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									The Sacred Circle

Mrs. Jennifer Montgomery
         MKS10
       2009-2010
            Native History
► Inthe beginning Glooscap was created; son
 of the Creator, a Man-God and teacher to
 the Mi’kmaw people.
         Glooscap’s Creation
► Glooscap was created when 3 strikes of
 lightening hit the red earth…that is how the
 Mi’kmaw explain the “red” colour of their
 skin.
          Glooscap’s Lesson
► One of Glooscap’s first lessons was about
 the shape he found everywhere in nature.
 Glooscap knew this shape must have been
 special to The Creator because he used it in
 so many designs…
            The Sacred Circle
► …that   shape was the Sacred Circle.
When you observe nature you use
         your eyes...



                   …they are circles.
The sun, moon, and stars are circles.
Birds build their nests…




  …in circles…so do ants.
Berries and fruits are circles.
Frogs eggs…




              …and mushrooms
Trees grow in circles…??
Yes, they do.
Water forms circles…
The Eagle will fly higher and higher
      toward The Creator…




                        …in a circle.
            Other Circles…
► The  seasons change in a circle:
spring, summer, fall, winter and around again
► Life is a circle:
Birth, teenage, adult, elder

  Can you think of any other circles????????
               The Sacred Circle
►   The Sacred Circle, is a very powerful symbol of
    Native American spirituality.
►   Because it is a circle, it represents the many cycles
    that appear in the natural world: the cycle of night
    and day, of the seasons, and of birth, life, and
    death.
                Interpretations
►   Each Nation has its
    own understanding of
    the Sacred Circle; the
    colours, order, and
    other details may
    differ.
►   This does not mean
    that any one
    understanding is right
    or wrong; each Nation
    received teachings that
    work best for them.
             The Four Directions
►   The Mi'kmaq Sacred Circle contains four colours:
    red, white, yellow and black. Because the circle
    represents the passage of the sun and the seasons,
    discussion of the Circle usually starts in the East
    direction, where the sun rises, and travels in a
    clockwise direction.
►   The East, then, is seen as a direction of beginnings,
    including infancy (the beginning of life) and spring
    (the beginning of a new year.) The West is seen as a
    direction of endings, and is the direction the spirit
    travels when it leaves this Earth.
The Meaning of the Four Directions

East   Birth   Air   White    Receives energy Environmental      Wisdom &
                                                                 Logic

South Youth Water Red         Gives Energy    Emotional Aspect Trust &
                                                               Innocence

West   Adult Earth Black      Holds Energy    Physical Aspect    Introspection &
                                                                 Insight

North Elder Fire     Yellow   Determines      Spiritual Aspect   Illumination &
                              Energy                             Enlightening
         The Sacred Circle

                                THE SACRED CIRCLE
                     “You have noticed that everything an Indian
               Does is In a circle, and that is because the power of the
          World Always works in circles, and everything tries to be round.
        In the old days All our power came to us from the sacred hoop of the
      Nation and so long As the hoop was unbroken the people flourished. The
  flowering tree was the living center of the hoop, and the circle of the four quarters
nourished it. The east gave peace and light, the south gave warmth, the west gave
rain and the north with its cold and mighty wind gave strength and endurance. This
knowledge came to us from the outer world with our religion. Everything the power of
 the world does is done in a circle. The sky is round and I have heard that the earth
 is round like a ball and so are all the stars. The wind, in its greatest power, whirls.
       Birds make their nests in circles, for theirs is the same religion as ours.
        The Sun comes forth and goes down again in a circle. The moon does
         the same and both are round. Even the seasons form a great circle
                  in their changing and always come back again to
                                   where they were.”
                                       -Black Elk
                          Discuss…

                                THE SACRED CIRCLE
                     “You have noticed that everything an Indian
               Does is In a circle, and that is because the power of the
          World Always works in circles, and everything tries to be round.
        In the old days All our power came to us from the sacred hoop of the
      Nation and so long As the hoop was unbroken the people flourished. The
  flowering tree was the living center of the hoop, and the circle of the four quarters
nourished it. The east gave peace and light, the south gave warmth, the west gave
rain and the north with its cold and mighty wind gave strength and endurance. This
knowledge came to us from the outer world with our religion. Everything the power of
 the world does is done in a circle. The sky is round and I have heard that the earth
 is round like a ball and so are all the stars. The wind, in its greatest power, whirls.
       Birds make their nests in circles, for theirs is the same religion as ours.
        The Sun comes forth and goes down again in a circle. The moon does
         the same and both are round. Even the seasons form a great circle
                  in their changing and always come back again to
                                   where they were.”
                                       -Black Elk
                  The Assignment
►   Create a Sacred Circle based on your personality,
    experiences and characteristics that follow the guidelines
    of the Mi’kmaq Sacred Circle. You will create four circles
    each divided into four sections. Your circle may take the
    form of a Bristol board presentation, a booklet, a website,
    PowerPoint, or other teacher approved format. On each
    section / page of the assignment you will include one part
    of the sacred circle and how it relates to you.

								
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