LABORATORY TESTS by iW5Nyk

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									                                    LABORATORY TESTS
                                       April 4, 2006
                           (normal ranges may vary by institution)

HEMATOLOGY                               NORMAL RANGE

      White blood count                      5-10,000
      Differential
             segs       40 - 60%
             bands       0 - 5%
             lymphs     20 - 40%
             monos       4 - 8%
             eos         1 - 3%
             baso        0 – 1%

      Red blood cell count & indicies
      Hematocrit                             (female)   37-47
                                             (male)     40-52
     Hemoglobin                              (female)   12-16
                                             (male)     14-18
(Hematocrit is generally three times the hemoglobin)
     Platelets             150-400,000
     MCV                   80-100
     HgbA1-C               3% to 5%
     Sed rate              (male) 10
                           (female) 20
     iron                  50 - 160
     TIBC                  240 - 425
     Iron % sat            20 – 55%
     ferritin              30 – 250
     folate                4 - 12

CHEM-7, PANEL-7, BASIC METABOLIC PANEL
     glucose           60 - 110
     sodium            134 -146
     BUN               8 - 25
     creatinine        0.5 - 1.5
     potassium         3.5 - 5.1
     chloride          92 - 109
     CO2               24 - 31

OTHER CHEMISTRIES
     amylase              60 – 180
     anion gap            8 - 12
     calcium              8.0 - 10.4
     lipase               10 - 200
     magnesium            1.6 – 2.8
     phosphorus           2.6 – 4.6
     uric acid            2.4 – 7.5
LABORATORY VALUES, CONTINUED
PAGE TWO


THYROID FUNCTION STUDIES
     T3                   75 – 200
     T3 uptake            23 – 36%
     free T4              0.8 – 2.2%
     total T4 (thyroxine) 5-12
     TSH                  0.3 - 5
     FTI (free thyroxin index)


LIPID STUDIES
       total cholesterol          <200
       LDL                        <130
       HDL                        >35-40
       triglycerides              30-200
       homocysteine               6-20
       lipo protein electrophoresis


CARDIAC ENZYMES
     BNP
     CK-MB
     CPK
     INR
     LDH
     myoglobin
     troponin-I


KIDNEY FUNCTION STUDIES
     BUN              LDH
     phosphorus       creatinine clearance
     creatinine       uric acid
     total protein    A/G ratio
     albumin          globulins
     calcium          glucose
     cholesterol

COAGULATION STUDIES
     PTT       25-35 seconds
     PT        11-13 seconds
     INR       0.9 – 1.1
LABORATORY VALUES, CONTINUED
PAGE THREE

LIVER FUNCTION TESTS
      albumin                   3.4 – 5.4
      total bilirubin           0.2 – 1.5
      alkaline phosphatase      25 - 115
      SGOT (AST)                0 - 40
      SGPT (ALT)                0 – 40
      GGTP                      10 – 50 (gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase)
      total protein             5.6 – 8.4
      A/G ratio
      globulin
      LDH                       50 - 240
      prothrombin time
      viral hepatitis panel

CHEMICAL PANEL

      albumin             calcium
      globulin            cholesterol
      creatinine          alkaline phosphatase
      AST                 glucose
      BUN                 phosphorus
      total protein       total bilirubin
      uric acid           triglycerides
      potassium           sodium
      chloride

ARTERIAL BLOOD GASSES
     pH
     pCO2
     pO2
     SaO2
     CO2 content
     O2 content
     O2 saturation
     PaO2
     Base excess
     Base deficit
     HCO3
     Hb
     Hct
     COHb
     a/A ratio
LABORATORY VALUES, CONTINUED
PAGE FOUR

URINE
        specific gravity   1.002 – 1.030
        pH                 4.6 – 7.9
        osmolality         250 – 1000

TOXICOLOGY
     ethanol               <0.005% (5 mg/dL) normal
                           0.1 – 0.4% (intoxicated)
                           0.4 – 0.5% (stuporous)
                           >0.25%      (toxic)
                           >0.5%       (coma)

								
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