06 3 Boston Massacre by 3Y4MP8


									              6.3 Boston Massacre
Daily Focus:
1. Which Act was a direct tax on the colonists?
2. What are (3) methods of protest that colonists
3. Which method of protest worked the most for
    the colonists and why?
4. What event signaled a beginning to the
    colonies acting united?
5. Which Act stated that Britain could tax the
    colonies in all cases whatsoever?
                   Townshend Acts
• Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767,
  which taxed imported goods at the port of entry.
• It taxed basic items such as glass, paint, tea, paper,
  and lead–items that the colonists did not produce
  and therefore had to import.
                  Townshend Acts
• Another boycott occurred in hopes of showing
  Britain that only the colonies’ representatives had
  the right to tax them.
• The Daughters of Liberty, an active group in the
  protest, urged Americans to wear homemade
  fabrics and produce other goods so as not to buy
  British products.
                Trouble in Boston
• Parliament sent two regiments of troops (often
  referred to as redcoats) to Boston to enforce the
  Townshend Acts.
• They set up camp in the heart of the city.
• These soldiers were in some cases rude and
  violent toward the colonists.
• Because Boston resented the presence of the
  soldiers, fighting broke out between the redcoats
  and Bostonians and continued throughout the
  next year.
                 Trouble in Boston
• The Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770, was a result of
  the heated tension between the redcoats and the
• Townspeople wielding weapons backed up the small
  garrison of troops toward the customhouse.
• The redcoats fired, killing five colonists.
                   Trouble in Boston
• Among the dead was Crispus Attucks, an African
  American dockworker.
• The Boston Massacre led colonists to call for stronger
  boycotts of British goods.
• Colonial leaders used the killings as propaganda against
  the British.
             Committees of Correspondence
•   As a result of the Boston Massacre, Parliament
    repealed the Townshend Acts except the tax on
•   Some colonial leaders still called for resistance to
    British rule.
•   In 1772 Samuel Adams revived the committee of
    correspondence in Boston to circulate colonists’
    grievances against Britain.
•   Other colonies began committees of
    correspondence that united protesters opposed
    to British rules.

To top