Signs_ Symbol_ and Archetypes

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					Signs, Symbols, and
   A sign primarily signifies an object, like an
    abbreviation, trademark, or product name;
    signs carry meaning based on common usage
    and society’s intent.
   $ is the sign for a dollar
   Letters are signs that make up words
   “A term, name, or even a picture that may be
    familiar in daily life, yet that possesses specific
    connotations in addition to its conventional
    and obvious meaning” (Jung).
   A four-leaf clover can mean good luck
    Symbolism: The Natural Cycle
   Day to Night=light (goodness) to dark (evil)
   Spring to Winter=spring (hope) to winter
   Youth to Old Age=girl (innocence) to crone
    (evil knowledge, impending death)
   An original model after which other similar things are
    patterned; from the Greek word arkhetupos meaning
   Examples: wicked witch, the enchanted prince, the
    sleeping beauty, the fairy godmother
   Alternative definition-- a term that accepts Carl
    Jung’s idea of recurring patterns of situation,
    character, or symbol existing universally and
    instinctively in the collective unconscious of man.
   Historically believed as coming from outside
    source, as in visitations from the gods and that
    dreams carried messages from the gods.

   Insight into our present lives
   Predictions for the future
     Dreams to Motifs to Archetypes
     Jung believed that dreams contain basic
      patterns that contain messages carried from
      our subconscious mind to our conscious
      mind. Each symbol in a dream is called a
      motif; these symbols or motifs have two
1.    A personal meaning for the dreamer
2.    A collective meaning called archetypes
   Common themes that show up in every culture
    of the world. Archetypes appear and reappear
    in world myths, legends, and themes in
    literature as well as in our dreams.
   Archetypes are stored in a collective
    unconscious that is the part of the mind that
    retains and transmits the common
    psychological inheritance of mankind.
           Types of Archetypes
   Situation

   Symbolic

   Characters
            Situation Archetypes
   The Quest
   The Task
   The Initiation
   The Journey
   The Fall
   Death and Rebirth
   Nature Vs. Mechanistic World
   Battle Between Good and Evil
   The Un-healable Wound
   The Ritual
   The Magic Weapon
       Seven Major Archetypes
   Wise Old Man or Woman
   The Trickster
   The Persona
   The Shadow (Doppelganger—German for
    ghostly double)
   The Devine Child
   The Anima and Animus
   The Great Mother
          Symbolic Archetypes
   Light Vs. Darkness
   Water Vs. Desert
   Heaven Vs. Hell
   Innate Wisdom Vs. Educated Stupidity
   Haven Vs. Wilderness
   Supernatural Intervention
   Fire Vs. Ice
                Character Archetypes
   The Hero
   The Mentor
   Young Man from the Provinces
   The Initiates
   Hunting Group of Companions
   Loyal Retainers
   Friendly Beast
   The Evil Figure with the Ultimately Good Heart
   Devil Figure
   The Scapegoat
   The Outcast
   The Creature of Nightmare
   The Earth mother
   The Temptress
   Platonic Ideal
   Unfaithful Wife
   Star-Crossed Lovers
   Damsel in Distress
                The Hero’s Call
   Joseph Campbell author of The Hero with a
    Thousand Faces, believed that everyone has a hero;
    someone who has sacrificed himself for the greater
    good and is often admired by others for an
    accomplishment. Similarly, he believed that everyone
    has, within himself or herself, the capacity to be a
   The hero, regardless of who he is, where he came
    from, or what language he speaks, must successfully
    pass through several stages in his quest to accomplish
    something for the greater good.
    Jung’s Process of Individualization
   The Self
        The source of our dreams
        The seat of our creative power
        The Greeks called it the “daimon”
        The Egyptians called it the “Ba-Soul”
        The Romans called it “genius”
     Three Stages of Growing Up
   The Call--Adolescence

   Initiation--Teen and Adulthood

   Transcendence --Old Age
    Three Stages of Hero’s Journey
   Separation or Departure

   Initiation

   Return
      Departure Steps or Factors
   Call to Adventure
   Refusal of the Call
   A Supernatural Tool
   Crossing the Threshold
   The Belly of the Whale
        Initiation Series or Steps
   The Road of Trials
   The Meeting with the Goddess
   The Woman as the Temptress
   Atonement with the Father
   Apotheosis
   The Ultimate Boon
                  The Return
   May or may not happen
   The greater change is not only good for the
    hero, but for the people around him.
              Hero’s Journey
   Symbolic of every person’s quest for
    recognition and heroism.
                Types of Heroes
   Epic Hero—A figure of national importance

   Tragic Hero—Must arouse pity and fear—neither
    thoroughly good or evil—fall is due to “hamartia,”
    tragic flaw (often hubris—pride)

   Romantic Hero—Sees the world idealistically, loyal
    to king and country, pursues love and fights for love,
    admired by others for bravery and cleverness
1. What is a term, name, or even a picture that
    may be familiar in daily life, yet that
    possesses specific connotations in addition to
    its conventional and obvious meaning?
2. Who believed that as a human race, we have a
    collection of experiences and memories that
    make up a collective unconscious?
3. What is an original model after which other
    similar things are patterned?
4. Name the three types of archetypes.
5. Give an example of each of these types.
6. Who is the author of The Hero with a
    Thousand Faces?
7. What are the three stages of growing up?
8. What was the name for the “self” or
    “organized center for the Romans?
9. Name the three types of heroes.
10. What are the three stages of the hero’s

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