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```					Ma and Pa Kettle

Math Lesson
Content                     Language

What is the relationship?
Joanne Marino and Alesha McCauley
LEP Coordinators Meeting – January 16, 2007
Teach Content Objectives AND
Language Objectives

WHAT are language objectives?
Language Objectives are
language demands of the content class

Language functions (define, describe, explain,
classify, compare, summarize, …)

forms)

Language structures (questions, past tense, writing
a sentence, writing a paragraph).

• Give contextual clues so students can
understand the material and the tasks

question…

“What language do students
need to complete the assigned

cause and effect
Language objectives are
embedded in content objectives

To determine the language
assigned to master the content
objective
1.01 Develop number sense for
whole numbers
c. Compare and order
Content
number sense for whole numbers
Language: vocabulary & patterns
•   greater, greatest
•   less, least
•   equal to
•   x is {greater / less } than y.
•   x is the {greatest / least} number in the series.
•   x is equal to y.
Objectives
• CONTENT               • LANGUAGE
1. Order numbers from   Use a number line to
least to greatest.     explain to a partner
2. Use <, >, or = to      why your statements
make each sentence     are true. Use these
true.                  sentence patterns:
• x is {greater / less }
than y.
• x is equal to y.
4.07 Explain the effects of
environmental influences
(smoking, alcohol, drugs, diet) on
human health
Content
Effects of environment
Language: vocabulary & patterns
•   One consequence of ________is ____________
•   _______ increases the risk of ______________.
•   ______ are more likely to ___________ than
__________.
Content Objective: Explain the effects of
smoking on human health.

Language Objectives:
• Explain to a partner the effects of smoking.
 One consequence of smoking is ___________.
 Smoking causes _____________.
 Smoking increases the risk of _____________.
 Smokers are more likely to ___________ than
nonsmokers.
• In the reading, highlight the effects of smoking.
2.01 Trace the events leading up
to the Revolutionary War and
evaluate their relative significance
in the onset of hostilities.

Content
Language: vocabulary & patterns   Revolutionary War
• sequence
• cause & effect
• evaluate
Objectives
CONTENT                  LANGUAGE
•   Complete a timeline   • In the reading,
listing the events      highlight the colonial
leading up to the       action in blue and the
Revolutionary War.      British reaction in red.
• Explain to a partner
words first, second,
then to show
sequence.
Objectives
CONTENT                  LANGUAGE
•   Select the 3 most    • In writing, summarize the
significant events     3 most significant events
which led to the       which led to war.
Revolutionary War.      _______ was the most
significant event because
_________________.
 The significance of
_____cannot be
overstated. It _________.
 ________ was also
significant because
_________.
5.03 Compare and contrast
relationships of works of art to
one another in terms of
history, aesthetics, and
cultural/ethnic groups.
Content
Language: vocabulary & patterns             Works of art
•   X is ______ while y is _________.
•   X is different from y in that _______
•   Both x and y are __________________.
•   X is more _____________ than y.
Content Objective:
Compare Medieval and Renaissance
paintings

Language Objective:
Write an art critique using comparative
sentence structures.

•   X is ______ while y is _________.
•   X is different from y in that _______
•   Both x and y are __________________.
•   X is more _____________ than y.
Biology
2.02 Investigate and describe the
structure and functions of cells…

Content
cells: structure
Language: vocabulary & patterns                         function
•   The _____ consists of ___________.
•   The ____ is made up of __________________.
•   The _____ includes the _______________.
•   The function of the _____ is to _________.
•   The _____ serves to ___________.
•   The _____ acts/serves as a ___________.
Content Objective: Identify the structure
of a cell.

Language Objectives:
• Explain to a partner the structure of a cell.
 The _____ consists of ___________.
 The ____ is made up of __________________.
 The _____ includes the _______________.
• Label cell parts on a diagram.
• Complete a cloze text describing the structure of a
cell.
Content Objective:
Compare the structure of an animal cell with the
structure of a plant cell.

Language Objective:
Describe the structure of plant and animal cells to a
partner using the comparative form.
 Both plant cells and animal cells contain _______.
 A plant cell contains a nucleus. An animal cell also contains a
nucleus.
 Plant cells contain vacuoles, whereas animal cells often do not have
vacuoles.
 Plant cells contain vacuoles. Animal cells, however, often do not
have vacuoles.
Identify Content and
Language Objectives

Matching Activity
• Pair content and language objectives
• Name what the student will do and
how it will be done
Write Language Objectives
Activity
Grade 6 Math: 5.03: Solve simple (one- and
two-step) equations or inequalities.

Content Objective:    Solve two-step
equations (3x-10=14)
Language Objective:
Possible Language Objectives
1. Explain to a partner how to solve two-step
equations. Use key vocabulary: first,
second, then, combine like terms, isolate
the variable, inverse operations.
2. Use commands to state the steps in solving
these equations as your partner does them.
3. Write in your journal how to isolate the
variable in a 2-step equation.
Write Language Objectives that:
•   will be read by students, for students
•   will be easy for students to understand
•   are given orally and in writing
•   are related to the tasks necessary to master
the content objective
Post Language Objectives in
class with Content Objectives

Sentence Patterns

Beginning and at the End of
class
Maria might say
“Fast food does bad stuff to you.”
Guide students to use scientific
phrasing…
“ Research indicates that a diet of fast food
can have negative impacts on a person’s
physical and mental health including
weight gain, skin problems, and mood
swings.”
Language Acquisition: An
Interdependent Process

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