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									University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
                  Upward Bound
                  University of Wisconsin-
                         Whitewater

                         Carol Elsen
                      University Library
                       June 21, 2006
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
                      Why Library
                      instruction?
                      How will
                      instruction help
                      me?
                      Why can’t I just
                      surf the Web?
University Library Keys to
Effective Searching

                Why Library
                instruction?
                  To maximize your
                  research time and
                  efforts
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
                 How will instruction
                 help me?
                   Developing library skills
                   is a long-term
                   investment in your
                   career in College &
                   beyond
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching

               Can’t I just surf the
               Web?
                 The Web doesn’t always yield
                 authoritative sources
                 When writing a paper,
                 professors want you to use
                 books and articles written by
                 experts
University Library Keys to
Effective Searching

                Fact or Myth?
                  All information is
                  available on the
                  Internet
University Library Keys to
Effective Searching
                Fact
                  Only a fraction of the
                  world’s information
                  appears on the Internet

                Fact
                  Libraries holds many
                  physical items (books,
                  journals, etc.) that aren’t
                  available online
University Library Keys to
Effective Searching

                Fact or Myth?
                  If I search Google, I
                  can find the same
                  stuff that my
                  College Library has
                  online
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
                Fact
                  The Library buys article
                  databases and other
                  sources of online
                  information that can’t be
                  found via Google

                Fact
                  Your tuition $$ help to pay
                  for Library products
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching

  Search Connectors
    Use And, Or, Not to connect concepts in a search


  Truncation
    Use truncation to find a variety of word endings
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
                                       Haiti   AIDS

  AND searches
    Haiti (finds 233 results)
    AIDS (finds 2,295 results)
    Haiti and AIDS (finds 3 results)
         And makes searches more specific
       Use And when you get too many results
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
  OR searches                              hunger   nutrition



    hunger (finds 427 results)
    nutrition (finds 2,870 results)
    hunger or nutrition (finds 3,235 results)


           Or makes searches broader
    Use Or when you don’t find enough results
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
  NOT searches                         Sri Lanka   tsunami




    sri lanka (finds 175 results)

    sri lanka not tsunami (finds 84 results)

        Not makes searches more relevant
      Use Not when you find irrelevant results
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
 Truncation
   environment (finds environment)
   environment? (finds environment, environmental,
   environmentalist, environmentalists,
   environmentalism, etc.)
            Truncation expands searches
    Use Truncation to find multiple forms of a word
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching
                                   environment   geography
                                      words        words

 Complex Searches
   combine synonyms with OR and put them all in
   parentheses (environment? or deforest? or
   ecolog?)
   Here’s a sample complex search: (environment?
   or deforest? or ecolog?) and brazil and
   (amazon or rain forest)
University Library
Keys to Effective Searching

								
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