/Fire
                                                     Carried Into Associated
                                                     Workings
Lining Operations     Personnel Falls                Conveyance Mishap In Bore




Lining Operations     Personnel Falls                Falling Into Open Bore




Lining Operations     Personnel Falls                Falling Off Equipment

Lining Operations     Personnel Falls                Slipping Or Tripping In Work
                                                     Areas
Lining Operations   Personnel Falls   Slipping Or Tripping In Work
                                      Areas
ISE BORING HAZARDS
CONTROLS & REFERENCES                             Go to Underground Menu


                                                              Go to
                                                      Hierarchy of Controls


             Control                            References
             Civil preparation of site
             Foundation and equipment
             design
             Proper assembly
             Equipment maintenance
             Equipment auditing
             Operator competence
             Operating procedure
             Operating procedure
             Utilisation of suitable machines
             Restriction of personnel to
             operate machines
             Suitable working surfaces
             Personnel competence
             Equipment maintenance
             Equipment auditing
             Design of equipment
             Maintenance of equipment
             Operating procedure
             Protective equipment if
             necessary
             Equipment maintenance
             Operating procedure
             Maintenance procedure
             Operator competence
             Equipment maintenance
             Operating procedure
             Operator competence
             Equipment design
             Equipment maintenance
             Operating procedure
             Maintenance procedure
             Correct clothing in good repair
             Guarding of dangerous parts
             Design of cutter/reaming head
             Maintenance of cutters
             Operating procedure
Restriction of personnel access
to bore bottom and adjacent
areas
Blockage clearance procedure
Design of cutter/reaming head
Maintenance of cutters
Operating procedure
Restriction of personnel access
to bore bottom and adjacent
areas
Blockage clearance procedure
Adequate ventilation of bore
bottom area
Restriction of personnel access
to bore bottom and adjacent
areas

Equipment design
Equipment maintenance
Maintenance procedure
Operating procedure
Equipment design
Equipment maintenance
Lightning protection
Operating procedure in
thunderstorms
Equipment design
Operating procedure
Equipment maintenance
Protective equipment if required

Electrical design
Electrical maintenance
Equipment housekeeping
Operating procedure
Equipment maintenance
Equipment housekeeping
Equipment design
Operating procedure
Equipment maintenance
Equipment housekeeping
Operating procedures
Ventilation or inertisation of
borehole
Adequate ventilation of bore
bottom, and adjacent areas
Operating procedure
Restriction of activities near bore
bottom
Ventilation or inertisation of
cutting face and borehole
Maintenance of cutter head
Design of equipment
Operating procedure
Welding/cutting procedure
Equipment design
Restrictions of personnel
Restriction of surface locations of
open flames
Ventilation of bore
Protective equipment
Cleansing of clothing
Adequate bathing facilities
Provision of medicinals
Materials selection
Chemical register
Housekeeping
Adequate lighting
Footwear selection
Operator fitness
Operating procedure
Manual handling arrangements
Equipment design
Cutter head maintenance
Dust suppression measures
Breathing protection if necessary

Equipment design
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if necessary

Exposure limitation
Geotechnical assessment
Bore design
Bore support
Collar design
Equipment design and location
Operating procedure
Maintenance procedure
Adequate ventilation of work area

Protective equipment if
necessary
Equipment design
Equipment maintenance
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation of work area

Protective equipment if
necessary
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Emergency egress
Communications
Adequate ventilation of bore
Restriction of smoking at collar
Housekeeping at collar
Adequate ventilation of bore
Welding/cutting/grinding
procedure
Limitation of flammable materials
at collar


Design of liner
Operating procedure
Design of equipment
Maintenance of equipment
Competence
Operating procedure
Restriction of smoking at collar
Housekeeping at collar
Limitation of flammable material
at collar
Limitation of flammable material
in bore
Cutting/welding/grinding
procedure
Design of conveyance
Maintenance
Operating procedure
Operator competence
Guarding of bore collar
Housekeeping
Adequate lighting
Operating procedure
Safety harnesses if necessary
Design of equipment
Guarding of walkways
Design of work area
Housekeeping of area and
surrounds
Adequate lighting
Operating procedure

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                                                             COAL PRODUCTION HAZAR
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

                                      Continuous Conveyors/FCT
Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face
                                      Operation

Free Steered Conveying Vehicles
(e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD,   Longwall Extraction
Scoops) Operation


Partial/Total Pillar Extraction       Scraper Operation


Sub Activity                          Hazard
Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face           Asphyxiation/ Poisoning




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face           Explosion Of Gas During Bolting




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face           Eye Injuries

Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face           Eye Injuries


Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face           Eye Injuries


Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face           Fire Associated With Bolting
                                      Activities




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face           Injuries From Crushing,
                                      Fractures Contusions
Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions
Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions
Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions


Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions
Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions

Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Crushing,
                              Fractures Contusions

Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face   Injuries From Strains And
                              Sprains
Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face          Injuries From Strains And
                                     Sprains




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face          Injuries From Strains And
                                     Sprains




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face          Lung Damage




Bolting of Roof/Rib at Face          Lung Damage




Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Explosion Of Gas Along Unit




Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Fire On Unit




Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Hearing Damage




Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion

Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion

Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion
Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion




Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion

Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion




Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion




Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Injuries From Crushing,
                                     Fractures Contusion

Continuous Conveyors/FCT Operation   Lung Damage




Continuous Miner and Roadheader      Asphyxiation / Poisoning
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader      Asphyxiation / Poisoning
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader      Burial of personnel
Operation in coal
Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Burial of personnel
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Drowning
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Explosion of gas at face
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Eye Injuries
Operation in coal
Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Fire at face
Operation in coal



Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Fire at face
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Fires in associated workings
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Hearing Damage
Operation in coal
Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Hearing Damage
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion

Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion
Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion

Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Operation in coal                 contusion




Continuous Miner and Roadheader   Injuries from entanglement in
Operation in coal                 Continuous Miner cutter head
Continuous Miner and Roadheader           Injuries from entanglement in
Operation in coal                         Continuous Miner cutter head




Continuous Miner and Roadheader           Lung Damage
Operation in coal




Continuous Miner and Roadheader           Lung Damage
Operation in coal




Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Cuts And Abrasions
Steel Sets)


Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Cuts And Abrasions
Steel Sets)


Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Eye Injuries
Steel Sets)
Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Crushing,
Steel Sets)                                Fracture, Contusions


Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Crushing,
Steel Sets)                                Fracture, Contusions




Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Crushing,
Steel Sets)                                Fracture, Contusions




Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Crushing,
Steel Sets)                                Fracture, Contusions
Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Crushing,
Steel Sets)                                Fracture, Contusions
Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Crushing,
Steel Sets)                                Fracture, Contusions
Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Crushing,
Steel Sets)                                Fracture, Contusions


Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Strains And
Steel Sets)                                Sprains




Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Injuries From Strains And
Steel Sets)                                Sprains




Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Lung Damage
Steel Sets)




Conventional Support at Face (E.g. Timber, Skin Disorders
Steel Sets)




Drill and blast production                Asphyxiation Poisoning




Drill and blast production                Asphyxiation Poisoning




Drill and blast production                Asphyxiation Poisoning




Drill and blast production                Burial Of Personnel
Drill and blast production   Burial Of Personnel


Drill and blast production   Drowning




Drill and blast production   Explosion Of Coal Dust At Face

Drill and blast production   Eye Injuries

Drill and blast production   Eye Injuries


Drill and blast production   Eye Injuries

Drill and blast production   Eye Injuries


Drill and blast production   Fire At Face




Drill and blast production   Fire At Face




Drill and blast production   Ignition Of Gas At Face




Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion
Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion




Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion


Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion




Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion

Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion


Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion

Drill and blast production   Injuries From Crushing,
                             Fractures Contusion


Drill and blast production   Injuries From Entanglement
                             With Drill, Scrapers Or Face
                             Conveyors
Drill and blast production   Injuries From Entanglement
                             With Drill, Scrapers Or Face
                             Conveyors
Drill and blast production   Injuries From Entanglement
                             With Drill, Scrapers Or Face
                             Conveyors
Drill and blast production   Lung Damage




Drill and blast production   Lung Damage
Drill and blast production               Lung Damage




Drill and blast production               Sprains And Strains




Drill and blast production               Unexpected Explosion




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Asphyxiation / Poisoning
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
Operation



Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Explosion of coal dust on
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     wheeling road
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Explosion of coal dust on
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     wheeling road
Operation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Eye Injuries
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
Operation
Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Fire on unit
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Fire on unit
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
Operation



Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Ignition of gas in wheeling roads
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     or shunts
Operation
Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Ignition of gas in wheeling roads
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     or shunts
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation
Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation
Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation
Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation
Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Injuries from crushing, fracture,
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)     contusion
Operation


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Lung Disease
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
Operation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g..   Lung Disease
Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
Operation




Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures


Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures

Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures


Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures

Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures

Longwall Extraction                      Asphyxiation/ Poisoning

Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures
Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures
Longwall Extraction                      Injuries From Crushing,
                                         Contusion, Fractures
Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures




Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures

Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures

Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures
Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures


Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures

Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures
Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                      Contusion, Fractures
Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Entanglement
                      With Operating Longwall
                      Equipment
Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Entanglement
                      With Operating Longwall
                      Equipment


Longwall Extraction   Injuries From Entanglement
                      With Operating Longwall
                      Equipment




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust
Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust
Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust




Longwall Extraction   Explosion/Fire In Goaf




Longwall Extraction   Explosion/Fire In Goaf




Longwall Extraction   Fire On Longwall Equipment




Longwall Extraction   Fire On Longwall Equipment




Longwall Extraction   Lung Injuries




Longwall Extraction   Lung Injuries
Longwall Extraction                   Lung Injuries




Longwall Extraction                   Eye Injuries

Longwall Extraction                   Asphyxiation/ Poisoning




Longwall Extraction                   Drowning




Longwall Extraction                   Drowning




Longwall Extraction                   Injuries To Surface Personnel
                                      Consequent To Subsidence


Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures


Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures
Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures
Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures


Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures

Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures
Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures
Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Injuries From Crushing,
Installation                          Contusion, Fractures




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust
Installation                          On Face
Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust
Installation                          On Face




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust
Installation                          On Face




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust
Installation                          On Face




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Fire/Explosion Related To Goaf
Installation




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Fire/Explosion Related To Goaf
Installation

Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Lung Injuries
Installation                          Lung Injuries
                                      Lung Injuries


Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Lung Injuries
Installation




Longwalls and Shortwall Removal and   Asphyxiation/ Poisoning
Installation




Mobile Cutter Operation               Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                                      Contusion
Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion

Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Cutter Operation   Asphyxiation/Poisoning




Mobile Cutter Operation   Asphyxiation/Poisoning




Mobile Cutter Operation   Burial Of Personnel




Mobile Cutter Operation   Drowning
Mobile Cutter Operation   Explosion Of Gas At Face




Mobile Cutter Operation   Eye Injuries

Mobile Cutter Operation   Fire At Face




Mobile Cutter Operation   Fire At Face




Mobile Cutter Operation   Fire At Face




Mobile Cutter Operation   Fires In Associated Workings




Mobile Cutter Operation   Hearing Damage




Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion
Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion

Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion

Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion


Mobile Cutter Operation   Injuries From Entanglement In
                          Contact With Cutter Boom




Mobile Cutter Operation   Lung Damage




Mobile Cutter Operation   Lung Damage




Mobile Loader Operation   Asphyxiation Poisoning




Mobile Loader Operation   Asphyxiation Poisoning




Mobile Loader Operation   Burial Of Personnel
Mobile Loader Operation   Burial Of Personnel




Mobile Loader Operation   Explosion Of Gas At Face




Mobile Loader Operation   Eye Injuries

Mobile Loader Operation   Fire At Face




Mobile Loader Operation   Fire At Face




Mobile Loader Operation   Fire At Face




Mobile Loader Operation   Fires In Associated Workings




Mobile Loader Operation   Hearing Damage




Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion
Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion
Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion

Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion

Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion

Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion




Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion
Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion

Mobile Loader Operation   Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                          Contusion
Mobile Loader Operation           Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                                  Contusion


Mobile Loader Operation           Injuries From Crushing, Fracture
                                  Contusion




Mobile Loader Operation           Injuries From Entanglement In
                                  Contact With Cutter Boom




Mobile Loader Operation           Lung Damage




Mobile Loader Operation           Lung Damage




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial
Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial


Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial

Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial


Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial
Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial


Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                                  Contusion, Fractures And Burial




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Explosion At Face




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Explosion At Face




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Explosion At Face
Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Explosion At Face




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Explosion At Face




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Explosion/Fire In Goaf




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Explosion/Fire In Goaf




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Asphyxiation/ Poisoning




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Drowning




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Drowning
Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Drowning




Partial/Total Pillar Extraction   Injuries To Surface Personnel
                                  Consequent To Subsidence


Scraper Operation                 Crushing, Fracturing, Contusion
                                  Injuries

Scraper Operation                 Crushing, Fracturing, Contusion
                                  Injuries




Scraper Operation                 Crushing, Fracturing, Contusion
                                  Injuries




Scraper Operation                 Crushing, Fracturing, Contusion
                                  Injuries




Scraper Operation                 Fires And Explosions




Scraper Operation                 Fires And Explosions




Scraper Operation                 Fires And Explosions


Scraper Operation                 Hearing Damage




Scraper Operation                 Lung Damage
Scraper Operation      Lung Damage




Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial


Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial




Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial




Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial




Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial
Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial


Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial


Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial

Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial
Shortwall Extraction   Injuries From Crushing,
                       Contusion, Burial




Shortwall Extraction   Explosion At Face
Shortwall Extraction   Explosion At Face




Shortwall Extraction   Explosion At Face




Shortwall Extraction   Explosion At Face




Shortwall Extraction   Explosion At Face




Shortwall Extraction   Explosion/Fire In Goaf




Shortwall Extraction   Explosion/Fire In Goaf
Shortwall Extraction   Asphyxiation/ Poisoning




Shortwall Extraction   Drowning




Shortwall Extraction   Drowning




Shortwall Extraction   Injuries To Surface Personnel
                       Consequent To Subsidence


Shortwall Extraction   General Injuries Incurred In
                       Shortwall Face Area
       COAL PRODUCTION HAZARDS
SMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

              Continuous Miner and                Conventional Support at Face (E.g.
              Roadheader Operation in coal        Timber, Steel Sets)


              Longwalls and Shortwall
                                                  Mobile Cutter Operation
              Removal and Installation


              Shortwall Extraction                                                       Hierarchy of Controls

              Mechanism                           Control
              Personnel Are Exposed To Fumes Adequate ventilation
              Produced From Pneumatic Bolter Lubricant selection
              Lubricant Mists                   Lubricator design/selection
                                                Equipment maintenance
                                                Fume auditing
                                                Allowable fume levels
              Bolters Cause Incendive Sparks In Adequate ventilation
              Presence Of Gas                   Allowable gas levels
                                                Gas monitoring/inspection
                                                Awareness of rock properties
                                                Wet drilling


                                                  Operating procedure
              Anchor Chemicals Spun Off Drill     Operating procedure
              Chuck Into Operators' Eyes          Eye protection where necessary
              Burst Air, Water Or Hydraulic       Operating procedure
              Hoses Throw Material Into           Unit/hose maintenance
              Operators' Eye                      Eye protection where necessary
              Drilling Cuttings, Wet Or Dry,      Operating procedure
              Thrown Into Operators Eyes          Unit design to minimise effect
                                                  Eye protection where necessary
              Incendive Sparks Ignite Layer Of    Prevention of gas layers
              Gas                                 Detection/monitoring of gas layers
                                                  Wet drilling
                                                  Operating procedure
                                                  Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                                  Use of fire equipment
              Falls Of Rib In Area Being Bolted   Operating procedure
                                                  Inspection of rib
                                                  Provision of temporary support if
                                                  necessary
Falls Of Rib In Area Being Bolted




                                   Operator competence
Falls Of Roof In Area Being Bolted Operating procedure
                                   Inspection of roof
                                   Provision of temporary support if
                                   necessary
                                   Operator competence
                                   Protective supports on mobile bolters
                                   or bolter equipped continuous miners

Falls Of Roof Or Rib Through        Operating procedure
Failure Of Bolts                    System design
                                    Bolt/anchor selection
                                    Monitoring/inspection of roof and ribs

                                   Operator competence
Personnel Entanglement In Bolting  Operating procedure
Equipment And Hosing               Operator competence
Personnel Fall From Elevating      Operating procedure
Bolting Masts Through Slips Or     Competence
Trips                              Design of bolters
                                   Footwear
                                   Guards and rails
Personnel Jammed Against Roof      Operating procedure
Or Rib By Unplanned Move Of        Operator competence
Mobile Bolter Or Bolter Equipped   Interlocking of machine functions to
Continuous Miner                   prevent concurrent functions
                                   Operator vigilance
Personnel Struck By Bolts Or Drill Operating procedure
Steels Mishandled By Operators     Operator competence
Personnel Struck By Falling Roof   Operating procedure
Plates, Straps Or Bars             Temporary support of elements while
                                   bolting takes place
                                   Operator competence
Personnel Struck By Loose          Selection of hoses
Whipping Hydraulic Or Pneumatic Maintenance of hoses
Hose Due To Hose Or Coupling       Prevention of hose damage
Failure                            Operating procedure
                                   Coupling locking devices
Personnel Struck By Loose          Operating procedure
Whipping Water Or Air Hose When Operator competence
Pressure Has Been Applied
Personnel Thrown Off Balance Due Operating procedure
To Torque Reaction Of Hand Held
Bolters
Personnel Thrown Off Balance Due Operator competence
To Torque Reaction Of Hand Held
Bolters
Improper Manual Handling Of        Proper manual handling
Bolters And Bolting Material       Operator competence
Improper Manual Handling Of
Bolters And Bolting Material
                                   Mechanisation of materials handling

                                    Operating procedure
Slipping And Tripping While Bolting Operator vigilance
Or Handling Bolters And Materials Operator competence
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Adequate lighting
                                    Clean up of area prior to bolting
                                    Bolting unit and area housekeeping
Personnel Breathe Air Laden With Adequate ventilation
Dust From Bolter Operation          Allowable dust levels
                                    Dust auditing (respirable)
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Dust suppression
                                    Breathing protection where necessary

Personnel Breathe Air Which Has Adequate ventilation
Been Dust Contaminated In Intake Ventilation system design
To The Bolting Area               Allowable dust levels
                                  Dust auditing (respirable)
                                  Limitations and controls on outbye
                                  activities
                                  Outbye dust suppression
Hot Spots Developed By Frictional Adequate ventilation
Rubbing Of System Components In Allowable gas levels
Presence Of Gas                   Gas monitoring/inspection
                                  Operating procedure
                                  Unit design
                                  Unit maintenance/inspection
Frictional Rubbing Of Unit        Operating procedure
Components Ignites Coal Dust/Oil Unit design
Accumulations                     Unit maintenance/inspection
                                  Unit housekeeping
                                  Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                  Use of same
Personnel Exposed To High Noise Allowable noise levels/doses
Levels And Doses From Unit        Noise auditing
Operation                         Unit design to minimise noise
                                  Hearing protection where necessary

                                   Limitation of exposure
Personnel Caught In Pinch Points   Operating procedure
Of Articulation Of Unit            Unit design
                                   Operator/personnel vigilance
Personnel Entangled In Conveyor    Operating procedure
Mechanism                          Unit design
                                   Operator/personnel vigilance
Personnel Jammed Between Unit      Operating procedure
And Rib
Personnel Jammed Between Unit
And Rib                          Unit design
                                 Operator/personnel vigilance
                                 Inspection/monitoring of rib
                                 Adequate lighting
                                 Operator competence
Personnel Struck By Falling Rib  Adequate rib support
Coal                             Inspection/monitoring of rib
                                 Operating procedure
Personnel Struck By Falling Unit Operating procedure
Following Failure Of             Unit design
Monorail/Monorail Supports       Monorail design
                                 Support design
                                 Unit maintenance
                                 Auditing of supports
                                 Operator/personnel vigilance
                                 Operator competence
Personnel Struck By Material     Operating procedure
Spilled From Unit                Unit design
                                 Unit maintenance
                                 Location of personnel
                                 Operator/personnel vigilance
Personnel Struck/Jammed By       Operating procedure
Roof/Rib Supports Dislodged By   Operator competence
Unit                             Correct installation of supports
Personnel Breathe Air Laden With Adequate ventilation
Dust Caused By Operation Of Unit Allowable dust levels
                                 Dust auditing (respirable)
                                 Unit design
                                 Dust suppression measures
                                 Breathing protection where required

Continuous Miner breaks into an      Knowledge of accumulation areas
accumulation of irrespirable and /   Operating procedure
or noxious gas which inundates       Adherence to plans
face and beyond                      Accurate surveying of all workings
                                     Recording of plans
                                     Knowledge of strata behaviour
                                     Barrier pillar provision
Outburst of gas from face            Knowledge of seam gas conditions
                                     Seam gas drainage
                                     Operating procedure
                                     Special protective devices and
                                     equipment
                                     Remote operation of Continuous
                                     Miner
                                     Adequate ventilation
Outburst of material from            Knowledge of outburst behaviour
Continuous Miner face                Operating procedure
Outburst of material from
Continuous Miner face
                                     Special protective devices
                                     Outburst control measures
                                     Remote operations of Continuous
                                     Miner
Continuous Miner encounters an       Knowledge of fluid accumulation
accumulation of fluid material which Operating procedure
inundates the face area and          Adherence to plans
beyond                               Accurate surveying of all workings and
                                     pertinent features
                                     Recording of same
                                     Knowledge of strata conditions and
                                     behaviour
                                     Barrier pillar provision
Continuous Miner picks strike        Adequate ventilation
incendive sparks in accumulation of Allowable gas levels
gas                                  Gas monitoring / inspections
                                     Operating procedure
                                     Awareness of rock properties
                                     Awareness of presence of metallic
                                     objects such as bolts in coalface and
                                     at roof level
                                     Continuous Miner shutdown
                                     interlocked with gas monitor
Continuous Miner or the face or      Eye protection where required
ribs throw coal particles            Operating procedure
Accumulation of coal dust and / or Continuous Miner housekeeping
oil ignited by frictional rubbing of Continuous Miner maintenance
CM components                        Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                     Use of fire fighting equipment
Ignition of gas layer by incendive   Prevention of gas layer formation
sparks from miner picks              Detection / monitoring of gas layer
                                     formation
                                     Continuous Miner shutdown
                                     interlocked with gas monitor
                                     Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                     Correct use of fire fighting equipment

Spontaneous combustion in coal        Knowledge of coal behaviour
accumulations from falls, rib spall   Operating procedure
or dumping                            Clean up of workings
                                      Clean up of combustible material
                                      other than coal
                                      Preparatory seals
                                      Inspections / monitoring of workings
                                      atmosphere
Personnel exposed to high noise       Allowable noise levels / doses
levels and doses                      Noise auditing
Personnel exposed to high noise
levels and doses
                                     Continuous Miner design to minimise
                                     noise production
                                     Hearing protection where necessary

                                     Limitation of exposure
Falls of roof at and near face       Adequate roof support
                                     Inspector / monitoring of roof
                                     Method of operation of Continuous
                                     Miner
                                     Adherence to plans
                                     Operator competence
                                     Protective canopy on Continuous
                                     Miner
Personnel jammed between             Operating procedure
Continuous Miner and Shuttle Car Operator vigilance
                                     Allowable personnel locations while
                                     Continuous Miner / Shuttle Car
                                     Allowable concurrent activities
                                     Adequate lighting on Shuttle Car
                                     Warning device on Shuttle Car
Personnel jammed between face        Operating procedure
and Continuous Miner                 Operator vigilance
                                     Operator competence
Personnel jammed between rib and Operating procedure
Continuous Miner                     Operator vigilance
                                     Allowable concurrent activities while
                                     Continuous Miner operates
                                     Operator competence
                                     Adequate lighting
                                     Adequate rib support
                                     Inspection / monitoring of rib
Personnel struck by coal spillage    Operating procedure
from Continuous Miner delivery       Location of personnel
boom
Personnel struck by dislodged roof Operating procedure
/ rib supports                       Operator competence
                                     Correct installation of supports
Personnel struck by falling rib coal Adequate rib support
                                     Inspection / monitoring of rib
                                     Operating procedure
                                     Protective canopies on Continuous
                                     Miner
Personnel struck or jammed by        Operating procedure
delivery boom of Continuous Miner Operator vigilance
                                     Allowable personnel locations
                                     Allowable concurrent activities while
                                     Continuous Miner operates
                                     Operator competence
Personnel caught in operating        Operating procedure
cutter head
Personnel caught in operating
cutter head                         Operator competence
                                    Operator vigilance
                                    Pre-start warning
                                    Deadman control for operation
Personnel breathe air laden with    Adequate ventilation
dust caused by Continuous Miner     Allowable dust levels
operation                           Operating procedure
                                    Breathing protection where required

                                   Dust auditing (respirable)
                                   Dust suppression on Continuous
                                   Miner
Personnel breathe air which has    Adequate ventilation
been contaminated with dust in the Ventilation system design
intakes to the face                Allowable dust levels
                                   Dust auditing (respirable)
                                   Limitations and controls on outbye
                                   activities
                                   Outbye dust suppression
Mishandling Of Materials           Operating procedure
                                   Operator competence

Mishandling Of Tools                Operating procedure
                                    Operator competence

Personnel Struck By Cuttings From   Operating procedure
Support Members Or Dust From        Eye protection where necessary
Roof Of Rib In Areas Being
Falls Or Ribs                       Operating procedure
Supported                           Inspection of rib
                                    Operator competence
                                    Adequacy of support placed
Falls Of Roof In Areas Being        Operating procedure
Supported                           Inspection of roof
                                    Provision of temporary support if
                                    necessary
                                    Operator competence
                                    Adequacy of support placed
Falls Of Roof Or Rib Through        Operating procedure
Failure Of Supports Placed          Support system design
                                    Operator competence
                                    Monitoring/inspection of roof and ribs

Personnel Caught Or Struck By       Operating procedure
Roof/Rib Support Members During     Operator competence
Manual Handling
Personnel Struck By Falling         Operating procedure
Support Members During Erection     Operator competence
Activities                          Methods of temporary support during
                                    placement
Personnel Struck By Tools         Operating procedure
Dropped Or Mishandled During      Operator competence
Support Erection Activities
Personnel Struck Or Jammed By     Operating procedure
Other Machines Whilst Erecting    Operator competence
Supports                          Adequate lighting
                                  Operator vigilance
Improper Manual Handling Of       Proper manual handling
Support Materials                 Operator competence
                                  Operating procedure
                                  Mechanisation or materials handling

Slipping And Tripping While       Operating procedure
Handling And Erecting Supports    Operator competence
                                  Operator vigilance
                                  Adequate lighting
                                  Clean up of area prior to support
                                  General area housekeeping
Personnel Breathe Air Which Has Adequate ventilation
Been Contaminated By Dust In      Ventilation system design
Intakes To Support Area           Dust auditing (respirable)
                                  Limitation and control of outbye
                                  activities
                                  Outbye dust suppression
                                  Allowable dust levels
Personnel Are Contaminated By     Operating procedure
Support Materials Being Used      Chemical register
                                  De-barking of timber
                                  Protective equipment where
                                  necessary
Blasting Breaks Into An           Barrier pillar provision
Accumulation Of Irrespirable      Knowledge of strata behaviour
And/Or Noxious Gas Which          Adherence to plans
Inundates Face And Beyond         Operating procedure
                                  Accurate surveying of workings
                                  Recording of plans
                                  Knowledge of accumulation areas
Outburst Of Gas From Face         Adequate ventilation
                                  Seam gas drainage procedure
                                  Knowledge of seam gas conditions
                                  Operating procedure
Personnel Breath Air Laden With   Allowable fume levels
Blasting Fumes                    See Use of explosives
                                  Fume auditing
                                  Adequate ventilation
                                  Operating procedure
                                  Protective equipment if required
Outburst Of Material From Working Knowledge of outburst behaviour
Face                              Outburst control measures
Outburst Of Material From Working
Face
                                   Operating procedure
Blasting Or Drilling Encounters    Barrier pillar provision
Accumulation Of Fluid Material     Operating procedure
Which Inundates Face And Beyond Recording all workings and pertinent
                                   features
                                   Knowledge of fluid accumulations
                                   Adherence to plans
                                   Accurate surveying of all workings and
                                   pertinent features
                                   Knowledge of strata conditions and
                                   behaviour
Mishap With Explosives Ignites     See Explosives Use Section for
Dust                               Controls When Using Explosives
Drill Jumbo Hydraulic Oil Blowout  Jumbo maintenance
                                   Eye protection where necessary
Dust From Blasting                 Eye protection where necessary
                                   Adequate ventilation
                                   Dust suppression after blasts
Dust From Drilling                 Eye protection where necessary
                                   Dust suppression on drills
Flying Material From Blasting      Personnel to take up safe locations
                                   during blasting
                                   Blasting procedure
Accumulations Of Coal Dust And     Limitation of surface temperature
Or Oil Ignited By High Surface     Jumbo maintenance
Temperatures On Drill Jumbo        Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Jumbo housekeeping
                                   Use of fire fighting equipment
Ignition Of Gas Layer By Incendive Operating procedure
Sparks From Drill                  Knowledge of strata conditions
                                   Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Detection/monitoring of layer
                                   formation
                                   Use of fire fighting equipment
                                   Prevention of gas layer formation
Drill Strikes Incendive Sparks In  Gas monitoring/inspection
Accumulation Of Gas                Awareness of location of other
                                   metallic objects in area being drilled

                                    Allowable gas levels
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Adequate ventilation
                                    Awareness of rock properties
Falls Of Roof At And Near Face      Inspection/monitoring or roof
While Drilling And/Or Charging      Adequate roof support
Occurs                              Operating procedure
                                    Operator vigilance
                                    Adherence to plans
Falls Of Rib Or Face Coal As       Adequate rib/face support
Drilling And/Or Charging Occurs    Operator vigilance
                                   Operating procedure
                                   Inspection/monitoring of ribs and face

Personnel Jammed Between Face Operating procedure
Or Rib By Unplanned Move Of Drill Adequate lighting
Jumbo                               Allowable personnel locations
                                    Operator competence
Personnel Jammed Or Run Over        Parking procedure
By Runaway Jumbo On Steep           Operator competence
Gradients                           Brake maintenance/testing
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Provision of parking brakes
Personnel Struck By Dislodged       Correct installation of supports
Roof/Rib Supports While             Operating procedure
Drilling/Charging                   Operator vigilance
Personnel Struck By Flying Scraper Operating procedure
Rope Or Hoe                         Rope and anchorage inspection and
                                    maintenance
                                    Allowable personnel locations
Personnel Stumble Or Slip While     Drill selection
Operating Drills Or Drop Them       Housekeeping at face
Onto Themselves                     Operating procedure
Personnel Struck By Flying Material Personnel to take safe locations
Propelled By Blasting               during blasting
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Blast design
Entanglement With Face Scraper Operating procedure
Conveyor                            Operator vigilance
                                    Adequate lighting
Entanglement With Scraper Or        Adequate lighting
Scraper Drive                       Operator vigilance
                                    Operating procedure
Loose Clothing Entangled In Drill   Operating procedure
                                    Drill design
                                    Clothing in good repair
Personnel Breath Air Laden With     Dust suppression after blasting
Dust From Blasting                  Dust auditing (respirable)
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Adequate ventilation
                                    Allowable dust levels
                                    Breathing protection where necessary

Personnel Breath Air Laden With    Dust suppression on drills
Dust From Drilling And Loading     Breathing protection where required
Personnel Breath Air Laden With
Dust From Drilling And Loading

                                     Dust suppression on other equipment

                                     Operating procedure
                                     Dust auditing (respirable)
                                     Adequate ventilation
                                     Allowable dust levels
Personnel Slip/Trip While Drilling   Operating procedure
Or Carrying Items                    Manual lifting procedure
                                     Work area housekeeping
                                     Adequate lighting
Contact With Misfired Explosive      Misfire reporting
(Either By Drill, Loader Or Scraper) Misfire procedure
                                     Operator vigilance
                                     Prohibition of butt drilling
                                     Inspection after blasting
Operation of unit cause toxic fumes Allowable fume levels
which are breathed by personnel      Fume auditing
                                     Adequate ventilation
                                     Operating procedure
                                     Unit maintenance / testing
Machine engulfed by material from
strata or other material during
clean up

Explosion at face ignites dust in    Adequate ventilation
wheeling road                        Allowable dust levels
                                     Inertisation of dust present
                                     Dust auditing for combustibles
Runaway unit enters collision        Operating procedure
causing dust to be thrown up and     Operator competence
causing arcs / sparks which ignite Brake provisions
dust                                 Brake maintenance / testing
                                     Inertisation of dust present
                                     Dust auditing for combustibles
Operation of the unit causes dust or Eye protection where necessary
particles to be thrown up and enter Operating procedure
eyes                                 Design of unit
Fire on cable reel due to too many Operating procedure
wraps                                Operator competence
                                     Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                     Use of fire fighting equipment
Material caught in brakes ignite     Operating procedure
coal dust / oil accumulation         Brake design
                                     Brake maintenance
                                     Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                     Use of fire fighting equipment
Fire on Shuttle Car cable reel due Operating procedure
to too many wraps, in presence of Operator competence
accumulation of gas
Fire on Shuttle Car cable reel due
to too many wraps, in presence of
accumulation of gas                   Adequate ventilation
                                      Gas monitoring / inspections
Falls of roof along wheeling roads Adequate roof support
on to Shuttle Car                     Inspection / monitoring of roof
                                      Operating procedure
                                      Canopy on Shuttle Car
Falls of roof, roof supports, rib due Adequate roof / rib support
to dislodgment by Shuttle Car         Adequate clearances for Shuttle Car

                                    Operating procedure
                                    Operator competence
                                    Canopy on Shuttle Car
Personnel jammed between Shuttle Operating procedure
Car and other equipment such as Operator and personnel competence
loaders, continuous miner, feeders,
etc.                                Operator and personnel vigilance
Personnel jammed between Shuttle Operating procedure
Car and rib                         Operator vigilance
                                    Personnel and operator competence

                                     Adequate lighting on Shuttle Car
                                     Warning alarm on Shuttle Car
Personnel jammed by Shuttle Car Operating procedure
sliding due to cross grades of floor Operator competence
                                     Personnel and operator vigilance
Personnel jammed or run down by Operating procedure
runaway Shuttle Car on steep         Operator competence
gradients                            Provision of adequate brakes
                                     Parking procedure
                                     Brake maintenance
                                     Brake testing
Personnel run down by Shuttle Car Operating procedure
                                     Adequate lighting on Shuttle Car
                                     Approach warning alarm
                                     Operator and personnel competence

                                      Operator and personnel vigilance
Personnel struck by lashing rope or Operating procedure
sling, broken while Shuttle Car       Operator competence
Personnel tow an object
attempts tostruck by objects          Operating procedure
propelled from Shuttle Car (typically Operator competence
roof supports being unloaded)         Personnel competence
                                      Operator and personnel vigilance
Personnel struck by tensioned         Operating procedure
trailing cable of Shuttle Car         Personnel competence
                                      Personnel vigilance
Personnel struck or jammed by         Operating procedure
objects towed by Shuttle Car          Operator competence
Personnel struck or jammed by
objects towed by Shuttle Car
                                      Personnel competence
                                      Personnel vigilance
Shuttle Car operator crushed          Adequate clearance for Shuttle Car
between Shuttle Car and roof (or      Operating procedure
strikes head on roof or rib supports) Operator competence
                                      Canopy on Shuttle Car
Personnel breathe air laden with      Adequate ventilation
dust caused by operation of unit      Allowable dust levels
                                      Dust auditing (respirable)
                                      Operating procedure
                                      Breathing protection where necessary

                                   Dust suppression on unit and
                                   wheeling roads
Personnel breathe air which has    Adequate ventilation
been contaminated with dust in the Ventilation system design
intakes to the wheeling roads      Allowable dust levels
                                   Dust auditing (respirable)
                                   Dust suppression on outbye activities

Personnel Struck By Coal Spalling   Operating procedure
From Face                           Provision of face sprags
                                    Design of roof supports
                                    Adequate support density
Personnel Struck By Rib Material    Operating procedure
Spalling From Gate Ribs In Front    Adequate rib support
Abutment Zone                       Inspection/monitoring of ribs
Personnel Struck By Falling Roof    Operating procedure
Material In Front Abutment Zones    Adequate roof support in gate roads
In Gates
                                  Inspection/monitoring of roof
Personnel Struck By Roof Material Operating procedure
Falling From Ahead Of Support     Support design
Cantilever Tips Along Faceline    Adequate support density
Personnel Struck By Roof Material Operating procedure
Falling Between Roof Supports     Support design
                                  Adequate support density
Personnel Struck By Goaf Material Operating procedure
Rilling Between Supports          Support design
Personnel Struck By Coal Thrown Operating procedure
Off Shearer Or Plough             Shearer and drum design
Personnel Struck By Coal Falling  Operating procedure
Off Stage Loader                  Stage loader design
Personnel Struck By Flying        Operating procedure
Haulage Chain                     Design of haulage chain
                                  Chain inspection/maintenance
                                  Avoidance of chain haulage systems if
                                  practical
Personnel Struck By Flying
Haulage Chain




                                     Tensioning arrangements
Personnel Struck By Lashing          Operating procedure
Hoses And/Or High Pressure           Design of hydraulic system
Hydraulic Fluid Through Hose Or      Hose and coupling selection
Coupling Failure
Personnel Jammed Between Face        Operating procedure
Supports As They Are Brought         Operator competence
Forward                              Adequate lighting
Personnel Jammed Between Other       Operating procedure
Elements Of Longwall Equipment       Operator competence
As They Are Advanced E.g.. Roof
Personnel Jammed Between             Operating procedure
And Supports While Packing
Cavities Above Support Canopies

Personnel Crushed By                 Operating procedure
Pantechnicon Units Which Fall Due    Adequate monorail support
To Failure Of Support Monorail       Monorail/pantechnicon design
System
Personnel Caught In Major Roof       Design of roof supports
Fall Due To Failure Of Roof          Knowledge of strata behaviour
Supports Struck By Unplanned
Personnel                            Design of roof supports
Movement Of Roof Support Which       Operating procedure
Fails
Personnel Fall On To Face            Operating procedure
Conveyor While Crossing It At Gate   Provision of bridges across conveyor
Ends
Personnel Area On Face Conveyor      Operating procedure
When It Starts Up (Also Applies To   Pre-start warning and delay
Stage Loader)                        Provision of lock-out control switches
                                     on conveyors
                                     Isolation procedure
Personnel Caught In Moving Parts     Operating procedure
Of Longwall Elements                 Pre-start warning and delay
                                     Guarding of moving parts wherever
                                     practicable
                                     Inspection/maintenance of equipment
                                     and guards
                                     Isolation procedure
Damage To Shearer Or Other           Adequate ventilation
Cables In Gas Accumulation           Allowable gas levels
                                     Gas monitoring/inspection
                                     Monitor interlock to power supply

                                     Operating procedure for cable
                                     handling
                                     Cable design and selection
                                     Cable protection - earth leakage
Shearer Or Plough Picks Strike       Adequate ventilation
Incendive Sparks From Strata Or      Allowable gas levels
Support Canopies In Presence Of      Gas monitoring/inspection
Gas
Shearer Or Plough Picks Strike
Incendive Sparks From Strata Or
Support Canopies In Presence Of
Gas                                 Interlocking of monitor and power
                                    supply
                                    Awareness of strata properties
                                    Awareness of proximity of support
                                    canopies
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Operator competence
High Gas Emissions From Broken      Pre-drainage of gas from coal
Coal Along Face And Belt System     Operating procedure
Leads To Explosive Atmospheres      Adequate ventilation
In Presence Of Ignition Source      Allowable gas levels
                                    Gas monitoring/inspection
                                    Equipment protection
Large Quantities Of Coal Dust       Dust suppression on shearer or
Produced And Deposited Along        plough
Face And Return Gate Provides       Dust suppression along face line
Fuel For Propagation Of Dust        Dust monitoring of combustibles
Explosion In Presence Of Ignition   Inertization of dust in return gate
Source                              Equipment protection
Accumulation Of Gas Ignited By      See Explosives Use Section for
Use Of Explosives To Break Up       Controls
Stone On Conveyors Or Free Roof
Supports
Gas Migrating From Goaf Builds UpAdequate ventilation
At Face/Goaf Edge Where An       Allowable gas levels
Ignition Source Occurs (Such As  Gas monitoring/inspections
Arcs, Incendive Sparks)          Design of ventilation system
                                 Provision of bleeders
                                 Design of extraction system
                                 Control of ignition sources
                                 Gas drainage techniques
                                 Equipment protection
Gas Enters Goaf In Large         Adequate ventilation
Quantities From Adjacent Seams   Allowable gas levels
Affected By The Goaf And Floods Gas monitoring/inspections
The Face Area And Ignites From A Design of ventilation system
Source                           Design of extraction system
                                 Gas drainage techniques
                                 Knowledge of goaf behaviour
                                 Knowledge of adjacent seam gas
                                 characteristics
                                 Equipment protection
Gas Enters Goaf In Large         Adequate ventilation
Quantities From Abandoned        Gas monitoring/inspections
Workings In Adjacent Seams       Design of extraction system
Affected By The Goaf And Floods Knowledge of workings in adjacent
The Face Area                    seams
                                 Knowledge of goaf behaviour
Gas Enters Goaf In Large
Quantities From Abandoned
Workings In Adjacent Seams
Affected By The Goaf And Floods
The Face Area

                                   Gas drainage techniques
                                   Equipment protection
Explosive Gas Or Gas/Dust          Adequate ventilation
Atmosphere Is Driven Over Face     Monitor tripped interlocks to isolate
Equipment And Ignition Source By electricity to face equipment
Wind Blast Associated With Goaf Design of extraction sequence
Fall                               Design of panel
                                   Provision of bleeders
                                   Gas drainage techniques
                                   Inertization of dust/gas
                                   Equipment protection
Spontaneous Combustion Of Coal Design of extraction panel
In Goaf Leads To Fire And/Or       Knowledge of coal behaviour
Ignition Of Gas                    Design of ventilation system
                                   Monitoring of goaf gases
                                   Provision of seals for rapid sealing of
                                   goaf
                                   Provision of inerting gases
                                   Operating procedure
Incendive Sparking During Goaf     Knowledge of rock properties
Falls Ignite Gas In Goaf           Knowledge of spark sources
                                   Design of ventilation system
                                   Provision of inerting gases
                                   Provision of seals for rapid sealing of
                                   goaf
                                   Monitoring of goaf gases
                                   Gas drainage techniques
                                   Operating procedure
Accumulations Of Coal Dust         Housekeeping
And/Or Oil Ignited By High         Maintenance of longwall equipment
Temperature Surfaces On Longwall Limitation of surface temperature
Equipment                          Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Use of fire fighting equipment
Accumulations Of Coal Dust         Housekeeping
And/Or Oil Ignited By Frictional   Maintenance of longwall equipment
Rubbing Of Longwall Components Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Use of fire fighting equipment
Personnel Breathe Air              Operating procedure
Contaminated By Dust From          Allowable dust levels
Shearer Or Plough Or Movement      Dust auditing (respirable)
Of Roof Supports                   Dust suppression methods
                                   Protective equipment if required
                                   Remote control
                                   Adequate ventilation
Personnel Breath Air Contaminated Outbye dust suppression methods
By Dust Entrained In Intake Airway Use of homotropal ventilation
                                   Adequate ventilation
                                   Allowable dust levels
Personnel Breath Air Contaminated
By Dust Entrained In Intake Airway



                                     Dust auditing (respirable)
Shearer, Plough, Crusher And/Or      Eye protection where required
Movement Of Supports Entrain         Operating procedure
Dust And Other Particles Into Air
Irrespirable And/Or Poisonous        Operating procedure
Gases Are Expelled Into Working      Monitoring of goaf gases
Areas By Wind Blasts Associated      Emergency procedure and equipment
With Goaf Falls
                                 Design of extraction system
                                 Design of ventilation system
                                 Gas drainage techniques
Goaf Development Extends To Tap Operating procedure
Accumulation Of Fluid Material   Design of extraction panels
Which Floods Goaf And Adjacent Knowledge of locations of
Workings (Accumulations Can Be accumulation of fluid materials
In Strata, Old Workings Or On    Knowledge of strata behaviour
Surface)                         Surface diversion works
                                 Adequate pumps
Goaf Cracking Extends To Surface Design of extraction panels
And Allows Ingress Of Floodwater Knowledge of strata behaviour
To Flood Workings                Surface diversion works
                                 Adequate pumps
                                 Knowledge of surface features
Extraction Of Coal Causes        Knowledge of strata behaviour
Damage Or Destruction Of Surface Design of extraction panels to limit
Constructions Due To Subsidence surface subsidence, tilts and strains

Personnel Struck By Falling Roof     Operating procedure
While Bolting Out For Installation   Temporary support if necessary
Or Recovery Of Face                  Design of powered roof supports
                                     Inspection/monitoring of roof
Personnel Struck By Falling Face     Operating procedure
Coal While Bolting Out For           Temporary support if necessary
Installation Or Recovery Of Face     Design of powered supports
                                     (face sprags?)
                                     Inspection/monitoring of face
Personnel Jammed Struck Or           Operating procedure
Entangled By Roof/Rib Bolting        Design of bolting equipment
Equipment
Personnel Entangled In Longwall      Operating procedure
Face Conveyor While Bolting Out      Face conveyor lockout procedure
Roof Or Face
Personnel Struck By Falls Of Roof   Adequate roof and rib support in
Or Rib While Installing Elements Of Operating procedure
Longwall/ Shortwall Equipment       Inspection/monitoring of roof and rib

Personnel Struck By Falling Roof     Adequate temporary roof support
As Powered Supports Are              Recovery operating procedure
Recovered                            Inspection/monitoring of roof
Personnel Jammed Between             Installation procedure
Elements Of Equipment Or
Between Elements And Face As
Elements Are Moved
Personnel Jammed Between
Elements Of Equipment Or              Recovery procedure
Between Elements And Face As
Elements Are Moved
                                      Allowable personnel locations
                                      Operator vigilance

                                      Communications

Personnel Jammed By Mobile      Operating procedure
Equipment Used To Move          Design of equipment
Longwall/ Shortwall Equipment   Operator competence
Elements                        Operator vigilance
                                Allowable personnel locations
                                Adequate lighting
                                Warning devices
                                Brake systems
                                Equipment testing/maintenance
                                Brake systems
Personnel Struck By Falling     Operating procedure
Elements Dropped Due To Failure Design of mobile equipment
Of Mobile Equipment Moving Them Operator competence
                                Testing/maintenance of mobile
                                equipment
Personnel Struck By Whipping    Operating procedure for winching
Ropes Of Winches Used To Move Design of winches, ropes and ancillary
Longwall/Shortwall Elements     items
                                Allowable personnel locations
                                Adequate lighting
                                Communications/signalling
Personnel Struck By Falling           Assembly procedure
Equipment Elements As They Are        Dismantling procedure
Assembled Or Dismantled
                                      Design of equipment
                                      Lifting procedure
                                      Support procedure
                                      Design of lifting/support equipment
Personnel Entangled With Face         Commissioning procedure
Conveyor/ Shearer During Face         Face lockout procedure
Commissioning                         Warning devices
                                      Operator competence
                                      Face communication/signalling
Personnel Struck By Lashing           Commissioning procedure
Hoses As They Are Pressurised         Equipment design
Personnel Struck By Objects           Design of system and components
Propelled By High Pressure
Hydraulic Fluid Or The Fluid Itself
Through Blow Outs Or Coupling
Failures
Metal/Metal Incendive Sparks          Adequate ventilation
Struck In Presence Of Gas As
Longwall Elements Are Moved
Metal/Metal Incendive Sparks
Struck In Presence Of Gas As       Allowable gas levels
Longwall Elements Are Moved        Gas monitoring/inspection
                                   Allowable metals for longwall
                                   elements, tools and other equipment
                                   in face area
Sudden Flashes Of Gas On To        Adequate ventilation
Face As Roof Supports Are          Allowable gas levels
Recovered And There Is An Ignition Gas monitoring/inspection
Source                             Roof support removal procedure

                                    Knowledge of goaf performance
                                    Gas drainage techniques
Return Airway Lost Or Restricted    Design of ventilation system
As Face Is Recovered Leading To     Procedure for face recovery
Build Up Of Gas In Presence Of      Allowable gas levels
Ignition Sources                    Gas monitoring/inspection
                                    Adjustment of ventilation



Spontaneous Combustion Of Coal      Design of extraction panel
In Goaf Occurs While Face Is        Ventilation design
Being Removed Causing Fire          Knowledge of coal behaviour
And/Or Ignition Of Gas In Goaf      Monitoring of goaf gases
                                    Operating procedure
                                    Provision of seal for rapid sealing of
                                    Provision of inerting gases
Gas In Goaf Ignited By Shotfiring   See Explosives Use Activity Section
To Free Ironbound Roof Supports     for controls when using explosives

Personnel Breathe Air               Adequate ventilation
Contaminated By Dust From           Dust suppression on bolters
Bolting Procedures As Face Is       Allowable dust levels
Prepared For Salvage                Dust auditing (respirable)
                                    Protective equipment if required
Personnel Breathe Air               Adequate ventilation
Contaminated By Dust Entrained      Allowable dust levels
By Mobile Equipment Moving          Dust auditing (respirable)
Longwall Elements Or The            Protective equipment if necessary
Movement Of The Elements            Dust suppression measures
Themselves
Irrespirable/Poisonous Gases        Adequate ventilation
Contaminate Face From Goaf As       Design of ventilation system
Natural Goaf Gas Or As A Result     Knowledge of goaf gases
Of Oxidation In Goaf                Gas monitoring/inspection
                                    Gas drainage/control arrangements

Falls Of Roof At And Near Face      Adequate roof support
                                    Inspection/monitoring of roof
                                    Method of operation of cutter
                                    Adherence to plans
Falls Of Roof At And Near Face




                                     Operator competence
                                     Protective canopy on cutter
Personnel Jammed Between Face        Operating procedure
And Cutter                           Operator vigilance
                                     Operator competence
Personnel Jammed Between Rib         Operator procedure
And Cutter                           Operator vigilance
                                     Allowable personnel locations
                                     Allowable concurrent activities while
                                     mobile cutter operates
                                     Adequate lighting
                                     Adequate rib support
                                     Inspection/monitoring of rib
                                     Operator competence
Personnel Struck Or Jammed By        Operating procedure
Cutter Boom                          Operator competence
                                     Operator vigilance
                                     Allowable personnel locations
                                     Allowable concurrent activities while
                                     mobile cutter operates
Cutter Breaks Into An Accumulation   Accurate surveying of all workings
Of Irrespirable And/Or Noxious Gas   Recording of plans
Which Inundates Face And Beyond      Operating procedure
                                     Barrier pillar provision
                                     Knowledge of strata behaviour
                                     Adherence to plans
                                     Knowledge of accumulation areas
Outburst Of Gas By Face              Knowledge of seam gas conditions
                                     Seam gas drainage
                                     Remote operation of cutter
                                     Operating procedure
                                     Adequate ventilation
                                     Special protective devices and
                                     equipment
Outburst Of Material From Face       Knowledge of outburst behaviour
While Cutting                        Operating procedure
                                     Special protective devices
                                     Outburst control measures
                                     Remote operation of cutter
Cutter Encounters An Accumulation    Knowledge of strata conditions and
Of Fluid Material Which Inundates    behaviour
The Face Area And Beyond             Accurate surveying of all workings and
                                     pertinent features
                                     Adherence to plans
                                     Operating procedure
                                     Recording of same
                                     Knowledge of fluid accumulation
                                     Barrier pillar provision
Cutter Picks Strike Incendive      Allowable gas levels
Sparks In Accumulation Of Gas      Adequate ventilation
                                   Gas monitoring/inspections
                                   Operating procedure
                                   Awareness of rock properties
                                   Awareness of presence of metallic
                                   objects such as bolts in coalface and
                                   at roof level
                                   Cutter shutdown interlocked with gas
                                   monitor
Cutter Or The Face Or Ribs Throw Eye protection where required
Coal Particles                     Operating procedure
Accumulations Of Coal Dust         Cutter housekeeping
And/Or Oil Ignited By Frictional   Cutter maintenance
Rubbing Of Cutter Components       Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Use of fire fighting equipment
Cutter Picks Strike Incendive      Knowledge of ground conditions
Sparks In Kerf, Ignite Gas Which   Pick maintenance
Sets Up Standing Flame And In      Operating procedure
Turn Ignites Coal Face             Fire fighting procedure for standing
                                   flames
                                   Adequate ventilation
Ignition Of Gas Layer By Incendive Detection/monitoring of gas layer
Sparks From Cutter Picks           formation
                                   Prevention of gas layer formation
                                   Cutter shutdown interlocked with gas
                                   monitor
                                   Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Correct use of fire fighting equipment

Spontaneous Combustion In Coal  Inspections/monitoring of workings
Accumulations From Falls, Rib   atmosphere
Spall Or Dumping                Operating procedure
                                Clean up of combustible material
                                other than coal
                                Clean up of workings
                                Knowledge of coal behaviour
                                Preparatory seals
Personnel Exposed To High Noise Allowable noise levels/doses
Levels And Cutter Doses From    Cutter design to minimise noise
Cutter Operation                production
                                Hearing protection where necessary

                                    Limitation of exposure
                                    Noise auditing
Face Collapses On Personnel         Operator procedure
While Being Cut                     Provision of temporary face support
Personnel Run Down Or Jammed       Operating procedure
By Runaway Cutter On Steep         Design of braking system
Grades                             Brake testing/maintenance
Personnel Struck By Dislodged      Operator competence
Roof/Rib Supports                  Operator procedure
                                   Correct installation of supports
Personnel Struck By Falling Rib    Operator procedure
Coal                               Adequate rib support
                                   Inspection/monitoring of rib
                                   Protective canopy on cutter
Personnel Caught In Operating      Operating procedure
Cutter Boom                        Operator competence
                                   Operating vigilance
                                   Pre-start warning
                                   Deadman control for cutter operation

Personnel Breathe Air Laden With   Adequate ventilation
Dust Caused By Operation Of        Operating procedure
Cutter                             Allowable dust levels
                                   Breathing protection where required

                                   Dust suppression on cutter
                                   Dust auditing (respirable)
Personnel Breathe Air Which Has    Outbye dust suppression
Been Contaminated With Dust In     Adequate ventilation
The Intakes To The Face            Ventilation system design
                                   Allowable dust levels
                                   Dust auditing (respirable)
                                   Limitations and controls on outbye
                                   activities
Loader Breaks Into An              Barrier pillar provision
Accumulation Of Irrespirable       Knowledge of strata behaviour
And/Or Noxious Gas Which           Adherence to plans
Inundates Face And Beyond          Operating procedure
                                   Accurate surveying of workings
                                   Recording of plans
                                   Knowledge of accumulation areas
Outburst Of Gas From Face          Adequate ventilation
                                   Seam gas drainage procedure
                                   Knowledge of seam gas conditions
                                   Operating procedure
                                   Remote operation of loader
                                   Special protective devices and
                                   equipment
Outburst Of Material From Face     Knowledge of outburst behaviour
                                   Outburst control measures
                                   Operating procedure
                                   Special protective devices
Outburst Of Material From Face




                                   Remote operation of loader
Loader Head Strikes Incendive      Allowable gas levels
Sparks In Accumulation Of Gas      Adequate ventilation
                                   Gas monitoring/inspections
                                   Operating procedure
                                   Awareness of rock properties
                                   Awareness of presence of metallic
                                   objects such as bolts in coalface and
                                   at roof level
                                   Loader shutdown interlocked with gas
                                   monitor
Loader Or The Face Or Ribs Throw Eye protection where required
Coal Particles                     Operating procedure
Accumulations Of Coal Dust         Loader housekeeping
And/Or Oil Ignited By Frictional   Loader maintenance
Rubbing Of Loader Components       Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Use of fire fighting equipment
Cutter Picks Strike Incendive      Knowledge of ground conditions
Sparks In Kerf, Ignite Gas Which   Pick maintenance
Sets Up Standing Flame And In      Operating procedure
Turn Ignites Coal Face             Fire fighting procedure for standing
                                   flames
                                   Adequate ventilation
Ignition Of Gas Layer By Incendive Detection/monitoring of gas layer
Sparks                             formation
                                   Prevention of gas layer formation
                                   Loader shutdown interlocked with gas
                                   monitor
                                   Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                   Correct use of fire fighting equipment

Spontaneous Combustion In Coal  Knowledge of coal behaviour
Accumulations From Falls, Rib   Operating procedure
Spall Or Dumping                Clean up of workings
                                Clean up of combustible material
                                other than coal
                                Preparatory seals
                                Inspections/monitoring of workings
                                atmosphere
Personnel Exposed To High Noise Noise auditing
Levels And Cutter Doses From    Allowable noise levels/doses
Loader Operation                Loader design to minimise noise
                                production
                                Hearing protection where necessary

                                   Limitation of exposure
Face Collapses While Loader Is     Operator procedure
Working                            Blasting procedure
Falls Of Roof At And Near Face     Adequate roof support
                                   Inspection/monitoring of roof
                                   Method of operation of cutter
                                   Adherence to plans
                                   Operator competence
                                   Protective canopy on loader
Personnel Caught In Articulation   Operating procedure
Areas Of Loader                    Design of loader
Personnel Caught In Operating      Operating procedure
Gathering Head, Conveyors Or
Bucket System
Personnel Caught In Operating      Operating competence
Gathering Head, Conveyors Or       Operating vigilance
Bucket System                      Pre-start warning
                                   Deadman control for loader operation

Personnel Jammed Between Face Operating procedure
And Loader                        Operator vigilance
                                  Operator competence
Personnel Jammed Between          Operating procedure
Loader And Shuttle Car            Operator vigilance
                                  Allowable concurrent activities
                                  Adequate lighting on shuttle car
                                  Warning device on shuttle car
Personnel Jammed Between Rib      Operator procedure
And Loader                        Operator vigilance
                                  Allowable personnel locations
                                  Allowable concurrent activities while
                                  mobile loader operates
                                  Adequate lighting
                                  Adequate rib support
                                  Inspection/monitoring of rib
                                  Operator competence
Personnel Run Down Or Jammed Operating procedure
By Runaway Loader On Steep        Design of braking system
Grades                            Brake testing/maintenance
Personnel Run Over By Loader      Operating procedure
                                  Operating competence
                                  Warning devices on loader
                                  Adequate lighting on loader
                                  Personnel vigilance
Personnel Struck By Coal Spillage Operating procedure
From Loader Delivery Boom Or      Location of personnel
Bucket
Personnel Struck By Dislodged     Operator competence
Roof/Rib Supports                 Operator procedure
                                  Correct installation of supports
Personnel Struck By Falling Rib   Operator procedure
Coal                              Adequate rib support
Personnel Struck By Falling Rib
Coal
                                   Inspection/monitoring of rib
                                   Protective canopies
Personnel Struck Or Jammed By      Operator competence
Delivery Boom Of Loader            Allowable personnel locations
                                   Operating procedure
                                   Operator vigilance
                                   Allowable concurrent activities while
                                   unit operates
Personnel Caught In Operating      Operating procedure
Cutter Boom                        Operator competence
                                   Operating vigilance
                                   Pre-start warning
                                   Deadman control for cutter operation

Personnel Breathe Air Laden With   Adequate ventilation
Dust Caused By Operation Of        Operating procedure
Loader                             Allowable dust levels
                                   Breathing protection where required

                                  Dust suppression on cutter
                                  Dust auditing (respirable)
Personnel Breathe Air Which Has Outbye dust suppression
Been Contaminated With Dust In    Adequate ventilation
The Intakes To The Face           Ventilation system design
                                  Allowable dust levels
                                  Dust auditing (respirable)
                                  Limitations and controls on outbye
                                  activities
Personnel Struck By Failed Rib As Operating procedure
Rib Heights Are Extended By       Adequate rib support
Taking Bottom Or Top Coal         Monitoring/inspection of ribs
                                  Location of personnel
                                  Protective structures on machines
                                  Remote control
Personnel Struck By Failed        Operating procedure
Rib/Face Material Loosened And    Adequate rib support
Freed By Pressure Bumps During Location of personnel
Pillar Extraction                 Monitoring/inspection of face/ribs
                                  Design of pillars
                                  Design of extraction sequence
                                  Protective structures on machines
                                  Remote control
Personnel Struck By Rib Material  Operating procedure
Loosened And Freed By Increasing Adequate rib support
Stress In Abutment Zones          Inspection/monitoring of rib
                                  Design of extraction sequence
                                  Design of pillars
                                  Location of personnel
Personnel Struck By Rib Material
Loosened And Freed By Increasing
Stress In Abutment Zones




                                     Remote operation
Personnel Jammed Against Rib By      Operating procedure
Equipment Moved By Pressure          Location of personnel
Bumps During Extraction (Or Floor    Design of extraction sequence
Heave)                               Design of pillars
                                     Remote operation
                                     Operator competence
Personnel Struck By Falling Face     Operating procedure
Coal Freed By Increased Pressures    Temporary face support
On Face During Extraction As Face    Design of pillars
Is Drilled And/Or Cut And/Or         Design of extraction sequence
Charged                              Supervision
Personnel Jammed Against Rib,        Operating procedure
Between Machines, Or Run Over        Operator competence
By Machines During Rapid Retreats    Location of personnel
Ahead Of Goaf Falls                  Adequate lighting
                                     Design of extraction sequence
                                     Supervision
Personnel Struck By Roof Spall In    Operating procedure
Roads In Abutment Zones During       Adequate roof support
Extraction                           Monitoring/inspection of roof
                                     Design of extraction sequence
                                     Knowledge of strata behaviour
                                     Protective structures on machines
Personnel Struck By Falling Goaf     Prohibition of personnel in
Material                             unsupported goaf areas
                                     Operator competence
                                     Supervision
Personnel Caught In Sudden Roof      Operating procedure
Fall While Extracting Lift           Design of extraction sequence
                                     Minimal lift exposure
                                     Minimum time to mine lift
                                     Lift dimensions
                                     Stook provisions
                                     Adherence to extraction sequence
                                     Adequate roof support
                                     Operator competence
                                     Supervision
                                     Protective structures on machines
Personnel Caught By Sudden Roof      Operating procedure
Fall When Remnant Pillar Fails       Design of extraction sequence
During Extraction                    Design of pillars
Personnel Caught In General          Operating procedure
Collapse Of Workings Due To          Design of extraction sequence
Sudden Progressive Pillar Failure    Design of pillars, barriers
(Creep) Triggered By Extraction      Design of panels
Personnel Caught In Roof Fall Due    Operating procedure
To Inability To Retreat As Path Is   Design of extraction sequence
Blocked By Other Equipment
Personnel Caught In Roof Fall Due
To Inability To Retreat As Path Is
Blocked By Other Equipment          Operator competence
                                    Supervision
Personnel Caught In Roof Fall       Operating procedure
Which Runs Beyond Lift              Design of extraction sequence
                                    Provision of adequate roof support
                                    Provision of breaker lines
                                    Adherence to sequence
                                    Adherence to procedure
                                    Operator competence
                                    Supervision
Personnel Caught By Roof Fall       Operating procedure
Caused By Inability Of Roof         Design of roof support
Support To Control Abutment         Knowledge of strata behaviour
Stresses                            Inspection/monitoring of roof in
                                    abutment zone
                                    Design of extraction sequence
Personnel Caught By Roof Fall       Operating procedure
Caused By Separation Of             Knowledge of strata conditions
Lenticular Partings (Feather Edges) Design of roof support system
In Roof From Goaf Edge              Design of extraction sequence
                                    Inspection/monitoring of roof
Personnel Struck By Material In     Operating procedure
And From Goaf During Recovery       Adequate roof support
Of Buried Equipment                 Operator competence
                                    Supervision
                                    Inspection/monitoring of goaf
Gas Migrating From Goaf Builds Up Adequate ventilation
At Face/Goaf Edge Where An          Allowable gas levels
Ignition Source Occurs (Such As     Gas monitoring/inspections
Arcs, Incendive Sparks)             Design of ventilation system
                                    Provision of bleeders
                                    Design of extraction system
                                    Control of ignition sources
                                    Gas drainage techniques
                                    Equipment protection
Gas Enters Goaf In Large            Adequate ventilation
Quantities From Adjacent Seams      Allowable gas levels
Affected By The Goaf And Floods Gas monitoring/inspections
The Face Area And Ignites From A Design of ventilation system
Source                              Design of extraction system
                                    Gas drainage techniques
                                    Knowledge of goaf behaviour
                                    Knowledge of adjacent seam gas
                                    characteristics
                                    Equipment protection
Gas Enters Goaf In Large            Adequate ventilation
Quantities From Abandoned           Gas monitoring/inspections
Workings In Adjacent Seams          Design of extraction system
Affected By The Goaf And Floods
The Face Area
Gas Enters Goaf In Large
Quantities From Abandoned
Workings In Adjacent Seams
Affected By The Goaf And Floods    Knowledge of workings in adjacent
The Face Area                      seams
                                   Knowledge of goaf behaviour
                                   Gas drainage techniques
                                   Equipment protection
Explosive Gas Or Gas/Dust          Adequate ventilation
Atmosphere Is Driven Over Face     Monitor tripped interlocks to isolate
Equipment And Ignition Source By   electricity to face equipment
Wind Blast Associated With Goaf    Design of extraction sequence
Fall                               Design of panel
                                   Provision of bleeders
                                   Gas drainage techniques
                                   Inertization of dust/gas
                                   Equipment protection
Spontaneous Combustion Of Coal     Design of extraction panel
In Goaf Leads To Fire And/Or       Knowledge of coal behaviour
Ignition Of Gas                    Design of ventilation system
                                   Monitoring of goaf gases
                                   Provision of seals for rapid sealing of
                                   goaf
                                   Provision of inerting gases
                                   Operating procedure
Incendive Sparking During Goaf     Knowledge of rock properties
Falls Ignite Gas In Goaf           Knowledge of spark sources
                                   Design of ventilation system
                                   Provision of inerting gases
                                   Provision of seals for rapid sealing of
                                   goaf
                                   Monitoring of goaf gases
                                   Gas drainage techniques
                                   Operating procedure
Irrespirable And/Or Poisonous      Operating procedure
Gases Are Expelled Into Working    Monitoring of goaf gases
Areas By Wind Blasts Associated    Emergency procedure and equipment
With Goaf Falls
                                 Design of extraction system
                                 Design of ventilation system
                                 Gas drainage techniques
Goaf Development Extends To Tap Operating procedure
Accumulation Of Fluid Material   Design of extraction panels
Which Floods Goaf And Adjacent Knowledge of locations of
Workings (Accumulations Can Be accumulation of fluid materials
In Strata, Old Workings Or On    Knowledge of strata behaviour
Surface)                         Surface diversion works
                                 Adequate pumps
Goaf Cracking Extends To Surface Design of extraction panels
And Allows Ingress Of Flood      Knowledge of strata behaviour
Waters To Flood Workings         Surface diversion works
Goaf Cracking Extends To Surface
And Allows Ingress Of Flood
Waters To Flood Workings
                                 Adequate pumps
                                 Knowledge of surface features
Extraction Of Coal Causes        Knowledge of strata behaviour
Damage Or Destruction Of Surface Design of extraction panels to limit
Constructions Due To Subsidence surface subsidence, tilts and strains

Falls Of Roof And/Or Face Coal       Operating procedure
Due To Damage By Scraper Hoe         Operator competence
Of Supports                          Installation design
Personnel Entangled And Crushed      Operating procedure
Between Scraper Hoe And/Or           Operator competence
Ropes, Rib Or Face                   Installation design
                                     Allowable positions for personnel
                                     during operation
Personnel Struck By Lashing          Operating procedure
Ropes Following Rope Failure Or Operator competence
Coupling Failure                     Installation design
                                     System maintenance
                                     Inspection of ropes and couplings
Personnel Struck By Lashing          Operating procedure
Ropes Or Runaway Hoe Following Operator competence
Return Sheave Failure Or Sheave Installation design
Anchorage Failure                    Sheave design
                                     System maintenance
                                     Sheave anchorage design
Friction Of Rope On Materials In Its Adequate ventilation
Path Causes Ignition Temperature Installation design
To Be Reached                        Operating procedure
                                     Rope path kept free of rubbing
                                     flammable materials
                                     Provision of fire fighting equipment
                                     Use of fire fighting equipment
Incendive Sparks Struck By           Knowledge of presence of incendive
Scraper Hoe
                                     materials
                                     Operating procedure
                                     System design
                                     Adequate ventilation
Overheating Of Scraper Drive         Operating procedure
Surfaces                             Design of system
                                     Limitation of surface temperatures
High Noise Levels And Doses          Allowable noise levels/doses
Produced By Scraper Drive And        Noise audits
Systems                              Hearing protection if necessary
                                     Design of system to minimise noise
                                     production
                                     Limitation of exposure
Personnel Breathe Air                Adequate ventilation
Contaminated By Dust Created By
Operation Of Scraper
Personnel Breathe Air
Contaminated By Dust Created By Allowable dust levels
Operation Of Scraper               Dust audits (respirable)
                                   Operating procedure
                                   System design
                                   Dust suppression
Personnel Struck By Spalling Coal Operating procedure
From Face Line                     Adequate shortwall support density
                                   Protective structures on machines
                                   Remote control
Personnel Struck By Rib Material   Operating procedure
Or Roof Material Freed By          Adequate roof and rib support
Increasing Abutment Stress In Gate Inspection/monitoring of abutment
Locations                          zones in gates
                                   Design of chain pillars
Personnel Struck By Roof Material Operating procedure
Falling Out Ahead Of Roof Support
                                   Design of roof supports
Cantilever Tips
                                   Adequate roof support setting density

                                  Protective canopies on continuous
                                  miners and shuttle cars
Personnel Struck By Roof Material Operating procedure
Falling Between Supports          Design of roof members of shortwall
                                  supports
                                  Adequate roof support setting density

Personnel Struck By Goaf Material    Operating procedure
Rilling In Between Roof Supports     Design of roof supports
Personnel Jammed Against             Operating procedure
Supports By Other Mobile             Operator competence
Equipment                            Design of roof supports
                                     Personnel vigilance
Personnel Jammed Between Roof        Operating procedure
Supports As They Are Re-             Design of supports
Positioned                           Operator competence
                                     Personnel vigilance
Personnel Caught In Major Roof       Design of roof supports
Fall Due To Failure Of Shortwall
Roof Supports
Personnel Struck By Blown Hoses   Design of roof supports
And Associated Fluids On ShortwallDesign of hosing
Roof Supports Over By Shuttle Car
Personnel Run                     Operating procedure
Along Face Line                   Operator competence
                                  Adequate lighting on face and shuttle
                                  car
                                  Warning device on shuttle car
Gas Migrating From Goaf Builds Up Adequate ventilation
At Face/Goaf Edge Where An        Allowable gas levels
Ignition Source Occurs (Such As   Gas monitoring/inspections
Arcs, Incendive Sparks)
Gas Migrating From Goaf Builds Up
At Face/Goaf Edge Where An
Ignition Source Occurs (Such As
Arcs, Incendive Sparks)           Design of ventilation system
                                  Provision of bleeders
                                  Design of extraction system
                                  Control of ignition sources
                                  Gas drainage techniques
                                  Equipment protection
Gas Enters Goaf In Large          Adequate ventilation
Quantities From Adjacent Seams    Allowable gas levels
Affected By The Goaf And Floods Gas monitoring/inspections
The Face Area And Ignites From A Design of ventilation system
Source                            Design of extraction system
                                  Gas drainage techniques
                                  Knowledge of goaf behaviour
                                  Knowledge of adjacent seam gas
                                  characteristic
                                  Equipment protection
Gas Enters Goaf In Large          Adequate ventilation
Quantities From Abandoned         Gas monitoring/inspections
Workings In Adjacent Seams        Design of extraction system
Affected By The Goaf And Floods Knowledge of workings in adjacent
The Face Area                     seams
                                  Knowledge of goaf behaviour
                                  Gas drainage techniques
                                  Equipment protection
Explosive Gas Or Gas/Dust         Adequate ventilation
Atmosphere Is Driven Over Face    Monitor tripped interlocks to isolate
Equipment And Ignition Source By electricity to face equipment
Wind Blast Associated With Goaf Design of extraction sequence
Fall                              Design of panel
                                  Provision of bleeders
                                  Gas drainage techniques
                                  Inertization of dust/gas
                                  Equipment protection
Spontaneous Combustion Of Coal Design of extraction panel
In Goaf Leads To Fire And/Or      Knowledge of coal behaviour
Ignition Of Gas                   Design of ventilation system
                                  Monitoring of goaf gases
                                  Provision of seals for rapid sealing of
                                  goaf
                                  Provision of inerting gases
                                  Operating procedure
Incendive Sparking During Goaf    Knowledge of rock properties
Falls Ignite Gas In Goaf          Knowledge of spark sources
                                  Design of ventilation system
                                  Provision of inerting gases
                                  Provision of seals for rapid sealing of
                                  goaf
                                  Monitoring of goaf gases
Falls Ignite Gas In Goaf




                                   Gas drainage techniques
                                   Operating procedure
Irrespirable And/Or Poisonous      Operating procedure
Gases Are Expelled Into Working    Monitoring of goaf gases
Areas By Wind Blasts Associated    Emergency procedure and equipment
With Goaf Falls
                                   Design of extraction system
                                   Design of ventilation system
                                   Gas drainage techniques
Goaf Development Extends To Tap    Operating procedure
Accumulation Of Fluid Material     Design of extraction panels
Which Floods Goaf And Adjacent     Knowledge of locations of
Workings (Accumulation Can Be In   accumulation of fluid materials
Strata, Old Workings Or On         Knowledge of strata behaviour
Surface)                           Surface diversion works
                                   Adequate pumps
Goaf Cracking Extends To Surface   Design of extraction panels
And Allows Ingress Of Floodwater   Knowledge of strata behaviour
To Flood Workings                  Surface diversion works
                                   Adequate pumps
                                   Knowledge of surface features
Extraction Of Coal Causes          Knowledge of strata behaviour
Damage Or Destruction Of Surface   Design of extraction panels to limit
Constructions Due To Subsidence    surface subsidence, tilts and strains

Personnel Slip/Trip While          Design of supports
Negotiating The Support Line       Provision of walkways
                                   Adequate lighting
                                   Operating procedure
     Go to Underground Menu


   Drill and blast production



   Mobile Loader Operation


        Go to
Hierarchy of Controls

   References
safety alert 94
Safety Alert 183




Safety Alert 183




Safety Alert 189
Go to top of page
                                              STORAGE OF COAL HAZARDS
                 Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Strata Bunker Systems       Surge Cars


Sub Activity                Hazard                           Mechanism
Strata Bunker Systems       Asphyxiation                     Heavy Noxious Gases Evolved
                                                             From Coal Causes Irrespirable
                                                             Atmosphere In Feeder Area

Strata Bunker Systems       Asphyxiation                     Personnel Engaged In Bunker
                                                             Maintenance Are Overcome By
                                                             Irrespirable Or Noxious Gases
Strata Bunker Systems       Crushing, Contusion And          In Bunker
                                                             Bottom Of Bunker Collapses
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Engulfing Personnel

Strata Bunker Systems       Crushing, Contusion And          Maintenance Personnel Fall Into
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Bunker


Strata Bunker Systems       Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Become Engulfed In
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Coal Flow Due To Sudden
                                                             Release After Hang Up

Strata Bunker Systems       Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Become Entangled In
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Bunker Bottom Feeder System




Strata Bunker Systems       Disruption Of Ventilation System Emptying Of Bunker Allows
                                                             Extensive Short Circuiting Of Air
                                                             Which Disrupts Main Ventilation
                                                             Flow
Strata Bunker Systems       Explosion Of Dust Or Dust/Gas Explosion Dust Cloud Is
                                                             Caused At Bottom Of Bunker By
                                                             Operation Of Feeder


Strata Bunker Systems       Explosion Of Dust Or Dust/Gas    Fire In Bunker In Presence Of
                                                             Explosive Dust Cloud


Strata Bunker Systems       Explosion Of Dust Or Dust/Gas    Operation Of Feeder Causes
                                                             General Deposition Of
                                                             Combustible Dust Capable Of
                                                             Being Raised Into Explosive
                                                             Cloud In Area Associated With
                                                             Feeder
Strata Bunker Systems   Explosion Of Dust Or Dust/Gas   Operation Of Feeder Causes
                                                        General Deposition Of
                                                        Combustible Dust Capable Of
                                                        Being Raised Into Explosive
                                                        Cloud In Area Associated With
                                                        Feeder

Strata Bunker Systems   Explosion Of Gas                Electrical Fault On Equipment At
                                                        Top Of Bunker Causes
                                                        Arcs/Sparks Which Ignites Gas
                                                        Evolved In Bunker




Strata Bunker Systems   Explosion Of Gas                Fire In Bunker In Presence Of
                                                        Flammable Gas Evolved From
                                                        Coal Or As A Result Of Fire




Strata Bunker Systems   Explosion Of Gas                Mechanical Fault On Equipment
                                                        At Top Of Bunker Causes
                                                        Frictional Heat Build Up Which
                                                        Ignites Gas Escaping From
                                                        Bunker




Strata Bunker Systems   Fire In Bunker                  Electrical Fault In Feeder
                                                        Equipment Causes Arc Which
                                                        Ignites Coal At Bottom Of
                                                        Bunker (Or Overheating Of
                                                        Equipment, With Same Result)




Strata Bunker Systems   Fire In Bunker                  Material Stored In Bunker
                                                        Spontaneous Ignites


Strata Bunker Systems   Fire In Bunker                  Mechanical Fault On Feeder
                                                        Causes Friction Which Ignites
                                                        Coal At Bottom Of Bunker
Strata Bunker Systems   Fire In Bunker                   Mechanical Fault On Feeder
                                                         Causes Friction Which Ignites
                                                         Coal At Bottom Of Bunker




Strata Bunker Systems   Fire In Bunker                   Sparks From Hot Work In Or
                                                         Adjacent To Bunker Ignite Coal

Strata Bunker Systems   Hearing Damage                   Operation Of Feeders Causes
                                                         Excessive Noise Levels And
                                                         Doses




Strata Bunker Systems   Lung Damage                      Excessive Dust Billows From
                                                         Top Of Bunker




Strata Bunker Systems   Lung Damage                      Operation Of Feeder Causes
                                                         Excessively Dusty Conditions




Surge Cars              Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Jammed Between
                        Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Surge Car And Shuttle Cars


Surge Cars              Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Jammed Between
                        Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Surge Car And Rib As They
                                                         Pass


Surge Cars              Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Struck By Material
                        Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Falling Over Sides Of Surge Car
                                                         As They Pass
Surge Cars              Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Unable To Escape
                        Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Inbye Roof/Rib Falls As Surge
                                                         Car Blocks Escapeway


Surge Cars              Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Unable To Properly
                        Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Handle Material Past Car
                                                         Resulting In Injury
Surge Cars   Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Unable To Properly
             Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Handle Material Past Car
                                              Resulting In Injury


Surge Cars   Lung Damage                      Dust From Operation Of Surge
                                              Car Contaminates Intake To
                                              Face Personnel
COAL HAZARDS
VANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                      Go to Underground Menu

                                                  Go to
                                          Hierarchy of Controls

               Control                          References
               Adequate ventilation of feeder
               area
               Allowable gas limits
               Gas auditing
               Adequate ventilation of bunker

               Maintenance procedure
               Design of bunker
               Maintenance of structure
               Operating procedure
               Adequate lighting
               Competence
               Guarding of bunker entries
               Maintenance procedure
               Design of bunker system
               Operating procedure
               Competence
               Hang up clearing procedure
               Competence
               Design of feeder
               Guarding of feeder
               Maintenance of feeder
               Operating procedure
               Bunker operation procedure
               Provision of bunker level
               control devices
               Ventilation system design
               Adequate ventilation of feeder
               area
               Design of feeder
               Dust suppression measures
               Operating procedure
               Adequate ventilation
               Dust suppression measures
               Inertization of bin atmosphere

               Adequate ventilation of feeder
               area
Allowable combustible dust
limits
Combustible dust auditing
Dust inertization
Dust suppression measures
Adequate ventilation of bunker

Allowable gas limits
Design of electrical equipment

Gas auditing
Maintenance of electrical
equipment
Adequate ventilation of bunker

Allowable gas limits
Gas auditing
Pre-drainage of coal before
mining
Adequate ventilation of bunker

Allowable gas limits
Design of mechanical
equipment
Gas monitoring
Maintenance of mechanical
equipment
Surface temperature limits
Temperature auditing
Design of electrical equipment

Earth fault limitation and trip
Fire fighting equipment
Limitation of surface
temperatures
Maintenance of electrical
equipment
Operating procedure
Overload protection
Temperature auditing
Control of residence time
Fire fighting equipment
Operating procedure
Periodic cleaning of bunker
Feeder design
Feeder maintenance
Fire fighting equipment
Limitation of surface
temperature
Operating procedure
Competence
Control of hot work
Fire fighting equipment
Allowable noise levels and
doses
Design of feeder
Maintenance of feeder
Noise auditing
Protective equipment
Adequate ventilation of bunker
top
Allowable respirable dust limits

Dust suppression measures
Protective equipment
Respirable dust auditing
Adequate ventilation of feeder
area
Allowable respirable dust limits

Dust suppression measures
Operating procedure
Protective equipment
Respirable dust auditing
Adequate lighting
Competence
Operating procedure
Operator competence
Competence
Operating procedure
Provision of personnel
passageway
Adequate rib support
Competence
Operating procedure
Surge car design
Adequate rib support
Adequate roof support
Design of car
Provision of escape passage
for personnel
Competence
Manual handling procedure
Operating procedure
Provision of passage past car

Adequate ventilation
Allowable dust limits
Dust suppression
Operating procedure
Protective equipment
Respirable dust auditing

                                Go to top of page
                                           DRIFTING OPERATIONS HAZARDS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Charging and Firing Shots   Drilling Out                  Electrical Equipment use


Muck Excavation             Lining and Support            Pressure Grouting


Surface Muck Disposal       Surface/Portal Operations


Sub Activity                Hazard                        Mechanism
Charging and Firing Shots   Accumulation Of Noxious Blast Blast Damage To Ventilation
                            Fumes                         Apparatus




Charging and Firing Shots   Accumulation Of Noxious Blast Inadequate Ventilation
                            Fumes                         Arrangements




Charging and Firing Shots   Asphyxiation                  Oxygen Deficient Atmosphere
                                                          In Drift Or Face


Charging and Firing Shots   Blast Damage Causes Follow    Damage To Drift Supports On
                            On Hazards To Personnel       Lining Through Flyrock And/Or
                                                          Vibration




Charging and Firing Shots   Blast Damage Causes Follow    Damage To Portal Lining And
                            On Hazards To Personnel       Surface Equipment Through
                                                          Flyrock And/Or Overpressure
Charging and Firing Shots   Blast Damage Causes Follow    Damage To Sinking Equipment
                            On Hazards To Personnel       Through Flyrock And/Or
                                                          Overpressure




Charging and Firing Shots   Eye Injuries From Propelled   Blowing Out Shotholes With
                            Stone And Grit                Blowpipe Prior To Charging
Charging and Firing Shots   Flyrock                       Flyrock From Blast Strikes
                                                          Personnel

Charging and Firing Shots   High Noise Levels             Use Of Blowpipe To Clean Out
                                                          Holes Prior To Charging
Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Blow Out Of Unexploded
                                                          Charges




Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Cut Offs




Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Detonator Lead Wires Broken
                                                          During Charging

Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Faulty Initiator




Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Fly Rock Damage To Firing
                                                          Line




Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Incorrect Coupling Of Nonel
                                                          Type Leads

Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Nonel Type Tube Leads
                                                          Broken During Charging
Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Short Circuiting On Floor
Charging and Firing Shots   Misfires                      Short Circuiting On Floor




Charging and Firing Shots   Overpressure Wave Causing     Overpressure Wave From
                            Personnel Injuries            Blast

Drilling Out                Asphyxiation                  Oxygen Deficient Atmosphere
                                                          In Drift Or Face


Drilling Out                Eye Injury From Grit And/Or   Blowout Of Hydraulic Lines Or
                            Spray                         Hoses




Drilling Out                Eye Injury From Grit And/Or   Grit And Or Water Thrown Up
                            Spray                         By Drills Or Hoses




Drilling Out                General Injuries Due To       Skin Disorders
                            Environment




Drilling Out                General Injuries Due To       Slipping And Tripping
                            Environment




Drilling Out                General Injuries Due To       Strains And Sprains
                            Environment




Drilling Out                High Airborne Dust Levels     Contamination Of Intake Air
Drilling Out   High Airborne Dust Levels   Production Of Dust By Drills




Drilling Out   High Noise Levels           Drill Noise




Drilling Out   High Noise Levels           Drill Powerpack Noise In
                                           Electro-Hydraulic Jumbo Units


Drilling Out   Ignition Of Gas             Electrical Arc/Spark In
                                           Accumulation Of Gas




Drilling Out   Ignition Of Gas             Internal Combustion Engine
                                           Ignites Gas Accumulation




Drilling Out   Ignition Of Gas             Metal To Metal Sparking In
                                           Accumulation Of Gas




Drilling Out   Ignition Of Gas             Metal/Rock Sparking In
                                           Accumulation Of Gas
Drilling Out   Ignition Of Gas                Metal/Rock Sparking In
                                              Accumulation Of Gas




Drilling Out   Ignition Of Gas                Naked Flame In Accumulation
                                              Of Gas




Drilling Out   Ignition Of Gas                Static Discharge In
                                              Accumulation Of Gas




Drilling Out   Loose Whipping Hose Injuries   Air Or Water Turned On To
               To Personnel                   Open Ended Hose
Drilling Out   Loose Whipping Hose Injuries   Inadvertently
                                              Blown Out Hoses
               To Personnel




Drilling Out   Loose Whipping Hose Injuries   Over Pressure
               To Personnel

Drilling Out   Loose Whipping Hose Injuries   Parted Couplings
               To Personnel




Drilling Out   Lubrication Fumes              Emission Of Lubricant Or
                                              Oxidation Products From Drill
                                              Exhausts




Drilling Out   Lubrication Fumes              Emission Of Lubricant Or
                                              Oxidation Products From
                                              Equipment Associated With
                                              Drills




Drilling Out   Operator Entanglement With     Hose Whip
               Hoses Or Drills
Drilling Out   Operator Entanglement With   Hose Whip
               Hoses Or Drills


Drilling Out   Operator Entanglement With   Loose Clothing Entangled In
               Hoses Or Drills              Drill




Drilling Out   Uncontrolled Movement Of     Accidents While Unloading,
               Materials And/Or Equipment   Positioning And Assembling
               Causing Crushing And         Drilling Equipment In Face
Drilling Out   Contusion Movement Of
               Uncontrolled                 Area Face During Drilling
                                            Fall Of
               Materials And/Or Equipment
               Causing Crushing And
               Contusion




Drilling Out   Uncontrolled Movement Of     Fall Of Roof During Drilling
               Materials And/Or Equipment
               Causing Crushing And
               Contusion




Drilling Out   Uncontrolled Movement Of     Fall Of Sides During Drilling
               Materials And/Or Equipment
               Causing Crushing And
               Contusion




Drilling Out   Uncontrolled Movement Of     Malfunction Of Drilling Jumbo
               Materials And/Or Equipment   Booms
               Causing Crushing And
Drilling Out   Contusion Movement Of
               Uncontrolled                 Runaway Equipment In Drift
               Materials And/Or Equipment   Reaching Face Area
               Causing Crushing And
               Contusion
Drilling Out               Uncontrolled Movement Of     Runaway Equipment In Drift
                           Materials And/Or Equipment   Reaching Face Area
                           Causing Crushing And
                           Contusion




Drilling Out               Unexpected Contact With      Drilling Into Butts Containing
                           Explosives                   Misfires




Electrical Equipment use   Electrocution                Contact With Live Parts




Electrical Equipment use   Electrocution                Damage To Equipment And
                                                        Cables By Flyrock, Etc.
                                                        Exposing Live Parts


Electrical Equipment use   Electrocution                Inadequate Earthing
                                                        Arrangements During Welding
                                                        Procedures

Electrical Equipment use   Electrocution                Indirect Contact




Electrical Equipment use   Fire                         Ignition Of Flammable Material
                                                        Due To Electrical Equipment
                                                        Malfunction (E.g.. Arc Ignites
                                                        Timber Buntons)

Electrical Equipment use   Unexpected Explosion         Electrical Arcs/Sparks In
                                                        Presence Of Gas
Electrical Equipment use   Unexpected Explosion           Electrical Arcs/Sparks In
                                                          Presence Of Gas




Furnishing of Drift        Asphyxiation                   Oxygen Deficient Atmosphere
                                                          In Drift Or Face


Furnishing of Drift        Chemical Absorption By         Contact With Noxious
                           Personnel                      Chemicals Such As Protective
                                                          Coatings Applied To
                                                          Furnishings




Furnishing of Drift        Crushing, Contusion, Jamming   Furnishings Are Dropped
                           And Fracture Injuries To       During Installation
Furnishing of Drift        Personnel
                           Crushing, Contusion, Jamming   Furnishings Are Dropped
                           And Fracture Injuries To       During Installation Due To
                           Personnel                      Equipment Failure


Furnishing of Drift        Crushing, Contusion, Jamming Furnishings Collapse Or Fall
                           And Fracture Injuries To     Due To Incorrect Installation Or
                           Personnel                    Failure Of Anchorages For
                                                        Support
Furnishing of Drift        Crushing, Contusion, Jamming Furnishings Collapse After
                           And Fracture Injuries To     Collision By Mobile Or Tracked
                           Personnel                    Equipment




Furnishing of Drift        Crushing, Contusion, Jamming Personnel Are Struck Or
                           And Fracture Injuries To     Jammed By Equipment Used
                           Personnel                    To Install Furnishings


Furnishing of Drift        Falls By Personnel             Personnel Fall Off Structures
                                                          Or Machines While Installing
                                                          Furnishings

Furnishing of Drift        Fire In Flammable Furnishings Ignition By Naked Flame
Furnishing of Drift       Fire In Flammable Furnishings Ignition By Naked Flame




Furnishing of Drift       Fire In Flammable Furnishings Ignition By Sparks Falling From
                                                        Surface




Furnishing of Drift       Gas Ignition                   Electrical Arc/Spark Ignition In
                                                         Accumulation Of Gas




Furnishing of Drift       Gas Ignition                   Metal To Metal Sparking In
                                                         Accumulation Of Gas
Furnishing of Drift       Gas Ignition                   Naked Flame Ignition In
                                                         Accumulation Of Gas




Furnishing of Drift       Gas Ignition                   Static Discharge In
                                                         Accumulation Of Gas




Furnishing of Drift       High Dust Levels Causing Lung Dust From Drilling And
                          Damage And Eye Injuries       Grinding Operations As
                                                        Furnishings Are Fixed To Shaft
                                                        Wells
Furnishing of Drift       Noxious Fumes Causing         Fumes From Paints, Sealers
                          Personnel Injury              And Protective Coatings
                                                        Applied To Furnishings




Furnishing of Drift       Noxious Fumes Causing          Internal Combustion Fumes
                          Personnel Injury               Contaminate Drift Air




General Drift Equipping   Crushing, Contusion And        Collapse Of Suspended Pipes
                          Fracture Injuries To Personnel Or Cables On To Personnel
General Drift Equipping   Crushing, Contusion And        Collapse Of Suspended Pipes
                          Fracture Injuries To Personnel Or Cables On To Personnel




General Drift Equipping   Crushing, Contusion And        Collapse Of Ventilation
                          Fracture Injuries To Personnel Ductwork On To Personnel


General Drift Equipping   Strain And Sprain Injuries    Improper Manual Handling Of
                                                        Material And Equipment
Lining and Support        Asphyxiation                  Oxygen Deficient Atmosphere
                                                        In Drift Or Face


Lining and Support        Chemical Burns To Personnel   Contact With Concrete,
                                                        Additives, Grouts, Or Water
                                                        Contaminated With Them




Lining and Support        Crushing, Contusions And      Concrete Lining Collapses After
                          Fracture Injuries             Stripping Because Of
                                                        Groundwater Flushing Through
                                                        Pour, Weakening It




Lining and Support        Crushing, Contusions And      Falls Of Roof Before Or During
                          Fracture Injuries             Support Operations




Lining and Support        Crushing, Contusions And      Falls Of Sides Before Or
                          Fracture Injuries             During Support
Lining and Support   Crushing, Contusions And   Formwork Bursts And Dumps
                     Fracture Injuries          Concrete As Concrete Liner Is
Lining and Support   Crushing, Contusions And   EmplacedElements Are
                                                Liner Set
                     Fracture Injuries          Dropped On Personnel During
                                                Handling/ Installation
Lining and Support   Crushing, Contusions And   Lining Sets Collapse As They
                     Fracture Injuries          Are Being Installed

Lining and Support   Crushing, Contusions And   Personnel Are Jammed By
                     Fracture Injuries          Movement Of Shield Or
                                                Excavator During Lining/
                                                Support Placement




Lining and Support   Crushing, Contusions And   Personnel Are Struck Or
                     Fracture Injuries          Jammed By Mobile Or Other
                                                Equipment Used To Erect
                                                Lining



Lining and Support   Falls By Personnel         Personnel Fall From Structures
                                                Or Machines In Drift While
                                                Erecting Support/Lining

Lining and Support   Fire In Timber Supports    Ignition By Naked Flame




Lining and Support   Gas Ignition               Electrical Arc/Spark Ignition In
                                                Accumulation Of Gas




Lining and Support   Gas Ignition               Metal To Metal Sparking In
                                                Accumulation Of Gas
Lining and Support   Gas Ignition               Naked Flame Ignition In
                                                Accumulation Of Gas




Lining and Support   Gas Ignition               Static Discharge In
                                                Accumulation Of Gas
Lining and Support   Gas Ignition                  Static Discharge In
                                                   Accumulation Of Gas




Lining and Support   High Airborne Dust Levels     Contamination Of Intake Air




Lining and Support   High Airborne Dust Levels     Production Of Dust By Drills




Lining and Support   High Velocity Spray Of        Concrete Pumping Lines Burst
                     Concrete Strikes Personnel


Lining and Support   High Velocity Spray Of        Shotcrete Spray Or Rebound
                     Concrete Strikes Personnel

Lining and Support   Immersion Of Personnel        Failure Of Ice Wall In Frozen
                     Caused By Flooding Of Drift   Formation Through Inadequate
                                                   Thickness/Formation

Lining and Support   Immersion Of Personnel        Failure Of Lining Under
                     Caused By Flooding Of Drift   Hydrostatic Pressure




Lining and Support   Noxious Fumes Causing Lung Excessive Internal Combustion
                     Damage And/Or Poisoning Of Engine Fumes Contaminate
                     Personnel                  Intake Air
Lining and Support   Noxious Fumes Causing Lung Excessive Internal Combustion
                     Damage And/Or Poisoning Of Engine Fumes Contaminate
                     Personnel                  Intake Air




Lining and Support   Noxious Fumes Causing Lung Fire Occurs In Drift
                     Damage And/Or Poisoning Of Contaminating Intake Air To
                     Personnel                  Face Crew




Lining and Support   Noxious Fumes Causing Lung Leakage Of Refrigerant From
                     Damage And/Or Poisoning Of Strata Freezing Plant Into
                     Personnel                  Intake Air




Muck Excavation      Asphyxiation                    Oxygen Deficient Atmosphere
                                                     In Drift Or Face


Muck Excavation      Excavator Operation Or          Brake Failure Causing
                     Malfunction Causing Injury To   Jamming Of Personnel By
                     Personnel                       Excavating Machine/ Loader



Muck Excavation      Excavator Operation Or          Broken Scraper Rope With
                     Malfunction Causing Injury To   Subsequent Rope Whip
                     Personnel




Muck Excavation      Excavator Operation Or          Entanglement In Ropes Or
                     Malfunction Causing Injury To   Plough
                     Personnel
Muck Excavation      Excavator Operation Or          Failure Of Scraper Anchorage
                     Malfunction Causing Injury To   Allowing Scraper Winch Unit
                     Personnel                       To Move
Muck Excavation   Excavator Operation Or          Failure Of Scraper Anchorage
                  Malfunction Causing Injury To   Allowing Scraper Winch Unit
                  Personnel                       To Move
Muck Excavation   Excavator Operation Or          Failure Of Scraper Sheave
                  Malfunction Causing Injury To   Anchor With Subsequent Rope
                  Personnel                       Whip




Muck Excavation   Excavator Operation Or          Inadvertent Starting Of
                  Malfunction Causing Injury To   Equipment
                  Personnel


Muck Excavation   Excavator Operation Or          Incorrect Operation Of
                  Malfunction Causing Injury To   Excavating Machine
                  Personnel

Muck Excavation   Excavator Operation Or          Poor Visibility For Excavator
                  Malfunction Causing Injury To   Operator
                  Personnel


Muck Excavation   Excavator Operation Or          Slew Jamming Of Personnel By
                  Malfunction Causing Injury To   Excavating Machine/Loader
                  Personnel
Muck Excavation   Fall Of Face After Or During    Blast Damage To Face
                  Excavation Causing Crushing
                  And Contusion To Face
                  Personnel


Muck Excavation   Fall Of Face After Or During    Excessively Weak Strata
                  Excavation Causing Crushing
                  And Contusion To Face
                  Personnel
Muck Excavation   Fall Of Face After Or During    Face Weakened Or Overhung
                  Excavation Causing Crushing     During Excavator Cutting
                  And Contusion To Face           Sequence
                  Personnel
Muck Excavation   Falls Of Roof And/Or Sides At   Excessively Weak Ground
                  Face During Mucking Out
                  Causing Crushing Or
                  Contusion To Muck Pile
Muck Excavation   Excavator Operators
                  Falls Of Roof And/Or Sides At   Roof/Wall Failure Near Face
                  Face During Mucking Out
                  Causing Crushing Or
                  Contusion To Muck Pile
                  Excavator Operators
Muck Excavation   Falls Of Roof And/Or Sides At   Roof/Wall Failure Near Face
                  Face During Mucking Out
                  Causing Crushing Or
                  Contusion To Muck Pile
                  Excavator Operators




Muck Excavation   Falls Of Roof And/Or Sides At   Roof/Wall Failure Near Face
                  Face During Mucking Out         Due To Blast Damage
                  Causing Crushing Or
                  Contusion To Muck Pile
                  Excavator Operators




Muck Excavation   Gas Ignition                    Electrical Arc/Spark Ignition In
                                                  Accumulation Of Gas




Muck Excavation   Gas Ignition                    Metal To Metal Sparking In
                                                  Accumulation Of Gas
Muck Excavation   Gas Ignition                    Naked Flame Ignition In
                                                  Accumulation Of Gas




Muck Excavation   Gas Ignition                    Static Discharge In
                                                  Accumulation Of Gas




Muck Excavation   General Injuries Due To         Skin Disorders
                  Environment




Muck Excavation   General Injuries Due To         Slipping And Tripping
                  Environment
Muck Excavation   General Injuries Due To      Slipping And Tripping
                  Environment




Muck Excavation   General Injuries Due To      Strains And Sprains
                  Environment




Muck Excavation   Grit And Spray Causing Eye   Contaminated Intake Air
                  Injury

Muck Excavation   Grit And Spray Causing Eye   Grit And/Or Water Thrown Up
                  Injury                       During Excavation


Muck Excavation   High Airborne Dust Levels    Contamination Of Intake Air




Muck Excavation   High Airborne Dust Levels    Production Of Dust During
                                               Muck Excavation




Muck Excavation   High Noise Levels            Background Noise




Muck Excavation   High Noise Levels            Excavator Noise
Muck Excavation       Noxious Fume Emission From Emission Of Internal
                      Excavator                  Combustion Fumes




Muck Excavation       Noxious Fume Emission From Emission Of Lubricant Fumes
                      Excavator




Muck Excavation       Noxious Fume Emission From Emission Of Oil Mists
                      Excavator




Muck Excavation       Spilled/Falling/ Runaway Muck Muck Pile Face Rolls Down On
                      Causing Crushing Or           Operators
                      Contusion To Muck Pile/
                      Excavator Operators


Muck Excavation       Spilled/Falling/ Runaway Muck Muck Spilled From
                      Causing Crushing Or           Conveyances On To Nearby
                      Contusion To Muck Pile/       Personnel
                      Excavator Operators




Muck Excavation       Spilled/Falling/ Runaway Muck Muck Spilled/Thrown From
                      Causing Crushing Or           Excavator On To Nearby
                      Contusion To Muck Pile/       Personnel
                      Excavator Operators

Muck Excavation       Spilled/Falling/ Runaway Muck   Uncontrolled Runback Of Muck
                      Causing Crushing Or             On Conveyors Striking Face
                      Contusion To Muck Pile/         Area Personnel
                      Excavator Operators
Muck Excavation       Unexpected Contact With         Excavating Into Unshot Or
                      Explosives                      Misfired Explosives




Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of      Collision Caused Internal
                      Portal Lining                   Damage To Portal Lining
Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Explosion Damage from
                      Portal Lining                Blasting
Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Ground Collapses On To Lining
                      Portal Lining




Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Heavy Equipment Traffic Over
                      Portal Lining                Backfilled Portal

Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   High Water Pressure Outside
                      Portal Lining                Lining


Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Improper Back Filling Around
                      Portal Lining                Portal Lining


Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Improperly Executed Lining
                      Portal Lining                Construction


Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Internal Fire/Heat Damage
                      Portal Lining




Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Blast Damage
                      Strata During Excavation
Portal Construction   Failure And/Or Collapse Of   Unexpectedly Weak Ground
                      Strata During Excavation




Portal Construction   Immersion Of Personnel       Failure Of Drainage System
                      Through Flooding From
                      Surface Runoff

Portal Construction   Immersion Of Personnel       Failure Of Pumps
                      Through Flooding From
                      Surface Runoff
Portal Construction   Immersion Of Personnel       Incorrect Topographical
                      Through Flooding From        Location
                      Surface Runoff
Portal Construction   Immersion Of Personnel         Incorrect Topographical
                      Through Flooding From          Location
                      Surface Runoff




Portal Construction   Surface Equipment Failure And Fires And Explosions Arising
                      Problems                      From Fires




Portal Construction   Surface Equipment Failure And Formwork Failure
                      Problems

Portal Construction   Surface Equipment Failure And Mobile Equipment Mishaps
                      Problems                      (Excluding Cranes On
                                                    Sinking/Winding Duties)




Portal Construction   Surface Equipment Failure And Structural Failure
                      Problems




Pressure Grouting     Environmental Pollution        Grout Chemicals Find Way Into
                      Causing Poisoning              Groundwater And Drainage
                                                     Regimes




Pressure Grouting     Injuries From Grouting         Spray Or Spillage Of
                      Chemicals                      Hazardous Chemicals




Pressure Grouting     Injuries From High Pressure    Bursting Grout Pipe Or Hoses
                      Blowouts
Pressure Grouting       Injuries From High Pressure   Bursting Grout Pipe Or Hoses
                        Blowouts




Pressure Grouting       Injuries From High Pressure   Hose Couplings Part Causing
                        Blowouts                      Spray And Lashing




Pressure Grouting       Injuries From High Pressure   Standpipe Packer Failure
                        Blowouts                      Leading To Standpipes And
                                                      Hoses Jet Lashing Out Of The
                                                      Grout Hole

Pressure Grouting       Injuries From High Pressure   System Blockages
                        Blowouts
Pressure Grouting       Wall, Floor And Lining Damage Grout In Excess Quantities And
                        Causing Risk To Personnel     Pressure Fractures Wall And
                                                      Floor Rock And/Or Shaft Lining


Probe Drilling          High Pressure Blowout Injuries Probe Drill Strikes High
                                                       Pressure Aquifer And Blowout
                                                       Occurs




Probe Drilling          Personnel Injuries From      Probe Drill Strikes Major Gas
                        Unexpected Large Gas Inflows Feeder And Uncontrolled
                                                     Outflow Occurs




Surface Muck Disposal   Crushing And Contusions And Personnel At Collar Level
                        Impact Injuries To Personnel Showered By Spilled Muck
                                                     During Tipping




Surface Muck Disposal   Crushing And Contusions And Personnel Caught In Kibble
                        Impact Injuries To Personnel Tipping Mechanism
Surface Muck Disposal       Crushing And Contusions And Personnel Caught In Kibble
                            Impact Injuries To Personnel Tipping Mechanism




Surface Muck Disposal       Crushing And Contusions And Personnel Crushed By Landing
                            Impact Injuries To Personnel Kibble Or Moving Kibble At
                                                         Surface Level


Surface Muck Disposal       Crushing, Contusion And         Personnel Injured By Mobile
                            Impact Injuries To Personnel    Equipment Used In Muck
                                                            Disposal Operations

Surface Muck Disposal       Crushing, Contusion And         Roll Overs Of Tip Trucks And
                            Impact Injuries To Personnel    Other Muck Disposal Mobile
                                                            Equipment On Dumps




Surface Muck Disposal       Crushing, Contusion And         Spilled Muck Showers Into
                            Impact Injuries To Personnel    Shaft

Surface Muck Disposal       Unexpected Explosion            Detonation Of Unexploded
                                                            Charges Loaded Out In Muck
                                                            As It Is Tipped, Dumped Or
                                                            Levelled

Surface/Portal Operations   Crushing, Contusion, Fracture   Mishaps In Handling Of
                            And Jamming Injuries To         Material On Surface
                            Personnel




Surface/Portal Operations   Crushing, Contusion, Fracture   Personnel Jammed Or Run
                            And Jamming Injuries To         Down By Trolleys/ Vehicles
                            Personnel                       During Shunting Operations


Surface/Portal Operations   Crushing, Contusion, Fracture   Trolley Or Vehicle Runs Away
                            And Jamming Injuries To         And Into Drift
                            Personnel
Surface/Portal Operations   Personnel Injuries From Falls   Fall From Drift Headframe




Surface/Portal Operations   Personnel Injuries From Falls   Fall From Equipment Being
                                                            Handled


Surface/Portal Operations   Personnel Injuries From Falls   Fall From Portal Structure Or
                                                            Wingwalls

Surface/Portal Operations   Unexpected Explosion            Rough Handling Of Explosives
                                                            During Loading For Transport
                                                            In Drift
RATIONS HAZARDS
NTROLS & REFERENCES                              Go to Underground Menu


              Furnishing of Drift              General Drift Equipping


              Portal Construction              Probe Drilling

                                                        Go to
                                                Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                          References
              Blast design
              Location and protection of
              ventilation
              apparatus
              Restoration of ventilation
              Operating procedure
              Adequate ventilation system
              to ensure rapid removal and
              dilution of fumes at muck pile
              level
              Watering down of muck pile
              Inspection after blast
              Adequate ventilation
              Ventilation auditing
              Emergency egress
              Ability to reverse ventilation
              Blast design
              Blast execution
              Lining/support design
              Standback distance of
              lining/support from blast
              Restoration of lining/support

              Timing of blast
              Post blast inspections
              Blast design
              Blast execution
              Portal design
              Surface procedure during
              blasting
              Location and design of
              surface
              equipment
Blast design
Blast execution
Location of equipment
Protection of equipment
Design of equipment
Post blast inspection
Repairs to equipment
Operating procedure
Eye protection if necessary
Safe location for personnel
during blasting
Blasting procedure
Operating procedure
Ear protection if necessary
Proper placement of charge
column and detonator

Proper confinement of
charges
Operating procedure
Competence
Shot pattern design
Care in use of delays
Operating procedure
Competence
Charging procedure
Continuity checks
Competence
Selection/design
Maintenance
Operating procedure, initiator
checks
Competence
Check line for continuity prior

to firing
Protect firing line
Blast design
Operating procedure
Competence
Operating procedure
Competence
Connection type
Charging procedure

Shotfiring circuit design
Avoidance of high voltage
circuits
Proper joints in wet conditions

Operating procedure
Competence
Safe location for personnel
during blasting
Blasting procedure
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Emergency egress
Ability to reverse ventilation
Operational procedures
Maintenance of equipment
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if
necessary
Operational procedures
Drill design
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if
necessary
Maintenance of equipment
Protective clothing
Cleansing of clothing
Adequate bathing facilities
Provision of medicinals (such
as barrier cream)
Materials selection
Operating care
Standard of floor clean up
Adequate dewatering
Adequate lighting
Footwear selection
Housekeeping
Competence
Operator fitness
Drilling procedure
Equipment selection
Equipment handling
arrangements
Location of surface dumps
Dumping procedure
Surface dust suppression
Dust suppression in drift
Ventilation arrangements
Dust auditing
Design of muck removal
system
Breathing protection
Dust suppression on drills
Maintenance of equipment
Adequate ventilation
Auditing of respirable dust
Adherence to dust standards

Breathing protection
Drill design/selection
Noise auditing
Exposure limitation
Protection equipment
Machine design
Noise auditing
Exposure limitation
Protective equipment
Design of electrical equipment

Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Gas auditing
Reporting of gas
Location of electrical
equipment
Maintenance of equipment
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Gas auditing
Reporting of gas
Design of internal combustion
engine
Internal combustion engine
maintenance
Internal combustion engine
operation
Competence of operator
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Gas auditing
Reporting of gas
Selection of metals in
explosion risk zones
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Gas auditing
Reporting of gas
Knowledge of rock properties
Use of water sprays on tools

Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Gas auditing
Reporting of gas
Hot work control
Contraband control
Adequate ventilation of face
and drift
Ventilation auditing
Gas auditing
Reporting of gas
Earthing arrangements
Use of antistatic materials
Operating procedure
Competence
Prevention of damage to
hoses
Inspection of hoses
Maintenance of hoses
Proper hose construction
Proper hose installation
Compressor settings
Compressor maintenance
Pressure regulators
Coupling design
Installation of coupling locks
Examination of equipment
prior to drilling
Fitting compatibility
Lubricant type
Drill design/selection
Lubricator design/selection
Drill maintenance
Lubricator maintenance
Fume auditing
Adequate ventilation of work
area
Allowable fume limits
Lubricant type
Equipment design/selection
Lubricant design/selection
Equipment maintenance
Fume auditing
Adequate ventilation of work
area
Procedure
Non pressurisation of loose
hoses
Securing of hoses
Proper clothing in good repair

Supervisor's checks
Drill design
Operating procedure
Operating procedures
Adequate lighting
Competence
Inspection of face prior to
commencement of drilling
Barring down loose, hanging
material Temporary support
of face prior to
commencement of drilling

Remote control of drills
Inspection of roof before
commencement of drilling
Barring down loose, hanging
material
Temporary or permanent
support of roof in face area
prior to commencement of
drilling
Use of shield systems at face

Remote control of drills
Inspection of sides before
commencement of drilling
Barring down loose hanging
material
Temporary or permanent
support of sides in face area
prior to commencement of
drilling
Use of shield systems at face

Remote control of drills
Operating procedure
Operator competence
Equipment maintenance
Equipment operational
procedure
Equipment inspection
Equipment maintenance
Equipment braking systems

Equipment securement
procedure
Provision of collision barriers
such as drop warwicks

Limitation of concurrent
activities in drift
Equipment operator
competence
Signalling arrangements
Transport control at portal
Proper clean up after blast
and excavation               significant incident 51
Inspection of drilling face
Adequate dewatering to allow
face inspection (toe holes)

Correct reporting and
treatment of misfires
Prohibition of butt drilling
Design of equipment
Proper installation
Inspection, testing and
maintenance
Earth leakage protection
Interlocking
Design of equipment
Location of equipment
Protection of equipment
Inspection, testing and
maintenance
Proper earthing arrangements
and connections

Operator competence
Design of equipment and
system
Inspection, testing and
maintenance
Earth fault limitation
Location of equipment
Maintenance, testing,
inspection
Protection of equipment
Fire fighting provisions
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Design of equipment
Protection of equipment
Inspection of equipment
Maintenance of equipment
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Emergency egress
Ability to reverse ventilation
Knowledge of chemicals used

Application procedure
Protective equipment if
required
Chemical register
Selection of materials
Installation procedure
Competence
Installation procedure
Lifting and slinging procedure

Selection of equipment
Equipment maintenance
Installation procedure
Design of structures
Design of anchorages
Anchorage installation
Installation procedure
Adequate clearances for
vehicular passage
Winding procedure
Transport procedure
Mobile equipment
competence
Equipment maintenance
Installation procedure
Mobile equipment
competence
Maintenance of equipment
Location of personnel
Installation procedure
Design of structures
Use of harnesses if required

Welding and cutting
procedure
Limitation on naked flames
Control on contraband
Fire fighting provision
Surface cutting and welding
procedure
Surface environment
Control of flammable
materials near shaft collar
Surface housekeeping
Fire fighting provision
Design of electrical equipment

Maintenance of equipment
Inspection of equipment
As for static discharge
As for static discharge
Selection of materials
Cutting/welding arrangements

(refer to primary act)
Contraband control
As for static discharge
Adequate ventilation of dilute
gas emitted near sinking floor

Adequate ventilation in shaft
Inspections monitoring for gas

Reporting of gas procedure
Operating procedure
Antistatic materials
Competence
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Protective equipment is
required
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Protective equipment if
required
Chemical register
Selection of materials
Adequate ventilation
Fume auditing
Design of internal combustion
engine
Internal combustion engine
maintenance
Method of support
Installation procedure
Maintenance
Clearances
Competence
Design of ducting
Installation procedure
Maintenance
Competence
Manual handling procedure
Competence
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Emergency egress
Ability to reverse ventilation
Concreting procedure
Grouting procedure
Water control at face
Chemical register
Selection of materials
Protective clothing
Drift surface preparation prior
to pour
Installation procedure
Groundwater diversion and
relief
Sealing of major water flows
prior to concreting by
grouting or other means
Adequate roof control
Roof support installation
procedure
Use of temporary support
(including forepoling and
spiling)
Use of tunnelling shields in
very poor ground
Barring down of roof to solid
as excavation takes place

Lining installation procedure
Adequate rib control
Rib support installation
procedure
Use of temporary support
(incl. spiling)
Use of tunnelling shields
Barring down of sides to solid
as excavation occurs
Lining installation procedure
Design of formwork
Installation procedure
Lining procedure
Competence
Design of sets
Lining procedure
Competence
Design of sets
Lining procedure
Operator competence
Prohibited locations for
personnel
Shield operation procedure
Excavator operation
procedure
Operating procedure
Location of personnel
Operator competence
Maintenance of equipment
Design of mobile equipment
brake systems
Competence
Lining procedure
Use of harnesses where
necessary
Hot work procedure
Limitation of naked flames
Contraband control
Fire fighting provisions
Avoidance of use of timber if
possible
Design of electrical equipment

Maintenance of equipment
Inspection of equipment
As for static discharge
As for static discharge
Selection of materials
Cutting/welding arrangements

(refer to primary act)
Contraband control
As for static discharge
Adequate ventilation of dilute
gas emitted near sinking floor

Adequate ventilation in shaft
Inspections monitoring for gas

Reporting of gas procedure
Operating procedure
Antistatic materials
Competence
Location of dumps
Dumping procedure
Surface dust suppression
Auditing of dust
Breathing protection if
necessary
Adherence to dust standards

Suppression of dust from
other operations at upper
levels in the shaft
Dust suppression on drills
Proper maintenance of drills
and suppressors
Adequate ventilation of drilling
floor
Auditing of dust
Breathing protection if
necessary
Adherence to dust standards

Design of system
Operating procedure
Maintenance of system
Protective equipment
Shotcreting procedure
Competence
Protective equipment
Freeze design
Freeze execution
Ice wall monitoring
Emergency egress
Lining design
Hydrology assessment
External pressure reduction
methods for aquifer
Emergency egress
Adequate ventilation
Fume auditing
Design of internal combustion
engine
Maintenance of internal
combustion engine
Ventilation reversal
Minimisation of flammable
material in drift
Control of hot work
Provision of fire fighting
equipment throughout drift
Fire extinguishers on mobile
drift equipment
Maintenance of mobile
equipment
Operator competence
Maintenance of internal
combustion engines
Ability to reverse ventilation
Communication from face to
surface
Emergency procedure
Self rescuers
Leakage sensor alarms
System shut down controls
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation reversal
Plant maintenance
Plant location
Emergency procedure
Adequate ventilation
Ventilation auditing
Emergency egress
Ability to reverse ventilation
Machine design
Operating procedure
Inspection of machine
Maintenance of machine
Testing of machine
Selection/specification of rope
to match duty
Inspection of rope
Maintenance of rope
Coupling devices
Prohibited areas when
scraper is working
Operating procedure
Operating procedure
Prohibited areas when
scraper is working
Design of scraper
Design of anchorage
Operating procedure
Design of anchor
Design of sheave
Placement of anchor
Prohibited areas when
scraper is working
Operating procedure
Operating procedure
Isolation procedure
Limitation of personnel to
operate
Operator competence
Operating procedure
Operator competence
Limitation of personnel to
operate
Adequate lighting
Machine design
Adequate ventilation to
remove dust, fumes and
vapours
Operating procedure
Prohibited areas when
cutting/loading takes place
Revise blast design
Progressive barring down of
face as it is exposed
Placement of temporary
support as required
Inspection of face
Adoption of specialised
excavation techniques
Forward grouting
Resin injection
Revise cutting sequence
Inspection of face
Placement of temporary
support
Adoption of specialised
excavation techniques
Forward grouting
Resin injection
Inspection of roof before and
during mucking/cutting
Barring down of loosened roof
rock
Placement of temporary and
permanent support as
required
Limitation of exposed roof
sides span
Revision of blast design to
reduce damage
Inspection of roof before and
during mucking/cutting
Barring down of loosened roof
rock
Placement of temporary and
permanent support as
required
Limitation of exposed roof
sides span
Design of electrical equipment

Maintenance of equipment
Inspection of equipment
As for static discharge
As for static discharge
Selection of materials
Cutting/welding arrangements

(refer to primary act)
Contraband control
As for static discharge
Adequate ventilation of dilute
gas emitted near sinking floor

Adequate ventilation in shaft
Inspections monitoring for gas

Reporting of gas procedure
Operating procedure
Antistatic materials
Competence
Protective clothing
Cleansing of clothing
Adequate bathing facilities
Provision of medicinals (such
as barrier cream)
Materials selection
Operating care
Standard of floor clean up
Adequate dewatering
Adequate lighting
Footwear selection
Housekeeping
Competence
Operator fitness
Drilling procedure
Equipment selection
Equipment handling
arrangements
Operating procedures
Protective devices, if required

Operating procedure
Excavator design/selection
Protective devices, if required

Location of surface dumps
Dumping procedure
Surface dust suppression
Design of muck removal
arrangements in drift
Ventilation arrangements
Dust suppression in drift
Auditing of dust
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if
necessary
Adequate ventilation of
excavation area
Dust suppression
arrangements
Auditing of dust
Machine maintenance
Breathing protection to be
provided and worn if
necessary
Machine design
Noise auditing
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if required

Limitation of exposure
Excavator design
Noise auditing
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if required

Limitation of exposure
Adequate ventilation of work
area
Engine design
Engine maintenance
Fume auditing
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation of work
area
Excavator design
Excavator maintenance
Fume auditing
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation of work
area
Excavator design
Excavator maintenance
Fume auditing
Operating procedure
Excavation sequence to avoid
steep/ overhanging muck
faces
Prohibition of personnel
working adjacent to
steep/overhanging faces
Design of conveyances
Operating procedure
Avoidance of overloading
conveyances
Prohibited zones around
conveyances
Operator competence
Design of excavator
Operating procedure
Prohibited zones around
excavator during operation
Operator competence
Design of conveyors
Maintenance of conveyors
Sizing of muck placed on
conveyors
Inspection after firing
Procedure on discovery of
unshot explosives
Operator vigilance during
excavation
Restriction of equipment
types in portal
Transport procedure in drift
See Explosives Use Section
for Controls
Proper geotechnical study
Proper lining design
Adherence to design
Temporary construction
strengthening of liner
Lining design
Prohibition of heavy traffic
over portal
Adequate design for
conditions
Depressurising arrangements

Lining design
Backfilling design
Adherence to design
Operating procedure
Adherence to design
Quality control of lining
materials
Construction method
Restrictions on use of
flammable materials
Restrictions on storage of
flammable materials
Procedures for passage of
flammable material
Fire fighting provisions
Blast design
Blast execution
Proper geotechnical study
Correct excavation design
Adherence to design
Temporary support methods

Inspection
Drainage system design
System maintenance
Pumping provisions
Failure warning system
Pump system design
Pump system maintenance
Failure warning system
Recognition of flood prone
areas
Catchment assessment
Pluviographic assessment
Location of portals
Adequate drainage
Pumping provisions
Site clearing
Site housekeeping
Location of flammable
materials storage
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Competence
Design of forms
Concrete pouring procedure

Correct operating procedure

Utilisation of suitable
machines
Suitable working surface
Equipment maintenance
Equipment inspection
Competence
Adequate design
Proper assembly
Correct civil preparation of
site
Equipment maintenance
Equipment inspection
Operating procedure
Grout campaign design
Understanding of
groundwater and drainage
regimes
Spillage containment
Pollutant storage
Pollutant treatment
Selection of chemicals
Register of chemicals
Operating procedure
Grout campaign design
Protective equipment to be
worn
Selection of chemicals
Adequate ventilation of
working and mixing areas
Register of chemicals
Specification of hose and
pipes
Specification of grout pumps

Grouting pressure
Protective devices
Physical shielding
Pressure monitoring/relief
Operating procedure
Coupling design
Coupling locks
Grout campaign design
Pressure monitoring relief
Operating procedure
Packer design
Safety chains
Grout campaign design
Pressure monitoring/relief
Operating procedure
Pressure monitoring/relief
Operating procedure
Grout campaign design
Design of shaft lining to resist
grouting pressure
Operating procedure
Limit grouting pressure
Hydrological assessment of       significant incident 16
drift line
Provision of standpipe
blowout protection if high
pressures are expected
Type of drill used
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Provision of standpipe
blowout protection and control

Strata assessment
Emergency egress provision

Design of tipping mechanism

Tripping procedure
Overloading prohibition
Prohibited areas designated
during tipping
Provision of guarding
Tipping procedure
Equipment maintenance
procedure
Prohibited areas designated
during tipping
Provision of guarding
Tipping and landing
procedure
Prohibited areas designated

Provision of guarding
Disposal procedure
Designation of prohibited
areas
Personnel competence
Disposal procedure
Adequate area lighting in dark
hours
Mobile equipment selection
Mobile equipment inspection

Mobile equipment
maintenance
Tipping procedure
Collar sealing/deflection
arrangements
Underground misfire
procedure
Disposal procedure for
misfired material recovered
Operator vigilance
Operating procedure
Slinging and lifting of loads
Location of personnel
Communication
Adequate lighting
Competence
Operating procedure
Shunting procedure
Braking/spragging
arrangements
Design of surface shunts
Operating procedure
Shunting procedure
Braking/spragging
arrangements
Maintenance of equipment
Design of surface shunts
Coupling procedure
Provision of portal drop guard
(warwick)
Provision of portal catch
points
Adequate guarding of stairs
and walkways on headframe

Adequate lighting
Use of harnesses if required

Operating procedure
Competence
Use of harnesses if required

Adequate guarding of
structure edges
Adequate lighting
Explosives loading/transport
procedure


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                                         ELECTRICAL HAZARDS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Auxiliary Fans                  Battery Operated Vehicles   Bolters


                                Continuous Miners and
Continuous Conveyors/FCT                                    Drills
                                Roadheaders

Free Steered Conveying
                                Gas Drainage-Earthing       General - High, Medium and
Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars,
                                Requirements                Low Voltage
Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)

                                                            Longwall/Shortwall
Lighting Requirements           Lightning Protection
                                                            Equipment

Mobile Cutters                  Mobile Loaders              Motor Regeneration


Radio Communication                                         SWER Lines Underground
                                Scrapers
Equipment                                                   Interaction

Ventilation


Sub Activity                    Hazard                      Mechanism
                                Gas Ignition                High Levels Of Gas Plus
Auxiliary Fans                                              Ignition Source
                                Electric Shock              Similar To Mains System


Battery Operated Vehicles
                                Electrocution               Similar To Mains System


Battery Operated Vehicles
                                Gas                         Electric Spark Etc.


Battery Operated Vehicles
                                General Mobile Vehicle      General Mechanical
                                Hazards, Brakes Etc.        Mechanisms

Battery Operated Vehicles
                            Hydrogen Gas Explosion         Release Of Hydrogen From
                                                           Lead Acid Batteries Plus
                                                           Ignition Source




Battery Operated Vehicles
                            Explosion Of Dust During       Major Arc On Bolting Unit In
                            Bolting                        Presence Of Combustible Dust




Bolters
                            Explosion Of Gas During        Damage To Cable Supplying
                            Bolting                        Bolting Unit In Presence Of
                                                           Gas




Bolters
                            Explosion Of Gas During        Fault On Cable Supplying
                            Bolting                        Bolting Unit In Presence Of
                                                           Gas



Bolters
                            Explosion Of Gas During        Internal Arcing Or Sparking In
                            Bolting                        Bolter Ignites Gas
                                                           Accumulation

Bolters
                            Fire Associated With Bolting   Arc Fault Or Sparks In Bolter
                            Activities                     Or Supply Cable Ignite Layer Of
                                                           Gas




Bolters
                           Fire Associated With Bolting    Arc Fault Or Sparks In Bolter
                           Activities                      Or Supply Cable Ignite Layer Of
                                                           Gas




Bolters
                           Fire Associated With Bolting    Overheating Of Unit Supply
                           Activities                      Cable




Bolters
                           Electric Shock/ Electrocution   Failure Of Test Equipment




Cables & Equipment
                           Fire                            Cable Damage


Cables & Equipment
                           Fire                            Equipment Overheating




Cables & Equipment
                           Fire                            Equipment Overload
Cables & Equipment
                           Ignition Of Gas                 Open Sparking From Caplamp
Cap lamps
Caplamps                   Lack Of Illumination Causing    Inadequate Level Of Light
Caplamps                   Lack Of Illumination Causing    Insufficient Capacity Of
                           Explosion Of Dust Along Unit    Major Arc In Unit Or Associated
                                                           Cables In Presence Of
                                                           Combustible Dust




Continuous Conveyors/FCT
                                    Explosion Of Dust Along Unit     Major Arc In Unit Or Associated
                                                                     Cables In Presence Of
                                                                     Combustible Dust




Continuous Conveyors/FCT
                                    Explosion Of Gas Along Unit      Cable Damage During
                                                                     Operation Of Unit In
                                                                     Accumulation Of Gas




Continuous Conveyors/FCT
                                    Explosion Of Gas Along Unit      Cable Fault In Gas
                                                                     Accumulation




Continuous Conveyors/FCT
                                    Explosion Of Gas Along Unit      Internal Electrical Arcing Or
                                                                     Sparking In Unit Ignites Gas
                                                                     Accumulation

Continuous Conveyors/FCT
                                    Fire On Unit                     Accumulation Of Coal Dust/Oil
                                                                     Ignited By Cable Arc




Continuous Conveyors/FCT
                                    Explosion of coal dust at face   Major arc in Continuous Miner
                                                                     or CM cable in presence of
                                                                     combustible dust




Continuous Miners and Roadheaders
                                    Explosion of gas at face         Continuous Miner cable
                                                                     damage in gas accumulation




Continuous Miners and Roadheaders
                                    Explosion of gas at face    Continuous Miner cable
                                                                damage in gas accumulation




Continuous Miners and Roadheaders
                                    Explosion of gas at face    Continuous Miner cable fault in
                                                                gas accumulation




Continuous Miners and Roadheaders
                                    Explosion of gas at face    Internal electrical arcing or
                                                                sparking in CM ignites gas
                                                                accumulation



Continuous Miners and Roadheaders
                                    Fire at face                Accumulations of dust and / or
                                                                oil or other flammable materials
                                                                ignited by a fault on CM
                                                                machine or supply electric
                                                                cables

Continuous Miners and Roadheaders
                                    Fire at face                Overheating of Continuous
                                                                Miner cable




Continuous Miners and Roadheaders
                                    Explosion Of Coal Dust At   Major Arc Fault In Drill/Drill
                                    Face                        Jumbo Or Supply Cable In
                                                                Presence Of Combustible Dust




Drills
                                    Fire At Face                Ignition Of Gas Layer Due To
                                                                Electrical Fault In Drill
Drills
                                     Fire At Face                    Ignition Of Gas Layer From
                                                                     Cable Fault

Drills
                                     Fire At Face                    Overheating Of Trailing Cable
                                                                     On Drill Jumbo Cable Reel




Drills
                                     Ignition Of Gas At Face         Cable Damage On Drill Or Drill
                                                                     Jumbo Cable In Accumulation
                                                                     Of Gas




Drills
                                     Ignition Of Gas At Face         Electrical Fault On Drill Or Drill
                                                                     Jumbo In Gas Accumulation




Drills
Electrical Exploders                 Ignition Of Gas                 Electric Circuits From
                                     Fire                            Failure Of Monitoring Of
                                                                     System
Environmental Monitoring Equipment
                                     Ignition Of Gas                 Open Sparking From
                                                                     Monitoring Equipment




Environmental Monitoring Equipment
                                     Explosion of coal dust on       Explosion of battery pack
                                     wheeling road                   ignites dust




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                     Explosion of coal dust on       Major arc fault in unit or on
                                     wheeling road                   supply cable ignites coal dust




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                    Explosion of coal dust on        Major arc fault in unit or on
                                    wheeling road                    supply cable ignites coal dust




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                    Fire on unit                     Arcing of battery pack




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                    Fire on unit                     Cable fault or damage ignites
                                                                     accumulation of coal dust / oil


Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                    Ignition of gas in wheeling      Arcing inside enclosures in
                                    roads or shunts                  presence of gas




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                    Ignition of gas in wheeling      Shuttle Car cable damage in
                                    roads or shunts                  gas accumulation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                    Ignition of gas in wheeling      Shuttle Car cable fault in gas
                                    roads or shunts                  accumulation




Free Steered Conveying Vehicles (e.g.. Shuttle Cars, Ram Cars, LHD, Scoops)
                                     Ignition Of Gas          Different Electrical Potentials

Gas Drainage-Earthing Requirements
                                     Electrical   Explosion   Environment Factors A)
                                                              Humidity/Moisture B) Lightning
                                                              C) Heat D) Dust

General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                     Electrical   Explosion   Equipment Damage
                                                              Control/Location/ Protection

General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                     Electrical   Explosion   Unrestricted Earth Faults


General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                     Ignition of Gas          Cable Damage




General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                     Ignition of Gas          Electric Arc

General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                     Ignition of Gas          Electric Spark (Normal
General - High, Medium and Low Voltage                        Operation)
                                     Ignition of Gas          Electric Spark (Induction)




General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                    Ignition Of Gas
General - High, Medium and Low Voltage                        Lasers
                                     Ignition Of Gas          Static Electricity


General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                     Impact Falling           Physical Impact As A Result Of
                                                              Electric Shock
General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                   Physical Injury   Burns




General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                   Physical Injury   Equipment Failure
General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                   Physical Injury        Operator Error




General - High, Medium and Low Voltage
                                   General Hazards        Failure Of Communication
                                                          System




General Communications
                                   Dust Explosion         High Energy Discharge
High Voltage (>)
                                   Electrical Explosion   Arc Faults High Energy
                                                          Discharge
High Voltage (>)
                   Electrical Explosion   Uncontrolled High Energy
                                          Discharge




High Voltage (>)
                   Electrical Explosion   Uncontrolled High Energy
                                          Discharge (Fault Levels)




High Voltage (>)
                   Electrocution          Direct Contact




High Voltage (>)
High Voltage (>)
                        Electrocution     Indirect Contact




High Voltage (>)
                        Physical Injury   Inadequate Testing




High Voltage (>)
                        Physical Injury   Lighting Levels Inadequate




Lighting Requirements
                        Physical Injury   Location Incorrect




Lighting Requirements
                               Electrocution                  Indirect Contact




Lightning Protection
                               Ignition Of Gas                Open Sparking On Exposed
                                                              Metalwork Caused By Lightning
                                                              Strikes On The Surface




Lightning Protection
                               Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust Arc Fault On Shearer Or Other
                                                            Cable In Presence Of Gas




Longwall/Shortwall Equipment
                               Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust Internal Electrical Arc Fault In
                                                            Longwall Equipment Ignites
                                                            Gas Accumulation




Longwall/Shortwall Equipment
                               Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust Arc Fault On Cables During
                               On Face                      Installation/ Recovery In
                                                            Presence Of Gas/Dust




Longwall/Shortwall Equipment
                               Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust Arc Fault Within Electric
                               On Face                      Equipment Enclosures During
                                                            Recovery/ Installation In
                                                            Presence Of Gas



Longwall/Shortwall Equipment
                               Fire On Longwall Equipment   Overheating Of Power Cable
                                                            Loops On Pantechnicon




Longwall/Shortwall Equipment
                               Dust Explosion               High Energy Discharge

Low Voltage (<)
                               Electrical Explosion         Uncontrolled High Energy
                                                            Discharge (Fault Levels)




Low Voltage (<)
                               Electrocution                Direct Contact
                        Electrocution          Direct Contact




Low Voltage (<)
                        Electrocution          Indirect Contact




Low Voltage (<)
                        Explosion              Arc Faults




Low Voltage (<)
                        Explosion              Induction


Low Voltage (<)
                        Dust Explosion         High Energy Discharge

Medium Voltage (>, <)
                        Electrical Explosion   Uncontrolled High Energy
                                               Discharge (Fault Levels)
                        Electrical Explosion   Uncontrolled High Energy
                                               Discharge (Fault Levels)




Medium Voltage (>, <)
                        Electrocution          Direct Contact




Medium Voltage (>, <)
                        Electrocution          Indirect Contact




Medium Voltage (>, <)
Medium Voltage (>, <)
                        Explosion                   Arc Faults




Medium Voltage (>, <)
                        Explosion                   Induction


Medium Voltage (>, <)
                        Explosion Of Coal Dust At   Major Arc In Cutter Or Cutter
                        Face                        Cable In Presence Of
                                                    Combustible Dust




Mobile Cutters
                        Explosion Of Gas At Face    Cutter Cable Damage In Gas
                                                    Accumulation




Mobile Cutters
                        Explosion Of Gas At Face    Cutter Cable Fault In Gas
                                                    Accumulation




Mobile Cutters
                        Explosion Of Gas At Face    Internal Electrical Arcing Or
                                                    Sparking In Cutter Ignites Gas
                                                    Accumulation



Mobile Cutters
                 Fire At Face                Accumulations Of Dust And/Or
                                             Oil Or Other Flammable
                                             Materials Ignited By A Fault On
                                             Cutter Machine Or Supply
Mobile Cutters                               Electric Cables
                 Fire At Face                Overheating Of Cutter Cable




Mobile Cutters
                 Explosion Of Coal Dust At   Major Arc In Loader Or Loader
                 Face                        Cable In Presence Of
                                             Combustible Dust




Mobile Loaders
                 Explosion Of Gas At Face    Internal Electrical Arcing Or
                                             Sparking In Loader Ignites Gas
                                             Accumulation



Mobile Loaders
                 Explosion Of Gas At Face    Loader Cable Damage In Gas
                                             Accumulation




Mobile Loaders
                 Explosion Of Gas At Face    Loader Cable Fault In Gas
                                             Accumulation




Mobile Loaders
                 Fire At Face                Accumulations Of Dust And/Or
                                             Oil Or Other Flammable
                                             Materials Ignited By A Fault On
                                             Machine Or Supply Electric
Mobile Loaders                               Cables
                                     Fire At Face                    Accumulations Of Dust And/Or
                                                                     Oil Or Other Flammable
                                                                     Materials Ignited By A Fault On
                                                                     Machine Or Supply Electric
Mobile Loaders                                                       Cables
                                     Fire At Face                    Overheating Of Loader Cable




Mobile Loaders
Motor Regeneration                   Electrocution/ Electric Shock   Direct Contact With Terminals
                                     Gas Ignition                    Spark Caused By "Driven
                                                                     Motor"/ Regeneration Or Stored
                                                                     Energy Devices

Motor Regeneration
                                     Dust Ignition                   Control Failure


PLC Control Systems
                                     Gas Ignition                    Control Failure


PLC Control Systems
                                     Physical Injury                 Control Failure


PLC Control Systems
                                     Fire                            Electrical Equipment Failure
Power Reticulation Underground
Radio Communication Equipment        Burns To Human Body             Microwaves
Radio Communication Equipment        Ignition Of Gas                 Corona Effect
Radio Communication Equipment        Ignition Of Gas                 Overheating Of Antenna
                                     Fires And Explosions            Electrical Fault On Scraper
                                                                     Drive



Scrapers
                                     Fires And Explosions            Fault On Cable Supplying
                                                                     Scraper Drive


Scrapers
                                     Electrocution/ Electric Shock   Touch Potential
SWER Lines Underground Interaction
                                     Prevention Of Detonation Of     Potential Difference In Strata -
SWER Lines Underground Interaction Explosives                        Initiating Shots
                                     Detonation Of Explosives        Rf Output
Test Equipment
                          Detonation Of Explosives     Stray Current




Test Equipment
                          Ignition Of Gas              Electrical Sparking




Test Equipment
                          Ignition Of Gas              Use Of Uncertified Equipment
Test Equipment                                         E.g.. Video Cameras And
                          Interference With Electric   Miscellaneous Test Equipment.
                                                       Rf Output
                          Controls
Test Equipment
                          Fire                         Insulating Medium Ignition
                                                       (Liquid)




Transformers Insulation
                          Smoke                        Insulating Medium Ignition
                                                       (Liquid)
Transformers Insulation
                          Gas Ignition By Electrical   Ventilation Failure
                          Source




Ventilation
                                             Go to
                                     Hierarchy of Controls
ROLS & REFERENCES                               Go to Underground Menu


             Cables & Equipment               Caplamps


                                              Environmental Monitoring
             Electrical Exploders
                                              Equipment


             General Communications           High Voltage (>)



             Low Voltage (<)                  Medium Voltage (>, <)

                                              Power Reticulation
             PLC Control Systems
                                              Underground


             Test Equipment                   Transformers Insulation




             Control                          References
             Monitoring
             Power disconnection
                                              AS 1915-1992 Electrical
                                              equipment for explosive
             In accordance with normal        atmospheres - Battery-
             electrical controls              operated vehicles
                                              AS 1915-1992 Electrical
                                              equipment for explosive
             In accordance with normal        atmospheres - Battery-
             electrical controls              operated vehicles
                                              AS 1915-1992 Electrical
                                              equipment for explosive
             In accordance with normal        atmospheres - Battery-
             electrical controls              operated vehicles
                                              AS 1915-1992 Electrical
             In accordance with normal        equipment for explosive
             electrical controls for mobile   atmospheres - Battery-
             vehicles                         operated vehicles
                                 AS 1915-1992 Electrical
                                 equipment for explosive
                                 atmospheres - Battery-
explosion control                operated vehicles
                                 AS 1915-1992 Electrical
                                 equipment for explosive
Similar controls as per gas      atmospheres - Battery-
(methane)                        operated vehicles
                                 AS 1915-1992 Electrical
                                 equipment for explosive
Ventilation of area where        atmospheres - Battery-
vehicle is used                  operated vehicles
                                 AS 1915-1992 Electrical
                                 equipment for explosive
                                 atmospheres - Battery-
Ventilation plugs on cell        operated vehicles
Adequate ventilation
Allowable dust levels
Dust auditing for combustibles

Electrical protection - fault
limitation
Explosion protected
enclosures
Inertization of dust present
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable handling
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Gas monitoring/inspections
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable repair standards
Cable testing/maintenance
Gas monitoring/inspections
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Explosion protected
enclosures
Gas monitoring/inspections
Detection/monitoring of gas
layers
Explosion protected
enclosures
Machine and cable
maintenance
Operating procedure
Prevention of gas layers
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment

Cable design/selection
Procedure to position excess
cable loops or wraps to
minimise heat build up

Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment

Competence
Earth continuity protection
(testing of trailing cables)
Earth Leakage protection
Earthing
Isolation procedures              safety alert 74
Routine testing
Technical audits
Testing procedures for
energised equipment               safety alert 61
Cable handling
Cable selection and design
Earth fault limitation
Earth leakage protection
Duty cycle
Effective cooling
Equipment design
Maintenance
Overload protection
System design
Thermal protection of
consumer devices
Overload protection
Thermal protection

IS caplamp category i.a. or i.s
Design of caplamp
Lumen output tests
Adequate ventilation
Allowable dust levels
Dust auditing for combustibles

Electrical protection - earth
fault
Explosion protected
enclosures
Inertization of dust present
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable location and handling
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Gas monitoring/inspection
Operating procedure
Unit design
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable repair standards
Cable testing/maintenance
Gas monitoring/inspection
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Explosion protected
enclosures
Gas monitoring/inspection
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Unit housekeeping
Unit maintenance
Use of fire fighting equipment

Adequate ventilation
Allowable dust levels
Cable testing and
maintenance
Dust auditing for combustibles

Electrical protection, earth
fault limitation
Explosion protected
equipment
Inertisation of combustible
dust present
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design / selections
Earth Leakage Protection for
Cables
Gas monitoring / inspection
Operating procedure for cable
location and handling
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design / selection
Cable repairs and standards

Cable testing and
maintenance
Earth Leakage Protection For
cables
Gas monitoring / inspections

Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Continuous Miner shutdown
interlocked to gas monitor
Explosion protected design
Gas monitoring inspections
Cable maintenance
Continuous Miner
housekeeping
Continuous Miner
maintenance
Earth Leakage protection For
Cables
Cable design / selection
Procedure to position excess
cable loops to minimise heat
build up
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment

Allowable dust levels
Dust auditing for combustibles

Electrical protection
Inertization of combustible
dust
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Design of drill
Explosion protection
Adequate ventilation
Cable design/selection
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Limitation of excess cable
wraps on reel
Operating procedure
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment

Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Gas monitoring/inspection
Operating procedure
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Drill design
Explosion protection rating
Gas monitoring/inspection
Maintenance/inspection of
drills
Operator competence
Timed electric cut-off
Alarm for system failure
Back-up electrical supply
System reliability
Competence of installation in
explosion risk zones
Explosion protected power
supplies in
explosion risk zones

Is category 'a' for gas monitors
Battery design
Battery maintenance
Battery protection
Dust auditing for combustibles

Inertisation of dust present
Adequate ventilation
Allowable dust levels
Dust auditing for combustibles
Electrical protection (fault)
Explosion protected
equipment
Inertisation of dust present
Operating procedure
Design of battery system
Housekeeping of unit
Maintenance of unit
Operating procedure
Protection of batteries
Use of fire fighting equipment

Machine design
Machine housekeeping
Machine maintenance
Use of fire fighting equipment

Adequate ventilation
Explosion protected design
Gas monitoring / inspection
Adequate ventilation
Design of battery system
Gas inspection / monitoring
Maintenance of unit
Operating procedure
Protection of batteries
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable inspection /
maintenance
Earth Leakage Cable
Protection
Gas monitoring / inspections

Operating procedures
Operator competence
Shuttle Car maintenance
Adequate ventilation of roads
and shunts
Allowable gas levels
Cable design / selection
Cable repairs
Cable testing / maintenance
Earth Leakage Cable
Protection
Gas monitoring / inspections
Earthing and bonding to each
other and
strata
Equipment design (A,B,C)
Equipment maintenance
Equipment selection criterion
(A,B,C)
IP Rating (A and D)
ARC fault containment
Earth and bonding (B)

Surface overhead line earthing
Earth fault current limitation
Electrical system earth at
surface only
Integrity of earthing
Cable handling
Cable installations
Cable selection and design
Earth continuity (trailing
cables)
Earth fault limitation
Earth leakage protection
Maintenance
Arc fault containment
Earth fault current limitation
Certified explosion protected
equipment                      safety bulletin 43
Bonding
Earthing
Installation/Location
Shielding
Ventilation - monitoring and
tripping
Limit output (3A)
Construction of equipment
Design of equipment
Installation of equipment
Maintenance of equipment
Clothing                       safety alert 92
Codes of practice
Competence
Danger tag
Earth Continuity protection
(trailing cables only)
Earth fault current limitation
Earth Leakage protection
Equipment design
Equipment purchasing
Equipment selection criteria
Isolation procedures
Isolation procedures switching
sheets
Isolation procedures work
sheets
Out of service tags
Safety equipment
System design




Technical audits
Working procedures
1 amp on main switchboard
Clothing
Competence
Danger tag
Equipment design
Equipment purchasing
Equipment selection criteria
Isolation procedures
Isolation procedures switching
sheets
Isolation procedures work
sheets
Out of service tags
Safety equipment -earth
leakage protection
Technical audits
Building design/layout
Clothing
Competence
Danger tag
Drawings
Earth Continuity protection
(trailing cables only)
Earth Fault current limitation
Earth Leakage protection
Equipment design
Equipment purchasing
Equipment selection criteria
Isolation procedures
Isolation procedures switching
sheets
Isolation procedures work
sheets
Maintenance procedures
Operating procedure
Out of service tags
Over Current protection
Routine testing
Security control systems

Security PC & PLC software
System design
Technical audits
Testing of energised
equipment
Competence
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria
Interlocking
Operating procedure
Out of service tags

Security PC & PLC software
System design
Technical audits
Testing procedures of
energised equipment
Cable selection
Competence of installers and
maintainers
Personnel training in operating
the system
Reliability of system
Routine system testing
Equipment design
Equipment selection

Circuit breaker discrimination
Competence
Control voltage limitation
(110V remote wiring)

Danger tag
Earth Continuity protection
(trailing cables only)
Earth Fault current limitation
Earth Leakage protection
Equipment design
Equipment purchasing
Equipment selection criteria
Interlocking
Isolation procedures
Isolation procedures switching
sheets
Isolation procedures work
sheets
Maintenance procedures
Notices
Out of service tags
Over Current protection
Restricted areas
Technical audits
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria
Interlocking

Location (physical protection)
Maintenance procedures
Notices
Protection design power
system studies
Protection design protection
settings
Restricted areas
Routine testing
Competence
Exclusion of foreign objects
(IP Rating)
Isolation procedures
Security control systems
Technical audits

Workplace/job familiarisation
Competence
Control voltage limitation
Earthing
Equipment design
First Aid training
Interlocking
Isolation procedures

Location (physical protection)
Notices
Restricted areas
Security of control systems

Security of PC & PLC software
Selection, use, testing and
maintenance of safety
equipment                         significant incident 61
Technical audits

Workplace/job familiarisation

Circuit breaker discriminations
Competence
Control voltage limitation
(110V) remote wiring
Earth Continuity protection
(trailing cables only)
Earth fault current limitation
Earth Leakage protection
Earthing
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria
Interlocking
Isolation procedures
Notices
Regular update of drawings
Routine testing

Selection and use of Personal
Protective Equipment
Technical audits
Codes of practice
Competence
Earth continuity protection
(trailing cables only)
Earth Leakage protection
Equipment selection criteria
including testing equipment
Isolation procedures
Technical audits
Adequate lighting where
people frequent often or
regularly. Permanent
machinery and electric
switchgear are installed not
including?
Adequate lighting where
people frequent often or
regularly. Permanent
machinery and electric
switchgear are installed not
including?
Earthing and bonding of all
exposed underground metal
structure including pipe work
prior to going underground

With overhead power supplies
to the mine portal, install
arresters on overhead lines
prior to going underground
Integrity of substation earthing
system
With overhead power supplies
to the mine portal, install
arresters and earth wires on
overhead lines prior to going
underground

Earthing and bonding of all
exposed underground metal
structure including pipe work
prior to going underground
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable repair standards
Cable testing/maintenance
Gas monitoring/inspection
Monitor interlock to power
supply
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels



Explosion protected design
Gas monitoring/inspections
Interlocking of monitor and
power supply
Allowable gas/dust levels
Cable protection - earth
leakage, earth fault
Dust monitoring for
combustibles
Gas monitoring/inspection
Inertization of dust
Operating procedure for cable
handling
Adequate ventilation
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas/dust levels
Dust monitoring for
combustibles
Explosion protected design
Gas monitoring/inspection
Inertization of dust
Procedure to position cable
loops on pantechnicon to
minimise heat build up
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment

Dust control
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria

Circuit breaker discrimination
Competence of installation
and
Equipment design

Equipment selection criterion
                                 AS 60529 Degrees of
Exclusion of foreign objects     protection provided by
(I.P rating)                     enclosures (IP Code)
Interlocking
Isolation procedures

Location (physical protection)
maintenance personnel
Notices
Operating procedures
Protection design
Protection setting
Restricted areas
Routine testing
System design (fault levels)
Technical audits
Testing procedures for
energised equipment
Competence
Control voltage limitation for
remote wiring
Earth continuity protection
(trailing cables only)
Earth Leakage protection 30
ma (240V GPO)??
Earthing
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria
Interlocking
Isolation procedures
Notices and signs
Restricted areas
Routine testing
Security of control systems

Security of PC & PLC software
Technical audits
Testing procedures for
energised equipment

Circuit breaker discriminations
Competence of installation
and
Earth fault current limitation
Earthing
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria
maintenance personnel
Regular update of drawings
Routine testing
Technical audits
Determination of hazardous
area (HA)
Install hazardous area
equipment (HAE)
Remove electrical equipment
from HA
Render area non-hazardous
Earthing and bonding
Equipment design
Equipment location
Screening
Dust control
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria

Circuit breaker discrimination
Competence of installation
and
Equipment design
Equipment selection criterion
                                  AS 60529 Degrees of
Exclusion of foreign objects      protection provided by
(I.P rating)                      enclosures (IP Code)
Interlocking
Isolation procedures

Location (physical protection)
maintenance personnel
Notices and signs
Operating procedures
Protection design
Protection setting
Restricted areas
Routine testing
System design (fault levels)
Technical audits
Testing procedures for
energised equipment
Competence
Control voltage limitation for
remote wiring
Earth continuity protection
(trailing cables only)            safety alert 43
Earth Leakage protection
30ma (240V GPO)??
Earthing
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria
Interlocking
Isolation procedures
Notices and signs
Restricted areas
Routine testing
Security of control systems

Security of PC & PLC software
Technical audits
Testing procedures for
energised equipment

Circuit breaker discriminations
Competence of installation
and maintenance personnel
Earth fault current limitation
Earthing
Equipment design
Equipment selection criteria
Regular update of drawings
Routine testing
Technical audits
Determination of hazardous
area (HA)
Install hazardous area
equipment (HAE)
Remove electrical equipment
from HA
Render area non-hazardous
Earthing and bonding
Equipment design
Equipment location
Screening
Adequate ventilation
Allowable dust levels
Dust auditing for combustibles

Electrical protection - earth
fault limitation
Explosion protected
equipment
Inertization of combustible
dust present
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable protection
Gas monitoring/inspection
Operating procedure for cable
location and handling
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Cable repair and standards
Cable testing and
maintenance
Gas monitoring/inspection
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cutter shutdown interlocked to
gas monitor
Explosion protected design
Gas monitoring/inspections
Cable maintenance
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Cutter housekeeping
Cutter maintenance
Cable design/selection
Procedure to position excess
cable loops to minimise heat
build up
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment

Adequate ventilation
Allowable dust levels
Dust auditing
Electrical protection - earth
fault limitation
Explosion protected
equipment
Inertization of combustible
dust present
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Explosion protected design
Gas monitoring/inspections
Loader shutdown interlocked
to gas monitor
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Gas monitoring/inspection
Operating procedure for cable
location and handling
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Cable design/selection
Cable repair and standards
Cable testing and
maintenance
Gas monitoring/inspection
Cable maintenance
Cable protection - earth
leakage
Loader housekeeping
Loader maintenance
Cable design/selection
Procedure to position excess
cable loops to minimise heat
build up
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment

Testing procedures
Operation and maintenance
procedures
Installation of shorting
contactor
Notice and signs
Failsafe design
Operational procedures and
control for security and
integrity
Failsafe design
Operational procedures and
control for security and
integrity
Failsafe design
Operational procedures and
control for security and
integrity
Earth fault current limitation
General electrical protection
Limit power output to 8W
Limit power output to 8W
Limit power output to 8W
Adequate ventilation
Equipment inspection and
Explosion protected design
maintenance
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Cable and fault protection
Cable maintenance/inspection

Design/selection of cables

Bonding and earthing systems
Stray current tests
Shot firing procedures
Explosives Use Procedures
Limit power output to 8 W
Bonding
Earthing
Shielding
Strata
Testing for current
Correct testing equipment
Establish a NERZ
Gas monitoring

Reduce potential for windrush
Risk assessment
Testing procedures
Establish a NERZ
Risk assessment
Limit power output
Screening of equipment
Unique control system
Containment by bunding
Containment by fogging
                                 AS/NZS 4871 Electrical
                                 equipment for coal mines, for
Electrical protection            use underground
Location
Location monitoring

Use non-flammable medium
Ventilation
Fogging
Use non-flammable medium
Ventilation
Disconnection of electrical
supplies to all areas affected
by ventilation failures (does
not include Ex.ia and Ex.is
equipment)
Provision of standby
ventilation system
Testing of standby ventilation
system


                                                                 Go to top of page
                                    EXPLOSIVE MIXTURE SOURCE HAZARDS
         Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Flammable gas / combustible         Flammable gas accumulating at
dust accumulating at the face       the face

Flammable gas accumulation



Hazard                              Mechanism
Flammable gas / combustible dust    Coal/combustible dust present
accumulating at the face




Flammable gas accumulating at the   Failure to adequately capture
face                                methane
Flammable gas accumulating at the   Flammable gas from pressurised gas
face                                cylinders




Flammable gas accumulating at the   Hydrogen from battery
face
Flammable gas accumulating at the   Inappropriate control of ventilation
face                                and circulation problems




Flammable gas accumulating at the   Methane escape from drainage range
face
Flammable gas accumulating at the   Methane from sealed area
face




Flammable gas accumulating at the   Methane from seam or strata
face
Flammable gas accumulating at the   Migration of gas from goaf
face




Flammable gas accumulating at the   Roof cavity and floor depression
face                                effects




Flammable gas accumulating at the   Vaporised oils and fuels coming into
face                                contact with hot metal
Flammable gas accumulating at the    Vaporised oils and fuels coming into
face                                 contact with hot metal




Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Air introduced via subsidence or
goaf                                  boreholes or cracks




Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Damaged or ineffective stoppings &
goaf                                  seals
Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Distillation gas from heating of coal
goaf                                  (spontaneous combustion)




Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Failure to seal
goaf




Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Introduction of oxygen caused by air
goaf                                  flow patterns




Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Methane post-drainage causing O2
goaf                                  ingress
Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Migration of atmosphere through
goaf                                  stoppings & seals




Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Pillar failure allowing oxygen ingress
goaf




Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Pressure differential causing oxygen
goaf                                  ingress
Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Seam gas evolution, including
goaf                                  adjacent seams




Flammable gas mixture and coal dust   Flammable atmosphere of methane-
suspension accumulating at face       coal dust-air




Flammable gas accumulation            Confined space gas generated
VE MIXTURE SOURCE HAZARDS
CHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                           Go to Underground Menu


              Flammable gas mixture accumulating in Flammable gas mixture and coal dust
              goaf                                  suspension accumulating at face

                                                                            Go to
                                                                    Hierarchy of Controls

              Control                                    References
              cutting direction/speed                    Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                                         Conference 1988
              extraction system for dust                 25th International Conference of Safety in
                                                         Mines Research
              homotropal ventilation                     Institutes 1991
                                                         Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
              inertisation of goaf                       New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
                                                         1992                              Proceedings
              pick maintenance                           of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                                         Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
              removal of dust                            21st International
                                                         Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
              surfactants                                Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                                         22nd International
              trickle dusting                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                                         Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
              washing of longwall supports               Face 1981

              water infusion

              water suppression

              audit and review                           Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                                         Conference 1988
                                                         25th International Conference of Safety in
              design-system, pump, procedures, control   Mines Research
              system                                     Institutes 1991
                                                         Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
              drainage time pre-mining/measurement of
                                                         New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
              residual content
                                                         1992                               Proceedings
              gas management plans                       of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                                         Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                                         21st International
              improved standards                         Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                                         Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                                         22nd International
                                                         Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                                         Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                                         Face 1981
                                            1992                               Proceedings
                                            of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            21st International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            22nd International
installation and maintenance
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                            Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
pressure sensors                            Face 1981


system monitoring


Limitation of use                            Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                             Conference 1988
                                             Working Smarter 1991
                                             25th International Conference of Safety in
                                             Mines Research
                                             Institutes 1991
procedures
                                             Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
                                             New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
                                             1992                               Proceedings
                                             of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                             Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
restrictions on cylinder size                21st International
                                             Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                             Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                             22nd International
                                             Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
use of acetylene in face areas-protection of Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
equipment (evaluation of oxyacetylene)       Face 1981




Battery design                              Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                            Conference 1988
                                            Working Smarter 1991
                                            25th International Conference of Safety in
                                            Mines Research
                                            Institutes 1991
                                            Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
no charging at the face                     New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
                                            1992                               Proceedings
                                            of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            21st International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            22nd International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                            Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                            Face 1981
                                            1992                               Proceedings
                                            of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            21st International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            22nd International
Operating procedures
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                            Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                            Face 1981




appointment of ventilation officer          Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                            Conference 1988
competency of personnel/training            Working Smarter 1991
directional airflow monitoring              25th International Conference of Safety in
                                            Mines Research
equipment monitoring                        Institutes 1991
                                            Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
improved standards
                                            New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
mine design                                 1992                               Proceedings
                                            of the 23rd International Conference 1989
mining method                               Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            21st International
operational procedures
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
requirement for regular total ventilation   Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
survey                                      22nd International
requirement full ventilation simulation     Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
before commencement                         Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
safety management plans - gas/ventilation
management                                  Face 1981
Standards for ventilation

ventilation design

alternative materials                       safety alert 96


automatic shutdown systems                  Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                            Conference 1988
improved standards                          Working Smarter 1991
                                            25th International Conference of Safety in
methane drainage safety plan, including     Mines Research
risk assessment                             Institutes 1991
Operating procedures dealing with methane Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
drainage installation                       New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
                                            1992                               Proceedings
optimum location-return airway, low traffic
                                            of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
protective coatings                         21st International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
quality control-materials, design,          Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
installation; design to withstand different 22nd International
types of impacts                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                            Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                            Face 1981
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            21st International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            22nd International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
safe working procedures                     Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                            Face 1981




system identification                       safety alert 95
development and introduction of approved    Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
standards for sealing operations improved   Conference 1988
design.                                     Working Smarter 1991
                                            25th International Conference of Safety in
Limits on Gas Concentration in Intake       Mines Research
Airways                                     Institutes 1991
                                            Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
                                            New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
positive pressures
                                            1992                               Proceedings
                                            of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
safety management plans                     21st International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            22nd International
seal design                                 Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                            Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                            Face 1981
seal maintenance



gas management plans                     Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                         Conference 1988
                                         Working Smarter 1991
improved standards                       25th International Conference of Safety in
                                         Mines Research
                                         Institutes 1991
methane drainage
                                         Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
                                         New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
methane drainage management plans        1992                               Proceedings
                                         of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                         Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
prohibition of certain mining methods in 21st International
particular conditions                    Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                         Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
Requirements for methane drainage under
                                         22nd International
specified circumstances (pre-mining and
                                         Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
during mining)
                                         Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
sequence of mining                       Face 1981
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            22nd International
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                            Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                            Face 1981

Use Non- Caving Mining Methods



Appropriate ventilation practices           Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                            Conference 1988
                                            Working Smarter 1991
improved standards
                                            25th International Conference of Safety in
                                            Mines Research
inertisation                                Institutes 1991
                                            Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
Methane leaching                            New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
                                            1992                               Proceedings
                                            of the 23rd International Conference 1989
mine layout - direction of extraction       Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            21st International
pre- and post mining gas drainage           Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                            22nd International
support design
                                            Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                            Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
ventilation / gas management plans          Face 1981


Work of ventilation officers


appropriate longwall shield pressures        Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                             Conference 1988
                                             Working Smarter 1991
auxiliary ventilation devices
                                             25th International Conference of Safety in
                                             Mines Research
design, evaluation and review of ventilation Institutes 1991
systems                                      Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
                                             New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
enhanced geotechnical prediction
                                             1992                               Proceedings
                                             of the 23rd International Conference 1989
geotechnical mapping                         Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                             21st International
                                             Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
improved ventilation modelling techniques
                                             Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                             22nd International
injection grouting                           Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                             Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
pre-mining geological evaluation             Face 1981


standard operating procedures


design guidelines                           Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                            Conference 1988
                                            Working Smarter 1991
                                            25th International Conference of Safety in
                                            Mines Research
                                            Institutes 1991
                                            Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
                                            New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
                                            1992                              Proceedings
                                             Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                             Conference 1988
fire suppression Safety management plans Working Smarter 1991
                                             25th International Conference of Safety in
                                             Mines Research
fire suppression systems
                                             Institutes 1991
                                             Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
maintenance                                  New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
                                             1992                               Proceedings
procedures-refuelling, storage               of the 23rd International Conference 1989
                                             Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
prohibition of some solvents                 21st International
                                             Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
promote use of non-flammable oils            Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                             22nd International
                                             Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
provision of fire fighting equipment
                                             Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
                                             Face 1981
Specification of flash point of fuel for non
petrol engines
training

records of bore logs and review of ground   Recent Developments in Underground Coal
water profile                               Mining in the
                                            Bowen Basin 1993
Require total sealing of some boreholes     25th International Conference of Safety in
                                            Mines Research
                                            Institutes 1993
requirement to seal boreholes               Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
                                            Conference 1996
                                            Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
Safety Management Plans                     Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
                                            Technique in
                                            Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
select non-caving methods                   Collieries                             Gas in
                                            Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas

audits                                     Recent Developments in Underground Coal
Automatic monitoring of seals              Mining in the
                                           Bowen Basin 1993
Development and introduction of approved 25th International Conference of Safety in
standards for sealing operations           Mines Research
fewer seals                                Institutes 1993
                                           Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
Improved design                            Conference 1996
Induced inertisation                       Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
Inspection                                 Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
Repairs                                    Technique in
                                           Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
Requirement for risk assessment as part of
                                           Collieries                           Gas in
design
                                           Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas
Standard working procedures
Flooding and natural inertisation           Recent Developments in Underground Coal
                                            Mining in the
Good ventilation design                     Bowen Basin 1993
Induced atmosphere inertisation and         25th International Conference of Safety in
flooding                                    Mines Research
Monitoring                                  Institutes 1993
                                            Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
Spontaneous Combustion Management
                                            Conference 1996
Plan
audit of system/risk assessments/design     ChapterDevelopments in Underground Coal
                                            Recent 7. Ignitions by Flames
basis                                       Mining in the
competence of personnel                     Bowen Basin 1993
                                            25th International Conference of Safety in
independent assessment                      Mines Research
                                            Institutes 1993
                                            Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
inspection and checking
                                            Conference 1996
                                            Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
management practices-safe operating         Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
procedures                                  Technique in
review of sealing requirements              Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
                                            Collieries                             Gas in
single heading development methods -        Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas
elimination of cut-throughs in gate-roads
face support design, configuration and       Recent Developments in Underground Coal
movement                                     Mining in the
                                             Bowen Basin 1993
induced inertisation and flooding            25th International Conference of Safety in
                                             Mines Research
                                             Institutes 1993
more detailed ventilation analysis           Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
particularly partial extraction other goaf   Conference 1996
areas                                        Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
real time ventilation monitoring and control Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
                                             Technique in
                                             Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
ventilation design                           Collieries                             Gas in
                                             Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas

automatic monitoring and subsequent     Recent Developments in Underground Coal
actions if problem is detected          Mining in the
                                        Bowen Basin 1993
                                        25th International Conference of Safety in
Gas Management Plan and Methane         Mines Research
Drainage Plan (Safety Management Plans) Institutes 1993
                                        Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
                                        Conference 1996
Inspections and Audits                  Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
                                        Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
                                        Technique in
                                        Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
                                        Collieries                             Gas in
                                        Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas
                                             Institutes 1993
                                             Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
                                             Conference 1996
                                             Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
                                             Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
                                             Technique in
                                             Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
Redundancy in detection systems-
                                             Collieries                           Gas in
especially separate control and
                                             Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas
alarm/shutdown systems

audits                                       Recent Developments in Underground Coal
                                             Mining in the
                                             Bowen Basin 1993
automatic monitoring of seals
                                             25th International Conference of Safety in
                                             Mines Research
development systems for fewer seals          Institutes 1993
                                             Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
                                             Conference 1996
fewer seals                                  Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
                                             Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
inspection                                   Technique in
                                             Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
                                             Collieries                             Gas in
requirement for risk assessment as part of   Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas
design
evaluation, planning and design              Recent Developments in Underground Coal
                                             Mining in the Bowen Basin 1993
                                             25th International Conference of Safety in
                                             Mines Research Institutes 1993
increase support (pillar size)               Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
                                             Conference 1996
                                             Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
injection grouting                           Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
                                             Technique in
                                             Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
                                             Collieries                             Gas in
Inspections                                  Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas



approved standards for seals                 Recent Developments in Underground Coal
                                             Mining in the
                                             Bowen Basin 1993
Balancing ventilation across the goaf        25th International Conference of Safety in
                                             Mines Research
monitoring of seals                          Institutes 1993
                                             Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
                                             Conference 1996
Monitoring of ventilation                    Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
                                             Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
                                             Technique in
Safety Management Plans                      Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
                                             Collieries                             Gas in
well designed ventilation system for mine    Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas
auxiliary ventilation                           Recent Developments in Underground Coal
                                                Mining in the
good ventilation design                         Bowen Basin 1993
induced inertisation and flooding               25th International Conference of Safety in
                                                Mines Research
non-caving (mining-first workings only)         Institutes 1993
                                                Proceedings of Coal Industry Safety
physical inspection
                                                Conference 1996
post-mining methane drainage                    Chapter 7. Ignitions by Flames
                                                Development of a Goaf Pipe Gas Sampling
pre-mining methane drainage                     Technique in
                                                Detecting Spontaneous Combustion in
pressure balancing
                                                Collieries                             Gas in
requirement for monitoring                      Australian Coals : a Symposium on Seam Gas

Safety Management Plans

ventilation of goaf in caving systems (use of
bleeder systems)
ventilation/partial extraction

water flooding and natural inertisation
(CO2)
cable, airline maintenance                      Proceedings of the Seventh Annual
                                                Conference 1988
control of gas cylinder handling, storage       25th International Conference of Safety in
and usage                                       Mines Research
                                                Institutes 1991
control on use of explosives
                                                Mine Safety and Health Congress 1987
                                                New Technology in Mine Health and Safety
dust suppression                                1992                              Proceedings
                                                of the 23rd International Conference 1989
gas detection                                   Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
                                                21st International
Improved dust suppression techniques.           Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
                                                Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the
partial extraction to prevent goaf fall         22nd International
                                                Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1988
                                                Prediction of Gas Emission from Longwall
Safety management plans
                                                Face 1981

trickle dusting

ventilation

Ventilation, maintenance, regular inspection Safety Alert 280
Go to top of page
                                                          EXPLOSIVE USE HAZARDS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

Blast injuries to personnel in            Destabilisation of roof, sides supports
adjacent working places                   and/or structures

Ignition of coal dust by shotfiring       Ignition Of Gas At Face


Personnel contact with
                                          Personnel contact with circulating
accumulation of noxious
                                          noxious shotfiring fumes
shotfiring fumes

Unexpected detonation                     Unexpected Explosion


Hazard                                    Mechanism
Blast injuries to personnel in adjacent   Blast effects
working places




Destabilisation of roof, sides supports   Blast effects
and/or structures




Fire At Face                              Misuse Of Or Mishap With Explosives

Formation of excessive noxious fumes      ADVERSE GROUND CONDITIONS IN
                                          WHICH EXPLOSIVES ARE PLACED

Formation of excessive noxious fumes      DETERIORATION OF EXPLOSIVE DUE
                                          TO STORAGE CONDITIONS
Formation of excessive noxious fumes   DETERIORATION OF EXPLOSIVE DUE
                                       TO STORAGE CONDITIONS




Formation of excessive noxious fumes   INADEQUATE EXPLOSIVE REACTION




Formation of excessive noxious fumes   INADEQUATE MANUFACTURING
                                       QUALITY CONTROL

Ignition of coal dust by shotfiring    BLOWN OUT SHOT




Ignition of coal dust by shotfiring    COMBUSTIBLE DUST ACCUMULATION
                                       AT AND NEAR SHOTFIRING LOCATION


Ignition of coal dust by shotfiring    DURATION OF SHOT




Ignition Of Gas At Face                Misuse Of Or Mishap With Explosives

Ignition of gas by shotfiring          BLOWN OUT SHOT




Ignition of gas by shotfiring          DURATION OF SHOT
Ignition of gas by shotfiring            DURATION OF SHOT




Ignition of gas by shotfiring            FLAMMABLE GAS ACCUMULATION AT
                                         AND NEAR SHOTFIRING LOCATION




Ignition of gas by shotfiring            INCENDIVE EXPLOSIVES




Initiation of fire by shotfiring         BLOWN OUT SHOT




Initiation of fire by shotfiring         DURATION OF SHOT




Initiation of fire by shotfiring         PRESENCE OF FLAMMABLE
                                         MATERIAL AT OR NEAR SHOTFIRING
                                         LOCATION


Initiation of fire by shotfiring         USE OF HIGH TEMPERATURE
                                         DEFLAGRATING TYPE EXPLOSIVES


Personnel contact with accumulation of   INADEQUATE VENTILATION OF BLAST
noxious shotfiring fumes                 AREA




Personnel contact with circulating       FUMES TRANSPORTED TO OTHER
noxious shotfiring fumes                 WORKING PLACES BY VENTILATION
                                         CURRENT
Personnel contact with circulating      FUMES TRANSPORTED TO OTHER
noxious shotfiring fumes                WORKING PLACES BY VENTILATION
                                        CURRENT




Personnel injuries from blast           BLAST OVERPRESSURE
overpressure




Personnel injuries from fragments and   FLYING OBJECTS PROPELLED BY
flyrock                                 BLAST




Unexpected detonation                   CHEMICAL REACTION OF
                                        EXPLOSIVES WITH CHARGED
                                        GROUND




UNEXPECTED DETONATION                   DRILLING, CUTTING OR LOADING
                                        MATERIAL CONTAINING MISFIRED
                                        EXPLOSIVES




Unexpected detonation                   INCORRECT LOADING PROCEDURE




Unexpected detonation                   INCORRECT PRIMER PREPARATION




Unexpected detonation                   INCORRECT SELECTION OF
                                        EXPLOSIVE TYPE TO SUIT UNUSUAL
                                        GROUND CONDITIONS (SUCH AS HOT
                                        GROUND)
Unexpected detonation                   INDUCTIVE INITIATION
Unexpected detonation   INDUCTIVE INITIATION




Unexpected detonation   LACK OF QUALITY CONTROL DURING
                        MANUFACTURE

Unexpected detonation   MISHAP DURING TEMPORARY
                        UNDERGROUND STORAGE




Unexpected detonation   PERSONNEL INCOMPETENCE

Unexpected detonation   ROUGH HANDLING OF DETONATOR




Unexpected detonation   ROUGH HANDLING OF PRIMER
                        (DURING TRANSPORT PREPARATION,
                        CHARGING AND DEALING WITH
                        MISFIRES)



Unexpected detonation   STABILITY DETERIORATION DUE TO
                        AGE
Unexpected detonation   STATIC ELECTRICITY BUILD UP




Unexpected detonation   STRAY CURRENT INITIATION




Unexpected detonation   TAMPERING BY PERSONNEL




Unexpected detonation   TRANSPORT MISHAP




Unexpected Explosion    Misuse Of Or Mishap With Explosives
                                                                           Go to
PLOSIVE USE HAZARDS                                                Hierarchy of Controls
RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                   Go to Underground Menu


                                                           Formation of excessive noxious
              Fire At Face
                                                           fumes

              Ignition of gas by shotfiring                Initiation of fire by shotfiring


              Personnel injuries from blast                Personnel injuries from
              overpressure                                 fragments and flyrock




              Control                                      References
              Accurate survey and measurement of
              places
              Blast design
              Competence
              Establish adjacent personnel presence
              Evacuation of personnel in adjacent places

              Operating procedure
              Restriction of access
              Sufficient barrier thickness
              Blast design
              Competence
              Inspection after shot
              Operational procedure
              Protection of structures
              Restoration of support after shot
              Restriction of access
              Support/structure design
              See Use of explosives For Controls When      Guidance note - Handling Explosives
              Using Explosives                             (Underground) - QGN11 (PDF, 412kB)
              Competence
              Establish ground conditions                  safety alert 89
              Selection of explosive type
              Competence
              Purchasing procedure
              Stock auditing
              Stock rotation                               AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                                           transport and use
Storage facilities design                     AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                              transport and use
Storage procedures
Competence
Issuing procedure                             AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                              transport and use
Limitation of quantity stored
Receival procedure
Stock auditing
Stock rotation                                AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                              transport and use
Storage procedure                             AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                              transport and use
Adequate tamping
Blast design
Check condition of explosive before use
Competence
Initiation method
Loading procedure
Priming procedure
Selection of explosive type
Audits of quality
Purchasing procedure
Quality assurance
Adequate tamping
Blast design
Competence
Loading procedure
Operating procedure
Shot placement
Competence
Inertization of dust present
Inspection for presence prior to initiation
Operating procedure
Blast design
Competence
Limitation of duration
Limitation of firing pulse
See Explosives Use Section for Controls
When Using Explosives
Adequate tamping
Blast design
Charging procedure
Competence
Loading procedure
Shot placement
Blast design
Competence
Limitation of duration of shot
Limitation of firing pulse
Adequate ventilation of site
Competence
consequent to shotfiring
Determination of presence prior to initiation

Inspection after shot
Loading procedure in gassy holes
Minimal disruption to ventilation
Restoration of ventilation after shotfiring
Competence
Detonator type
Explosive type
Loading, tamping and firing procedure
Purchasing procedure
Adequate tamping
Blast design
Charge quantity limit
Competence
Loading procedure
Operating procedure
Shot placement
Blast design
Competence
Limitation of duration
Limitation of firing pulse
Competence
Inspection of site
Operating procedure
Removal of flammable material from site

Competence
Purchasing procedures
Selection of explosive type
Stock audit procedures
Competence
Evacuation of personnel
Fume dilution time
Operating procedure
Prevention of inadvertent entry
Restoration of ventilation after shots
Ventilation controls
Ventilation design
Ventilation inspection after shot
Ventilation inspection prior to shot
Competence
Degree of dilution of gases
Evacuation of personnel
Location of adjacent personnel
Location of shotfiring
Shotfiring procedure
Ventilation design
Blast design
Competence
Evacuation of nearby personnel
Inspection of adjacent area prior to blast
Operating procedure
Restriction of access
Blast design
Competence
Establish nearby personnel presence
Evacuation of nearby personnel
Housekeeping
Operating procedure
Restriction of access
Competence
Misfire procedure                            AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                             transport and use
Misfire reporting
Operating procedure
Selection of explosive types
Competence                                   significant incident 51
Inspection after firing                      significant incident 51
Misfire procedure                            AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                             transport and use
Misfire reporting
Operating procedure                          significant incident 51
Operator vigilance
Access limitation
Competence
Operating procedure
Tools used                                   AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                             transport and use
Access limitation
Competence
Location of preparation
Operating procedure
Tools provided                               AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                             transport and use
Blast design                                 AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                             transport and use
Competence
Selection of explosive types
Competence
Container used
Handling procedure
Loading procedure
Location of radio transmitters
R.F. output                      AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                 transport and use
Type of radio transmitters
Competence
Purchasing procedure
Quality control
Access limitation
Audit procedure
Competence
Container security
Container used
Excess return
Operating procedure
Safe location for storage
Separation of explosive type     AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                 transport and use
Competence
Proper supervision
Access limitation
Competence
Container used
Misfire procedure
Operating procedure
Transport arrangements
Access limitation
Competence                       safety alert 62
Container used
Misfire procedure
Operating procedure
Transport arrangements
Competence
Disposal procedure               AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                 transport and use
Purchasing procedure
Receival procedure
Stock auditing
Stock rotation                   AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                 transport and use
Competence
Disposal procedure               AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                 transport and use
Separation of explosive type     AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                 transport and use
Stock auditing
Storage facilities design                   AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                            transport and use
Storage facilities maintenance              AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                            transport and use
Storage procedures                          AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                            transport and use
Antistatic charging hose
Competence
Earthing procedure
Handling procedure
Loading procedure
Method of initiation
Recognition of static build up phenomenon

Storage location
Transport procedure
Competence
Container used
Earthing and isolation electrical
equipment/apparatus
Electrical storm precautions
Firing procedure
Hazard recognition                          AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                            transport and use
Loading procedure
Primer handling procedure
Access limitation
Container security                          AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                            transport and use
Storage security                            AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                            transport and use
Competence
Container used
Operating procedure
Separation of explosive type                AS 2187 Explosives - Storage,
                                            transport and use
Transport vehicle design
See Explosives Use Section for Controls
When Using Explosives

                                                                            Go to top of page
Go to top of page
                                                    FIRE HAZARDS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Fire                      Ignition Of Chemical Substance


Hazard                    Mechanism
Fire                      Chemical Reaction




Fire                      Frictional Heating




Fire                      Spontaneous Combustion




Fire                      Uncontrolled Heat Source In Building




Fire                      Uncontrolled Use Of Flammable Gas




Fire                      Uncontrolled Use Of Flammable Liquid
Fire                             Uncontrolled Use Of Flammable Liquid




Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Arc




Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Friction

Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Impact




Ignition Of Chemical Substance   Open Flame




Ignition Of Flammable Liquid     Arc


Ignition Of Flammable Liquid     Friction




Ignition Of Flammable Liquid     Impact




Ignition Of Flammable Liquid     Open Flame




Ignition Of Gas                  Arc/Sparking
Ignition Of Gas   Friction




Ignition Of Gas   Impact




Ignition Of Gas   Open Flame
                                                                            Go to
    FIRE HAZARDS                                                    Hierarchy of Controls

SMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                        Go to Underground Menu


              Ignition Of Flammable Liquid           Ignition Of Gas


              Control                                References
              Competence
              Disposal
              Quantity
              Safe storage
              Competence
              Design
              Housekeeping
              Inspection
              Monitoring
              Preventive maintenance
              Competence
              Fire fighting equipment
              Isolation
              Monitoring
              Risk assessment
              Stockpile management
              Automatic fire suppression             AS 1851 Maintenance of fire
                                                     protection systems and equipment
              Building construction
              Early warning detection
              Housekeeping
              Provision of fire fighting equipment
              Regular tests of F.F equip
              Competence
              Fire fighting equipment
              Fire suppression system
              Housekeeping
              Location
              Quantities
              Storage                                Petroleum and Gas (Production and
                                                     Safety) Act 2004
              Competence
              Fire fighting equipment
              Fire suppression system
              Housekeeping
Location                                 AS 1940 The storage and handling of
                                         flammable and combustible liquids

Quantities
Storage                                  AS 1940 The storage and handling of
                                         flammable and combustible liquids

Provision of fire protection equipment
Risk assessment
Storage                                  AS 3780 The storage and handling of
                                         corrosive substances
Inspection and maintenance
Risk assessment
Storage                                  AS 3780 The storage and handling of
                                         corrosive substances
Transport, Dangerous Goods Act           AS 1678 Emergency procedure
                                         guide - Transport
Housekeeping
Provision of fire protection equipment
Risk assessment
Storage                                  AS 3780 The storage and handling of
                                         corrosive substances
Provision of fire protection equipment
Risk assessment
Storage
Inspection and maintenance
Risk assessment
Storage                                  AS 1940 The storage and handling of
                                         flammable and combustible liquids

Handling
Provision of fire protection
Purchasing procedures
Risk assessment
Storage                                  AS 1940 The storage and handling of
                                         flammable and combustible liquids

Transport
Housekeeping
Provision of fire protection equipment
Risk assessment
Storage                                  AS 1940 The storage and handling of
                                         flammable and combustible liquids

Gas monitoring
Risk assessment                          AS/NZS 60079 Explosive
                                         atmospheres
Storage protection equipment
Gas monitoring                           Petroleum and Gas (Production and
                                         Safety) Act 2004
Inspection and maintenance
Risk assessment
Storage
Gas Monitoring
Handling                                 Petroleum and Gas (Production and
                                         Safety) Act 2004
Purchasing procedures
Risk assessment                          Petroleum and Gas (Production and
                                         Safety) Act 2004
Storage
Transport
Gas monitoring                           Petroleum and Gas (Production and
                                         Safety) Act 2004
Housekeeping
Provision of fire protection equipment
Risk assessment
Storage

                                                                             Go to top of page
Go to top of page
                                                   FIRE FIGHTING HAZARDS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire


Hazard                             Mechanism
Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire   Deficient Procedure




Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire   Lack Of Fire Fighting Equipment




Lack Of Control In Fighting Fire   Lack Of Skilled Fire Fighters
                                                                             Go to
IGHTING HAZARDS                                                      Hierarchy of Controls
LEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                               Go to Underground Menu




        Control                                     References
        Competence
        Evaluation procedure
        Exercise in fire drills
        Fire Fighting Procedure
        Implementation of corrective action.
        Audit of fire fighting system.             safety alert 51
        Plan of system.
        Provision of fire fighting apparatus and
        material.
        Provision of water reticulation system and
        water supply.
        Risk assessment.
        Competence.
        Exercise in fire drills.
        Provision of fire fighting teams.

                                                                                         Go to top of page
                                             GAS HAZARDS


Methane Gas Layering


Hazard                 Mechanism
Methane Gas            Layering leading to coal dust
                       or gas explosions
GAS HAZARDS
                                                 Go to Underground Menu

                                                          Go to
                                                  Hierarchy of Controls

   Control                              References
   Hand held monitors
   Detection of methane layering        Hand held gas monitors and extension
                                        probes
                                        SA 122: Detection of methane layering
   Principal Hazard Management system   Guidance note - Reviewing the Effectiveness
                                        of Safety and Health Management Systems -
                                        QGN09 (PDF, 116kB)

                                        Coal Mining Safety and Health Regulation
                                        2001
                                       GENERAL UNDERGROUND CONSTRU
               Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENC

General Construction        Rising/Stripping Face            Rising/Stripping Rise Base
Work                        operations                       operations

Sub Activity                Hazard                           Mechanism
General Construction Work   Asphyxiation                     Noxious Gases Accumulate In
                                                             Construction Area Due To
                                                             Interruption To Normal
                                                             Ventilation Or Inadequate
General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Ventilation Or Structural Parts
                                                             Equipment
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Are Dropped On Or Strike
                                                             Personnel During Emplacement

General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Partly Completed Or Completed
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Structures Fail And Collapse
                                                             Striking Personnel
General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Are Struck By Material
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   During Manual Handling Of It
General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Are Struck By Rope
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Lash As Equipment Is Dragged
                                                             Or Lifted Into Place (With Or
                                                             Without Equipment Failure)
General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Crushed By Rilling
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Material Or Rock While
General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Excavating/ Loading Out
                                                             Personnel Fall Into Excavations
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Or From Structures




General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Slip, Trip And/Or Fall
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   In Work Area


General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Struck Or Jammed By
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Mobile Equipment In Use
General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Personnel Struck Or Jammed By
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Mobile Equipment In Use


General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Rib Failure Leads To Fall Of
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Material Striking Personnel




General Construction Work   Crushing, Contusion And          Roof Failure Leads To Fall Of
                            Fracture Injuries To Personnel   Material Striking Personnel




General Construction Work   Explosion Of Dust                Combustible Dust Cloud Is
                                                             Raised During Work And Ignited
                                                             By A Source




General Construction Work   Explosion Of Gas At Work Site    Accumulation Of Flammable Gas
                                                             Is Ignited By A Source During
                                                             Work
General Construction Work   Hearing Damage                    Excessive Noise Levels Occur
                                                              From Construction Activities


General Construction Work   Lung Damage                       Excessive Respirable Dust Is
                                                              Raised During Construction
                                                              Activities


General Construction Work   Outbreak Of Fire Risking Injury   Ignition Of Flammable Material
                            To Personnel                      By Hot Work


General Construction Work   Outbreak Of Fire Risking Injury   Ignition Of Flammable Material
                            To Personnel                      Due To Equipment Malfunction




General Construction Work   Sprain And Strain Injuries To     Personnel Slip Or Trip
                            Personnel


General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION             CHEMICAL REACTION OF
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR           EXPLOSIVES WITH CHARGED
                            TRANSPORT                         GROUND




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION             DRILLING, CUTTING OR
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR           LOADING MATERIAL
                            TRANSPORT                         CONTAINING MISFIRED
                                                              EXPLOSIVES




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION             INCORRECT LOADING
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR           PROCEDURE
                            TRANSPORT


General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION             INCORRECT PRIMER
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR           PREPARATION
                            TRANSPORT
General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     INCORRECT PRIMER
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   PREPARATION
                            TRANSPORT




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     INCORRECT SELECTION OF
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   EXPLOSIVE TYPE TO SUIT
                            TRANSPORT                 UNUSUAL GROUND
                                                      CONDITIONS (SUCH AS HOT
General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     GROUND) INITIATION
                                                      INDUCTIVE
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR
                            TRANSPORT




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     LACK OF QUALITY CONTROL
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   DURING MANUFACTURE
                            TRANSPORT
General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     MISHAP DURING TEMPORARY
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   UNDERGROUND STORAGE
                            TRANSPORT




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     PERSONNEL INCOMPETENCE
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR
General Construction Work   TRANSPORT DETONATION
                            UNEXPECTED                ROUGH HANDLING OF
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   DETONATOR
                            TRANSPORT




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     ROUGH HANDLING OF
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   PRIMER (DURING TRANSPORT
                            TRANSPORT                 PREPARATION, CHARGING
                                                      AND DEALING WITH
                                                      MISFIRES)

General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     STABILITY DETERIORATION
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   DUE TO AGE
                            TRANSPORT
General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     STABILITY DETERIORATION
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   DUE TO AGE
                            TRANSPORT




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     STABILITY DETERIORATION
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   DUE TO STORAGE
                            TRANSPORT                 CONDITIONS. (HEAT, WATER,
                                                      VENTILATION, ETC.)




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     STATIC ELECTRICITY BUILD
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR   UP
                            TRANSPORT




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     STRAY CURRENT INITIATION
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR
                            TRANSPORT




General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION     TAMPERING BY PERSONNEL
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR
                            TRANSPORT
General Construction Work   UNEXPECTED DETONATION            TRANSPORT MISHAP
                            OF EXPLOSIVES IN USE OR
                            TRANSPORT




Rising/Stripping Face       Asphyxiation                     Irrespirable Atmosphere
operations                                                   Accumulates In Rise (Gas Or
                                                             Fumes)


Rising/Stripping Face       Crushing Injuries To Persons In Collapse Of Muck Chute In
operations                  Travelways                      Segmented Rise

Rising/Stripping Face       Crushing Or Contusion Injuries   Fall Of Ground Due To Failure
operations                  To Face Operators                Of Supports

Rising / Stripping Face     Crushing Or Contusion Injuries   Fall Of Unsupported Ground At
operations                  To Face Operators                Face Of Rise




Rising/Stripping Face       Crushing Or Contusion Injuries   Operator Struck By
operations                  To Face Operators                Timber/Steel/Concrete Supports
Rising/Stripping Face       Electrocution Of Operator        Through Mishandling And
                                                             Contact With Live Parts
operations



Rising/Stripping Face       Electrocution Of Operator        Indirect Contact
operations
Rising/Stripping Face       Fire In Rise                     Ignition By Contraband
operations
Rising/Stripping Face       Fire In Rise                     Ignition Of Flammable Material
operations                                                   By Cutting/ Grinding/Welding
                                                             Sparks Or Direct Contact By
                                                             Flame




Rising/Stripping Face       Fire In Rise                     Ignition Of Flammable Material
operations                                                   By Electrical Arcs Or Sparks
Rising/Stripping Face   Fire In Rise                    Ignition Of Flammable Material
operations                                              By Electrical Arcs Or Sparks




Rising/Stripping Face   High Airborne Dust Levels       Contamination Of Intake Air
operations




Rising/Stripping Face   High Airborne Dust Levels       Dust Contamination From
operations                                              Movement Of Excavated Material
                                                        In Rise Or Chutes



Rising/Stripping Face   High Airborne Dust Levels       Production Of Dust By Drills
operations




Rising/Stripping Face   High Noise Levels               Background Noise
operations




Rising/Stripping Face   High Noise Levels               Drill Noise
operations




Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Flammable Dust In   Blown Out Shot
operations              Rise


Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Flammable Dust In   Electrical Arc
operations              Rise




Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Flammable Dust In   Mishap With Oxy-Cutting
operations              Rise                            Equipment
Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Flammable Dust In   Mishap With Oxy-Cutting
operations              Rise                            Equipment


Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Gas                 Ignition By Cutting/
operations                                              Grinding/Welding Sparks




Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Gas                 Ignition By Electrical Arcs Or
operations                                              Sparks




Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Gas                 Ignition Of Gas Accumulation By
operations                                              Contraband


Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Gas                 Ignition Of Gas Accumulation By
operations                                              Shotfiring


Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Gas                 Ignition Of Gas By Thermite
operations                                              Reaction




Rising/Stripping Face   Ignition Of Gas                 Static Electrical Discharge
operations




Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel By        Air Or Water Turned On To
operations              Whipping Hoses                  Open Ended Hose Inadvertently
Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel By        Blown Out Hoses
operations              Whipping Hoses




Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel By        Over Pressure
operations              Whipping Hoses

Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel By        Parted Couplings
operations              Whipping Hoses
Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel By         Parted Couplings
operations              Whipping Hoses


Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel From Falls Collapse Of Ladders
operations
Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel From Falls Collapse Of Staging/ Working
operations                                               Platform/ Scaffolding


Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel From Falls Failure Of Or Detachments Of
operations                                               And Fall Of Rise Cage Through
                                                         Overwinding Or
                                                         Mechanical/Electrical Failures



Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel From Falls Fall From Face Staging/Working
operations                                               Platform/Scaffolding


Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel From Falls Fall From Ladderways
operations


Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel From Falls Fall Out Of Rise Cage
operations



Rising/Stripping Face   Injuries To Personnel From Falls Personnel Fall Into Rise/Chute
operations                                               Entry While Clearing Shot And
                                                         Stripped Material Into It Or While
                                                         Walking On Stripped Floor

Rising/Stripping Face   Strangulation Of Operator By   Blown Out Hoses
operations              Entanglement With Hoses/Drills


Rising/Stripping Face   Strangulation Of Operator By   Loose Clothing Entangled In Drill
operations              Entanglement With Hoses/Drills


Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION CHEMICAL REACTION OF
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF EXPLOSIVES WITH CHARGED
                        RISE                     GROUND
Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION CHEMICAL REACTION OF
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF EXPLOSIVES WITH CHARGED
                        RISE                     GROUND




Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION DRILLING, CUTTING OR
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF LOADING MATERIAL
                        RISE                     CONTAINING MISFIRED
                                                 EXPLOSIVES




Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION INCORRECT LOADING
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF PROCEDURE
                        RISE


Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION INCORRECT PRIMER
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF PREPARATION
                        RISE




Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION INCORRECT SELECTION OF
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF EXPLOSIVE TYPE TO SUIT
                        RISE                     UNUSUAL GROUND
                                                 CONDITIONS (SUCH AS HOT
Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION GROUND) INITIATION
                                                 INDUCTIVE
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF
                        RISE




Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION      LACK OF QUALITY CONTROL
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF   DURING MANUFACTURE
                        RISE
Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION      MISHAP DURING TEMPORARY
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF   UNDERGROUND STORAGE
                        RISE
Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION PERSONNEL INCOMPETENCE
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF
Rising/Stripping Face   RISE
                        UNEXPECTED DETONATION ROUGH HANDLING OF
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF DETONATOR
                        RISE




Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION ROUGH HANDLING OF
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF PRIMER (DURING TRANSPORT
                        RISE                     PREPARATION, CHARGING
                                                 AND DEALING WITH
                                                 MISFIRES)

Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION STABILITY DETERIORATION
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF DUE TO AGE
                        RISE




Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION STABILITY DETERIORATION
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF DUE TO STORAGE
                        RISE                     CONDITIONS. (HEAT, WATER,
                                                 VENTILATION, ETC.)




Rising/Stripping Face   UNEXPECTED DETONATION STATIC ELECTRICITY BUILD
operations              OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF UP
                        RISE
Rising/Stripping Face          UNEXPECTED DETONATION STRAY CURRENT INITIATION
operations                     OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF
                               RISE




Rising/Stripping Face          UNEXPECTED DETONATION TAMPERING BY PERSONNEL
operations                     OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF
                               RISE


Rising/Stripping Face          UNEXPECTED DETONATION TRANSPORT MISHAP
operations                     OF EXPLOSIVES AT FACE OF
                               RISE




Rising/Stripping Rise Base     Crushing, Contusion Or Fracture Chute Collapses From Loads Of
operations                     Injuries To Personnel           Material Carried, Striking
                                                               Personnel
Rising/Stripping Rise Base     Crushing, Contusion Or Fracture Chute Doors Allow Rush Of
operations                     Injuries To Personnel           Material Which Strikes Personnel


Rising/Stripping Rise Base     Crushing, Contusion Or Fracture Excavated Material Falling Down
operations                     Injuries To Personnel           Rise Or Chutes Strikes
                                                               Personnel Working At Base Of
                                                               Rise (Also Applies To Other
Rising / Stripping Rise Base                                   Personnel Struck Rise)
                               Crushing, Contusion Or Fracture Falling Material In Or Jammed In
operations                     Injuries To Personnel           Chute Area By Muck Loading
                                                               Equipment


Rising/Stripping Rise Base     Crushing, Contusion Or Fracture Sudden Rush Of Material
operations                     Injuries To Personnel           Following Bridging/ Lockage In
                                                               Chute Strikes Personnel
Rising/Stripping Rise Base     High Airborne Dust Levels       Air Is Contaminated By Dust
operations                                                     From Loading Of Excavated
                                                               Material From Chutes Or Rise
                                                               Base
Rising/Stripping Rise Base   High Airborne Dust Levels   Air Is Contaminated By Dust
operations                                               From Loading Of Excavated
                                                         Material From Chutes Or Rise
                                                         Base
UND CONSTRUCTION HAZARDS
CONTROLS & REFERENCES                     Go to Underground Menu


                                               Go to
                                       Hierarchy of Controls

       Control                          References
       Adequate ventilation
       Gas auditing
       Operating procedure
       Ventilation auditing
       Correct slinging and lifting
       Maintenance of equipment
       Operating procedure
       Operator competence
       Adherence to design
       Design of structures
       Operating procedure
       Competence
       Manual handling procedure
       Maintenance of equipment
       Operating procedure
       Prohibited locations
       Selection of equipment
       Competence
       Operating procedure
       Adequate lighting
       Competence
       Guarding of excavations edges

       Guarding of walkways on
       structures
       Operating procedure
       Use of harnesses
       Adequate lighting
       Competence
       Operating procedure
       Work area housekeeping
       Operating procedure
       Operator competence
Prohibited locations for
personnel
Adequate rib support
Competence
Inspection of ribs before and
during work
Maintenance of supports
Operating procedure
Adequate roof support
Competence
Inspection of roof before and
during work
Maintenance of supports           Significant incident 77
Operating procedure
Design of electrical equipment

Design of internal combustion
engines in use
Dust auditing
Dust inertization
Dust suppression
Maintenance of electrical
equipment
Maintenance of internal
combustion engines
Operating procedure
Restriction of hot work
Shotfiring procedures
Adequate ventilation
Design of electrical equipment

Design of internal combustion
engines in use
Equipment shutdown linked to
gas monitors
Maintenance of electrical
equipment
Maintenance of internal
combustion engines
Operating procedure
Proper earthing of equipment
Restrictions of hot work
Selection of materials to avoid
sparking
Shotfiring procedure
Ventilation monitoring
Exposure limitation
Noise level auditing
Operating procedure
Use of protective equipment
Adequate ventilation
Dust auditing
Dust suppression measures
Operating procedure
Use of protective equipment
Hot work procedure
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Restriction of hot work
Equipment housekeeping
Maintenance of equipment
Operating procedure
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Adequate lighting
Area housekeeping
Competence
Operating procedure
Competence
Misfire procedure              AS 2187 Explosives -
                               Storage, transport and use
Misfire reporting
Operating procedure
Selection of explosive types
Competence
Inspection after firing
Misfire procedure              AS 2187 Explosives -
                               Storage, transport and use
Misfire reporting
Operating procedure
Operator vigilance
Access limitation
Competence
Operating procedure
Tools used                     AS 2187 Explosives -
                               Storage, transport and use
Access limitation
Competence
Location of preparation
Operating procedure
Tools provided                   AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Blast design                     AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Competence
Selection of explosive types
Competence
Container used
Handling procedure
Loading procedure
Location of radio transmitters
R.F. output                      AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Type of radio transmitters
Competence
Purchasing procedure
Quality control
Access limitation
Audit procedure
Competence
Container security
Container used
Excess return
Operating procedure
Safe location for storage
Separation of explosive type     AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Competence
Proper supervision
Access limitation
Competence
Container used
Misfire procedure
Operating procedure
Transport arrangements
Access limitation
Competence
Container used
Misfire procedure
Operating procedure
Transport arrangements
Competence
Disposal procedure                  AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Purchasing procedure
Receival procedure
Stock auditing
Stock rotation                      AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Competence
Disposal procedure                  AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Separation of explosive type        AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Stock auditing
Storage facilities design           AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Storage facilities maintenance      AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Storage procedures                  AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Antistatic charging hose
Competence
Earthing procedure
Handling procedure
Loading procedure
Method of initiation
Recognition of static build up
phenomenon
Storage location
Transport procedure
Competence
Container used
Earthing and isolation electrical
equipment/apparatus

Electrical storm precautions
Firing procedure
Hazard recognition                  AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Loading procedure
Primer handling procedure
Access limitation
Container security                  AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Storage security                    AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Competence
Container used
Operating procedure
Separation of explosive type     AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Transport vehicle design
Adequate ventilation
Operating procedure
Use of forcing ventilation in
rises
Ventilation auditing
Design of rise
Design of support of chute
Operating procedure
Design of supports
Installation procedure
Maintenance of supports
Clean up/barring down
procedure
Inspection of face area
Placement of support
Re-entry procedure after
blasting
Design of material handling
Operating procedure
Equipment design
Maintenance
Maintenance procedure
Operating procedure
Equipment design
Maintenance
Prohibition of contraband

Cutting/grinding/welding
procedure
Inspection procedure
Minimisation of flammable
material
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Design of electrical equipment

Maintenance
Minimisation of flammable
material
Operating procedure
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Adherence to dust standards
Auditing of dust
Breathing protection if
necessary
Suppression of dust from other
activities in intakes
Adequate ventilation
Breathing protection
Dust auditing
Dust suppression
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Adherence to dust standards
Breathing protection if
necessary
Dust auditing
Dust suppression on drills
Maintenance
Equipment design/selection
Exposure limitation
Location of equipment
Noise auditing
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if necessary

Drill design/selection
Exposure limitation
Noise auditing
Protective equipment to be
provided and worn if necessary

Clean up and removal of dust
Dust monitoring
Inertization of dust
Shotfiring procedure
Clean up and removal of dust
Design of electrical equipment

Dust monitoring
Inertization of dust
Maintenance
Clean up and removal of dust
Cutting procedure
Dust monitoring
Inertization of dust
Adequate ventilation
Cutting/grinding/welding
procedure
Inspection procedure
Ventilation monitoring
Adequate ventilation
Design of electrical equipment

Inspection procedure
Maintenance of equipment
Operating procedure
Ventilation monitoring
Adequate ventilation
Inspection procedure
Prohibition of contraband
Ventilation monitoring
Adequate ventilation
Inspection procedure
Shotfiring procedure
Ventilation monitoring
Adequate ventilation
Inspection procedure
Restricted materials
Selection of materials
Ventilation monitoring
Adequate ventilation
Choice of materials
Earthing arrangements
Inspection procedure
Ventilation monitoring
Competence
Operating procedure
Hose maintenance
Inspection of hoses
Prevention of damage to hoses

Selection of hoses
Compressor maintenance
Compressor settings
Pressure regulation
Coupling design
Fitting compatibility
Inspection of equipment
Installation of locks
Design of ladderways
Maintenance of ladderways
Design of staging
Maintenance of staging
Operating procedure
Scaffolding competence
Design of cage system
Maintenance of system
Operating competence
Operating procedure
Signalling/communications
Winding limit switches
Competence
Design of work area
Harnesses if necessary
Operating procedure
Competence
Design of ladderways
Operating procedure
Cage maintenance
Design of cage
Harnesses if necessary
Operating procedure
Competence
Operating procedure
Provision of grate cover over
entry
Use of harnesses
As for "Blown Out Hoses" in the
"Injuries to Personnel by
Whipping Hoses" Hazard in this
same Activity
Drill design
Operating procedure
Paper clothing in good repair
Supervisor
Competence
Misfire procedure               AS 2187 Explosives -
                                Storage, transport and use
Misfire reporting
Operating procedure
Selection of explosive types
Competence
Inspection after firing
Misfire procedure                AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Misfire reporting
Operating procedure
Operator vigilance
Access limitation
Competence
Operating procedure
Tools used                       AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Access limitation
Competence
Location of preparation
Operating procedure
Tools provided                   AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Blast design                     AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Competence
Selection of explosive types
Competence
Container used
Handling procedure
Loading procedure
Location of radio transmitters
R.F. output                      AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Type of radio transmitters
Competence
Purchasing procedure
Quality control
Access limitation
Audit procedure
Competence
Container security
Container used
Excess return
Operating procedure
Safe location for storage
Separation of explosive type     AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Competence
Proper supervision
Access limitation
Competence
Container used
Misfire procedure
Operating procedure
Transport arrangements
Access limitation
Competence
Container used
Misfire procedure
Operating procedure
Transport arrangements
Competence
Disposal procedure               AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Purchasing procedure
Receival procedure
Stock auditing
Stock rotation                   AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Competence
Disposal procedure               AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Separation of explosive type     AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Stock auditing
Storage facilities design        AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Storage facilities maintenance   AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Storage procedures               AS 2187 Explosives -
                                 Storage, transport and use
Antistatic charging hose
Competence
Earthing procedure
Handling procedure
Loading procedure
Method of initiation
Recognition of static build up
phenomenon
Storage location
Transport procedure
Competence
Container used
Earthing and isolation electrical
equipment/apparatus

Electrical storm precautions
Firing procedure
Hazard recognition                  AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Loading procedure
Primer handling procedure
Access limitation
Container security                  AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Storage security                    AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Competence
Container used
Operating procedure
Separation of explosive type        AS 2187 Explosives -
                                    Storage, transport and use
Transport vehicle design
Design of chute system


Chute operating procedure
Competence
Design of chute doors
Provision of rock flow control
Design of rise base are or
bottom of chutes
Operating procedure
Prohibited areas for personnel
Chute operating procedure
Mucking equipment operating
procedure
Operator competence
Prohibited areas
Blockage clearance procedure

Competence
Adequate ventilation
Breathing equipment if
necessary
Dust auditing
Dust suppression for loading
operations
Operating procedure
Ventilation auditing

                               Go to top of page
                                         IGNITION SOURCE HAZARDS
Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


Borehole access             Chemical reaction

Frictional                  Human Factors

Hazard                      Mechanism
Borehole Access             Burning embers or flames from surface
                            fires




Borehole Access             Hot particles from welding cutting
                            around top of borehole

Borehole Access             Sparking from fill material dropped down
                            boreholes




Chemical Reaction           Exothermic chemical reactions




Chemical Reaction           Light alloy reactions – Hot spark as
                            ignition source




Electrical                  Batteries - Ignition of methane or
                            hydrogen
Electrical   Batteries - Ignition of methane or
             hydrogen




Electrical   Cable damage/component failure/short
             circuit causing external electrical arcing
             (to apparatus)
Electrical   Damaged cap lamp exposing hot
             filament as an ignition source




Electrical   Different earth potentials causing
             flashes




Electrical   Equipment unsuitable as installed/
             faulty/ damaged/ modified
Electrical   Equipment unsuitable as installed/
             faulty/ damaged/ modified




Electrical   Frictional static discharge caused by
             compressed air or air movement




Electrical   Lightning strike on surface - conveyor
             structure conducting current
             underground




Electrical   Live testing
Electrical   Voltage surges




Explosives   Inappropriate use/misuse




Explosives   Remains of explosives burning in shot
             hole




Frictional   Frictional heat contact of steel with rock
Frictional   Frictional heat contact of steel with rock




Frictional   Impact/sparking - rock on rock




Frictional   Impact/Sparking - steel on steel
Frictional      Impact/Sparking - steel on steel




Frictional      Piezo electric discharge caused by rock
                or metal stressing (or striking) crystal




Human Factors   Sabotage




Human Factors   Use of Contraband underground




Mechanical      Contact of dry brake shoes on friction
                surface
Mechanical   Contact of dry brake shoes on friction
             surface




Mechanical   Cutting, welding, grinding, equipment
             use




Mechanical   External surfaces – internal combustion
             engines




Mechanical   heat generated by failure of mechanical
             component
Mechanical               heat generated by failure of mechanical
                         component




Mechanical               Hot exhaust particles vented to
                         atmosphere




Spontaneous Combustion   Air moving slowly over or through
                         broken/uncompacted coal




Spontaneous Combustion   appropriate preventative action not
                         taken after indicators observed or
                         detected
Spontaneous Combustion   appropriate preventative action not
                         taken after indicators observed or
                         detected




Spontaneous Combustion   Failure in early detection prior to
                         reaching 600 degrees C




Spontaneous Combustion   Failure to act
Spontaneous Combustion   General Standards – Housekeeping




Spontaneous Combustion   Inappropriate mine design




Spontaneous Combustion   Propensity of coal to spontaneously
                         combust
TION SOURCE HAZARDS
S, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES


              Electrical

              Mechanical

              Control
              audit of boreholes
              cap holes
              fill holes
              fire breaks
              flash arrester
              audit of boreholes
              requirement for risk assessment before
              welding/cutting is undertaken
              choice of materials
              ensure positive ventilation
              requirement for risk assessment before
              hydraulic filling is undertaken
              requirement for risk assessment before
              stowage is undertaken
              audits
              Awareness of possible reactions
              controls on introduction of new materials

              procedures
              training/competence
              purchasing policy
              Restrictions on use of aluminium,
              especially in face areas
              risk assessments on use




              fuses
              maintenance
              procedures/training
Safety Management Plans




all repairs to be conducted at quality
assured workshop
battery or diesel equipment as
replacement for electrical systems
cable management system-ensure
specifications are met, procedures;
electrical maintenance; improved cable
design
cableless systems
Controls on mine atmosphere and
electrical equipment
education/training; procedures
engineering control safeguard alarms
housekeeping; mining practice; design of
equipment/systems
requirement for analysis of electrical
systems - fault analysis and load flow
roadway maintenance
services layout
Use of high voltage at the face,
dependent on outcome of research work.
education/training




maintenance




electrical system design




publication of information on earthing in
trailing cables and associated systems.

requirement for competent personnel
training / competency

audit of all equipment at all mines
audits
better QA systems that deliver quality;
specifications; improved competencies.
operating and maintenance procedures

specifications
training
alternatives to use of compressed air
anti-static hose
earthing - bonding
installation/maintenance/materials
requirement for unique couplings for air
hoses




training
widen the requirement for fire resistant
anti-static hoses
awareness/training
insulate surface and underground
structures
publication of information on earthing
generally
safety management plans
sealing of boreholes
separate lightning earthing system
eliminate live testing in proximity to the
face or gassy areas
elimination of need for live testing
gas testing
live testing to be conducted under strict
controls; e.g.. elimination of gas and coal
dust
procedures
Prohibition of live testing
system design/component design/internal
diagnostic




training
auditing
electrical protection
electrical system design
equipment specification
longwall 3.3kV cables may be rated at
6.6kV
pre-installation checks
restrictions on system voltage levels
alternatives-minimise use




safe operating procedures
stock control
supervision
training/competence
safe appropriate shotfiring practices
training
use of permitted explosives




alternative cutting technology
awareness; alternative materials
cutting tool maintenance, technology
encase cutting head in foam
explosion prevention and suppression
systems;
inspection; inertisation, ventilation,
equipment design
mining practice; horizon control on
longwall faces; selection of mining horizon

pick path spraying; full encasement of
roof bolts
training
water and compressed air sprays as
being trialled in South Africa
water cooling/suppression; ignition
suppression system; ignition prevention
system




assessment of incendive mine roof rocks
to be covered in mine safety management
plans




control atmosphere
maintenance
partial extraction
pillar design
equipment design
house keeping
ignition prevention systems
mining practices
training
Use no steel rib bolts where contact with
cutting machine is likely




use of alternative materials
waterspray systems
control atmosphere




counselling and employee assistance
programs
medical assessments




mining culture
monitoring of circumstances
peer observation
procedures
searches
security systems
education
management to develop strategies
peer pressure/observation
Prohibition / Limitation of use




searches
training
defect reporting
General requirement for totally enclosed
brakes
maintenance and operational checks




procedures
reduce grades
road condition
training
Use of enclosed brakes
design-minimise, eliminate, planning
improved technology
inspection
procedures-adherence, supervision
training
use of Infra Red detection of heat
design guidelines




machine cleaning
maintenance
Surface temperature limitation to 150
degrees
training
use of Infra Red detection
 brake tests and pre-shift inspections
competence of personnel (upstream) -
supervisors and engineers




design audits
housekeeping
maintenance system, defect reporting and
actions
maintenance to be covered by standard
operating procedures
QA
restrictions on flammable oils
vehicle brakes to be fully enclosed
fuel quality
maintenance
training
use battery vehicles
water scrubbers
communication of change
defect reporting and action
design; instrumentation and monitoring
(correct location); appropriate materials
effective auditing-knowledge, compliance

inertisation
Safety Management Plans
standard work procedures




Work of ventilation officer
auditing and review
communication/education/training
Expert / scenario training models
external expertise
management plan : procedures for initial
and subsequent response
monitoring systems
Safety Management Plan
ventilation model predictive tools




better education and understanding -
gasses flow, gas sampling and sample
frequency
improved instruments and systems -
electronic noses
monitoring system and management plan;
education and training; maintenance and
calibration; good background data;
legislation; use of indicators and analysis;
use of new technology; auditing and
review-internal and external; requirement
to keep records

spontaneous combustion management
plans
thermography techniques
alarm protocols
management plan-procedures, protocols,
clearly defined responses and
responsibilities; plan review; power
backup; education and training; internal
and external independent audits;
emergency exercises; attitude/discipline;
legislation
spontaneous combustion management
plans
continuous awareness
documentation of standards and safety
management plans
mining clean up
mining practice




safe working procedures
training
comparative analysis of mine ventilation
systems
exploration; design audit; operational
audit; competence of personnel




obtaining sufficient information during the
exploration phase
risk assessment of development proposal
submitted prior to commencement of
operations
Safety Management Plan,
all mines carry out sampling and
propensity tests




change inherent moisture content - water
infusion
                          Go to
                  Hierarchy of Controls
                   Go to Underground Menu


Explosives

Spontaneous Combustion

References
safety alert 46


Minesafe International 1990; Conference Papers


safety alert 59

safety alert 59



Minesafe International 1990; Conference Papers




Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                              South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                               Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985



Safety Alert 280
Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                                South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                                Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985
Electrostatic Charging and Ignition of Dusts : Institution of
Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 58 p. 1 – 10
1980                               Ignition and
Combustion of Dust Clouds in Hot Environments :
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 8 p.
209 – 217 1980                                Spontaneous
Ignition of Methane Measurement of Methane :
Measurement and Chemical Model : Symposium on
Combustion v.20 p. 1833 – 1843 1984




Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                                South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                                Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985
Electrostatic Charging and Ignition of Dusts : Institution of
Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 58 p. 1 – 10
1980                               Ignition and
Combustion of Dust Clouds in Hot Environments :
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 8 p.
209 – 217 1980                                Spontaneous
Ignition of Methane Measurement of Methane :
Measurement and Chemical Model : Symposium on
Combustion v.20 p. 1833 – 1843 1984
Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                                South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                                Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985
Electrostatic Charging and Ignition of Dusts : Institution of
Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 58 p. 1 – 10
1980                               Ignition and
Combustion of Dust Clouds in Hot Environments :
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 8 p.
209 – 217 1980                                Spontaneous
Ignition of Methane Measurement of Methane :
Measurement and Chemical Model : Symposium on
Combustion v.20 p. 1833 – 1843 1984




Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                                South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                                Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985
Electrostatic Charging and Ignition of Dusts : Institution of
Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 58 p. 1 – 10
1980                               Ignition and
Combustion of Dust Clouds in Hot Environments :
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 8 p.
209 – 217 1980                                Spontaneous
Ignition of Methane Measurement of Methane :
Measurement and Chemical Model : Symposium on
Combustion v.20 p. 1833 – 1843 1984




safety alert 207
safety alert 207




Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                                South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                                Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985
Electrostatic Charging and Ignition of Dusts : Institution of
Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 58 p. 1 – 10
1980                               Ignition and
Combustion of Dust Clouds in Hot Environments :
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 8 p.
209 – 217 1980                                Spontaneous
Ignition of Methane Measurement of Methane :
Measurement and Chemical Model : Symposium on
Combustion v.20 p. 1833 – 1843 1984




Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                              South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                               Safety in




Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                                South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                                Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985
Electrostatic Charging and Ignition of Dusts : Institution of
Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 58 p. 1 – 10
1980                               Ignition and
Combustion of Dust Clouds in Hot Environments :
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 8 p.
209 – 217 1980                                Spontaneous
Ignition of Methane Measurement of Methane :
Measurement and Chemical Model : Symposium on
Combustion v.20 p. 1833 – 1843 1984
Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                                South
African Conference on Explosion Protected Electrical
Apparatus 1993                                Safety in
Mines: Proceedings of the 21dt International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1985
Electrostatic Charging and Ignition of Dusts : Institution of
Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 58 p. 1 – 10
1980                               Ignition and
Combustion of Dust Clouds in Hot Environments :
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series; 8 p.
209 – 217 1980                                Spontaneous
Ignition of Methane Measurement of Methane :
Measurement and Chemical Model : Symposium on
Combustion v.20 p. 1833 – 1843 1984




Proceedings on the Fourth International Colloquium on
Dust
Explosions 1990                              South




20th International Conference of Safety in Mines
Research                                       Institutes
1983                              25th International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research
Institutes 1993                            Probability of
Methane or Coal Dust Ignition by Mining
Explosives : Archivum Combustionis; v.2 no. ¾ 1982




20th International Conference of Safety in Mines
Research                                       Institutes
1983                              25th International
Conference of Safety in Mines Research
Institutes 1993                            Probability of
Methane or Coal Dust Ignition by Mining
Explosives : Archivum Combustionis; v.2 no. ¾ 1982
A Review of Experiments on the Ignition of Inflammable
Gases by
Frictional Sparking 1956
Suppression of Explosions Caused by Frictional Sparking
: Euro
Abstracts Section II v.6, no .3 p204 – 206 1980
Methane Ignition by Rock Friction : Minfo no.29 p. 24-25
1990                              The Thermal Response
of Rock to Friction in the Drag Cutting
Process Journal of Structural Geology v 11 p. 919 – 931
1989

A Review of Experiments on the Ignition of Inflammable
Gases by
Frictional Sparking 1956
Suppression of Explosions Caused by Frictional Sparking
: Euro
Abstracts Section II v.6, no .3 p204 – 206 1980
Methane Ignition by Rock Friction : Minfo no.29 p. 24-25
1990                              The Thermal Response
of Rock to Friction in the Drag Cutting
Process Journal of Structural Geology v 11 p. 919 – 931
1989

Significant incidents 78




A Review of Experiments on the Ignition of Inflammable
Gases by
Frictional Sparking 1956
Suppression of Explosions Caused by Frictional Sparking
: Euro
Abstracts Section II v.6, no .3 p204 – 206 1980
Methane Ignition by Rock Friction : Minfo no.29 p. 24-25
1990                              The Thermal Response
of Rock to Friction in the Drag Cutting
Process Journal of Structural Geology v 11 p. 919 – 931
1989                            :
A Review of Experiments on the Ignition of Inflammable
Gases by
Frictional Sparking 1956
Suppression of Explosions Caused by Frictional Sparking
: Euro
Abstracts Section II v.6, no .3 p204 – 206 1980
Methane Ignition by Rock Friction : Minfo no.29 p. 24-25
1990                              The Thermal Response
of Rock to Friction in the Drag Cutting
Process Journal of Structural Geology v 11 p. 919 – 931
1989                            :




A Review of Experiments on the Ignition of Inflammable
Gases by
Frictional Sparking 1956
Suppression of Explosions Caused by Frictional Sparking
: Euro
Abstracts Section II v.6, no .3 p204 – 206 1980
Methane Ignition by Rock Friction : Minfo no.29 p. 24-25
1990                              The Thermal Response
of Rock to Friction in the Drag Cutting
Process Journal of Structural Geology v 11 p. 919 – 931
1989




Papers presented at the symposium on Safety in Coal
Mining
1987                              Proceedings of the 23rd
International Conference of Safety in
Mines Research Institutes 1989




Papers presented at the symposium on Safety in Coal
Mining
1987                              Proceedings of the 23rd
International Conference of Safety in
Mines Research Institutes 1989
Papers Presented at the Symposium on Safety in Coal
Mining                                    1987
Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference of
Safety in                                   Mines
Research Institutes 1989
Ignition Properties of Mechanical Sparks and Hot
Surfaces in                                   Dust/Air
Mixtures : Papers Presented at Conference on
Flammable Dust Explosion in Nov, 1988 p. 152 – 164
1989




Safety Alert 272



safety alert 180



Papers Presented at the Symposium on Safety in Coal
Mining                                    1987
Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference of
Safety in                                   Mines
Research Institutes 1989
Ignition Properties of Mechanical Sparks and Hot
Surfaces in                                   Dust/Air
Mixtures : Papers Presented at Conference on
Flammable Dust Explosion in Nov, 1988 p. 152 – 164
1989



safety alert 25


safety alert 25
Papers Presented at the Symposium on Safety in Coal
Mining                                    1987
Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference of
Safety in                                   Mines
Research Institutes 1989
Ignition Properties of Mechanical Sparks and Hot
Surfaces in                                   Dust/Air
Mixtures : Papers Presented at Conference on
Flammable Dust Explosion in Nov, 1988 p. 152 – 164
1989




Safety Bulletin 119




Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference of
Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1988
Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the 21st
International
Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985
Coal Industry Safety Conference in Conjunction with
Hazcoal
Management 1996
Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference of
Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1989
25th International Conference of Safety in Mines
Research
Institutions 1993
Proceedings of the 21st International Conference of
Safety                                          in Mines
Research Institutes 1985
Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference of
Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1987
Development of Methods for the Early Detection of
Spontaneous Combustion Using Specific
Indicator Gases 1991
Spontaneous Combustion Seminar 6-8 November 1995




25th International Conference of Safety in Mines
Research
Institutions 1993
Proceedings of the 21st International Conference of
Safety                                          in Mines
Research Institutes 1985
Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference of
Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1987
Development of Methods for the Early Detection of
Spontaneous Combustion Using Specific
Indicator Gases 1991
Spontaneous Combustion Seminar 6-8 November 1995
An Approach to Safe Design of Mine Workings Against
the                                         Risk of
Spontaneous Combustion 1985
Proceedings of the 21st International Conference of
Safety                                         in Mines
Research Institutes 1985
Draft Technical Guidelines for Environmental
Management for Mining in Queensland 1993




Papers Presented at the Symposium on Safety in Coal
Mining 1987                              Proceedings of
the 23rd International Conference of
Safety in Mines Research Institutes 1989
Safety in Mines Research: Proceedings of the 21st
International
Conference of Safety in Mines Institutes 1985




Suggested References : Papers presented at the
Symposium of Safety in Coal Mining
1987                            A Study of the Propensity
of Queensland Coals to
Spontaneous Combustion 1979
Proceedings of the 21st International Conference of
Safety                                       in Mines
Research Institutes 1985



                                                            Go to top of page
                                             IRRESPIRABLE ATMOSPHERE OPERATIONS HAZARDS
             Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                          Go to Underground Menu


Breathing Apparatus
                              Explosion                     Impaired Visibility             Physical Injury                      Psychological Trauma
Failure
                                                                                                                                                               Go to
Sub Activity                  Hazard                        Mechanism                       Control                              References            Hierarchy of Controls
Breathing Apparatus Failure   Cessation Or Reduction Of     Breathing Apparatus Failure     Auxiliary Breathing Apparatus
                              Normal Air/Oxygen Supply                                      Auxiliary Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus/reserve supply
                                                                                            Competence
                                                                                            Equipment storage                    AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                                                                                 maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                                                                                 equipment
                                                                                            Instrument tests
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Maintenance
                                                                                            Rotational use of Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Systematic use of all Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
                                                                                            Team response
Breathing Apparatus Failure   Exceed Breathing Apparatus Breathing Apparatus Failure        Auxiliary Breathing
                              Supply Duration                                               Apparatus/reserve supply
                                                                                            Communication
                                                                                            Competence
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Operational planning
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
                                                                                            Team response
Breathing Apparatus Failure   Exceed Breathing Apparatus Breathing Apparatus Failure        Auxiliary Breathing
                              Supply Duration            Through Inadequate Planning        Apparatus/reserve supply
                                                                                            Communication
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Operational planning
                                                                                            Standbye team
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
                                                                                            Team response
Breathing Apparatus Failure   Excessive Air/Oxygen Usage Breathing Apparatus Failure        Auxiliary Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus/reserve supply
                                                                                            Competence
                                                                                            Equipment storage                    AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                                                                                                 maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                                                                                 equipment
                                                                                            Instrument tests
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Maintenance
                                                                                            Personal suitability for use of
                                                                                            specific equipment
                                                                                            Rotational use of Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Systematic use of all Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
                                                                                            Team response
Breathing Apparatus Failure   Excessive Carbon Dioxide In Breathing Apparatus Failure       Apparatus service procedure
                              Breathing Circuit                                             Auxiliary Breathing Apparatus
                                                                                            Auxiliary Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus/reserve supply
                                                                                            Competence
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Maintenance
                                                                                            Rotational use of Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Stock control of absorbent
                                                                                            Systematic use of all Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Team response
Breathing Apparatus Failure   Ingress Of Ambient            Breathing Apparatus Failure -   Apparatus servicing procedure
                              Atmosphere Into Apparatus     Defective Seal At Face/Mouth    Auxiliary Breathing
                              Breathing Circuit             Piece, Nose Clip - Defective    Apparatus/reserve supply
                                                            Mechanical Connection -         Competence
                                                            Defective Component -           Equipment storage                    AS/NZS 1715 Selection, use and
                                                            Damage During Use                                                    maintenance of respiratory protective
                                                                                                                                 equipment
                                                                                            Instrument tests
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Maintenance
                                                                                            Personal suitability for use of
                                                                                            specific equipment
                                                                                            Positive pressure type Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Rotational use of Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
                                                                                            Team response
Breathing Apparatus Failure   Sudden Failure Of High        Breathing Apparatus Failure     Auxiliary Breathing Apparatus
                              Pressure Component                                            /reserve supply
                                                                                            Competence
                                                                                            Instrument tests
                                                                                            Irrespirable atmosphere
                                                                                            competence
                                                                                            Maintenance
                                                                                            Team response
Explosion                     Contaminated Atmosphere    Fall In Barometric/ Ventilation    Availability of adequate transport
                              Reaching The Free Air Base Pressure
                                                                                            Availability of Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus for all personnel
                                                                                            Location of Free Air Base
                                                                                            Monitoring
                                                                                            Withdrawal of personnel
                                                                                            Availability of adequate transport

                                                                                            Availability of Breathing
                                                                                            Apparatus for all personnel
                                                                                            Communication
                                                                                            Location of Free Air Base
                                                                                            Monitoring
                                                                                            Withdrawal of personnel
Explosion                     Explosion Causing Injury To   Explosive Mixture Of Gases      Communication
                              Personnel                                                     Competence in gas monitoring
                                                                                            and interpretation
                                                                                            Continuous gas monitoring
                                                                                            Inertisation
                                                                                            Provision of hand-held gas test
                                                                                            instruments
                                                                                            Ventilation management
                                                                                            Withdrawal of personnel
Explosion                     Explosion Causing Injury To   Ignition Source                 Assess/eliminate external
                              Personnel                                                     sources where possible
                                                                                            Communication
                                                                                            Restricted use of aluminium
                                                                                            Restricted use of materials
                                                                                            Use of Ex. ia equipment
Explosion                     Explosion Causing Injury To   Incorrect Reading Displayed     Atmosphere sample for cross
                              Personnel                     By Gas Test Instrument          reference
                                                                                            Calibration/maintenance
                                                                                            Pre-use checks
                                                                                            Use of two instruments
Explosion                     Explosion Causing Injury To   Production Of Water Gas         Selection of fire fighting methods
                              Personnel
                                                                                            Ventilation control
                                                                                            Ventilation management
Explosion                     Explosion Causing Injury To   Recirculation Of Flammable      - directly
                              Personnel                     Gases Over Ignition Source      - directly
                                                                                            - flooding
                                                                                            - flooding
                                                                                            - inertisation
                                                                                            - inertisation
                                                                                            - remote sealing
                                                                                            - remote sealing
                                                                                            Communication
                                                                                            Extinguish fire
                                                                                            Gas testing/monitoring/analysis/
                                                                                            interpretation

                                                                                            Interpretation of Situation
                                                                                            Operational planning
                                                                                            Remove ignition sources
                                                                                            Ventilation
                                                                                            monitoring/management
Explosion                     Explosion Causing Injury To   Uncontrolled Atmosphere         Communication
                              Personnel                     Produced By: - Fall In          Gas monitoring
                                                            Barometric/ Ventilation         Operational planning
                                                            Pressure - Massive Roof Fall - Reference to barometric
                                                            Physical Property Of Gas        records
                                                                                            Risk assessment
                                                                                            Ventilation control
                                                                                            Withdrawal of personnel
Impaired Visibility           Impaired Visibility           Face Piece/Eye Goggles          Equipment selection
                                                                                            Use of anti-mist agents
                                                                                            Vision screening
Impaired Visibility           Impaired Visibility           Smoke/Fine Dust In              Adequate route indicators
                                                            Suspension/High Expansion       Eye protection
                                                            Foam                            Use of team link-line/life line
                                                                                            Ventilation
Physical Injury               Burns                         Impaired Visibility             Forward probing
                                                                                            Infra-red imager
Physical Injury               Heat Stress                   High Effective Temperature      Assess underground
                                                                                            environment
                                                                                            Distribution of workload
                                                                                            Equipment selection
                                                                                            Operational planning
                                                                                            Personal heat tolerance
                                                                                            awareness
                                                                                            Personnel observation
                                                                                            (monitoring)
                                                                                            Pre-hydration
                                                                                            Suitable clothing
                                                                                            Trainer assessment
                                                                                            Ventilation
Physical Injury               Infection Illness             Incorrect Treatment Of Injuries First aid competence
                                                                                            First aid supplies
Physical Injury               Infectious Disease            Wearing Breathing Apparatus     Apparatus cleaning/disinfection
                              Transmission
                                                                                            Medical assessment                   Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999
                                                                                            Procedure
Physical Injury               Irrational Behaviour          Stressors                       Competence
                                                                                            Personnel observation
                                                                                            Post-incident de-briefing
                                                                                            Preconditioning
                                                                                            Psychological assessment
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
                                                                                            Team response
Physical Injury               Physical Debilitation         Alcohol/Drugs                   Fitness for duty test (alcohol)
                                                                                            Medical/health assessment            Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
Physical Injury               Physical Debilitation         Physical Stress Compounded      Competence
                                                            By Wearing Breathing            Distribution of workload
                                                            Apparatus                       Medical/fitness assessment           Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999
                                                                                            Personnel observation
Physical Injury               Scalds                        Uncontrolled Fire-Fighting By   Intake approach
                                                            Products                        Selection of fire-fighting
                                                                                            methods
                                                                                            Suitable clothing and Personal
                                                                                            Protective Equipment
                                                                                            Ventilation
Psychological Trauma          Irrational Behaviour          Stressors                       Competence
                                                                                            Personnel observation
                                                                                            Post-incident de-briefing
                                                                                            Psychological assessment
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
                                                                                            Team response
Psychological Trauma          Physical Debilitation         Alcohol/Drugs                   Fitness for duty test (alcohol)
                                                                                            Medical/health assessment            Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999
                                                                                            Team preparation checks
Psychological Trauma          Physical Debilitation         Physical Stress Compounded      Competence
                                                            By Wearing Breathing            Distribution of workload
                                                            Apparatus                       Medical/fitness assessment           Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999
                                                                                            Personnel observation
                                                                                            Training emphasis

                                                                                                                                                                          Go to top of page
                                  MECHANICAL HAZARDS
           Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES

                         Compressors & Pressure
Bolters                                                 Continuous Haulage / Face
                         Vessels


Fans                     Drills                         Free Steered Vehicles


Installation / Maint                                    Railed Vehicles including
                         Longwall
Activities                                              Monorail


Services / Pipes         Shuttle Cars                   Towing of Loads


Underground
                         Winding/Haulage
Installation/Maint


Sub Activity             Hazard                         Mechanism
Bolters                  Fire Associated With Bolting   Accumulations Of Coal Dust/Oil
                         Activities                     Ignited By High Surface
                                                        Temperatures Of Bolting Unit




Bolters                  Hearing Damage                 Personnel Exposed To High
                                                        Noise Levels And Doses From
                                                        Bolting Operations




Bolters                  Personnel Burns                Personnel Contact With Hot
                                                        Hydraulic Oil From Burst Hoses
                                                        On Bolter Units

Bolters                  Personnel Burns                Personnel Contact With Hot
                                                        Surfaces On Bolter Or Drills




Compressors & Pressure   Bursting Under Pressure        Inadequate Design
Vessels
Compressors & Pressure   Bursting Under Pressure        Inadequate Maintenance
Vessels
Compressors & Pressure   Bursting Under Pressure   Inadequate Maintenance
Vessels



Compressors & Pressure   Bursting Under Pressure   Metal Fatigue
Vessels



Compressors & Pressure   Bursting Under Pressure   Over Pressurisation
Vessels




Compressors & Pressure   Bursting Under Pressure   Physical Damage
Vessels




Compressors & Pressure   Caught By Moving Parts    Exposed Moving Parts
Vessels
Compressors & Pressure   Contaminated Air          Breathing Of Contaminated Air,
Vessels                                            Oil Or Vapour


Compressors & Pressure   Excessive Noise           Personal Exposure
Vessels



Compressors & Pressure   Explosion                 Contaminated Air Supply
Vessels                                            (Methane)
Compressors & Pressure   Fire                      Belt Slip
Vessels


Compressors & Pressure   Fire                      Compressed Air Recirculation
Vessels                                            Through Faulty Valves


Compressors & Pressure   Fire                      Contaminated Supply (Dust)
Vessels
Compressors & Pressure   Fire                      Failure Of Cooling System
Vessels




Compressors & Pressure   Fire                      Mechanical Failure Of Bearings
Vessels
Compressors & Pressure    Fire                         Mechanical Failure Of Bearings
Vessels




Compressors & Pressure    Fire                         Overheating Of Surfaces
Vessels




Continuous Haulage/Face   Contact Moving Components    Falling Onto Moving Parts




Continuous Haulage/Face   Contact Moving Components    Unexpected Operation Of
                                                       Machine


Continuous Haulage/Face   Crushed Against Face/Rib     Failure M/C Component

Continuous Haulage/Face   Crushed Against Face/Rib     Machine Side Slip


Continuous Haulage/Face   Crushed Against Face/Rib     Malfunction Of Remote Control




Continuous Haulage/Face   Crushed Against Face/Rib     Operator/Bystander Error




Continuous Haulage/Face   Crushed Against Face/Rib     Runaway On Slope




Continuous Haulage/Face   Discharge Of Stored Energy   Burnt By Hot Fluid




Continuous Haulage/Face   Discharge Of Stored Energy   Hit By Component Propelled By
                                                       Strain Energy (Belt, Chain)


Continuous Haulage/Face   Discharge Of Stored Energy   Hit By Pressurised Fluid
Continuous Haulage/Face     Discharge Of Stored Energy   Hit By Pressurised Fluid




Continuous Haulage/Face     Excessive Dust               Exposure




Continuous Haulage/Face     Excessive Noise              Exposure




Continuous Haulage/Face     Falling Material             Falling From M/C




Continuous Haulage/Face     Falling Material             Rib Failure

Continuous Haulage/Face     Falling Material             Roof Fall

Continuous Haulage/Face     Fire                         Frictional Rubbing




Continuous Haulage/Face     Fire                         High Surface Temperature




Continuous Haulage/Face     Struck By/ Caught Between    Mechanical Failure (Machine
                                                         Falling)




Continuous Haulage/Face     Struck By/ Caught Between    Suspension Failure




Continuous Haulage/Face     Struck By/ Caught Between    Unplanned Movement Of
                                                         Machine


Continuous                   Asphyxiation Poisoning      Loader Exhaust Accumulates
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                             To Dangerous Levels
headers
Continuous                   Asphyxiation Poisoning      Loader Exhaust Accumulates
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                             To Dangerous Levels
headers



Continuous                   Contact With Moving Parts   Falling Onto Moving Parts
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers




Continuous                   Contact With Moving Parts   Unexpected Operation Of M/C
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers



Continuous                   Crushed Against             Bystander Error
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road Rib/Roof/Face
headers
Continuous                   Crushed Against             Failure Of Component
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road Rib/Roof/Face
headers
Continuous                  Crushed Against              Failure Of Machine Component
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road Rib/Roof/Face
headers


Continuous                   Crushed Against             Machine Slip
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road Rib/Roof/Face
headers


Continuous                   Crushed Against             Malfunction Of Remote Control
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road Rib/Roof/Face
headers


Continuous                   Crushed Against             Operator Error
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road Rib/Roof/Face
headers


Continuous                   Crushed Against             Runaway On Slope
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road Rib/Roof/Face
headers


Continuous                   Discharge Stored Energy     Burnt By Hot Fluid
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers



Continuous                   Discharge Stored Energy     Flying Tyre Lock Ring
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                   Discharge Stored Energy     Hit By Component Propelled By
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                             Strain Energy (Chain Etc)
headers
Continuous                   Discharge Stored Energy    Hit By Component Propelled By
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Strain Energy (Chain Etc)
headers




Continuous                   Discharge Stored Energy    Hit By Pressurised Fluid
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers



Continuous                   Excessive Dust             Exposure
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers




Continuous                   Excessive Noise            Exposure
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers




Continuous                   Excessive Vibration        Exposure
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers




Continuous                   Explosion Of Gas At Face   Fuel Line Ruptures Spraying
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Fuel On To Hot Engine Surface
headers                                                 Igniting And So Igniting Gas




Continuous                   Explosion Of Gas At Face   Loader Engine Backfires
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Igniting Gas
headers




Continuous                   Explosion Of Gas At Face   Loader Engine Exhaust Ignites
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Gas Present
headers
Continuous                   Explosion Of Gas At Face   Loader Engine Exhaust Ignites
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Gas Present
headers




Continuous                   Explosion Of Gas At Face   Loader Engine Overheats
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Igniting Gas
headers



Continuous                   Eye Injuries               Continuous Miner hydraulic oil
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            blowout
headers
Continuous                   Eye Injuries               Cutter Hydraulic Oil Blowout
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                     Eye Injuries             Loader Hydraulic Oil Blowout
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                     Falling Material         Falling From Machine
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                   Falling Material           Falling From Vehicle
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                   Falling Material           Rib Failure
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                   Falling Material           Roof Fall
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                   Fire at face               Accumulation of coal dust and /
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            or oil ignited by high Continuous
headers                                                 Miner temperature surfaces on




Continuous                   Fire At Face               Accumulations Of Coal Dust
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            And/Or Oil Ignited By High
headers                                                 Temperature Surfaces on
                                                        loader




Continuous                   Fire At Face               Accumulations Of Coal Dust
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            And/Or Oil Ignited By High
headers                                                 Temperature Surfaces On
                                                        Cutter
Continuous                   Fire At Face               Accumulations Of Coal Dust
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            And/Or Oil Ignited By High
headers                                                 Temperature Surfaces On
                                                        Cutter




Continuous                   Fire/Ignition              Frictional Rubbing
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers




Continuous                   Fire/Ignition              High Surface Temperature
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers



Continuous                   Over Exertion              Exposure
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                   Personnel Burns            Personal Contact With Hot
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Hydraulic Oil From Burst Hoses
headers                                                 Or Elements Of System




Continuous                   Personnel Burns            Personnel contact with hot
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            surfaces on Continuous Miner
headers


Continuous                   Personnel Burns            Personnel Contact With Hot
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Surfaces On Cutter
headers


Continuous                   Personnel Burns            Personnel Contact With Hot
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                            Surfaces On Loader
headers


Continuous                   Struck By/Caught Between   Contact With Roof Supports
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                   Struck By/Caught Between       Drill Rigs Move Covers Falling
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                   Struck By/Caught Between       Falling Onto Moving Part
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers




Continuous                   Struck By/Caught Between       Head Drops
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                     Struck By/Caught Between     Hit By Loose Objects
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                   Struck By/Caught Between       Mechanical Failure (Machine
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road                                Falling)
headers




Continuous                   Struck By/Caught Between       Suspension Failure
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                   Struck By/Caught Between       Tail Movement
Miners//Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers
Continuous                  Struck By/Caught Between        Unexpected Operation Of M/C
Miners/Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                  Struck By/Caught Between        Unplanned Movement of M/C
Miners/Cutters/Loaders/Road
headers


Continuous                  Struck By/Caught Between        Unplanned Movements M/C
Miners/Cutters/Loaders/Road                                 Parts (Unpowered)
headers



Conveyors                      Collapse Elevated Conveyor   Structural Failure -
                                                            Deterioration - Overloading -
                                                            Substandard      Installation




Conveyors                      Collapse Elevated Conveyor   Suspension Failure (Anchor
                                                            Point Failure)
Conveyors   Collapse Elevated Conveyor   Suspension Failure (Anchor
                                         Point Failure)




Conveyors   Collapse Elevated Conveyor   Suspension Failure
                                         (Component Failure)


Conveyors   Contact Moving Parts         Caught In - Idlers - Pulleys -
                                         Take Ups




Conveyors   Contact Moving Parts         Falling Onto Moving Parts




Conveyors   Contact Moving Parts         Man Riding




Conveyors   Contact Moving Parts         Unexpected Operation Of
                                         Equipment


Conveyors   Discharge Stored Energy      Hit By Component Propelled By
                                         Stored Energy
Conveyors   Discharge Stored Energy     Hit By Component Propelled By
                                        Stored Energy




Conveyors   Explosion                   Conveyor Fire In Return Airway




Conveyors   Falling/Flying Material     Overloading

Conveyors   Falling/Flying Material     Substandard Operations/
                                        Conditions - Belt Wander -
                                        Belt Torn - Conveyor Too
                                        Steep




Conveyors   Fire                        Collapsed Bearings




Conveyors   Fire                        Frictional Heating Of Structure
                                        By Conveyor Belt




Conveyors   Fire                        Frictional Ignition By Belt
                                        Rubbing On Coal Spillage




Conveyors   Fire                        Overheating In Fluid Coupling




Conveyors   Fire On Unit                Accumulations Of Coal Dust/Oil
                                        Ignited By Hot Surfaces On Unit




Conveyors   Inhalation Of Noxious Gas   Inhalation Of Fumes From Fire
Conveyors   Inhalation Of Noxious Gas      Inhalation Of Fumes From Fire


Conveyors   Inhalation Of Excessive Dust   Dust Generated At Transfer




Conveyors   Runaway Belt                   Adverse Grades

Conveyors   Runaway Belt                   Equipment Failure - Anti Run
                                           Back - Brakes - Belting -
                                           Joints

Conveyors   Runaway Belt                   Failure Temporary Joint


Conveyors   Runaway Belt                   Unplanned Movement During
                                           Installation Of Temporary Joint


Drills      Hearing Damage                 Personnel Exposed To High
                                           Noise Levels And Doses From
                                           Drilling Equipment, Scrapers,
                                           Loaders And Face Conveyors




Drills      Personnel Burns                Personnel Contact With Hot
                                           Hydraulic Oil From Burst Jumbo
                                           Or Drill Hoses Or Other
                                           Elements Of Hydraulic System
Drills      Uncontrolled movement of drill Failure of equipment
            Rods


Drills      Personnel Burns                Personnel Contact With Hot
                                           Surfaces On Drills Or Drill
                                           Jumbo


Fans        Contact With Moving Parts      Exposed Moving Parts


Fans        Explosion                      Incendive Spark




Fans        Explosion                      Spark Caused By Damaged
                                           Housing
Fans                    Explosion                   Spark Caused By Damaged
                                                    Housing


Fans                    Explosion                   Sparking Caused By Foreign
                                                    Object




Fans                    Fire                        Bearing Failure




Fans                    Fire                        Frictional Heating Of Rotating
                                                    Part


Fans                    Noise                       Personal Exposure




Free Steered Vehicles   Explosion of coal dust on   Explosion of Internal
                        wheeling road               Combustion Engine ignites dust




Free Steered Vehicles   Falling Object              Machine Contact With Supports
                                                    Or Roadway

Free Steered Vehicles   Fire                        Frictional Heating Of Brakes




Free Steered Vehicles   Fire                        Mechanical Failure Of Bearings




Free Steered Vehicles   Fire on unit                Burst hydraulic hose sprays on
                                                    to high temp surface OR Diesel
                                                    fuel sprayed on hot surface
                                                      to high temp surface OR Diesel
                                                      fuel sprayed on hot surface




Free Steered Vehicles   Fire on unit                  High surface temperature ignite
                                                      accumulation of coal dust / oil




Free Steered Vehicles   Hearing Damage                Personnel exposed to high
                                                      noise levels and doses from
                                                      unit operation




Free Steered Vehicles   Ignition of gas in wheeling   High surface temperatures in
                        roads or shunts               accumulation of gas




Free Steered Vehicles   Ignition of gas in wheeling   Operation of Internal
                        roads or shunts               Combustion Engine




Free Steered Vehicles   Ignition of gas in wheeling   Overheated brakes in presence
                        roads or shunts               of gas


Free Steered Vehicles   Noise                         Personnel Exposure




Free Steered Vehicles   Personnel Burns               Personnel contact with hot
                                                      hydraulic oils


Free Steered Vehicles   Personnel Burns               Personnel contact with hot
                                                      surfaces on unit


Free Steered Vehicles   Personnel Contact With        Uncontrolled Movement
                        Moving Vehicle
Free Steered Vehicles   Personnel Contact With       Uncontrolled Movement
                        Moving Vehicle




Free Steered Vehicles   Transfer Of Machine Energy   Vibration


Free Steered Vehicles   Vehicle Contact With         Uncontrolled Movement
                        Stationary Object




IC Engine Systems       Asphyxiation/ Poisoning      Personnel Breathe Air
                                                     Contaminated By Fumes From
                                                     Internal Combustion Engine
                                                     Equipment




IC Engine Systems       Contamination Of Atmosphere Leak From Pipes
                        By Lpg Or Cng Fuel




IC Engine Systems       Contamination Of Atmosphere Ruptured Tank
                        By Lpg Or Cng Fuel


IC Engine Systems       Explosion Of Flammable Gas   Incendive Spark From Electrical
                        In Atmosphere                Cables In Hazardous Area
IC Engine Systems   Explosion Of Flammable Gas   Incendive Spark From Electrical
                    In Atmosphere                Cables In Hazardous Area




IC Engine Systems   Explosion Of Flammable Gas   Static Electricity In Hazardous
                    In Atmosphere                Area




IC Engine Systems   Explosion Of Flammable Gas   Vehicle Running In Explosive
                    In Atmosphere                Risk Zone




IC Engine Systems   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust Internal Combustion Engine
                    On Face                      Exhaust Or Backfire Through
                                                 Intake Ignites Gas
                                                 Accumulation




IC Engine Systems   Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust Overheating Of Internal
                    On Face                      Combustion Engines In
                                                 Presence Of Dust/Gas




IC Engine Systems   Eye Injuries                 Excessive Fumes And Irritants
                                                 From Internal Combustion
                                                 Engines On Equipment Used
                                                 To Install/Remove Longwall
                                                 Elements
IC Engine Systems   Fire                          Compressor Outlet Hose
                                                  Overheating
IC Engine Systems   Fire                          Frictional Rubbing Of V Belt


IC Engine Systems   Fire                          Fuel On Hot Surfaces




IC Engine Systems   Fire                          Hot Exhaust Impacting
                                                  Flammable Material
IC Engine Systems   Fire                          Overheated Engine Surface




IC Engine Systems   Fire                          Uncontrolled Sparks From
                                                  Exhaust
IC Engine Systems   Fire And Explosion In Lpg And Leak Onto Electrical Equipment
                    Cng Engine




IC Engine Systems   Fire And Explosion In Lpg And Leak Onto Hot Surface
                    Cng Engine




IC Engine Systems   Inhalation Of Noxious Gas     Pollution From Exhaust




IC Engine Systems   Tissue Damage From Cold       Inadvertent Contact
                    Parts In Lpg Or Cng Engines

IC Engine Systems   Uncontrolled Heat Source      Contact With Hot Exhaust Gas
IC Engine Systems               Uncontrolled Movement          Brake Failure




                                Uncontrolled Movement          Rope Failure




Installation/Maint Activities   Fire                           Flammable Substances
                                                               Spraying Onto Hot Surface




Installation/Maint Activities   Fire                           Hot Work (Oxy/Acetylene)
                                                               Grinding/Welding (Cont.)




Lifting Equipment               Uncontrolled Falling Objects   Failure Of Lifting Equipment




Lifting Equipment               Uncontrolled Falling Objects   Failure Of Lifting Sling




Lifting Equipment               Uncontrolled Falling Objects   Incorrect Slinging Of Load


Lifting Equipment               Uncontrolled Falling Objects   Overloading
Lifting Equipment   Uncontrolled Falling Objects   Overloading


Lifting Equipment   Uncontrolled Falling Objects   Transfer Of Kinetic Energy

Longwall            Contact Moving Components      Falling Onto Moving Parts




Longwall            Contact Moving Components      Unexpected Operation And
                                                   Machine (Supports Shearer,
                                                   Afc, Sizer)



Longwall            Crushed Against Rib/Face       Component Failure




Longwall            Crushed Against Rib/Face       Misuse/Malfunction Remote
                                                   Control




Longwall            Crushed Against Rib/Face       Operator/Bystander Error




Longwall            Crushed Against Rib/Face       Runaway Shearer On Slope




Longwall            Discharge Stored Energy        Burnt By Hot Fluid




Longwall            Discharge Stored Energy        Hit By Component Propelled By
                                                   Strain Energy (Chain, Hoses)


Longwall            Discharge Stored Energy        Hit By Pressurised Fluid
Longwall   Discharge Stored Energy      Hit By Pressurised Fluid




Longwall   Excessive Dust               Exposure




Longwall   Excessive Noise              Exposure




Longwall   Eye Injuries                 Excessive Fumes And Irritants
                                        From Internal Combustion
                                        Engines On Equipment Used
                                        To Install/Remove Longwall
Longwall   Eye Injuries                 Elements
                                        Hydraulic Fluid Blowouts


Longwall   Eye Injuries                 Hydraulic Fluid Blowouts As
                                        Face Is Being Installed Or
Longwall   Fire                         Removed Rubbing
                                        Frictional And Elements Are




Longwall   Fire                         High Surface Temperature




Longwall   Fire At Face                 Accumulations Of Coal Dust
                                        And/Or Oil Ignited By High
                                        Temperature Surfaces On
                                        Equipment Used To
                                        Install/Remove Longwall




Longwall   Fire On Longwall Equipment   Overheating Of Hydraulic
                                        Pumps Due To Cavitation Or
                                        Low Fluid Levels Causing
                                        Pumps To Run Dry
Longwall                       Fire On Longwall Equipment      Overheating Of Hydraulic
                                                               Pumps Due To Cavitation Or
                                                               Low Fluid Levels Causing
                                                               Pumps To Run Dry

Longwall                       Hearing Damage                  Personnel Exposed To High
                                                               Noise Levels And Doses From
                                                               Equipment Used To
                                                               Install/Remove Longwall
                                                               Elements




Longwall                       Hearing Damage                  Personnel Exposed To High
                                                               Noise Levels And Doses From
                                                               Longwall Equipment Operation




Longwall                       Material Falling Or Projected   Cutting Under Unusual Or High
                                                               Conditions




Longwall                       Material Falling Or Projected   Material Falling From Or
                                                               Between Chocks

Longwall                       Material Falling Or Projected   Material From Sizer




Longwall                       Struck By/ Caught Between       Unplanned Movement Of
                                                               Machine (Shearer, Supports)




Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Contact With Roadway            Derailment




Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Fire                            Frictional Heating Of Brakes




Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Fire                            Mechanical Failure Of Bearings
Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Fire                         Mechanical Failure Of Bearings




Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Noise                        Personnel Exposure




Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Operator Contact With        Uncontrolled Movement Of
                               Machine                      Person


Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Personnel Contact With       Uncontrolled Movement
                               Moving Machine




Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Personnel Contact With       Swinging Loads
                               Outside Environment
Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Personnel Contact With       Uncontrolled Movement Of
                               Outside Environment          Person




Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Transfer Of Machine Energy   Vibration


Railed Vehicles inc Monorail   Vehicle Contact With Other   Uncontrolled Movement
                               Vehicle




Services/General               Contact With Moving Parts    Unprotected Rotating Elements
Services/General   Muscular Damage                Manual Handling




Services/General   Uncontrolled Release Of        Burst Hydraulic Hoses
                   Pressure Energy


Services/General   Uncontrolled Release Of        Burst Hydraulic Hoses
                   Pressure Energy
Services/General   Uncontrolled Release Of        Incorrect Use Of Hydraulic
                   Pressure Energy                Equipment


Services/Hoses     Static Electricity From Hose   Compressed Air Transmission


Services/Hoses     Static Electricity From Hose   Stone Dust Spraying


Services/Hoses     Uncontrolled Release Of        Burst Air/Hose
                   Energy

Services/Hoses     Uncontrolled Release Of        Unrestrained Hose
                   Energy
Services/Pipes     Falling Pipes                  Failed Suspension System




Services/Pipes     Release Of Stored Energy       Burst Pipe/Joints
                   From Pipes




Shuttle Cars       Contact With Moving Parts      Falling Onto Moving Parts




Shuttle Cars       Contact With Moving Parts      Unexpected Operation Of M/C




Shuttle Cars       Crushed Against                Bystander Error
                   Rib/Face/Roof
Shuttle Cars   Crushed Against              Failure Of Component
               Rib/Face/Roof
Shuttle Cars   Crushed Against              Operator Error
               Rib/Face/Roof


Shuttle Cars   Crushed Against              Runaway On Slope
               Rib/Face/Roof


Shuttle Cars   Discharge Of Stored Energy   Burnt By Hot Fluid




Shuttle Cars   Discharge Of Stored Energy   Flying Tyre Lock Ring


Shuttle Cars   Discharge Of Stored Energy   Hit By Components Propelled
                                            By Strain Energy




Shuttle Cars   Discharge Of Stored Energy   Hit By Pressurised Fluid




Shuttle Cars   Excessive Dust               Exposure




Shuttle Cars   Excessive Noise              Exposure




Shuttle Cars   Excessive Vibration          Exposure
Shuttle Cars      Falling Material            From Vehicle




Shuttle Cars      Falling Material            Roof Fall Rib Failure




Shuttle Cars      Fire                        Frictional Rubbing




Shuttle Cars      Fire                        High Surface Temperature




Shuttle Cars      Struck By/ Caught Between   Contact With Roof Supports


Shuttle Cars      Struck By/ Caught Between   Hit By Loose Objects




Shuttle Cars      Struck By/ Caught Between   Unplanned Movement M/C
                                              Parts (Unpowered)


Towing of Loads   Caught Between              Caught In Articulation Point


Towing of Loads   Caught Between              Incorrect Operation

Towing of Loads   Caught Between              Lack Of Awareness




Towing of Loads   Caught Between              Structural/Coupling Failure


Towing of Loads   Rollover                    Incorrect Procedure

Towing of Loads   Rollover                    Overloading

Towing of Loads   Rollover                    Structured Failure
Towing of Loads            Rollover                     Structured Failure




Towing of loads            Runaway                      Brake Failure




Towing of loads            Runaway                      Excessive Gradients

Towing of loads            Runaway                      Incorrect Procedures

Towing of loads            Runaway                      Structure Failure

Towing of Loads            Runover                      Inappropriate Grade




Towing of Loads            Runover                      Incorrect Operation

Towing of Loads            Runover                      Lack Of Awareness




Towing of Loads            Runover                      Structure/Component Failure


U/G Coal Storage           Explosion                    Spark In Explosive Levels Of
                                                        Methane In Vicinity Of Storage
                                                        Areas

Underground Coal Storage   Fire                         Spontaneous Combustion




U/G Coal Storage           Respiratory Damage           Inhalation Of Dust




U/G Coal Storage           Uncontrolled Event Leading   Falling From Heights
                           To Physical Injury




U/G Coal Storage           Uncontrolled Event Leading   Struck By Falling Objects
                           To Physical Injury
U/G Coal Storage           Uncontrolled Event Leading   Struck By Falling Objects
                           To Physical Injury


U/G Coal Storage           Uncontrolled Event Leading   Structural Failure
                           To Physical Injury




U/G Coal Storage           Uncontrolled Event Leading   Uncontrolled Flow Of Material
                           To Physical Injury




Underground Fuel Storage   Exposure To Fumes And Heat Uncontrolled Fire




Underground Fuel Storage   Fire                         Grass Fire


Underground Fuel Storage   Fire                         Lightning Strike
Underground Fuel Storage   Fire                         Naked Flame

Underground Fuel Storage   Fire                         Re-Fuelling Diesel Vehicle




Underground Fuel Storage   Fire                         Static Electricity
Underground Fuel Storage   Fire                         Vehicle Impact


Underground Fuel Storage   Uncontrolled Release Of      Damaged Pipe Tank Or Valve
                           Flammable Fuel




Underground Fuel Storage   Uncontrolled Release Of      Overfilling Of Underground
                           Flammable Fuel               Tank




Underground Fuel Storage   Uncontrolled Release Of      Spillage
                           Flammable Fuel


Underground                Asphyxiation                 Confined Work Environment
Installation/Maint


Underground                Contact With Moving Parts    Exposed Moving Objects/Parts
Installation/Maint




Underground                Electrocution                Confined Work Environment
Installation/Maint




Underground                Excessive Light/ Radiation   Electric Arc From Welding
Installation/Maint




Underground                Explosion Of Gas Or Gas/Dust Cutting, Welding Or Grind
installation/Maint         On Face                      Operations Ignite Gas




Underground                Fire At Face                 Accumulations Of Flammable
installation/Maint                                      Material Ignited By Cutting,
                                                        Welding, Grinding Operations
Underground          Fire At Face                   Accumulations Of Flammable
installation/Maint                                  Material Ignited By Cutting,
                                                    Welding, Grinding Operations




Underground          Flying Objects Striking Eye    Installation Maintenance Activity
Installation/Maint




Underground          Inhalation Of Toxic Substance Uncontrolled Hazardous
Installation/Maint                                 Substances




Underground          Irrespirable Atmosphere        Confined Work Environment
Installation/Maint




Underground          Noise                          Personal Exposure
Installation/Maint




Underground          Struck By Uncontrolled Falling Incorrect Lifting Procedures
Installation/Maint   Objects


Underground          Struck By Uncontrolled Falling Lifting Equipment Failure
Installation/Maint   Objects
Underground          Tissue Damage               Contact With Solvents And
Installation/Maint                               Other Objects




Underground          Tripping And Falling        Unsatisfactory Floor Surfaces
Installation/Maint



Underground          Uncontrolled Movement Of    Manual Handling
Installation/Maint   Loads




Winding/Haulage      Accumulation Of Flammable   Fuel Pipeline Rupture
                     Liquid

Winding / Haulage    Accumulation Of Methane     Failure Of Pipeline
                     From Drainage System


Winding/Haulage      Collision Between           Incorrect Action Of Decking
                     Conveyance And Shaft        Equipment
                     Equipment

Winding/Haulage      Collision Between           Overwind
                     Conveyance And Shaft
                     Equipment




Winding/Haulage      Collision Between           Guide Failure
                     Conveyances




Winding/Haulage      Collision Between           Uncontrolled Lateral Movement
                     Conveyances
Winding/Haulage   Collision Between            Uncontrolled Lateral Movement
                  Conveyances




Winding/Haulage   Conveyance Hang Up           Operational Malfunction




Winding/Haulage   Fire                         Frictional Ignition




Winding/Haulage   Fire                         Hot Work Procedures




Winding/Haulage   Flooding                     Inundation At Surface

Winding/Haulage   Flooding                     Inundation From Shaft

Winding/Haulage   Flooding                     Pipe Failure


Winding/Haulage   Objects Falling Down Shaft   Component Failure (Pipes,
                                               Chains, Cables)




Winding/Haulage   Objects Falling Down Shaft   Inappropriate Maintenance
                                               Procedure




Winding/Haulage   Objects Falling Down Shaft   Incorrect Loading Procedures
                                               Of Unusual Loads
Winding/Haulage   Objects Falling Down Shaft   Skip Malfunction




Winding/Haulage   Objects Falling Down Shaft   Structure Failure (Shaft Wall
                                               Lining Collar)

Winding/Haulage   Persons Falling Down Shaft   Component Failure


Winding/Haulage   Persons Falling Down Shaft   Unusual Work




Winding/Haulage   Persons Held In Shaft        Component Failure Or Power
                                               Trip

Winding/Haulage   Transfer To U/G Storage      Hang Up On Mined Materials
                                               Strata (Bunkers)

Winding/Haulage   Uncontrolled Movement        Component Failure




Winding/Haulage   Uncontrolled Movement        Excessive Deceleration/
                                               Acceleration




Winding/Haulage   Uncontrolled Movement        Incorrect Operation
Winding/Haulage   Uncontrolled Movement      Overspeed




Winding/Haulage   Uncontrolled Movement      Overwinding




Winding/Haulage   Uncontrolled Movement      Rope Tangle Balance Rope


Winding/Haulage   Uncontrolled Movement Of   Failure Of Rope Or Suspension
                  Conveyance                 Device
                                                               Go to
                                                       Hierarchy of Controls

ELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                                    Go to Underground Menu

             Continuous Miners / Cutters /
                                                Conveyors
             Loaders / Roadheaders


             IC Engine Systems                  Lifting Equipment


             Services / General                 Services/Hoses


             U/G Coal Storage                   Underground Fuel Storage




             Control                            References
             Limitation of unit surface
             Provision of fire fighting
             equipment
             temperatures
             Unit housekeeping
             Unit maintenance
             Use of fire fighting equipment
             Allowable noise levels/doses
             Bolter design to minimise noise
             production
             Hearing protection where
             necessary
             Limitation of exposure
             Noise auditing
             Hose selection/maintenance
             Temperature limitation in
             hydraulic circuits
             Unit maintenance
             Protective equipment if required

             Unit surface temperature
             limitations
             Wet drilling
             Design control
                                                AS 1210 Pressure vessels
             Competence
             Inspection
                                                AS/NZS 3788 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection
Maintain schedule                 AS/NZS 3788 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection

Design                            AS 1210 Pressure vessels
Inspection
NDT testing                       AS/NZS 3788 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection

Inspection
Maintenance
Pressure gauges
Relief valves
Safety valves
Barriers
Correct location
Installation
Risk assessment
Sitting of pipeline
Guarding
Location
Correct oil selection
Dilution by ventilation
Maintenance
Oil traps
Design limitation
Limit exposure time
Maintenance
Provide Barriers
Fixed location in NERZ

Design of drive
Fire resistant belts
Maintenance
Maintenance schedule
Temperature gauges
Temperature limiting device 150
degrees
Fixed location in NERZ
Inlet filters
Cleanliness of surfaces
Flow gauges
Maintenance
Temperature gauges
Temperature limiting device 150
degrees
Design
Lubrications
Maintenance
Temperature limiting device 150
degrees
Temperature monitoring of
bearings
Vibration monitoring of bearings

Adequate cooling system
Housekeeping
Location of compressor
Maintenance
Temperature limiting devices 150
degrees
Design (minimise exposure)
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (prestart warning)
Isolation
Work procedure
Design
Machine maintenance
Design (adequacy)
Operate competence
Work procedure
Correct equipment selection
Design
Machine maintenance
Work procedure
Design (Ergonomics)
Lighting
Operator competence
Work procedure
Design (fail safe brakes)
Machine maintenance
Operator competence
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise exposure)
Isolation
Maintain
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise exposure)
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise exposure)
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedure
Design (minimise dust)
Limit exposure levels
Maintenance
Provide barriers
Ventilation
Design (minimise noise levels)

Limit exposure levels
M/c maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
Protective Equipment)
Barriers
Competence
Design (minimise exposure)
Work procedure
Competence
Work procedure
Competence
Work procedure
Antistatic/fire resistant belting
Competence
Design (minimise possibility)
Inspect
Maintenance
Minimise combustible
Inspect
Limit surface temp 150 degrees

Minimise combustible
Competence
Design
Inspection
Testing
Work procedure (also see roof
bolting section)
Design
Inspection
Testing
Work procedure
Competence
Design (fail safe brakes)
Isolation
Work procedures
Adequate ventilation
Fume auditing
Loader engine design
Loader engine maintenance
Operating procedure
Barrier/guards
Competence
Design minimise risk
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedures
Competence                      significant incident 54
Design (prestart warning)
Isolation                       significant incident 54
Work procedure (maintenance)

Competence
Lighting
Work procedure
Design
Machine maintenance
Design (adequacy for purpose)

Machine maintenance
Work procedures
Design (adequacy for purpose)

Operator competence
Work procedure
Correct equipment selection
Design (fail safe)
                                safety alert 36
Equipment maintenance
Work procedure
Lighting
Machine design (ergonomic)
Operator competence
Work procedure
Fail safe brakes (m/c design)
                                safety alert 56
Machine maintenance
Operator competence
Work procedure                  safety alert 56
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolation
Maintain
Work procedures
Maintain
Work procedures
Work procedures
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolate
Maintain
Remove energy
Work procedures
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolation
Maintain
Work procedures
Competence
Design (Minimise Risk)
Limit exposure
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
protective equipment)
Competence
Limit exposure (time)
Limit noise levels (m/c design)
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
protective equipment)
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Limit personal exposure
Maintenance
Provide barriers
Provide barriers (seats)
Work procedures
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Design of engine
Gas monitoring/inspections
Limitation of surface temperature

Maintenance of engine
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Engine design
Engine intake flametraps
Engine maintenance
Gas monitoring/inspections
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Design of engine exhaust
Engine maintenance
Exhaust flametraps
Gas monitoring/inspections
Limitation of exhaust
temperature
Engine cooling system design
Engine system maintenance
Low level coolant cut out
Overheating cutouts
Temperature limits
Continuous Miner maintenance

Eye protection where required
Cutter maintenance
Eye protection where required
Eye protection where required
Loader maintenance
Competence
Minimise exposure (m/c design)

Work procedure
Competence
Machine design
Maintenance (roadway)
Work procedure
Competence
Provide barrier (m/c design)
Work procedure
Competence
Maintenance
Provide barrier (m/c design)
Work procedure (mining)
Continuous Miner housekeeping

Continuous Miner maintenance

Limitation of Continuous Miner
surface temperatures
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment
Limitation of mobile loader
surface temperatures
Loader housekeeping
Loader maintenance
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment
Cutter housekeeping
Cutter maintenance
Limitation of mobile cutters
surface temperatures
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Fire fighting equipment
Inspect
Maintenance
Minimise combustibles
Fire fighting equip (
Inspect
Limit surface temp (design) 150
Degrees
Minimise combustibles
Competency
Design (ease of maintenance)
Maintain environment
Work procedure
Cutter maintenance
Hose selection
Hose selection
Loader maintenance
Temperature limitation in
hydraulic circuits
Temperature limitation in
hydraulic circuits
Continuous Miner maintenance

Hose selection
Temperature limitation in
hydraulic circuits
Continuous Miner surface
temperature limitation
Protective equipment if required

Cutter surface temperature
limitation
Protective equipment if required

Loader surface temperature
limitation
Protective equipment if required

Competence
Design (barriers)
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Work procedure
Competence
Illumination
Isolation (maintenance)
Maintain (guards)
Minimise exposure (design)
Work procedures
Competence
Work procedure
Barrier (m/c design)
Competence
Housekeeping
Work procedure
Competence
Design
Inspection
Testing
Work procedure (see roof
bolting)
Inspection
Isolation
Testing
Work procedures
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Work procedure
Competence
Design (prestart warning)
Isolation
Work procedures
Competence
Design (ease of maintenance)
                                safety alert 33
Design (fail safe)
Work procedure
Competence                      safety alert 23
Design (minimise possibility)
Isolation
Work procedure (maintenance)    safety alert 23

Competence

Design (adequacy for duty)
                                safety alert 23
Inspection
Installation procedures
Maintenance
Competence
Design (adequacy application)
Inspection
Installation procedure
Testing of anchorage
Competence
Design (adequacy application)
Inspection
Maintenance
Competence
Design (provide guards)
                                significant incident 12
Emergency stops
Isolation
Lighting
Maintenance
Prestart warning
                                significant incident 12
Work procedures
Competence
Design (provide crossings)
Design (provide guards)
Isolation procedure
Lighting
Maintenance
Work procedures
Clearance
Competence in use
Design (provide crossings)
Design (provide guards)
Getting off points
Getting on points
Inspection
Isolation procedure
Lighting
Limitations of man riding
Maintenance
Overtravel trips
Procedure for use
Speed control
System design
Competence
Isolation procedure
                                significant incident 12
Prestart warning
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolate stored energy
Maintenance
Work procedure
Automatic shutdown
CH4 Monitoring
CO monitoring
Ventilation control
Competence
System design
Competence
Design (adequacy for purpose)

Design (provide carriers in
elevated conveyors)
Inspection
Installation procedure
Maintenance
Design of idlers
Fire resistant belting
Fire suppression system (see fire
fighting)
Housekeeping
Inspection
Maintenance
Belt alignment switches
Crowned drive drums
Design of structure
Fire resistant belting
Fire suppression system
Risk assessment
Tracking rollers
Design of belt capacity
Design of transfer
Fire resistant belting
Housekeeping
Inspection
Competence
Design
Fire resistant fluid
Installation
Maintenance
Limitation on surface
temperatures
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Unit housekeeping
Unit maintenance/inspection
Use of fire fighting equipment
Fire prevention system
Installation in return air
Ventilation Plan
Design of loading and transfer
point
Ventilation flow
Water suppression
Anti run back
Braking system
Competence
Design (adequacy for duty)
Inspection
Maintenance
Competence
Design (adequacy for duty)
Installation procedure
Competence
Design (adequacy equipment for
duty)
Procedure
Allowable noise level/doses
Equipment design to minimise
noise production
Hearing protection where
necessary
Limitation of exposure
Noise auditing
Hose design/selection
Jumbo/hose maintenance
Temperature limitation in
hydraulic circuits
Operator competence
                                   significant incident 57
Machine maintenance
Operating procedures               safety alert 8
Jumbo surface temperature
limitation
Operating procedure
Protective equipment if required

Guarding
Maintenance
Risk assessment
Anti-spark rings
Certified equipment in ERZ
Limit air quality
Maintenance
Vibration monitoring
Mechanical design
Operational procedure
Protective skids/on auxiliary fan

Air quality limit
Housekeeping
Installation of auxiliary fan
Mesh screen on intake
Start up procedures
Certified equipment in ERZ
Maintenance
Temperature limits
Thermal cut outs
Thermal monitoring
Vibration monitoring
Certified equipment in ERZ
Fire resistant materials
Maintenance
Thermal monitoring
Design limitation
Limit exposure time
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
protective equipment)
Adequate ventilation
Dust auditing for combustibles
Engine maintenance
Engine maintenance
Explosion protected IC engine
Inertisation of dust present
Operating procedure
Protective structure
Risk assessment
Roadway design
Design temperature limitation
150 degrees
Enclosed brake systems
Fire fighting equipment
Maintenance
Design
Fire fighting equipment
Lubrication
Maintenance
Limitation of surface temperature

Machine design
Machine housekeeping
Machine maintenance
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment
Machine housekeeping
Machine maintenance
Operating procedure
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Surface temperature limitation
Use of fire fighting equipment
Allowable noise levels / doses
Hearing protection where
necessary
Limitation of exposure
Noise auditing
Unit design to minimise noise
production
Adequate ventilation
Gas monitoring / inspection
Maintenance
Operating procedure
Overtemp cut offs
Surface temperature limitation
Adequate ventilation
Design of Internal Combustion
Engine
Engine maintenance
Engine shutdown control
Explosion proofing of IC engine

Gas monitoring / inspection
Operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Brake design
Brake maintenance
Operating procedure
Design (limitation)
Limit exposure
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
protective equipment)
Hose selection
Temperature limitation in
hydraulic circuits
Unit maintenance
Protective equipment if required

Unit surface temperature
limitations
(See Mining Operations)
Brake systems                     AS 2958.1 Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Wheeled
                                  machines - Brakes
Dynamic brake test
Lighting system
Maintenance
Operating procedure (Traffic)
Operator competence               significant incident 54
Restricted access
Risk assessment (refer also to
Safety Management Section)

Steering systems
Assessment
Ergonomic seating
Machine design
Brake systems                     AS 2958.1 Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Wheeled
                                  machines - Brakes
Dynamic brake test
Lighting system
Maintenance
Operating procedure               safety alert 54
Operator competence
Restricted access
Risk assessment
Steering systems
Vehicle Design
Adequate ventilation
Allowable fume levels
Fume auditing
Internal combustion engine
design
Internal combustion engine
maintenance
Certified competence
                                  Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004

Design                            AS/NZS 1425 LP Gas fuel systems for vehicle engines
Maintenance                       AS 2746 Working areas for gas-fuelled vehicles
Restrict operation to NERZ
Ventilation
Design
                                  AS/NZS 1425 LP Gas fuel systems for vehicle engines
Mechanical protection
Restrict access to ERZ
Ventilation procedure
Maintenance
Mechanical protection for cable

Limit use of light alloys
Maintenance
Protection of light alloy
Anti static compressor hose
Anti static fans
Anti static V belts                 AS/NZS 3584 Diesel engine systems for underground coal
Explosive protected certified       mines
engine system
Certified electrical equipment
Explosive protected certified
engine system                       AS/NZS 3584 Diesel engine systems for underground coal
Flameproof exhaust                  mines
Flameproof inlet
Limit surface temperature 150
degrees
Limit surface temperature to 150
degrees
Maintenance
Maintenance
of non certified vehicles
Restrict access to hazardous
area
Ventilation
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Design of internal combustion
engine intakes and exhaust
systems
Gas monitoring/inspection
Internal combustion engine
maintenance
Internal combustion engine
operating procedure
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Gas monitoring/inspection
Internal combustion engine
design
Internal combustion engine
maintenance
Mobile equipment operating
procedure
Provision of high temperature cut
outs
Adequate ventilation
Fire resistant hose
                                   AS/NZS 3584 Diesel engine systems for underground coal
Engine design                      mines
Fire resistant belt
Maintenance
Limit surface temperature 150
degrees
Refuelling procedure
Restrict to fuel with vapour
ignition temperature greater than
450 Degrees
Limit exit temperature of exhaust
to 150 degrees
Automatic shut down for
overtemp
Engine cleanliness
Engine cooling capacity           AS/NZS 3584 Diesel engine systems for underground coal
Engine design                     mines
Limitation of temperature 150
degrees
Maintenance
Water jacketed manifolds          AS/NZS 3584 Diesel engine systems for underground coal
                                  mines
Spark arresters

Certified competence               Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Design                             AS/NZS 1425 LP Gas fuel systems for vehicle engines
Electrical design
Electrical maintenance
Maintenance                        AS 2746 Working areas for gas-fuelled vehicles
Screwed plug adaptors
Spark plugs shrouded
Certified competence               Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
Design                             AS/NZS 1425 LP Gas fuel systems for vehicle engines
Limit surface temperature 150
degrees
Maintenance                        AS 2740 Wedge-type sockets
Catalytic converter
Environmental limit
Monitoring
Operating limit traffic rules
Use of non polluting fuel
Ventilation quantity
Certified competence (Gas Act)

Identification                     AS/NZS 1425 LP Gas fuel systems for vehicle engines
Control position of exhaust exit
from machine
Design factors of safety
Fail safe design
Maintenance
Non Destructive Testing of
components
Periodic performance tests
Secondary systems
Assessment of breaking strength

Correct selection                 AS 3569 Steel wire ropes - Product specification
Load/cycle assessment of rope
life
Maintenance (lubrication)
Periodic inspections
Periodic Non Destructive tests
Fuel dispensing procedure
Limit potential/design
Limit surface temperature
Maintenance procedure
Proper Storage and control of
flammable substances
Competence
Fire fighting equipment
Fire proof area
Housekeeping
Minimise need through design
Operational limits
Prohibit in ER Zones
Removal of flammable objects
Risk assessment
Ventilation control
Work procedures
Hoist/crane design                AS 1418 Cranes, hoists and winches
Hoist/crane maintenance           significant incident 43
Inspection
Lifting capacity identification   safety alert 55
Non Destructive Testing of
hoist/crane parts
Competence
Correct selection of slings
Inspection of slings
Maintenance of slings
Out of use storage
Sling capacity tags
Assessment
Competence
Work procedure
Competence
Marking of load weights
Risk assessment                      significant incident 28
Barriers (Personal Protective
Equipment)
Barriers
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolation
Lighting
Maintenance (guards)
Work procedure
Competence
Design (prestart warning)
Isolation                            safety alert 76
Lighting
Work procedure
Competence
Design (adequacy for
application)
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (application specific, fail
safe)
Design (ergonomic principles)
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Isolation
Lighting
Work procedure
Competence
Design
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence                           safety alert 60
Design (minimise risk)
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise)
Limit exposure levels
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
Protective Equipment)
Ventilation
Work procedure
Design (limit noise level)
Limit exposure levels
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
Protective Equipment)
Allowable fume levels
Engine design
Engine maintenance
Fume auditing
Eye protection where required
Maintenance of hydraulic system

Eye protection where required
Operating procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Fire fighting equipment
Inspection
Maintenance
Minimise combustibles
Competence
Fire fighting equipment
Inspect
Limit surface temperature 150
degrees
Minimise combustibles
Auditing of surface temperature

Equipment housekeeping
High temperature cut outs
Limitation of surface temperature

Maintenance of equipment
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Use of fire fighting equipment
Design of fluid reservoirs
Design of pumps
Monitoring
Provision of alarms, sensors and
cut out units
Allowable noise levels/doses
Equipment design to minimise
noise production
Hearing protection where
necessary
Limitation of exposure
Noise auditing
Operating procedure
Allowable noise levels/doses
Equipment design to minimise
noise production
Hearing protection where
necessary
Limitation of exposure
Noise auditing
Operating procedure
Competence
Design (adequacy for
application)
Provide barriers
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence                       safety alert 31
Design (minimise possibility)
Isolation                        safety alert 31
Lighting
Work procedure                   safety alert 31
Curve elevation
Speed limitations traffic rules
Track design
Track installation procedure
Track maintenance
Design limitation of temperature
150 degrees
Enclosed brake systems
Fire fighting equipment
System design
Equipment design
Fire fighting equipment
Lubrication
Maintenance
Design (limit noise)
Limit exposure
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
Protective Equipment)
Air bag
Ergonomic operators
compartment
Seat belts
Access restrictions
Braking system
Clearances
Competence
Equipment design
Gradient limitation for traction
locos
Lighting system
Maintenance
Maintenance procedure
Operating procedure
Periodic dynamic brake test
Sanders
Clearances
Load profile, (traffic rules)
Enclosed compartment
Ergonomic operator
compartment
Protective structure
Seat belts
Assessment
Ergonomic seating
Machine design
Access restrictions
Braking system
Clearances
Competence
Equipment design
Gradient limitation for traction
locos
Lighting system
Maintenance
Maintenance procedure
Operating procedure
Periodic dynamic brake test
Sanders
Design (minimise risk)
Provide barrier (guards)
Competence
Ergonomic design of work area

Load minimisation/design
Design
Housekeeping
Inspection
Maintenance
Selection

Competence
Correct selection of equipment

Operating procedure
Anti-static hoses
Conductive couplings
Earthing
Anti-static hoses
Conductive couplings
Earthing
Correct use
Design
Installation
Installation

Competence
Inspection of suspension
Installation procedure
Strata failure
Suspension design
Competence                       safety alert 215
Correct selection
Inspection                       safety alert 286
Installation procedure
Maintenance                      safety alert 286
Barriers/guards
Competence
Design minimise risk
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedures
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolation
Work procedures (maint)
Competence                       safety alert 204
Lighting
Work procedure                   safety alert 204
Design
Machine maintenance
Lighting
Machine design (ergonomic)
Operator competence
                                safety alert 026
Work procedure
Fail safe brakes (m/c design)
Machine maintenance
Operator competence
Work procedure
Competence
Design minimise exposure
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolate
Maintenance
Remove energy
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Isolation
Maintenance
Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Limit exposure
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
Protective Equipment)
Competence
Design (limit levels)
Limit exposure
Maintenance
Provide barriers (Personal
Protective Equipment)
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Limit personal exposure
Maintenance (machine)
Maintenance (road)
Provide barriers (seats)
Work procedure
Competence
Machine design
Maintenance (roadway)
Work procedure
Competence
Provide barrier (machine design)

Work procedure
Competence
Design (minimise risk)
Fire fighting equipment
Inspect
Maintenance
Minimise combustibles
Fire fighting equipment
Inspect
Limit surface temp (design) 150
degrees
Minimise combustibles
Competence
Design (barriers)
Work procedures
Barrier (machine design)
Competence
House keeping
Work procedures
Competence
Design (minimise possibility)
Work procedure (maintenance)

Competence
Design
Procedure
Competence
Operating procedure
Competence
Lightning
Reversing alarm
Reversing procedure
Competence
Correct loading
Design
Competence
Operating procedure
Competence
Loading procedures
Equipment design
Inspection
Maintenance
Operating procedure
Design
Inspection
Maintenance
Test
Design
Operating procedures
Competency
Speed limits
Design
                                 safety alert 217
Maintenance
Equipment design
Procedure
Roadway conditions
Roadway design
Competence
Procedures
Competence
Lighting
Procedures
Reversing alarm
Competence
Correct loading
Design
Certified equipment
Design
Monitoring (Environment)
Ventilation
Environment monitoring
Operational procedure
Risk assessment
Storage limitations
Temperature monitoring
Design of transfers points
Dust suppression
Provision of barrier (Personal
Protective Equipment)
Ventilation
Barriers (Personal Protective
Equipment)
Competence
Guard rails
Inspection procedure
Maintenance procedure
Design
Provision guards
Provision of Personal Protective
Equipment
Access restrictions
Bin level control
Design
Inspection
Maintenance

Risk assessment
Blocked strata bin procedure
Competence
Design of bin cone/discharge
shute
Operating procedure
Area isolation
Automatic fire alarm                 AS 1670 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom
                                     systems
Automatic fire suppression
system
Bunding                              AS 1940 The storage and handling of flammable and
                                     combustible liquids
Emergency procedures
No flammable construction
material
Periodic inspection of vents
Tank deluge spray
Tank vent to surface
Ventilation direct to return
Deluge fire system               AS 2118 Automatic fire sprinkler systems
flammable material
Keep area free of
Lightning protection of surface  AS/NZS 1768 Lightning protection
Design
Procedures
Electrical controls
Eliminate gravity feed
Illuminate area                  AS 1680 Interior Lighting
Limitation diesel engine
Minimise spillage through design

Separation distance between
bulk storage and re-fuelling point

temperature
Design
                                     AS/NZS 1020 The control of undesirable static electricity
Earthing                             AS/NZS 1768 Lightning protection
Fuel velocity limitation
Barriers
Illumination                    AS 1680 Interior Lighting
Operating procedures
Area to be bunded
Design
                                AS 1692 Steel tanks for flammable and combustible liquids
Hazop study
Maintenance
Monitoring system
Regular inspection
Design                          AS 1940 The storage and handling of flammable and
                                combustible liquids
Hazop study
Illuminate area                  AS 1680 Interior Lighting
Surface decant tank smaller than
underground tank
Area to be bunded                AS 1940 The storage and handling of flammable and
                                 combustible liquids
Housekeeping
Non absorbent floor
Barriers
Breathing apparatus
Isolation procedure
Barriers (Personal Protective
Equipment)
Guarding
Lighting                         AS 1680 Interior Lighting
Work procedures
conditions
Eliminate or control wet
Observer
Work area design
Work procedure
Barriers (Personal Protective
Equipment)
Competence




Screened areas
Adequate ventilation
Allowable gas levels
Gas monitoring/inspection
Observance of conditions for
cutting, grinding and welding
grinding and welding
Observance of conditions for
cutting,
Operating procedure
Provision of fire fighting
equipment
Removal/inertization of
flammable materials
Use of fire fighting equipment
Barriers (Personal Protective
Equipment)
Work procedures



Controlled used of hazardous
substance

Disposal procedures for
hazardous substance

Environmental limits
Operational controls on diesel
vehicles

Storage procedures for
hazardous substance
Ventilation
Work procedures for
welding/cutting
Breathing apparatus
Ergonomic evaluation
Limit of exposure
Ventilation
Work area design
Work procedures
Barriers (Personal Protective
Equipment)
Equipment design
Limit exposure time
Provision of equipment test
areas
Barriers
Lifting equipment
Manual handling competence
Work procedures
Barriers
Competence
Equipment design
Equipment maintenance
Equipment selection
Lifting procedures
Barrier creams
Barriers (Personal Protective
Equipment - gloves, etc)
Mechanised cleaning
Use of proper cleaning fluids
Correct footwear Personal
Protective Equipment
Housekeeping
Work area design
Competence
Ergonomic workstations
Minimisation of loads/design
Risk assessment
Work procedure
Clearances
Design
Inspection
Clearances/separation
Design
Limitation to upcast
Monitoring
Fall safe clearance
Interlocking system
Maintenance
Periodic testing
Arresting devices on friction
winder
Design of headframe             AS 3785.5 Underground mining - Shaft equipment -
                                Headframes
Operating procedure
Operator competence for manual
operations
Overwind control
Provision of buffer at shaft
bottom
Correct tension on guide ropes AS 3785.6 Underground mining - Shaft equipment - Guides
                               and rubbing ropes for conveyances
Design of fixings
Design of guides               AS 3785.6 Underground mining - Shaft equipment - Guides
                               and rubbing ropes for conveyances
Inspections
Maintenance
Selection of guide ropes
Clearances between conveyance AS/NZS 3785.4 Underground mining - Shaft equipment -
                               Conveyances for vertical shafts
Conveyance inspection
Guides                         AS 3785.6 Underground mining - Shaft equipment - Guides
                               and rubbing ropes for conveyances
Shaft inspections
Clearances
Design of guides
Design of shaft infrastructure
Inspections/shafts and
conveyances
Maintenance
Operational interlocks
Design
Inspection
Removal of flammable material

Selection of materials
Competence of welder
Inertisation of flammable
materials
Inspection of area
Provision of firefight equipment

Removal of flammable materials

Removal of work from location
Risk assessment
Work procedure
Collar design
Inspection
Inspection
Lining
Design
Inspection
Maintenance
Anchorage test
Design
Inspection
Installation procedure
Maintenance
Guards
Personal Protective Equipment

Removal of work away from
shaft
Restraining devices
Restriction of access
Risk assessment
Communications
Procedures for slinging
Risk assessment
Signalling system
Design of loading system
interlocking
Interlocking on skip doors        AS/NZS 3785.4 Underground mining - Shaft equipment -
                                  Conveyances for vertical shafts
Maintenance
Skip positioning
Design
Inspection
Maintenance
Design
Guards/gates
Inspection
Risk assessment
Safety awareness and Personal
Protective Equipment

Work procedure
Brake design
Communication
Emergency procedure
Design
Removal procedure
Restrict access
Design of conveyance
                               AS/NZS 3785 Underground mining - Shaft equipment
Design of headframes
Design of suspension equipment AS 3637 Underground mining - Winding suspension
                               equipment
Design of winder
Load/cycle assessment          AS/NZS 3785 Underground mining - Shaft equipment
Maintenance
Periodic inspection
Periodic Non Destructive Tests AS/NZS 3785 Underground mining - Shaft equipment

Automatic control
Conveyance position indicated
Landing control devices
Operating procedure
Operator competence for manual
operation
Speed indicators/manual
operation
Communication system
Failure safe system
Operating procedures
Operational interlocking system
design
Operator competence for manual
operation
Signalling system
Automatic control
Fail safe brake system
Maintenance
Operating procedure
Operator compet - manual
operation
Speed indicators for manual
operation
Speed limiting devices
Conveyance arresters in
                                    AS/NZS 3785 Underground mining - Shaft equipment
headframe
Conveyance location system or
manual operation
Fail safe systems
Operator competence for manual
operators
Overwind limiting devices
Periodic testing of o/w limiting
devices
Shaft button buffers
Slack rope protection
Slip protection on friction winders

Design
Inspection
Installation procedure
conveyance
Overspeed brakes in slope
haulage
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                                         MINE DESIGN HAZARDS
             Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCE

                                   Control of Multiseam
Control of Gas                                                  Control of Outbursts
                                   Interaction

                                                                Spontaneous Combustion
Pollution Control                  Provision of Escape Routes
                                                                Control


Sub Activity                       Hazard                       Mechanism
Control of Gas                     Enhanced Risk Of Explosion   Excessive Emission Of Gases
                                                                Into Workings Of Mine




Control of Multiseam Interaction   Any Situation Arising From   Any Interseam Interaction Such
                                   Extraction In One Seam       As Subsidence, Cracking, Gas
                                   Causing Risk Of Injury To    Migration, Stress Concentration
                                   Personnel Working In Other   And Spontaneous Combustion
                                   Adjacent Seams
Control of Outbursts           Impact, Burial, And         Sudden Outbursts Of Coal And
                               Asphyxiation Of Personnel   Gas From Working Places
                               And/Or Enhanced Risk Of
                               Explosion




Control of Pillar and Excavation Unexpected Failure Of     Progressive Pillar Failure
Behaviour                        Workings Risk Injury To   Leads To General Creep In
                               Underground Personnel       Workings




Control of Pillar and Excavation Unexpected Failure Of     Remnant Pillars Left In Goaf
Behaviour                        Workings Risk Injury To   Cause Stress Redistribution
                               Underground Personnel       And Failures In Adjacent
                                                           Working Places

Control of Pillar and Excavation Unexpected Failure Of     Roof, Rib And/Or Floor Failure
Behaviour                        Workings Risk Injury To   Occurs
                               Underground Personnel




Control of Pillar and Excavation Unexpected Failure Of     Sudden Pillar Failure
Behaviour                        Workings Risk Injury To
                               Underground Personnel
Behaviour            Workings Risk Injury To
                     Underground Personnel




Inundation Control   Contamination Of Water        Polluted Or Mineralised Water
                     Underground Causing Risk To   From Workings Or Surface
                     Personnel                     Causing Pollution Where
Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground       Barriers AgainstWorkWorking
                                                   Persons Are At Old
                     Personnel                     And Other Mines Failing Under
                                                   Hydrostatic Pressure




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground       Goaf Development Intersects
                     Personnel                     And Drains Surface
                                                   Accumulation Of Water, Rivers,
                                                   Lakes, Sea, Peat Bogs, Mud,
                                                   Slimes Or Anything Else Which
                                                   Can Flow As A Liquid




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground       Goaf Development Intersects
                     Personnel                     Major Aquifer




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground       Pillar Failure And Creep Allow
                     Personnel                     Goaf Formation Which Taps
                                                   Accumulation Of Fluid Material
                                               Accumulation Of Fluid Material




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground   Roof Fall In Solid Workings
                     Personnel                 Taps Overlying Aquifer Or
                                               Accumulation




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground   Solid Workings Directly
                     Personnel                 Intersect Aquifer Or
                                               Accumulations




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground   Surface Flooding Enters Mine
                     Personnel                 Through Goaf Or Mine Entries




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground   Unexpected Break Through To
                     Personnel                 Flooded Old Workings
Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground      Unexpected Break Through To
                     Personnel                    Flooded Old Workings




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground      Working Contact Fault Which
                     Personnel                    Acts As Flow Path From
                                                  Accumulation




Inundation Control   Drowning Of Underground      Workings Or Goaf Intersect An
                     Personnel                    Open Borehole Which Acts As
                                                  A Channel From Accumulation




Pollution Control    Contamination Of Water      Polluted Or Mineralised Water
                     Underground Causing Risk To From Workings Or Surface
                     Personnel                   Causing Pollution Where
                                                 Persons Are At Work
                                                          Persons Are At Work




Provision of Escape Routes   Entrapment Of Personnel      Any Incident Which Renders
                             Underground                  Impassable The Normal
                                                          Passage Of Access To Any
                                                          Part Of The Mine




Spontaneous Combustion       Development Of Heatings In   Accumulations Of Fallen
Control                      The Mine                     Roof/Rib Coal Heat




Spontaneous Combustion       Development Of Heatings In   Air Enters And Traverses
Control                      The Mine                     Sealed Goaf Areas Causing
                                                          Heatings
Spontaneous Combustion   Development Of Heatings In   Air Enters And Traverses
Control                  The Mine                     Sealed Goaf Areas Causing
                                                      Heatings




Spontaneous Combustion   Development Of Heatings In   Air Is Allowed To Traverse
Control                  The Mine                     Goaf Areas At A Rate Which
                                                      Promotes Oxidation But Which
                                                      Does Not Remove Heat
                                                      Formed




Spontaneous Combustion   Development Of Heatings In   Coal Has A Rapid Oxidation
Control                  The Mine                     Characteristic And Tends To
                                                      Self Heat




Spontaneous Combustion   Development Of Heatings In   Goaf Formation Causes
Control                  The Mine                     Cracking Which Provides
                                                      Airways To Overlying Or
                                                      Underlying Seams Which Then
                                                      Begin To Heat
Spontaneous Combustion   Development Of Heatings In   Goaf Formation Causes
Control                  The Mine                     Cracking Which Provides
                                                      Airways To Overlying Or
                                                      Underlying Seams Which Then
                                                      Begin To Heat




Spontaneous Combustion   Development Of Heatings In   High Ventilation Pressure
Control                  The Mine                     Differentials Promote Leakage
                                                      Of Air Through Pillars And
                                                      Outcrops




Spontaneous Combustion   Development Of Heatings In   Ventilation System Draws Air
Control                  The Mine                     Into Goaf Through Cracks To
                                                      Surface Or Adjacent Workings,
                                                      Promoting Heating




Subsidence Control       Inundation Of Surface Causes Subsidence Troughs On
                         Risk To Personnel            Surface Are Flooded By Rain
                                                      Run Off Or Intersection With
                                                      Water Streams
                     Risk To Personnel                Surface Are Flooded By Rain
                                                      Run Off Or Intersection With
                                                      Water Streams




Subsidence Control   Physical Damage To Surface       Ground Movement Causes
                     Structures With Associated       Excessive Tilts And Surface
                     Risk Of Injury To Personnel In   Strains Resulting In Destruction
                     And Around Them                  Of Structures




Surface Design       Crushing, Contusion And        Members Of Public Can Enter
                     Fracture Injuries To Personnel Abandoned Workings Or Fall
                                                    Into Abandoned Excavations




Surface Design       Crushing, Contusion And        Members Of Public Can Fall
                     Fracture Injuries To Personnel From Abandoned Surface
                                                    Structures
Surface Design       Crushing, Contusion And        Members Of The Public Are
                     Fracture Injuries To Personnel Able To Enter Mine Workings

Surface Design       Crushing, Contusion And        Personnel Struck By Falling
                     Fracture Injuries To Personnel Rocks At Highwall Portal Sites


Surface Design       Explosion Injuries To Surface Engulfed By Explosion While
                     Personnel                     Sealing Mine Entrances In
                                                   Event Of Fire Below Ground
Surface Design   Explosion Injuries To Surface Engulfed By Explosion While
                 Personnel                     Sealing Mine Entrances In
                                               Event Of Fire Below Ground


Surface Design   Explosion Injuries To Surface Explosion In Mine Extends To
                 Personnel                     Surface Buildings

Surface Design   Inability To Control Mine     Fan Installation Destroyed By
                 Ventilation Causing Risk To   Explosion In Mine
                 Underground Personnel
                                                         Go to
                                                 Hierarchy of Controls
NT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                      Go to Underground Menu

        Control of Pillar and
                                             Inundation Control
        Excavation Behaviour

        Subsidence Control                   Surface Design



        Control                              References
        Application of post drainage
        methods
        Application of pre-drainage
        methods
        Characterisation of gas emission
        characteristics of all gas
        reservoirs likely to be tapped by
        mining
        Cognizance of barometric
        variation
        Design of ventilation system to
        cope with expected emission
        rates
        Monitoring of ventilation system
        Use of partial extraction systems
        to minimise reservoir intersection

        Alignment of workings
        Assessment of geology
        Design of extraction methods
        Gas drainage
        Geotechnical modelling of effects
        of extraction on conditions in
        adjacent seams
        Maximisation of extraction
        Monitoring of conditions to
        calibrate modelling
        Sequence of seam extraction
        Time of seam extraction
        Use of goaf stowage
        Use of partial extraction
Application of any practicable
exploration tools to locate zones
of enhanced risk such as faults
and shears
Application of pre-drainage of gas

Characterisation of gas content
and pressure in coal seams to be
worked
Design of special methods and
equipment to be used in risk
zones
Development of operating
procedure
Mapping of risk zones
As per mechanism - Sudden pillar
failure
Design of barrier pillars
Division of workings into panels
Provision of barrier pillars to
isolate panels where appropriate

Design of extraction system to
minimise remnants
Operating procedure
Operation of system in
accordance with design
Adequate floor control
Adequate rib support/control
Adequate roof support/control
Assessment of geology
Geotechnical modelling of likely
roof, floor and pillar response as
aid to design
Monitoring of workings to calibrate
model and assess effects of
support
Operating procedure
Adherence to design
Assessment of geology
Design of pillars and extraction
layouts in accordance with
calibrated model
Modelling of pillar behaviour
Monitoring of pillar behaviour to
calibrate model
Design of monitoring of water
quality
Design of sanitary systems
Accurate surveying of new
workings near old ones
Adherence to design                 significant incident 18
Design of barrier to resist full
hydrostatic pressure
Register of plans of old workings

Adherence to design
Communications
Emergency procedure
Exploratory drilling
Geomechanical modelling of goaf
formation
Maintenance of surface plans
locating all surface and sub
surface fluid accumulations
Operating procedure
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Use of partial extraction
Adherence to design
Communications
Emergency procedure
Exploratory drilling data
Geomechanical modelling of goaf
formation
Hydro geological investigation
Operating procedure
Possession of information on
aquifers
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Use of partial extraction
Adherence to design
Communications
Emergency procedure
Geomechanical design of pillars
to resist failure
Monitoring of pillar response
Operating procedure
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Adequate roof control measures

Adherence to design
Awareness of location of aquifers
and accumulations
Communications
Emergency procedure
Operating procedure
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Accurate surveying of surface
accumulations
Accurate surveying of workings
Adherence to design
Awareness of location of aquifers
and accumulations
Communications
Emergency procedure
Maintenance of plans showing
surface accumulations
Operating procedure
Probe drilling
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Awareness of pluviographic
records and design
Care in goafing under flood plains

Communications
Emergency procedure
Location of mine entries above
flood level
Mapping of flood levels
Provision of adequate pump,
drainage or surge capacity in
entry locations
Provision of surface inundation
plans
Accurate surveying of all
workings, current and old
Adherence to design
Communications
Drainage of old workings
Emergency procedure
Exploratory drilling
In seam seismic detection of old
workings
Maintenance of updated plans
Operating procedure
Plan register
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Provision of barrier pillars
Adherence to design
Communications
Emergency procedure
Exploration program to locate
faults
Fault grouting
Maintenance of plans showing
faults
Operating procedure
Probe drilling
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Accurate surveying of boreholes

Communications
Emergency procedure
Maintenance of plans of borehole
locations
Operating procedure
Provision of adequate pump
capacity
Sealing and plugging of surface
boreholes where there may be
risk of water ingress through
them
Design of systems to prevent
pollution of water underground
Provision of catch and holding
dams
Storage of mine water in old
workings
Treatment of mine water prior to
use
Use of mine water in closed
system for process water and
dust suppression
Designation of second egress
ways by signs and plans
Education of workforce on second
egress
Evacuation procedure for mine      significant incident 69
Proper maintenance of second
egress ways
Provision of at least two separate
and trafficable entrances to the
mine and to all working parts
within the mine except for single
entries being driven

Provision of communications to
surface from the base of any shaft
used as egress way
Provision of ladders or other
equipment in all vertical or steep
passages used as second egress
ways
Provision of refuges
Provision of walkways over any
obstructions in the second egress
way (e.g.. overcasts)
Risk assessment for single entry
workings to develop procedure for
operation and evacuation

Adequate rib support
Adequate roof support
Design of working to minimise
crush of ribs and uncontrolled roof
movement
Maximisation of coal extraction
from seams
Rapid extraction of pillars
following their development
Removal or inertisation of fallen
material where it poses a threat of
heating
Design of ventilation system to
minimise adverse effects
Integrity and design of seals
Isolation of individual goaves
Maintenance of seals
Minimisation of ventilations
pressures across seals and
across goaf areas
Particular care with ventilation
circuits behind and around goaf
areas
Provision of adequate barrier
pillars for goaves
Provision of pressure equalisation
for seals
Routine monitoring of
atmospheres of sealed areas
Use of inertants
Avoidance of bleeder ventilation
systems where coal is prone to
heating
Consistency of coal extraction
Design decision to either fully
ventilate goaf with associated
monitoring or to avoid ventilation
of goaf
Design of panels to maximise
pooling of natural inertants in goaf
areas
Isolation of adjacent panels
Speed of panel extraction - life of
panels
Use of C-Pattern ventilation
Use of introduced inertants
Design of mine to minimise risk of
spontaneous combustion
Provision of monitoring and
interpretation to warn onset of
heatings
Testing of coal characteristics to
gain some warning and testing of
coal characteristics to assist
interpretation of progress of
heatings
Atmospheric monitoring and
interpretation
Design of ventilation system to
maintain naturally inert
atmosphere in goaf
Introduction of inertants to goaf
Proper understanding of goaf
formation effects
Use of partial extraction methods
to prevent full goaf formation

Atmospheric monitoring and
interpretation
Design of pillars to minimise crush

Design of ventilation system to
minimise pressure
Maintenance of clear airways
Provision of adequate barriers to
outcrops
Provision of adequate pillar
dimensions between intakes and
returns
Sealing of critical airway surfaces

Use of multiple intakes and
returns to lower pressure
Atmospheric monitoring and
interpretation
Progressive sealing of surface
cracks over goaf
Provision of adequate barrier
pillars to adjacent panels and
mains to prevent cracking and
leakage
Sealing of all adjacent abandoned
workings
Use of partial extraction systems
to prevent cracking
Goaf stowage
Monitoring of subsidence to
assess extent of land subject to
inundation
Provision of artificial drainage of
troughs (pumps stations etc.)
Provision of pillars below critical
features such as buildings,
streams or lakes
Re-profiling of surface to provide
drainage of troughs
Use of partial extraction
Variation of panel design to limit
trough depth
Assessment of geology
Design and strengthening of
surface structures
effects
Goaf stowage
Modelling of possible effects of
coal extraction
Monitoring of subsidence to
calibrate model for extended
prediction
Provision of pillars below critical
structure features or other
measures to prevent injury
Use of partial extraction
Variation of panel design to limit
Obligation to securely and
permanently seal all entrances to
abandoned underground workings
as soon as they are abandoned

Obligation to securely fence or
otherwise make safe all other
hazardous excavations
Obligation to dismantle or
otherwise make secure surface
structures upon abandonment
Provision of security measures at
mine entrances

Provision of protective portal
structures
Stabilisation of highwalls above
portal sites
Design of preparatory means of
rapid sealing of mine entrances
with minimal risk to personnel
Minimum use of personnel
Operating procedure for sealing
Location of surface buildings out
of line of possible blast effects

Design of fan to resist explosion
damage


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                                     PROVISION OF SERVICES HAZARDS
           Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCE


Communications


Sub Activity           Hazard                          Mechanism
Communications         Ignition Of Gas By Electrical   See "Ignition of Gas" hazard
                       Communication Systems           under "Electrical Activities"
                       Below Ground                    Section on Environmental
                                                       Monitoring Equipment
Communications         Inability To Seek Help Or       Mine Personnel Incompetent In
                       Alert Wider Community In        Use Of System
                       Event Of Accident/
                       Emergency
Communications         Inability To Seek Help Or       No System Of Communications
                       Alert Wider Community In        From Mine Site To Wider
                       Event Of Accident/              Community
                       Emergency

Communications         Inability To Communicate        Communication System Fails
                       Between Surface And
                       Underground Locations
                       Causing Risk To Personnel




Communications         Inability To Communicate        No System Of Communications
                       Between Surface And             In Place
                       Underground Locations
                       Causing Risk To Personnel

Communications         Inaction Or Wrong Actions
                       Endangering Personnel           Failure To Pass On Verbal
                                                       Messages
Communications         Inaction Or Wrong Actions       Failure To Read/Note/ Act Upon
                       Endangering Personnel           Important Information
Communications   Inaction Or Wrong Actions   Failure To Report/Record
                 Endangering Personnel       Important Information




Communications   Inaction Or Wrong Actions   Misunderstanding Of Verbal
                 Endangering Personnel       Messages




Communications   Inaction Or Wrong Actions   Misunderstanding Of Written
                 Endangering Personnel       Messages Or Instructions




Communications   Inaction Or Wrong Actions   Personnel Are Not Prepared Or
                 Endangering Personnel       Competent To Deal With
                                             Emergency Communications




Communications   Inaction Or Wrong Actions   Personnel Are Not Properly
                 Endangering Personnel       Informed Of Operation Methods,
                                             Their Duties And Responsibilities
Communications   Inaction Or Wrong Actions   Personnel Are Not Properly
                 Endangering Personnel       Informed Of Operation Methods,
                                             Their Duties And Responsibilities
                                                          Go to
VICES HAZARDS                                     Hierarchy of Controls
NT CONTROLS & REFERENCES                      Go to Underground Menu




         Control                             References
         See "Ignition of Gas" hazard
         under "Electrical Activities"
         Section on Environmental
         Monitoring Equipment
         Competence




         Competence of personnel to use
         communications system
         Provision of system of
         communication from mine to
         wider community
         Competence in operation of
         systems
         Procedure when system fails
         Provision of alternative/back up
         systems
         System auditing
         System maintenance
         Competency in use of system
         Provision of system of
         communications between surface
         and key underground locations

         Competence                          Safety Alert 270
                                             Safety Alert 268

         Clear job descriptions of
         responsibilities
         Designation of responsibility to
         note/act upon reports/records
         Provision of system to transfer
         information over shift breaks
         Requirement to sign off on action
         taken
Recording of apprehension of
danger
Recording of combustible dust
audit results
Recording of equipment issues
requiring attention
Recording of fume audit results

Recording of gas audit results
Recording of incidents
threatening danger
Recording of issues requiring
surveillance
Recording of respirable dust
audit results
Recording of
variations/departures from plan
Retention/processing of record to
establish history/trends
Competence
Provision of clear and precise
instructions/messages
Receiver to verify understanding

Understanding of language
Adequate literacy
Competence
Procedure to disseminate
messages
Provision of clear and precise
instructions/messages
Receiver to verify understanding

Competence in emergency
procedure
Emergency procedure
Establishment of operation base

Evaluation of practice
Practice runs
Requirement for emergency
procedure
Use of duty cards
Auditing of performance
Clear job descriptions/duties set
for personnel
Feedback from personnel
Procedure for reading/action on
reports
Provision of planning information

Provision of training sessions
Quality of presentations
Recording of training given
Refresher training
Testing of competence and
understanding
Use of notice sheets and boards

Use of safety meetings

                                    Go to top of page
                             RESTRICTED ITEMS HAZARDS
               Click on link boxes below for HAZARDS, MECHANISMS, RELEVANT CONTROLS & REFERENCE


Battery Powered Items Light Alloys                       Pressure Packs



Sub Activity              Hazard                         Mechanism
Battery Powered Items     Ignition Source                Non Intrinsically Safe Battery
                                                         Powered Items Watch? Camera?
                                                         Radio? In Ex