Chapter 1 Study Guide
1. Define anatomy and physiology. I’d guess you should recognize the
specialized branches of both anatomy and physiology as well.
2. What is the principle of complementarity of structure and function? What is
the significance of this principle? (What did I say about it in class?)
3. What are the levels of structural organization of the body? What is the
hierarchy? (Don’t know what hierarchy means? Look it up in a dictionary.)
4. What is an atom?
5. What is a molecule? What is a macromolecule?
6. What is a cell? What are organelles? What does that statement about
organelles being the basic unit of living cells mean?
7. And what about that statement about cells being the smallest unit of life – why
would anybody say a thing like that? What does that mean?
8. What is a tissue? How many different types of cells does it take to make a
tissue? What do all of the cells that make up a tissue have in common?
9. How many tissues make up an organ? What do all of the tissues that are part
of the same organ have in common?
10. What is an organ system?
11. What things are considered necessary life functions? What is life anyway?
What is the purpose of life? What is the meaning of life?
12. What is metabolism?
13. What is the difference between anabolism and catabolism?
14. What are the survival needs of the human organism?
15. What are nutrients used for?
16. Why do we need oxygen?
17. What do we need water for? You will become intimately acquainted with
water (actually you already are, you will just gain more of an appreciation for
this relationship during this course) as we go along.
18. What does appropriate temperature and atmospheric pressure do for you?
What do you think inappropriate temperature and atmospheric pressure will
do for you?
19. What is homeostasis?
20. How is it maintained (homeostasis)?
21. How do negative and positive feedback mechanisms work? Which type is
22. What is the standard anatomical position?
23. Know all those directional and regional terms.
24. What is found in the axial region? In the appendicular?
25. Know all the planes and what you get when you slice a body up through each
26. List the cavities of the body and what they contain.
27. What are the ventral cavities lined with?
28. What is a serous membrane?
29. What is the difference between the visceral and parietal serosa?
30. What is serous fluid? What is it good for?
31. What are the 9 anatomically defined abdominopelvic regions?
32. And how about those quadrants?