Agenda • February Culture Projects Due NEXT FRIDAY!! • To get: – Two Pieces of paper – If it ain’t Baroque…Reading • To do: – Opener – Lecture w/ short Bernini video – Questions and reading – Look at test results Opener – on your own paper • Compare and contrast the Baroque painting by Caravaggio and the Renaissance painting by Jan van Eyck. How are the two different? How are they alike? • (Focus on the body positions of the people and the subject matter. What is different about the background, middle ground and foreground of the two paintings?) Caravaggio Jan van Eyck Baroque • 1600-1750 • contrast of light, action, drama and extravagant style • “Dramatic” lighting • Influences: counter-reformation/absolute monarchy • Built on/improved ideas/techniques of Renaissance • Baroque - Portuguese word; imperfect pearl (crawford and jewel pics) • Chiaroscuro – main Baroque technique - contrast between light and dark. • Tenebrism - Italian for "murky“ -figures emerge from the dark • Counter-Reformation – Response of Catholic Church to Protestant Reformation • Absolutism – monarchy with supreme political power; controls every aspect of life • Catholic Emotionalism - Intense religiosity that influenced Baroque art work • 1573-1610 Caravaggio • Italian painter • abandoned Renaissance rules of art • did not idealize human/religious experience • Religious figures portrayed as regular people • imprisoned for assault and killing a tennis opponent-spent rest of life avoiding authorities • Biblical scenes – Calling of St.Matthew – Conversion of St. Paul Calling of St. Matthew Conversion of St. Paul Most famous of his works The Conversion of St. Paul • Religious art was secularized • Saints and miracles appeared to be ordinary events • “down and dirty” style • St Paul is on the ground, and you see the horse’s rear • The audience is brought into the action through the use of chiaroscuro and perspective. Gentileschi • 1593 – 1652 • female painter • Influenced by Caravaggio • Raped at 19 by art student/teacher • painted women getting revenge against men • Judith Slaying Holofernes Judith Slaying Holofernes Italian Baroque Art/Architecture • Gianlorenzo Bernini -1598-1680 -sculpture/architect -last of great artists to work for the popes -St. Peter’s Piazza -David -Ecstasy of St. Teresa -Cornaro Chapel St. Peter’s Piazza David Ecstasy of St. Teresa Cornaro Chapel Bernini Video Intro If it ain’t Baroque…… a Student’s perspective on Baroque and it’s musical greats article 1. How is the Baroque period like a teenager? 2. What was the time span of the Baroque period? 3. What four factors contributed to the development of Baroque Music? 4. How did the author use Cindy Crawford as a simile to Baroque? 5. Describe the following analogy given for the 3 qualities of Baroque music: a. Sharp contrast “manic depression” b. Ornamental toppings “banana split” c. Improvisation “spontaneous combustion” 6. Describe the contributions of the following people to the world during the Baroque period: a. Vivaldi b. Bach c. Handel Agenda • February Culture Projects Due Thursday (A2) and Friday (B4) • To get: – St. Teresa Reading – Bernini Video Question Sheet – do your opener on the back! • To do: – Opener – St. T Reading w/ questions – Continue Lecture – Rembrandt/Ryusch/Vermeer – Bernini Video Questions St. Teresa Reading • Short Video After Opener • 1. Describe the angel in St. Teresa’s diary. • 2. What was he on fire with? • 3. What sort of “pain” was she experiencing? • 4. After this experience St. Teresa says that the soul is not content with what? Rembrandt van Rijn • 1606-1669 • From Amsterdam/Netherlands • Mastered all popular subjects – Religious/historical themes from Italy – Daily life/people from Holland • Painter, draftsman, and etcher of the 17th century; the greatest artist of the Dutch school • luxurious brushwork, rich color, and a mastery of chiaroscuro (the use of light and shadow). • His drawings constitute a vivid record of contemporary Amsterdam. • influenced by the work of Caravaggio • If he had no model, he painted or sketched himself. He painted Rembrandt between 50 to 60 self- portraits. • In 1636 Rembrandt began to depict quieter, more contemplative scenes with a new warmth in color. • During the next few years three of his four children died in infancy, and in 1642 his wife died. • In the 1630s and 1640s he made many landscape drawings and etchings. • His landscape paintings are imaginative, rich portrayals of the land around him. Self -Portraits • Rembrandt was Rembrandt at his most inventive in this work, popularly known as The Night Watch, 1642. • Each man is painted with the care that Rembrandt gave to single portraits, yet the composition is such that the separate figures are second in interest to the effect of the whole. The Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq The Mill (1650) Rembrandt • The Return of the Prodigal Son (ca. 1662) Christ Healing the Sick – etching Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulip Rachel Ruysch • 1664-1750 • Dutch • paintings for domestic interiors • Sold at craft markets • Flowers in a Vase (Why would Protestant artists paint still-lifes and landscape pictures?) Flowers in a Vase Johannes Vermeer • 1632-1675 • Dutch • Genre scenes • Master of light and color • Allegory of Painting • The Milkmaid Allegory of Painting The Milkmaid What about the English? Best known in poetry and writing • John Donne • John Milton • John Locke -social contract -give up some freedoms for greater good -liberalism -personal freedoms are most important Continue Video Bernini • Be sure to answer the • Part 6 questions on the • Part 7 sheet provided. • Part 8 • Your opener should • Part 9 be on the back. • Part 1 • Part 2 • Part 3 • Part 4 • Part 5 Bernini Questions (copy and leave room for your answer – 40 points) While watching Simon Schama’s The Power of Art Bernini, answer the following questions: 1) Describe the early life of Bernini. Was he talented from the very beginning? Who pushed him to do art work? Who did he impress? 2) Bernini’s sculptures are known for showing what? 3) In one sculpture, Bernini shows a character suffering extreme pain. How did he inspire himself to create this sculpture? 4) Describe Bernini’s Apollo and Dauphine. 5) What is Bernini’s relationship to Rome? 6) Why was Bernini’s bust of Constance revolutionary? What made it unique from previous busts? 7) What happened to Constance? Why? 8) What design was Bernini’s downfall? Why was it a failure? 9) What piece of work revitalized Bernini’s career? 10) Describe this piece.
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