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									                                 South Carolina General Assembly
                                     116th Session, 2005-2006

H. 4717

STATUS INFORMATION

House Resolution
Sponsors: Rep. McLeod
Document Path: l:\council\bills\ggs\22444sj06.doc

Introduced in the House on February 23, 2006
Adopted by the House on February 23, 2006

Summary: Reverend Doctor John Bachman, Newberry College


HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS

    Date   Body Action Description with journal page number
 2/23/2006 House Introduced and adopted HJ-37


VERSIONS OF THIS BILL

2/23/2006
 1
 2
 3
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 9                 A HOUSE RESOLUTION
10
11   TO COMMEMORATE THE 150TH ANNIVERSARY OF
12   NEWBERRY COLLEGE, AND THE CREATION BY ITS
13   ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL
14   SYMPOSIUM PLANNED FOR APRIL 2006 TO RECOGNIZE
15   THE LIFE AND WORK OF THE COLLEGE’S FOUNDER, THE
16   REVEREND DOCTOR JOHN BACHMAN, AND TO
17   DECLARE FEBRUARY 2006 IN SOUTH CAROLINA AS
18   “JOHN BACHMAN MONTH”.
19
20   Whereas, John Bachman was born on February 4, 1790, and, at an
21   early age in New York State, the future Dr. Bachman showed a
22   strong interest in studies of natural history and religion,
23   particularly, the works of Martin Luther; and
24
25   Whereas, the esteemed Dr. Bachman traveled south in January
26   1815 to Charleston, South Carolina to become pastor of St. John’s
27   Lutheran Church; and
28
29   Whereas, Dr. Bachman served St. John’s faithfully and honorably
30   as its beloved pastor for an amazing and productive fifty-six years,
31   during which time he became a true pillar of the Charleston
32   community; and
33
34   Whereas, contrary to civil statutes and community standards of the
35   time, Dr. Bachman educated Charleston slaves and freemen of
36   African descent and baptized hundreds, perhaps thousands, into
37   membership at St. John’s during his tenure; and
38
39   Whereas, Dr. Bachman helped form and served twice as President
40   of the South Carolina Lutheran Synod, from 1824 to 1833 and
41   again from 1839 to 1840; and
42

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 1   Whereas, Dr. Bachman, as Synod President in 1831, took action
 2   that led to the establishment of a theological institution to train
 3   Lutheran ministers, now known as the Lutheran Theological
 4   Southern Seminary of Columbia, South Carolina; and
 5
 6   Whereas, Dr. Bachman had a keen interest in the natural history of
 7   the South Carolina Lowcountry and discovered and described
 8   many birds and mammals previously unknown to science; and
 9
10   Whereas, Dr. Bachman was a seminal and active member of the
11   “Circle of Naturalists,” whose work in various natural history
12   fields made antebellum Charleston a scientific center equal in
13   importance to such cities as Philadelphia, Boston, and New York;
14   and
15
16   Whereas, Dr. Bachman frequently published letters and short
17   articles about his natural history observations in local and regional
18   publications, including the South Carolina Medical Journal, and
19   gave public lectures on these topics to audiences of both learned
20   and lay people; and
21
22   Whereas, Dr. Bachman began a lifelong friendship and
23   professional collaboration when he hosted the famous bird artist,
24   John James Audubon, during the artist’s 1831 visit to Charleston;
25   and
26
27   Whereas, Dr. Bachman was instrumental in founding the South
28   Carolina State Horticultural Society in 1833; and
29
30   Whereas, various scientists have seen fit to recognize Dr.
31   Bachman’s natural history contributions by naming three North
32   American birds, two mammals, and one butterfly in his honor,
33   including Bachman’s Warbler (Vermivora bachmanii), Bachman’s
34   Sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis bachmani), Bachman’s (now Black)
35   Oystercatcher (Haematopus bachmani), Bachman’s Brush Rabbit
36   (Sylvilagus bachmanii), Bachman’s Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger
37   bachmani), and the Snout Butterfly (Libytheana bachmanii); and
38
39   Whereas, Dr. Bachman encouraged African-American members of
40   St. John’s Lutheran Church to enter the ministry, nurturing
41   nationally known clergymen such as Jehu Jones, the first
42   African-American Lutheran minister ordained in North America,
43   Boston Jenkins Drayton, missionary to Liberia and eventual Chief

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 1   Justice of the Liberian Supreme Court, and Daniel Alexander
 2   Payne, the sixth bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal
 3   Church; and
 4
 5   Whereas, Dr. Bachman served on the Board of Trustees of the
 6   College of Charleston from 1834 until 1848; and
 7
 8   Whereas, Dr. Bachman, in 1838, sailed for England and the
 9   Continent of Europe, where he was greeted as a renowned scientist
10   and awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Berlin;
11   and
12
13   Whereas, in 1840 he and John James Audubon began work on the
14   Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America, an illustrated folio on
15   mammals, equal in importance, quality, and artistic grandeur to
16   Audubon’s earlier Birds of North America; and
17
18   Whereas, Dr. Bachman wrote the entire descriptive text of the
19   Quadrupeds and, in collaboration with Audubon’s sons, published
20   the work in folio and quarto formats beginning in 1845; and
21
22   Whereas, Dr. Bachman, through his marriage to Harriett Martin,
23   produced many sons and daughters; two daughters married two of
24   Audubon’s sons, and created a lineage that continues through
25   many accomplished American families; and
26
27   Whereas, Dr. Bachman was elected to a three-year term as Vice
28   President of the Charleston Library Society in 1845 and began a
29   five-year teaching position as Professor of Natural History at the
30   College of Charleston in 1848; and
31
32   Whereas, he published numerous important natural history papers
33   including Two Letters on Hybridity (1850), Notice of the Types of
34   Mankind by Nott and Gliddon (1854), and Examination of
35   Professor Agassiz’s Sketch of the Natural Provinces of the Animal
36   World (1855); and
37
38   Whereas, in 1851, Dr. Bachman journeyed to Washington, D.C.,
39   meeting with President Millard Fillmore to lobby for federal action
40   that, in a time of political unrest, would mollify the Southern states
41   and preserve the Union; and
42


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 1   Whereas, in 1853, Dr. Bachman published A Defense of Luther
 2   and the Reformation, in which he countered on-going
 3   Charleston-area attacks on Protestantism; and
 4
 5   Whereas, Dr. Bachman, in December 1845, was instrumental in
 6   founding the Lutheran-based Newberry College, a liberal arts
 7   institution in Newberry, South Carolina; and
 8
 9   Whereas, Dr. Bachman served as first president of the Newberry
10   College Board of Trustees beginning in January 1857, and during
11   his tenure, took many actions at the College to assure the high
12   quality of secular and religious education that has continued for
13   150 years; and
14
15   Whereas, Dr. Bachman became co-editor of Southern Lutheran
16   magazine in 1860; and
17
18   Whereas, although a Unionist, he lead the opening prayer for
19   guidance at Institute Hall in Charleston as the State of South
20   Carolina met on December 20, 1860 to discuss whether to vote for
21   secession, after which he withdrew from political activities and
22   devoted his energies to ministering the sick and needy; and
23
24   Whereas, Dr. Bachman, despite a beating by Union soldiers that
25   permanently paralyzed his left arm, continued his good work and
26   scholarship; and
27
28   Whereas, in 1864, he published Characteristics of Genera and
29   Species, as Applicable to the Doctrine of Unity in the Human Race,
30   in which he argued, from a scientific perspective, that all humans,
31   including slave and master, were the same species, a radical,
32   controversial, visionary, and correct pronouncement that took great
33   courage on his part, particularly, amid the turmoil of the Civil War;
34   and
35
36   Whereas, Dr. Bachman was a true renaissance man devoted to his
37   church and to his God, to science and natural history, to his
38   community and country, and to secular and religious education,
39   particularly, of African Americans in antebellum and post-war
40   Charleston; and
41
42   Whereas, Dr. Bachman’s legacy is alive and well at Newberry
43   College, which, led by its Alumni Association, will begin its

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 1   Sesquicentennial Celebration on April 20, 2006 with a major
 2   four-day symposium entitled “Nature, God, and Social Reform in
 3   the Old South: The Life and Work of the Rev. John Bachman”;
 4   and
 5
 6   Whereas, esteemed international authorities on Bachman will
 7   make keynote presentations during Newberry College’s John
 8   Bachman Symposium; and
 9
10   Whereas, the public is invited to attend and participate in this
11   auspicious event in the life of Newberry College by registering
12   through the Symposium web site at www.johnbachman.org; and
13
14   Whereas, as noted by the diverse accomplishments listed, Dr.
15   Bachman had a lasting and wide-ranging impact on science,
16   education, religion, and social progress in South Carolina, the
17   United States, and beyond; and
18
19   Whereas, the month of February is significant because Dr.
20   Bachman was born on February 4, 1790 and died on February 24,
21   1874; and
22
23   Whereas, the members of the South Carolina House of
24   Representatives designate February 2006 as “John Bachman
25   Month” throughout the State of South Carolina, and urge all
26   citizens to recognize this observance and to attend the John
27   Bachman Symposium at Newberry College. Now, therefore,
28
29   Be it resolved by the House of Representatives:
30
31   That the members of the House of Representatives of the State of
32   South Carolina, by this resolution, commemorate the 150th
33   Anniversary of Newberry College, and the creation by the Alumni
34   Association of an International Symposium planned for April 2006
35   to recognize the life and work of the college’s founder, the
36   Reverend Doctor John Bachman, and declare February 2006 in
37   South Carolina as “John Bachman Month”.
38
39   Be it further resolved that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to
40   the Newberry College Alumni Association.
41                                 ----XX----
42


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