Baroque Art Mine by E3bwtm


• February Culture Projects Due NEXT
• To get:
  – Two Pieces of paper
  – If it ain’t Baroque…Reading
• To do:
  – Opener
  – Lecture w/ short Bernini video
  – Questions and reading
  – Look at test results
     Opener – on your own paper
•   Compare and contrast the Baroque painting
    by Caravaggio and the Renaissance painting
    by Jan van Eyck. How are the two different?
    How are they alike?

•   (Focus on the body positions of the people
    and the subject matter. What is different
    about the background, middle ground and
    foreground of the two paintings?)
Caravaggio   Jan van Eyck
• 1600-1750
• contrast of light, action, drama and
  extravagant style
• “Dramatic” lighting
• Influences:
  counter-reformation/absolute monarchy
• Built on/improved ideas/techniques of
• Baroque
  - Portuguese word; imperfect pearl
(crawford and jewel pics)
• Chiaroscuro
  – main Baroque technique
  - contrast between light and dark.

• Tenebrism
  - Italian for "murky“
  -figures emerge from the dark
• Counter-Reformation
  – Response of Catholic Church to Protestant

• Absolutism
  – monarchy with supreme political power;
  controls every aspect of life

• Catholic Emotionalism
  - Intense religiosity that influenced Baroque art
•   1573-1610 Caravaggio
•   Italian painter
•   abandoned Renaissance rules of art
•   did not idealize human/religious experience
•   Religious figures portrayed as regular people
• imprisoned for assault and killing a tennis
  opponent-spent rest of life avoiding

• Biblical scenes
  – Calling of St.Matthew
  – Conversion of St. Paul
Calling of St. Matthew
Conversion of
St. Paul
Most famous of his works
   The Conversion of St. Paul
• Religious art was secularized
• Saints and miracles appeared to be
  ordinary events
• “down and dirty” style
• St Paul is on the ground, and you see the
  horse’s rear
• The audience is brought into the action
  through the use of chiaroscuro and
• 1593 – 1652
• female painter
• Influenced by Caravaggio
• Raped at 19 by art student/teacher
• painted women getting revenge against
• Judith Slaying Holofernes
Italian Baroque Art/Architecture
• Gianlorenzo Bernini
  -last of great artists to work for the popes
  -St. Peter’s Piazza
  -Ecstasy of St. Teresa
  -Cornaro Chapel
St. Peter’s Piazza
Ecstasy of
St. Teresa
Bernini Video Intro
     If it ain’t Baroque…… a Student’s perspective on Baroque and it’s
                          musical greats article

1.     How is the Baroque period like a teenager?
2.     What was the time span of the Baroque period?
3.     What four factors contributed to the development of Baroque
4.     How did the author use Cindy Crawford as a simile to
5.     Describe the following analogy given for the 3 qualities of
       Baroque music:
                  a. Sharp contrast “manic depression”
                  b. Ornamental toppings “banana split”
                  c. Improvisation “spontaneous combustion”
6.     Describe the contributions of the following people to the
       world during the Baroque period:
                  a. Vivaldi
                  b. Bach
                  c. Handel
• February Culture Projects Due Thursday (A2)
  and Friday (B4)
• To get:
  – St. Teresa Reading
  – Bernini Video Question Sheet – do your opener on
    the back!
• To do:
  – Opener – St. T Reading w/ questions
  – Continue Lecture – Rembrandt/Ryusch/Vermeer
  – Bernini Video Questions
         St. Teresa Reading
• Short Video After Opener
• 1. Describe the angel in St. Teresa’s diary.
• 2. What was he on fire with?
• 3. What sort of “pain” was she
• 4. After this experience St. Teresa says
  that the soul is not content with what?
         Rembrandt van Rijn
• 1606-1669
• From Amsterdam/Netherlands
• Mastered all popular subjects
  – Religious/historical themes from Italy
  – Daily life/people from Holland
• Painter, draftsman, and etcher of the 17th century; the
  greatest artist of the Dutch school

• luxurious brushwork, rich color, and a mastery of
  chiaroscuro (the use of light and shadow).

• His drawings constitute a vivid record of contemporary

• influenced by the work of Caravaggio
• If he had no model, he
  painted or sketched
  himself. He painted
  between 50 to 60 self-
• In 1636 Rembrandt began
  to depict quieter, more
  contemplative scenes with
  a new warmth in color.
• During the next few years
  three of his four children
  died in infancy, and in 1642
  his wife died.
• In the 1630s and 1640s he
  made many landscape
  drawings and etchings.
• His landscape paintings are
  imaginative, rich portrayals
  of the land around him.
Self -Portraits
                                               • Rembrandt was
        Rembrandt                                at his most
                                                 inventive in this
                                                 work, popularly
                                                 known as
                                                 The Night Watch,
                                               • Each man is
                                                 painted with the
                                                 care that
                                                 Rembrandt gave
                                                 to single
                                                 portraits, yet the
                                                 composition is
                                                 such that the
                                                 separate figures
                                                 are second in
                                                 interest to the
                                                 effect of the
The Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning
   The Mill (1650)

• The Return of the
  Prodigal Son
  (ca. 1662)
Christ Healing the Sick – etching
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulip
            Rachel Ruysch
• 1664-1750
• Dutch
• paintings for domestic interiors
• Sold at craft markets
• Flowers in a Vase
(Why would Protestant artists paint still-lifes
  and landscape pictures?)
Flowers in
a Vase
           Johannes Vermeer
•   1632-1675
•   Dutch
•   Genre scenes
•   Master of light and color
•   Allegory of Painting
•   The Milkmaid
Allegory of Painting
     What about the English?
Best known in poetry and writing
• John Donne
• John Milton
• John Locke
  -social contract
      -give up some freedoms for greater good
      -personal freedoms are most important
            Continue Video
• Be sure to answer the   •   Part 6
  questions on the        •   Part 7
  sheet provided.         •   Part 8
• Your opener should      •   Part 9
  be on the back.
• Part 1
• Part 2
• Part 3
• Part 4
• Part 5
               Bernini Questions
         (copy and leave room for your answer – 40 points)

While watching Simon Schama’s The Power of Art Bernini,
 answer the following questions:
   1) Describe the early life of Bernini. Was he talented from the very
      beginning? Who pushed him to do art work? Who did he
   2) Bernini’s sculptures are known for showing what?
   3) In one sculpture, Bernini shows a character suffering extreme
      pain. How did he inspire himself to create this sculpture?
   4) Describe Bernini’s Apollo and Dauphine.
   5) What is Bernini’s relationship to Rome?
   6) Why was Bernini’s bust of Constance revolutionary? What made
      it unique from previous busts?
   7) What happened to Constance? Why?
   8) What design was Bernini’s downfall? Why was it a failure?
   9) What piece of work revitalized Bernini’s career?
   10) Describe this piece.

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