6.3 Boston Massacre Daily Focus: 1. Which Act was a direct tax on the colonists? 2. What are (3) methods of protest that colonists used? 3. Which method of protest worked the most for the colonists and why? 4. What event signaled a beginning to the colonies acting united? 5. Which Act stated that Britain could tax the colonies in all cases whatsoever? Townshend Acts • Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767, which taxed imported goods at the port of entry. • It taxed basic items such as glass, paint, tea, paper, and lead–items that the colonists did not produce and therefore had to import. Townshend Acts • Another boycott occurred in hopes of showing Britain that only the colonies’ representatives had the right to tax them. • The Daughters of Liberty, an active group in the protest, urged Americans to wear homemade fabrics and produce other goods so as not to buy British products. Trouble in Boston • Parliament sent two regiments of troops (often referred to as redcoats) to Boston to enforce the Townshend Acts. • They set up camp in the heart of the city. • These soldiers were in some cases rude and violent toward the colonists. • Because Boston resented the presence of the soldiers, fighting broke out between the redcoats and Bostonians and continued throughout the next year. Trouble in Boston • The Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770, was a result of the heated tension between the redcoats and the Bostonians. • Townspeople wielding weapons backed up the small garrison of troops toward the customhouse. • The redcoats fired, killing five colonists. Trouble in Boston • Among the dead was Crispus Attucks, an African American dockworker. • The Boston Massacre led colonists to call for stronger boycotts of British goods. • Colonial leaders used the killings as propaganda against the British. Committees of Correspondence • As a result of the Boston Massacre, Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts except the tax on tea. • Some colonial leaders still called for resistance to British rule. • In 1772 Samuel Adams revived the committee of correspondence in Boston to circulate colonists’ grievances against Britain. • Other colonies began committees of correspondence that united protesters opposed to British rules.
Pages to are hidden for
"06 3 Boston Massacre"Please download to view full document