Research Papers or Reports _MLA_

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Research Papers or Reports _MLA_ Powered By Docstoc
or Reports
•   A multi-page document that usually
    contains several sub-topics of
    information related to one main
•   Example of use:
    – A marketing research report
      summarizing the supply and demand
      statistics for a new product
  Components of a Report
1. Title page (optional) – includes
   the name of the document, writer’s
   name, teacher/professor’s name
   (optional), and date of publication
2. Table of Contents (optional)
3. Report Page
4. Bibliography/Works Cited
5. Notes Page
    Title page (optional)
• Includes:
  – name of the document
  – writer’s name
  – teacher/professor’s name (optional)
  – date of publication (spelled out—
    September 15, 2011)
  Report Page Components
1. Title – (required) – the identifying
   information keyed in the top left
   margin of the report

2. Header –writer’s last name and the
   page number
  Report Page Components
3. Body – the content

4. Parenthetical citations –
   reference note keyed in the body of
   the report
  Report Page Components
5. Endnotes/Footnotes – another
   type of reference format used in
   reports, but recommended for use
   only when necessary to add
   commentary or clarify

  – Endnotes are typically used to add
  – References are used to cite a source
  Report Page Components
6. Works Cited – a complete listing
   of references cited parenthetically
   in the report and keyed on a
   separate page

7. Notes – a complete list of
   resources and references used to
   accompany endnotes and keyed on
   a separate page
                 Title Page
• Vertically Centered
• Margins 2-1-1-1
• Horizontally center the information
  –   Title of page
  –   12-15 Enters
  –   Author’s Name(s)
  –   Double Space
  –   Professor’s/Teacher’s Name & Class
  –   12-15 Enters
  –   Date (spelled out)
  –   Author’s email & phone number (optional)
          Report Page(s)
  – Key the following at the top left margin
    of the first page in double space mode
    • Writer’s name
    • Teacher/professor’s name
    • Course name
          Report Page(s)
• Header (View, Header & Footer)
  – Formatted to include:
    • writer’s last name
    • followed by one space
    • and the page number in the .5 inch top right
              Report Page(s)
• Body
  – Title of Report
     • Center the title
     • DS after the title line
     • Key the title in Title Case (Initial Caps), not in all capital
     • Double space between the title and the first line of the text
  – Use a legible font size
  – Double-space all lines    (Control-2, Format Paragraph, Lines with
    Up/Down Arrows)
  – Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation
  – Indent the first line of a paragraph .5” (One Tab) from
    the left margin
  – Use either italics or underlining for the titles of longer
    works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing
           Report Page(s)
• Side Headings (category/section names)
  – Left Aligned
  – DS before & after
  – When using headings in MLA, title the main
    sections (B-level headers) in a different style
    font than the paper’s title, e.g., in small caps.
    (Format, Change Case, Small Caps)
  – Headings used follow an A-, B-, C level system
    to break the text into smaller sections. The
    different levels help organize the paper and
    maintain consistency in the paper’s
    organization. You may come up with your own
    headings as long as they are consistent.
         Report Page(s)
• Parenthetical Citations
  – Keyed immediately following a quote or
    referenced source in the body
  – Includes the author’s name and page
    number as in this example: (Lowery
  – The complete reference is keyed in the
    works cited section of the report
             Report Page(s)
• Endnotes/Footnotes
  – Used only sparingly and for necessary clarifying
  – Indicated by a superscripted # within the body and
    keyed after any punctuation in the reference to which it
    refers (with the exception of a dash or hyphen)
  – Footnotes (notes that appear at the bottom of the page
    in the body)
     • single space
     • first line indent format
     • double space separating each additional footnote
  – When endnotes/footnotes are used, they must be
    referenced separately on a notes page
        Works Cited Page
• Used to accompany parenthetical citations
• Keyed on separate page with the same
  margins as the report
• Includes header (last name, page #)
• Label the page Works Cited
  – center the title
  – at the top 2” margin of the page
• Keyed in hanging indent format and
  double spaced
• Listed in alpha order by author’s last name
   Bibliography/Works Cited
       Keying Guidelines
• A listing of works you cited in the report.
• Center the title, WORK CITED, in all caps, and leave a
  quadruple space between the title and the first entry.
• The first line of each entry should be aligned with the left
  margin. Continuation lines are indented 5 spaces from the
  left margin. (Hanging Indent)
• Separate the main parts of an entry with a period.
• Single space within entries; double space between entries.
• Alphabetize the entries by author’s last name
• Underline or italicize book, magazine, and newspaper
  titles (long works)
• Quotation marks around the titles of articles, poetry, or
  essays (short works)
• The work cited page is at the end of the report.
 Bibliography/Works Cited
                                       Top Margin
                                         2 inch
   Key each reference
   with a hanging indent,                                             Page
   which means that the                                    Insert the #
   first line of the                 WORK CITED            ½ inch from the
   reference is keyed at                                   top of the page
   the left margin and                                     and right aligned
   continuation lines are
           Dansereau, D. F. “Learning Strategy Research,” Thinking and Learning
                Skills. Vol. 1. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1999.
 Side                                                                  Single Space within each
Margin                                                                 reference
   s       Huber, Rose. “Teaching Students How to Study.” Eastside Weekend.
1 inch          September 1-7, 1998.
                                                            Double space between each
           Silver, Theodore. Study Smart. New York: Villard Books, 2000.

           The Shakespearean Homework Helper “Where is
                Duke Orsin’s Palace?” 29 November 1999. Borrow, Christine

           U. S. Census Bureau. “American FactFinder: Facts About My
                 Community.” (Online) 30 November 1999.

                               Bottom Margin
                                   1 inch
                    Notes Page
• List of resources and references when footnotes
  or endnotes are used
• Keyed on separate page with the same margins
  as the report
• Includes header (last name, page number)
• Label the page Notes
  – Center the title
  – at the top 2” margin of the page
• Keyed in hanging indent format and double
• Listed in chronological order by superscript
             Table of Contents
•       Purpose – used to accompany a report,
        document, or manuscript to list the
        topics and subtopics in the order in
        which they occur

•       Example of use:
    –     Chronological listing with page numbers of
          contents of an accompanying research report

•       Located after Title Page before actual
            Table of Contents
•       Components
    –    Table of Contents (title)
    –    List of topics and subtopics and their
         respective pages
    –    Page number – in roman numeral style at
         the bottom of the page
    –    Could contain Dot Leaders
•       Margins
    –    All margins should be set in accordance with
         the document it supports
                Table of Contents
                Keying Guidelines
•   May be prepared using the software’s automatic feature or manually
•   Center the heading Table of Contents in all caps and bold 2 inches from
    the top of the page. Use a double or triple space after the title
•   A list of each element of the report or document following the table of
•   Left Aligned
•   Set a right dot leader tab and key the corresponding page number in the
    right margin
•   Subtopics within a topic should be indented an additional .5 spaces from
    the left (1 tab)
•   Include a page number in roman numeral format in the bottom center of
    each page
•   Single Space within and Double space between all entries
     – Single space multiple-line entries
•   Key entries in initial caps
•   Use a double or triple space before the appendix listing on the table of
•   Double space the items at the end of the report, such as the appendices
    and bibliography
• Hanging indent - A temporary left
  margin that indents all lines but the
  first line of the text.
• Reference list/Works Cited/
  Bibliography - A list of all
  references used in a report. This
  allows the writer to give credit to the
  author of the material used in the
• Body - The main text of a personal
  letter, business letter, memo, email,
  or report.
• Double space - Pressing the enter
  key twice (2) leaving one blank line.
  This can also refer to line spacing
  using the word processing feature to
  leave one blank line between each
  line of text. (Ctrl-2)
• Side heading - Headings used to
  separate the report into sections.
• Title Page - The title page is the
  first page of a report. It gives the
  title of the report, the name of the
  writer, the name of the school or
  class, and the date.
• Unbound report - Short reports that are
  prepared without binders or covers.
• Left bound - Longer reports prepared
  with binders. Left margin is wider (1.5”)
  to accommodate binding along the left
• Top bound - Top margin is wider (1.5”)
  to accommodate binding along the top

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