Ch. 12 Adjectives Yeonsoo Suh
Stacking of adjectives: The order of adjectives before nouns (pg. 238)
Articles Numeral Opinion Physical state Age Color Proper noun Religion/ Material Noun used
A, an, the First, three, Beautiful Size-large Old, Black used as political Silk, as
last Intelligent new, white adjective belief metal, adjectives
clear young nationality Jewish wood(en) Fashion,
French, Christian School
English Marxist soccer
Demonstratives Quantifier Shape/length Nouns from
This, that several Oval, long adjectives
Possessives Numbers Condition
My, your ten Rusty, broken,
Adjectives of Time Temperature
indefinite quantity period cold
some, much recent
2. Gradability of adjectives (pg. 239)
Adjective Inflections More/most
Comparative Superlative Comparative Superlative
lively livelier liveliest more lively most lively
private *privater *privatest more private most private
good better best *more good *most good
Participial adjectives more exciting, most encouraging,
more depressed, most surprised
3. Positions of adjectives (pg. 242-245)
Attributive-only: before a noun in a NP Predicative-only: after a verb/not in a NP
Absolute, complete, total, sheer Afloat, afraid, aghast, alive, asleep, awake
Only, entire, occasional, usual
Future, old, former, previous, left, northeastern Faint, ill, poorly, unwell, well
“A mentally ill patient” is grammatical (pg. 244)
A mathematical journal, urban planning, Complements of infinitives or prepositional phrases:
A gothic novelist, a moral dilemma
A grayish-blue foreign sports car The old man is able to run.
A number of big-name Hollywood producers The bridge is liable to collapse at any moments.
A clean-shaven young man The letter was devoid of warmth and feeling.
A glass-bottom boat A situation fraught with danger
A world-renowned physicist
The physicist is world renowned.
4. Adjective phrases (pg. 246-248)
Structures of adjective phrases
The customers were [angry].
He was [extremely] [upset].
He was [upset] [about the poor service].
Adv Adj PP
He was [extremely] [upset] [about the poor service].
Angry, annoyed, concerned, delighted, + about
glad, happy, mad, pleased, upset
Adept, aghast, alarmed, amazed, +at
angry, awful, clever, disgusted, gifted,
great, hopeless, indignant, mad,
pleased, skilled, talented, terrible
Answerable, anxious, bad, difficult, +for
eager, easy, good, grateful, greedy,
necessary, prepared, responsible, sorry
Angry, bored, busy, cautious, careful, +with
conversant, cross, disappointed,
enchanted, familiar, fed up, fraught,
furious, happy, impatient, pleased,
obsessed, riddled, satisfied, strict,
Stacking of adjectives
Rewrite the following, arranging the words in parentheses in the proper order.
1. ( an, ugly, yellow, old, tin) bucket
2. (a, brick, old, beautiful) house
3. (muddy, steep, a, river) bank
4. (recent, white, exquisitely designed) china
5. (sympathetic, that, young, English) teacher
6. (gifted, young, college, black) students
Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives
Identify whether a sentence is grammatical or ungrammatical. If a form is
ungrammatical, explain why and correct it.
1. That was the interstingest lecture that I have heard in a long time.
2. She supplied a less convincing alibi that the other suspect.
3. The test they used to measure the students’ proficiency is less reliable than
the one that is usually used.
4. As it got darker, the two children became worrieder and worrieder.
5. He has the most completest game of the top 10 pros.
We use the past participle, ending in -ed, to We use a present participle, ending in -ing, to
modify a noun that is the receiver of the feeling modify a noun that is the source (agent or
or emotion. cause) of the feeling or emotion.
Find correct participial adjectives
1. Your jokes are (amusing/amused). I am (amusing/amused).
2. I was so (touching/touched) by a movie.
The scenes in the movie were so (touching/touched).
3. The nurse’s big needle was (frightening/frightened).
I was so (frightening/frightened) when she walked over to me.
4. We could not believe what we saw.
Our eyes were (overwhelming/overwhelmed) with color, music, dance and
fighting all at once.
5. I was (shocking/shocked) by what she told me.
6. I couldn’t find the way to your house because your map was very
Worksheet #3 Attributive or predicative adjectives
Identify if a sentence is ungrammatical. If it’s not, correct it.
Example: The afloat boat is hers.
The floating boat is hers.
1. The nice old lady comforts the afraid child.
2. The alive man was taken to the hospital.
3. The nurse helped the ill woman to a chair.
4. They plan to close all the hospitals for mentally ill patients.
5. The physicist is world renowned.
6. His new best-selling novel is about Wall Street.
Worksheet #4 A group activity to practice adjective phrases
Read a card aloud and tell whether it is grammatical. If it’s not, correct with an
We were amazed at his They were concerned for
generosity the possibility that he
We are very sorry for the I just got fed up to his
damage to your car. constant complaining.
The children were excited He’s responsible with this
to opening their presents. mission, so he’ll have to
come up 0with a solution.
Jason is completely My father was grateful for
obsessed at her. the police officer’s
1. An ugly old yellow tin bucket
2. A beautiful old brick house
3. A steep muddy river bank
4. Recent exquisitely designed white china
5. That sympathetic young English teacher
6. Gifted young black college students
1. The most interesting: most + a participial adjective
4. More and more worried: more + a participial adjective
5. The most complete: double superlative forms
1. Amusing, amused
2. Touched. Touching
3. Frightening, frightened
1. The frightened child
2. The live man
3. The sick woman
Worksheet #4 A group activity
amazed at concerned about
sorry for fed up with
excited about responsible for
obsessed with grateful for