Introduction to the Odyssey by Isq1Iz3


 Writeabout someone, real or fictional,
 who you consider to be a hero. Which
 qualities or actions make him or her a
Introduction to
the Odyssey
Mrs. Pinto
English I
Key Ideas: The Odyssey
 The Odyssey is an epic.
 An epic is a long narrative poem about
  the deeds of a hero.
 The epic hero often portrays the goals
  and values of the society
 Epics are based in part on historical fact,
  blending legend with truth.
Epics at a
The Epic and Epic Hero
 In literature, the epic is a long narrative
  poem about the deeds of a hero.
 The epic hero is a larger-than-life figure
  who undertakes great journeys and
  performs deed requiring remarkable
  strength and cunning.
Epic Hero: Characteristics
 Possesses superhuman strength, craftiness,
  and confidence.
 Is helped and harmed by interfering gods.
 Embodies ideals and values that a culture
  considers admirable.
 Emerges victorious from perilous situations.
Epic Plot
        a long journey, full of
 Involves
 complications, such as:
     Strange creatures
     Divine intervention
     Large-scale events
     Treacherous weather
Epic Themes
 Courage
 The  fate of a nation
 A homecoming
 Beauty
 Loyalty
 Life and Death
 There   are many theories about the blind
  poet Homer, who is credited with writing
  the Iliad and the Odyssey.
 Homer is said to have lived between 900
  and 700 B.C.
Oral History
 Homer’s    epics are all that remains of a
  series of poems that told the whole story
  of the Trojan War.
 In later centuries, the Iliad and the
  Odyssey were memorized by professional
  reciters, who performed them at religious
  festivals throughout Greece.
The setting for the Iliad is

                      the city of Troy.
Why does the Trojan
War begin?
                      A beauty contest.
                      The participants
                      Aphrodite, and
Paris, a Prince from the city of
Troy, was the judge.
The prize -
a golden apple
“to the
The goddesses
bribed Paris to choose
them over the others.
 Aphrodite’s offer was the best.

 Paris chose her.

 What prize did Paris receive?

The world’s most
 beautiful woman -- Helen
She just happens to be
the wife of King Menelaus
of Greece.
the brother
of King
gathers all
the Greeks.
They sail to
Helen of Troy
became the
“face that
launched a
And the Trojan War begins.
It will last for ten years.
The Iliad
   The Iliad takes place during the tenth year of
    this war.
   It tells the story of the Greek warrior, Achilles
    and his quarrel with Menelaus’ brother
    Agamemnon, ending with the death and
    funeral of Paris’ brother Hector.
   After Hector’s death, the Greeks brought the
    war to an end thanks to the cleverness of
    Odysseus ruler of the island of Ithaca.
 To  break up the ten-year war, Odysseus
  thought of a scheme to make the Trojans
  think that the Greeks had finally given up.
 He ordered a giant wooden horse to be
  left at the gates of Troy.
 The Trojans, not seeing any Greeks,
  assumed that the Greeks had fled and
  left the horse as a peace offering.
 They took the horse inside the city, only to
 find that the horse was filled with Greek
 soldiers and that Troy was doomed.
The Odyssey is about
the hero Odysseus’
long trip home to Ithaca.

His trip home
10 years.
Odysseus’ trip home
1. Invocation of the Muse

A formal plea for help to
the Muse Calliope.
2. In medias res

The epic plunges right
into the action -- it
begins “in the middle
of things.”

Flashbacks provide
background information.
3. Epic similes

Use of extended similes.
4. Metrical Structure

Dactylic Hexameter
six stressed syllables per line

Closely resembles speech.
5. Stock epithets

A descriptive phrase used
in place of a noun or
proper noun.

“Grey-eyed Athena”
Exit Slip
 Evaluate  whether or not the hero you
 identified in your bellwork meets the
 criteria for an epic hero. Write three
 sentences explaining why your hero is or is
 not an example of an epic hero.
 Complete  the concept of definition map
 for the key term “epic.”
Exit Slip
 Select  your top three choices for your
  mythology project. (One being your top
 If you are going to work with a partner,
  only turn in one paper.
     Remember, it is your responsibility to work
      with your partner OUTSIDE OF CLASS!
Vocab Words:

plunder – goods taken by force

squall- a brief, violent storm

dispatched – finished quickly

mammoth - enormous
bereft – sad and lonely state

cherishes – holds dear

insidious – characterized by treachery
Word Webs
1.   Definition and Part of Speech
2.   Example, Sentence, or Non-linguistic
     Representation (Picture)
Bellwork (3-2-1)
 3: Name three epic conventions
 2: What are two characteristics of an epic
 1: Define epic
The Research Process: Part I
1.    Gather research
     1.        Create source cards and note cards
          1.    Source Cards: MLA citation information for
                sources that you plan on using
          2.    Note Cards: Specific Information that you
                plan on using from those sources
Source Cards
 Tomorrow,   you will create source cards for
  seven books on Greek mythology
 You will only be required to use two of
  these sources
MLA Works Cited: The Basics
 Beginyour Works Cited page on a
 separate page at the end of your
 research paper. It should have the same
 one-inch margins and last name, page
 number header as the rest of your paper.
MLA Works Cited: The Basics
 Label  the page Works Cited (do not
 italicize the words Works Cited or put
 them in quotation marks) and center the
 words Works Cited at the top of the page.
MLA Works Cited: The Basics
 Doublespace all citations, but do not skip
 spaces between entries.
MLA Works Cited: The Basics
 Indent the second and subsequent lines
 of citations five spaces so that you create
 a hanging indent.
MLA Works Cited: The Basics
 Listpage numbers of sources efficiently,
  when needed. If you refer to a journal
  article that appeared on pages 225
  through 250, list the page numbers on
  your Works Cited page as 225-50.
MLA Works Cited Page: Books
 The author’s name or a book with a single
  author's name appears in last name, first
  name format. The basic form for a book
  citation is:
 Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of
  Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.
  Medium of Publication.
 Gleick,James. Chaos: Making a New
     Science. New York: Penguin, 1987.
 Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House.
     Denver: MacMurray, 1999. Print.
 Sample   Works Cited
Source Cards
 What   are they?
 They are index cards (you can also use
  notebook pages, a word processing
  document or database document) on
  which you put all of the information you
  will need about all the sources you use.
Source Cards
 They   will help you to:
    Identify the sources of quotations and ideas
     for citing your sources later (giving credit to
     your sources).
    Find sources again if you need them.
    Make your works cited (a list of the sources
     from which you used borrowed material in
     your project).
Source Cards
 How   to do it:
    Use index cards to make your source cards,
     or keep a few notebook pages reserved for
     this information, or make a word processing
     or database file for them. If you use index
     cards, use only one card per source.
    Code each source its own number, starting
     with the number 1. You will later link your
     notes to these code numbers.
Sample Source Card
Classwork and Homework for
   You will have a quiz on the introduction to The
    Odyssey on Friday. You will be responsible for
    the information found in your class notes.
   In-class, you will create seven source cards for
    the books on Greek Mythology.
   Create a works cited page for the seven
    sources that you will create source cards for in
       This assignment should be typed and in MLA
        format. Please see the sample for details.

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