An Addiction that Threatens
World Peace and Security
• Why We Should Strive for Energy Independence
• What Role Israel Can Play to Help Us
Neil B. Goldstein
Executive Vice President
Energy Alternatives for the 21st Century, Inc (EA-21)
The Israel Energy Partnership, Inc (TIEP)
The World Consumes roughly 85 million barrels
of oil a day - - even in the midst of a global recession
• At the current price of about $80 a barrel, worldwide spending for oil
amounts to almost 2.5 trillion dollars a year.
• At the 2007 price of $147 a barrel it represented an enormous tax on
all of us; one that made it impossible for many people to
simultaneously pay their mortgages and one that helped lead to the
Who Gets That Money –
OPEC Sells 30 million barrels a day
= $2.4 billion per day from the industrialized world.
OPEC Average Daily Production
Barrels Output (000's)
Non-OPEC producers of note (producing over 1 million bbl/day) include: Russia (9.9 million bbl/day),
U.S. (8.5 million), China (3.7 million), Mexico (3.5 million), Canada (3.4 million), EU (2.7 million),
Norway (2.6 million), Brazil (2.3 million), UK (1.7 million) and Kazakhstan (1.5 million).
What They Are Able to Do with It -
1. In the case of Iran, develop Nuclear Weapons and subjugate
their own people. In the case of Saudi Arabia, purchase
conventional arms in quantities out of proportion to their size.
Saudi Arabia ranks with India, Italy Japan and even Russia in military spending!
2. Buy Influence
• China imports over 3 million barrels a day. Its largest
suppliers are Saudi Arabia and Iran.
• The EU imports even more oil than China. Of its total,
2.48 million barrels a day come from the Middle East.
3. Raise a new generation that hates the West and that
seeks to end the very industrialized world that
purchases their oil
To See What Lies Behind Terrorism Click on the black background
Oil empowers America’s enemies, funds terrorism,
threatens Israel, distorts foreign policy to our disadvantage,
and finances Iran’s development of nuclear weapons.
There are few things we can be working on more
important to the security of the United States, to
the economic well-being of the industrialized
world, for the success of the war on terrorism,
and for the survival of the state of Israel than
ending the geopolitical importance of oil.
What Using “Less Fuel” Really Means
Oil is a fungible international commodity. To the extent that Americans use up the oil supplied from
our domestic production plus some oil from “friendly” nations, demand from the rest of the world
must be met by other suppliers including “bad” producers like Iran. So we can’t solve the problem
merely by buying our oil only from friendly producers.
World Oil Supply
There is no such thing as “good” oil or “bad” imported oil.
Every ounce of oil we import helps empower our enemies.
The only way to reduce the geopolitical impact of
oil and to take away the power of the oil producers
is to find alternatives to imported oil.
• Supply: Increase domestic
• Demand: Reduce consumption
or find alternative fuels
60% of the oil we use is consumed
• The entire $5 billion being spent for
weatherization will save less than
½% of the oil we use each year.
• Less than 3% of the oil we use is
consumed generating electricity. So,
while using renewables will reduce
greenhouse gases, it will not
significantly reduce oil consumption.
What Will and Will Not Work
• When it comes to our addiction to oil, electric power is not the problem, so as good as
renewables may be for addressing the problem of global warming, using solar or wind
instead of coal to generate electricity will do next to nothing for solving our addiction to
• And while electric cars and plug-in electric hybrid vehicles may the wave of the future,
they can’t do much immediately to end our addiction to oil. Although they can be built
today (the technology is ready right now) US DoE projects that fewer than 3% of the
cars on the road by 2030 will be electrics or plug-in hybrids. The problem is not
primarily one of technology (they can be built today) but rather one of marketplace
development and acceptance. If you have any doubt that it will take that long for this
new technology to gain market share, remember that fewer than ½ of 1% of the cars on
U.S. roads today are hybrids 12 years after Honda introduced them to the U.S. market
The quickest, surest and most economical approach to slashing
gasoline use is one that would produce and use alternative fuels in
cars very much like those produced today, and that could be driven
immediately, without a massive investment in new auto manufacturing
or refueling infrastructure.
What That Will Take
1. Flexible Fuel” cars that can run on those alternative fuels - The “Open Fuel
Standard Act (OFS),” (HR 1476 and S 835), would give consumers such a choice
of fuels, by requiring manufacturers to produce and sell such cars. Since they are
nearly identical to ordinary cars, for less than $100, every new car could be a
flexible fuel vehicle equipped to run on alcohol fuels. According to USEPA
OFS would give consumers that choice and put 177 million flexible fuel cars
on the road by 2022.
2. The Advance Biofuels for them to run on – The revised Renewable Fuel
Standard (“RFS2”) established by Congress in 2007 requires that gasoline refiners
sell these alternative fuels in amounts that increase from about 9 billion gallons
today, to 15 billion in 2012 and to 36 billion gallons a year by 2022. Today it’s corn
ethanol that is being used to meet that requirement. But to meet the 36 billion
requirement will take as much as 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels from such
sources as cellulosic waste or algae. The U.S. and our friends will need to carry
out a massive R&D program to figure out ways to cost-effectively produce these
What Israel Can Do to Help
Marshalling Israel’s capabilities to help solve the
problem of global addiction to oil.
Producing cost-effective substitues for gasoline.
• The U.S.-Israel Energy Cooperation Act (section 917 of EISA
[PL110-140]), already establishes a framework for U.S.-Israel
cooperation to help produce these advanced biofuels.
• Prime Minister Netanyahu’s has made a commitment that Israel will
help in the fight to end the global dependence on oil.
What are some of the technologies that Israel has
to offer to produce replacements for oil?
• Producing synthetic fuels from traditional
feedstocks using new chemical processes:
• Or new biological processes (Enzymatic and
Microbial Pretreatment of Cellulose, Hemicellulose and
Lignin to free up the glucose needed for fermentation)
• Ed Bayer – Weizmann (enzymatic complexes, “cellusomes”) to use biochemical
approaches to pretreat
• Charles Greenblatt and Stefan Rokem at Hebrew University and Shoham Yuval at
Technion – study of bacteria that readily digest cellulosic waste (e.g. in municipal
wastewater) to pretreat or that naturally produce petroleum to produce fuels direcdtly
• Sharon Amir at Tel Aviv University to use fungi that produce biodegrading enzymes
• Or new physical processes
• Hydrogen production – WIS scientists work
on several methods to produce hydrogen (a
clean and efficient fuel) using solar energy.
These methods include: (i) hydrocarbon
reforming, (ii) methane decomposition, and
(iii) solar thermal-electrochemical
dissociation of water at high temperatures.
• Biomass gasification – developing means
to use solar energy to convert biomass
(such as organic waste) to fuel.
Feedstocks could be coal,
municipal waste, corn Reprinted by permission of the owner, Deror Avi
stover, rice husks, wood
Photos reprinted by permission of author: Deror Avi
• Or by improving the fuel feedstocks using
the most advanced scientific methods
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Comparative genomics based gene discovery
We believe that comparative genomics, harnessing the valuable information available in the evolutionary
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• Or by BioEngineering Entirely New Ones
• TransAlgae's Technology
• Scientific Approach
• The basic premise of TransAlgae is that organisms chosen from the wild are
being used for bio-fuel and co-products; nonetheless, they must be domesticated
just as all successful crops have been. TransAlgae recognizes that the only
effective method of domestication for the looming challenges ahead, is to use the
tools of modern molecular biology. Therefore, we are developing platform
technologies based on transgenic algae.
• Using transgenic algae together with our novel production systems, adapted for
cultivating and harvesting algae, will considerably enhance yields per unit area,
while greatly decreasing capital and running costs. As a breeding company,
TransAlgae is developing a large number of strains that will be appropriate for
different environments and system designs. By developing a platform for a matrix
of climates, resources and co-products, we will be able to rapidly deploy stocks
worldwide, allowing our partners to to meet demand and respond to changing
• TransAlgae’s patent-protected production technologies, harvesting processes and
gene modulations will increase yields of the desired products, prevent
contamination of the algal production systems, while protecting the environment
from inadvertent release of transgenic organisms.
• Or by Using Israel’s Experience with Desert
Environments to Rediscover Old Ones
Halophytes – plants that can grow prolifically on damaged
desert lands without the need for fresh water
January 2006 October 2007 (22 months growth)
An Army of Trees Grows in the Desert
in the War for Energy Independence
For Further Information or to Help in the U.S. Effort for
Energy Security and Independence,
Click on the Link Below