Bellwork Writeabout someone, real or fictional, who you consider to be a hero. Which qualities or actions make him or her a hero? Introduction to the Odyssey Mrs. Pinto English I Key Ideas: The Odyssey The Odyssey is an epic. An epic is a long narrative poem about the deeds of a hero. The epic hero often portrays the goals and values of the society Epics are based in part on historical fact, blending legend with truth. Epics at a Glance The Epic and Epic Hero In literature, the epic is a long narrative poem about the deeds of a hero. The epic hero is a larger-than-life figure who undertakes great journeys and performs deed requiring remarkable strength and cunning. Epic Hero: Characteristics Possesses superhuman strength, craftiness, and confidence. Is helped and harmed by interfering gods. Embodies ideals and values that a culture considers admirable. Emerges victorious from perilous situations. Epic Plot a long journey, full of Involves complications, such as: Strange creatures Divine intervention Large-scale events Treacherous weather Epic Themes Courage The fate of a nation A homecoming Beauty Loyalty Life and Death Homer Homer There are many theories about the blind poet Homer, who is credited with writing the Iliad and the Odyssey. Homer is said to have lived between 900 and 700 B.C. Oral History Homer’s epics are all that remains of a series of poems that told the whole story of the Trojan War. In later centuries, the Iliad and the Odyssey were memorized by professional reciters, who performed them at religious festivals throughout Greece. The setting for the Iliad is the city of Troy. Why does the Trojan War begin? A beauty contest. The participants were Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera. Paris, a Prince from the city of Troy, was the judge. The prize - a golden apple inscribed “to the fairest.” The goddesses bribed Paris to choose them over the others. Aphrodite’s offer was the best. Paris chose her. What prize did Paris receive? The world’s most beautiful woman -- Helen She just happens to be the wife of King Menelaus of Greece. King Agamemnon, the brother of King Menelaus, gathers all the Greeks. They sail to Troy. Helen of Troy became the “face that launched a thousand ships.” And the Trojan War begins. It will last for ten years. The Iliad The Iliad takes place during the tenth year of this war. It tells the story of the Greek warrior, Achilles and his quarrel with Menelaus’ brother Agamemnon, ending with the death and funeral of Paris’ brother Hector. After Hector’s death, the Greeks brought the war to an end thanks to the cleverness of Odysseus ruler of the island of Ithaca. To break up the ten-year war, Odysseus thought of a scheme to make the Trojans think that the Greeks had finally given up. He ordered a giant wooden horse to be left at the gates of Troy. The Trojans, not seeing any Greeks, assumed that the Greeks had fled and left the horse as a peace offering. They took the horse inside the city, only to find that the horse was filled with Greek soldiers and that Troy was doomed. The Odyssey is about the hero Odysseus’ long trip home to Ithaca. His trip home takes 10 years. Odysseus’ trip home Epic Conventions 1. Invocation of the Muse A formal plea for help to the Muse Calliope. 2. In medias res The epic plunges right into the action -- it begins “in the middle of things.” Flashbacks provide background information. 3. Epic similes Use of extended similes. 4. Metrical Structure Dactylic Hexameter six stressed syllables per line Closely resembles speech. 5. Stock epithets A descriptive phrase used in place of a noun or proper noun. “Grey-eyed Athena” Exit Slip Evaluate whether or not the hero you identified in your bellwork meets the criteria for an epic hero. Write three sentences explaining why your hero is or is not an example of an epic hero. Practice! Complete the concept of definition map for the key term “epic.” Exit Slip Select your top three choices for your mythology project. (One being your top choice) If you are going to work with a partner, only turn in one paper. Remember, it is your responsibility to work with your partner OUTSIDE OF CLASS! Vocab Words: plunder – goods taken by force squall- a brief, violent storm dispatched – finished quickly mammoth - enormous bereft – sad and lonely state cherishes – holds dear insidious – characterized by treachery Word Webs 1. Definition and Part of Speech 2. Example, Sentence, or Non-linguistic Representation (Picture) Bellwork (3-2-1) 3: Name three epic conventions 2: What are two characteristics of an epic hero 1: Define epic The Research Process: Part I 1. Gather research 1. Create source cards and note cards 1. Source Cards: MLA citation information for sources that you plan on using 2. Note Cards: Specific Information that you plan on using from those sources Source Cards Tomorrow, you will create source cards for seven books on Greek mythology You will only be required to use two of these sources MLA Works Cited: The Basics Beginyour Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. It should have the same one-inch margins and last name, page number header as the rest of your paper. MLA Works Cited: The Basics Label the page Works Cited (do not italicize the words Works Cited or put them in quotation marks) and center the words Works Cited at the top of the page. MLA Works Cited: The Basics Doublespace all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries. MLA Works Cited: The Basics Indent the second and subsequent lines of citations five spaces so that you create a hanging indent. MLA Works Cited: The Basics Listpage numbers of sources efficiently, when needed. If you refer to a journal article that appeared on pages 225 through 250, list the page numbers on your Works Cited page as 225-50. MLA Works Cited Page: Books The author’s name or a book with a single author's name appears in last name, first name format. The basic form for a book citation is: Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication. Gleick,James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print. Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. Denver: MacMurray, 1999. Print. Sample Sample Works Cited Source Cards What are they? They are index cards (you can also use notebook pages, a word processing document or database document) on which you put all of the information you will need about all the sources you use. Source Cards They will help you to: Identify the sources of quotations and ideas for citing your sources later (giving credit to your sources). Find sources again if you need them. Make your works cited (a list of the sources from which you used borrowed material in your project). Source Cards How to do it: Use index cards to make your source cards, or keep a few notebook pages reserved for this information, or make a word processing or database file for them. If you use index cards, use only one card per source. Code each source its own number, starting with the number 1. You will later link your notes to these code numbers. Sample Source Card Classwork and Homework for Thursday You will have a quiz on the introduction to The Odyssey on Friday. You will be responsible for the information found in your class notes. In-class, you will create seven source cards for the books on Greek Mythology. Create a works cited page for the seven sources that you will create source cards for in class. This assignment should be typed and in MLA format. Please see the sample for details.
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