Learning Outcome 2

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Learning Outcome 2 Powered By Docstoc
					Working practices
By the end of this lesson you should be able to:

   identify office designs

   discuss advantages and disadvantages of office
    designs to employer and employee

   apply your knowledge to exam questions.
Affected by:

   technology

   new working practices

   new types of jobs.
Design affects work output.

   Good design can lead to increased productivity.

   Motivation improved by pleasant surroundings.
Ergonomics

   Aesthetics –colour, decor, fabrics and surfaces.

   Acoustic screens and barriers (noise minimisation).

   Lighting and heating.

   Layout.
Sick building syndrome

   Term given to office buildings where staff
    generally complain of feeling unwell.

Causes – drafts, leaks, poor ergonomics
Results – staff absence, stress, poor productivity
Cellular layout
One or two people work in a room.
Hierarchical – easy to see who is most important.

Open plan
All levels of employee work in the same office.
Hierarchy not obvious – one for all and all for one.
Advantages                   Disadvantages

   Can close door (privacy)  More space required
   Visible status            Uneconomic
   Can have quiet            Difficult to promote
   Can change light/heat to   teamwork
    suit                      Staff feel isolated
                              Workflow difficult to
                               monitor
Advantages                 Disadvantages

   Supervision easy          Noisy
   Save space                Air conditioning
   Save money                Lack of privacy
   Share resources           Encourages idle chat
   Communication easier      Workers easily
                               distracted

				
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posted:10/1/2012
language:English
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