Life Science Final Study Guide Organisms and Environment 1. What is the source of energy for all organisms? 2. What is photosynthesis? What is the equation? 3. What does biotic mean? 4. What does abiotic mean? Classification of Kingdoms 1. Who invented the way we classify and name organisms? 2. What are the classification hierarchy steps? 3. What are the three domains? 4. What are the six kingdoms? 5. Why do viruses not have a kingdom? Cells and Cell Organelles 1. What is a cell? 2. What does the cell theory state? 3. What is the process of cell division called? What are the stages? 4. How do we use bacteria for our benefit? 5. Describe the differences between prokaryotic cell and eukaryotic cells. 6. What are the structures of prokaryotic cell and their function? 7. What are organelles? 8. What are the organelles of a eukaryotic cells and their function? 8. Compare and contrast structures and functions of animal and plant cells. 9. Compare cells, tissue, organs, and organ systems. Matching: Match the correct bacteria part with its definition 1. capsule a. protects the cell 2. Nucleiod b. DNA containing area 3. Pili c. Hollow hair like structures 4. Flagella d. Long tail used for motility Matching: Match the organelle to its function. 1. Cell Wall a. Supports the cell in plants, bacteria, fungi, and algae 2. Cell Membrane b. Regulates things in and out of the cell 3. Ribosomes c. Small structures that make proteins 4. Cytoplasm d. The gel-like substance in the cell 5. Nucleus e. Directs all cell activity 6. Nucleolus f. A spherical body in the nucleus 7. Endoplasmic Reticulum g. Interconnected membranes that transports and processes materials throughout the cell 8. Golgi Bodies h. Sort and package proteins and other substances 9. Cytoskeleton i. Controls cell shape and organization 10. Mitochondria j. Releases energy, from breaking down food, for cell use 11. Lysosomes k. sac-like structure that contains enzymes that help breakdown food molecules, cell waste, and worn out cell parts 12. Peroxisomes l. contains enzymes that produce and decompose hydrogen peroxide 13. Vacuole m. cavity in the cytoplasm that stores food 14. Cholroplast n. Contains chlorophyll, and is the site of photosynthesis Heredity and reproduction 1. What is the purpose of meiosis? What are the stages? 2. Compare and contrast asexual to sexual reproduction. 3. What are the benefits and negatives to asexual reproduction? 4. What is heredity? 5. What is genetics? 6. What are genes? 7. What are nucleosomes? 8. What are chromosomes? 9. How many pairs of chromosomes do human have? 10. What are autosomes? 11. What are sex chromosomes? 12. What would the sex chromosomes be if it where a male? A female? 13. What are gametes? 14. What is fertilization? 15. What is DNA? 16. What scientist discovered the shape of DNA? 17. What is the shape of DNA? 18. What four base pairs make up the rungs in DNA? Which ones pair with each other? 19. What is the difference between DNA and RNA? 20. If a person has three chromosomes on the 21 st pair what is the name of the genetic disorder? Human Body Systems 1. What are the primary responsibilities of the integumentary, skeletal, muscle, circulatory, respiratory, lymphatic, digestive, urinary, endocrine, and nervous systems? 2. What are the major organs and pathways of the human body systems mentioned in question 1?
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