The Crucible Introduction

Document Sample
The Crucible Introduction Powered By Docstoc
					  Realism,
Arthur Miller,
    and

The Crucible
The Play
The Drama
The Playwright
              Arthur Miller
 Born and raised New    Started out writing
  York                    radio scripts, then
 Dropped out of high     moved to playwriting
  school due to The      1947—first Broadway
  Great Depression        success with All My
 Went to the             Sons
  University of          1949—produced his
  Michigan—graduated      best known play
  in 1938—began his       Death of a Salesman
  writing career          which won a Pulitzer
                          Prize
 Which play won Miller the Pulitzer
              Prize?
a.   All My Sons
                              33%               33%             33%
b.   Death of a
     Salesman
c.   The Crucible




                                                   .
                              ns




                                                                   le
                                                l..




                                                                ib
                                             Sa
                            So




                                                               c
                                                            ru
                                            a
                         y
                        M




                                                            C
                                        of




                                                        e
                     ll




                                       th




                                                       Th
                     A




                                   ea
                                                                   :10
                                   D
Miller’s political crucible
   Politically minded, Miller was disturbed by the
    1950’s anticommunism campaign of Senator
    Joseph McCarthy.
   Miller was summoned to testify by the House
    Committee on Un-American Activities in 1956
    to explain his own political beliefs.
   Miller was uncooperative when asked to
    name others interested in communist
    meetings; he was indicted for contempt of
    court.
What was Arthur Miller
indicted for?
  1.   Refusing to show up in
       court
  2.   Refusing to name his
       own political belief
  3.   Refusing to name       33%                              33%
       names of others
       attending communist
       meetings
                                             33%
                                                                      10

                             Refusing to show ...   Refusing to name ...
                             Refusing to name ...
Miller and Monroe
• His personal life took an interesting
  turn when he married Marilyn
  Monroe in 1956.
• He wrote the play The Misfits for her
  to star in.
• They divorced in 1961.
• Both his ordeal with McCarthy and
  his marriage to Monroe kept Miller in
  the public eye, making his popularity
  as a playwright even more
  pronounced.
The happy couple
How did a marriage to Marilyn Monroe
affect Miller’s Life?


                              33%


                              33%


                         33%
1. He became more popular.

2.   After the divorce, he was in a writing
     slump

3.   No change.
                                              :10
Influences on Miller’s work
   Henrik Ibsen, August Strindberg, and Anton
    Chekhov (three 19th century European
    playwrights) paved the way for American
    realist drama: They tackled subjects such as
    guilt, sexuality, and mental illness—subjects
    never portrayed on stage before.
   These European realists bequeathed the
    dramatic “slice of life” technique to their
    American heirs so that they, too, could write
    about life as it is actually lived.
           The Realists dramatists wrote about
        taboo subjects like sex and mental
        illness.                                         10




1.   True
2.   False


                              50%                  50%




                                    True   False
American Realism and Eugene
O’Neill
• Realistic drama employs
  the 4th wall technique—
  which has the audience
  looking into the lives of
  characters as if the 4th
  wall of a room is removed
  and we voyeuristically
  peer in.
• Became dominant mode
  of American drama after
  the beginning of 20th
  cent.
• Eugene O’Neill
  experimented with
  characters and dialogue
  to reveal a “new realism.”
The 4th wall technique became the
prominent form of drama in the 20th
century.


 1. True
 2. False

                      50%                     50%

                                               10

                               True   False
Arthur Miller and
Tennessee Williams
              Represent 2 principal
               movements in
               modern American
               drama: realism and
               imaginative realism
              Miller is the
               playwright of our
               social conscience;
               Williams is the
               playwright of our
               souls.
Which realist dramatist is
considered the playwright of our
social conscience?                                         10

                                50%               50%

  1. Arthur Miller
  2. Tennessee
     Williams




                                                      .
                               er




                                                      ..
                                                  ill
                            ill




                                                  W
                           Mr




                                             ee
                         hu




                                              s
                      rt




                                           es
                      A




                                       nn
                                      Te
    Miller’s writing style
• Uses spare, plain        •   About drama, Miller stated, “To me the
                               theater is not a disconnected
  language                     entertainment, which it usually is to
                               most people here. It’s the sound and
• Characters are               the ring of the spirit of the people at
                               any one time. It is where a collective
  ordinary people caught       mass of people, through the genius of
                               some author, is able to project its
  up in social tensions        terrors and its hopes and to symbolize
                               them. … I personally feel that the
• Plot and character           theater has to confront the basic
  development depend           themes always. And the faces change
                               from generation to generation to
  upon psychological,          generation, but their roots are
                               generally the same, and that is a
  social, philosophical,       question of man’s increasing awareness
                               of himself and his environment, his
  and economic                 quest for justice and for the right to
  atmosphere of setting        be human.”
10 Which characteristics are true of
            Miller’s writing?


 1. Elaborate
    characters
 2. Detailed, expansive
    dialogue
 3. Spare, plain           33%                                    33%
    language
                                                33%


                                Elaborate charact...   Detailed, expansi...
                                Spare, plain lang...
      How are Miller’s characters and
10        plot often developed?

 1.    Using the social, economic
       atmosphere of the time
 2.    Using the psychological and
       philosophical atmosphere of
       the time                        20%                           20%
 3.    Playing upon the tensions of
       the time period
 4.    Only 1 & 2                     20%                                 20%
 5.    All of the above
                                                      20%

                                       Using the social,...   Using the psychol...
                                       Playing upon the ...   Only 1 & 2
                                       All of the above
                Puritans “recap”
   Left Church of England
    for religious freedom
   Eventually settled in
    Boston and Salem in
    America
   Established theocracy, a
    fusion of church and state
   Laws based on religious
    and moral precepts
   Judgment and
    punishment were harsh
Setting of the play

   Literal               Symbolic
   1692                  1953
   Massachusetts         United States—
   Small rooms,           post WWII
    simply furnished      Anywhere a
   Claustrophobic         communist
    —both                  “witch-hunt” was
    intellectually         taking place
    and physically        Claustrophobic-
                           -intellectually
     Which setting had
     the small simple
     rooms set in 1692?
                               50%        50%

1.    Literal
2.    Symbolic




                                l




                                          lic
                             ra




                                       bo
                          te
                          Li




                                      m
                                     Sy
                                          :10
Cast of Characters

  John Proctor: farmer, husband of
   Elizabeth, adulterer with Abigail Williams,
   respected in community, honest and
   blunt, practical
  Elizabeth Proctor: wife, morally good,
   unforgiving at first, suspicious
  Abigail Williams: niece of Rev. Samuel
   Parris, 17 years old, seductress of John
   Proctor, manipulative, intelligent
Characters cont.
  Rev. Samuel Parris: village minister,
   indecisive, hypocritical, worried about his social
   position, weak/materialistic man
  Rev. John Hale: renowned witchcraft expert,
   sincere but somewhat narrow minded, willing
   to change his mind
  Deputy Gov. Danforth: highest ranking civil
   authority, presides over witch trials, hard and
   determined, unable to admit error
  Mary Warren: shy, lonely, teenager, Proctors’
   servant, easy target for Abigail’s manipulation
Take a guess: who’s going to be
the villains?
1. Elizabeth Proctor
                                        14% 14% 14% 14% 14% 14% 14%

2. Abigail Williams
3. Deputy Governor
   Danforth
4. John Proctor
5. Both 1 & 4
6. Both 2 & 3
7. All of the above



                                                         ..




                                                         ..
                                                         r
                                                        ..




                                                        4

                                                        3
                                           il W ..
                                                     ia.




                                                      o.
                                                     to
                                                       .



                                                    o.
                                   oc




                                                   &

                                                   &

                                                ab
                                               oc
                                                 ill

                                                rn




                                                1

                                                2
                                 Pr



                                             ve

                                             Pr




                                            he
                                            th

                                            th
                             th



                                        Go




                                        Bo

                                        Bo

                                         ft
                                        hn
                                      a
                            be

                                   ig




                                      lo
                                     Jo
                                     ty
                                 Ab
                       iza




                                    Al
                                   pu
                       El



                                    De
Questions to consider for
themes
   What constitutes         Is it possible to
    true authority?           apply the logic and
   What is the proper        rationalism of justice
    application of            to fear and hysteria?
    authority?               In what ways can
   How can people deal       appearances
    with sin and guilt?       misrepresent reality?
   What responsibility      What are the
    does an individual        consequences of
    have to speak out         revenge for the
    against injustice?        individual and
                              society?
Remember to read all
  narrative notes--
They represent Arthur Miller himself talking to
  you, telling you what you need to know to
   understand the dual nature of the play.
      Enjoy a piece of dramatic history!

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:18
posted:9/30/2012
language:English
pages:28