TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of content
1.2 Purpose of the study
1.3 Statement of the problem
1.4 Research hypothesis
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Limitations / scope of the study
1.7 Operational definition of terms
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Definition and concept
2.2 Classical theories of motivation
2.3 Other motivation theories
2.4 Financial incentives
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research design
3.2 Identification of variables
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sample procedure
3.5 Data collection instrument
3.6 Data collection procedure
3.7 Method of data analysis
3.8 Problems encountered
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data analysis, findings and interpretation
4.2 Personal interview
4.3 Testing and interpretation of hypothesis
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND
5.1 Summary of findings
Appendix / glossary
Human beings are the most important components of an organization and
without understanding their nature and behaviour, it may be absolutely difficult
to design organization and formulate appropriate management strategies to
achieve their objectives. The central argument in the literature of organisation
theory when studying human beings is focused on the question. Do
organizations really act on do human beings in them? Ajobon R.T (1998:33).
To me, this is not a controversial question and at the some time, it is not
a difficult question to answer.
To answer the above question, we need to increase our level of objectivity.
The psychological forces motivating the action of individual in an organisation,
is quit different from the intentions of the organizational action. Organisation
act as collectivities directing their action towards are overriding goal but
human being act as individuals who are motivated by certain psychological
Human beings decide to work in certain organisation because they want to
satisfy certain needs. So, their behaviour in the organisation will be dependent
on to what extent they satisfy the needs that motivated their entry into the
On the other hand, organization, whether profit on non-profit motives, exist to
provide goods and services from the satisfaction of the public and it’s
members. Given this perspective, quality and quantity of outputs of goods and
services coupled with profit motive becomes the underlying factors. Therefore,
the ability of the organization to attain high performance in terms of these
quality, quality and level of profitability depends greatly on the managerial
leadership qualities and the incentives strategies.
A managerial leadership must therefore poses the empathy for intelligence,
initiative, the feelings of others and the responsibility to motivate for effective
1.2 PURPOSE OF STUDY
Today, many organizations suffer ineffectiveness or have packed up due to
defective managerial leadership. Whatever the size of an organization in terms
of capital base on the number of people working in it, as
well as machinery and materials have to be managed properly in order to
achieves predetermined goals.
Thus, in order to achieve at the solution as to whether organizational
defectiveness can be connected, the researcher proposes to determine whether:-
- Motivation can present organization depressiveness in terms of
- To determine the whether motivation without good leadership could
level to the desired performance.
- To determine which motivation techniques is best for employee and
organizational effectiveness in terms of performance.
- To determine the level of productivity as regard to employee
performance with a range of time.
- To determine whether leadership could be meaningful without the ability
and keenness to motivate employee for performance.
- And finally suggest ways of improving motivational techniques to
1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
For decades, behavioral scientists have focused attention on the study of
motivation. The inclination and in the studies emanates from the problems as
to whether motivation or not is responsible for organizational performance.
While some, especially those who believe in technological sophistication argue
that given that level of goods and modern machines, organization can perform
optimally. Others are of the view that organizational performance will depend
fundamentally on the managerial leadership and the way they motivate their
This schools content that the machine and equipment connate entirely work on
their own that human factors in terms of management will impact greatly on
performance. To what extent can this be held? This constitutes the central
problem of the research.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
A hypothesis is a statement of production about a relationship between two or
more variables and subject for verification. The hypothesis to be tested in the
H0: Employees can perform effectively and efficiently even without
leadership and motivation strategic.
H1: Employees may not perform effectively if the incentive criteria are poor.
H2: Motivate of employee’s determines their performance.
H3: Leadership determines employee’s productivity and performance.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The research is designed to example the extent to which motivation can go in
eliciting optimum performance on the employee. The field of management
today has been so devoted to changes and progress. Consequently, many
organizations are now aware that people need to be well directed managed and
motivated in order to get the best out of them.
Ordinarily many people find work to be two unpleasant and will do evenly
thing possible to avoid it.
The significance of study therefore is to highlight the importance of properly
directing, controlling, inducing and inspiring employees to achieve desired
Organization must have managers, who can play the figurehead role, the
interpersonal relationship as well as the potential power to define the
guidelines to follow, allocate resources and stimulate employees to attain high
1.6 LIMITATION/SCOPE OF STUDY
The aim purpose of the research is to examine the impact of motivation on
employee performance. Despite the seemingly broad scope of study stated
above, the research has chosen to limit the study to Delta Glass Company
Lack of adequate finance coupled with time leg within which the study has to
be completed underscores the choice of Delta Glass Company Limited. More
also, the choice of Delta Glass company limited was informed by indisputable
fact that it has been competing favourably in the glass industry.
Could the leadership and motivational strategies of the glass company be
responsible for it’s astnanomical progress over the years? Hence the choice of
the glass company as my case study.
1.7 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
Motivation:- This refers to an aspect of management concerned with
industry people to work to the best of this ability.
Performance:- This refers to actual results obtained sometimes used to
devote the achievement of positive result.
Incentives:- This refers to strengthening drive designed to motivate
workers or employees to greater performance e.g. money security, recognition,
justice, praise and opportunity, etc.
Efficiency:- Output divided by input on the extent to which the result produced
was at the least cost.
Leadership:- This is the exercise of authority in a social group, and the
qualities upon which such exercise depends, vanities with the nature of the
social group. It is responsibility and authority to direct, co-ordinate and motive
subordinates to ensure that the goals and objectives of the organization as well
as those of employees are in agreement.
Communication:- Refers to the process of transmitting information and
understanding between two on more people so as to execute the meaning(s) in
the information message.
Effectiveness:- This is the extent to which the designed result is realized
and it is frequently compared with efficiency.
Organization:- Organization is systematic may of arranging people so that
the subordinate and superseding structure of authority are to utilized the
available resources to achieve their goals.
Job satisfaction: This refers to these variables, which employees consider to
be yielding maximum benefit, and which enables him to develop positive
attitude towards his on her job.
Productivity:- This is the achievement target pen period of time pen
person on the relative output for a given level of input for a given level of
input, especially the production per productive employee.
D.G.C Delta Glass Company Limited.
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