Study Guide for Chapter 15
Directions: Complete the following questions using your notes, textbook, and the powerpoint
located on mms George in the folder labeled Laub. Once you have completed the study guide,
watch the video, “Exploring Weather,” which can be found in the folder labeled Laub.
1. What is the elemental makeup of the atmosphere? What else does the atmosphere contain besides
2. What are the 5 major layers of the atmosphere? (Know the order of each and a description of
each for test!!!!)
3. What does temperature and pressure do as you rise in elevation in the troposphere?
4. What are and where are the ozone layer and the ionosphere?
5. Where does the majority of the Earth’s heat come from?
6. Describe the three methods in which heat is transferred in the Earth’s atmosphere.
7. What is the Coriolis Effect?
8. What is the difference between a sea breeze and a land breeze?
9. Draw a diagram representing the water cycle.
a. Label and DESCRIBE the following terms
10. Describe the atmosphere of Mars and Venus.
11. Where is Antarctica? How much sunlight does Antarctica receive?
12. What are the doldrums?
13. What are trade winds?
14. What is the difference between prevailing westerlies and polar easterlies?
15. How was the atmosphere created?
16. What are CFCs?
17. How does CFCs affect the ozone layer?
18. The ozone layer has a hole above what area?
19. Describe the ozone layer and its role in the atmosphere.
20. Describe the three types of heat transfer.
21. What layer of the atmosphere is the jet stream located?
22. What layer of the atmosphere experiences the most atmospheric pressure?
23. What layer of the atmosphere can the northern lights be found?
24. How does wind move?
25. What is global warming?
26. What is a barometer?
27. What is an anemometer?
28. What happens to temperature as you travel higher in the troposphere?
29. List the steps of the scientific method. (Know them in order)
30. What are the units for measuring mass, volume, and length?
31. What layer of the atmosphere is the most difficult to measure size?
32. What is the difference between independent (manipulated) and dependent (responding) variable?
33. What causes convection currents in the atmosphere?
34. If you wanted to measure the density of an object , what equipment would you use?
35. What is the only substance that exists as a solid, liquid, and gas in Earth’s atmosphere?
36. What is a variable?
37. Almost all of the clouds are in which layer of the atmosphere?