Stone Age Study Guide
* This study guide simply serves as a guide on some of the things that you should study to prepare for the test. It does not contain everything you need to know so you
still need to study your guided notes, vocabulary preview, and other activities we have done in class.
Know the following for the test: Describe how Stone Age people survived?
- Stone age people had to hunt and gather. They had to
Key Vocabulary Words: have special skills in order to survive in their environment.
Prehistory, archaeology, archaeologist, artifact, migrate, Their bodies were also shorter and stockier to retain heat.
glacier, domesticate, harvest, culture, technology
What changed people’s lifestyle from being hunter-
Describe how we learn about Ancient peoples. gatherers to instead having permanent settlements?
- we study artifacts and cave art. By analyzing these - Discovery of agriculture, then domesticating plants and
objects, we can learn how ancient people may have lived animals so that they always had a permanent food source
Stone Age: What historians call the early period of human What were the first domesticated crops? Animals?
time - Goats, sheep, cows, dogs
Paleolithic: Early period of the Stone Age, tolls were an What does it mean to domesticate animals? Why did
important technology; the use of fire helped them survive people begin doing this?
-To tame for human use. The animals could do some of the
Neolithic: later part of the Stone Age, polished stone tools, work for us, and even allow us to perform some tasks that
Jericho and Catal Huyuk are 2 well known communities, humans alone are not strong enough to perform. Also, some
farming was a revolutionary change during this time period of the animals were tamed for human enjoyment (pets).
List 5 examples of artifacts. What did surplus food lead to in the Stone Age?
-bones, tools, flints, weapons, campfire ash, anything else - It led to social division. This means that instead of
left behind by people everybody having to hunt and gather, they could instead
have a small group of people farm to provide enough food
List 3 Ice Age animals. for everybody, so that they other members of the
- American Mastodon (Wooly Mammoth), Big Horned community had more time to perform other jobs. This led
Bison, Giant Ground Sloth, Saber Tooth Tiger to people progressing more rapidly in their technological
Describe how people got to America.
-Migrated out of East Asia, traveled along the Indian Ocean What happened after the glaciers melted at the end of
until the reached the northeast corner of Asia. Then they the last ice age?
used the Bering Strait to crossover into what is now Alaska. - Fertile land appeared and people began learning how
Tell 3 theories on where the earliest Americans lived.
- Clovis, NM: 11,000 year old artifacts Tell 3 things an archaeologist might determine from
- Monte Verde, Chili: 12,000 year old artifacts cave paintings.
- Topper Site in South Carolina-: 18,000 year old artifacts - how ancient people may have lived
- how or what they hunted
What caused the start of the New Stone Age? - religious ceremonies
- Discovery of metal working - tools and resources that these people have
- Developing agriculture
- Polished stone tools What is the name of the man found in 1991, that was
frozen for 5,300 years? Why was the discovery of this
What was the greatest discovery made by Neanderthals? body so important?
Tell all the uses they had for this “blazing hot” Otzi. Discovering Otzi gave historians insight into the life
discovery. of a man that lived over 5,000 years ago. The artifacts
Fire. Used for hunting, cooking food, keeping warm, found with Otzi told us a lot about this time period.
lighting for painting cave art, scare animals off cliffs.
Describe stone age tools.
-Tools were made of stone. They were not very well shaped
or very durable. They were difficult to us